- Pain in infants
- Pain in older children
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Abdominal pain is a signal of some kind of malfunction in the body. Ignore the appearance of this symptom is impossible, especially for children. Problems with the abdomen of the child happen very often. Many parents turn to the doctor with a complaint that the child has a stomach ache above the navel. The causes of the appearance of this symptom may differ depending on the age.
In young children, a painful outbreak is often associated with food allergy or infectious processes. At an older age, these diseases can be associated with diseases that also occur in adults. There are also rare diseases requiring comprehensive examination and specific therapy.
Pain in infants
It is possible to detect abdominal pain above the navel in the baby by the following symptoms:
- the baby is constantly crying;
- breast failure;
- has changed the stool;
- skin pale or pink;
- to the touch the skin is hot;
- from touching the stomach, the child begins to cry even harder.
Infection can occur in the following ways:
- before feeding the woman visited the restroom and did not wash her hands;
- close contact of the child with a person suffering from intestinal infection;
- in the house there are pets who were not vaccinated and antiparasitic treatment was not performed;
- improper storage of infant formula;
- through food or poor quality water;
- consumption of domestic cow or goat milk.
Intestinal infection causative agents enter the baby's mouth through dirty hands and toys
A careful mom should alert the following signs of intestinal infection:
- Sudden body temperature increase.
- Indomitable vomiting.
- Feces in the form of a yellow gruel. If you see that the stools have become green, liquid and have mucus in them, urgently alarm.
- The child is very restless, he constantly cries, flinches and pushes his knees to his tummy.
The main task in the treatment of intestinal infection is the fight against pathogenic microflora. For this purpose, antibiotics, adsorbents are prescribed. Also, drugs that combat intoxication and dehydration of the body are used.
Immediately, you should call an ambulance if you see such signs: fecal masses have traces of blood, more than six hours there is no urination, the skin becomes wrinkled and dry, unconscious.
With abdominal pain, children become restless and constantly cry
As the statistics show, food allergies appear more often in children who are on artificial feeding. Yet allergens can penetrate even through breast milk. If one of the parents is allergic, the probability of developing an increased sensitivity in the child is significantly increased.
An important role in the occurrence of an allergic reaction is played by the diet of a woman during pregnancy. Abuse of the following products increases the chances of allergies: honey, nuts, mushrooms, chocolate, citrus fruits.
An allergic reaction most often occurs after the introduction of complementary foods and complementary foods. Despite the safety of many nutritional formulas, it is not known how the child's organism will react to this or that component. The baby's immune system can perceive food components as a threat, which causes the appearance of hypersensitivity.
Allergic reaction to food is manifested as follows:
- pain over the navel;
- , after eating, enter intestinal colic;
- stool retention;
- mucus and even blood impurities are present in the feces;
- rashes, itching, peeling;
- allergic rhinitis;
- breathing difficulties.
According to experts, an increased reaction in children until the year appears on such products: chocolate, nuts, milk, chicken eggs, fish, cereals, mushrooms, yeast
. Medicamental assistance includes the use of antihistamines in the form of syrups and drops. To remove the itching and redness, a gel and a cream with an antihistamine component are used. Sorbents are used to remove toxic substances and allergens. Set up digestive processes will help enzymatic means.
In severe cases, you will need the use of hormonal creams and ointments. And remember, to cure an allergy without the exception of the product that caused it is simply impossible! The problem is that it is not always easy to identify this product. In this case, all high-allergenic products are excluded from the diet.
Pain in older children
After six to seven years, the baby's body can be exposed to diseases that occur in older age. This is explained by the fact that the schoolchild's organism practically corresponds to the adult in terms of structure and functioning. First, let's talk about four surgical pathologies, and then consider the functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract( GIT).
Destructive changes in the pancreas often develop after six years. Most often, pathological changes in the body develop through the fault of parents who do not control the diet of the baby. Consider the common causes that cause acute pancreatitis:
- abuse of spicy and fried foods, fast foods, canned food, sodas;
- large portions of food overload the pancreas;
- reaction to medications and inoculations;
- intestinal dysfunction;
- of gallbladder disease;
- food poisoning.
Acute process leads to the appearance of symptoms such as a pain in the navel, nausea, urge to vomit, lack of appetite, diarrhea, bloating, fever. The acute phase, which is accompanied by severe pain syndrome, requires in-patient treatment. The child must comply with bed rest and use a sufficient amount of liquid.
To reduce the production of pancreatic enzymes, dietary meals are prescribed. On the third day the child is given a porridge on water or milk, jelly, vegetable puree, compote of dried fruits.
As you recover, you can prepare pudding, curd casserole, and scrambled eggs. Non-fat beef and fish are also allowed.
To facilitate the condition of a young patient, such drugs will help:
- antisecretory: Famotidine, Pirenzepine;
- enzymatic: Pancreatin;
- analgesics and antispasmodics: No-spa, Paracetamol.
Acute pancreatitis causes pain above the navel in the child
Inflammation of the gallbladder wall can be bacterial and viral in nature. The causes of the disease can also serve as organ anomalies, helminthiases, nutritional errors, and psychoemotional disorders.
Cholecystitis is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication and dyspeptic disorders. The attack of a painful outbreak can last from a few minutes to two hours. Often the pain becomes acute stitching, resembling biliary colic. Pain can be given to the waist, shoulder and neck area.
The child becomes irritable, it has an unpleasant taste in his mouth, belching, nausea, bloating, diarrhea, followed by constipation. Treatment of children with cholecystitis includes a whole range of activities:
- diet food;
- antibacterial therapy;
- choleretics or cholekinetics;
- vitamin complexes;
Cholecystitis causes an attack of pain above the umbilical line
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix of the appendix of the cecum. A typical symptom of the process is pain in the right lower abdomen. Maybe for some it will be a surprise, but the outgrowth is not always located in this place, it can be even on the left side.
The functions of the appendix are still not fully understood, because of this, the estimated causes of the inflammatory response are not so many. Experts argue that in the formation of the pathological process, an important role is played by the clogging of the appendage by caloric masses, helminths or a foreign body.
Congenital anomaly of the process, or more precisely, its bends, also have significance in the mechanism of appendicitis development. Pathogenic microflora can be entered into the intestine through blood or lymph during respiratory infections. Predisposing factors for the development of the disease are helminthic invasions, chronic constipation, overeating, dysbiosis.
The child becomes sluggish, apathetic, refuses to eat. The temperature can rise to the level of thirty-eight degrees. The child becomes pale, the heart rate increases, vomiting and diarrhea occur.
Parents should remember that giving painkillers to a child in this case is not permissible, this can cause difficulties in diagnosis. Do not put the child in an enema and do not give him laxatives. Another common mistake is the application of a heating pad to the abdomen. This will only exacerbate the situation and lead to the development of an inflammatory reaction.
If you have pain, call a doctor, if you have acute appendicitis,
is performed. Peptic ulcer
This is a chronic disease that causes ulceration on the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum. Often, the pathological process causes Helicobacter pylori infection. An important role in the formation of the disease is played by the psychoemotional state. Quarrels with parents, as well as conflict situations in school can provoke a peptic ulcer.
Abdominal pain occurs after eating. A great diagnostic value is the night pain that disappears after eating. The pain is aggravated by nausea, vomiting, belching, and heartburn. Appetite in children is preserved, and sometimes even strengthened. In the treatment of peptic ulcer, psychotherapy is very important. It is desirable to spend it simultaneously with parents. Dietotherapy is also important, as is medical treatment.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Specialists note a direct relationship of the disease in children with pathologies during pregnancy and childbirth. An important role played by the microclimate in the family and children's team. Physical violence and conflict situations increase the risk of irritable bowel syndrome in children( IBS).
The disease is characterized by the appearance of the following symptoms: bloating, diarrhea or constipation, the act of defecation becomes painful. In order to get rid of the disease, it is necessary first of all to stabilize the psychoemotional state.
Pain above the navel in children can be a consequence of surgical pathologies: appendicitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer. In other cases, the appearance of an unpleasant symptom is associated with functional disorders of the digestive tract, for example, irritable bowel syndrome.
A qualified doctor is treating children. If you give medicine to your child at your discretion, you can seriously harm. Symptoms of various pathologies can be similar, so a diagnostic examination should be conducted by an experienced doctor. Do not try on the role of a doctor.