After 10 years from the onset of alcohol abuse, the first signs of alcoholism appear in men. The protective gag reflex is lost, situational control of the amount of alcohol consumed and tolerance to high doses of alcohol increases. Invisibly formed the desire to drink something on any occasion, whether it is a stress factor or a holiday date.
Alcoholism: signs in men
Before the upcoming drinking, there is a noticeable revival of the drinking citizen, his mood, his energy, his impatient anticipation and anticipation of a joyous event. For a person who is addicted to alcohol, the responsibility for household management is relegated to the background, the sense of responsibility for one's family, himself, for his work is reduced. Alignment centralizes on alcohol as a source of satisfaction and pleasure. A drinking person will certainly find an excuse to drink, whether it's a joyful occasion, a purchase, a new thing or a sad date. Yes, it does not matter what, only it would be alcohol, and then drink something for which - there is always.
The drinker does not clog his head by controlling the amount of alcohol consumed to him inside. This is a very important sign of alcoholism in men and women. Which violates the whole way of life both in everyday life and at work. At first people who drink, try to take into account the amount of alcohol consumed. They can move the feast for a more convenient time, control their behavior. But it's not for long. Pathological predilection for alcohol develops, people drink - cease to limit and control everything.
To confirm the diagnosis of "Alcoholism" in ICD-10, the fact of the dependence syndrome is established in the presence of diagnosed at least three signs:
- Difficulties in exercising self-monitoring of the frequency of alcohol intake and its dose.
- Presence of an abstinence syndrome.
- The shift in life values and values in favor of alcohol consumption, despite the negative consequences for one's health and social relations.
Compulsive attraction to alcohol is a sign of the unfolded second stage of alcoholism. Constancy in the attraction to alcohol deprives a person of a sober mind and the consciousness of his illness, accordingly, the patient is completely absent from the desire to treat alcoholism and alcoholism.
A patient with alcoholism can drink anywhere and anywhere, alone or in a circle of drinking companions, acquaintances and casual persons, so long as they do not interfere with the process of drunkenness. When there is nothing to drink, an alcoholic can drink anything and anything you like - alcoholic surrogates: cosmetics, windshield wipers, technical spirits, perfumes, colognes and so on. Naturally, all this leads to poisoning the body and can result in the death of the patient.
The nature of intoxication undergoes changes in the direction of pathology. A generous drunken peace can be replaced by explosiveness, irritability, insidiousness, delusions of jealousy and persecution. The patient is disinhibited and can use physical aggression. The anamnestic character of intoxication does not allow a patient with alcoholism to remember what he did from intoxication.
Signs of alcoholism in women
By and large, the signs of female alcoholism do not differ from those of men. True, the formation of alcohol withdrawal syndrome occurs two times faster than in men and the social consequences of alcoholism are the most severe.
Half of the women, sick with alcoholism, began to drink alcoholic beverages from 13 to 15 years. Moreover, the drinking company consisted not only of adolescents, but also of men and women, older in age. From the reasons it is possible to allocate: emotional and personal immaturity; instability and unformed motivational sphere of the individual; imitation, interest, the desire to act in defiance and so on.
Alcoholism in women develops with inadequate family education, low interest in self-development, with superficiality and immaturity of the individual. Such women fall under antisocial influence, which will not teach anything good.
A third of women who drink, begin to abuse alcohol over the age of thirty. The cause of female alcoholism here is the disorder of personal life, loneliness, divorce, loss of loved ones, conflicts in the family, problems with children.
Women drink in a very narrow circle of persons or alone. They try to hide their moral fall from their parents, neighbors, acquaintances, colleagues at work.
It should be noted that women, unlike men, are able to maintain situational control over the amount of alcohol consumed longer. Suffer from their vice women are much sharper than men. They are more prone to fear that others will tell about them, they are afraid of condemnation from the social environment, they are more likely to develop alcoholic depression.
Alcoholism in women is characterized by a more rare drunken drunkenness than men.
Psychological deformation of a person on the basis of alcoholism of women is characterized by a propensity to self-esteem, self-condemnation, hysteria, depression, neurotic manifestations. Suppressed maternal feeling, there is sexual promiscuity.