Symptoms and signs of stroke in men, first aid

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From this article you will learn: the characteristic signs of a stroke in men, which symptoms are earlier, and which - occur later. First aid measures.

Contents of the article:

  • Features of the stroke in men
  • The first symptoms of the pathology of
  • The main signs of
  • The test of the

First-aid measures

Five features of the stroke in men

For men is characterized by:

  1. More frequent occurrence of the disease( aged 40-60 years the disease occurs30% more often in men, after 60 years the incidence of pathology is compared for both sexes).This is due to the fact that women at a young age from vascular accidents( strokes, heart attacks) protect female sex hormones. In menopausal age, when the production of hormones decreases significantly, and then completely stops, the frequency of the incidence of stroke becomes the same for men and women.
  2. The onset of the disease after 40 years, in women the disease develops usually after 60 years.
  3. Mortality after stroke in men is less.
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  5. Of the types of stroke in men, there is often an ischemic form, whereas women often have a hemorrhagic appearance.
  6. The provoking factors in men are often bad habits( smoking, alcohol), in women - stressful situations, the intake of hormonal contraceptives( one of the side effects of these drugs is increased thrombosis).
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Initial symptoms of stroke in men

Timely detection of the first symptoms of the disease largely determines the success of the treatment. Before the appearance of the attack, there may appear "bells" that foreshadow its approach:

  1. Frequent headaches( or cephalgia).Cephalgia has a stubborn nature, it can not be treated with the usual means( basically it is a group of NSAIDs - analgin, ibuprofen, indomethacin, pentalgin).Dizziness, weakness. In this state, you often want to lie down and rest.
  2. Nausea. It is not associated with eating.
  3. Violation of clarity, accuracy, coordination of movements. The difficulty is caused by simple manipulations, "everything is falling from the hands."
  4. Greased speech. It can be observed not constantly, but in periods.
  5. Tides of blood to the head. The complexion becomes purple, the feeling of heat is felt.
  6. Sharp mood swings. From a cheerful person can sharply become whiny and vice versa.
  7. Numbness in the arm or leg, usually one-sided. There may be a numbness in half of the face.

If such signals are detected, you should immediately consult a doctor to determine their cause.

After the appearance of symptoms, precursors, the condition of men may improve for some time. During this period, they feel completely healthy and most often do not seek medical help. For men in general, it is characteristic to underestimate the severity of their condition and disregard the help of specialists. Imaginary well-being continues until a more serious attack of the disease occurs.

If you contact specialists during this period, find out the causes of ailment and provide professional help in a timely manner, a stroke of a stroke may not develop or proceed in a lighter form( like a micro stroke or a transient cerebral circulation disorder).

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Women, unlike men, do not have such a "light gap": and harbingers smoothly pass into an attack of a stroke.

To determine the disease in the early stages, a simple test was developed, which allows to determine the stroke without error.

The main signs of a stroke

Later in men, other symptoms of the disease may appear. The following symptoms can occur, both in men and in women. For men, the coordination of movements is more characteristic, numbness of the limbs, for women - emotional lability, impaired consciousness, speech.

  1. Ask the subject to shake hands. On the side of the defeat, the handshake will be much weaker. This is due to a paresis, a decrease in muscle strength. If you determine the strength of the muscles with a dynamometer, then on the numb hand, it will be much smaller.
  2. Salivation, disturbance of swallowing. When strokes all food is recommended to grind. There is a need to slowly not to choke.
  3. When an attack occurs intolerable headache, not removed in the usual way.
  4. Confusion or loss of consciousness( coma) occurs with extensive strokes, often with hemorrhagic form.
  5. Indomitable( cerebral) vomiting, not bringing relief.
  6. The gait becomes shaky, like a drunk.
  7. Unintentional urination, defecation may occur.
  8. Paralysis, paresis( incomplete paralysis) may occur.
  9. Precipitation of some normal reflexes, the appearance of pathological.
  10. Visual impairment, hearing.
  11. Pupil expansion and fixation of the view on the side of the lesion.
  12. When trying to inflate the cheeks, one of the cheeks is "sail".
  13. There is a drop in the eyelid( ptosis), the corner of the mouth on one side.
  14. Bradycardia( slowing heart rate less than 60 beats per minute).
  15. Seizure attack, similar to epileptic.

Test UZP

U - smile. Ask the researcher to smile. When the stroke appears asymmetric smile, resembling a smirk. On a healthy side, the lip of the lips will be raised. On the side of the lesion, the angle of the lips remains lowered, since the sensitivity of this region decreases. The same is observed when the patient tries to grin - there will be a pronounced asymmetry. W - Talk to the man. When stroke occurs, blurred speech. Speech becomes vague, sometimes completely absent( aphasia).Some patients describe the feeling that they have a "mouth full of porridge" when talking. Violated not only pronunciation, but also understanding speech. If you ask the patient to stick out his tongue, then, like the previous sample, the language will be shifted in one direction( deviation) - normally the language should be located on the middle line.

P - raise both hands up. In stroke, one hand will be lower than the other. When trying to hold hands in an extended position on the side of the lesion, the lowering of the affected arm will also be determined.


Emergency First Aid Measures In determining the first symptoms of the disease, promptly call an ambulance. When transmitting data to the dispatcher, clearly describe the situation and the first symptoms of a stroke, especially the test of the

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Before the arrival of doctors, first aid should be provided. Algorithm of actions in emergency care:

1. Place the patient, lifting the head end. You can not allow the patient to get up, move, this can worsen the course and prognosis of the disease.

2. Unbutton the shirt collar, untie the tie, ensure the influx of fresh air.

3. To put a cold on the head, to the feet of a hot water bottle.

4. If breathing stops, perform artificial respiration by mouth-to-mouth.

5. When vomiting, turn the man on his side to avoid aspiration( swallowing) of vomit, gently clean the oral cavity of vomiting.

6. Measure blood pressure, record indicators to communicate information to the physician. If necessary, give drugs that lower blood pressure.

It is important to remember: it is undesirable to reduce the pressure too much( the decrease is considered to be optimal by 15-20% of the initial level).It is better to use for this purpose the drugs that the patient usually uses. If you are not sure about the possibility of their use, then it is better to wait for a doctor.

List of drugs used to rapidly reduce pressure, as an emergency:

  • nifedipine;
  • captopril;
  • egilok, anaprilin( used with a simultaneous increase in blood pressure and increased heart rate, the use of the drug with bradycardia( at a pulse rate below 60) is contraindicated;
  • physiothese;
  • clonidine( a potent drug is prescribed strictly by prescription).

7. Calm the patient.

8. If the patient is conscious, give him 10 glycine tablets under the tongue. It is necessary to dissolve the drug before it is completely dissolved. This drug is created on the basis of a natural neurotransmitter formed in the body. The medication has a sedative, neuroprotective effect( it protects the brain tissue, does not spread the focus of the stroke).The medicine has no side effects, it has no contraindications.

When the ambulance arrives, inform the doctor of the first and subsequent symptoms of the disease, pressure and pulse rates, care provided, medications taken.

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