Treatment of pneumonia in an adult
Diseases of the respiratory system have a high risk for humans. One such common pathology is pneumonia, which causes inflammation of the lung tissue and irreversible changes in it. To avoid oxygen starvation of tissues, the disease must necessarily start on time to treat.
How to treat pneumonia at home in adults
Pneumonia often has a viral nature, but even in other cases, it is joined by bacterial infection, so adults are required to perform antibiotic therapy, appointing 1-2 drugs Simultaneously. The treatment standards take into account several factors:
- type of pneumonia;
- volume of damage to lung tissue;
- state of health and age of the patient;
- concomitant diseases of the heart, kidneys or lungs.
Adults prescribe antibiotics for pneumonia, taking into account their age, and even with negligible the effectiveness of a single drug does not change it within 3 days or until a sputum test is decoded patient. For the treatment of pneumonia use modern popular drugs under the names:
- Ceftriaxone. As a form of release, white powders are used for the preparation of injections. The course of treatment of pneumonia is determined by the doctor depending on the degree of severity. For an adult, the dose is 1-2 g daily. A solution for injections is prepared from 500 mg of the drug and 2 ml of a 1% solution of lidocaine, and for the droppers 5 ml of sterile water are used. The price is from 25 rubles, it is sold by prescription.
- Sephpotek. Antibiotic, also allowed a child with 12 years. Effective in the treatment of pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections. Adults need to take 200 mg - 1 tablet, with an interval of 12 hours. End the course of treatment is necessary in 2 weeks. Price from 120 rub.
- Sumamed. In addition to tablets, it is available as a powder or lyophilizate. It is indicated for infectious and inflammatory diseases, including respiratory tract. From pneumonia, you need to take 500 mg of the drug per day treatment course, equal to 3 days. The price from 520 r.
Folk treatment of pneumonia in adults is effective in combination with taking medications if therapy is done at home. To do this, you can use the following recipes:
- Decoction of raisins. Rinse, art. Dark raisins, pass it through the meat grinder. Gulf a glass of boiling water, soak under the lid for about 10 minutes. To treat inflammation of the lungs with such a decoction it is necessary, drinking on, art. daily.
- "Milk" milk. Prepare 3 dried white figs. Heat the milk, pour the fruit, cook over a small fire for about half an hour. To treat pneumonia, drink 2 glasses a day until symptoms improve.
- Nastoy on the nuts. Take 500 ml of dry red wine. Fill them with 50 g of peeled nuts. Strew the remedy on a low heat for about a quarter of an hour. Eat 1 tbsp each. before each meal.
To begin with, it is recommended that you change your position frequently in bed and do not lie on your side, which hurts. After 3-4 days, when the acute period of the disease is already behind, you can begin respiratory gymnastics, for which you lie on your back and put your hands on your stomach. You need to exhale after a deep breath, but do it slowly, straining your abdominal muscles. Approaches should be at least 5 per day, each of which includes 15 reps. It is recommended to use LFK and for the prevention of pneumonia.
Features of treatment of pneumonia
Treatment of pneumonia in an adult depends on many factors, the first of which is the type of this disease. Therapy for the elderly is mandatory in the hospital, otherwise the decision is made by the doctor. The algorithm of treatment consists of several stages. First pneumonia is diagnosed, then the focus of inflammation is eliminated with antibiotics. Next, additional medications are prescribed for the remaining signs of the disease.
In adults this form arises more often than others and is divided into right-sided and left-sided. A particular species is bilateral, when lesions are present in both lungs. Treatment of pneumonia in an adult is carried out permanently with the use of antibiotics, physiotherapy, inhalations and elimination of allergic reactions. With a one-sided or bilateral form, you need to ensure the correct position of the patient - semi-sitting to improve the performance of the lungs.
Viruses, bacteria or fungi and parasites lead to the viral form. The first two days for the treatment of pneumonia for an adult are prescribed to take antiviral drugs, such as Tamiflu or Ingavirin in the influenza nature and Acyclovir in the causative agent causing varicella. In addition to these medicines, the patient is prescribed antipyretic, analgesic and cough suppressants that help to sputum. Antibiotics are prescribed only with the addition of bacterial infection.
This type of pneumonia is also called focal. It develops against the background of bronchitis, therefore it is especially dangerous due to its consequences - pleuropneumonia, abscess and even gangrene, therefore the methods of treatment are chosen only by a doctor. Antibiotics become mandatory in therapy, and they are chosen according to the degree of influence on the intestinal microflora. Ecoantibiotics are often used. In addition, adults are treated with drugs that dilute, excrete phlegm and restore the immune system.
The most serious of all is the atypical form, because it is caused by atypical pathogens and often there is such pneumonia in an adult without temperature. The insidious disease is also due to the fact that it has a latent period when the symptoms are practically absent. Antibiotics are often unable to cope with the manifestations of this type of pneumonia, so an adult is prescribed immunoglobulins and special procedures for sucking out fluid in the lungs. Treatment is complemented by a complex of vitamins and antipyretic.
Another complex form of pneumonia is the radical one. It is difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms are similar to tuberculosis and central lung cancer. Drugs for treatment are prescribed immediately after diagnosis, with several drugs at the same time, that the condition was relieved in 2-3 days and the patient could be prescribed heating and exercise therapy.
Treatment of pneumonia in the hospital
Indications for hospitalization are deterioration of the patient's condition or inability to apply the necessary drugs at home. With timely treatment, relief comes in 2-4 days, but possible complications increase the duration of stay in the hospital to 10 days, and often up to 4 weeks. The patient is given injections or drips with antibiotics, then physiological saline is injected in the same way to detoxify the body. In combination with these drugs, adults are prescribed expectorant and antipyretic agents.
How much is pneumonia treated?
Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in adults is done at home and takes 7 to 10 days. It adds a period for the restoration of the body, which can take from 1 to several months. The same amount can be used to fight chronic pneumonia. The duration of treatment depends on the timeliness of therapy. In addition, the effectiveness of the selected drugs is also important. Inpatient therapy has an average duration of 9-10 days with severe form. Stagnant pneumonia can be cured in 20-25 days.
Video about respiratory gymnastics with pneumonia
How to treat pneumonia?
Hello. I'm sorry, but I did not understand if you consulted your doctor or made a diagnosis yourself. Pneumonia, or as it is called - pneumonia, is the infection of one or both of the lungs, which is usually caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Symptomatic of pneumonia is quite diverse. In recent years, the asymptomatic course of pneumonia is becoming more common, during a person's illness there is no fever, a cough, sputum does not go away. Such pneumonia is treated with delay, so it is dangerous for a large number of complications. The main symptoms of pneumonia include the following symptoms: fever, in the range of 37 to 3 degrees, respiratory distress and separation of sputum, chills, cough. Sometimes there are bloody discharge that go away in the form of veins of blood, structured in sputum. Also, a typical symptom is chest pain when trying to take a deep breath, usually the pain develops in the place where the main focus of inflammation is. Especially often, painful sensations appear in the pleural form of pneumonia. For proper treatment it is necessary to consult a doctor and urgently, only a specialist pulmonologist can appoint you competent treatment and follow the dynamics (development) of the disease or even hospitalize. Very often, antibiotics of the second and third generations are used in therapy: cephalosporin, amoxicillin, clavulanate, levofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole. With slowly developing pneumonia, it is recommended to use sulfur-containing antibiotics. In the treatment of pneumonia caused by adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, influenza and parainfluenza viruses, antibiotics often do not give the proper therapeutic effect. In such cases, antiviral drugs are necessarily added to them. In fungal forms of inflammation of the respiratory organs (histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, aspergillosis and cryptococcosis) it is mandatory to use drugs acting locally for each species of fungus. In addition, in the treatment of compulsory adherence to a special diet (you can get acquainted with it on this one. In addition, during treatment it is mandatory to adhere to a special diet. Therefore, I hope you will act reasonably and in a positive mood, contact your therapist without delaying the treatment, so that there will be no complications later. Sincerely, Julia.
urgently to the doctor
If you can not "clear your throat" - expectorating, expectorant drugs in the pharmacy.
These are drugs such as bromhexine, ambroxol, ambroben, broncholitin, ATSTS, etc.
At home, alkaline drink will help clear your throat. Fill a glass of warm-hot water, not hot, so as not to irritate the throat. There 1/4 vat. spoons of soda. It will help. And tomorrow, go to the pharmacy for medicine, because a lot of soda - is harmful to the stomach. Instead of water, a glass of milk is very good. Herbs of herbs are thyme, linden, sage. Abundant drink, - tea with raspberry jam, lemon, honey.
In addition, rubbing and wrapping the back and front of the chest will help.
Massage with any massage aids. If only to achieve during the grinding effect of heat, which will help maintain wrapping after the massage. Best badger fat, different balms, but suitable and improvised means. You can independently rub your chest in front - the sternum, the area under the collarbone, neck, shoulders, ribs. And back, as far as you can reach it yourself. Movement is useful to you, too, the drainage effect and excretion of mucus from the bronchi. You have a cold. Heal, recover, health!
(And pneumonia is treated only in a hospital. Antibiotic therapy is prescribed, treatment aimed at improving the drainage function of the bronchi - coughing, expectorating cough, restorative therapy, physiotherapy after recovery. The criterion of pneumonia is a high, persistent temperature.)
Folk cough and bronchitis treatment at home.
It is recommended to drink plenty of hot infusions of raspberry, lime blossom, black elder flowers or sweatshops. For moderate sweating the following dues were prescribed:
1. Chamomile flowers pharmacy -30 g, blackberry flowers -30 g, lime -25 g, peppermint leaves -25 g. 1 tablespoon of the mixture to brew for 1 cup of boiling water, drain. Infusion from this collection is taken in hot form for 2-3 glasses a day. To calm the paroxysmal coughing, steam inhalations are made from the infusion of pine buds and this infusion is used by 1/4 stakaya-3 times a day.
2. Mother-and-stepmother (leaves) -5 g, black elderberry (flowers) -5 g, sporish (grass) -5 g. This mixture brew 1 glass of boiling water, insist for an hour, strain, drink 3 times a day for bronchitis, pneumonia.
3. Fruits of raspberry -2 parts, leaves of mother-and-stepmother-2 parts, herb of oregano -1 part. Two tablespoons of the mixture brewed with two glasses of boiling water, boil filtered through gauze and drink the broth hot
4. Willow bark 1 part, anise fruits -1 part, mother-and-ma Czechs -1 part, linden flowers 1 part, fruit part. A tablespoon of the mixture to brew with two glasses of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, strain through gauze and drink the broth hot 3 times a day as tea. Has a mild and diaphoretic effect.
5. Willow bark -2 parts, leaves of mother-and-stepmother-2 parts, herb oregano 1 part. Two tablespoons of the mixture to brew with two glasses of boiling water, to insist 20 minutes, strain through gauze and drink the broth hot for half a glass or 1 glass 3 times a day. Has a strong diaphoretic effect.
6. Chamomile pharmacy (flowers) 1 part, oregano (grass) 1 part. Two teaspoons of the mixture to brew in a glass of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, strain, cool, take 1 glass in the morning and evening as a carminative.
7. Kidney buds -1 part, plantain (leaves) 1 part, mother-and-stepmother (leaves) 1 part. Two teaspoons of the mixture to insist 2 hours in a glass of cold water, boil for 5 minutes, strain, take 1 glass during the day for three meals. It is used for bronchial asthma, pertussis, tracheobronchitis.
Antibiotics, physio procedures, warm abundant drink, expectorant drugs such as lazolvan and other, vitamin complex.
Pneumonia of the lungs. The folk remedy is honey lime, aloe, olive oil, birch buds, linden flowers:
honey lime 1 kg, aloe leaves 200 g., olive oil 200 g., birch buds 150 g., linden flowers 50 g. Birch buds and linden color brew separately in, l of water, boil for 1-2 minutes strain. Broth pour into a mixture of honey with finely chopped aloe leaves and add olive oil. Take under Art. spoon 3 times a day; Shake before use.
Means from honey and aloe from pneumonia:
300 gr. honey, 1/2 cup water and a sheet of finely chopped aloe, cook over low heat for 2 hours, cool, stir. Take under Art. spoon 3 times a day.
Garlic oil - treatment of pneumonia:
grate garlic on grater with salt and grill with fresh butter (100 gr. oils of 5 large cloves of garlic). Spread the garlic oil on the bread or add to the food.
Treatment scheme for pneumonia. Vodka with garlic. :
take 10 garlic cloves, finely chop, pour 1 liter of vodka, insist 8 days in a warm place. Take 1/2 teaspoon of spoon 3 times a day.
Eastad the Siberian. Course of treatment of pneumonia. :
8-10 gr. crushed roots of Siberian wasteland on a glass of water. Insist, drink during the day.
Methods of treatment of pneumonia - lungwort and beer:
2 tbsp. spoons of crushed leaves of the lungwort on 1 liter of beer. Add 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey and all this boil up to a half of the original volume. Take 1-2 hours. spoon 3 times a day before meals, washing down with water.
Treatment of pneumonia in the home. Herbal preparations. :
- Herbage of a lungwort, a plantain of a large, sage medicinal, an umbrella of an umbelliferous, an Artemisia vulgaris - equally. One st. Spoon the mixture into a glass of boiling water. Add 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey, cook, strain and add to the original volume (1 glass). Drink 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day before meals.
- grass sporisha, leaves of mother-and-stepmother, elderberry flowers - for 1 hour. spoon. Brew the mixture with a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes. Drink 1/2 cup 4 times a day for 30 minutes before meals.
- Grass grass, anise fruits, dill fruits, pine buds, herb thyme, licorice root (crushed) - equally. 4 hours Spoon mixture pour, a glass of cold water, leave for 2 hours, bring to a boil, boil for 2-3 minutes, cool, drain. Drink 1/2 cup 3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals.
Effective treatment of pneumonia. Lemons, eggs, honey, cognac. :
take 10 lemons, 6 eggs (fresh), 300 gr. honey and 1/2 glasses of cognac. Eggs put in a jar and pour fresh lemon juice. Cover the jar with gauze and refrigerate until the eggshell dissolves (days 6-8). Periodically remove mold. Preheat honey to the state of fluidity, cool and add to it a mixture of eggs and lemon juice, then pour in brandy. Take a dessert spoon 3 times a day right after eating.
How to cure pneumonia with honey and birch buds:
with fine-focal bilateral pneumonia: take 750 gr. honey and half a 100-gram cup of birch buds (sold in a pharmacy). Honey put on a water bath. How to boil honey, put the kidneys, boil for 5-7 minutes, then recline on the sieve (remove the kidneys). Dilute with water, water 1 time per day at night. 1 teaspoon of honey stir in as much hot water as the patient will drink.
The folk way of treating pneumonia is an egg-oil-honey-alcohol mixture with juices:
1 cup carrot juice
1 glass of beet juice
1 cup of honey
1 glass of alcohol
1 glass of butter unsalted
3 eggshell eggs without shell
all mix and put in a dark place for 11 days. Drink 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals.
Honey-mustard cake from the inflammation of the leeks:
1 tbsp. spoon of dry mustard powder
1 tbsp. a spoonful of flour
1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey
1 tbsp. spoon is growing
MUZ CRH Borisoglebsky
the inflammation of the lungs in your case without temperature does not happen. Hot milk with honey, you can drink bromhexine. but it's better to show the therapist
15-year-old is a young age in which a neglected course of pneumonia can lead to tuberculosis. Address to the doctor. Let him observe you and prescribe an individual treatment.
Here you will not be helped by this fact.
Just pomu that you need to see your tests!
You need to go to the doctor, the inflammation is dangerous, look so that you do not get asthma!
I was once helped by "lincomycin capsules 250 mg."
abruptly leaves sputum pine buds thyme
How to treat pneumonia in the home
How are pneumonia treated at home and what is the disease? Pneumonia in the people is called pneumonia. This is an infectious disease of the respiratory tract, which is caused by staphylococci, streptococci and a hemophilic rod. Most often, pneumonia occurs with weak immunity and in the off-season.
Light forms of pneumonia can be cured at home, but nevertheless it is necessary to adhere to the doctor's recommendations. But you should be aware that complications can occur in severe disease.
How does the infection occur?
The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. Disease-causing microorganisms penetrate the body if they contact the patient. They fall with the flow of air into the lungs, and from them into the blood. If a person already has a cold, suffers from diabetes, consumes alcohol or smokes, then he is more likely to develop pneumonia. In rare cases, it may cause a stagnant fluid, which is formed due to prolonged stay in a horizontal position.
Symptoms of pneumonia:
- Shortness of breath, it's hard to breathe in.
- Pain in chest and back.
- General weakness.
- Increased sweating at night.
- Confusion of consciousness.
- Pain in the joints and muscles.
- Increased temperature.
Symptoms can manifest to a greater or lesser extent, so you need to see a doctor to confirm or deny the assumption of the disease.
The incubation periodThe duration of the incubation period varies from 1-3 days to 1-2 weeks. It all depends on which pathogen it is caused.
Infection can occur if:
- There are violations of immunity, for example, AIDS.
- When inhomogeneous particles enter the person's airways.
- Caused by chlamydia, etc.
- With mechanical ventilation of the lungs.
- When organ transplantation.
- Do they who give birth in shelters.
- Those who undergo blood purification.
- If the wounds at home are improperly treated.
The severity of the disease is determined only by the attending physician in the study of pulmonary tissues and the general condition of the respiratory tract.
Causes of occurrence:
- General hypothermia of the body.
- Concomitant diseases.
- Elderly age.
- Impairment of immunity.
- Acceptance of antibiotics.
- Medicines against phlegm.
- Immunomodulating drugs.
- Surgical intervention is possible.
Anyone can get pneumonia regardless of his age and living conditions. But some people have a higher probability of infection. This category includes the elderly, who must closely monitor their health.
As a rule, it is better to treat pneumonia in a hospital setting. If this is not possible, then the bed rest should be observed at home.The food should be full, the room is always ventilated and clean.You can not physically and mentally strain, you do not need to tire yourself and in no case can not bear the disease on your feet. Even after pneumonia is cured, you need to wait 10-15 weeks for the body to recover, only then you can go back to sports and lead an active lifestyle.
Pneumonia causes a worsening of appetite, but you need to eat at least a small portion, so that the body is not depleted. It is necessary to drink a sufficient amount of water, because the ailment comes out after a profuse sweating.If respiratory failure occurs, oxygen inhalation should be performed.
If treatment is carried out at home, then it is necessary to monitor the adoption of medications. Some of them are administered intramuscularly, and some can be taken orally, it all depends on the severity of the disease.
Treatment of pneumonia is carried out for 6-11 days, if there is no improvement in health status, then the antibiotic is changed to more effective.
The ailment provokes intoxication of the body, so it is necessary to drink medicines that remove toxins from the body. To cure pneumonia, one should eat well and consume more vitamins to improve immunity.
With fever and fever, which can last for more than one week after the onset of inflammation, it is necessary to use antipyretic drugs.
With a strong cough, expectorating syrups are prescribed. Treatment includes the use of antihistamines to exclude allergic reactions.
It is necessary to carry out the procedures until the X-ray shows complete recovery.
What is dangerous for pneumonia and predictions for the course of the disease?Disease can be complicated and affect other systems of organs. The disease can cause inflammation of the pleura. It can be purulent and is characterized by shortness of breath and attacks of severe suffocation.
The destruction of the lungs is due to a decrease in immunity with a long course of the disease. This purulent inflammation of the lung tissue can lead to gangrene. Pneumonia can cause myocarditis, pulmonary or heart failure, toxic shock and other.
It all depends on the age of the patient and the stage of the disease. In the normal course of the disease, complete recovery of the lung tissue is possible.
Can I use a diet to treat an illness?
The main feature of the menu for pneumonia is that food should be easily digested. This is due to the highest energy costs of the immune system.
In no case should you force yourself to eat without any appetite. Eat fruits that are rich in vitamins and nutrients. You can eat chicken broths and vegetable soups. At all stages of healing, one should drink a lot of water to "dilute" the toxins in the blood and remove them from the body. Useful tea with raspberries, water with a soda dissolved in it.
Despite the fact that doctors treat the disease in a hospital, competent therapy for the disease can be carried out at home. But at the same time one bed rest is not enough, it is necessary to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor. With pneumonia, you can not joke, because doctors and send patients to pulmonary hospitals.
Traditional medicine in the fight against the disease
Healing of pneumonia with folk remedies can be when the doctor has determined the course of treatment and the type of disease.
Folk remedies are auxiliary to the drug treatment prescribed by the doctor.In no case can not be treated at home without the advice of a doctor. On his part, regular monitoring of the patient's health is necessary.
Treatment with folk remedies:
- Garlic is a good tool in fighting pneumonia. Take 250 grams, make a gruel out of it, place it in a container and cover it with a lid to stand for 20 minutes. Then open, take 100 g of the juiciest mass of garlic and pour into it a liter of cahors. Leave the mixture for 14 days, then pass through the cheesecloth and put it in a glass container. So it can keep its properties for a long time in the refrigerator. The mixture should rub the breast.
- Take a huge bulb, squeeze out the juice from it, add honey in the same proportions. Drinking the medicine is necessary 3 times a day for 1 hour. l. 20 minutes before eating.
- Cut the onion and cook it in 300 g of milk, cover with a clean cloth boiled milk in a bowl and let it steep for 3 hours. Further strain the composition and pour the liquid into a glass container, so it will be kept longer (store only in the refrigerator). Use after 3 hours for 1 tbsp. l.
- Garlic - this is an effective tool in the fight against various ailments, but children refuse to use it. How to be? Take 1 hour. l. without a hill of herbal collection from the root of the althaea, pine buds, anise fruits, sage leaves and licorice root (they are in free access and they can be bought in any pharmacy), pour 300 ml of liquid, let it brew for 15 minutes and strain infusion through gauze. Take 300 g of infusion 1 time in 2 hours.
- 5 hours l. herbal collection containing hoof root, thyme, fennel, pine buds, anise, licorice root, pour a glass of water at room temperature, allow to stand for a couple of hours and boil. Cool, strain through gauze, drink for several meals per day.
- Gorciniks with pneumonia are an effective remedy. Along with ordinary mustard plasters, those that are sold in the pharmacy, it is allowed to use similar ones, but made of garlic. Chop garlic. On the chest and back, apply gauze, soaked with sunflower oil, put garlic pulp on them. The procedure time is 10 minutes, so as not to burn the skin.
- With pneumonia, inhalations will also help, for example, using fir oil (5 drops per large container of water).
- Very useful massage of the back and chest with the use of essential oils or mashed garlic.
Methods of prevention do not differ from such measures in any colds. It is necessary to wash hands thoroughly with soap before eating and after coming from the street. It is necessary to constantly maintain immunity, take vitamin complexes, do wellness procedures, walk in the fresh air, but do not overcool..
It is necessary to try to quit smoking, because this increases the risk of getting sick many and many times. In the spring and autumn, doctors are advised to wear medical gauze bandages to protect themselves from infection with influenza, which lowers the immunity of a person.
Than to treat a pneumonia in house conditions?
At home, you can only aggravate this disease. Or translate into a chronic form. In any case, a set to take an analysis, in order to know what drugs to prick
Still I will add: in the Middle Ages pneumonia was considered an incurable disease (consumption). The situation was corrected only at the end of the 19th century or at the beginning of the 20th century, when penicillin was invented. So, think about it.
and that we have all the hospitals closed? there were actually deaths from self-treatment, besides it is contagious.
to treat - NO! the doctor must appoint everything. but at the same time you can inflate the balls to improve lung ventilation. inhalation (mouth-nose) do. self-treatment is dangerous !!
Definitely only the doctor will prescribe the treatment. And this is necessary - antibiotics + folk remedies.
fool are you?? pneumonia is treated with antibiotics, which are selected individually, it is necessary to take tests and so on... how are you going to realize it at home... from pneumonia and you can die
I think all the same it is necessary to address to doctors. This disease is very serious. Get well.
This is the true death of the house... But having bought or purchased, that the doctor will advise it is possible to not die... Ampicilin buy it from pneumonia and help and drink crushed cranberries... with sugar ..
Eeeeeeeeee pneumonia to treat at home CAN only a doctor. This is very SERIOUS.Nekhodimo do x-rays and prescribe antibiotics (Summed). Write to the agent. PHYSIOTHERAPY is possible only at the stage of resolution (RECOVERY) .Peep the pneumonia know well.
What do you mean? Pneumonia is treated only with antibiotics, and not weak (depending on the stage of the disease). Here you need not only pills and injections, but also warming up (physiotherapy) and much more.
Do not even think about it! Sore is very serious - run to the doctor!
Antibiotics - it is better to consult a doctor
Required! expectorants. Read the annotation - not all expectorants are combined with all antibiotics.
It is better to sit than lie - lying cough is worse. Take a few pillows.
It's not true that in the hospital with all this is better - especially with fresh air and a bunch of pillows.
It's not true that pneumonia is contagious.
True, this is a very serious disease. And to treat it without antibiotics is not worth it. Yes, in the century before last they were being treated - but mortality was higher, and ecology, sorry, is better.
And in the next two years from any cold, relapse may occur.
Take care of yourself, you are treated.
upd for the responders - consumption, citizens, this is tuberculosis. Do not confuse, these are completely different things.
Yes! And more: with antibiotics it is necessary to drink vitamins, this time.
And it is desirable - antihistamines and nystatin - to neutralize possible allergic reactions and fungal diseases.
At home, NOTHING AND ANYBODY! Well if you want more serious complications, certainly treat. A joke of course, but it's better not to risk - your health after all, you can not buy another one! Get right!
Personal Cabinet Removed
Th prideradeshsya... for you a firefighter can and a bug, but for the rest - a man
Pneumonia in adults treatment and symptoms | How to treat pneumonia in an adult
It is an infectious disease in which the infiltration occurs in the lung parenchyma. Pneumonia captures lung tissue and proceeds when harmful bacteria and microorganisms enter the body. There are a number of main factors that directly affect the development of the disease in adults: alcohol, smoking, chronic diseases of the nasopharynx and lungs.Yandex. Direct
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Symptoms of developing pneumonia in adults
This disease in the people is called simply - pneumonia. This is a fairly common and dangerous disease, which has severe consequences for the body and sometimes for a person's life.
Symptoms of pneumonia at the initial stage can be misleading to any doctor. Often there are cases when a doctor makes a false diagnosis and after a couple of days changes his mind.
The first sign of the disease is a cough, which is wet and dry, at the beginning of the disease only dry. When you cough, there are sharp pains in the chest area, and this is already alarming, pneumonia is more likely to begin, and you need to urgently tackle the illness.
When rusty sputum appears, this indicates that the patient has croupous pneumonia. When there is blood sputum, you need to act immediately. To be engaged in a selftreatment in that case is contraindicated, as blood allocation appears, when the disease is caused by Friedlander's wand. To localize the rod, you need to take more serious methods of treatment.
Such bacteria as streptococci, cause purulent sputum, with a characteristic unpleasant smell of sputum is very important to know that there are purulent foci and the disease begins to progress. When a patient has severe pain in his side, it is a lung infarction, a sign of hemoptysis. Another symptom of the disease in adults is often chest pain, with a deep inspiration or a fit of coughing manifests itself at full strength. When a patient feels a sharp lack of air - this is a sign of shortness of breath. In some cases, with the disease, the temperature rises to 40 degrees, sometimes adheres to 3 degrees, and the patient feels a certain malaise, lethargy, chills. Sometimes there is vomiting and a decrease in appetite.
The main syndromes of pneumonia:
1. compaction of lung tissue,
3. general inflammatory,
6. bronchial discretion,
8. respiratory insufficiency.
Types of pneumonia in an adult and its manifestation
The source of infection is most often the bacteria, but sometimes there is a viral form of pneumonia. According to the nature of the current, acute and chronic pneumonia is distinguished. If the infection penetrates into the pulmonary lobes, then this disease is called lobar pneumonia, while bronchopneumonia is an inflammation of the smaller airways within the lung.
Pneumonia in an adult is divided into several types, which contributes to a different approach to treatment:
1. Non-hospital form of the disease, which occurs in an adult person outside the hospital walls.
2. Nosomial or hospital (hospital) - developing for 48 hours in connection with the stay of an adult at the hospital.
3. Aspiration - which is associated with the inhalation of foreign masses into the lungs (vomiting after surgery, loss of consciousness, facial trauma, nasopharynx).
4. Pneumonia associated with human immunodeficiency (HIV-infected, oncological, drug-dependent, diabetic).
Stages of pneumonia in the adult and their symptoms
Pneumonia is divided into three stages according to the severity of the disease. Symptoms of the disease at each stage are different.
1. an easy stage in which mild intoxication, fever, tachycardia, dyspnea;
2. for the average stage of pneumonia in adults characterized by signs of weakness, dry or wet cough, moderately severe intoxication;
3. with pneumonia of severe severity, there is an increase in temperature to 40 degrees, turbidity, shortness of breath, tachycardia more than 100 beats per minute.
When pneumonia is in the tidal stage, the deterioration of health in the form of chills, headaches, fever, dry cough, dyspnea, acute pain in the chest area is noted. By the end of the tidal phase, there is a cough with the release of "rusty" sputum and herpes.
When the disease is at the stage of densification, during coughing sputum with purulent sputum is discharged, dyspnea increases, severe pain in the chest with a fit of cough and inspiration, high body temperature, also observe nervous excitement and icterism sclera.
When the disease is at the final stage of resolution, then normalize the temperature, chest pain and shortness of breath pass, sputum is not significant, improve your well-being.
How to treat traditional methods of pneumonia in an adult?
Treatment of the disease is prescribed when the diagnosis is clearly established. And only after this, a qualified treatment is prescribed. The first step (in treatment) is to remove focal inflammation. In this case, prescribe a course of antibiotics. The second step is to lower the temperature of the body, relieve the exacerbation of cough and organize care for the sick person. Recall that pneumonia, a serious disease. To reduce the elevated body temperature (if above 39 degrees), prescribe antipyretic drugs. Assign mucolytic agents for better separation of sputum. Particular attention should be paid to general toxication manifestations, the output of sputum, the disappearance of infiltrates. It is necessary to conduct an X-ray examination while establishing the inflammatory process. In medical practice, there are pneumonia with a changed immunological reactivity, especially in military hospitals. Pneumonia in adults is characterized by an atypical onset and presents certain difficulties in treatment, since the body does not respond to pathogens.
Treatment of a disease of a mean and severe course is carried out in a hospital. Assign easily digestible, high-calorie diet with a high content of proteins and vitamins. Preferred ward mode.
How to treat pneumonia in a hospital?
A person who has contracted pneumonia often needs inpatient treatment. In this case, the doctor prescribes strong painkillers to relieve pain that occurs in the chest area during breathing and coughing or as a result of pleurisy. Physiotherapy procedures are designed to facilitate the allocation of sputum, which often has a rusty color.
If the patient is hospitalized, he is prescribed treatment in the form of intravenous infusion of antibiotics (droppers), so in this case a strict dosage is maintained. Oxygen can also be prescribed, either through a special mask or through thin hollow tubes inserted into the nostrils. This facilitates breathing and provides sufficient supply of all body tissues with oxygen. In addition, there is a regular record of the temperature and pulse rate of the patient.
When the acute form of the disease is under constant control, antibiotics can be taken in the form of tablets. It is very important to ensure that the course of treatment of pneumonia is carried out to the end, in order to prevent the occurrence of possible complications.
Also, a regular examination of his breathing is performed and all improvements and deterioration of this process are accurately recorded. With the help of a blood test, the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide present in it is determined, as well as the presence of bacteria in the body of the patient that caused pneumonia.
What drugs cure pneumonia?
When a symptom of pneumonia is detected, treatment is usually directed to the localization of the inflammatory process of the disease. Apply eryiotropic treatment, in which first of all antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are appointed. After receiving laboratory tests (seeding on flora and sensitivity), correction of pneumonia treatment is performed.
Pathogenic treatment consists in improving the sputum production from the bronchial tree by reception mucolytics Bromheksin, Mukaltina, ATSTS) and bronchodilators (Berodual, Atrovent, Teopek, Eufillin). After the course of treatment of pneumonia, breathing improves, the infection is localized.
Symptomatic therapy includes antipyretic drugs. In the absence of contraindications, prescribe breathing exercises and physiotherapy.
Antibiotic therapy is carried out taking into account the results of microscopic studies. If sowing and microscopy are not performed or are non-indicative, antibiotic therapy is selected based on the patient's age, epidemiological factors and the severity of the disease. Treatment of pneumonia should be carried out in accordance with the concept of "stepwise therapy in which a two-stage application is proposed antibacterial drugs: the transition from the parenteral to the non-parenteral route (usually oral) antibiotics as soon as possible (under normal temperature, positive clinical, laboratory and X-ray dynamics).
In case of viral pneumonia (influenza viruses A, B), the drugs of choice are zanamivir, oseltamivir (therapy should begin no later than 48 hours after the onset of symptoms). Alternative drugs for influenza A - Remantadine or Amantadine. For community-acquired pneumonia, the drug of choice is Azithromycin (Clarithromycin). Fluoroquinolones (Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin) are used orally. Alternative drugs are second-generation cephalosporins or "protected" penicillins (Amoxicillin Clavulanate or Doxycycline). Finally, for community-acquired hospitalized pneumonia, the drugs of choice are fluoroquinolones (Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin), which are administered parenterally.
Cephalosporins of the third generation (Ceftriaxone, cefoperazone) are administered intravenously, in especially severe cases The parenteral use of carbapenems (meronem) or cephalosporins of the fourth generation (Cefepime).
In patients with "atypical" (including Legionella pneumonia) pneumonia, the use of antibiotics in the macrolide group is indicated. For the treatment of pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeroginosa, combined antibacterial therapy ("protected" penicillins, Tazocym and Gentamicin, Fluoroquinolone and Carbapenem, or the fourth generation Cephalosporin with an antibiotic from another group to which Pseudomonas is sensitive aeroginosa). Improvements in the elimination of secretions from the lower respiratory tract are achieved with the help of physiotherapeutic procedures and by the appointment of mucolytic drugs. Derivatives of carbocysteine normalize the rheological properties of the secretion, its viscosity and elasticity, secretory function of glandular cells of the respiratory tract, the ratio of sialomucins and fucomycins, accelerate mucociliary transport.
Derivatives of bromhexine improve the drainage function of the lungs, increase the secretion of glycoproteins (mukokinetic effect), increase the motor activity of the cilia of the ciliated epithelium, stimulate the synthesis of surfactant and prevent its decay.
Disintoxication therapy: abundant warm drink, if necessary - intravenous fluid (polarizing solution, Hemodeza). Symptomatic therapy:
1. antipyretic drugs;
2. drugs that suppress the irritant cough (antitussive), bronchodilator, antihistamines;
3. means, modulating the general and local immunity,
4. vitamins of group B, ascorbic acid,
5. analgesics for pain.
In the treatment of severe or complicated cases of pneumonia, correction of microcirculatory disorders and dysproteinemia, oxygen therapy, glucocorticoid, antioxidant therapy, etc. depending on the clinical course of the disease.
Until now, Ampicillin in combination with Clavuanic acid has been used to treat pneumonia. However, in practice, it has been proven that the antibiotic is highly resistant to this type of antibiotic. Severe course of the disease requires hospitalization and the appointment of cephalosporins or Ampiox with Synthomycin. Monitor the treatment after 3 days.
How to be treated by home methods for pneumonia?
Most people who have pneumonia (up to eighty percent) can be treated at home. The patient needs to arrange appropriate care, appropriate care. This is done in order to improve the effectiveness of treatment of pneumonia in adults and accelerate its recovery. As with most diseases, it is necessary to include as much vegetables and fruits as possible in the patient's diet. As little as possible to eat fatty foods and hard to digest food. It is recommended to the patient abundant, warm drink.
1. First, fluid in pneumonia helps to sputum.
2. Secondly, it prevents dehydration of the body during elevated body temperature.
3. You can drink: milk, alkaline mineral water, juices. A person who has become sick with pneumonia needs complete rest and a bed rest.
4. A positive result will give therapeutic gymnastics. It can accelerate the recovery of a person. It must be done from the first days. From the second day of illness, it is necessary to carry out respiratory gymnastics (lying in bed). Also, during the illness it is necessary to perform tilting (forward, sideways), rotate the body. Such exercises are useful for the chest.
5. Treatment with antibiotics is strictly individual. To prescribe antibiotics, it is necessary to establish the degree of development of the disease, determine at what stage the disease, and what form of pneumonia. From the correct diagnosis depends on the purpose of antibiotics. The duration of treatment for pneumonia is also strictly individual.
6. Give up smoking, go in for sports, change your diet so that this disease will pass you by.
Causes and prevention of pneumonia in adults
Typical pathogens of primary out-of-hospital pneumonia are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamidia pneumoniae. In 20-30% of patients, the etiology of the disease can not be established. Some microorganisms are normally rare in the composition of the microflora of the upper respiratory tract and can cause development of pneumonia in older age groups with concomitant severe chronic diseases of other organs and systems.
Acute respiratory viral infections, primarily influenza, are certainly the main risk factor, but most scientists say that they rarely cause pneumonia in adults. At the same time, in infants, viruses can cause pneumonia.
In secondary (hospital) pneumonia in adults, the role of gram-negative microorganisms and conditionally pathogenic flora is great: Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Esche-richia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomo-nas aeroginosa, Legionella pneumoniae. The etiology of aspiration pneumonia is characterized by the involvement of nonclostridial anaerobes (Bacteroides spp., Micoplasma spp., Candida spp.), Often in combination with an aerobic graffiti microflora (Hae-mophilus influenzae, Enterobacterio-ceae). In the development of the disease in persons with severe immunological disorders, cytomegalovirus infection, Pneumocystis cari-nii, pathogenic fungi, mycobacterium tuberculosis, along with other microorganisms encountered in other pneumonia.
The causative agent of the disease is epithelial dysfunction and mucociliary clearance disorder. Thus, pathogens search for the receptor field, adhesion on it and colonization. The use of antibiotics gives results only at the stage of colonization of microorganisms.
Mucociliary transport is the main factor of lung protection, which is disrupted in acute pneumonia. Disturbance of pulmonary ventilation is an obligatory factor of acute pneumonia.
The age of the patient influences the development of the disease. The disease also depends on the time of the year, most often a high percentage of the disease occurs during the cold season, a severe illness is observed in people who have come from the regions of the far north. A major role in the disease is chlamydia pneumonia, which affects young people. The main pathogens of pneumonia: in winter - streptococci, in autumn - mycoplasma, for summer is characteristic - legionella. The advantage is led by streptococcus, the etiology of the disease has not yet been established.
According to the European Society of Pulmonology, the number of pneumonias does not include diseases of pulmonary tissue of non-infectious nature; caused by physical, chemical factors; having allergic or vascular origin; caused by highly contagious infectious agents (plague, measles, rubella, abdominal typhus, influenza; such diseases are considered in the context of an appropriate infectious disease); diseases caused by a viral infection (in the first place with the flu).
Prevention of pneumonia in adults
In the future, it is necessary to temper and observe common sanitary and hygienic factors (do not smoke, avoid dust, airing rooms or cabinets, full nutrition and much more). Be careful to your health! Take care of yourself!
In medicine, the term pneumonia refers to an acute infectious disease, predominantly bacterial etiology, with focal lesions of the respiratory departments lungs and mandatory presence of intraalveolar exudation, which is detected during physical and / or instrumental examination, with general inflammatory and toxic changes.