Episcleritis of the eye: signs, causes, treatment

Epicleritis of the eye is a fairly easy disease, not causing too much discomfort, despite the fact that its course is accompanied by inflammatory processes. However, due to the fact that the disease spoils the appearance and gives relapses some time after recovery, it is necessary to treat and do preventive procedures.

Content

  • 1Definition of disease
  • 2Causes
  • 3Symptoms
  • 4Possible complications
  • 5Treatment
    • 5.1Medication
    • 5.2Surgically
    • 5.3People's means
  • 6Prevention
  • 7Video
  • 8conclusions

Definition of disease

Epicleritis of the eye is a disease accompanied by inflammatory processes of the episclera, which is located between the sclera and conjunctiva.As a rule, it has a benign form and often passes without medical assistance.

The incidence rate is currently difficult to determine, because most patients do not seek medical help. According to statistics, most often episcleritis is detected in women over forty.

There are two forms of episcleritis: nodular and simple.

Causes

At present it is difficult to say what are the prerequisites for the emergence of episcleritis. Most often it appears and develops for no apparent reason. However, there are concomitant diseases, among which:

  • Arthritis;
  • Polyarteritis;
  • Gout;
  • Allergic reactions;
  • Irritation of the mucous chemical;
  • Foreign bodies in the eye;
  • Traumatic injuries of the eyeball;
  • Bacterial infections;
  • Granuloma (from the bite of insects);
  • Paraproteinemia;
  • Adrenal insufficiency.

Provoke the appearance of the disease can fungal diseases, viruses, developing tuberculosis and syphilis.

People suffering from any of the listed diseases, it is recommended to undergo more frequent preventive examinations with an ophthalmologist.

Symptoms

One of the main symptoms of both forms of episcleritis is reddening of the sclera as a result of blood vessel overflow. The knot form requires a small formation of up to three millimeters. In addition, the patient may experience malaise and the following symptoms:

  • Edema of the eyelids;
  • Headache;
  • Photophobia;
  • Painful sensations;
  • Excessive lacrimation;
  • Edema of the conjunctiva and sclera.

Possible complications

The disease has an easy form of flow, so it does not give complications and often passes without professional treatment.However, it is important to remember that it is able to give relapses, which means that prevention and regular visits to the ophthalmologist are necessary.

Complications in most cases can give diseases that are prerequisites for the onset of inflammation. Therefore, they must also be treated promptly.

Treatment

As a rule, treatment of this pathology is accompanied by elimination of the cause. Therefore, it is possible to observe several specialists at once.

Medication

As a rule, inflammation is treated with artificial tears and corticosteroids.The latter include antiallergenic drops, vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory drugs of topical application. Inside, non-steroid medications are prescribed. For the duration of treatment, it is recommended to remove all irritants that can cause an allergic reaction and improve nutrition.

Good tools are: dimedrol, calcium chloride, cortisone. Means can also be used to eliminate the most pronounced and unpleasant symptoms.

Preparations of the series "Artificial Tear"

During treatment, wearing contact lenses is not advisable

.

Surgically

As a rule, to eliminate the disease, surgical intervention is not required. In some cases physiotherapeutic procedures are shown. It is possible to perform an operation to eliminate the concomitant pathology.

People's means

In order to accelerate recovery, you can use safe recipes of traditional medicine.Aloe juice, mixed with boiled water in a ratio of one to ten, can be instilled in the eye four times a day until the condition improves. You can also use eyewash with a tincture. To make it, you must mix in equal quantities the crushed flowers of cornflower, chamomile and burdock. Spoon a tablespoon of the mixture with a glass of boiling water and insist at room temperature until it is completely cooled. You can also make lotions with this infusion.

Prevention

In order to reduce the risk of epicleritis, the following measures must be taken:

  • Timely treatment of existing pathologies;
  • Regularly visit the office of an ophthalmologist(at least once a year);
  • Keep the eyes clean and hygienic;
  • Do not touch the eyeballs with your hands;
  • Avoid traumatic eye injuries;
  • Correctly distribute the load on the eyes;
  • With a long work (including a computer), requiring concentration,take small breaks.

Video

conclusions

Episleritis - is included in the category of diseases that do not have definite causes of occurrence, easily flow and practically do not have complications. Cure this ailment, as a rule, is also not difficult. However, patients are always advised to carefully monitor their health status, since pathology can manifest itself after a while, and the reasons for its appearance - worsen overall health organism.

Also, read about eye diseases such as keratoconjunctivitis and retinal angiopathy.

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