From this article you will learn why, before raising the bottom pressure, you must find out the reason for its reduction. How to raise only the lower pressure, without lifting the top.
People with high blood pressure are 60-70% more likely to complain than people with a decrease in this indicator. Therefore, from hypertension invented much more drugs than from hypotension. And when it comes to lowering the lower pressure, many specialists generally raise their hands. All because to do this is possible in very rare cases, when diastolic hypotension is indeed a signal of severe pathology.
But from any, even the most difficult, situation there is always a way out. In the case of an isolated lowering of the lower pressure, consistently execute and assimilate only three rules:
- Evaluate your condition correctly.
- Look for the reason - it can be very serious.
- The upper and lower pressures rise together.
1. Correctly assess your condition
In the case of diastolic hypotension, it is appropriate to consider two situations:
- When this condition is accompanied by symptoms.
- Any complaints are absent, hypotension is detected only with tonometry.
If there are no complaints
If you felt good before tonometry, and only after the procedure found out that the lower pressure was lowered, and thought about how to raise it - it means that there really is no problem. You should not negatively adjust, because the condition is necessarily heavier, and you will find in yourself if not all, then most of the symptoms of hypotension.
The absence of symptoms on the background of a slight decrease in diastolic pressure to 55-60 mm Hg. Art.if there are no symptoms characteristic of hypotension, it is not a pathology, and therefore does not require treatment.
If the complaint is
Usually complaints related to lowering the lower pressure occur when there is a big difference between systolic and diastolic parameters - more than 40-60 mm Hg. Art. Attention deserve two situations:
- When the maximum figures are at the upper limit of the norm( 135-140 mm Hg) or more, and the minimum - below 60 mm Hg. Art. Such differences cause headaches, weakness and other disorders. They say that the heart works well, and the problem is in the vessels.
- When the maximum figures correspond to the lower limit of the norm( about 100-110 mm Hg), and the minimum values are significantly reduced( about 40).This suggests that both the vessels and the heart are weakened.
Both situations are pathologies that require clarification of the cause and treatment. Do it yourself without the help of a specialist is impossible.
2. Look for the cause - it can be very serious.
Isolated pathological lowering of the lower pressure without falling of the upper is a rarity( no more than 2-3% of cases).But if such a hypotension is registered for a long time( months, years), she can talk about a very serious illness - aortic valve insufficiency. Do not even try to deal with it yourself, as this is impossible. Serious medical treatment is necessary, and in the neglected cases, the operation to replace the valve.
Such patients require consultation of a highly qualified cardiologist or cardiac surgeon. This is due to the destruction of the aortic valve, which is unable to contain the blood, so that immediately after being thrown out into the aorta, it returns back to the heart cavity. Therefore, the systolic pressure does not change or even increases, and the diastolic pressure is lowered, since the blood in the vessels is not enough.
3. Upper and lower pressure increase together
If you were examined, but no serious abnormalities from the heart and aortic valve were found - the most likely causes of lowering the lower pressure may be vegetative-vascular dystonia and hormonal imbalance. In 75% they are found in young women. The upper pressure in them either is also lowered, or unstable - constantly changing from normal to low. Therefore, the need to increase only the lower indicator without affecting the upper one is irrelevant.
In general, the systolic index is more important than the diastolic( with the exception of aortic insufficiency).Its increase is able to compensate for vascular insufficiency, which is indicated by a lowered lower pressure. So do not try to raise them separately. This is impossible and not necessary.
Useful practical recommendations for increasing pressure
But what if diastolic hypotension is caused by excessive vasodilation against a background of autonomic or hormonal dystonia? Most of these people suffer from general weakness, sweating, lethargy, dyspnea, impaired coordination of movements, decreased brain activity. To you can help or assist such advice or councils:
- Address to the endocrinologist, hand over analyzes of a blood on female sexual and hormones of a thyroid gland( TTG, 3, 4), the general analyzes of a blood and urine. If hormone deficiency is detected, it is necessary to take substitute drugs on their basis. Thus, you not only raise the lower pressure, but also eliminate all other manifestations of hormone deficiency.
- If the cause is vegetovascular dystonia, contact a neurologist or a psychotherapist. Do not be shy, afraid, let alone ignore these specialists. In 50% after the appointment of neurotropic drugs and various psychotherapeutic sessions, it is possible to reduce or completely eliminate the manifestations of dystonia. In particular, the lower pressure can be normalized without a pronounced increase in the upper pressure.
- Do not close your problem - the more you think that you are seriously ill, the more it will be traced in real life. No matter how hard it is for you, try to get distracted by something pleasant, forgetting about hypotension.
- You can take adaptogens - drugs that increase the overall vitality: tincture of ginseng, eleutherococcus, Pantocrinum, Tonginal. They can increase the lower pressure.
- At a critical reduction, drugs are administered: Prednisolone, Dexamethasone, Cordiamin, Dopamine, Mezaton for emergency care.
- Drink coffee in the morning. Although this product equally increases systolic and diastolic digits, do not be afraid to use it, even if the upper indicator is at the maximum limit of the norm. Be sure to perform control tonometry throughout the day. If the lower pressure figures can be raised, but the upper one rises above 140 mm Hg. From coffee it is necessary to refuse or refuse in general, or to reduce a dose.
- Eat well and regularly: nourishing food, sweets, meat dishes - all this is a powerful source of energy. Together with its influx, all tonic effects in the body are activated, which is accompanied by increased pressure.
- Do not refuse salt and liquid. One without the other, they are ineffective for increasing the pressure, but together they can fill the vessels with liquid, which will positively affect diastolic hypotension.
- Be active. Systematic dosed physical exercise( exercise, running, sports, walking outdoors, hiking) activate cardiac activity and vascular tone. This eventually eliminates hypotension.
You can not predict how the increase in lower pressure will occur against the background of treatment - together with the upper or without it. Therefore, this process should be supervised by a specialist.