Can pneumonia be transmitted from person to person?
The cause of inflammation of the lungs in adults and children are bacteria and viruses. How do they penetrate the body?
The upper respiratory tract of man is inhabited not only by "good" microorganisms. Among them there are so-called conditionally pathogenic microbes. These are bacteria that normally do not cause any diseases. But if the general or local immunity is weakened, how they are immediately introduced, multiply, and cause the disease.
Can pneumonia be infected with contact, food, water or sexually transmitted infections? No, this development is impossible. Inflammation of the lungs can be obtained only through the airborne path.
Community-acquired pneumonia can occur due to the following factors:
- getting fluid from the oropharynx into the lower respiratory tract;
- inhalation of an aerosol containing microbes;
- spread of pathogens by blood from extrapulmonary foci;
- infection from neighboring affected organs.
In persons with good immunity, the main way to get sick is aspiration of fluid from the pharynx.
Since pneumonia is a consequence of some cold respiratory disease or other infectious process outside the lungs, it can not be infected by airborne droplets.
That's why inflammation of the lungs is not dangerous for others. Infection can only be a disease that led to pneumonia. However, the causative agent of infection in these diseases is not always the same. For example, pneumonia can develop after a viral cold. But the cause of the disease will be not viruses, but a secondary bacterial infection from the oropharynx.
Now we are talking about viral pneumonia. As a rule, the virus that caused the primary disease causes inflammation of the lungs. For example, the influenza virus, especially swine flu, can lead to severe viral pneumonia within 1-2 days. But in this case it is not transmitted from person to person. The patient is contagious to others only in terms of primary disease, and not complications. However, everything depends on the immunity of the person in contact. If it is sufficient, then you can not get sick at all. If not, then the flu can develop. But the development of pneumonia as complications is not necessary. Then how fate will dispose of.
The only form of contagious pneumonia is mycoplasmal pneumonia. It can be transmitted by airborne to the following groups of people:
- aged people;
- people with weakened immunity;
- people with chronic pulmonary or cardiovascular diseases.
Can children become infected with pneumonia? Again, let's return to the fact that you can catch any kind of bacteria that cause pneumonia. But it does not necessarily occur pneumonia. In the first place may develop ARI. A complication develops against a cold or not, depends on the immunity of the child.That is, the child does not have the opportunity to get infected from others by pneumonia.
The organism of children is especially susceptible to viral pneumonia. If the virus caused pneumonia in a child with good immunity, then this infection is quite dangerous, since it can cause respiratory illness in other children.
Another common cause of pneumonia in children is aspiration of a foreign body. This is especially true for toddlers. Small parts of toys, berry seeds, seeds, etc. can get into the respiratory tract and as a result of prolonged exposure cause pneumonia. Sometimes it is possible to detect the presence of a foreign body in the bronchi of a child only after several relapses of pneumonia. Foreign objects in the airways are not always visible on the roentgenogram, and they often find them only with bronchoscopy.
So, transmission of pneumonia by airborne droplets is not possible. The causative agent, of course, can be transmitted from person to person, but that it will cause inflammation of the lungs is not necessary. The same rule applies to children.
Mycoplasmal pneumonia is an exception. They can infect people with weakened immunity, as well as children and the elderly.
Is pneumonia an issue in search of an answer to an important question?
About whether contagious pneumonia, for a long time heated debate, because until recently it was considered safe for contact. But recently it has been confirmed that it is possible to catch it, it turns out.
In 1994 scale research was conducted in the United States, during which scientists discovered not only that pneumonia is the fourth most common disease, causing the death, the most unexpected was that in the pulmonology departments up to 36% of the personnel fall ill every year and repeatedly.
In addition, cases of epidemics of pneumonia have become more frequent. As you understand, this would be impossible with an uncontaminated disease.
What can be caused by pneumonia
First of all, it is necessary to understand how they get pneumonia. Most often this occurs against the background of the existing SARS, which greatly reduces the immunity of the sick person - this is where the bacterial or other infection joins the existing problem. In this case, the pathogens that led to pneumonia may be very different:
- pathogenic fungi;
Any of them, getting into the respiratory tract, quickly spreads through the lungs, disrupting the protective function of the epithelial tissue. And their further rapid reproduction causes the emergence of foci of inflammation.
Each type of pathogen requires its own antibiotic, and that is why it is so important to determine what kind of microbe caused the disease.
Can it be attributed to infectious bacterial pneumonia
As you have probably already realized, pneumonia is not a specific disease that has a specific cause. It can be caused by a number of reasons, and in medicine more than 30 different kinds of pneumonia are known. And only depending on the causative agent of the disease can we talk about whether the pneumonia is contagious.
Thus, bacterial pneumonia occurs when bacteria are infected against the background of existing diseases that have undermined the immune system. And in many cases, the bacterium that caused pneumonia in one person will not cause it in the person who was with it in contact, but it can provoke an infection of the upper respiratory tract, for example. That is, a healthy person who has been in contact with a sick pneumonia can get sick, but this does not necessarily happen to be pneumonia.
Is pneumonia caused by mycoplasma
But if the pathogens of the disease are atypical representatives of microorganisms, for example, mycoplasma or chlamydia, then most often they are transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, knowing that your friend or relative is ill with one of these types of pneumonia, exclude or minimize contact with it. Since in this case a healthy person has a high risk of infection.
Which pneumonia is especially contagious
Answering the question about whether pneumonia is contagious for others, it is worth noting that it affects first of all those people who have weakened immunity.
The most dangerous in this sense is that pneumonia, which was picked up in a medical institution, because in this case the disease is provoked already resistant to the effects of antibiotics by bacteria: pneumococcus, hemophilic rod, gram-negative bacilli, pneumoclamidiosis and staphylococcus.
By the way, the most dangerous is the infection with pyogenic flora, as it almost does not lend itself to treatment.
The main signs of pneumonia
Is contagious pneumonia, which is of a community origin, contagious? Her pathogens are most often pneumococci and stick influenza. And this type of disease in general is considered safe for others, but provided strong immunity and compliance with their personal hygiene.
True, in our time, one can not be 100% sure of the strength of one's own immunity, and therefore it is inadmissible to miss and signs of pneumonia. The most obvious symptoms are:
- incessant strong cough;
- the deterioration of the cold that lasts more than a week;
- pain in the chest, not giving a deep breath and causing an attack of cough;
- pallor, fever;
- shortness of breath when walking and during a period of fever;
- its spasmodic increase and a weak effect on the temperature of antipyretic agents.
If any of the signs are present, the patient should undergo mandatory examination for pneumonia.
Pneumonia, which is not contagious
Can I get pneumonia if it is caused by inhalation of fumes of mercury, acids, pesticides or carbon monoxide?
This type of pneumonia is rare, and it is exposed, in the main, to people working in hazardous industries. Harmful substances fall in large quantities into the lungs, causing damage and death of cells. And this, in turn, entails manifestations of the inflammatory process: deterioration of health, cough, debilitating fever, chills and nausea.
But, despite all the signs, chemical pneumonia is not contagious.
A few more words about whether pneumonia is contagious for others
Summing up what has been said, it should be noted that pneumonia itself is not contagious, which can not be said for its pathogens, which can cause the development of pneumonia in other people.
So, arguing, whether pneumonia of lungs is contagious, it is necessary to consider, that it in most cases do not catch, and fall ill. However, in order for this to happen, a person should, as already mentioned, have weakened immunity, and if this is accompanied by a lack of vitamins, stress, hypothermia or the impact of the influenza virus, the effect of pneumococcus, which most often stimulates the development of pneumonia, becomes dangerous to health and causes illness.
Inflammation of the lungs is contagious: the causes of the disease
This issue has worried everyone for a long time. Even the most experienced doctors can not give an unambiguous answer to the question: pneumonia - is it contagious? Maybe this article will help you figure it out?
Why there is pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs involves an inflammatory process of the lung tissue.
2. viruses (staphylococcus, pneumococcus, streptococcus);
4. pathogenic fungi;
Inflammation of the lungs - is it contagious?
In medical institutions (polyclinic, hospital, hospital) you can get pneumonia (hospital, hospital or nosocomial pneumonia). Such infection is unsafe for human health. Often, pneumonia occurs due to antibiotic resistant microbes: hemophilic rod, staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus, gram-negative bacilli, pneumohydamidosis. From a patient with pneumonia to a healthy person can be transmitted as a result of a close conversation, if the patient sneezes, coughs.
Inflammation of the lungs - causes of the disease
Causes of pneumonia can be:
1. severe hypothermia;
2. complications due to a viral infection: influenza, SARS;
3. weakening of human immunity;
4. stressful situations;
4. heavy physical activity;
6. polluted air and others.
Danger of contracting pneumonia
Especially dangerous are purulent infections that are entered during the operation or postoperative period, which are almost impossible to cure. Community-acquired (home, outpatient) pneumonia, with all personal hygiene rules and with strong immunity, are very rare factors for infection. The main causative agent of such pneumonia can be pneumococcus and even less often - a stick of flu. This disease is easily treatable, except for single cases. Congenital pneumonia occurs as a result of intrauterine or hospital infection with staphylococcus, E. coli, herpes virus, streptococcus. Newborns can easily be infected with pneumonia. We can sum up and say that pneumonia itself is not contagious, but its pathogens may well infect a healthy person.
To prevent infection with lung disease, be careful with people who sneeze, cough. Try at the time of their sneezing or coughing to turn your head or close your mouth, so that the infection does not hit you through the airways to the lungs. Bacteria and viruses can be transmitted by contact. After shaking hands with patient pneumonia, always disinfect hands. According to some studies, pneumonia is contagious, so try to keep hygiene at work and at home.
Can a person get pneumonia from another person?? for example when communicating? for example when communicating?
Can not. Pneumonia is not a contagious disease.
can, and if it is a viral pneumonia, then the probability is even higher.
forms of pneumonia are many.. there are among them and infectious.. for example, nosocomial pneumonia ...
It is possible, but as a rule this rarely happens.
Pneumonia is not very contagious.
Most pneumonias are bacterial in nature, and bacteria are not transmitted by air, infection requires close contact, for example sputum particles have fallen into the cough of a sick person on your mucous membranes, but this is not enough, you still need to have some problems with immunity, since staphylococcus, pneumococcus, morocell, or hemophilic rod to a healthy person is not so easy to get infected.
Pneumonia, which is caused by hospital strains of bactriae, is easier to get infected, since infection with such bacteria does not much depend from your immunity and they can even get a completely healthy person, but again you need close contact for infection.
Viral pneumonia is a great rarity, but it is very easy to catch them, as many viruses are easily transmitted through the air and close contact is not needed for infection.
So, in principle, pneumonia infection is possible, but the likelihood of this is very low and depends on which pneumonia the people lying next to you were suffering from and the state of your immune system.
If close contact and weak immunity... -and this is unlikely.. . otherwise all pulmonologists and therapists would be ill ...
pneumonia is not contagious. This is pneumonia. That's only in China in a certain year was atypical pneumonia, it was contagious. But, they say, it was a biological weapon. To believe in it or not is a private matter for everyone
can, if it is viral, or if a person is weakened. So the mask mode is relevant
galina russian (churkin) GALJ
all sores are contagious, from viruses and germs. and it is especially dangerous for someone with weak immunity.
Can not. Pneumonia is not a contagious disease.
As for viral pneumonia. then their name indicates only the affected organ, and not the etiologic factor that caused the infection.
The most common causes of viral pneumonia are:
Influenza virus subtype A and B
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Paragrippus (in children)
Also, viral pneumonia is caused by more rare viruses:
The SARS virus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), also known as "SARS"
Other varieties of viruses can only in some cases cause pneumonia:
Herpes simplex virus (HSV), more often leads to the development of pneumonia in newborns
Chicken pox virus
Cytomegalovirus, often causes pneumonia in people with reduced immunity
Pneumonia as a disease is an inflammation of the lungs, it is almost impossible to catch it, but you can pick up an ARI that can go into pneumonia ...
How to treat pneumonia in the home
How are pneumonia treated at home and what is the disease? Pneumonia in the people is called pneumonia. This is an infectious disease of the respiratory tract, which is caused by staphylococci, streptococci and a hemophilic rod. Most often, pneumonia occurs with weak immunity and in the off-season.
Light forms of pneumonia can be cured at home, but nevertheless it is necessary to adhere to the doctor's recommendations. But you should be aware that complications can occur in severe disease.
How does the infection occur?
The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. Disease-causing microorganisms penetrate the body if they contact the patient. They fall with the flow of air into the lungs, and from them into the blood. If a person already has a cold, suffers from diabetes, consumes alcohol or smokes, then he is more likely to develop pneumonia. In rare cases, it may cause a stagnant fluid, which is formed due to prolonged stay in a horizontal position.
Symptoms of pneumonia:
- Shortness of breath, it's hard to breathe in.
- Pain in chest and back.
- General weakness.
- Increased sweating at night.
- Confusion of consciousness.
- Pain in the joints and muscles.
- Increased temperature.
Symptoms can manifest to a greater or lesser extent, so you need to see a doctor to confirm or deny the assumption of the disease.
The incubation periodThe duration of the incubation period varies from 1-3 days to 1-2 weeks. It all depends on which pathogen it is caused.
Infection can occur if:
- There are violations of immunity, for example, AIDS.
- When inhomogeneous particles enter the person's airways.
- Caused by chlamydia, etc.
- With mechanical ventilation of the lungs.
- When organ transplantation.
- In persons living in shelters.
- Those who undergo blood purification.
- If the wounds at home are improperly treated.
The severity of the disease is determined only by the attending physician in the study of pulmonary tissues and the general condition of the respiratory tract.
Causes of occurrence:
- General hypothermia of the body.
- Concomitant diseases.
- Elderly age.
- Impairment of immunity.
- Acceptance of antibiotics.
- Medicines against phlegm.
- Immunomodulating drugs.
- Surgical intervention is possible.
Anyone can get pneumonia regardless of his age and living conditions. But some people have a higher probability of infection. This category includes the elderly, who must closely monitor their health.
As a rule, it is better to treat pneumonia in a hospital setting. If this is not possible, then the bed rest should be observed at home.The food should be full, the room is always ventilated and clean.You can not physically and mentally strain, you do not need to tire yourself and in no case can not bear the disease on your feet. Even after pneumonia is cured, you need to wait 10-15 weeks for the body to recover, only then you can go back to sports and lead an active lifestyle.
Pneumonia causes a worsening of appetite, but you need to eat at least a small portion, so that the body is not depleted. It is necessary to drink a sufficient amount of water, because the ailment comes out after a profuse sweating.If respiratory failure occurs, oxygen inhalation should be performed.
If treatment is carried out at home, then it is necessary to monitor the adoption of medications. Some of them are administered intramuscularly, and some can be taken orally, it all depends on the severity of the disease.
Treatment of pneumonia is carried out for 6-11 days, if there is no improvement in health status, then the antibiotic is changed to more effective.
The ailment provokes intoxication of the body, so it is necessary to drink medicines that remove toxins from the body. To cure pneumonia, one should eat well and consume more vitamins to improve immunity.
With fever and fever, which can last for more than one week after the onset of inflammation, it is necessary to use antipyretic drugs.
With a strong cough, expectorating syrups are prescribed. Treatment includes the use of antihistamines to exclude allergic reactions.
It is necessary to carry out the procedures until the X-ray shows complete recovery.
What is dangerous for pneumonia and predictions for the course of the disease?Disease can be complicated and affect other systems of organs. The disease can cause inflammation of the pleura. It can be purulent and is characterized by shortness of breath and attacks of severe suffocation.
The destruction of the lungs is due to a decrease in immunity with a long course of the disease. This purulent inflammation of the lung tissue can lead to gangrene. Pneumonia can cause myocarditis, pulmonary or heart failure, toxic shock and other.
It all depends on the age of the patient and the stage of the disease. In the normal course of the disease, complete recovery of the lung tissue is possible.
Can I use a diet to treat an illness?
The main feature of the menu for pneumonia is that food should be easily digested. This is due to the highest energy costs of the immune system.
In no case should you force yourself to eat without any appetite. Eat fruits that are rich in vitamins and nutrients. You can eat chicken broths and vegetable soups. At all stages of healing, one should drink a lot of water to "dilute" the toxins in the blood and remove them from the body. Useful tea with raspberries, water with a soda dissolved in it.
Despite the fact that doctors treat the disease in a hospital, competent therapy for the disease can be carried out at home. But at the same time one bed rest is not enough, it is necessary to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor. With pneumonia, you can not joke, because doctors and send patients to pulmonary hospitals.
Traditional medicine in the fight against the disease
Healing of pneumonia with folk remedies can be when the doctor has determined the course of treatment and the type of disease.
Folk remedies are auxiliary to the drug treatment prescribed by the doctor.In no case can not be treated at home without the advice of a doctor. On his part, regular monitoring of the patient's health is necessary.
Treatment with folk remedies:
- Garlic is a good tool in fighting pneumonia. Take 250 grams, make a gruel out of it, place it in a container and cover it with a lid to stand for 20 minutes. Then open, take 100 g of the juiciest mass of garlic and pour into it a liter of cahors. Leave the mixture for 14 days, then pass through the cheesecloth and put it in a glass container. So it can keep its properties for a long time in the refrigerator. The mixture should rub the breast.
- Take a huge bulb, squeeze out the juice from it, add honey in the same proportions. Drinking the medicine is necessary 3 times a day for 1 hour. l. 20 minutes before eating.
- Cut the onion and cook it in 300 g of milk, cover with a clean cloth boiled milk in a bowl and let it steep for 3 hours. Further strain the composition and pour the liquid into a glass container, so it will be kept longer (store only in the refrigerator). Use after 3 hours for 1 tbsp. l.
- Garlic - this is an effective tool in the fight against various ailments, but children refuse to use it. How to be? Take 1 hour. l. without a hill of herbal collection from the root of the althaea, pine buds, anise fruits, sage leaves and licorice root (they are in free access and they can be bought at any pharmacy), pour 300 ml of liquid, let it brew for 15 minutes and strain the infusion through gauze. Take 300 g of infusion 1 time in 2-, hours.
- 5 hours l. herbal collection containing hoof root, thyme, fennel, pine buds, anise, licorice root, pour a glass of water at room temperature, allow to stand for a couple of hours and boil. Cool, strain through gauze, drink for several meals per day.
- Gorciniks with pneumonia are an effective remedy. Along with ordinary mustard plasters, those that are sold in the pharmacy, it is allowed to use similar ones, but made of garlic. Chop garlic. On the chest and back, apply gauze, soaked with sunflower oil, put garlic pulp on them. The procedure time is 10 minutes, so as not to burn the skin.
- With pneumonia, inhalations will also help, for example, using fir oil (5 drops per large container of water).
- Very useful massage of the back and chest with the use of essential oils or mashed garlic.
Methods of prevention do not differ from such measures in any colds. It is necessary to wash hands thoroughly with soap before eating and after coming from the street. It is necessary to constantly maintain immunity, take vitamin complexes, do wellness procedures, walk in the fresh air, but do not overcool.
It is necessary to try to quit smoking, because this increases the risk of getting sick many and many times. In the spring and autumn, doctors are advised to wear medical gauze bandages to protect themselves from infection with influenza, which lowers the immunity of a person.