Signs of ARVI
With the onset of cold weather, almost everyone faces colds. Annually experts make disappointing forecasts about the coming wave of influenza and acute respiratory infections. The epidemic lasts for almost two months, during which very many people manage to get sick. Symptoms of SARS and influenza are similar to those of other diseases, so it is not always possible to detect the presence of the disease on time. In the presented review you will get acquainted with the ways of virus definition, ways of infection and stages of development of infection in the human body.
What are the symptoms and signs of ARVI?
It is important to note that the signs of ARVI in adults and children are the same, there are no differences between them, However, the severity of symptoms may vary, depending on the functioning of the immune system rights. Respiratory infections are diagnosed on the basis of the general condition of the body. The doctor learns from the patient about all the symptoms of ARVI, conducts an examination, on the basis of this, he makes a conclusion about the presence or absence of the disease. When the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment is started immediately. Read about this in the book O. E. Komarovsky about this disease.
The incubation period
It is important to determine the presence of microbes in the human body, which later cause the disease in advance. There is a difference between a common cold and symptoms of ARVI, for example, the time of active development of the infection. Respiratory diseases in the first stage proceed without any particular signs, during this period the infection develops, and the microbes actively multiply. This time is called the incubation period of acute respiratory viral infection in children or adults.
It begins on the day when a healthy person has been in contact with the patient and infection has occurred, however, no manifestations of infection have been observed. The incubation period ends when the first symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection appear. Each organism in different ways is capable of restraining the development of the disease, so the period after infection to the first signs is different. On average, it can take from a few hours to two weeks. The disease also occurs in all different ways, it will depend on the methods of treatment, the effectiveness of the selected drugs, the lifestyle of the patient.
Viral infection in a child and an adult begins with a high body temperature. Against a background of general malaise, one can note a sharp increase in its indices to 38-39 ° C. Elevated temperatures persist for several days, sometimes decreasing in the morning, then increasing in the evening. In addition, if there is an acute respiratory infection in the body, pain and pain in the eyes, trembling, body aches, weakness can appear.
The first signs of SARS:
- a sharp deterioration in overall health;
- sore throat;
- increased sweating;
- lack of appetite.
How much is the temperature in ARVI?
A rise in body temperature with respiratory infections is a sign that the body is struggling with the disease. Leukocytes in the human blood actively destroy the alien virus. It is useful for patients to know what time the elevated body temperature should keep, so as not to worry once again and to protect themselves from the use of excess medications: in the norm it lasts from two to five days. During this time, the right amount of antibodies that fight the disease is produced. If the temperature worries the patient for more than 5 days, then the infection has a complex shape.
How does an acute respiratory viral infection occur without a temperature?
Sometimes the symptoms of ARI appear without a rise in body temperature. This type of disease is dangerous, because the infected continue to go to school or work, actively spreading pathogens ARVI among healthy people. There are several reasons for this method of the disease course:
- First of all, it should be noted that this is the manifestation of the mild form of the disease (rotavirus infection).
- In some cases, this indicates an inability of the body to fight the virus (weakened immunity).
Features of acute respiratory viral infections
Viral diseases occur when the epithelium of the respiratory tract is affected. In addition to typical symptoms, the disease can be accompanied by lacrimation, signs of poisoning the body. This is a dangerous problem, especially because of the complications that develop with untimely or incorrect treatment. They include bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis. Diagnose ARVI with the help of serological and virological tests. By severity of the flow, a mild, moderate and severe form of the disease is isolated.
Distinguish the following respiratory infections, each of which has its own peculiarities:
- respiratory syncytial;
The main signs of SARS in children and adults are not very different, but sometimes the sick continue to go to work (in kindergarten, school), counting on the fact that the ailment itself will pass. Do not ignore the infection if there is a temperature of 40, especially if the antipyretic drugs do not have the proper effect. In addition, in adults with the disease, there may be a clouding of the mind, lack of oxygen, swelling, a rash on the body. With timely access to a doctor, the treatment takes about a week and there is the opportunity to avoid repeated infection or serious complications.
Any viral disease can at any time go to a more serious one, for example:
- otitis media;
- heart rhythm disorder;
According to statistics, the children's organism in comparison with the adult is more susceptible to viral diseases (especially from three to twelve years). Often there is an acute respiratory viral infection in children under one year, for example, with artificial feeding, when body protection weakens. Babies should be especially protected from viruses (restrict contacts with strangers, do not visit public places in the midst of an epidemic, temper the child). SARS in a baby is very difficult to treat, so it is better not to allow infection.
Table differences between the symptoms of influenza and SARS in 2016Comparison of symptoms of influenza and ARVI Symptoms
|Increased body temperature||up to 40 degrees||37-38 degrees|
|Cough, sore throat, runny nose||typically|
|Fatigue, body aches||typically||rarely, not expressed|
|Chills||typically||in severe forms|
Video about acute respiratory diseases
SARS in winter is the most common type of ailment that is transmitted by airborne droplets from infected people to healthy ones. The incubation period and the course of the course of the disease depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. You will learn more about this disease after viewing the video below.
ARVI - symptoms and treatment in adults
An acute respiratory viral infection is commonly referred to as what is popularly known as the common cold. Although the main symptoms and methods of treatment of acute respiratory viral infections in adults are known to everyone, there are still cases when patients begin complications due to the fact that the therapy was not started in a timely manner or included incorrect recommendations.
The main signs of acute respiratory viral infection in adults
Cause the common cold viruses. Disease-causing microorganisms affect the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets and sometimes through dirty hands and household items. The incubation period of acute respiratory viral infection in adults can last from 1 to 10 days, but mostly 3-5 days.
It is quite easy to understand that the disease has begun. Although its signs and manifest gradually, they can not go unnoticed. As a rule, the first symptom of acute respiratory disease and acute respiratory viral infection in adults is a swelling in the throat. The discomfort is obvious, but the patient still has doubts whether he actually got sick or not. After a sadness, there is a runny nose and a strong sneeze. And a couple of days later the patient begins to cough. As for the heat, it may not be. Although in most cases the temperature rises to 3, -38 degrees.
There are other signs characteristic of the disease. Among them:
- redness of the eyes;
- muscle pain;
- reddening of the mucosa in the throat area;
- inflammation of the cervical or behind-the-back lymph nodes, which also hurt with pressure.
In some cases, upset stomach symptoms, nausea and vomiting, as well as conjunctivitis may be added to all of the above symptoms.
Than to treat an ORVI in an adult?
Since viruses cause disease, it needs to be treated with antiviral drugs, which are designed specifically for the destruction of pathogens. The most popular and effective are such medicines:
To cure ARVI in an adult as soon as possible, it is recommended in parallel with antiviral take immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, expectorant preparations. Extremely useful:
- abundant drinking;
- washing the nose;
- warming up the nose;
All patients at the time of treatment should adhere to bed rest.
In addition, the body will be supported by folk remedies - herbal decoctions and infusions based on such plants:
- the root of aira;
- rose hips;
- pine needles;
- linden trees;
- carrot tops;
- grains of parsley.
Antibiotics for treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza in adults
Many believe that antibiotics are the right remedy for colds. But this is one of the biggest misconceptions. Their reception is expedient only if the disease is provoked by the activity of bacteria. In all other cases, potent drugs will only weaken the immune system, but recovery will not bring one step closer.
Treatment with antibacterial agents of ARVI, acute respiratory disease or influenza is justified only if the pathogeny of bacterial origin was added to the underlying disease on the background of a decrease in immunity. The main indications for taking antibiotics for colds are the following:
- chronic inflammation of the middle ear;
- purulent otitis media;
- purulent sinusitis;
Symptoms and signs of ARVI
ARVI (acute respiratory viral infection) is a group of morphologically and clinically similar acute inflammatory diseases that affect the respiratory system. Pathogens of this pathology are various pneumotrophic viruses, of which there are at least 170 species. The most common viruses are parainfluenza, influenza, adenoviruses, respiratory syncytial viruses and rhinoviruses. If a person has symptoms of ARVI, then he needs treatment, because the disease can lead to the development of bacterial infection.
Each of the pathogens is most affected by one of the sections of the respiratory tract, for example, the parainfluenza virus is the larynx, and the rhinovirus is the nose. This explains the appearance of specific symptoms that help the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment.
As can be seen in the picture, the main common symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection are headache, fever, chills, muscle aches and weakness. But these are common characteristic symptoms for all types of acute respiratory viral infection, then we will analyze in more detail the symptoms for each type of acute respiratory viral infection, to which includes influenza, parainfluenza, rhinovirus infection, adenovirus infection, and also separately talk about the symptoms of ARVI for children.
Signs of a rhinovirus infection
Rhinovirus infection is also called a contagious rhinitis, because it affects the mucous membrane of the pharynx and nose. The disease can begin both acute and gradual. First of all, there are symptoms of intoxication: muscle weakness, headaches and a feeling of heaviness in the head, chills and malaise amid a slightly elevated temperature.
There are also specific signs of the disease: nasal congestion, perspiration, insignificant hoarseness of the voice, sneezing, difficulty nasal breathing, as well as discharge from the nose, which are initially abundant and mucous, and then - thick, grayish or yellowish hue. Usually this disease does not go through hard and ends with complete recovery of the person.
Signs of adenovirus infection
With adenovirus infection, not only the respiratory organs, but also the lymph nodes, as well as the eyes, occur. The disease begins sharply, with a rise in temperature, which can persist for 7-14 days. There are also symptoms of general intoxication: headaches and muscle pains, feelings of weakness and weakness, lack of appetite, chills. Sometimes there is a breakdown in the bowel function, which aggravates the patient's condition.
The clinical picture of this type of ARVI includes other symptoms: pain with swallowing, perspiration, puffiness eyelids, conjunctivitis, cough, plaque white in the form of films and threads on the palatine tonsils, as well as coarse-grained rash. As soon as the first alarming symptoms of the disease appear, the patient needs to seek medical help, since the risk of developing pneumonia is high.
Signs of respiratory syncytial infection
This pathology is characterized by damage to the bronchi and lungs. And most often it occurs in children, provoking their development of bronchitis and pneumonia. First, the patient has a little fever, there is a runny nose, cough, perspiration and sore throat. Then the patient's condition may worsen, as evidenced by the appearance of the following symptoms:
- severe cough with phlegm;
- a significant increase in body temperature.
These signs indicate the development of severe complications - bronchitis or pneumonia.
Signs of parainfluenza
Symptoms of this type of SARS strongly resemble the flu, but for parainfluenza, the heavier upper respiratory tract infection and prolonged course are characteristic. This disease develops gradually, and already on the fourth day there may be complications - pneumonia or bronchitis. Therefore, as soon as the first symptoms appear, you need to see a doctor.
Signs of this ARVI are as follows:
- a sore throat;
- feeling of weakness and weakness;
- pain when swallowing;
- dry, sometimes "barking" and coarse cough;
- a slight increase in temperature;
- aches in the body;
- runny nose.
Sometimes, due to the swelling of the vocal cords and their reflex spasm, breathing difficulties may occur.
Signs of the fluInfluenza causes RNA-containing viruses of genus A, B, C. This disease is characterized by intoxication, not a prolonged febrile period, a lesion of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract.
Influenza is common in both adults and children, especially during the cold season. This disease begins, as a rule, acute, with a rise in temperature to 38-40 degrees and the appearance of severe symptoms of intoxication: the headache pain (and it is localized mainly in the region of the temples, superciliary arches and forehead), weakness, aches in the joints and throughout the body, weakness.
Then there are symptoms of trachea and bronchial involvement - dry cough, perspiration and sore throat, pain and sore throat. The face and neck of the patient become hyperemic, nasal breathing is difficult. Arterial blood pressure decreases slightly, and the heart rate, on the contrary, increases. Sometimes there are nosebleeds and herpes on the wings of the nose and lips.
In adults, fever can persist for five days, after which the patient's condition begins to improve. But this does not always happen, because the flu can cause serious complications, for example, such dangerous as infectious-toxic shock or pneumonia.
The most attention should be paid to the elderly people who are ill with the flu, because they have the highest risk of complications. At them on a background of an infection the existing chronic pathologies can become aggravated, that will essentially worsen their state of health. Influenza is also dangerous for children up to a year, so they should be watched very carefully for their well-being.
Signs of ARVI in the childIn children, the disease begins with a rise in temperature, chills and the appearance of symptoms of intoxication - headache, weakness, lethargy, body aches. The baby can become very moody and irritable.
The child's face becomes hyperemic. The nose of it will be laid, from it there can be plentiful allocation. The baby has perspiration and sore throat, lacrimation, pain in the eyes, and dry or wet cough. When these signs appear in children, you should consult a doctor who knows which symptoms are characteristic for this or that variety of ARVI, and therefore, can establish the correct diagnosis and appoint treatment.
Signs of acute respiratory infections, which require urgent medical help
To many people, ARVI does not seem to be a very serious disease, but this is not at all the case. Symptoms of SARS sometimes take a very dangerous nature. Calling an ambulance is recommended in the following cases:
- rise in temperature from 40 degrees and above;
- no effect of taking antipyretics at a temperature above 38;
- very severe headache;
- appearance on the skin of the rash;
- impairment of consciousness (fainting, confused consciousness, hallucinations);
- pain in the chest, arising from breathing;
- difficulty exhaling or inhaling;
- the appearance of a sputum of a brown or greenish hue or with an admixture of blood;
- feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath;
- edema and pain behind the sternum, not associated with the process of breathing.
Such varieties of ARVI as influenza can lead to complications, especially in elderly people and in young children. And those who suffer from serious chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and respiratory pathology), there is a danger of their exacerbation. Complications worsen the prognosis of the disease. and sometimes even become a cause of death.
SARS is... Acute respiratory viral infection: prevention, treatment
Acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI) is a disease that affects the human respiratory system. The main cause of the disease is contact with viruses. The path of transmission of viruses is airborne.
Prevalence of ARVI
Disease of ARVI is widespread everywhere, especially in kindergartens and schools, work collectives. Increased risk of infection have young children, the elderly and people with a weakened immune system.
The source of infection is an infected person. The high susceptibility of people to viruses leads to a rapid spread of the disease, the SARS epidemic is quite a frequent phenomenon all over the world. Untimely treatment of the disease can lead to various complications.
Outbreaks of respiratory-viral infections occur all year round, but the ARVI epidemic is more often observed in autumn and winter, especially in the absence of quality prevention and quarantine measures to identify cases infection.
Causes of ARVI
The cause of the development of the disease is respiratory viruses, which differ in a short incubation period and rapid spread. The source of the infection is a sick person.
The virus of ARVI is afraid of disinfectants, ultraviolet rays.
The mechanism of development
Getting into the body through the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract or the conjunctiva of the eyes, the viruses, penetrating into the epithelial cells, begin to multiply and destroy them. In places where viruses are introduced, inflammation occurs.
Through damaged blood vessels, getting into the bloodstream, viruses are carried throughout the body. In this case, the body secretes protective substances, the manifestation of which are signs of intoxication. If immunity is weakened, it is possible to attach a bacterial infection.
All respiratory-viral diseases have similar symptoms. At the beginning of the disease a person has a runny nose, sneezing, pershit in the throat, body aches, the temperature rises, appetite disappears, a liquid stool appears.
Symptoms of SARS in a child can develop rapidly. Quickly increases intoxication, the baby is shivering, vomiting, pronounced hyperthermia. Treatment should be started immediately to avoid possible complications.
Signs of individual viral infections
Determine parainfluenza can be on mucous discharge from the nose, the appearance of a dry "barking" cough, hoarseness of the voice. The temperature does not exceed 38 ° C.
Adenovirus infection is accompanied by conjunctivitis. In addition, the patient may experience rhinitis, laryngitis, tracheitis.
With rhinovirus infection, the symptoms of intoxication are pronounced, the temperature may not rise. The disease is accompanied by abundant mucous discharge from the nose.
For respiratory syncytial viral infection, not pronounced catarrhal symptoms or bronchitis, strong intoxication are characteristic. Body temperature remains normal.
What is the difference between the flu and ARVI?
ARVI begins gradually, the development of the flu is rapid, a person can even indicate the time when he felt ill.
In acute respiratory viral infections, body temperature rises slightly, no higher than 3, C⁰. The flu is characterized by a sharp increase in temperature to 39-40 C⁰. The temperature in this case is maintained for three to four days.
In acute respiratory infections, the symptoms of intoxication are practically non-existent, the person does not shiver and does not throw in sweat, there is no severe headache, eye pain, photophobia, dizziness, body aches, persists operability.
With flu, a strong runny nose and nasal congestion are absent, this is the main symptom of ARVI. The disease is accompanied by reddening of the throat, with a flu such a symptom is not always observed.
In ARVI cough, discomfort in the chest occur at the very beginning of the disease, may be mild or moderately pronounced. The flu is characterized by a painful cough and chest pain that appear on the second day of the disease.
Sneezing is typical for the common cold, there is no such symptom in the flu, but there is redness in the eyes.
After a flu, a person can feel a weakness, a headache, and fast fatigue for another two to three weeks, after such an infection, such symptoms are not preserved.
Knowledge of how the flu differs from ARVI will help a person to assess their condition and take the necessary measures in time to help quickly get rid of the disease and avoid complications.
What are the symptoms of ARVI should alert
Immediately you need to see a doctor when the temperature rises to 40 ° C or more, which does not get knocked off by antipyretic drugs, in cases of mental disorders, intense headache and the inability to bend the neck, the appearance of rashes on the body, shortness of breath, cough with colored sputum (especially with a trace of blood), prolonged fever, edema.
An appeal to a doctor is also necessary if the symptoms of acute respiratory infections do not disappear after 7-10 days. Symptoms of acute respiratory infections in the child require special attention. If any suspicious symptoms occur, you should immediately seek medical help.
The diagnosis is made by the attending physician after examining the nasopharynx and examining the symptoms. In some cases, complications may require additional research, for example, chest X-ray. This helps to eliminate pneumonia.
A frequent complication of acute respiratory viral infection is the attachment of a bacterial infection, which provokes the development of inflammatory processes: bronchitis, otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia. The disease can be complicated by the attachment of a urinary tract infection, pancreatitis, cholangitis.
If the disease occurs with pronounced intoxication, the result may be the development of convulsive or meningeal syndromes, myocarditis. Possible neurological problems, such as meningitis, neuritis, meningoencephalitis. After the transfer of acute respiratory viral infections, complications can manifest themselves exacerbation of chronic diseases.
In children, a frequent complication is a false cereal.
To minimize the risk of complications, treatment should begin on time, performing all the doctor's prescriptions.
How to treat
The treatment mostly takes place at home. The patient should adhere to the semi-post regimen, observe the milky-vegetable fortified diet, use a lot of fluids to dilute sputum, stimulate sweating, reduce levels toxins.
But in a furious modern pace, few people follow this rule, preferring to tolerate a cold "on their feet and relieve unpleasant symptoms with symptomatic means. The danger of this approach to treatment is that often symptomatic preparations for cold contain phenylephrine - a substance that increases blood pressure and causes the heart to work for wear. In order to avoid complications of colds, you need to choose medicines without components of this kind. For example, "Antigrippin" (better from "Natur-product") is a preparation for cold without phenylephrine, which eliminates unpleasant symptoms of ARVI, without provoking an increase in pressure and without harming the cardiac muscle.
In the treatment of antiviral drugs, drugs to increase immunity, antipyretic, antihistamines, drugs that help to sputum, vitamins. Locally used vasoconstrictor, which prevents the reproduction of the virus on the mucosa of the nasopharynx. Such treatment is important to carry out at the initial stage of the disease.
Preparations for ARVI treatment
In the fight against the causative agent of the disease, antiviral drugs are effective: Remantadin Amizon Arbidol Amiksin.
Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is necessary to reduce body temperature and reduce pain. These drugs include "Paracetamol" Ibuprofen "Panadol". It must be remembered that the temperature below 38 ° C does not get off, because at this temperature the body activates its protective forces.
Antihistamines are needed to reduce signs of inflammation: congestion of the nose, edema of the mucous. It is recommended to take "Loratidin" Fenistila "Zirteka". Unlike first-generation drugs, they do not cause drowsiness.
Nasal drops are necessary to reduce swelling, eliminate nasal congestion. It is worth remembering that it is not possible to use such drops for a long time, since this can provoke the development of chronic rhinitis. Drops are used no more than 7 days, 2-3 times a day. For long-term treatment it is possible to use preparations based on essential oils.
Remedies for sore throat. It is best in this case to help rinse the throat with the use of disinfectant solutions. For these purposes, you can use sage, chamomile. Rinse often, every two hours. Effective use of disinfectant sprays - "Geksoraal" Bioparox etc.
Cough medicines are needed to dilute sputum. This is helped by the use of the "ACC" Mukaltina "Bronholitin" and others. It is important at the same time to drink a lot of fluid, which also contributes to the dilution of phlegm. The remedies that suppress coughing can not be used without prescribing a doctor.
Antibiotics are not used in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, it is necessary only when the bacterial infection is attached.
In addition to medicines, the effective use of physiotherapy, inhalation, massage techniques, foot baths.
Folk remedies are very effective in treating ARVI. This can be a supplement to the basic treatment and helps to cope faster with the disease. You can use the following recipes.
Not bad helps infusion of fruits of viburnum and linden flowers, which must be crushed and mixed. Two tablespoons of the collection should be poured in 500 ml of boiling water, insist for an hour. The obtained infusion is consumed before going to sleep.
The onion and garlic can be cope well with the disease, which you can simply eat. Both in prophylaxis and in treatment it is useful such a remedy: several cloves of garlic and half a teaspoon of juice are consumed after a meal. You can arrange in the room cut onions and garlic and inhale their vapors.
Very effective remedy for honey and lemon juice. To make it, bee honey (100 g) is mixed with the juice of one lemon and diluted with boiled water (800 ml). The product must be drunk throughout the day.
What is the prevention of ARVI in adults and children? To strengthen the defenses of the body you need to temper, lead an active lifestyle, walk in the fresh air, do not disregard rest, avoid stress, and also observe hygiene (wash hands, vegetables, regularly do wet cleaning in room).
Prevention of Orvi in adults requires adherence to the correct diet. The menu should be dominated by natural products. To maintain the intestinal microflora and strengthen the immune system, dairy products are useful. In addition, the diet should be present fiber.
For prophylaxis, you can take antiviral drugs or get vaccinated. Although it is impossible to completely protect yourself with vaccination, as the viruses constantly mutate. Vaccination is recommended for children who attend kindergartens and schools, employees of medical institutions.
In the period of epidemics, it is recommended to limit visits to public places, to strengthen the immunity to take natural remedies or antiviral drugs at the recommended dosage.
If preventive measures have not helped you avoid infection, take care of your recovery, as well as the people around you. Since ARVI is contagious, do not forget to cover your mouth and nose, coughing and sneezing, airing the room, if necessary, wear a gauze bandage. If you follow these measures, the disease will quickly leave your home.
ORVI without temperature in adults: good or bad, how to treat ARI
Most adults associate infectious diseases with high fever.
Typically, a temperature greater than 37 degrees often occurs, as a consequence of the body's struggle with bacterial infection and viruses in ARI.
Doctors advise not to take the pill from the temperature, if it does not exceed 38 degrees. However, often there are SARS and ARI without signs of temperature, it is important to understand why this happens.
As you know, the normal temperature is 3 degrees. Sometimes in adults people can fluctuate up to 37 degrees.
Infection without temperature in most cases suggests the following:
- weakening of the immune system,
- depletion of body reserves,
- infection is introduced because of a decrease in resistance.
Often low indices show that a person does not have a moral or physical rest, and there are also problems with the protective function of the body, which will then be indicated by symptoms.When the immunity function starts to work badly - this is due to the developing infectious disease. For example, if a virus or other microbial infection alternates between adults, then the body does not have time to recover, because it is weakened by the previous pathology.
The sharp outbursts of a new disease (even ARI) often become an excessive burden on the immune system, even for adults, which affects the inadequate reaction of the body's thermoregulatory apparatus.
In some cases, the virus infection is without temperature, if there is dysfunction of the hypothalamus, which is often a case of strong intoxication of the body.
One of several functions of the hypothalamus in adults is the control of thermoregulation in the body. As is known, the hypothalamus is very sensitive to the effects of toxic substances. This department of the brain is responsible for the stability of the internal environment of the body.
During poisoning, which is considered an integral part of ARVI, in adults a temporary malfunction in the functioning of the hypothalamus may occur, which will affect the work of the thermoregulatory system.
Symptoms without a temperature are not specific, so to determine a person's normal temperature is difficult enough without a thermometer.
You can talk about ARVI in adults if there are the following symptoms even without the temperature:
- rhinitis, shortness of breath with nose, mucous discharge,
- soreness of the throat, swelling of the nasopharynx,
- a dry cough that turns into a damp,
- Muscular pain, sensation of aches all over the body.
The majority of acute respiratory infections begin with sore throats, mucous secretions from the nasal cavity and general weakening. Since the temperature is at the usual level or is understated, the person observes:
If in ARD the normal temperature becomes lower (hypothermia), you should consult a doctor.
Cough with SARS without feverFirst you need to understand why there is a cough with ARVI. Cough is a protective reaction of the human body. With the help of a cough reflex, the airways want to get rid of sputum and reduce the irritation of the respiratory organs due to the products of the vital activity of bacteria and viruses.
If cough is present in ARI and ARVI, but there is no temperature, then patients often do not carry out treatment and continue to lead a familiar life.
This situation is dangerous because a person is the source of infection, and the disease itself can flow into a bacterial pathology.
When coughing with influenza increases, it can be a consequence of the spread of inflammation in the lower parts of the respiratory system, which must be urgently treated.
If the temperature does not go up in the future, then this indicates serious problems with the immune system. It can be argued that the body does not struggle with the problem, but the human condition worsens.
It is necessary to consult a doctor to begin treatment immediately, as in adults this condition can be complicated by bronchitis and pneumonia. In addition, the acute process can become chronic, which provokes pharyngolaringitis or protracted bronchitis.
If a person coughs best to consult a doctor regardless of the presence or absence of temperature. It is easier to prevent dangerous complications than to treat them.
Diagnosing ARI without temperature is more difficult than ARI. Elevated temperatures are part of the symptoms of classic viral disease.
If there is no temperature, then these signs of ARVI should be checked:
- when and how the infection manifests symptoms,
- what kind of cough,
- how sputum and mucous fluid are secreted.
It should also be assessed whether there is a negative epidemiological situation in the region, in places of study or work.
To accurately identify the type of pathogen will require laboratory tests that detect viral antigens. In this case, use of the immunofluorescence reaction or the detection of antibodies to viruses.
To clarify the diagnosis and treat the disease, removing the symptoms, it is sometimes necessary to conduct a serological reaction in paired sera, they are withdrawn at the beginning of the disease and in the process of eliminating the disease.
Treatment of acute respiratory infections without temperatureAs mentioned earlier, the absence of temperature in ARVI very often indicates insufficiently strong immune defense.
That is why it is necessary first of all to support immunity, for example, to provide a person with rest, to protect from psychoemotional stresses and additional stress.
Treatment also involves a full diet and recovery of sleep.
If there are severe symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection and general weakness of the body, the treatment involves warming procedures:
- drink a warm drink,
- take hot foot baths,
- wrapped in a warm blanket,
- warm your feet with a warmer and wear warm socks.
Such treatment can be used alone or combined together. You should warmly dress, avoid drafts and regularly ventilate the room so that the infection has less chance of getting into the body.
To maintain and strengthen immunity, it is worth taking adaptogenic drugs, for example, tinctures:
You can take these drugs for a month or two.
For the immune system to function fully, it is important to adequately supply the body with all microelements and vitamins. For normal life of the body it is necessary:
- balanced eating,
- take multivitamin funds.
Symptomatic treatment for ARVI and ARI with normal temperature is characterized by the use of medicines. It is necessary to begin treatment with antiviral drugs no later than on the second day after the onset of a malaise:
- drugs-inhibitors of neuraminidase: Relenza, Tamiflu,
- adamantane series: Remantadine,
- interferon inducers: Cycloferon.
To treat a runny nose follows vasoconstrictive nasal sprays or drops: NOC spray, Naphthysine. When coughing, it is good to take expectorant (mucolytic) remedies: solvine, mucaltin and others.
In addition, if there are alarming symptoms, then you can drink multivitamin funds or ascorbic acid, after consulting with a doctor.
The video in this article with Dr. Komarovsky answers the question about ARVI and the absence of temperature.
ARI: symptoms and treatment in adults, than to treat ARVI
Often, feeling a strong malaise, the patient goes to the clinic or calls the doctor at home.
The doctor, after a careful examination of the patient and clarification of symptoms and complaints, diagnoses a respiratory illness in adults or ARVI.
This definition is not clear to everyone. Therefore, the author of this article will try to explain to the unsophisticated reader the following questions:
- What it is.
- Clinic and signs of ARI in adults.
- Methods of diagnosis of the disease.
- Basic principles of treatment of influenza, ARVI, ARI in adults.
Acute respiratory infection
If a person has caught a cold and an acute respiratory infection develops in his body, the following symptoms of ARI in adults can be observed:
- Pershing and sore throat;
- severe fever and chills;
- weakness in the whole body.
The concept of the problem encompasses a number of diseases, the occurrence of which is provoked by various viruses and bacteria:
- parainfluenza virus;
- influenza A virus
Getting inside the human body, any this virus can provoke ARI in adults.
The main symptoms of acute respiratory diseaseSince the symptoms of most colds (SARS, influenza) are the same, this makes it very difficult to diagnose the disease. After all, in order to assign the right medicine (injections, pills, powders), the doctor must determine the type of infection that "settled" in the body of the patient. However, there are some differences and they need to be known.
Clinic of the flu. Despite the fact that the incubation period of influenza can last for three days, the disease develops rapidly, and its onset is characterized by the following symptoms:
- general deterioration of the condition;
- myalgia and arthralgia;
- a sharp increase in body temperature.
It is noteworthy that the flu very rarely runs without temperature.
Clinic of parainfluenza. The incubation period with this disease is longer, it lasts four days. The first symptoms of the disease are the same as those of the flu or cold:
- Pershing and sore throat;
- runny nose.
The symptomatology of adenovirus infection is very similar to the first signs of pharyngitis, tonsillitis, rhinitis, but sometimes conjunctivitis is added to them. A fever is not necessary, and often the disease proceeds against a background of subfebrile condition.
Clinic of rotavirus infection. The incubation period of gastric or intestinal influenza lasts quite a long time - up to 6 days. The disease begins acutely and has the following first signs:
- nausea and vomiting;
Rotavirus infection in adults is rare.
For respiratory syncytial infection is typical the occurrence of bronchitis or pneumonia, that is, the defeat of the lower respiratory tract. The first signs of pathology:
- general weakness;
- course from the nose;
- paroxysmal painful dry cough.
The coronary virus affects the upper respiratory tract and flows quite heavily. The disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- inflammation of the nasopharynx;
- increased lymph nodes;
- low-grade fever.
ORZ in adults and children has a synonym - ARI (acute respiratory infection). People unrelated to medicine call this disease a cold. Often in connection with the epidemics of influenza you have to hear the abbreviation of ARVI. Some believe that this is another name for the disease, but this is not entirely true.
What is the difference between ARI and ARVI?If the term refers to a broad group of airway pathologies that occur in acute form (usually these diseases cause the virus, bacteria or microbes), ARVI - this concept is more accurate and narrow. When it comes to ARVI, there is no doubt that the virus is the cause of the disease. This is the difference between these two definitions.
Treatment of respiratory disease and ARVI have differences (although not always), so sometimes more accurate diagnosis of the disease, you need to identify the virus. Often, in the process of development of acute respiratory viral infection, the bacterial factor also joins the initial viral infection.
First, for example, the patient is affected by the influenza virus, and only after a few days the disease is complicated by pneumonia or bronchitis.
Diagnosis of acute respiratory infection
As already mentioned above, due to the fact that different respiratory diseases are very similar to each other, doctors sometimes make mistakes when making a diagnosis. Most often, confusion arises:
- with influenza;
- respiratory syncytial infection;
Meanwhile, early diagnosis of the disease is of great importance. It is necessary for the doctor to be able to appoint the right drugs in time (pills, injections, powders), which will prevent the development of complications.
If the patient accurately describes the doctor all the symptoms of the disease, it will greatly help the doctor in setting the right diagnosis and prescribing an effective medication.
Differences of influenza from other types of ARI
Any form of influenza is rarely associated with a cold, but other diseases (especially bacterial origin) occur precisely as a cold disease - after hypothermia.
No less important difference between influenza and other respiratory ailments is that the disease appears most often during the epidemic, while other acute respiratory infections have a year-round activity.
For the flu, there is always a typically acute onset. In order for a person from absolutely healthy to turn into a completely sick person, just two or three hours is enough. The readings of the thermometer quickly reach critical values, at which the patient needs to take antipyretic drugs. Other symptoms of the disease also appear quickly:
- myalgia and arthralgia;
- severe chills;
- soreness of eyeballs;
- absolute weakness and weakness.
For other ARIs, a rapid increase in symptoms is not typical. His peak painful processes reach only two or three days after the onset of the disease.
Even if the patient is familiar with the symptomatology of various ARIs, and he is almost sure of the diagnosis, it is contraindicated to self-medicate. That is, you need to drink only those drugs that the doctor appointed.
How does the infection occur?Bacteria that cause colds and flu get into the human body most often by airborne droplets. What does this mean?
At conversation, and most of all at coughing and sneezing the patient, completely unintentionally, allocates in the air surrounding it a huge quantity of bacteria and viruses. The insidiousness of the ailment lies in the fact that the patient becomes dangerous to others even when the disease itself is latent for him.
A person feels only a slight malaise, which he can write off for fatigue or a bad dream. At the same time he goes to work, communicates with the surrounding people and pretty much endows them with his illness.
Unfortunately pathogens exist not only in the air, they settle on any objects:
- on clothes;
- on the dishes;
- on the handrails and door handles;
- on the money.
For infection, it is enough that microbes will get on the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx and the oral cavity. From there, they already freely and quickly penetrate into the upper respiratory tract, where active reproduction and secretion of toxins into the blood begin. That is why the problem to some extent is always accompanied by intoxication.
For this reason, in those periods when the epidemic is raging, it is not recommended without the need to visit the places of a large crowd of people, and when you come home, you must wash your hands with soap and water. At work, this should also be done very often and always before eating.
While at home you can eat large amounts of onions and garlic. These products are harmful to viruses and bacteria.
How to treat an infection
Before starting to treat the disease (as well as ARVI), the physician should make sure of the accuracy of the diagnosis. If the diagnosis is carried out correctly, treatment of ARI will be much faster and more successful.
However, a large number of people just adore curing colds without consulting a doctor. The reason for this negligent attitude towards one's health is medicines that can be purchased in pharmacies without prescriptions.
The information described in this article is not an excuse for refusing to visit the doctor. It is given to the reader only for the purpose of acquaintance.
So, the disease in the acute phase should be treated first of all by bed rest. If the virus is accompanied by high fever, the patient is advised to drink the following antipyretic drugs:
- Fervex and other antipyretic agents.
A patient with acute respiratory illness should drink as much liquid as possible, since the ailment is almost always accompanied by a general intoxication of the body.
However, you can not drink any drinks, it is best to drink in this situation:
- mors, cooked from cranberry;
- not strong warm tea with milk or lemon;
- mineral water (preferably non-carbonated);
- juices, which are better prepared by yourself, rather than packaged.
Such drugs as Ascorutin help to quickly cure the problem. Ascorutin contains ascorbic acid and rutin. These are not medicines, but vitamins.
Sometimes doctors consider it advisable to prescribe antihistamines (tablets, powders). If the larynx, bronchi or lungs are active inflammatory processes, prescribe broncho-secretolitic drugs:
- Syringe root of althea.
- Lazolvan and other preparations.
If the causative agent of the disease is a virus, antiviral drugs are prescribed:
If a serious bacterial infection has joined the acute respiratory disease, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
With shortness of breath and runny nose, doctors recommend that patients use nasal drops and aerosols:
- The Rhinostop.
Inflamed throat is treated with the use of sprays and sugar candies:
The video in this article details the symptoms of ARI and what has to be dealt with.