Diseases associated with the organs of vision are always very unpleasant. Often they reduce efficiency, are forced to change the habitual way of life and cause fear of a complete loss of opportunity to see. One of the most common diseases that reduce the quality of vision is cataract. In case of complications, it can be difficult to treat, therefore it is necessary to start to eliminate the disease immediately when the first symptoms appear.
- 1Definition of disease
- 4Possible complications
- 5.3People's means
Definition of disease
Cataract is a disease of the eye, as a result of which the lens (biconvex transparent body) becomes cloudy.In this case, turbidity can be both partial and complete. The consequence of the latter can be blindness. Also, cataracts are congenital and acquired.
Currently around the world, pathology affects about twenty million people. In the risk group, as a rule, people over the age of fifty years and patients who have vision problems of a different nature.
The congenital form of cataracts practically does not give in to treatment and is a consequence of an anomaly of differentiation of the lens of the eye in the womb of the mother. The risk of cataract formation in the acquired form increases with the years and its causes can be:
- Complications of diseases of the visual apparatus;
- Injuries of varying severity;
- Chemical and radiation burns and toxic preparations;
- Bad habits;
- Radiation and X-ray irradiation;
- Negative effects of hormonal drugs;
- Infectious diseases of the whole body.
With age, the lens tissue thickens, which increases the risk of an illness. Therefore, after forty years of monitoring the condition of the eyes is particularly important. It is also recommended not to allow complications of other diseases of the visual organs and to pass preventive diagnostics in a timely manner.
The most important sign of cataracts is a decreased vision. Against this background may develop myopia or hyperopia. In this case, as the disease progresses, new symptoms may appear.
In addition, often a person experiences:
- Changes in the color of the pupil, its turbidity;
- The appearance of optical effects, spots of various shapes (often resemble splashes);
- Intolerance to bright lighting;
- Tarnishing the image;
- Violation of the perception of colors;
- The appearance of strabismus (often with a congenital form).
Also read about the first symptoms of eye cancer.
At the last stage of the development of the disease, complete loss of vision is possible.
As the course of the disease gradually develops amaurosis, and the quality of vision decreases at each new stage. In addition, the following pathologies may occur:
- Phacogenic glaucoma;
- Retinal atrophy;
- Dislocation of the lens.
In some cases, accompanying anomalies do not allow full recovery of vision. That is why cataracts should be treated with the first symptoms.
The initial stages of cataract elimination include diagnosis and selection of the method.The investigation of the problem is carried out with the help of primary and hardware examination, ultrasound examination and measurement of intraocular pressure. Also, the patient's medical history and complaints can influence the choice of the treatment method. It is also important to take into account the stage of progression of pathology.
Currently, a lot of medicines have been developed for treating cataracts. ATmainly they are designed to improve the metabolism in the tissues of the eye, which stops the progression of the disease.For example, such drugs include Taufon and Oftan Katahorm.However, such a technique has a significant disadvantage. Its effectiveness and effectiveness ends with stopping the use of medicines. In addition, it can be useful only in the early stages of the course of the disease.
Surgical treatment of the disease may be more useful. The operation for the treatment of cataracts is called phacoemulsification. It includes the operation itself and the rehabilitation period. This method is considered to be the most effective to date. It consists in carrying out the procedure for replacing the patient lens with an artificial one, which is able to serve practically until the end of life. The operation can be performed both with a scalpel and with the use of new technologies: ultrasound and laser.
The rehabilitation period also requires a special approach. In order to prevent postoperative complications, accelerate healing and improve the patient's condition, ophthalmologists usually prescribe the following types of medications:
- Anti-inflammatory(Diklo F);
- Antibacterial (Froccal);
- Preparations like "artificial tear"(Systemin);
Also during the recovery period, it is necessary to abolish all kinds of physical activities, to include in the daily diet of vitamin-rich foods, to avoid hypothermia.
As an additional means for eliminating cataracts, let us accept traditional medicines. Among the safest and most effective are the following:
- Eye drops from aloe.Two parts of the plant juice must be mixed with one part of the vivipar and the same amount of Kalanchoe juice. It is enough to dig in one to two drops in each eye three times a day.
- Pine grease. One part of the gum is mixed with three parts of sunflower oil and apply one drop once a day.
- Lotion of dill.It is necessary to take three tablespoons of seeds and pour them a glass of boiling water for half an hour. Such a composition is effective only in a warm form.
Do not use traditional recipes as an alternative to professional medicine. Before using the technique, consult a doctor.
Prevention of the onset and development of cataracts is especially important for older people and those who are being treated for other eye diseases. The main recommendations for prevention include:
- Regular visit to the ophthalmologist for diagnosis of the condition of the visual apparatus;
- Reception of useful food stuffs;
- Rejection of bad habits;
- Timely treatment of eye diseases;
- Use of protection against ultraviolet radiation(Sunglasses);
- Observance of the main rules of personal hygiene;
- Correct distribution of physical activity and ensuring a proper rest;
- Reduction of the load on the visual apparatus;
- Reception of preventive eye drops (on the recommendation of a doctor).
Many people are very afraid of vision loss, especially those who suffer from any eye diseases. Cataract is a fairly common and dangerous disease, as it can lead to complete blindness. However, this is possible only if you do not start treatment on time in one of the effective methods. And if you conduct a correct and timely medical intervention, you can forever forget about this problem without any consequences.