Diarrhea is an unexpected and unpleasant phenomenon, which at the most inopportune moment can disrupt all plans. How can I quickly normalize the work of the intestine and what if diarrhea has caught off guard? Let's try in this article, according to the recommendations of doctors and the wisdom of folk medicine, to answer the most common questions related to the disorder of the stool, which in medical terminology is described as "liquid."
Symptoms of diarrhea
Any of us is familiar with diarrhea. Its symptoms and signs:
- Frequent bowel movements with liquid contents during the day.
- Flatulence, bubbling, swelling in the abdomen.
- Heaviness, spasms, pain in the lower abdomen or in the whole of his area.
- Lack of appetite, nausea may occur with vomiting.
- Broken, drowsiness, or fatigue.
Causes of diarrhea
As a rule, the duration of diarrhea and intestinal disorders varies within fairly wide limits, when one or two times it can disturb, and sometimes it takes a few days. It is necessary to identify the cause of diarrhea, to get rid of it as quickly as possible.
The most common causes of diarrhea: food poisoning by food. In humans, the "stomach" is not as "strong" as in animals, and for an overdue food product of inadmissible quality, digestion immediately reacts with turbulence, abdominal pain and diarrhea.
The causes of diarrhea are many and they are of quite diverse origin, which must always be considered for effective treatment:
- Viral diarrhea. A more common company is the virus. This kind of diarrhea is often confused with food poisoning.
- Dysbacteriosis. Appears with long-term treatment with antibacterial drugs that suppress and kill the natural flora of the intestine, there is dysbacteriosis and with unbalanced nutrition and diseases of the digestive system, when the ability of the human body to deplete the necessary substances and microorganisms in the intestine is inhibited.
- Stressed diarrhea. It is caused by stress and nervous system disorders. Excessive neuropsychic stress affects the violation of the autonomic nervous system and there is a malfunction in the body. For example, from someone's stress, blood pressure rises, heart rate increases, and someone has an attack of diarrhea.
- Intolerance to medicines. If the medicine is not suitable for the body, then it can react with diarrhea.
- Diseases of the intestines and digestive organs.
Treatment of diarrhea
Let's just say, at home, folk and medical means can stop diarrhea quickly, easily and simply, though not in all cases. For example, if the cause of the virus - you need to take antiviral drugs; at a dysbacteriosis - the medicines normalizing natural introspective flora; under stress, the tactic of treatment is completely different - here it is necessary to reduce the level of the psychotraumatic experience, to accept everything as it is.
You understand me that in some cases, associated with the reception of pharmacological drugs, the doctor will have to apply for the discharge and prescription of medicines.
It also happens that a person is treated with some kind of antibiotic (doxycycline, penicillin, etc.), and he has a terrible diarrhea 10 times a day with a very unpleasant specific smell and even a marsh (dark green) color - it's allergic to this drug substance and the phenomena of dysbiosis. At one time I "passed" myself. As soon as my doctor prescribed Ampiox instead of Penicillin, diarrhea immediately went away.
Recommendations and advice
Nevertheless, when there is diarrhea, you can not get away from it and do something after all! Therefore, consider ways to treat diarrhea.
Treatment with medicines
The simplest advice and recommendation is the receipt of a medical drug. They act quickly, only water and the availability of a product are needed.
Drugs for diarrhea
Loperamide(Imodium (Imodium-Plus), Supreol). Good for diarrhea of non-infectious origin. After two hours, the binding effect for the intestine is already noticeable. Painful spasms in the abdomen will disappear and bloating will decrease.
Smecta. This is an adsorbent. The drug copes with diarrhea caused by intestinal infections. Smektu can be used to treat infants. It is available in the form of powder, packaged in metered bags. Before applying Smecta, the powder is diluted with water.
Kaopectat. Stops diarrhea of any kind. The agent is released in the form of tablets and suspensions. Suspension is not recommended for children under three years of age, and tablets up to six years. Kaopectat is one of the few drugs that are acceptable for use during pregnancy.
Polyphepane. He treats diarrhea of infectious origin. Can be used to treat very young children from the period of birth. Polyphepan is released in the form of a powder which is diluted in water before being taken.
Probiotics. Used for the purpose of colonization of the intestinal microflora with useful microorganisms, as a result of which the digestive system normalizes and comes to balance. The most popular medicines in this series areLinex, Lactobacterin, Enterol, Hilak-Forte, Bifidobacterin.
Probiotics are prescribed in cases of treatment of diarrhea due to its infectious origin or consequences of treatment with antibacterial drugs. They also help with diarrhea in travelers.
Enterofuryl. Has a strong antimicrobial effect. Can cure diarrhea caused by intestinal infections. It is used to treat children from one month of life. It is produced by Enterofuril in the form of a suspension, yellow, pleasant to taste.
Enterosgel. Sorbent, which removes from the body allergens, toxins, bacteria and inhibits the absorption of other drugs from the intestine into the body, which must be taken into account in general therapy.
Remember that drugs for the treatment of diarrhea have contraindications, which can always be read in the instructions for their use. Before the treatment of diarrhea, pay attention to them.
Folk remedies and recipes at home
In general, the means of traditional medicine are mostly safe, effective and tested by time and whole generations of people.
The strongest and most effective people's councils
Oak bark. This is a very powerful remedy for diarrhea with a momentary effect of action. Apply decoctions or infusions of oak bark that can be used alone or mixed with broths and milfoil infusions, cones of alder, honeysuckle or horse sorrel.
Recipe: for half a liter of boiling water add two or two and a half spoons of crushed oak bark, covering the lid, slowly grind on low heat for 15-30 minutes. To quickly stop diarrhea, drink fifty ml. decoction three times a day. When the diarrhea has ceased and it is gone for ten hours, treatment can be stopped.
Chamomile berries. When treating diarrhea, you can use dry or fresh berries. From dried berries (or fresh) brewed compote. For this, two glasses of berries are put on one glass of water and pressed for 15 minutes on a low heat. Cool down to a temperature of 50 degrees, add 20 drops of propolis and take three times a day compote on half a glass (100 ml).
Pear. Has good astringent properties, which help to get rid of diarrhea. Use decoctions of dried or fresh pears with the addition of oatmeal.
Recipe: three to five tablespoons of chopped pear fruit, larded in flour, boil in half a liter of water for five minutes and insist 1-2 hours, wrapped. Do not put sugar in the infusion! Eat half a glass two or three times a day.
Pomegranate cakes. Pomegranate peels quickly cope with severe diarrhea. For one glass (200 ml) of boiling water put one tablespoon of crusts, boil a few minutes on low heat. Then, the dishes are wrapped and left for one or two hours to be steeped before staining the water. The resulting broth is divided into two doses in one day.
Маргацовка(potassium permanganate) has a strong antiseptic effect, but should be applied with extreme caution. Despite the fact that it seems to be well diluted in water, the minute invisible crystals of manganese do not immediately dissolve and are imperceptible. They settle on the bottom. Therefore, when you induce a weak solution of manganese for the treatment of diarrhea (mild pink staining), it is better to pour it into another dish once more to leave discreet crystals on the bottom of the first vessel.
A weak pink solution of potassium permanganate is taken orally three times a day for 100 ml.
With diarrhea, effective recipes
Powder of starch. Just one tablespoon of starch powder to drink half a glass or a glass of water.
Sachetsblack tea. Break one or two bags of any black tea, put in your mouth and wash it with water.
Black peppernot ground (pellets-peas). One or two peas put in the mouth and drink with water.
If diarrhea does not go away, urgently consult a doctor for advice, especially when diarrhea lasts more than three consecutive days, accompanied by vomiting, fever. Pay attention to stools, so that they do not have blood impurities, because this fact speaks of hidden intestinal bleeding!
Everything, I do not want to scare you anymore. In most cases, stop and get rid of diarrhea can quickly, easily and simply ordinary folk remedies at home.