- Basic principles
- Permitted and prohibited products
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Ulcer of the stomach and duodenum is a common pathology. Most often, the disease affects young people of working age. Men are more susceptible to illness than women. The essence of the disease consists in the formation of deep defects on the mucous membrane of the digestive organs.
An ulcer is a relapsing chronic illness that often occurs against the background of emotional overstrain, an unhealthy lifestyle, irregular eating habits. Helicobacter pylori infection with the bacterium plays a major role in the appearance of defects on the mucosa. This microorganism causes an inflammatory reaction, increases the level of acidity and destroys the protective factors.
The disease is characterized by a wavy course, that is, the period of remission is replaced by exacerbation. Symptoms may differ depending on the location of the defect. Thus, with the ulcer of the upper stomach, painful sensations appear immediately after ingestion. When lesions of the antral department, a painful outbreak occurs after two hours after eating.
The ulcer of the duodenum is characterized by pain on an empty stomach, which decreases after eating. Also often patients complain of discomfort at night. The pain syndrome with ulcers does not have a clear place of localization. It can be aching, cutting, drilling. There is also burping, nausea, vomiting, worsening of appetite, constipation.
With peptic ulcer the whole body suffers, which is why it is important to adhere to the therapeutic diet prescribed by a specialist. Proper nutrition will help to translate the disease into a stage of remission, as well as to avoid the appearance of a new relapse. What is the peculiarity of dietary nutrition with ulcers, what products should be avoided? Let's talk about this and many other things in this article.
Diet in the ulcer of the stomach and duodenum is aimed at mechanical and chemical shchazhenie
Specialists make the following dietary requirements:
- high nutritional value of the diet;
- balanced diet, which should include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals;
- products should not irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa;
- eating food at room temperature;
- rejection of foods that increase the secretion of gastric juice;
- fractional meals in small portions;
- the ingestion of the food in a wiped, grinded form;
- restriction of table salt.
Permitted and prohibited products
The list of dishes and menus for the ulcer depends to a large extent on the stage of the disease. After surgery and during the period of exacerbation, the most gentle diet is prescribed. Patients are recommended liquid boiled porridge, grated boiled fillet, broth of dogrose.
As the disagreeable symptoms disappear, the menu can be enriched with other dishes:
- mucilage rubbed soups;
- meat or fish souffle, steamed;
- apple, fruit, milk jelly;
- loose tea;
- curds soufflé, milk;
- steam omelette.
Dietary nutrition should be adhered to at least a year after the exacerbation. The following products are allowed:
- yesterday's bread, biscuit biscuits;
- Soups on vegetable or lean meat broth;
- lean meat in the form of meatballs, soufflé, cutlets;
- ryazhenka, cottage cheese, sour cream, yoghurt, yogurt;
- eggs boiled soft-boiled or steamed;
- cereals: rice, buckwheat, oatmeal;
- vegetable oils;
- sweet fruits and berries in the form of mashed potatoes, baked apples.
Doctors do not recommend eating fresh bread
The following products are banned:
- Rye bread;
- rich broths;
- fatty fish and meat;
- fried eggs;
- pearl barley and corn porridge;
- white cabbage, radish, radish, rutabaga, legumes;
- strong tea and coffee;
- mustard, horseradish, sauces, ketchup, mayonnaise.
People with peptic ulcer need to consume milk. This product neutralizes excess hydrochloric acid. In addition, it includes a large number of nutrients, just necessary to normalize the digestive tract. Milk envelops the walls of the stomach, soothes and relieves irritation.
Dairy products contain easily digestible protein, vitamins, minerals, compounds that enhance the body's resistance, organic acids. You can consume both cow and goat milk. Only it is worthwhile to understand that goat has a high fat content and therefore it should be diluted with water. Regular consumption of milk with peptic ulcer will help relieve unpleasant symptoms such as heartburn, belching and nausea.
This does not mean that you need to constantly drink milk. On its basis, you can cook porridges, soups, casseroles, puddings, cheese cakes. With increased acidity, doctors recommend drinking pasteurized milk with a low percentage of fat. With peptic ulcer, you can not eat dairy products in large quantities. Abuse can lead to a violation of calcium metabolism.
In the diet, you can also enter kefir. The product is well absorbed by the body and has a high biological value. You can eat kefir both before meals and at bedtime. Cottage cheese is another indispensable product in the stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer. It is useful both for young children and for older people.
Despite the enormous nutritional value of vegetables and fruits, there are certain restrictions for the ulcer in connection with their use. Categorically forbidden for an ulcer such products as onions, garlic, radish. Also have to give up horseradish, beans and peas. In any form, mushrooms and bitter pepper are excluded.
Even during the remission period, all of the above products are banned. They are hard to digest by the body, and also irritate the mucous membrane, strengthening the pain syndrome. With an ulcer you can eat vegetables yellow and green, and from the red will have to give up.
Tomatoes and cucumbers - this is a familiar combination for the preparation of salads. The first product will have to be abandoned, and cucumbers can be safely consumed. Patients are advised to bake cauliflower and broccoli. Potatoes, beets, pumpkin - these vegetables can also be safely consumed with peptic ulcer.
Onion and garlic are banned
Separately, I want to say about potatoes. The composition of this root is a huge amount of vitamins, trace elements, as well as organic acids. The chips will have to be abandoned. But the mashed potatoes are allowed to eat. The starch that is part of the vegetable kupiruet inflammatory reaction, relieves spasms and envelops the mucous membrane of the digestive organs.
The fiber in the potato does not irritate the intestines and does not stimulate peristalsis. In folk medicine in the treatment of peptic ulcer, potato juice is used. For three weeks, take it should be half an hour before meals. Use only freshly squeezed juice.
Drink it should be through the tube, so as not to spoil the tooth enamel. It is important to understand that it is impossible to store potatoes for more than six months. After the end of this period, harmful substances accumulate in the root crop, which poison the body. Not all types of cabbage are allowed by the ulcer. White-blooded, for example, increases the level of acidity, so its use is prohibited.
It is recommended to use cauliflower as a basis for the preparation of diet soups or purees. Use should be exclusively inflorescence, as the leaves adversely affect the mucosa. Contraindicated with ulcer stew, as well as salted cabbage. The opinion of specialists about the possibility of using sauerkraut and sea cabbage by pest control is very contradictory.
Carrots are another product rich in vitamins. To use this vegetable in its raw form is contraindicated, as this leads to an increase in acidity. Carrots are allowed to be used in boiled and grated form. During the remission for the prevention of exacerbation it is recommended to use carrot juice.
The pumpkin contains a large number of vitamins. It has a little fiber, so the vegetable does not affect peristalsis. You can eat pumpkin with an ulcer in any form. Experts argue that a mashed pumpkin with honey contributes to the healing of wounds. Pumpkin juice reduces the production of gastric juice. Stewed or boiled vegetable removes the inflammatory process and normalizes the digestive process.
Zucchini are an indispensable product in the diet of patients with ulcers. The vegetable is saturated with vitamins, potassium, iron. The zucchini composition includes substances that remove the inflammatory reaction, normalize digestion, and also have antitumor activity. In their raw form, they should not be used. Boiled squash can be used as a basis for the preparation of soups and purees.
Celery accelerates the healing of defects on the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum
Celery is rich in essential oils, purines, microelements, vitamins. The substances that make up this vegetable have a protective effect and accelerate the healing process of ulcers. Fresh greens in moderate amounts can be consumed even during a period of exacerbation of the ulcer.
In dill contains a large amount of vitamin C, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, calcium. Parsley is also allowed, it includes carotene, as well as a large number of vitamins and trace elements. Now let's talk about products that can be consumed exclusively during the remission period:
- beet. It contains natural acids. It is strictly forbidden to eat vegetables during an exacerbation. Beet juice mixed with honey is recommended for prevention of exacerbation;
- cucumbers. A small amount of chopped vegetables without peel can be used as a part of various dishes. Pickled cucumbers are strictly forbidden;
- tomatoes. During the remission, you can eat peeled vegetables without skin;
- bow. The boiled vegetable is used exclusively in the composition of other dishes;
- Bulgarian pepper is a powerful antioxidant. It has antitumor and antibacterial activity.
Virtually no negative effect on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines such fruits: bananas, apples, avocados, pears, plums. If we talk about apples, it's a hypoallergenic product, which includes vitamins and trace elements.
A large amount of pectin has a beneficial effect on the condition of the damaged mucosa. It is worth choosing sweet apples, as the acid of some varieties can further damage the digestive organs. With apples, you should always peel. During the exacerbation, they can be consumed exclusively in baked form.
When exacerbating the ulcer, it is recommended to eat baked in the oven apples
Pear is another useful fruit in case of peptic ulcer. It should also be peeled off, and during the relapse it is allowed to use exclusively in baked form. The composition of the pear enters, ascorbic and nicotinic acid, thiamin, riboflavin and other vitamins.
This low-calorie fruit also contains a huge amount of microelements. Experts recommend that in the first thirty minutes after eating a pear, do not drink water and any liquid, as this has a bad effect on the condition of the mucous membrane of the damaged organ.
Water melon and melon are those products that increase the secretion of gastric juice, which further damages the mucous membrane. To reduce their negative impact, a small amount of watermelon and melon is allowed to eat for dessert. It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of pomegranate juice, but it is necessary to avoid this fruit.
In case of an ulcer caused by a bacterial infection, an aqueous infusion on dry crusted pomegranates is useful. Persimmon can be safely used by patients with ulcers. The composition of this fruit includes a small amount of organic acids, so it does not cause an increase in the level of acidity. Persimmon is rich in magnesium, potassium, iron, iodine, manganese.
Buckwheat porridge is allowed to be used both during remission and during exacerbation. But during the relapse, the porridge should be cooked on the water, but not the milk. As the fading of the attack on the cereal can add a little butter and peeled vegetables. Oatmeal porridge is generally an ideal product for ulcers. It removes the inflammatory reaction and envelops the mucous membrane.
Wheat cereal does not cause allergic reactions, removes toxins and restores the body after the disease. It can be used during remission. During an exacerbation, it is resolved because of mechanical irritation. Monkey helps to cope with spastic pain with peptic ulcer. It should be understood that croup helps to increase body weight.
Buckwheat porridge can be used both during an exacerbation, and remission
With peptic ulcer it is allowed to drink tea. The main thing is not to add lemon to it and not to brew too strong a drink. Cocoa is a rather controversial drink, as it is a heavy and caloric drink. Coffee, unfortunately, is forbidden for ulcers.
Patients are allowed such a drink:
- vegetable and fruit juices;
- dairy products;
- alkaline water;
- cabbage, potato, pumpkin, and kalinovy juice;
- low-fat milk.
Alcohol is strictly forbidden to the peptic ulcer. Its use increases the level of acidity, slows down the process of digestion of food and contributes to the occurrence of complications. Kvass and carbonated drinks are also allowed. So, nutrition with ulcer of the stomach and duodenum plays an important role in the treatment process. Even the most powerful medications without a diet can be futile.
Correctly compiled menu will help to restore the damaged mucous membrane of digestive organs, reduce the clinical manifestations of the disease and accelerate the process of recovery. An ulcer is an insidious disease that can wait and at any opportunity returns as a relapse. To prevent this from happening, adhere to the correct diet every day.