The first signs of pneumonia in children and adults
Pneumonia is a disease that has an infectious origin and is characterized by inflammation of the lung tissue in the event of provoking physical or chemical factors such as:
- Complications after viral diseases (influenza, ARVI), atypical bacteria (chlamydia, mycoplasma, legionella)
- Effects on the respiratory system of various chemical agents - poisonous fumes and gases (see. chlorine in household chemicals is hazardous to health)
- Radioactive radiation, to which infection is attached
- Allergic processes in the lungs - allergic cough, COPD, bronchial asthma
- Thermal factors - hypothermia or burns of the respiratory tract
- Inhalation of liquids, food or foreign bodies can cause aspiration pneumonia.
The cause of the development of pneumonia is the emergence of favorable conditions for the multiplication of various pathogenic bacteria in the lower respiratory tract. The original causative agent of pneumonia is the aspergillus mushroom, which was the culprit of the sudden and mysterious deaths of researchers of the Egyptian pyramids. Owners of domestic birds or lovers of urban pigeons can get chlamydial pneumonia.
For today, all pneumonia is divided into:
- out-of-hospital, arising under the influence of various infectious and non-infectious agents outside the walls of hospitals
- hospital, which cause hospital-acquired microbes, often very resistant to traditional antibiotic treatment.
The frequency of detection of various infectious agents in community-acquired pneumonia is presented in the table.
|Causative agent||Average% detection|
|Streptococcus is the most frequent pathogen. Pneumonia caused by this pathogen is the leader in the frequency of death from pneumonia.||3, %|
|Mycoplasma - affects most children, young people.||1, %|
|Chlamydia - chlamydial pneumonia is typical for people of young and middle age.||1, %|
|Legionella - a rare pathogen, affects weakened people and is the leader after streptococcus in frequency deaths (contamination in rooms with artificial ventilation - shopping centers, airports)||, %|
|Hemophilus rod - causes pneumonia in patients with chronic bronchial and lung diseases, as well as in smokers.||, %|
|Enterobacteria are rare pathogens, affecting mainly patients with renal / hepatic, cardiac insufficiency, diabetes mellitus.||, %|
|Staphylococcus is a frequent pathogen of pneumonia in the elderly population, and complications in patients after the flu.||, %|
|Other pathogens||, %|
|The causative agent is not installed||3, %|
When confirming the diagnosis, depending on the type of pathogen, the age of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases, appropriate therapy is conducted, in severe cases, treatment should be performed in a hospital setting, with mild forms of inflammation, hospitalization of the patient is not necessary.
Characteristic first signs of pneumonia, the vastness of the inflammatory process, acute development and the risk of serious complications when untimely treatment - are the main reasons for the urgent circulation of the population for medical care. Currently, a fairly high level of development of medicine, improved diagnostic methods, as well as a huge list antibacterial drugs of a wide spectrum of action have considerably lowered a death rate from an inflammation of lungs (see. antibiotics for bronchitis).
Typical first signs of pneumonia in adults
The main symptom of the development of pneumonia is a cough, usually it is first dry, obtrusive and persistent. protivokashlevye, expectorants with a dry cough), but in rare cases cough at the beginning of the disease can be rare and not strong. Then, as the inflammation develops, the cough becomes pneumatic with pneumonia, with a discharge of mucopurulent sputum (yellow-green color).
Any catarrhal virus disease should not last more than 7 days, and a sharp deterioration after 4-7 days after the onset of an acute respiratory viral infection or influenza indicates the onset of an inflammatory process in the lower respiratory tract.
Body temperature can be very high up to 39-40C, and may remain low-grade 37.1-37.5C (with atypical pneumonia). Therefore, even with a low body temperature, coughing, weakness and other signs of malaise, you should definitely consult a doctor. Caution should be a repeated temperature jump after a light gap during the course of a viral infection.
If the patient has a very high temperature, one of the signs of inflammation in the lungs is the inefficiency of antipyretic drugs.
Pain with deep breath and cough. The lung itself does not hurt, as it is devoid of pain receptors, but involvement in the pleura process gives a pronounced pain syndrome.
In addition to cold symptoms, the patient has dyspnea and pale skin.
General weakness, increased sweating, chills, decreased appetite are also characteristic for intoxication and the onset of the inflammatory process in the lungs.
If such symptoms appear either in the midst of a cold, or a few days after the improvement, these may be the first signs of pneumonia. The patient should immediately consult a doctor to undergo a complete examination:
- To pass blood tests - general and biochemical
- To make a roentgenography of a thorax, if necessary and a computer tomography
- Sputum for culture and sensitivity of the pathogen to antibiotics
- Sputum for culture and microscopic determination of mycobacterium tuberculosis
The main first signs of pneumonia in children
Symptoms of pneumonia in children have several characteristics. Attentive parents may suspect the development of pneumonia with the following discomforts in the child:
Body temperature above 38C, lasting for more than three days, not knocked down by antipyretic agents, may also not be a high temperature up to 37.5, especially in young children. At the same time, all signs of intoxication are manifested - weakness, increased sweating, lack of appetite. Small children (as well as elderly people), can not give high temperature fluctuations with pneumonia. This is due to imperfect thermoregulation and immaturity of the immune system.
There is frequent shortness of breath: in children up to 2 months of age, 60 breaths per minute, up to 1 year, 50 breaths, after a year, 40 breaths per minute. Often the child spontaneously tries to lie down on one side. Parents can notice another sign of pneumonia in a child, if you undress a baby, then when you breathe from a sick lung you can notice the retraction of the skin in between the ribs and the lag in the process of breathing one side of the chest. There may be irregular breathing rhythm, with periodic stops of breathing, changes in the depth and frequency of breathing. In infants, shortness of breath is characterized by the fact that the child begins to nod his head in time with the breath, the baby can stretch his lips and inflate his cheeks, foamy discharge from the nose and mouth can appear.
- Atypical pneumonia
Inflammation of the lungs caused by mycoplasma and chlamydia differ in that first the disease passes like a cold, a dry cough appears, a runny nose, a sore throat, but the presence of dyspnea and a stably high temperature should alert parents to the development of pneumonia.
- Character of cough
Because of the perspiration in the throat, only coughing can appear first, then the cough becomes dry and painful, which is amplified by crying, feeding the baby. Later, the cough becomes wet.
- Behavior of the child
Children with pneumonia become whimsical, whiny, sluggish, they are disturbed by sleep, sometimes they can completely refuse to eat, and also appear diarrhea and vomiting, in infants - regurgitation and rejection of the breast.
- Blood test
In the general analysis of blood, changes are detected that indicate an acute inflammatory process - increased ESR, leukocytosis, neutrophilia. Shift of the leukoformula to the left with increasing stab and segmented leukocytes. In viral pneumonia, along with high ESR, there is an increase in leukocytes due to lymphocytes.
With timely access to a doctor, adequate therapy and proper care for a sick child or adult, pneumonia does not lead to serious complications. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of pneumonia, the patient should be given medical care as soon as possible.
What is the temperature with pneumonia?
Pneumonia is one of the most dangerous diseases of the respiratory system. The complexity of diagnosis is that pathology often occurs asymptomatically, especially in the early stages. Therefore, many people are interested in what temperature is usually observed with pneumonia, what signs will help distinguish this disease from other lesions.
Body temperature with pneumonia
The disease under consideration develops as a result of infection with bacteria. These microorganisms give off a special kind of toxins called pyrogens. These substances, getting into the blood, provoke a response of the immune system, which, in turn, causes an increase in body temperature. With the normal functioning of immunity, the column of the thermometer rises only to 37-38 degrees, usually in the evening, and in the morning the temperature drops to 36.6. This indicates the onset of slow or focal pneumonia.
If the thermometer shows the values of 38-40, it is an acute inflammation of the lungs. In addition to this symptom, the patient suffers from chills, dry cough, insomnia, aches in bones and joints. It is worth noting that the described variety of pneumonia is fraught with a fatal outcome, especially with low immunity and lack of timely treatment. The high temperature in pneumonia often indicates not the bacterial, but the viral nature of the disease, so the use of antibiotics in this situation is impractical.
How much does the temperature persist with pneumonia?
In focal pneumonia, low values of the considered indicator are observed from 3-4 days to 8-10 days. As a rule, the disease does not pose a threat to life, it proceeds relatively easily and is quickly cured. If both lungs are affected, durationfever is increased to 2-3 weeks.
Acute inflammation does not have a typical course. High temperature can last as long as 1-3 days, and several months, depending on the pathogen and the degree of respiratory tract damage.
The longest is pneumonia with a temperature of 37 degrees in chronic form. Prolonged pneumonia often goes unnoticed, since a slight increase in body temperature is not accompanied by stable clinical manifestations, the disease then recurs, then damps. This leads to irreversible pathological changes in lung tissue, severe complications.
Inflammation of the lungs: symptoms (without temperature). What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Unfortunately, pneumonia occurs quite often. Respiratory organs are very sensitive to all kinds of infections, bacteria and fungi. Many people often ask the question: "What are the symptoms of pneumonia?" Is it necessary to have a high temperature? Many diseases are latent in nature. Often in a latent form and inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms without temperature significantly complicate the diagnosis.
Pneumonia is a serious disease of the respiratory system, which affects the lung tissue. This condition can provoke streptococci, staphylococci, other bacteria, chlamydia, legionella, some fungi (eg, candida), influenza viruses, herpes. Infection "settles" is not in the nasopharynx, but falls below, causing inflammation in the lungs. The products of the vital activity of pathogens, which are inherently toxins, poison the body. Special harm is done to the central nervous system, the heart and blood flow organs. Pathogens penetrate the body by airborne droplets. Often, the disease can cause bacteria that inhabit the upper respiratory tract.
In general, pneumonia develops on the background of a weakening of immunity and respiratory diseases. With significant supercooling, the defenses of the body weaken, and harmful microbes penetrate into the lung tissue without much difficulty. In addition, overwork, poor nutrition, lack of essential vitamins and minerals, stress and strong emotional outbursts also contribute to the development of a disease such as pneumonia. Symptoms (without fever or with a significant increase in it), cough should alert the patient. The danger of a latent course of the disease lies in the fact that there is a high risk of all possible complications (damage to the central nervous system and the cerebral cortex, decrease in the level of red blood cells in the blood) and so on. The mildly flowing disease is not paid special attention, it is not difficult to confuse it with other similar ailments.
Types of pneumonia
Pneumonia can develop as an independent disease (primary), and as a complication after the transferred infectious diseases (secondary). Depending on which area of the lung is affected, the following types are distinguished: focal, segmental, lobar, draining, total pneumonia. In the first type, a small area of the lung tissue becomes inflamed. Segmental affects several segments, and the share can spread even to the whole organ. With drain inflammation, small areas merge into one large one. Total pneumonia affects all of the lungs. If the inflammation is present in one lobe, then they say one-sided pneumonia. But if the disease touched both, then bilateral inflammation of the lungs is diagnosed. Symptoms (without temperature and cough, including) can be used to judge the development of SARS. By type of pathogen, the following types can be distinguished: bacterial, parasitic, viral, fungal inflammation of the lungs.
Classic Symptoms of Pneumonia
The most common is pneumonia as a complication in acute respiratory infections. As an independent disease in infections, it is not so widespread. What are the first symptoms of pneumonia? Cough, which has a permanent character, and over time it becomes stiff, with phlegm. The body temperature is significantly increased, the person is shivering. Paracetamol often does not have any effect. It becomes hard to breathe, an attempt to take a deep breath provokes a fit of coughing. It is worth paying attention to the bluish shade of the skin around the mouth and wings of the nose. If the catarrhal disease does not pass in a week, or the symptoms worsen, the doctor may also suspect pneumonia. Knowing which symptoms of pneumonia most often occur will help in time to consult a doctor. After all, this disease is extremely dangerous, especially in young children.
Pneumonia. Symptoms without fever
Unfortunately, it is widely believed that pneumonia is a disease in which a high fever is required. Her absence misleads people, they do not even suspect that a disease such as pneumonia is already developing. Symptoms without temperature characterize atypical pneumonia. General lethargy, fatigue, headache, nausea - all these signs a person often closes his eyes. In addition, it is possible to suspect pneumonia if breathing becomes severe, there is pain in the chest, dyspnea appears. A cough that does not go away for a long time should be alerted. All this is the main feature. Inflammation of the lungs (the symptoms are often contradictory) requires a complete examination to confirm diagnosis, including X-ray and blood tests to determine the level of leukocytes.
Pneumonia in children
And how does pneumonia develop in children? The disease has its own characteristics. Inflammation of the lungs in infants has the following symptoms: lethargy, anxiety, poor sleep and appetite. Atypical pneumonia is characterized by the fact that the child constantly wants to sleep, he literally falls asleep on the go. He will not perform the usual actions for him, he does not want to play if the inflammation of the lungs develops. Symptoms (without temperature) also include increased sweating, pain in different parts of the body. Children become more capricious during the period of the disease. If there is a suspicion of the usual inflammation of the lungs, Komarovsky's symptoms are as follows: a prolonged cough, high body temperature does not go away after 3-4 days. You can conduct a small test. If more muscle participates in breathing, it is given as it were with difficulty, then the development of pneumonia is possible. To make a diagnosis, you should consult a pediatrician. Obligatory is a blood test, which will determine the level of leukocytes.
If an appropriate diagnosis is made, therapy should be started immediately. Atypical pneumonia is well treated with antibiotics, which are selected depending on the type of pathogen. On average, the duration of treatment is approximately 10 days. In addition, the doctor prescribes special cough preparations. They contribute to the dilution of phlegm. Incorrectly selected medications (if the patient decided to prescribe themselves) will only intensify the coughing attacks and make it tough. If there is a high fever, then you can take antipyretic medications alone. Over the course of the illness, a generous warm drink is recommended. If the patient's age is less than 60 years, and there are no accompanying diseases, then therapy can be carried out at home. Indications for hospitalization are the risk of complications, severe form of the disease, age over 60 years. In addition to antibiotic therapy, a specialist can prescribe respiratory gymnastics, vitamin preparations, massage and exercise therapy.
Actions that can not be performed with pneumonia
If all signs are found (inflammation of the lungs symptoms are sufficiently characteristic) of this disease, then it is important to remember and what to do absolutely not. First of all, you should not take antibiotics yourself. Only in the case of a complete clinical picture with an established type of pathogen the specialist prescribes the necessary preparations. You can not warm up your chest. A sauna, a sauna and hot tubs are strictly forbidden. Cough medicine is also prescribed only by a doctor. If the body temperature does not exceed 37.5 ° C, then do not take antipyretics. It is necessary to give the body the opportunity to fight pneumonia on its own. Large physical exertion, lack of bed rest will only exacerbate the course of the disease. Even if hospitalization is not needed, it is not worth bearing the disease on your feet.
Inflammation of the lungs in animals
Pneumonia often occurs in animals. It is very important to know that such a condition is a direct threat to the life of the pet. Inflammation of the lungs in cats has symptoms similar to those seen in humans. First of all, a cough develops. In addition, the animal loses its activity, refuses to eat. What symptoms of pneumonia can be observed yet? One of them is high temperature. To confirm the diagnosis, an X-ray examination is performed. Inflammation of the lungs in dogs has the same symptoms. However, often four-legged friends retain their usual activity and lead a seemingly ordinary way of life. When the condition is stable, when the animal is active and has a normal appetite, the therapy is carried out at home. If the cat or dog is passive, badly eats, then before the normalization of the state of treatment occurs in the hospital. Everything, as at people. Sometimes our friends have smaller and critical condition, which requires ventilation. As in the case of humans, treatment of cats and dogs can not do without the use of antibacterial drugs. Additionally, physiotherapy, which helps to separate sputum, is also shown. If the therapy is carried out at home, it is worth paying attention to weather conditions. Unusual walks in wet, rainy weather. It is important to complete the course of taking antibiotics according to the recommendations of the veterinarian.
What are the first signs of pneumonia in an adult
Pneumonia (pneumonia) can develop in different ways, depending on many factors: the type of pathogen, the way it enters the lungs, the individual characteristics of the body.Often a person with pneumonia does not even suspect that he has health problems and does not consult a doctor, hoping to be cured by domestic methods. As a result, health can be severely damaged. Therefore it is important to know what are the symptoms of pneumonia, especially at the very beginning of the disease, in order to start treatment as soon as possible.
Classic signs of beginning pneumonia
In most cases, the onset of pneumonia is manifested by symptoms such as coughing, runny nose, sneezing. Then there comes a rise in temperature and a breakdown - fatigue, fatigue. After a while these symptoms can be supplemented with shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air. Often also about the beginning of pneumonia is evidence of a strong sweating, which can not be explained by objective reasons (hot weather, high physical loads, etc.). At such signs it is necessary to address to the doctor and pass or take place inspection which includes a roentgen of lungs, and in different projections.
Symptoms of developing pneumonia
However, pneumonia may be accompanied by other symptoms. For example, it often develops as a complication against the background of influenza. Then her symptoms are: pain ("aches") in the joints and muscles, headache, severe weakness in the body. Runny nose and sneezing, as a rule, no. Cough causes pain in the chest, often with sputum. With such symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor and do not refuse hospitalization if it is offered.
If the pathogen causing pneumonia is bacteria of the genus "legionella", the initial symptoms are: lethargy, weakness, sore throat. Often the onset of the disease is accompanied by severe diarrhea.
With pneumonia caused by a particular kind of microorganisms - mycoplasmas, the first signs of the disease are: general weakness (though, in most cases cases, insignificant), headache, perspiration in the throat, as well as a prolonged cough - at first dry, and then with sputum discharge. There is swelling of the nasopharynx, bronchitis can develop. Body temperature is increased slightly. But on the 5th-7th day of the disease, it can reach 39-40oC. To knock down a heat of a body in house conditions at times it is very complex or difficult.
In any case, to put the correct diagnosis and prescribe the treatment can only the doctor. Therefore, it is better not to risk and seek medical advice.
Is there pneumonia without fever? Pneumonia without fever and cough
Pneumonia is a very dangerous disease, which can lead to complications and disruptions in the work, in the first place, the cardiovascular system. In the presence of such signs as cough, shortness of breath, weakness and high fever, it is not difficult to suspect the presence of such a disease in your presence and to consult a doctor in time.
Does it happen without a fever? It turns out that in some cases this is quite possible. This pneumonia is also called quiet or hidden.
Than the disease is dangerous
To detect this pathology, it is necessary to conduct a thorough diagnosis, the usual listening to the lungs does not reveal latent pneumonia. In addition, even an experienced doctor can not always put the right diagnosis in a disease that is not accompanied by fever and cough, which often leads to disastrous consequences.
Particularly dangerous is pneumonia in children without temperature, since a young child is not yet able to explain his feelings. Therefore, it is desirable for everyone to know the main symptoms of this disease.
Main Risk Factors
Pneumonia without temperature often occurs in people with reduced immunity. The reason for reducing the protective forces of the body may be the presence of a source of chronic infection, such as, for example, inflamed tonsils or untreated teeth. A person with reduced immunity may not even suspect that he has pneumonia without fever, symptoms may be absent for several days. The main sign in this case is shortness of breath. When you try to take a deep breath, a person feels dizzy.In elderly people, pneumonia without fever and cough can manifest as pain in the chest, which is not always localized in the lungs. Such pain is sometimes similar to muscle pain, so people sometimes go to the doctor with complaints about stretching the muscles.
The most susceptible to this disease are people with a busy life schedule, who work hard without rest and suffer from diseases on their feet.
A good standard of living and adequate nutrition help the body cope with inflammation, but at the same time replacement of affected lungs with connective tissue takes place, and this can lead to respiratory failure.
Another cause of the disease is uncontrolled use of antibiotics. With prolonged use of such drugs, the body becomes accustomed to them, which leads to a decrease in the therapeutic effect.
Due to prolonged use of antitussive drugs, pneumonia can develop without temperature and cough. Such drugs suppress the process of sputum discharge from the lungs, which leads to the accumulation of pathogenic flora in the body.
Features of the course of the disease
Sometimes pneumonia happens without a temperature, but is accompanied by a cough. Most often this happens after a long cold, when the person's condition has improved, wheezing in the lungs is not audible, but a small cough persists.Should be alerted, when such signs occur:
- Cough with abundant or poor sputum lasts more than two weeks;
- increased weakness, decreased appetite, a constant sense of thirst;
- a painful blush. Red spots can appear only on one cheek, from the side of the inflamed lung;
- obstructed, wheezing, which is accompanied by pain in the lower part of the chest. When breathing, the asymmetry of the chest movement is noticeable. Rapid breathing is one of the main symptoms of this disease. The fact is that when the disease develops, the area of a healthy lung becomes smaller, the patient lacks oxygen and compensates this lack with frequent breathing;
- with minimal physical exertion, a person sweats profusely and throws it into fever;
- there are painful sensations in the chest when the body turns.
The identification and diagnosis of such a disease requires a huge medical experience and knowledge of the main symptomatology, since pneumonia in adults without temperature is usually not detected when listening to the lungs.
To diagnose a doctor, the doctor should ask the patient for complaints, perform an examination of the chest, paying special attention to the symmetry of her movement during inspiration and expiration. Then rattling and listening to the lungs are performed (with inflammation dry and wet wheezing, dull sound in problem areas).To diagnose this form of the disease requires a general analysis of blood, urine, as well as sputum analysis.
In order to clarify which area of the lung is affected, determine the size of the inflammation focus, and identify possible complications, an X-ray examination is performed. The X-ray diffraction pattern is performed in two projections. The presence of a limited darkening of the lung tissue is the main sign of this pathology.
Unfortunately, sometimes radiographic research is not informative. In this situation, resort to a more accurate method of research - computed tomography of the lungs. Use this method in such cases:
- The roentgenogram does not allow to reveal the center of an inflammation at presence at the person of all signs of a pneumonia;
- with recurrence of the disease (more than 3 times), in the event that the focus of inflammation is in the same lobe of the lungs;
- if the results of the X-ray examination do not match the clinical manifestations of the disease.
In some cases, you may need a bronchoscopy. The study is carried out using a flexible tube with a camera at the end. The tube through the nose is inserted into the lumen of the bronchi. Bronchoscopy is necessary for complicated forms of pneumonia.
Signs of latent pneumonia in children
Pneumonia in children without fever is accompanied by slightly different symptoms than in adults. Parents should be alerted by constant drowsiness and sluggishness of the baby, tearfulness without reason, poor appetite, excessive sweating, blueing of the nasolabial triangle, shortness of breath.In the presence of such signs it is necessary to immediately show the child to the pediatrician, who will conduct the necessary studies and make an accurate diagnosis.
After a complete preliminary examination and conducting all the studies, the doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment. If you have pneumonia without temperature, self-medication in this case is unacceptable.
For the treatment of pneumonia, antibiotics of a broad spectrum of action are usually prescribed. Very often a combination of two antibacterial drugs is required. The course of treatment is at least 7-10 days.If pneumonia without fever is accompanied by a cough, expectorant and thinning medications are prescribed "ACTS", "Lazolvan" "Bromhexine". In patients without cough or with a dry cough, there is no need to use such remedies.
If a person suffers from shortness of breath, it is necessary to use bronchodilators. Inhalation with nebulizer is useful.
In severe forms of pneumonia, immunomodulatory therapy is required, the administration of multivitamins.
10 days after the start of treatment, an X-ray examination is repeated. In case of threat of complications or deterioration of a person's condition, pictures can be taken earlier. Since there is a risk of decomposition of the lungs during a prolonged course of the disease, it is necessary to visit the phthisiatrician.
Treatment with folk remedies
Folk methods of treatment can only be an addition to the main treatment, but not a substitute for it. If you have pneumonia without fever, treatment with any folk remedies is possible only if you are not allergic to them.It is useful to use honey, as well as large doses of garlic or onions.
Instead of the usual hot drinks, it is good to drink infusions from the leaves of mother-and-stepmother, hips, elderberry, linden flowers, raspberry.
At the stage of recovery is useful infusion of leaves of mother-and-stepmother, plantain, calendula flowers, thyme, licorice. A tablespoon of a mixture of plants is poured into a glass of boiling water and insisted for 30 minutes. Then the medicine should be filtered and taken on a tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals. This remedy strengthens the immune system, regains strength.
Lifestyle during illness
Pneumonia without temperature requires bed rest. No smoking. The volume of liquid used should be at least 2.5-3 liters per day. Food should be rich in proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins, especially A, B and C.Many will benefit from breathing exercises. The simplest exercise is inflating balloons. Before you start, you should consult your doctor. In some conditions, breathing exercises are contraindicated.
What can not be done
In no case do not self-medicate with antibacterial drugs (they can only be used after the sputum is examined for sensitivity to a particular row of antibiotics).
Do not heat the chest and body as a whole. You can not take hot baths, bathe in a sauna or a sauna. Do not use antitussive and expectorant drugs without the advice of a doctor.
Do not engage in the usual activities, even if you have pneumonia without temperature. Symptoms of the disease may not be pronounced, but even in this case you can not lead an active lifestyle and give your body increased physical activity.
For the prevention of pneumonia, it is necessary to strengthen the body's immunity and defenses, to eat fully and regularly exercise.
At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, because the inappropriate treatment of such a disease can be fatal.