Rhinitis in a newborn baby: what to do and what to treatRhinitis in newborns is a problem familiar to many parents. Most of them discharge from the nose from their child perceive as a disease and rush to the doctor for prescribing medications. In fact, according to pediatricians, rhinitis in a child from birth to 2, 5 months is not always indicative of the occurrence of a cold in the child's body.
Why there is a runny nose in newborn babies
Runny nose in a newborn baby can have several causes. Regardless of the factors that provoked increased secretion in the nasal cavity of the baby, rhinitis gives him a lot of unpleasant sensations. Abundant discharge of mucus from the nose or its stuffiness disrupts the habitual life of the child, worsens his sleep, the appetite disappears, the baby becomes whimsical and whiny.
Because of the stuffy nose, infants often refuse from the breast or infant formula, resulting in a rapid decrease in body weight.
Rhinitis in the baby can be caused by the penetration of the respiratory tract of a viral or bacterial infection, allergens and even foreign objects. Proceeding from this, in otolaryngology are distinguished such types of rhinitis, as viral, bacterial, allergic, mechanical. Soples in a newborn can also appear as a result of side effects on the body of certain medicines. Also often there is a physiological runny nose in the child, caused by the peculiarities of the development of the children's nasopharynx.
How to understand that a newborn has a cold: symptoms of yellow and green snot
Often young mothers worry that their child will get sick, and they will not be able to understand this. It is for this reason that they often ask the more experienced parents how to understand that the newborn has a runny nose so that it is possible to provide medical assistance in a timely manner.
The main symptom of the common cold is the abundant discharge of mucus from the nose. Depending on the stage of the inflammatory process, the secret has a different color and consistency. Immediately after penetration of the virus infection into the body, the mucus is a transparent liquid consistency. Over time, it thickens, becomes white, possibly yellowish or greenish in color, indicating a stagnant process. Green snot in a newborn appears after the attachment of a bacterial infection. Slime becomes green as a result of death of leukocytes and bacteria, which caused inflammation in the nose.
Yellow snot in a newborn is with a bacterial runny nose or when staining mucus as a result of ingress of pollen in the nasal cavity. Staining the mucus in yellow or green after prolonged secretion of a clear secret is a natural process, indicating the approach of recovery. However, if the mucus remains yellow or green for more than two weeks, there is a serious cause for concern.
Nasal discharge of bright yellow color, most likely, is a sign of the development of sinusitis, chronic otitis or sinusitis. Purulent discharge can indicate an inflammation of the adenoid tissue in the baby. Yellow secretions can also appear with an allergic reaction of the nasopharynx, but in this case, they have a liquid consistency, almost like water. So allergic to pollen of flowering plants is manifested, therefore, usually a newborn sheds a drop of yellow color after contact with the allergen.
Many specialists associate the color of nasopharyngeal discharge with the period of the disease, they say, yellow and green mucus indicates the transition of the disease to a new stage.
In addition to the abundant watery discharge from the nose on the development of the common cold may indicate an increased body temperature. True, the state of fever is usually observed only when the virus originates from the disease.
Also, it is not uncommon to learn about the development of a cold in a baby that is helped by such symptoms:
- nasal congestion, as a result of which the baby is forced to breathe through the mouth;
- there is shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, which is caused by insufficient oxygen;
- at the allergic origin of the disease, in addition to abundant mucous secretions, the baby is concerned about frequent sneezing, itching and burning in the nose, redness of the eyes and lacrimation.
Sometimes it happens that first the baby lays a nose, there is an unpleasant feeling of dryness, and after a few days mucus begins to be abundantly released. It is not always possible for parents to learn about the development of the common cold, but carefully watching the baby, you can see that he constantly holds the handles near the nose.
Physiological rhinitis in newborns and treatment of a snot
Why does a newborn snot appear immediately after birth, if the baby is not supercooled and has not been in contact with sick people? Many mothers want to know the answer to this question. This runny nose is quite a natural process, because the baby for 9 months was in the womb in a liquid environment. These conditions of the fetal habit do not allow to fully form and develop the superficial mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. Thus, it turns out that the newborn is born with a completely unformed mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, which is not adapted to the new conditions of life. That's why there may be a runny nose in the baby for the first 10-11 weeks of his life, until the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity is adjusted. At this time, the organism adapts to the fact that the inhaled air must be moistened, clean and warm.
Once the mucous membrane determines how much mucus is needed for the normal functioning of the nasopharynx, its amount will immediately decrease. However, for the mother, a runny nose in an infant is perceived almost always as a disease, and during this period it is important not to interfere with the natural process of taking medications.
It's not always possible for parents to determine why a newborn has snot, and what exactly they are caused, because the release of a physiological, viral and allergic rhinitis is practically nothing are different. Despite the fact that the mucus of a transparent color of medium consistency, yet the child does not experience any painful sensations with the physiological origin of the discharge from the nose. The baby's health does not deteriorate and the mucous membrane of the nose does not swell, as occurs in viral and allergic rhinitis. With a physiological cold the infant is active, he sleeps well, eats and does not act up. The only symptom of the common cold in a newborn baby is an abundant transparent discharge from the spout. Sometimes such a process can cause a baby sneezing, but this is very rare.
Among the symptoms of a physiological cold, there is never a cough, fever and fever.
How to cure a cold in a newborn if the baby is 1 month old?Many parents do not know what to do when the snot of a newborn disturbs the baby day and night. Independently one can not begin to carry out medicamentous treatment of rhinitis in a baby, therapy can be prescribed only by a specialist.
How to treat a cold in a newborn depends on the factors that caused such a condition of the nasal mucosa of the child. Even before visiting a specialist's office, parents can perform actions aimed at alleviating the condition of their baby. First of all, if there is a strong rhinitis in the baby, which obstructs the nasal breathing, it is necessary to cleanse the nasal passages from the pathological secretion. For this procedure, solutions based on sea water or regular saline solution are well suited.
With a cold in a baby at 1 month, it is recommended to use only drops, a spray at this age for the purification of nasal passages is contraindicated. It is strictly forbidden to wash the nose with babies using a pear, such actions of parents can lead to serious consequences - cause inflammation in the ear cavity. Spray is not recommended for use because it is impossible to control the amount of injected liquid in the baby's spout.
What to drip a newborn with a cold?For babies up to 6 months, special drops are sold on the basis of sea water, you can also use saline, dropping it from the pipette into each nasal passage of 2 drops. Then you need to take an aspirator and release the nasopharynx from the mucus.
Among the preparations based on sea water are popular:Aquamaris, Humer, Salin, Akvalor. You can prepare a decoction of chamomile and sage and drip into the nose from the pipette, these agents not only dilute the mucus, but also have an anti-inflammatory effect on the irritated mucous membrane. Often pediatricians in small patients are prescribed Ekteritsid, the preparation is an oily liquid, which effectively fights against dryness of the nasal mucosa, also has a disinfectant on it act.
Applied Ekteritsid as follows:drip 2-3 drops in each nasal passage no more often than 1 time in two hours.
At the newborn stream snot: how to get rid of a cold?
Humidification of the air should become another action of parents who do not know what to do when the baby has a cold. A well-ventilated room with moist air promotes a faster recovery of the nasal mucosa. Increase the humidity in a dry room by using an air humidifier. The optimal humidity in the room where the sick child is - 50% at a temperature of 20-21ºС.
If a newborn baby is concerned about the abundant discharge of mucus of a pathological nature from the nasal cavity, it is important to choose an effective treatment for the inflammatory process. At a cold in a newborn 1 month of life from the moment of birth in the case of fever, the whole period of treatment can not be walked with the baby and bathe it in the bath. If a child eats with an appetite, it is not worth changing his habitual diet. Of vasoconstrictive drops at this age, you can apply Nazol Baby and Nazivin baby.
Treatment of a severe cold in infants 2 and 3 months oldWith a cold in a baby for 2 months except for vasoconstrictive drugs, specialists often prescribe antiviral drugs, although in the case of a viral origin of the inflammatory process in the nose. It is believed that the runny nose will quickly pass if the nose drip antiviral drops Grippferon or Interferon. The process of recovery is accelerated by the suppression and destruction of viruses that caused the disease. Most experts are of the opinion that every time you develop rhinitis, antiviral drugs should not be prescribed. The appointment is appropriate in the treatment of newborns and children with weakened immunity.
If there was a runny nose in a baby at 3 months, when there is a discharge from the nose of mucopurulent or purulent contents, pediatricians often prescribe antiseptics. What kind of antiseptic drops from the cold to newborns will help cope with the disease, the specialist will say. Typically recommended for use Protargol - a safe drug based on silver. Unfortunately, in the finished form in free sale such antiseptic means can not be found, it is made under the order under the prescription of the doctor. Sometimes it is used and Albucid, in spite of the fact that it is eye drops, it copes well with a runny nose of purulent character.
Antiseptics, although not a dangerous preparation for infants, can, if misused, overdry the mucous membrane of the nose and even cause it to burn.
That's why, without special need, experts do not prescribe antiseptics and recommend to do without them.
What can be done if the newborn does not have a runny nose?
What can a newborn from a cold from the first days of life crumbs? The list of nasal drops for different types of rhinitis consists of such medicines as Aquamaris, Nazivin, Vibrocil, Doctor Mom, Salin and Pinolos. Some parents are of the opinion that the safest treatment is the common cold in the baby, but when using many medicinal plants, one must be especially careful. It will not bring a child a chill broth of chamomile, calendula and sage.
You can also take treatment with warming ointments and tinctures, apply calendula ointment, St. John's wort, Vital, Pulmex-baby, Doctor Mom. These means you can lubricate only the feet, after which you must immediately put on warm socks.
Often good results in the treatment of a cold in an infant give an aromatherapy. You can give the crumb to breathe thai oil and tea tree, moistening the handkerchief and putting a baby crib at the head of the bed.
Drops from the common cold for the newborn at the age of 2 weeksTreatment of runny nose in newborns rarely does without taking medications. At such an early age, it is important to provide medical assistance in a timely manner, to eliminate the inflammatory process in the nasal sinuses and restore the normal functioning of the nasopharynx. If the cold lasts for a newborn for 2 weeks, most likely, a specialist will prescribe antibacterial drugs to avoid the development of dangerous complications.
Usually the cause of the abundant mucus in the nose becomes the penetration of viruses and bacteria into the baby's body. At the initial stage of the inflammatory process, the mucous membrane swells. How to treat a runny nose in a baby with nasal congestion? Help to eliminate stuffiness helps vasoconstrictive drops. Carrying out treatment of the common cold with such drugs, it should be understood that the vasoconstrictive effect is not limited only to the nasopharynx, it extends to other organs of the child's body. That is why the treatment of the common cold in the infant by the method of instilling vasoconstrictive drugs often causes many side effects.
Moreover, uncontrolled instillation of vasoconstrictors has the opposite effect: instead of eliminating puffiness, it increases.
Treatment of a runny nose in infants with vasoconstrictive drugs should be carried out only at the doctor's prescription, parents must strictly observe the prescribed dosage and duration of therapy. Usually for infants, this therapy is limited to 3-5 days.
What to do and how to treat a runny nose in a baby?How to cure a cold in a newborn, if it again makes itself felt soon after the elimination of unpleasant symptoms? This often occurs with weakened immunity in the baby. Many babies are already born weakened, so parents are faced with the problem of frequent colds.
How to get rid of a cold in newborns with a low protective function of the body, tells a pediatrician or an immunologist. In most cases, the treatment of snot in newborn babies, when the cause of the disease becomes weakened immunity, is performed with the help of immunostimulating agents.
In pediatrics, a drug such as Derinat is popular. He belongs to the group of immunomodulators safe for children, therefore it is prescribed to babies from the first days of life. The principle of Derinat's action is that it activates the defenses of the child's organism to fight with pathogenic microorganisms.
It is usually well tolerated by children, since it has no side effects and contraindications to pediatric use.
How to treat a cold in the genyantritis of an infant?
According to statistical data, even the nursing infants are affected by sinusitis. The development of the disease most often leads to a neglected form of normal rhinitis, which was not cured by specialists or the parents of the baby in time. How to treat a runny nose in an infant if it is caused by a sinusitis? Treatment of the disease should be effective, comprehensive and systematic.
Parents should learn from a pediatrician or an otolaryngologist how to cure a runny nose in a baby with genyantritis.
As a rule, therapy consists of a complex of such actions:
- purification of the nasal sinuses from pathogenic contents by washing the nasopharynx;
- instillation of vasoconstrictors to relieve edema and normalize nasal breathing;
- vitamin therapy, the use of drugs to stimulate immunity;
- Nasal instillation with anti-inflammatory drugs;
- antibiotic therapy aimed at the destruction of pathogens;
- surgical methods of treatment.
How to treat snot in a newborn with genyantritis with antibiotics, so as not to cause side effects? Antibiotic therapy should be carried out strictly according to the appointment of a specialist, usually such preparations for oral administration are prescribed by the course for 3, 5, 7 and 10 days. Babies are usually prescribed antibiotics for 3-5 days, longer treatment can lead to undesirable consequences. Simultaneously with the internal use of antibiotics nasal preparations are prescribed, the Isofra and Bioparox spray proved to be well established.
Treatment of an allergic rhinitis in infantsIf the newborn does not go through a runny nose for a long time, with the discharge from the nose transparent, there is a possibility of allergy development. It is important to know what to drip to a newborn with a common cold of allergic origin, as improper treatment can lead to complications. First of all, for effective treatment of allergic rhinitis, it is important to exclude contact with the allergen. To alleviate the condition of the child and to remove puffiness, vasoconstrictive agents are prescribed. To block the action of the allergen on the nasal mucosa, experts recommend watering the nasal cavity with antihistamines, among them Avamis, Nazonex and Vibrocil are often used. Also, to suppress the allergic reaction of the body should take antihistamines orally, these are drugs such as Zodak, Zirtek, Claritin, Erius, Fenistil.
To treat a cold despite of its kind it is necessary on time and to full recovery. In the absence of proper therapy, the main complications of the common cold are diseases such as otitis, bronchitis, etmoiditis, sinusitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitis.
The second week is a cold in the baby - is this normal?
just brush your nose once.
although we have 2 weeks, too, I was dragging both white and green and now they themselves flow out by streams... I suck and coolie sense. began otrivin to drip at us tomorrow there should be an inoculation-will be honey a tap.. she plays and I just go and rub. and when the nose is asleep dry. but went a slight cough.
Coryza - this is serious!
If an adult has a runny nose and does not feel sick, then in the nursing children the rhinitis must be treated, and the sooner the better. Firstly, because of the common cold, babies can not breathe properly, and therefore - normally sleep and eat. So along with the cold, we get a hungry tired person. The baby has a stuffy nose, the baby suffers! So we need to help him urgently!
If the rhinitis is not cured in time, the sputum can drop lower into the lungs and you will get bronchitis. And you need it?! So to the treatment of babies from the common cold should be approached as responsibly as possible!
Does the baby snot? The nose pawns? If not, then bugs are not a sign of a cold.
and can be biting from getting into the nose of milk and mixture. we aquamaris always on the third day helped
And to call a doctor-this idea did not occur to parents? "A week's a runny nose, and you're here asking if it's okay... Call a doctor, you need to find out the cause of the common cold, and then treat it. And the cause can be both teeth and cold. and an allergy (just ragweed now went) ...
Buckwheat - this is not a runny nose and this is normal.
and the runny nose is a snot liquid by a stream - and this is not normal
a runny nose is just not normal. and your pediatrician says that he prescribed it?
Buckwheat is not a runny nose)))))) Infants have small nasal passages, and so the goat in them is normal, just brush the wig with cotton flagella or the same Aquamaris, Otrevin give if the nose is laid, and its only 3 days can spoil the mucous in the child in the nose, then it will be you runny nose. do not be ill)
How to treat a cold in a newborn, babe
Before starting to treat a cold in a baby, an important rule is to immediately seek pediatric care. After the examination, the doctor will diagnose and prescribe the treatment.
Causes of rhinitis in babies
In newborns up to two months, the presence of a cold is not always the beginning of a respiratory disease. At this age in infants the mucous nasopharynx can not yet fully perform its functions, its work is insufficiently adjusted, therefore mucus can be allocated in enough plenty, it is a physiological runny nose in babies.
Of course, the main reason for a baby's runny nose is a common cold, as well as an acute viral infection or flu. In infections, the common cold in children up to the year is always accompanied by a strong mucosal edema, which significantly disturbs the baby's breathing.
Air in a megacity or even in a small town, and the whole modern life of a person is full of the presence of various chemical stimuli, which can cause an allergic reaction in the unhealthy baby, which manifests itself as a runny nose and sneezing, swelling of the nasopharyngeal mucosa.
In any case, especially if the infant is first ill, a pediatrician is required. If the baby has a fever, you should call the doctor at home, if there is not enough temperature, you should come to the reception. Especially do not postpone the doctor's call, if the child has a cough, lachrymation, he refuses the breast, becomes sluggish, whiny.
Features of the common cold in infants
It is easy to notice that the baby has sores easily, in the symptoms of the cold of the newborn and the adult there are no differences - the baby sneezes, breathing through the nose becomes difficult, mucous discharge from the nose appears. The child sniffs, sniffles, refuses to suck normally, often throws a breast or pacifier. But at this age, he can not blow his nose.
Therefore, the spout should be cleaned with a special aspirator mucus - aspirator, which are sold in pharmacies or departments for infants. You can use a syringe with a soft spout, which should be boiled, cooled, pressed to let the air out, put into the nasal passage, let go. All the mucus will be in the enema.
Do not use ordinary cotton buds with a solid base, which can damage the tender little baby. Also, you can not use syringes, because at such an early age, mucus from the nose can easily fall under pressure into the Eustachian tube, which can cause otitis in the baby.
Newborn children can not always in case of a lack of nasal breathing and shortness of breath go on breathing with the mouth. Medicine knows cases when a protracted runny nose in a child, a blockage with thick mucus of nasal passages, caused death of the baby, as the child suffocated. With a large accumulation of mucus, an uncleaned nose, it becomes numb in the bronchi and provokes bronchitis, and when you get a tube through the Eustachian tube in the ear - otitis develops. Treat this seemingly easy ailment in children up to a year as a cold with all seriousness.
Treatment of a cold in babiesHow to treat a runny nose in a newborn? The first thing to do, as we have said, is to clean the baby's nasal passages from the mucus with an aspirator. They are very convenient to use, you just need to adjust. If the discharge is not very much, as happens in infants after birth, you can make a wadded flagellum and im twist in the nose of the baby, after the procedure, the accumulated mucus will be on the flagellum, and the spout should be cleaned. Do not push it deeply!
General recommendations on the regimen for a cold in an infant
When the runny nose is accompanied by fever, it is not recommended to walk with the baby, especially in frosty weather, just do not bathe the baby. When the temperature becomes normal, you can walk, but in the windless weather, you can bathe 4 days after the obvious improvement in the child's condition.
As for nutrition, with a cold, the child's appetite is reduced, because it is hard for him to suck with a stuffy nose. During sucking, he suffocates, and when she is forced to breathe through her mouth, there is incomplete closure of the lips and suck, especially the baby's chest does not work. Also, against the background of ARI, a decrease in appetite is natural, since the body actively fights against a viral infection and an additional load on the digestive system, the liver is not needed in this case.
If the child refuses to eat, make every effort to have the baby breathing freely, clean the nose, do not be lazy, bury the vasoconstricting drops. A baby even in a period of illness should eat at least a third of the milk portion, and the break between feedings should be reduced. If you do not suck your breast - feed from a spoon, from a cup, from a syringe, it is important that the child receives food, because very quickly there is dehydration in infants, life-threatening.
If the child is more than 8 months old and has already tried the compotes, juices or herbal teas (see. how correctly to introduce the feeding of a child to a year), then you can drink it with such drinks. If the child is older than a year, in this case, the main thing is to give a good water to the baby, boiling water can be used as an additional liquid.
Also, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room in which the baby is located, use an air humidifier, wet the house every day or hang in wet diapers on the battery. When the air in the room is dry and dusty, the recovery of the baby becomes protracted. In the presence of high fever in infants it is recommended to knock down at a temperature above 38 ° C (cf. a detailed review of all antipyretic agents for children in suspensions and suppositories).
Drug-induced cold management
The modern pharmaceutical industry is rich in various remedies for the common cold. In the absence of temperature and other symptoms, treatment can be limited to using only local aids for instillation into the spout. It is more correct and safe for breastfeeders to instill drops into the nose than using various sprays.
The various seawater sprays advertised and recommended (Aqualor, Aquamaris, Quix, Otrivin baby, etc.) can not be used for infants, they are contraindicated in age. Moreover, they can provoke a purulent runny nose, get into the Eustachian tube, cause otitis, provoke spasm of the larynx.
When the swelling of the nasal mucosa becomes very significant, on the recommendation of the doctor, vasoconstrictive agents can be instilled. With the drugs of this action, one must be very cautious, measure only with droplets a special pipette, avoid overdose, and they can not be used for more than three days.
Among the vasoconstrictor drops for the treatment of rhinitis in babies can be used Nazol Baby, Nazivin, 1% for infants. To drip it is necessary not more often, than 1 time in six hours, is better for the night or before a daytime dream. After a one-time instillation, some mothers try to re-instill or continue to use vasoconstrictive drops for more than 3 days - this is unacceptable. In the case of an overdose, the child may have a heartbeat, vomiting, convulsions, etc. side effects. Ricochet syndrome is also possible, when receptors are blocked to the drug, and the rhinitis only intensifies.
You can use Vibrocil (a combination of antihistamine and vasoconstrictive action).
Drops with antiseptics
To preparations with antiseptic action carry Protorgol is a means on the basis of silver, (it is possible to order in the prescription department). You can also use eye drops sulfacil sodium - Albucid, they can also be used for instillation in the nose. Even such remedies should only be used as directed by the doctor.
Antiviral and immunomodulating agents
Any antiviral drugs and immunomodulators can be used only on indications, because The long-term consequences of using drugs that affect the immunity of the baby are still poorly understood (cf. antiviral drugs for orvi and influenza). With a cold, if the pediatrician finds it necessary, you can use - Grippferon, Viferon, Genferon-light.
Pediatrics is well proven Derinat - as an immunomodulator of natural origin, allowed for children since birth. This solution, which is easily tolerated by children, activates immunity to fight the disease.
It is more convenient to use the bottle without a dropper, since it is then more convenient to measure the number of drops with a simple pipette. Using the droppers that are in the kit with the medicine, you can exceed the dosage. Prophylactically, Derinat drips infants who have been in contact with sick people, 2 drops 2-3 times a day for 2-3 days. And if there are already signs of a cold, then 2 drops every, hour.
Traditional methods of treatment
Many are advised to begin treatment of the common cold with the help of breastfeeding. This should not be done. Yes, breast milk is useful, it contains antibodies that increase the immunity of the baby, but milk is not antibacterial or disinfectant, moreover, in the milk the bacteria multiply with an even faster rate, and this procedure is more likely to harm the baby than will help.
For infants it is not advisable to use folk remedies based on an irritating effect on the mucous membrane, for example - the Kalanchoe juice. Many grandmothers recommend bitter aloe juice for instilling in the nose to infants, but before using it, ripped leaves should lie in a cool place for 2-3 days, otherwise the juice can cause redness, irritation of the mucous in the child due to its high biological activity. If you run the risk of using the Kalanchoe juice, then you should dilute the fresh juice: with boiled water and bury 1 cap. 3 r / day.
Complications from a common cold in newborns
Is it necessary to treat a cold in a baby? After all, it passes most often independently. To treat rhinitis in a child up to a year should be necessary, first of all, to alleviate his condition, the baby can not tell what discomfort he has, but we all we know how hard it is to breathe, when the nose is stuffy, how the head hurts, the child is disturbed by a dream, there is dryness in the mouth and the tender skin on the wings of the nose and upper lip.
Read our articles on antibiotics for colds in children, and also how to treat colds in children. One of the complications that lead to a runny nose in a babe is weight loss and dehydration, since it is difficult to suck a breast or a mixture from a bottle to a baby.
Very often zealous mummies can often wipe and "vysmarkivat" infants, which can lead to sores on the wings of the nose, upper lip and under the nose. This causes pain in the baby, and the child becomes even more moody and whiny.
To treat a cold is necessary on time, until complete recovery. The most serious complication, which gives a runny nose in infants without treatment:
- Otitis middle purulent
- Acute bronchitis
- Bacterial conjunctivitis
What to do if the cold does not pass in the child 2 weeks
A stuffy nose, a slightly open mouth, a nasal voice, a mucous green discharge - no, probably, in the world of parents unfamiliar with these classic symptoms of a child's cold. Why do children more often than adults experience this unpleasant affliction? The root cause is the peculiarities of the structure of the respiratory system of the child: respiratory organs up to 12 13 years have not only smaller dimensions, but also differ in the revealed incompleteness of the anatomical structure. A child's runny nose is not a harmless disease, which can be neglected: if it can not be cured in time, the illness can take a long and even chronic form.
For what reason the child does not have a runny nose and cough, you can learn from this article.
What are the time limits for treating rhinitis? The usual inflammatory process, caused by a viral infection, can "be defeated" over a period of five to seven days, depending on the age of the patient.
In some cases, when it comes to weakened immunity and diseases caused by bacteria, it can last up to ten days. If after this time the child is still suffering from discharge from the nose - a runny nose is considered protracted. That is, if it's been a month already, it's worth thinking about the reasons.
What to do when an adult does not have a runny nose for 2 weeks, you can learn from this article.
Long-lasting rhinitis is not always evidence of the negligence of parents. Even with a responsible approach to the problem, the illness may not leave the baby for a long time, creating difficulties with breathing, sleeping, eating, badly affecting memory and mindfulness. Often this is due to an incorrect diagnosis and incorrectly prescribed treatment.
It is unmistakable to determine what caused prolonged rhinitis in a child, only an ENT doctor based on tests, but there are also external differences that will help parents navigate in the complex classification of this disease.
How is cough and coryza treated in infants treated, you can learn from this article.
The most common complication of a common, provoked by a viral or bacterial infection, is a runny nose. The reason for it, surprisingly, is not the absence of treatment, but, on the contrary, the abuse of it.Vasomotor rhinopathy appears due to overly prolonged treatment with vasoconstrictive drops, which facilitate the patient's condition and allow him to breathe, but adversely affect the condition vessels.Symptoms of the disease:
- alternate laying of the nostrils (especially evident when lying on its side). If the patient lies on the right side of the body, then the right nostril will be laid down and vice versa;
- the appearance of mucous secretions and nasal congestion with a sudden change in temperature (for example, if you enter a warm room from a frost);
- sleep disorders;
- nasal congestion with stress, nervous tension (because of this symptom, vasomotor rhinitis is often called a neurovascular rhinitis).
From this article you can find out what to wash your nose with a child with a cold.
Another name for the disease - a false runny nose - was given to her for the fact that she often appears with the complete absence of a viral infection. In this case, the nose can "lay" due to hormonal changes (pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, thyroid problems), external stimuli (odors, dust, smoke), sudden changes in the weather.
Timely diagnosed, this type of disease is easily treatable, otherwise it can cause complications such as otitis and sinusitis.
The video considers the situation when the child does not have a runny nose:
For what reason the child has 3 years of a runny nose and cough, you can learn from this article.
Inflammation of the maxillary sinuses or sinusitis is a consequence of an untreated rhinitis. The maxillary sinuses are located next to the nose, on either side of it, and are designed to warm and filter the air coming through the nose.They are directly related to the nasal cavity and during the rhinitis, too, are inflamed.With the timely and adequate treatment of sinusitis passes simultaneously with rhinitis, but if the disease can start to run into a chronic condition. Determine the disease can be on the following symptoms:
- violation of nasal breathing;
- "Deep" stuffiness of the nose, not always accompanied by a runny nose;
- headache, concentrated in the region of the frontal (above the inner edges of the eyebrows) and maxillary sinuses;
- deterioration of smell;
- sensitivity to light.
The disease is treated with antibiotics, regular washing, warming, physiotherapy (electrophoresis, ultrasound, inhalation). In rare cases, surgical puncture and flushing in the hospital may be necessary.
What to do when the ear is stuffed with a cold, you can learn from this article.
This affliction affects children more often than it may seem at first glance, but most parents lastly admit the possibility of an allergy to their child. After all, they try to feed it only with natural farm products, spend several hours a day in the park, and there are no allergic people in the family - where to get such an affliction?
In fact, everything is not so simple a human body lends itself to an attack of external stimuli every second. This can be household dust, wool and pet food, pollen, household chemicals, children's cosmetics, and food.The body of a healthy person copes with these attacks, but in the case of reduced immunity or disturbed metabolism begins to signal that he needs help.The main danger of allergy is that it can develop into bronchial asthma, so the seemingly innocuous allergic rhinitis must necessarily be treated.
What kind of pill from the cold is best to take, you can learn from this article.
Symptoms of rhinopathy:
- persistent liquid clear discharge from the nose;
- frequent paroxysmal sneezing;
- redness and tearing of the eyes;
- nasal congestion;
- itching in the nose.
The video tells about the reasons why the cold does not pass through the child and what to treat it:
Whether it is possible to walk with the child at a cold is specified in this article.
The treatment regimen for each child is developed individually, depending on the course of the disease and the age of the patient. First of all, it is the control over the child's environment by excluding potential allergens from food and maintaining the cleanliness in the room. From the appointment of antihistamines, doctors as far as possible try to refuse, because this type of medicine is not tolerated well by all children.
Curvature of nasal septum
The nasal septum is a cartilaginous thin wall that divides the person's respiratory organ into two cavities. The cause of its curvature may be uneven growth of the skeleton, trauma, uneven patency of the nasal passages. Symptoms of pathology are similar to those of rhinitis, but snoring, whistling, or other sounds that indicate nasal breathing are usually added to them. It is treated with a simple surgical operation, the decision about necessity of which is taken by the ENT doctor, having weighed all the factors.
What kind of baby drops in the nose from the cold is best used, stated in the article.
The video tells about the situation, if the runny nose does not pass for a long time with an adult:
Features of treatment of prolonged rhinitis in children of different ages
Despite the fact that doctors strongly do not recommend parents to engage in self-treatment of children, even in the case of usual rhinitis, most moms and dads tend to consult a doctor already when the runny nose lasts two weeks and more. In the fight against child snot in the course are the first available funds left over from the past illness drops, tablets recommended by the pharmacist in the nearest pharmacy, ointment that helped the baby neighbors.How many complications (and often extra costs) could be avoided with timely treatment to the pediatrician.But even if the diagnosis is correct at once, each age group of children has its own characteristics, which do not allow treating them according to one established scheme.
How to properly apply aloe juice from the common cold, is indicated in this article.
Children under one year old
Rhinitis in the youngest patients is a common phenomenon. If the baby's cold does not go away, it is often due to the fact that the infant's respiratory system is imperfect, the nasal passages are too small and narrow. In this regard, newborns can have a physiological runny nose, the cause of which is the adaptation after childbirth. In the womb, he was in a humid environment and did not know what temperature changes were, and after the birth he met dust and dry air, and began to learn to breathe through his nose. Because of this, the nasal passages of the child are overdried, which gives "green light" to the bacteria and viruses that enter them.
To prevent physiological rhinitis, it is necessary to carefully clean the spout from the very birth with the help of twisted from sterile cotton wool turund (by no means a cotton wand!) and irrigate with ready-made hygienic solutions sold at the pharmacy (Otrivin Baby, Humer, Aquamaris). Burying breast milk in the nose is not worth it in spite of widespread misconception, it does not possess disinfectant properties, but is a fertile breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms.
To treat a baby from the cold can not be done on its own if it's still about a viral rhinitis, the infection can spread in a matter of hours to the bronchi and lungs, and this is fraught with very bad consequences.
Children from one year to three
This category of patients can no longer suffer from a physiological rhinitis, but is often susceptible to viral and allergic.At the age of 1 3 years, prolonged rhinitis may become an additional factor for the occurrence of diseases such as otitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis.Treatment is complicated by the fact that the child still can not empty his nose and rinse it with saline solution, so cleaning the nasal passages from the mucus is the task of the parents. For this, an aspirator is used, consisting of a rubber pear, to which a plastic tip is attached. He works at the expense of vacuum and allows you to quickly return the child the opportunity to breathe fully nose.
Not recommended at the age of three years to use essential oils and various herbal infusions, they can cause allergies, which will exacerbate the condition of the patient.
Children from three years old
In the treatment of rhinitis in patients older than three years, doctors try to use a minimum of medications. If the disease is not allergic, emphasis should be placed on so-called folk remedies: heating of the maxillary sinuses with a hard-boiled chicken egg, a bag of heated large salt, potatoes "in uniform. " Warm up to clear to moisten here is the algorithm by which the cold should be treated at this age. Naturally, with the approval of the doctor.
The opinion of Dr. Komarovsky
What if I can not get rid of the leak from the nose for a long time? Just like most pediatricians, Dr. Komarovsky first of all insists on finding the cause of the common cold. We already know that most often it can be a virus or an allergen. Accordingly, the treatment should not be aimed at eliminating the symptoms, but not eradicating what caused them.
With viral rhinitis, the mucus that forms in the nose is a natural environment that helps to destroy harmful microbes and prevents their penetration further into the respiratory tract.The main task of parents is to maintain a humidity level of at least 70%, so that mucus can remain viscous.Do this in any accessible way, often wash the floors and wipe the dust, turn on the humidifier, open the windows, provide a plentiful drink. Do not be afraid of fresh air: if the cold is not accompanied by fever, in any weather and at any time of the year the child can and should be taken out for a walk. Walking, of course, should be away from other children, so as not to promote the spread of infection.
The video tells why the child does not have a runny nose for a long time:
On the prescription of the doctor, you can use vasoconstrictive drops, while always following the following rules:
- In accordance with the instruction to strictly comply with the dosage (if written three times a day, it should not be four or five simply because the drug temporarily clears the nose and brings relief);
- do not use the medicine for more than seven days;
- buy children's forms of the drug, containing active substances in a lower concentration;
- refuse the use of drops, if there were side effects (rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, itching in the nose, etc.).
If lengthened rhinitis is wornallergic, it is important to get rid of its source. If possible, you need to change the situation to take the child to the cottage, to the village, to the grandmother and grandfather, to the sea. At this time, to clean the apartment, because the most common cause of allergic rhinitis is household dust and animal hair. I'll have to say a hard "no" to carpets, paths, feather pillows and blankets, napkins, fabric shades and panels. If the allergy appears often the apartment will have to be equipped with a cleaner and air humidifier. In the event that the allergy causes seasonal flowering and take out the child for this period there is no possibility, will need to use special sprays and antihistamines prescribed by the treating doctor.
Why does the child not have a runny nose 2 weeks?
If a child does not have a runny nose for 2 weeks, what should I do? Such a question is often asked by concerned parents. This phenomenon is not uncommon, but it is not normal. An uncontrollable runny nose increases fatigue and irritability in both the baby and adults. Impaired breathing inevitably leads to sleep disturbances, loss of appetite.Moreover, if you do not start treatment, the disease will not pass and can serve as the beginning of respiratory organs diseases, up to chronic sinusitis and the appearance of polypous formations on the mucous membrane.Prolonged colds happen for several reasons.
Causes of a protracted cold
First of all, it is worth paying attention to the nature of the discharge from the nose. If they are transparent, it is possible that it is an allergic rhinitis. But more often the color of the discharge varies from yellow to green (then it is a viral infection). In both cases, the problem requires immediate resolution.
Perhaps, before that, the child already suffered a cold disease, which was not completely cured. Sometimes the cause of rhinitis in a child is the weakening of immunity or frequent infectious diseases of the respiratory tract. In this case, acute rhinitis can go to chronic.
The formation of polyps, or sinusitis, can also cause a cold not to last a month or more. In this case, only surgical intervention can help. Curvature of the nasal septum is another possible option. This problem is also solved exclusively surgically.In addition, you need to conduct tests for hidden infections (chlamydia).
The so-called medicated rhinitis may develop with prolonged use of vasoconstrictor drugs. Of course, in this case, traditional remedies for the common cold not only do not help, but can also harm the baby.
If a child goes to the pool, it is possible that in this way the body reacts to chlorinated water. You can temporarily stop visiting and observe the changes to confirm or exclude this reason.
Types of a protracted cold
For reasons of origin, several types of rhinitis are distinguished:
- During teething or general reorganization of the baby's body during growth. Such a protracted rhinitis doctors are referred to as the first type. It happens in children with reduced immunity.
- Normal. Observed in children with a weak immune system or as a result of curvature of the nasal septum, inflammation adenoids, sinusitis, long-term use of vasoconstrictors, and also because of getting into the nose of strangers subjects.
- Allergic. Called because of the action of the allergen. This runny nose is not accompanied by catarrhal symptoms, but there may be accompanying phenomena (eg, itching, swelling).
- Infectious. As a rule, such a protracted runny nose is caused by complications after untreated acute rhinitis. You can recognize it by yellow or green discharge.
Rhinitis in babiesA long runny nose of a physiological type is often observed in newly born children and does not need treatment. It can be observed in a child from 1 to 3 months. At the same time there are minor colorless discharge from the nose, sloshing during meals, without accompanying general deterioration of well-being. This is not a disease, but serves as a method of adapting the child's organism to new conditions of life. All that is required from parents, compliance with general hygiene rules, ensuring a comfortable temperature and clean air in the room of the newborn.
Treatment of long-term rhinitis
If a child does not have a runny nose for a long time, you should not at all make a diagnosis yourself, no matter how obvious, but to pay a visit to a doctor who will appoint the appropriate treatment.
Treatment depends on the nature of the disease and its causes, but a general recommendation is regular washing of nasal passages to prevent the accumulation of bacteria and other foreign particles.
For washing you can use solutions of sea salt or herbal decoctions of sage, chamomile, calendula.If the runny nose is infectious in nature, in its treatment, complex action preparations with essential oils are used: gum, pinosol, etc. They both alleviate the symptoms, and help to disinfect the affected areas of the mucosa. But vasoconstrictors are used no more than 5 days, because when they are abused they may be mucosal degeneration or the appearance of so-called medicamentous rhinitis. Good help with such a common cold inhalation with essential oils. But it is worth remembering that bactericidal preparations should be used only on the instructions of a doctor, because when used in children, all sorts of side effects, up to complications, are not uncommon.
In case of an allergic rhinitis, it is necessary to eliminate the source of the allergy, if it is already installed. It can be dust, down animals, plant pollen, feathers in the pillow, certain types of food. In any case, treatment should begin with a visit to an allergist doctor who will prescribe the necessary drugs. To increase immunity, you can independently give your child complex vitamin preparations, perform hardening procedures and do not neglect outdoor walks.
Very often the cause of long-lasting cold is sinusitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the maxillary maxillary sinuses). In children under 2 years of age is extremely rare. The main symptoms are purulent discharge, nasal congestion, and pressure inside the affected area. Flogging in this case does not bring relief, breathing is restored only after using special methods: sinus punctures, nose washing. Untreated genyantritis always turns into a chronic form, which will require prolonged treatment. Therefore, if suspected of maxillary sinusitis treatment should begin immediately. Often helps warm up the nose.
In the case of a prolonged impending rhinitis caused by polyposis, sinusitis or curvature of the septum, the surgeon's intervention is required. Do not start self-treatment with folk remedies: as a rule, they are powerless in this case, and the neglect of the disease can lead to tumor growth and concomitant complications..
Symptoms of sinusitis, except for the longest passing cold, are fever, nasal, constant feeling of bursting from the inside (up to painful effects when pressing on the nose or the area adjacent to it), puffiness face. The condition can be aggravated in chronic sinusitis, complicated by polyposis lesions, curved septum, or inflamed adenoids. For adults, sinusitis itself is not a big danger, but it threatens the lives of babies. The course of nasal drugs, puncture of the sinuses and rinsing are prescribed.
The proliferation of adenoids is another cause of the common cold. Provoke their inflammation can frequent viral diseases. On them in the lymphoid tissue, from which the adenoids consist, the immune type reaction appears. Adenoids increase, begin to sag in the nasopharynx, which impedes breathing and provokes the spread of inflammation to the nasal mucosa and the nasal cavity. The child has snoring, nasal, because of persistent discharge under the nose, redness and swelling of the skin, mouth all the time ajar, since breathing of the nose with time becomes impossible, the olfactory functions are disturbed, the upper teeth begin to protrude lower. Treatment at an early stage is carried out conservatively, but at a late exit from the situation is only an operation. Now there are modern means of struggle with adenoids: cryotherapy and laser coagulation.
If the cause of lingering rhinitis is any tumor formation, only surgical intervention is required..
Conclusion on the topic
Any chronic rhinitis passes through the acute stage, so parents at the onset of a runny nose need to be treated to avoid the possibility of such a transition. If the ailment does not go away for 2 weeks or more, you can not postpone visiting a doctor.
At the infants 1 month. Do not pass 2 weeks runny nose, have already tried all the drops, only worse. what to do!!! doctor only on Tuesday
Breast milk tried to drip?
likelihood of allergy to dust
You these drugs have translated the common cold into a chronic form. Such small vasoconstrictors can not be. I dripped my interferon (human immunoglobulin), a runny nose passed for 3 days. Jo doctor spout can be cleaned with a rubber "pear" and give a breath something minty
go to another doctor
just do not try to clean:
scoop-pump or clean with flagellum from cotton wool and saline solution. except for drops need complex treatment, at least laferobion in candles should have been applied. and it is not superfluous to pass a blood test
Physiological rhinitis, nothing to do is not necessary. Will pass itself.
Nothing surprising! You thought of it - all tiny bit to drip ALL THE CONTRACT!! As a result, he now has a spout due to the formed OTEKA!! Even an adult uncle from such a "treatment" would have formed swelling.. . And here - a little girl. Poor child.
Do not even try to experiment further! Do not drip breast milk! In no case is there any more drop in it at all! Because he already has an ALLERGIC TOTAL!! !
There is only one remedy that helps with such edema - it's a drop of the company "Bittner" they are called "Nurofen" - very expensive. Are on sale in drugstores! Treat all kinds of allergies and swelling and runny nose in children STARTING WITH NEWBORN (!) Age. They are recommended even for pregnant women! They are absolutely harmless - natural (only grass), NOT chemistry! !
And for the future, when this disease passes, remember: such a tiny person with a cold should drip human leukocyte interferon.
Never bathe or breast milk in your nose or eyes! Find a good family doctor for your baby, and then on the Internet can be advised on this. .Get well!
Maybe it's an allergy. I at a rhinitis usually I wash a nose akvamarisom or fiz a solution and I clean then aspirator - we use Nosfrida. And then I drip the vibration switch. But it is better to the doctor with such a problem