- Why dizziness occurs
- What causes nausea
- Concomitant diseases and pathologies
- Related videos
The causes of dizziness and nausea in women are very diverse. Symptoms can occur as a result of changes in the hormonal background during pregnancy, menopause, adolescence, because of premenstrual syndrome, and may be a sign of pathology.
To find out the cause of the ailment, you need to see a doctor and get tested. Only after the diagnosis is made, one can begin therapy of the underlying disease and stop taking measures to stop the symptoms.
Why dizziness occurs
When dizzy, there is a feeling that the soil is getting out from under your feet, objects rotate or space is distorted. Violation can occur in pathological processes in the inner ear, eyes, musculoskeletal system, central and peripheral nervous system.
Severe vertigo can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, tinnitus, headache, fear, nystagmus, pallor, instability, increased sweating, changes in blood pressure( BP).Distinguish between physiological and pathological dizziness. The first arises after the view from the moving object has moved to the stationary, if you look at the swinging object, with the rotation of the body around the axis.
Pathological dizziness occurs in various diseases, including diabetes mellitus, anemia, infectious diseases, poisoning, gout, uremia, stomach diseases. Also, the symptom arises reflexively when irritating the rectal mucosa.
What causes nausea
Nausea is characterized by a painful sensation "under the spoon," in the chest and mouth. The symptom is often a harbinger of vomiting and is often accompanied by weakness, increased salivation, sweating, pallor, lower blood pressure.
There is nausea due to irritation of the vomiting center, when the intensity is sufficient, then vomiting occurs. The sensation of a nausea appears and at a disadvantage of peristaltic reductions of a stomach. Nausea can be due to a violation of brain, reflex, metabolic activity or to have a toxic nature.
Like vomiting, nausea most often appears with the development of organic pathology, intoxication, with the disease of the vestibular apparatus, the digestive system, less often it is the result of a pathological conditioned reflex. In toxic damage endo- and exotoxins circulate through the bloodstream and irritate the vomiting center, which he tries to free the stomach from the accumulated toxic substances.
Some substances, for example, copper sulfate, cause reflex nausea, affecting the receptors of the gastric mucosa
Reflex nausea occurs when the receptors of the root of the tongue, throat, pharynx, stomach, intestine, liver and its ducts, pancreas, uterus, inner ear, bronchi, pleura. Toxins enter the blood from the outside( with water, food, drugs) or they accumulate in the body, because they can not be withdrawn because of the development of pathology( renal failure, radiation sickness, diabetic ketoacidosis).
Nausea is a sign of the following digestive system diseases:
- peptic ulcer disease;
- oncology of the stomach;
- food poisoning;
- of cholecystitis;
- acute appendicitis;
- helminthic invasion;
- of hepatic colic;
There is nausea in women and with gynecological pathologies( ectopic pregnancy, adnexitis, apoplexy of the ovary), which is often accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen. Reflex nausea can also be psychogenic. So, hysterical women can experience an unpleasant sensation in the mornings, because of excitement, fatigue, in a conflict situation.
Nausea can also be felt due to hypovitaminosis, endocrine diseases( adrenal insufficiency, premenstrual syndrome, hypothyroidism)
Concomitant diseases and pathologies
Because nausea and dizziness may occur for various reasons, and sometimes nauseating or vomiting due to dizziness, it is necessary to consider the symptoms of the disease in the complex.
If dizziness and nausea occur simultaneously with diarrhea, this indicates the presence of infection in the digestive tract, inflammation of the intestinal mucosa or lack of enzymes.
Nausea can begin due to the use of poor-quality products, insufficient heat treatment of meat, after having tried the exotic dishes, as a result of a violation of the meal schedule( starvation or overeating), regular eating of fatty, heavy, smoked food.
Improper nutrition leads to a violation of the digestive function, inflammation of the gastric mucosa, deterioration of the motor, which causes the emergence of reflex nausea and dizziness. If you pay more attention to the diet, the activity of the gastrointestinal tract is normalized and the symptoms will pass.
In women, nausea, dizziness can occur as a result of hormonal changes in the body during pubertal period, menopause( about 50 years), pregnancy, during menstruation. These symptoms refer to the physiological response of the body and in most cases do not require symptomatic drug therapy.
Drugs may be required if nausea is accompanied by frequent vomiting and diarrhea, while reducing body weight and signs of dehydration. Sometimes dizziness and nausea in a woman arises from the development of pathology, which requires drug therapy.
When penetrating the body of a pathogenic bacterium or virus, in addition to nausea and headache, dizziness, diarrhea( 10-15 times a day), fever, chills, multiple vomiting. With rotovirus infection, the temperature rises to 40 ° C, after vomiting, relief comes, white or yellow stools, possibly with mucus, respiratory symptoms, appetite absent, weakness and apathy.
Adenovirus causes a high temperature, which lasts for several days, a copious and watery stool, enlarged lymph nodes, inflammation in the oral cavity, conjunctivitis. Enterovirus causes myalgia, pain in the heart, inflammation of the nasopharynx, conjunctivitis, phobia of light.
Dizziness and vomiting occur with the following acute infectious diseases:
- typhoid fever;
- is an escherichia;
- Hepatitis A.
Viral infection enters the body with contaminated water or food, if basic hygiene rules are not followed. Hepatitis is transmitted through biological fluids, and botulinum toxin multiplies in canned food prepared at home.
If pathogenic bacteria enter the digestive tract, then the products of their vital activity are poisoned. Food toxic infections occur with symptoms of acute gastroenteritis, intoxication and dehydration. Poisoning is characterized by an acute onset.
The patient complains of cramping pain in the abdominal area, nausea, multiple vomiting, diarrhea more than 10 times a day, fever, chills, weakness, headache, palpitations.
Depending on the pathogen symptoms of poisoning will be different. So, staphylococcus does not cause fever and diarrhea, but provokes seizures and cyanotic skin, clostridia affects the large intestine, so blood appears in the stool.
The source of infection are infected people, animals and birds, some bacteria can maintain viability in water and soil, feces. The mechanism of transmission of the pathogen is fecal-oral, mainly through food( meat, dairy products, fish).
Diseases of the digestive system
Dizziness and nausea are caused by acute or chronic diseases of the digestive system:
- gastritis( pain in the epigastric region increases after eating);
- peptic ulcer( hungry pain or pain immediately after eating, vomiting with an admixture of blood);
- hepatitis( pain right under the ribs, icterus, organ enlargement, darkening of urine, light feces);
- pancreatitis( severe blunt or cutting pain on the left under the ribs or in the region of the sword-like appendage, dry mouth, eructation, heartburn, there is no relief after vomiting, in the vomit masses bile, in stool undigested food);
- cholecystitis( paroxysmal pain in the right part of the abdomen, giving to the scapula, shoulder, collarbone, weakness, sweating, bloating, vomiting with bile, bitterness in the mouth, belching bitter, jaundice);
- appendicitis( pain in the right upper quadrant, forced position of the body, pain decreases if lying on the right side).
The development of the disease or its aggravation leads to non-compliance with diet, overeating or starvation, alcohol consumption, excessive emotional or physical exertion. Often a decrease in the function of one organ leads to the development of pathologies in other organs of the digestive system.
For example, with the development of gastritis, the gastric mucosa becomes inflamed, eventually manifestations( peptic ulcer disease) are formed in the tissue that begin to bleed or may become so thin that the contents of the stomach exit into the peritoneum( peritonitis) or into the adjacent organ if the ulcer formed near the sphincter, then reflux occurs( GERD).
Alimentary hypoglycemia can also develop in a healthy person, for example:
- after excessive intake of easily assimilated carbohydrates, which is due to the rapid absorption of glucose and a lack of insulin;
- for severe prolonged physical work( muscle energy is taken from carbohydrates);
- in women during lactation, due to the rapid transport of glucose into the cells of the breast.
Neurogenic hypoglycemia develops in people emotionally labile, especially after physical or mental stress on an empty stomach. Severe dizziness and nausea in a woman can occur if she adheres to a strict diet, especially if the body lacks glucose.
Hypoglycemia can develop as a result of pathology, for example, with pancreatic disease( many insulin is produced), liver tissue damage, glycogenoses( no enzyme that facilitates glycogen transfer to glucose), kidney damage( glucose is excreted from the blood).
Symptom may occur in the postoperative period( after resection of the stomach), if hormones are not synthesized insulin antagonists. Hypoglycemia also occurs in diabetes mellitus, which can be very dangerous, as it leads to hypoglycemic coma.
The brain does not receive energy because of what there is weakness, trembling of limbs, increased salivation, a feeling of hunger and fear, mental disorders. With alimentary hypoglycemia, the patient should not be given sugar, since this will only exacerbate his condition, it is necessary to introduce adrenaline, which will cause the mobilization of glycogen.
Parasitic animals penetrate the human body and feed at its expense( blood, tissues) while causing significant damage to health. Excrete helminthiases( ascaridosis, enterobiosis, schistosomiasis), protozoosis( giardiasis, malaria, toxoplasmosis, amoebiasis).In the acute phase of the disease allergic reactions of the organism to the products of the vital activity of the parasite or its larvae occur, and after the symptom depends on which organ is "occupied".
Signs of parasite infection are:
- weight loss;
- increased gas production;
- stool disorder;
- decreased immunity;
- fatigue, drowsiness;
Parasites can "grab" the intestines, which causes an inflammatory reaction and bleeding. With giardiasis invasion there is dull or cramping pain in the abdomen, nausea, flatulence, unstable stool.
In rare cases, with infection with toxoplasmosis, the temperature rises, lymph nodes, liver and spleen increase, pains in the heart, and shortness of breath. Chronic toxoplasmosis can be manifested by headache, weakness, subfebrile temperature, emotional lability, rarely develop pathologies from the internal organs.
There are many reasons for the reduction of hemoglobin in the blood. The shortage of red cells and hemoglobin in the blood can be caused by a lack of iron, cobalamin, folic acid, nematode infestation( ankylostomia), impaired intestinal absorption of proteins, minerals and vitamins( anentral anemia) and other factors.
Usually pathology is manifested by weakness, decreased efficiency, shortness of breath, palpitations in exercise, pallor. With a severe disease, dizziness, tinnitus, and possibly visual impairment are frequent( "flies", reduced acuity).
There are more than 80 diseases that can be manifested by dizziness and nausea, in women this figure is somewhat higher due to frequent hormonal changes and diseases associated with the organs of the reproductive system.
Because nausea and dizziness can be caused by diseases of the digestive, cardiovascular system, due to circulatory disorders in the brain, osteochondrosis, anemia, poisoning, infections, it is very difficult to determine what caused the disease on your own. Depending on the pathology, medication is prescribed, so before you start treatment, you need to visit a doctor to find out what triggered the disease.