Tip 1: How to identify - influenza or ARVI
Influenza and acute respiratory viral infections are diseases of the human body caused by viruses that damage the epithelium of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. After getting any virus into the body, a typical clinical picture of the disease develops, but there are differences that help to determine - the flu in the patient or ARVI.
- With the flu, the incubation period usually does not exceed several hours, after which the patient's condition worsens dramatically. In ARVI this period can be from 2 to 7 days (depending on the type of the virus and the state of the body patient), and the onset of the disease is often "blurred" and patients can not accurately indicate the moment of appearance of the first symptoms.
- With the flu, patients can accurately indicate the time of onset of the disease, and first appear symptoms of general intoxication of the body (a sharp headache, dizziness, severe vascular reactions are possible), and only after 2-3 days there are signs of tracheal injury and bronchi. With SARS, signs of the defeat of the respiratory system of any localization appear at the beginning of the disease - there is a runny nose, cough, and only after that there are signs of a general reaction of the body.
- With the flu, the body temperature can rise to 39-40 ° C and its maximum rise is observed in the first hours of the disease. It can last up to 4 days, whereas in ARVI, body temperature rises on day 2-3 of the disease and only up to 37-3, oC, the duration of the increase is one or two days.
- Only with the flu there is a sharp pain in the eyeballs when pressing on them or when looking at the sources bright color, also for the flu is characterized by the appearance of pain in the calf muscles, aches in joints, heaviness in lower back.
- Headache with ARVI appears very rarely, and only in patients with concomitant pathologies of the body, whereas in case of influenza, the headache becomes one of the first signs of the disease.
- With the flu, the redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes becomes a characteristic symptom of the disease, while the congestion of the nose is negligible and appears on the second-third day of the disease. In ARI, the symptoms of mucous nasal and throat lesions become the first symptoms of the disease.
How to distinguish a common cold from a virus (ARVI): the difference and differences in treatment
Diseases, the cause of which is the hypothermia of the body, called the people "cold." Their course is very similar to a viral infection.
However, there is a difference between these pathologies. And since the treatment for these diseases is different, the doctor should be able to distinguish one from another.
Adequate diagnosis is also needed because under the mask of an ordinary disease, a dangerous influenza virus can hide, the treatment of which requires obligatory medication.
Otherwise, the disease can become complicated and lead to more serious pathologies.
How to determine the difference between a cold and a viral infectionTo learn how to distinguish a cold from ARVI (acute respiratory viral infection), you need to have a complete picture of these diseases. Doctors with long experience have got used to call any respiratory tract infection the general term "ARD".
Of course, this is not wrong, but this concept does not at all point to the type of pathogen that provoked the symptoms of the disease. The causative agents of seasonal infections are divided into two groups: bacteria and viruses. This is the cardinal difference between the two diseases.
All viral infections are part of the ARVI group. These include:
- RSV and their subtypes.
Symptoms of the flu virus
The flu, which certainly flares up every year with the onset of cold weather, also refers to viruses that affect the respiratory (respiratory) pathways. But the flu can provoke serious complications and is always very difficult.
All acute respiratory-viral diseases have common characteristics. For the emergence of pathology, it is not enough banal hypothermia or overeating ice cream. Infection usually occurs by airborne droplets from a sick person to a healthy one.
Possible and household way of penetration of the infection into the body, that is, through:
- pieces of furniture;
- money bills;
The incubation period of influenza and respiratory tract viruses is very short. The person begins to feel a malaise about 2-3 days after infection. And the flu symptoms are growing rapidly.
From the first signs, to a sharp deterioration in the condition usually takes about two hours. This is due to the fact that in a favorable environment, pathogenic microorganisms begin to multiply actively. In this case, they affect the mucous epithelium of the upper respiratory tract, which provokes the corresponding symptoms:
- watery discharge from the nasal passages;
- sore throat;
- dry cough;
The severity of symptoms is directly proportional to the virulence of the infection. With flu, the temperature already on the first day can jump to the level of 39-40 However, with a mild infection, the temperature may not rise. Most often there is a subfebrile condition.
The prodromal period of the disease, when the body has not yet responded to the virus, but the concentration of infection is already high, also causes a deterioration in well-being. The infected person has the following symptoms:
- general malaise;
- pain in the eyes and tear;
- nasal congestion in the absence of discharge from it;
- loss of appetite.
The danger of a viral infection is that "on the heels" behind it the second wave can come bacterial. This is due to the fact that local immunity is weakened by the primary virus, that is, the pathway for pathogenic bacteria is open. They begin to activate on the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.
That's why there are situations in which a person seems to be beginning to recover, but after a while again feels a deterioration in well-being. However, if the treatment is made adequately, this does not happen.
In patients susceptible to allergies, a viral infection often provokes a hypersensitivity reaction in which even ordinary food can cause allergy.
ARVI, depending on the pathogen, lead to different diseases of the respiratory tract. The doctor can diagnose the following pathologies in the patient:
What is the common cold and what are its symptoms?
To be able to distinguish a cold (ARI) from a viral infection (ARVI), you need to know the main symptoms of the first and the reasons for its occurrence.
Colds are a consequence of hypothermia of the body, which can be obtained:
- with freezing of hands and feet;
- if you ignore the headgear in the cold season;
- in damp weather;
- in the draft;
- when swimming in an open pool.
Under the influence of cold in the human respiratory ways begins to occur a microbial inflammatory process. What are the main characteristics of diseases caused by hypothermia?
The causative agents of the common cold are:
- Haemophilus influenzae.
Infecting with a cold can not be prevented, and only very weak people and small children can "catch" a respiratory bacterial infection.
Under the influence of cold, the human immune system experiences stress and refuses to protect the body from the activation of opportunistic bacteria. Their reproduction leads to an infectious disease, which is accompanied by an inflammatory process.
Colds include the following diseases:
- any angina.
And most often they arise in those patients who already have a chronic form of these pathologies.
Meanwhile, with strong immunity and in the absence of provoking factors, minor hypothermia is unlikely to provoke the disease.
The incubation period of bacterial infection is quite long (3-14 days). However, if the ARI is triggered by hypothermia, the incubation period may be reduced to 2-3 days. With a cold, the prodromal period, as a rule, is absent.
Disease after hypothermia or SARS can immediately begin with clinical manifestations.
Usually the symptoms of acute respiratory infections are clearly pronounced:
- a sore throat;
- severe persecution;
- nasal obstruction;
- Unnecessary, but thick discharge from the nose;
- subfebrile temperature (most often) or normal parameters.
But sometimes (very rarely) the disease is not accompanied by local manifestations, and there is only a slight deterioration in the general condition, which the patient can write off for severe fatigue.
Treatment of cold should come immediately. Otherwise, a mild disease can develop into a real bacterial infection, for the elimination of which antibacterial treatment is required.
Moreover, hemolytic streptococcus, which causes most colds, can give serious complications to the heart, kidneys or joints.
Now it became clear what the common cold is different from a viral infection:
- In ARVI, infection occurs from contact with the patient, ARI is an autoinfection;
- the prodromal period in ARVI is one day, with ARI it is absent;
- SARS is characterized by a bright start, the symptoms of colds are usually blurred (with the exception of any one sign);
- discharge from the nose in ARVI are abundant and liquid, with a cold they are either absent altogether or have a thick consistency.
Methods of treatment of ARVIIn order to prescribe an adequate treatment for a cold, it is important for the doctor to know what it provoked. Why? The answer is very simple: if you prescribe antibiotics to a patient with a viral infection, the drugs will only weaken the immune system of the body, but they will not affect the cause of the disease.
This will lead to the fact that the patient will develop a dysbacteriosis and resistance of pathogenic bacteria present on the mucous throat and nose. The body will lose the ability to resist a viral infection, the disease will be protracted and can result in serious complications.
Treatment of viral infections should take place according to the following scheme: First of all, the doctor prescribes antiviral drugs:
- Cytovir 3.
If the body temperature has increased to 3, and higher, antipyretic medicines are indicated:
In the early stages of influenza with a dry cough, antitussive agents and mucolytics that dilute sputum are required:
Treatment requires the intake of vitamin complexes and restorative drugs that stimulate the body's resistance.
Drugs that relieve pain and sore throat:
- Tantum Verde.
- Furacilin solution for rinsing.
In addition, it is recommended to perform daily inhalation of the larynx and nasopharynx with saline or mineral water. This procedure is necessary for moisturizing and softening the mucous membrane.
To flush the infection, you need to wash your nose several times a day with salt water. With this procedure, mucus is better excreted from the nasal sinuses, which prevents the development of sinusitis.
The patient needs to provide bed rest, in extreme cases, children should be prohibited moving games.
The patient's room needs to be ventilated several times a day and moistened in it. The patient needs to drink as much as possible, for this are good:
- herbal infusions and decoctions;
- tea with raspberries;
- tea with honey and lemon;
- lime infusion;
- fruit drinks, fruit drinks and kissels.
Medicamental therapy is recommended to be supported by all kinds of folk remedies. In the course are all acceptable recipes.
The food of the sick person should be rich in vitamins and minerals. It is recommended to eat more garlic and onions.
These products contain phytoncide - a natural antiviral component.
Treatment of coldsTreatment of acute respiratory disease is different from the methods used in ARVI. If a week after starting therapy the patient does not feel relief, then the bacterial infection has joined the virus infection. In this case, the patient is prescribed antibacterial drugs.
With a mild cold, it is sometimes enough to rinse your nose and water it with drops containing antibiotics. With severe rhinitis and swelling of the nasal mucosa, breathing can be improved with vasoconstrictive drops.
To get rid of perspiration and sore throat is possible resorption of Grammidine tablets or irrigation with Bioparox aerosol. The only condition - all these drugs should appoint a doctor.
Cope with colds will help Sprays TeraFlu Lar, Stopangin, Geksoral. The patient shows an abundant drink, thermal compresses on the throat.
In the absence of the effect of local therapy, systemic antibiotics are usually prescribed:
This is especially necessary if the disease passes into the stage of bronchitis or tracheitis.
Prevention of ARVI and ARI
Since the reasons for the development of these diseases are different, preventive measures should also be different. However, there are common points.
To prevent an off-season virus, it is necessary:
- avoid the place of a large crowd of people;
- wear a face mask;
- use the means that form a protective film in the nose (Nazoval);
- to exclude contacts with sick people;
- do preventive vaccinations.
In order not to develop a cold, a person must strengthen his immunity. For this you need:
- to eat well;
- to be hardened;
- Expose the body to sports loads;
- visit salt caves;
- often walk in the open air;
- eradicate bad habits;
- sleep well.
All these measures are also good for the prevention of ARVI, since strong immunity is a guarantee that, that a small amount of a virus that has got into the body will simply die there and will not be able to provoke ailment.
In conclusion, the expert will tell you how to correctly distinguish between flu and cold.
Than the flu and ARVI are similar and than they differ
With the onset of autumn, along with the cold and rains come the flu and SARS. Traditionally, the peak of diseases occurs during the winter, and most of our country is covered by this viral infection within 5 weeks. According to statistics, among all infectious diseases, flu and cold are the most common and account for 95% of all infections.Such diseases are dangerous complications. The flu is divided into several types: A, B and C. Type "A" in terms of severity is average and heavy. He is equally affected by people and animals. Species "B" most often fall ill children. Type "C" has not been sufficiently studied. Symptoms of the disease do not appear or are present only slightly. The flu virus is capable of mutating, and doctors have to look for new ways to fight it. That's why vaccinations need to be done every year.
Signs of the appearance of influenza
This disease has a number of characteristic features:
- The temperature rises to 39 ° C and above, which lasts for 5 days.
- Misery and weakness.
- Sometimes nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in the muscles and cramps.
- Violation of breathing, usually in the direction of acceleration.
- Hallucinations and delirium.
The main way of transmission of the virus is airborne. During sneezing or coughing, parts of the virus scatter with sputum for 2-3 meters. This is enough to infect a nearby person. The peak of the disease is 3-5 days from the beginning. The patient recovers within 8-10 days, if complications do not arise. After the disease, the risk of picking up any other one remains for 3 weeks. Often people confuse the flu with ARVI and ARI.
Forms of development of the disease
The manifestation of signs of the disease affects many factors. For example, the level of immunity, general health, the presence of bad habits. These factors determine one of the following three forms of the disease:
- Light form. The temperature remains normal or rises slightly. Symptoms of intoxication are not present or they are weakly shown.
- Medium-heavy. The temperature rises to 39.5 ° C, and the standard symptoms of influenza appear: pain in the muscles and joints, coughing, chest pain, runny nose, drying of the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx, respiratory failure.
- Heavy form. The temperature rises to 40.5 ° C. The patient has convulsive seizures, nosebleeds, hallucinations and vomiting. The fever lasts from 2 to 4 days, and the disease passes through 10 days. After recovery, the weakness persists for 3 more weeks.
What are ARI and ARVI?A fairly high incidence is observed not only in the flu, but also in ARI and ARVI.
ARI - acute respiratory disease - combines ARVI (acute viral respiratory infection), colds and exacerbation of chronic infections of the nasopharynx. This term is generalizing for several diseases. SARS cause many pathogens, among them 5 viruses and 300 of their subtypes. Since the way of infection by viruses is airborne, the incidence is very high.
Acute viral respiratory infection has its own symptoms and signs other than influenza:
- The disease begins gradually. First there is a runny nose, fatigue, weakness and drowsiness. Symptoms develop within the first 2 days.
- The body temperature rises to 38 ° C and not higher, passes through 2-3 days.
- There are no symptoms of intoxication, characteristic of influenza. The virus acts on the eyes, causing conjunctivitis, tearing.
- There is a stuffy nose, swelling of the mucous nasopharynx, sometimes there is sneezing and a strong cold.
- The throat and tonsils turn red and become friable. Appears dryness, pain and choking in the throat, the voice changes.
- Cough. It can be dry or with sputum, different in intensity.
- Often enlarged lymph nodes, on mucous white coating.
- The disease with an acute viral infection lasts about 2 weeks. After treatment, the patient has no weakness and headaches.
How is ARI treated?It should be aimed at eliminating the virus and the symptoms of the disease. In addition, you must follow certain rules of life. Stay in bed for 5 days. Rest and prolonged sleep is necessary. During illness the person strongly sweats, and to avoid dehydration, it is necessary a plentiful drink. The amount of liquid must be at least 2 liters per day. It is better to drink a drink with a high content of vitamin C. It's fruit drinks, tea with lemon, briar infusion. In combination with perspiration, copious drinking will help eliminate toxins that are formed during the life of the virus. In addition to these rules, it is necessary to conduct timely and thorough treatment, which is as follows:
- Use of anti-inflammatory drugs (paracetamol). They reduce the temperature and reduce the headache. It should be remembered that a decrease in temperature by such means is necessary only if it is above 38 ° C.
- Getting rid of the cold. Nasal drops have the property of narrowing the vessels and thereby reducing swelling and eliminating obstruction. But you can not use such drops for a long time, as rhinitis can develop. There is a thickening of the mucous membrane, which causes dependence on such drugs.
- Treatment of pain in the throat. Rinses infusions of herbs and ready-made solutions greatly alleviate pain, relieve inflammation and have an anti-inflammatory effect.
- Cough medicine. Their goal is to dilute sputum so that it can go out easier.
Many with this disease begin to be treated with antibiotics. This can not be done in any case. Antibiotics are powerless against viruses, and their unreasonable use is addictive, and at the right time an antibiotic simply will not have an effect.
Complications after the flu and its prevention
If this disease is not treated in time, then the complications of the disease will be negative consequences. There are viral complications and bacterial.Viral can develop into such diseases as:
- Pneumonia, which is rare, but is quite a serious illness. The virus spreads from the upper respiratory tract deep into the bronchi and lungs. The disease progresses, there is a strong intoxication, manifested by shortness of breath, and in some cases, respiratory failure.
- Infectious-toxic shock. The work of the heart and its system is disrupted.
- Bacterial pneumonia. Symptoms - cough and sputum greenish. It is treated with antibiotics.
Bacterial complications are expressed by the following diseases:
- Otitis and sinusitis. Inflamed nasal sinuses and ears. These complications are considered the most common.
- Glomerulonephritis. Renal tubules become inflamed, and kidney function decreases.
- Meningitis and encephalitis, that is, inflammation of the membrane or brain tissue.
- Septic states. They are accompanied by the ingression and multiplication of bacteria in the blood. This is a very serious complication, which often ends with the death of the patient.
To reduce the incidence of influenza and acute respiratory disease, it is necessary to exclude the virus from entering the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth and eyes. It is necessary to reduce or completely exclude contact with a sick person. In this case, an important role is played by the level of immunity. Full nutrition is the main rule for strong immunity. The menu should be balanced and contain the necessary amount of useful substances. It is necessary to avoid the use of harmful products and pay attention to natural simple food. Vegetables, dairy products, cereals are rich in necessary elements that help strengthen the body. In the autumn, you can additionally take complex vitamins. Physical exercises mobilize the strength of the body, accelerate the metabolism and strengthen the overall health of the person. Harmful habits significantly increase the risk of the disease, as when smoking the lungs are weakened by nicotine..
Annual vaccination and prevention will significantly reduce the risk of getting sick.
Vaccines are updated every year due to changes in the influenza virus, so vaccination should be annual.
How to distinguish ARVI from influenza? Signs of flu and ARVI
For many, the off-season is the most dangerous time of the year. It is during this period that most people are attacked by viruses. As a consequence - SARS and influenza, which are knocked out of the usual pace of life and cause significant discomfort. To start effective treatment of ailment, it is necessary to correctly determine its etiology. Therefore, it is so important to know how to distinguish ARVI from influenza by clinical manifestations.
What is ARVI?
If the doctor diagnosed ARVI, you should know that this ailment is a generalizing concept for all respiratory diseases that have a viral etiology. These diseases include influenza.
For diseases of this group is characterized by the rapid emergence of symptoms, such as respiratory symptoms, lacrimation, general weakness, sweating and fever. The virus infection is transmitted by airborne droplets, while it spreads rapidly and affects 75-80% of people who have been in contact with the patient. Such a sad statistics is explained by the fact that the human body is not able to develop immunity to viruses, since the latter are constantly mutating and mutating.
What do you need to know about the flu?
Many people do not consider this affliction serious and make a huge mistake, exposing their bodies to danger. After all, the flu is one of the most insidious respiratory viral diseases. It annually spreads across our planet in the form of global pandemics and epidemics, which take from 300 to 500 thousand lives. Therefore, it is so important to know how to distinguish ARVI from influenza in the initial stages of pathology development in order to start effective therapy.
To date, scientists have identified more than , 00 subspecies of the virus. The most dangerous of them are Spanish (A / H1N1), pork (H1N1) and avian influenza. Like all SARS, the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets and is characterized by high "infectiousness". The last fact is explained by the fact that the incubation period of influenza and ARVI lasts from two to four days, and during this time the patient has time to infect many other people.
The disease begins with acute manifestations of intoxication, such as headaches, vomiting, chills, dizziness, and sometimes disturbed sleep and even hallucinations. Treatment should include bed rest, symptomatic therapy and antiviral medication. It is also worth noting that the patient is necessarily isolated from healthy family members at the time of treatment.
Diagnosis of ailments
To determine an acute respiratory viral infection, it is sufficient for the therapist to examine the patient, but to determine the etiology of the disease in this way will not work, as the symptoms of influenza and SARS are very are similar. For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, the doctor must send the patient to the laboratory for the delivery of a number of tests. This is the only way to detect the presence of a virus in a person's blood.
In the laboratory, to determine the disease, the most commonly used crops are infected blood in specific nutrient media. To do this, a series of studies based on serological reactions, with the help of which the concentration of antibodies in the patient's blood to the virus is determined.
But if we take into account the fact that laboratory analyzes are rather complicated and expensive, not all of them are passed. And pediatricians categorically diagnose influenza only on the basis of information received about the onset of the epidemic. In exceptional cases, only the first patients go through the study, and all others until the end of the epidemic situation the ailment is put "automatic". It is for this reason that treatment of the disease is not always effective and can lead to a mass of undesirable consequences. Therefore, those people who care about their health, it is necessary to know how to distinguish ARVI from the flu on their own.
The initial stage of the disease
Despite the fact that the two diseases are very similar in symptomatology, there are a number of differences in which a person can independently determine what exactly he is sick. So, the first thing you need to pay attention to is the speed of the disease. As a rule, the initial stage of acute respiratory distress is prolonged for 1-2 days, while the symptomatology manifests itself sluggishly, but the person feels significant discomfort (lethargy, stuffiness of the nose, sore throat, sometimes a fever) and partially loses ability to work. A memo on ARVI and influenza, which, as a rule, always, and especially in the period of epidemics, is present on one of the bulletins in the clinic, contains a lot of useful information about the development of the disease and its prevention.With regard to the flu, it is still healthy in the morning, after lunch, the person completely loses strength and feels bad because of the high temperature. This disease is characterized by a rapid acute onset.
The nature of the development of pathology, like other signs of influenza and SARS, allows the patient to determine independently which of these ailments is being attacked by the body.
As already mentioned, in many respects the symptoms of these diseases are similar, and one of the signs is an increase in body temperature. But here there is one nuance. So, the flu is characterized by a rapid (for 1-2 hours) temperature jump to 39-40 oC. Almost all the antipyretic agents are not very effective. And even if the temperature was lowered, it will begin to rise again within 1-2 hours. In such cases, the sick doctors prescribe not only drugs for influenza and ARVI, but also several antipyretic drugs, which need to be alternated and taken every -3 hours.
As for ARVI, then, as a rule, the temperature does not exceed 3, -3, ° C. It is easily reduced after taking such drugs as Paracetamol or Ibufen. If the patient's condition is stable, there is no deterioration, then you can do without antipyretic drugs to enable the immune system to cope with the disease on its own. But if the child is sick, self-medication is not worth it. After all, the organism of a crumb can not cope with the disease, which will have a detrimental effect on its health. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, you need to go to an appointment with a pediatrician who will assess the condition of a small patient and prescribe a treatment.
General condition of the patient
It's no secret that flu, colds, and ARVI are diseases that cause a decline in performance and cause significant discomfort. But even on these grounds, you can independently understand which ailment has broken daily plans.
So, with the flu, patients complain of severe muscle and headaches (especially in the area of the temples), as well as body aches, chills and increased sweating. In addition, in some cases, there is pain in the movement of the eyes and photosensitivity.
If we talk about the general condition of a patient with acute respiratory viral infection, weakness and weakness are present throughout the illness. But the pain in the head and muscles is very weak.
Nasal congestion and runny nose
Influenza viruses and ARVI are provocateurs of inflammatory processes in the respiratory system. In this case, the patient begins coughing, the body temperature rises, and a stuffy nose and a runny nose appear. However, with the flu, inflammation and swelling of the mucous nasal cavity occurs much less often than with ARVI. And after 2-3 days the rhinitis completely passes.
In acute respiratory viral infection, the nose lays already in the first two days, then, in addition to the swelling of the mucous nasopharynx, there is a strong cold and sneezing. This increases tear.
For those who do not know how to distinguish ARVI from influenza, doctors recommend paying attention to the condition of the mucous membranes of the throat and pharynx. Infirmity caused by the influenza virus, characterized by severe swelling, as well as reddening of the soft palate and back of the throat. In the patient, the SARS is swollen and red, while it has a loose structure.
By the way, if such signs of influenza and ARVI, as a swelling and hyperemia of the throat, are common, then the plaque on the mucous membranes is typical only for the latter.
Before you determine which ailment the body was struck with, it is worth remembering when the cough appeared. If this symptom began to bother at the very beginning of the development of the disease, and only then the rhinitis joined and the temperature rises, it is ARVI.
If the disease started with fever, body aches and headaches, and only on 2-3 days a dry cough appeared, any doctor diagnoses the flu. Confirm the diagnosis can accompany cough pain in the trachea and chest. If you do not start taking medicines against influenza and ARVI ("Cycloferon" Viferon "Immunoflazid" Arbidol "Anaferon" Ingavirin "Rimantadine Tamiflu, etc.), the patient's condition can deteriorate significantly, because the virus will continue to exert its pathogenic effect on the respiratory system and the body in whole.
In some cases, the reaction of the body to the influenza virus may be a disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. Diarrhea and vomiting in the patient appears already on day 2-3 after infection and lasts 24-48 hours. Without symptomatic therapy, the manifestation of this symptom can last for several more days and lead to dehydration of the body.
Despite the fact that many symptoms of influenza and SARS are very similar, you can independently diagnose the disease yourself. It is enough to carefully analyze the order and nature of the main clinical manifestations.
Duration of illnesses
At observance of all recommendations of the doctor the status of the patient ARVI improves already on the third day, full recovery comes on 6-7 days. After a man has suffered ail quickly restores strength and efficiency.
Despite the fact that the incubation period of influenza and ARVI is the same, the active phase of the latter is much more complicated and longer. Only a fever in the patient can last up to 5-6 days, and the ailment begins to recede only for 10-12 days. However, this is not all "surprises" from the flu. After all, even after full recovery within 2-3 weeks a person experiences weakness, malaise and headaches.
ARI and ARVI - differences
In autumn and spring, when the body is weakened and subjected to a stressful situation (the weather conditions change dramatically - the transition from heat to cold and vice versa), often in medical cards appear all the known abbreviations, the conclusions of doctors "ARD" and "SARS".
At first glance, it seems that these are completely different diseases, as it is useless to invent separate names for the same diseases. But in fact, the difference between them is not great, if you evaluate the disease according to the symptoms, but their pathogens vary, which determines the strategy of treatment.
What is ARI and ARVI?
The key to understanding the difference between ARI and ARVI is in deciphering abbreviations:
- Acute respiratory disease;
- ARVI is an acute respiratory viral infection.
So, ARI is a disease characterized by an acute course of symptoms affecting the respiratory system, since "respiratory" is "related to breathing".
ARI is a collection of different symptoms that can be caused by both bacteria and viruses.
At the same time, ARVI is just like acute respiratory disease, an acute disease, the symptoms of which are manifested in violation of the respiratory system, but in this case the pathogen is known - it is the virus.
What is the difference between ARI and ARVI?
So, the main difference between ARI and ARVI is that the first disease can cause both bacteria and viruses, and the second only viruses.
To accurately determine what became the causative agent of the disease, it is often necessary to conduct a special analysis on the microflora of the throat, the decoding of which requires a lot of time. Therefore, it is appropriate to carry out such analyzes only with chronic diseases of the throat, and in the acute course of the disease, a prompt diagnosis and treatment is required.
In addition, often a viral infection, not finding proper resistance in the body, develops, and within a few days it is joined by a bacterial infection. This "mix" doctors identify as ARI. When it is for certain that the virus has become the pathogen, the doctor diagnoses ARVI.
Let us sum up what was said with the help of the theses:
- ARI is a combination of diseases that are caused either by bacteria or by viruses.
- SARS is a type of acute respiratory disease, which is characterized by viral etiology.
- ORZ usually occurs after hypothermia, and ARVI - after infection from a source of viruses.
- Pathogens may be streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, as well as viruses - pertussis, measles, respiratory syncytial, adenoviruses, influenza and parainfluenza viruses. The latter can cause and SARS.
How to distinguish ARVI from ARI by symptoms?
The symptoms of ARVI and ARI differ a little, and that is why it is difficult for a layman to distinguish between them.
Signs of ARVI:
- sneezing, the formation of transparent mucus in the nasopharynx - the natural reaction of the body to the invasion of viruses;
- general weakness;
- on the second and third day of the disease, a sharp temperature jump up to 38 degrees is possible, which does not last long; this is due to the virus getting into the blood, which causes intoxication;
- there is a high probability that the virus will affect the mucous eye and gastrointestinal tract;
- At the final stage, if they have a cough and runny nose, they are wet.
Signs of ARI:
- as a rule, the disease manifests itself brightly from the first days - the temperature rises, which lasts for a long time, The throat is either covered with white coating (with angina), or looks red and inflamed (with pharyngitis);
- cough - first dry, then wet; bronchitis;
- nasopharyngitis - inflammation of the mucous membranes with the release of clear liquid, mucus or pus;
- Tracheitis - usually occurs with a dry cough.
To distinguish a bacterial infection from a viral infection is possible by the appearance of the throat - with a white touch shows a bacterial infection, with red veins - a viral infection. Sputum during a viral infection is transparent. When bacterial it has green, yellow and other shades.
Thus, the signs of ARVI and ARI are similar, and to distinguish them,It takes some time for the symptoms to appear.
Treatment in ARI and ARVI
Treatment of acute respiratory viral infection and acute respiratory disease is different only if the ORZ is caused by bacteria. In this case, antibiotics are needed, to which the bacteria are sensitive. If ARI is combined, and caused by both bacteria and viruses, then immunostimulating agents are also needed. ARVI is treated with immunostimulating drugs, abundant warm drinking and local treatment of the upper respiratory tract with nasal and throat sprays, and inhalations.