Do I need to get a flu shot?
The flu is so dangerous for people that it is on the third place among the most treacherous diseases of our time. Therefore, doctors recommend that you vaccinate to avoid the flu and its complications. Meanwhile, up to 80% of US residents prefer to vaccinate, about 10% of the population of Russia, and in Ukraine - up to 1%. There are a lot of rumors about vaccinations - truthful and not very good. Do I need to get a flu shot?
Who needs flu vaccination?
WHO argues that although everyone is sick with the flu, not everyone needs vaccinations. But there are groups of people who need flu shots. It:
- Children from six months who have not yet acquired immunity to colds and whose immune system is still very weak
- People with chronic diseases of the respiratory system (but not in an acute state and without temperature)
- Those who have immunodeficiency
- People who have crossed the threshold of 50 years
Why is it so difficult to get a flu shot?
In the composition of the influenza virus, there are special antigens, the formula and form of which forms varieties of the same viruses. These varieties, to our regret, change their composition every year, because of what it is quite difficult to find an effective vaccine against the flu.
In order for the vaccine to be developed correctly and, accordingly, it is necessary to rely on the doctors' forecasts regarding the likely changes in the structure of the virus. This is quite difficult, so if the vaccine is not properly selected, you can not guess and not protect the person from the flu completely. The fact is that if scientists have not guessed with the vaccine, then it will not have enough antimatter to withstand the flu. With an incorrectly selected vaccine, its effectiveness is reduced by a factor of three - this explains the inefficiency of vaccinations.
What is the composition of the flu vaccine?
As part of the vaccination against influenza viruses are contained, but not alive, but already killed. These viruses, getting into the human body, increase its immunity and cause it to fight with the infection. Having trained on weak viruses, the body instantly recognizes influenza viruses that get to it from the external environment. And easily copes with them. In this - the essence of the vaccine against the flu.
The vaccine differs from the present influenza virus in that it contains too weak viruses or inactivated viruses (generally without virus content). These are inactivated viruses and can give most complications after the flu. After the vaccination, two weeks pass from the flu, and this is the time when the body fully adapts to this type of flu. Therefore, it is better to vaccinate against influenza not during epidemics, but before their onset - beginning in October.
Pros of vaccination against influenza
Vaccination against influenza helps reduce the incidence of influenza in a rather impressive scale - this is a fact. For example, among the elderly people who were vaccinated against the flu, up to 60% later they are not sick with acute respiratory diseases in general. Vaccination from the flu makes it possible not to ache more than 80% of people of all ages who have been vaccinated. Children who were vaccinated against influenza cease to be ill in more than 92% of cases. Vaccination against influenza also reduces the likelihood of complications by more than a third - one of them is a painful otitis for children.
Cons of vaccination against influenza
There are also side effects of flu vaccination. They are related to:
- Incorrect use of the vaccine (not corresponding to the influenza strain)
- Vaccination in those conditions that are prohibited for vaccinations - pregnancy in the first trimester, high fever, acute disease during vaccination
- A negative reaction to vaccine substances that were not taken into account
Consequences of the negative reaction of the body to the vaccine - weakness of the body, redness at the injection site, fever and flu symptoms in mild form - headache, lethargy and so on. With a normal reaction of the body to the vaccine, these symptoms disappear within two days after the vaccination, and when complications - a person's condition deteriorates sharply after 6-12 hours from the time of vaccination.
It is worth knowing that, in addition to vaccination against influenza, there are other methods of prevention: more abundant drinking with vitamins (decoction of rose hips, sea buckthorn, tea with lemon and honey), wearing an antiviral mask, taking multivitamin preparations to maintain immunity, frequent washing hands. They should be used, because in the cold season, a person loses a lot of vitamins - up to 70% of what is needed!
Therefore, using a vaccine against influenza as the only means is wrong. But you do not need to give it up. Especially if you find yourself on the list of people who need flu shots.
Who does not have a flu vaccine?
There are people who do not get a flu shot, because it can cause a number of complications.
- These are people with chronic diseases of the nervous system
- Those who have problems with the genitourinary system (ureter, bladder, kidneys and so on)
- People suffering from diseases of the endocrine organs (thyroid, adrenal, pituitary)
- Those who have heart failure, and clearly expressed
- People with bronchial asthma
- Patients with blood diseases of any age
- Pregnant women before the third trimester of pregnancy
- Those who have an allergy to chicken protein
Vaccination against influenza, introducing viruses into the body, can cause an adverse reaction even in healthy people who do not suffer from the above contraindications.
Influenza in Figures
Today the flu is a real plague of the century. In terms of complications and mortality, influenza is in third place after cardiovascular diseases and cancer. And the flu together with ARVI occupy 95% of infectious diseases. These viruses each year strike up to 500 million people on the planet. Of these people, up to 2 million people die. To reduce these deaths, scientists recommend vaccination.
Vaccination, according to WHO, should protect people from the flu and prevent complications after the flu, not to mention the mortality, which is significantly reduced. The vaccine works, strengthening primarily the immune system.
But, unfortunately, this protection does not always work. As a minus, it is not always right for physicians to select a vaccine, but as a plus, even if the vaccine does not fully protect against infection with the virus, but it makes it possible to weaken its influence on the body.
More on the influenza virus
The flu virus is far from alone. There are at least three of them - the influenza virus A, B, C - as the first letters in the English alphabet. The most dangerous is considered to be influenza type A, epidemics and pandemics are associated with it. Influenza type B is also not a gift - it causes damage to the body in many people, but affects people more locally. The most mild in its impact is the influenza C virus, although it is undesirable to suffer from none of the three types of influenza.
Whether to put an inoculation against a flu to your child (6 years)?
I the 4th year of refusals I write from an inoculation, simply for the reason that not all children tolerate it well, and that this is not a guarantee of health anyway.
every year I have such doubts-do-not do.. . but so far (fie-fie), carried by, only a mild cold.
strengthen doche immunity -bronchomunal for children, vitamins multitabs immuno-kyds. in turn, the course of that, the course of that. and not when it starts to hurt, but from October somewhere.
now she is 8 years old.
Da ja sovetuju sdelatj privivku tem samim ego organizm virabotaet imunitet i kak pravilo k prostudnim zabolevanijam svjaznim s etim virusom
late! it had to be done in the beginning. September ..
Last year, the elder (4 years) was vaccinated, and the younger (3 years) was sick at that time.
In March there was an epidemic. The senior has had been ill easily and at home, and with younger I laid in hospital ...
I do not see the point in vaccination! I did my four-year-old son, so he did not get out of illness at all, he left the garden for a month and a half for a year.... It seems that the vaccination has undermined immunity ....
Disputes about vaccinations very much. I am a supporter of vaccinations all the same. We make our children and ourselves every year. The vaccination will not protect against the flu as such, it will simply help the child to bear the disease more easily. Since the flu can cause a large number of complications, vaccination, in my opinion, is more preferable. Although there is an opinion that it undermines the immunity of the child. But why not take care in advance to strengthen this very immunity. Give the child vitamins 2 times a year, tempered within reason, I also wash my nose, a very good effect gives, but over time. In any case, the decision is yours.
I do not put my daughter, I never got sick.
need to inoculate. only its effectiveness depends on the collective immunity. If in the kindergarten group 75% of children are vaccinated, then in the group there will be no outbreaks and not even those who were not vaccinated (if they are not infected at home, of course). and if only 1 to 4 people are vaccinated, the vaccinated can get sick. So, that is effective, if in the family and in the team at work (in kindergarten) all are vaccinated.
I agree with Galina, why is it now fashionable to refuse vaccinations - from all ----- more often in response I hear, -because we are not sick, that's not grafted, I will say one, do not over-feed, because most of the children are vaccinated and there is no dribbling infection-be it measles, diphtheria or ep, mumps, that's why it carries, and the flu does I think that it is necessary, because complications are much more terrible than vaccination itself, but all the same the choice is only for you.... your child's health is in your hands and brains ....
I am against this vaccination. After it, many are ill as well, and almost the next day.
we never once set up our own. do not trust. and the flu can not be stolen. mutates faster than our minds come up with a vaccine.. so that flatly rejection
Is it worthwhile to put a flu shot against a child of 3 years old?
In recent days, a lot of questions and answers to this burning issue. Put on the label of the words: HEALTH, PRIVACY, CHILDREN, FLU, KINDERGARTEN. I think you'll find the right answer for yourself.
Assistant to the deputy GD.RF.
it will not be worse.
Consult with a district pediatrician ....
I do not understand the correct answer. But I would refuse to be a child and having the current skill
NO! I did it last year, then I was lying in bed for two weeks with horrible flu, such a strong remission was for this inoculation, that I will never do it again. If the adult organism reacts like that, then what about the child to say, though, each person's reaction is individual.
Consult your pediatrician, for adults, the effectiveness of this vaccination is not used by 30%. Good luck.
from their practice - all the children in the group after that had a full composition from an inoculation, and safely - in time of flu epidemic, except for one child - mine, we do not set habits, but we temper and immunity raise
Totally agree with Dmitry Serkov. Too much is known about cases of reactions to vaccinations, in this case it is appropriate to say infection. I just hear that not only that, after the vaccination, it was very hard, they also fell into the epidemic. So get busy strengthening immunity. If the child belongs to the category of BWA, then go to the site antiparazite.ru
Do I need to get a flu shot or not?
THE RIFLE 174 RUS
this question is purely personal
I once put it and did not want to
certainly!!!! do not even think!!!! who writes against, he either did not put, or considered that he fell ill because of the vaccination, but in fact just a coincidence :))
50 to 50. I am among those who put. last winter the infection has bypassed... :-)
never put and do not intend to
I answer you as a doc. This is a completely useless occupation. moreover, the statistics show zero efektivnosteven where the vaccination is carried out, then simply prohibit therapists and pediatricians put such a diagnosis, therefore, when the apparent incidence of the number of influenza illnesses suddenly increases the number of patients. this is determined by the fact that the flu virus is constantly mutating and it's like catching a car on one street when it can drive 10 neighboring. today is the best and at the same time INORGORIOUS that the prophylaxis is the cream of the virosept NGO Infarma. and even better psycho-prophylaxis because, from the point of view of psychosomatics, influenza and orz is microdepression and if children have hypo or opposite hyperopic from their parents.
You know, there is a lot of information about vaccinations, there is also reliable information. Everyone can study this question and decide for themselves. Are you going to do your health based on advice? It's like asking if I should be operated on an appendix ....
no, do not, just do the flu prevention yourself
Here is the vaccine (vaccine) from the swine flu, which will appear in November, I will certainly do (or put it as they say in some regions)