Bronchitis in children: acute, obstructive bronchitis, symptoms, treatment
Bronchitis in children most often occurs in the form of complications against the background of acute respiratory viral infection, influenza or a severe cold, hypothermia. The provoking factors of bronchitis are seasonal sharp temperature changes, especially periods of rain with high humidity, so this disease usually occurs in the fall or spring.
In form, all bronchitis in children are divided into: Acute, Prolonged and Recurrent.
For reasons of occurrence, depends on the pathogen of inflammation and is divided into:
- Viral - influenza, adenoviruses, parainfluenza
- Bacterial - can be acute and obstructive (the causative agent is streptococcus, staphylococcus, moraxelly, hemophilic rod, as well as mycoplasma and chlamydia)
- Allergic, obstructive, asthmatic - arises from irritating chemical or physical factors, such as household chemicals, house dust (read about the symptoms of allergy to dust), animal hair, plant pollen and others.
Bronchitis in a child up to a year - symptoms and treatment
Children who are breastfed and who do not have contact with sick children and adults should not have any respiratory illnesses. However, if the child was born prematurely, has congenital malformations of the respiratory organs and other diseases, as well as in the family there are preschool children attending kindergartens and often ill - the development of bronchitis in a child up to a year is possible by the following reasons:
- narrower than the adult, bronchi, a more dry and vulnerable mucosa of the respiratory tract
- existing congenital malformations
- after a viral or bacterial infection
- the presence of individual sensitivity to chemical and physical stimuli - an allergy to anything.
The most basic symptoms of developing bronchitis are a severe dry cough, paroxysmal, accompanied by difficulty breathing, shortness of breath. Gradually, the cough becomes moist, but mucus, sputum during bronchitis in a child up to a year of significant hinders breathing, normal lung function is disrupted, since the airway in infancy narrow. Bronchitis in children up to a year and even up to 3-4 years is most often the following:
- Acute bronchitis simple
- Obstructive bronchitis
On acute and obstructive bronchitis, we will dwell in more detail below. And now consider the most common in children under one year oldbronchiolitis.
Bronchitis in children under one year of age - bronchiolitis
This bronchitis affects both small bronchi and bronchioles, develops more often against the background of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza viruses with the subsequent reproduction of pneumococci (and so on. streptococci). In case of inhalation of icy air or sharp concentrations of various gases, bronchiolitis can develop as an independent disease. The danger of such bronchitis is a pronounced bronchoobstructive syndrome with the development of sometimes even acute respiratory failure:
- Characterized by dry cough attacks, pronounced dyspnea mixed or expiratory form with syndromes of swelling of the wings nose, with the involvement of ancillary muscles, the entrainment of the intercostal spaces of the chest, the pallor of the skin, cyanosis.
- The child has dry mouth, no tears when crying.
- The child eats less and drinks than usual, respectively, and his urination is more rare.
- Increased body temperature, but unlike pneumonia, it is less pronounced (see. whether it is necessary to bring down the temperature).
- Shortness of breath to 60-80 breaths per minute, while breathing is grunting, superficial.
- On both sides are heard diffuse wet ringing finely bubbling and crepitating rales.
- Symptoms of intoxication in bronchiolitis in children are not expressed.
- X-ray is determined by the sharp transparency of the lung tissue, the variegation of the pattern, the horizontal standing of the ribs, the absence of infiltrative changes in the lungs.
- If at first there was a simple bronchitis, then the attachment of bronchiolitis after a while is manifested by a sharp deterioration of the general condition of the child, cough becomes more painful and intense, with scanty phlegm.
- Children are usually very restless, moody, excited.
- The blood test can be slightly changed, a slight leukocytosis and an increase in ESR are possible.
- Usually, bronchiolitis in children up to one year has a prolonged course until 1 months.
- The causes of acute bronchiolitis in children are similar to the causes of development of obstructive bronchitis in children older than 2-4 years. The local immune system of the respiratory tract in children under 2 years is weak, protection against viruses is not enough, so they easily penetrate deep into bronchioles and small bronchi.
Treatment of bronchiolitis in children
At home, you can not cure bronchiolitis. When a bronchiolitis occurs, the infant is usually shown hospitalization, so that the child is under the supervision of doctors. In the hospital pediatricians, pulmonologists will establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. What should my mom do before the ambulance arrives?
You can only alleviate the symptoms of colds - create optimally comfortable air in the room, turn on the humidifier, air purifier.
If there is no high temperature in the child, you can ease breathing with warming creams and ointments, spread them legs, calves. Only with this you need to be cautious if the child has not had any allergic manifestations before, then it helps a lot if a child allergic, warming ointments should be excluded.
To cough softer, you can do steam inhalation-above a boiling pot with a weak saline solution, hold the baby in her arms. Or sit him down at the table and cover with a towel over a cup of hot medical solution.
Try to force the baby to drink more to avoid dehydration, if the child refuses the breast or mixture, give the child just pure water.
In the hospital to relieve the signs of respiratory failure, the baby is given inhalations with bronchodilators and allowed to breathe oxygen. Also at the doctor's discretion, an antibiotic is selected - Sumamed, Macroben, Augmentin, Amoxiclav. It is possible to use various drugs with interferon. Necessarily prescribe antihistamines for the removal of edema at the site of inflammation and a possible allergic reaction to treatment. If symptoms of dehydration are observed, then the necessary rehydration therapy is performed.
Acute bronchitis in children - symptoms
Bronchitis in children is the most common form of respiratory tract disease. Acute bronchitis is an acute inflammation of the bronchial mucosa without symptoms of inflammation of the lung tissue. Simple bronchitis in children in 20% of a self-contained bacterial disease, 80% - either in a program of viruses (Coxsackie virus, adenovirus, influenza, parainfluenza) or as a bacterial complication after these viral infections.
Clinical symptoms of bronchitis in children are as follows:
First, the child has general weakness, malaise, headache, lack of appetite, then there is a dry cough or cough with sputum, the intensity of which is rapidly increasing, while listening to determine the dry diffuse or variously moist wheezing. Sometimes there may be a barking cough in a child whose treatment is slightly different.
In the first 2 days, the temperature rises to 38 ° C, but with a mild form, the temperature can be 37-3,.
After 6-7 days, the dry cough becomes wet, the sputum discharge facilitates the child's condition and is a good sign that the body is coping with the infection and the virus.
On average, the duration of acute bronchitis in children is 7-21 days, but the nature of the disease, the severity of the inflammatory process depend on the child's age, the strength of his immune system, the presence of concomitant chronic and systemic diseases. In case of inadequate or untimely treatment, acute bronchitis can lead to addition - bronchiolitis, pneumonia.
Sometimes after the flu, for some time, the child's condition improves, and then a sharp deterioration, a rise in temperature, a rise in the cough - this is due to the weakening of the immune system in the fight against the virus and the attachment of a bacterial infection, in this case it is shown antibiotic.
With mycoplasmal or adenoviral acute bronchitis in children, the symptoms of intoxication, such as high fever, headaches, chills, lack of appetite, can be about a week. Usually acute bronchitis is bilateral, however, with mycoplasma bronchitis it is most often one-sided, sometimes combined with conjunctivitis.
Acute bronchitis in children - treatment
Most often, the duration of acute bronchitis in children, whose treatment is correct and carried out on time, should not be more than 14 days, however, in infants, cough can persist for up to a month, as well as in older children with atypical-mycoplasmic bronchitis. If suddenly the bronchitis in the child is delayed, it is necessary to exclude a number of diseases:
- aspiration of food
- cystic fibrosis
- foreign body in bronchi
- tuberculosis infection
A pediatrician prescribes a full treatment package. In addition to implementing all the recommendations of the doctor, you should provide the child with special nutrition and quality care. It is desirable to create in the room the optimum humidity and purity, for this purpose it is convenient to use a humidifier and air purifier, often ventilate the room and conduct daily wet cleaning in the room in which child. And:
- Abundant drink
Ensure abundant reception of fluids in a warm form. To soften the cough, warm milk with butter or Borjomi mineral water helps, can be replaced with honey.
With fever, the temperature just above 38C should take antipyretics - paracetamol in syrup.
Antibiotics for bronchitis in children, if recommended by a doctor, should be given strictly by the hour. If taking antibacterial drugs is necessary 3 times a day, this does not mean that you must drink from breakfast, lunch and dinner, and this means that their reception should be 24/3 = 8, every 8 hours, if 1 time per day, then give it only at the same time, for example at 9 o'clock morning. 11 rules - how to take antibiotics correctly.
- Cough medicine
With a dry cough, the child can be given antitussive medicines as prescribed by the doctor, and when it becomes wet to go on expectorants. With a dry cough, the means can be combined (Sinekod). If the cough is wet, then expectorants are shown - Mucaltin, Bromhexin, Gedelix, Alpine syrup, Thermopsis herb infusion or its dry extract, Bronchicum, Evcabal, Prospan, breastfeeds.
Inhalation in bronchitis in children, the symptoms of which are very pronounced, are well assisted by inhalation with conventional baking soda, called over hot pots, inhalation of sodium bicarbonate using a nebulizer, inhaler.
- For babies
For small and infants who do not know how to clear themselves, doctors advise turning the child more often from one side to the other. In this case, sputum is shifted downward, irritating the bronchial wall, this leads to reflex cough.
For older children, cans, mustards, hot foot baths, they still help, and if the child has strong immunity, such procedures will help to avoid taking antibiotics. You can soar your baby's legs after 1 year, and also rub them with warming agents - turpentine ointments, Barsukor, Pulmax baby, etc., but only in the case when there is no high temperature, after rubbing, you should warm your feet and wrap child. However, in case of an allergic bronchitis in a child, neither the mustard nor the warming ointments can be used, since the composition of ointments and mustard can worsen the child's condition.
When bronchitis in children, the treatment is helped by compresses from warm oil. Warm sunflower oil to 40 ° C and moisten them with gauze folded several times. This compress should be imposed only on the right side and back of the baby, from above put a plastic bag and a layer of cotton wool, bandage the child around several times. Dress warm clothes, do this procedure for the night, if there is no temperature in the child.
- Folk remedies
Old folk way - radish juice with honey, cabbage juice, turnip juice - any of these juices should be given 1 teaspoon 4 times a day. You can give and cranberry juice, mixing it with honey in a ratio of 3/1, a tablespoon 3 times a day.
The first week is well helped by chest massage, older children would be good at performing breathing exercises.
Physiotherapy with bronchitis
In children, these procedures are prescribed and conducted only at the physician's discretion, these are physiotherapy methods that contribute to faster recovery, because they have an anti-inflammatory effect, however, they can not be performed more often 2 once a year:
- Ultraviolet irradiation of the chest
- Mud, paraffin applications on the chest and between the shoulder blades
- Inductometry on the same areas
- Electrophoresis with calcium
- SOLLUX ON THE BREAST
- Aeronisation by the hydroionizer of the respiratory tract with solutions of chamomile, antibiotics.
Prevention of acute bronchitis in children:
Do not allow a prolonged runny nose in a child, timely treatment of any cold and infectious diseases will be the best preventative against penetration of the infection into the lower respiratory tract. ways.
Walking in the fresh air in the park, playing at the cottage, physical exercise in nature, tempering, daily intake of natural vitamins in fruits and vegetables, and not in tablets - the way to the health of your child.
Obstructive bronchitis in children - symptoms
In young children, usually up to 3-4 years of acute bronchitis may be accompanied by an obstructive syndrome - this is an acute obstructive bronchitis. In children, the symptoms of such bronchitis begin more often after viral infections or allergic manifestations on the stimulus.
The main symptoms of obstructive bronchitis:
- Harsh, audible long breath with whistling
- Coughing with attacks, before vomiting, debilitating
- During inhalation, the intercostal spaces are drawn in and chest is swollen with breathing
In obstructive allergic bronchitis, children do not have a temperature, it starts because of an allergic reaction to the strongest irritant for the child, and parents can often remember that they recently bought something for the child - a down pillow or a blanket made of camel or sheep wool, at home breathed in color from repair or went to visit, where there is cat.
In obstructive bronchitis in children, symptoms can begin on the 3rd-4th day of the flu or ARVI, and may also be caused by other bacteria, which is manifested in the appearance of expiratory dyspnea - an increase in the respiratory rate to 60 per minute, it is also noted difficulties when inhaled.
The child begins wheezing, noisy breathing, especially a prolonged wheezing exhale, which is heard by persons near the baby. The thorax is as if swollen, that is, the ribs are horizontally arranged. Cough is dry, obtrusive, bouts, arises suddenly, it does not bring relief and intensifies at night.
If this disease develops not after ARI, then the temperature in the early days is not increased.
Headache, weakness and nausea, are very rare.
When listening there are dry wheezing in the lungs.
X-ray revealed increased transparency, increased pulmonary pattern, in the absence of infiltrative changes in the lungs.
The analysis of blood as a viral infection - lymphocytosis, leukopenia. accelerated ESR, if allergic bronchitis in a child, then eosinophilia.
Almost always obstructive bronchitis is associated with a virus or mycoplasmal infection, relapses of obstructive bronchitis in children most often spontaneously stop by 4 years.
If the bronchioles and small bronchi are affected, then this is an acute bronchiolitis.
Obstructive bronchitis in children differs from asthma attacks, in that obstruction develops slowly, and with asthma the child abruptly begins to suffocate. Although the first attacks of bronchial asthma in children also begin during ARVI. If the obstruction occurs several times a year, it is a signal that the child is at risk for developing bronchial asthma in the future.
Obstructive bronchitis in a child can be due to passive smoking, it can be distinguished by a strong cough with a whistle in the morning, while the child's condition is quite satisfactory. Obstruction with allergies occurs when contact with an allergen and recently it becomes very frequent manifestation in children prone to allergies, such bronchitis are recurrent and threatened with development bronchial asthma.
Allergic and obstructive bronchitis in children - treatment
In obstructive bronchitis in children up to a year or 2 years, treatment should be performed in a hospital under the supervision of a pediatrician, in other cases at the discretion of the doctor and parents. Treatment is best done in a hospital if:
- In addition to obstruction in the child, the symptoms of intoxication are decreased appetite, fever, nausea, general weakness.
- Signs of respiratory failure. This is shortness of breath, when the frequency of breathing increases by 10% of the age norm, counting is better done at night, and not during games or crying. In children under 6 months, the respiration rate should not exceed 60 per minute, 6-12 months - 50 breaths, 1-5 years, 40 breaths. Acrocyanosis is a sign of respiratory failure, manifested by cyanotic nasolabial triangle, nails, that is, the body experiences oxygen deficiency.
- It is not uncommon for obstructive bronchitis in children to mask pneumonia, so if the doctor suspects pneumonia from hospitalization can not be denied.
Bronchiolithics extend the bronchi, so they are designed to relieve obstruction. To date, they are presented in various forms in the pharma industry:
- In the form of syrups (Salmeterol, Clenbuterol, Ascoril), which are convenient for young children, their disadvantage is the development of tremors and palpitations.
- In the form of solutions for inhalation (see. Berodual for inhalation) - this is the most convenient way for young children, breeding a medicinal solution with a physical solution, inhalation 2-3 times a day, after improvement, it is possible to use only at night. The multiplicity and dosage, as well as the course of treatment is determined only by the pediatrician.
- Inhalers-aerosols can be used only for older children (Berodual, Salbutamol).
- Such tableted forms of bronchodilators, like theophylline (Teopec, Euphyllin), are not indicated for the therapy of children with obstructive bronchitis, they have more pronounced side effects, are more toxic than local inhalation forms.
Can be used to reduce bronchial spasms. This is papaverine or Drotaverin, No-shpa. Their reception can be carried out with the help of an inhaler, orally in the form of tablets or intravenously in a hospital.
Means for coughing
To sputum better departed, various mucoregulatory drugs are used, they help dilute sputum and accelerate its excretion:
- These are preparations with active substance ambroksol (Lazolvan, Ambrobene). These drugs can not be taken for more than 10 days, it is most convenient to use them in the form of inhalations, as well as carbocisteine preparations (Fluiditek, Bronhobos, Mukosol).
- After the cough became wet, the seizures became less intense, the sputum liquefied, but it departs badly, the ambroxol should be changed to expectorants for cough for children, which should be given no more than 5-10 days, they include Gedelix, Bronchicum, Prospan, Bronhosan, Herbion (cf. Herbion from a dry and wet cough), Tussin, Bronchipret, breastfeeding, .
- Codeine-containing drugs for children should not be taken if the child has a seizure-like obsessive cough, the appointment of a doctor can be used Sinekod, Stopusin Fito, Libexin (with caution in childhood), Bronhicum, Broncholitin.
- Erespal - promotes both removal of obstruction, and reduction of sputum production, and also it possesses anti-inflammatory activity, is applied from the first days of the disease, reduces the risks of complications, contraindicated in children under 2 years.
To facilitate the departure of sputum, parents can themselves do their child massage the collar zone, chest, back. Especially strong massage should be done for the muscles of the back along the spine. Useful for obstructive bronchitis in children postural massage - that is, efflorescence of the baby's back in the morning, should to hang the child from the bed upside down (padding the pillow under his tummy) and tapping the palms folded in the boat 10-15 minutes. For older children, with a massage, ask the child to take a deep breath, and on an exhalation, tap. Useful and additional exercises such as inflating balloons, blowing out candles.
AntihistaminesAntihistamines are prescribed to children in the presence of allergic reactions. Such medicines for allergies like Eryus in syrup can be taken to children from 1 year, with the half a year it is possible to use Claritin and Zirtek, from 2 years in syrups and drops Cetrin, Zodak, Parlazin (cf. list of medicines for allergies). Such antihistamines of the 1st generation as Suprastin and Tavegil are used less often, only for drying with abundant liquid sputum.
Allergy or virus
If the obstruction is caused by an allergy or a virus - antibiotics can not be used, and even dangerous (see. antibiotics for colds and orgs). The appointment of antibiotics is possible only with the proven infectious origin of bronchitis in children.
When antibiotics are indicated
Treatment of bronchial obstruction with antibiotics is not indicated, only if the child has a fever over 4 days, or there was a second temperature jump to 39C after 4-5 days after the onset of the disease, accompanied by severe intoxication, severe coughing if with adequate treatment, the child suddenly becomes apathetic, sluggish, refuses to eat, has weakness, nausea, headaches and even vomiting. In such cases, the use of antibiotics is justified. They are prescribed only by a pediatrician on the basis of a clinical picture, the presence of purulent sputum (indicating bacterial bronchitis), inflammatory changes in the analysis of blood, as well as other signs of bacterial bronchitis or pneumonia (wheezing, x-ray signs).
Most doctors recommend that for ARVI and flu, take antiviral drugs, for babies candles Genferon, Viferon, and also in the form of drops Gripferon, Interferon, take Orvire syrups (remantadine), and after three years of age tableted forms such as Kagocel and Arbidol, Cytovir 3. But it is worth remembering that if in a family history (close relatives) there are any autoimmune diseases (Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic red lupus, diffuse toxic goiter, vitiligo, multiple sclerosis, pernicious anemia, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, myasthenia gravis, uveitis, Addison's disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, scleroderma) it is impossible to take immunostimulants (Kagocel, Cytovir, Amiksin), it can cause a debut of an autoimmune disease in a child, possibly not now, and later (see. more antiviral drugs for orvi).
Hormonal therapyHormonal drugs, such as Pulcicort, are indicated only in severe or moderate leaks obstructive bronchitis (usually with the help of a nebulizer) they quickly stop obstruction and inflammation, their appoint only a doctor.
What not to do
In obstructive bronchitis in children - treatment by rubbing and spreading the body of the child with various heating oils (Dr. Mohm ointment, ointments with medicinal plants, essential oils), the use of mustard plasters is unacceptable, since they cause an even more allergic reaction and bronchospasm, especially in toddlers up to 3 years. Also categorically it is impossible to carry out inhalations with bronchitis with various medicinal herbs and essential oils. It is only possible to use such folk remedies for warming up - heat compresses with potatoes, salt, buckwheat.
PhysiotherapyPhysiotherapeutic procedures in the acute period are contraindicated, when the obstruction is already stopped, it is possible to perform UHF, electrophoresis or laser.
Hypoallergenic diet and plentiful drink
Any natural drinks - mineral water with milk, tea, broth of a dogrose, it is necessary to drink to the child as often as possible. The diet should be hypoallergenic, but at the same time maximally vitaminized, high in protein and fat content. Exclude from the diet of the child anything that can cause an allergic reaction:
- citrus, red and orange fruit
- purchased spices, sweets, milk cheeses, yoghurts, carbonated drinks, sausages and sausages - everything that contains dyes, flavors, preservatives and flavor enhancers
- honey and other beekeeping products
- fish, grown on fish farms, broiler chickens, as they are stuffed with hormones and antibiotics, which causes allergies.
When caring for a child, you should daily aerate, moisten the room where the child is. It's hot in the apartment should not be, it's better to have a cool, fresh, clean air. After the recovery of the child should be put on a dispensary record with an allergist.
If a child has bronchitis, what to treat?
The child has bronchitis, what to treat - this issue becomes relevant with the onset of cold weather, when the child begins to visit places with a large number of people. These factors, as a rule, are provoking for the spread of colds - ARI, ARVI. Bronchitis can occur both as a complication and as an independent disease. Indirect reasons for its development may be hypothermia and sudden temperature changes, which is characteristic of the beginning of autumn. The appearance of a child's cough requires that certain measures be taken by the parents to treat it.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucosa of the upper bronchi accompanied by coughing and spitting.Against this background, quite often a high body temperature appears, which, in some cases, can rise above 38 ° C.
Depending on the pathogen, bronchitis is divided into: viral, bacterial and allergic or asthmatic, obstructive. In the first case, bronchitis can become a consequence of influenza and ARVI. The causative agent of bacterial bronchitis is streptococcus, staphylococcus, morocell, hemophilic rod, as well as mycoplasma and chlamydia. The last form of bronchitis is associated with exposure to irritating chemical or physical factors. Relapses of the disease are observed most often in the cold season.According to the duration of the course, several forms of bronchitis are distinguished:
- Acute bronchitis occurs 10-21 days.
- Obstructive - bronchitis, accompanied by obstructive syndrome associated with bronchial obstruction. Factors affecting its development: narrow lumen of the bronchi, massive mucosal edema and poorly departing sputum, bronchospasm - an additional narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi. In this case, bronchitis is accompanied by wheezing, difficulty breathing. In the case of repeated cases of this form of bronchitis, it is recommended that they additionally refer to a pulmonologist or an allergist to exclude bronchial asthma.
- Recurrent - the child is ill from 3 times a year and more often.
- Chronic - prolonged bronchitis, lasting several months with repeated exacerbations at least once a year for 2 years
The main danger accompanying bronchitis and causing particular concern for doctors and parents is the development of complications in the form of pneumonia, which is often the case in children. The reasons for this can be both active development of a viral infection, and incorrect treatment.
Symptoms of the diseaseCommon symptoms of bronchitis include a protracted cough with sputum on the background of an increase in the body's overall temperature. Bronchitis is characterized by general malaise, drowsiness, lack of appetite, shallow and shallow breathing. Against the background of worsening airway patency and deterioration of lung ventilation, the body of the child suffers during this period from lack of oxygen.
It is worth noting that different forms of bronchitis can occur in different ways. With bacteriological bronchitis the patient's condition is more severe, cases of loss of consciousness are frequent, general intoxication of the body, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, headaches, the absence of a cold on the background of extremely difficult respiration. However, bacterial bronchitis is a fairly rare form. Treatment of bacterial bronchitis, as a rule, is stationary.
Diagnosis of the disease
Diagnosis for suspected bronchitis includes the following set of measures:
- Check with a pediatrician. The doctor needs to listen to the baby's lungs with a stethoscope. Further, the doctor prescribes the necessary procedures to determine the nature of the child's cough;
- Delivery of blood for a general analysis - to identify a viral or bacterial infection;
- Chest X-ray - helps distinguish pneumonia from bronchitis;
- Sputum analysis and culture - with chronic and relapsing bronchitis is used to identify the pathogen and exclude its allergic etymology.
How to treat bronchitis?Treatment of bronchitis is not just about taking a medicine prescribed by a doctor. First of all, parents should take care of the conditions in which the sick child is. Namely - make sure that the air in the room is sufficiently moistened and ventilated. You can use the folk method in the form of wet sheets hung in the room, or use an automatic air humidifier.
It is also necessary to provide the child with an abundant drink. It should be given to the child to drink every 30-40 minutes. It can be warm tea, mors, a decoction of chamomile, linden, breastfeed, or just water. The use of liquid in sufficient quantity will facilitate and facilitate the excretion of phlegm.
Do not close the child in four walls. If you feel well, and if the acute phase is behind, then walks are not only possible, but also necessary. Fresh air will promote ventilation of the lungs, and provide the body with oxygen. It will be easier to treat bronchitis and remove its effects.
As a medicine, antibiotics are often prescribed. However, the need to receive them is extremely doubtful.
It should be remembered that in most cases, the cause of the occurrence of bronchitis becomes a viral infection, respectively, treatment with antibiotics in this case is useless.
In order to be convinced of the justification of taking antibiotics, it is necessary to make sure of the presence of bacteriological bronchitis.Drugs for bronchitis may include both antibiotics and mucolytic agents. However, their appointment as a doctor is not always necessary, since the process of recovery with a favorable course in children proceeds independently. Children under one year of age are not in a hurry to prescribe them, and generally do not recommend the use of mucolytics, as this may prevent the sputum from escaping and provoke its congestion in the bronchi and lungs. A one-year-old has a poorly developed pectoral muscle and can not clear his throat. Therefore, it is necessary to intervene with caution.
Indications for the use of drugs are available in the following cases:
- obstructive bronchitis - it is necessary to use drugs that dilate the lumen of the bronchi and relieve spasm;
- presence of serious pulmonary pathologies;
- severe course of the disease.
Medicines, namely mucolytics for children are prescribed, usually in the form of a syrup. This form will facilitate the use of the drug. The syrup is taken for a short time, since the mucolytics are given a short course.
When bronchitis should not be inhaled - because of the immaturity of the respiratory muscles, the child is difficult to cope with the sputum. Inhalations increase her withdrawal, which can worsen a child's condition if he does not clear his throat.
Bathing in the bathroom during the period of illness is not recommended, since hot water also creates an inhalation effect. If there is a temperature, do not use rubbing and warming ointments.
Prevention of bronchitis in childrenTo avoid the development of bronchitis, as well as reduce the number of relapses, one should remember about preventive measures.
These include, first of all, tempering the child. Fresh air, regular airing of the premises where the child is, clothes for the weather - these are the factors that are beneficial for the baby's health.
In addition, the child should be protected from the harm of secondhand smoke. Avoid places where people smoke, try, and refuse from this habit at least within the walls of the house.
It will not be superfluous to receive timely vaccinations in accordance with the national vaccination calendar. Especially important are vaccinations from such pneumococcus and hemophilic rod..
Parents need to be vigilant and watch their child after the course of treatment. If the child has a fever after bronchitis, if a cough appeared, and dyspnoea joined him, it became noticeable that the skin was inhaled by inhaling in intercostal spaces, these signs may indicate the appearance of severe complications, for example, bronchiolitis or pneumonia, because of untreated bronchitis. In this case, you can not hesitate, do not wait for the arrival of the district doctor, it is important to urgently call an ambulance and take the child to the hospital.
How and how to treat bronchitis in young children and ripen older?
Bronchitis is an inflammatory process that affects the bronchi and their mucous membranes. Often this disease affects small patients. In this case, urgent measures must be taken to eliminate the cause of the disease and to stop the painful symptoms. Consider what can be treated to treat children of different ages.
Medications for infants
The most important rule in the treatment of such small children is the inadmissibility of self-therapy. As a rule, they take all measures at home.If there is a danger of transition from acute to chronic form, the patient must be urgently hospitalized.The reason for the treatment in the hospital is also the rise in temperature to high levels. Bronchitis in uncomplicated form is treated as follows:
- frequent warm drinking;
- reception of antipyretics;
- bed rest.
When it was possible to normalize the body temperature, it is worthwhile to carry out such manipulations:
Inhalation, astirania sturgeon, orchnik, warming foot baths with the use of mustard powder.
The video tells how to treat bronchitis in children:
There are situations when a doctor can prescribe antibiotics, but they do it very rarely, especially for such small patients. The link describes how antibiotics treat bronchitis in children. Therapeutic measures to eliminate the cause of bronchitis may include physiotherapy. As a rule, they are carried out in combination with antibiotic therapy.
To children up to one year it is contraindicated to take various expectorant medications. In addition, parents should ensure that codeine is not included in the prescribed medicines. The most effective folk methods include:
- A plentiful warm drink.A great tool is milk, which is worth adding honey and butter. Such a medicine will allow a little soften the dry cough.
- Inhalationwith the help of baking soda and herbal decoctions. The link describes the treatment of bronchitis with soda.
- Rubbing the legs of the babybut with the help of a warming ointment. For these purposes it is necessary to use turpentine ointment. It is advisable to carry out such manipulation before going to sleep at night. After rubbing, wrap the baby's knife with a diaper and put on socks.
- Mustards.An excellent effect is achieved when using mustard plasters. A small crumb of them should be installed through a diaper. Then it is possible to eliminate the burn.
Such measures for inflammatory diseases can be used as an additional therapy. To carry out massage procedures is allowed to patients after reaching 6 months. Before carrying out it is necessary to lay crumbs on a stomach on a rigid surface. His head should be located at a level lower than the pelvis and sternum. For these purposes, the baby should put a pillow under his belly.
To conduct massage procedures it is necessary to begin with grinding of a back. To do this, it is recommended to use essential oils. After this, very gently knock on the spine and its branches with the help of pads of fingers. Be sure to put the crumb so that he can clear his throat.
When carrying out such measures it is possible to achieve an expectorant effect and to remove the accumulated sputum from the bronchi. When you're done with your back, you have to put the baby on one side, then on the other and do everything that was before. Duration of massage is 10-15 minutes no more than 2 times a day. It is not recommended to carry out it in case of presence of the raised temperature and a dry cough without departure of mucus. Here is described massage with chronic bronchitis.
Treatment measures 1-3 years
In order to achieve a speedy recovery, it is necessary to observe certain conditions:
- Saturate the baby's room with fresh moist air. Of course, you can hang wet towels on the batteries, then the best option is to purchase a special humidifier.
- Give a lot to drink. If the baby does not want to eat, then do not force him, but to give a drink is as often as possible. The body needs moisture to dilute sputum. The best drinks will be mors, juice, plain water.
- Keep track of body temperature. If it rose to 38 degrees, then nothing should be done. The temperature activates the immune system and prevents the virus from multiplying.
Antibiotic drugs are not always advisable to apply for a speedy recovery. Many specialists prescribe them to children with a suspicion of bacterial bronchitis. Entering all medications is done orally or in inhalations. The intake of antibacterial drugs should not exceed 7 days.
The scheme of therapy, which is composed by the attending physician, includes the following medicines:
- Bronchodilators, which contribute to the expansion of the lumen of the bronchi.
- Mucolytics, the reception of which should not last long.
- Means that facilitate cough.
With bronchitis in children, inhalations based on saline, mineral water and essential oils are actively used. The kind of inhaler and preparation should be chosen only by a doctor. Otherwise, the baby can get a burn, and his condition will deteriorate noticeably.
As for traditional medicine, with bronchitis in children 1-3 years old, it can be used after agreeing all the issues with the doctor. At home, moms can grind and put mustard plasters. But such activities require special care, because because of inflammation of the bronchi increases allergic readiness of lung tissue, as a result of which the crumb will have a severe reaction to the usual coniferous extract.
What you can safely use is a baked onion and badger fat.These drugs have a positive effect when rubbing the baby. The baby's legs can be soothed in a mustard bath.But do not put the water too hot, its temperature should not exceed 40 degrees, otherwise the useful properties of mustard will begin to disintegrate.
If you use homemade mustard plasters, this can lead to burns. Banks are not allowed to place such small patients.
Is purulent angina transmitted by airborne droplets?
Here are the symptoms of streptococcal angina in children.
Reviews on the treatment of adenoids 2 degrees in children: http://prolor.ru/n/detskoe-zdorove/adenoidy-2-stepeni-u-detej-lechenie.html.
Therapy of children 4-6 years
When a child is already 4 years old, then therapy can take place at home. Hospitalization is prescribed in case of severe course of the disease. When preparing the treatment, the doctor can appoint:
- antibiotics, see the best antibiotics for bronchitis;
- expectorant drugs;
- inhalation preparations;
- medicines that remove certain symptoms.
When there are swelling of the respiratory tract, the doctor may prescribe diuretics. During treatment, the patient should ensure peace and bed rest.For the period of illness there should be no active games, otherwise it can lead to an aggravation.If there is a chronic bronchitis, the process of therapy is not so simple. It is very important to eliminate not only the symptoms present, but also to increase the immune forces.
Features of treatment of allergic bronchitis
Allergic bronchitis is a disease that provokes various irritants: dust, pollen of plants, wool of pets. Relapses are observed in the cold season, which indicates the effect of the infectious factor on the cause of allergic bronchitis.
The video tells how to treat chronic bronchitis in children:
In the treatment of this ailment, the child is prescribed antihistamines. The choice of drug and dosage should be carried out by the attending physician.Medication from a cough should be given at night, then the baby will not bother, and his sleep will become calm.As for expectorants, they are allowed to give the baby at any time of the day.
To get rid of the disease the nebulizer helps, thanks to which it is possible to deliver the medicine directly to the bronchi. For this purpose, use a medicine such as Ambroxol. At an allergic bronchitis it is not necessary to appoint antibiotics, after all in this case they are necessarily useless.
The best option during a bronchitis of an allergic type is considered to be hyposensitization. It does not leave even a small chance for the development of such a dangerous disease as bronchial asthma. Due to its nonspecificity, the treatment presented is not always used by doctors.
If we talk about traditional medicine, then it is not worth doing experiments in this case. In addition, children are very moody patients, therefore, they can not be forced to drink a herbal tincture. But, nevertheless, doctors recommend parents to use proven national recipes in combination with basic therapy.
Opinion of Komarovsky
According to the famous pediatrician Komarovsky, the treatment of childhood bronchitis can occur at home, but under the strict supervision of a doctor. If there is a danger of transformation of the disease into a chronic form with various complications, urgent hospitalization is necessary. Most of this applies to children of small age, since they do not have a fully formed work of the respiratory system.
The video tells how to treat bronchitis in children Komarovsky:
In the uncomplicated form of bronchitis treatment involves the use of such traditional methods as:
- abundant drinking;
- taking antipyretics;
- bed rest.
In addition, it is very useful for children to perform rubbing and inhalation with the use of medicinal herbs, essential oils, ready-made preparations. If you follow all the recommendations accurately, then all unpleasant symptoms will leave the children's body after 2 weeks. If the treatment lasts for 4 weeks, then this should alert the parents. In this case, they are required to undergo additional research, and the doctor to review the therapy scheme.
Bronchitis is a very common disease among children. Effective treatment involves not only eliminating the symptoms of the disease, but also the cause of its formation. In no case do not self-medicate, as inexperience can lead to serious consequences and complications. Here, symptoms and treatment of bronchitis in adults are described. It describes the treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis.
Bronchitis in children: treatment at home. Inhalation of a child at home
A dangerous mistake is disregard for bronchitis. Do not consider it a non-serious disease. You think, the child has caught a cold! Coughs - and everything will pass. The illness is much more serious than it seems at first glance. If there were the first symptoms characterizing bronchitis in children, treatment at home should begin immediately. And the first thing to do is to call a doctor at home. Whichever proven folk remedies you use, pediatrician advice in any case is mandatory.
What you need to know about bronchitis
The ailment is common enough in young children. Such selectivity is associated with immature immunity. Although there are many causes. These include the presence of parasitic infection in the baby's body, and congenital malformations, etc.
In form, bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Its course is simple or complicated obstruction. The doctor will help determine the form of the disease. Accordingly, only he is able to select an adequate treatment. Ignoring the disease can lead to bronchial asthma.
It should not be forgotten that the disease is infectious and allergic. Depending on what type of bronchitis in children, treatment at home will be somewhat different.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of infirmity in children are quite typical. This makes it possible to take measures immediately, as soon as the bronchitis begins in children. Treatment at home, taken immediately, is able to protect the baby from prolonged indisposition.
The first bells, indicating the impending bronchitis:
- Dry cough, tormenting the baby all the time. Significantly intensified at night. Over time, a damp cough appears.
- Pain in the chest.
- The temperature can rise to 38 C0. The higher markings on the thermometer often do not cause the ailment.
- Hard breath. Can be accompanied by wheezing, whistling. Sometimes there is shortness of breath.
Diagnosis of the disease
If the baby shows signs of developing bronchitis, be sure to seek help from a pediatrician. To diagnose an illness, a child may be assigned the following examinations:
- blood test (from the finger);
- X-ray (allows to diagnose either bronchitis or pneumonia);
- sputum analysis, expectorated baby.
Very rarely an ailment leads to serious complications. In most cases, it is easily amenable to therapy. And often it does not require taking any serious measures.
Disease in the baby
Bronchitis in children under one year is usually a complication of a bacterial or viral infection that gets into the airways. But sometimes the ailment occurs for no apparent reason. Suspected disease can be due to characteristic noise in the chest and wheezing. The cause of this symptomatology lies in the mucus that accumulates in the airways.
For the treatment of infants, pediatricians, as a rule, appoint:
- anti-inflammatory, mucolytic drug - "Bromhexine
- antipyretic medicine (if necessary) - "Paracetamol
- antibiotic (rarely) - "Cefuroxime".
The treatment started in time is characterized by a favorable prognosis. Very rarely, babies are experiencing any complications.
Features of treatment of younger children
Antibiotics are rarely prescribed. But if it concerns the smallest, that is, diagnosed bacterial bronchitis in a child 2 years of age or younger children, an antibiotic is mandatory. As a rule, drugs are administered orally or in the form of inhalations.
After the appointment, parents often ask why the baby was not prescribed a cough medicine. Especially often it is asked if the bronchitis is diagnosed in a child 2 years of age and younger. Do not attempt to independently give him drugs that fight with a cough. Small children are excellent at coping with the above symptom without medication.
It is worth remembering that before the age of 2 mucolytics can not be used. The weak muscles of the child's chest can not "cough up" mucus. This leads to the opposite effect. Mucus settles in the lungs, resulting in stagnant phenomena.
This kind of ailment is a manifestation of almost any catarrhal disease. More children with weakened immunity are subjected to it. It is these babies that are at high risk of getting sick. Sometimes it is possible to observe frequent bronchitis in a child. This, as a rule, characterizes the mixed nature of the infection. Initially, the virus enters the body. Over time, a bacterial infection is connected to it.
Faced with an ailment, do not fight it with your own self. Remember, treatment of acute bronchitis in children should be prescribed exclusively by a pediatrician! Otherwise, a whole "bouquet" of consequences is possible. You can not exclude the possibility that cough is a symptom of a completely different ailment.
Thus, the treatment of acute bronchitis in children requires an attentive and responsible attitude. The methods of struggle must be comprehensive. The pediatrician will necessarily recommend all the necessary measures. As a rule, treatment is complex.
Treatment includes the impact on the source of the disease - its pathogen. In most cases, the doctor appoints the agent "Interferon". This is an excellent antiviral drug. It is recommended to instill the baby into the nasal passages every two hours.
If the pathogen is a bacterium, not a virus, then the antibiotic is included in the prescription. Select a wide range of drugs. The following antibiotics are recommended in pediatrics:
These drugs are prescribed depending on the phase of the disease. The first is characterized by a coughing. The doctor appoints, as a rule:
Excellent expectorant drugs are:
Their action is aimed at diluting sputum, repairing the mucosa. Medicines contribute to the excretion of mucus.
There are pharmacological agents that can suppress cough. These drugs can only be purchased with a doctor's prescription. The need to use such medicines can be judged only by the pediatrician.
This procedure is recommended as an auxiliary therapy. It is allowed to do massage with bronchitis in children only after reaching the age of 6 months.
The baby should be put on the tummy. The head of a small patient should almost be lower than the chest and pelvis. You can achieve this by placing a pillow or a folded blanket under the baby's body.
To begin massage at a bronchitis at children follows from gentle grinding an essential oil of a back. Carefully, with the pads of your fingers tap the back of the baby and his offshoot. After such a procedure, the child should be seated and allowed to cough. Massage is great for sputum production from the lungs.
Place the child immediately on one side. Do all the above procedures. Repeat the actions should be on the other side. Massage should last from 10 to 15 minutes. Pediatricians are advised to exercise no more than two procedures per day.
In this case, you should know that at an elevated temperature and a dry cough without sputum massage should not be done.
Diet and regimen
These are also important factors. Their observance can contribute to the healing process. Therefore, they should not be neglected. Baby food should be useful and balanced. It should consist of easily digestible products.
The drinking regime is also important. Fluids a sick child need 2 times more. You can offer the baby a cup of tea with raspberries, cranberry fruit drinks, dogrose drinks. Allergens are best excluded from the diet. Give up honey, chocolate, citrus.
The procedure is considered very effective. After all, there is a direct effect of the medicine on the bronchi. For inhalation of a child at home, it is good to use a nebulizer. But you should know that the device is suitable only for pharmaceuticals. You can use the device if you use mineral alkaline water.
If you plan to connect to cure bronchitis in a child, folk remedies, then inhalation is carried out over a saucepan. The baby is covered with a towel, and he inhales warm steam.
Remember, there is a restriction for such an effective procedure - it's a fever! Inhalation can not be performed with it.
So, if the choice has stopped on folk remedies, then several recipes will be useful to you (just do not forget to coordinate them with the pediatrician):
- Add 7-8 drops of iodine to a liter of boiling water. In the solution, enter a spoonful of salt. To increase the effect of this inhalation, you can dilute the mixture with a small proportion of propolis.
- An excellent result is the use of the so-called breast collection, supplemented with eucalyptus leaflets. This procedure has a fairly high healing effect.
- An excellent result will be shown by inhalation, for which twigs of sea-buckthorn, raspberries and mint (dry) are used. All ingredients must be boiled in boiling water for 5 hours.
Doctor Komarovsky's advice
Recently, many parents began to listen with pleasure to the eminent physician. After all, he does not just recommend methods of fighting the disease. His advice allows you to cure diseases much quicker.
What kind of recommendations gives a miracle healer, if there is bronchitis in children? Komarowski emphasizes that coughing is a symptom of a disease that a doctor should diagnose. And the illness should be treated together, listening to the doctor's recommendations.
Cough promotes the excretion of mucus from a child's body. Therefore, it is important that the sputum does not dry out. After all, it affects the process of self-healing. For this, the baby needs fresh cool air and plenty of liquid.
Bronchitis in children Komarowski recommends treatment only in consultation with the treating pediatrician. To combat the main symptom - a cough - the doctor offers a list of effective and fairly harmless drugs:
- Potassium iodide.
- Moist-anise drops.
The appointment of antibiotics for bronchitis is condemned by the doctor. He explicitly states that such a measure in most cases not only does not treat, but also leads to serious complications. Dr. Komarovsky highlights the main areas of the fight against the disease in children. Consider these:
- the inclusion of antiviral drugs;
- consumption of large amounts of liquid;
- Humidification of air in the room in which the diseased baby is;
- treatment of the nasal cavity.
The doctor singles out the use of massage procedures as a special item in his technique. Of course, at high temperatures this is taboo, this procedure is unacceptable! But in the stage when there is bronchitis without temperature in the child, massage makes it much easier and faster to get rid of mucus.
To the above method, you can add another amazing technique, recommended by the famous doctor.
Suggest that the baby take a deep breath. After this, the child will begin to cough. It is at this time that you need to squeeze the baby's chest with both hands.
Dr. Komarovsky believes that massage techniques for treating bronchitis are the most effective means to combat the disease.
The child's body is weakened by the onslaught of infections. And to mobilize forces to fight the disease is necessary in the shortest possible time. Therefore, it is important to help a small organism to overcome the infection. This greatly stimulates recovery. A sick child especially needs vitamins B1, B2, C, A. This measure is considered not only curative. This is also a great preventive method of fighting infections. Therefore, it is not recommended to stop taking vitamins immediately after recovery.
What factors can protect a child's body from a formidable illness? The most important thing is to protect the child from tobacco smoke. The kid should not be a passive smoker. This has a very negative effect on children's bronchi.
It is equally important to accustom a child to hardening. Never try to eat your child. Be equal to yourself. If the weather you wear a thin knitted cap, then the child should wear such, and not fur.
Be sure to carry out all the vaccinations that are prescribed by the district pediatrician.
Never do self-medication. Remember that only a pediatrician can diagnose bronchitis in children. Treatment at home will only benefit if it is agreed with the doctor. Let your child be healthy.
How to treat obstructive bronchitis in children?
Bronchitis, this ailment in acute form, obstructive bronchitis in children is the most frequent illness in a child in the first years of life. Diseases of the respiratory tract - a common and requiring a serious treatment phenomenon, it is important to remember and preventive measures. In adults, these diseases are less common, but preschool children and babies are very susceptible to various forms of bronchitis. This is due to the mechanism of child development, so the course of the disease, its diagnosis and treatment methods have their own characteristics inherent in this age category.Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa that can affect the membranes of the organs of the upper respiratory tract. Inflammatory processes begin in the nose and throat after the virus enters them, and later spread to the respiratory tract. The peculiarity of bronchitis is that the disease develops in the presence of certain factors and does not extend to other organs of the respiratory system.
Causes of bronchitis and its typesThe causes of obstructive bronchitis in children can be different. Most often it is:
- viruses and bacteria;
- significant hypothermia of the body;
- communication with a sick child.
The first place among the provokers of bronchitis is occupied by viruses that weaken the immune system of the body and contribute to the penetration of harmful microbes into the respiratory tract. The next factor is the gas content and dustiness of the air that the child breathes. Since bronchitis is transmitted by airborne droplets, the risk of contracting them when dealing with a sick person is also very high.
Most cases of bronchitis occur during the autumn-winter season, when the air temperature drops, viruses become more active, and the body's immune system weakens. Boys and girls get sick the same way. Children have their own developmental features that contribute to the development of bronchitis to a certain extent.Obstructive bronchitis in infants and toddlers of the first 3 years of life is due to the anatomical features of the bronchi and their components. At this age, the internal organs of children continue to form actively, which becomes a favorable factor for their defeat by harmful microorganisms. Bronchial structures at this age are quite long, but the lumens are small. The mucociliary apparatus, responsible for the production of sputum, is not yet sufficiently developed and does not work in full force. He is responsible for protecting the bronchi from getting into them viruses and bacteria. Underdevelopment of the smooth muscles of the bronchi promotes the appearance of spasms even with a slight irritation.
The muscles of the chest in infants are weak, which prevents complete and proper ventilation of the lungs.Factors that favor the increase in cases of diseases include unformed immunity and the presence of allergies.
In the international classification, three types of bronchitis are indicated in children:
- acute bronchitis;
- bronchitis obstructive;
- acute bronchiolitis.
Bronchitis - exclusively viral diseases, they can only be infected by airborne droplets. Bronchitis in infants is very rare, and it develops in cases when the baby was born prematurely or has congenital malformations of the respiratory system, and even in contact with sick children of the elder age. If a breastbone passes into acute bronchiolitis, severe complications in the form of acute respiratory failure are possible.
Obstructive bronchitis in childrenBronchitis in a child develops gradually. First there is a common cold and dry cough that intensifies in the evening and night hours. The kid can complain of chest pain, weakness, becomes capricious, restless, nervous. Often, the body temperature rises above 38 ° C, there are problems with breathing: wheezing in the lungs, shortness of breath.
The acute form of bronchitis lasts no more than a week, it can be cured within 5-6 days. If the sputum becomes transparent, this indicates an acute stage of bronchitis, but pus is a sign of the chronic form of the disease. If treatment is not started on time or goes wrong, bronchitis threatens with severe course and serious consequences.
One of them is the transition of normal bronchitis to an obstructive form. Obstructive bronchitis in children is one of the types of bronchial damage caused by inflammation, which is manifested by a violation of their patency.
The causes of the disease are different:
- congenital disorders of the respiratory system;
- trauma of the chest;
Symptoms of obstructive bronchitisThe main symptoms of obstructive bronchitis are severe attacks of cough, cyanosis of the fingers of the crumbs and his lips. Due to bright manifestations, it is easy to establish the form of the disease. This helps to start the right treatment. Acute obstructive bronchitis in children develops very quickly and affects healthy parts of the respiratory system. In such cases, the state of the baby deteriorates sharply with every second. Characteristic signs of obstructive bronchitis include coughing attacks at night, especially if the baby was active during the day and communicated with peers.
If it is a question of a babe, then his behavior will be restless: the baby cries unconsciously, can not fall asleep, rushes in a dream. If you listen to the breath, you can hear wheezing and bubbling, whistling in your chest. Another sure sign of obstructive bronchitis is shortness of breath, which is accompanied by the involvement of ancillary muscles in the procedure of breathing. This can be seen if you pay attention to the child's ribs and abdomen: the intervals between the ribs are drawn inward, the stomach is strained, and the chest looks constantly filled with air. It seems that the baby breathed in the air, and can not exhale.Dry cough, which eventually turns into a wet cough with sputum discharge, is the main sign of bronchitis. Its progression is indicated by the onset of respiratory failure, manifested by frequent and intermittent breathing, palpitations.
The development of obstructive bronchitis in young children directly depends on the provoker of the disease and the reactivity of the baby's bronchial system. There is obstruction in the form of a spasm of smooth muscles of the bronchi, edema of the mucous membrane and the release of thick mucus in large quantities.
And each of these processes is affected by their microorganisms. Some viruses affect the nerve nodes surrounding the bronchi, which leads to a loss of their tone and the appearance of a spasm. Others cause too much mucus secretion. And the attack of the third leads to mucosal edema, in which its lumen narrows. Usually a combination of these characteristics is observed, i.e., several types of bacteria enter the body at once, which leads to an increase in obstruction.
Most susceptible to the disease of obstructive bronchitis are children who suffer from allergies or who are overweight. These factors increase the propensity to spasm and reactive edema of the bronchi irrespective of the action of the microbes.
How to treat obstructive bronchitis?The treatment process in the presence of obstructive bronchitis is quite heavy and long, it consists of various procedures. As soon as a diagnosis is made or a suspicion of the presence of this type of bronchitis appears, it is urgent to take measures to fight the disease, especially if the baby is several months old.
The first thing that needs to be done is to reduce the manifestations of bronchial obstruction and restore the patency of the organs.
First you need to try to calm the crumbs. Excitation and anxiety increase breathing problems and worsen the patency of the bronchi. For this, calming drugs are used on a natural basis in a dosage appropriate to the age of the baby.
Inhalations with special preparations should be carried out, since this is the most effective and effective method of arresting obstruction.
For babies you can use such devices as a nebulizer or an ultrasonic inhaler. Mixtures that are intended for inhalation should contain glucocorticoids and salbutamol. The method of inhalation is useful in that all medications are delivered by inhalation directly to the bronchi and the result is visible after a few minutes of the first procedure..
Obligatory are inhalations of moistened oxygen, which are carried out in parallel with other medical measures. If inhalations do not give the proper effect, the introduction of bronchodilators with the help of droppers is carried out. Obligatory this procedure is and in case of onset of intoxication of the organism, accompanied by dehydration.
General recommendations for the treatment of obstructive bronchitis
Obligatory measure - an appeal to a specialist. Self-medication in the case of young children is completely unacceptable. If the doctor discovers the danger of bronchitis switching to a heavier form or if the baby is fever, it must be hospitalized, because in small children the respiratory system does not function completely. As additional measures you can use abundant warm drink, antipyretic medicines, strict bed rest is required.
If there is no improvement within a week, an additional examination of the child will be required. Reception of antibiotics is extremely undesirable for the baby, but in severe cases, they can not be avoided. Appointment of their child alone or on the advice of friends can not be done by the attending physician who will determine the dosage of the drugs.
It is worth remembering that children under the age of one are prohibited from giving drugs containing codeine. It is possible to use folk methods of treating bronchitis, but they must be coordinated with a specialist and act as an auxiliary therapy..
To prevent the occurrence of bronchitis, you need to monitor the clothes of the child in the winter: do not strongly insulate the crumbs to avoid excessive sweating and overheating. But the hypothermia of the body, too, should not be tolerated, since it is an important factor contributing to the development of bronchitis. Walking should take place in places protected from excessive dust and gas contamination, that is, away from the carriageway, factories and manufacturing enterprises. The premises where the child lives and plays should be regularly ventilated and cleaned in them. It also shows the use of immunomodulating drugs that help to increase the body's defenses.
Bronchitis in children: how is treatment folk remedies?
When detect bronchitis in children, treatment with folk remedies is in addition to medical therapy. First of all, of course, it is necessary to conduct timely diagnostics, to determine to what extent the airways are narrowed. All this can be done only by specialists, so it is absolutely necessary to contact the clinic.
Modern equipment easily reveals that lung function is impaired, allows to notice obstructive and restructive disorders affecting respiratory function. Timely diagnosis helps cure bronchitis, not allowing neglect of the disease. Small children are often prone to various diseases, while bronchitis is one of the most common diseases in young children.
Bronchitis is an acute inflammation of the bronchial mucosa, which is caused by the causative agent of the infection. This disease disrupts the usual activity of the bronchial glands, why in them begins the development of a viscous secretion, which is difficult to remove by coughing. Respiratory ways are blocked with phlegm, the child becomes difficult to breathe, and a dry cough begins to excruciate him.
Why does the baby develop bronchitis?
The most common cause of the appearance of this disease is the ingestion of a bacterial or viral infection into the child's organism, which irritates the bronchial mucosa.It happens that bronchitis is caused, even when an alien object gets into the respiratory tract and damages them (this may be a small detail of a toy or a designer).
In addition, the child's respiratory system can be affected by allergies, infections caused by parasites or poisoning with chemicals.
In addition, the disease can be provoked by sharp seasonal temperature changes, for example, during the rainy season, because during this period, humidity rises. Therefore, in autumn and spring, the probability for a child to develop bronchitis increases several times.
What types of bronchitis are known to modern medicine?Isolate such types of bronchitis in children, as acute, chronic and recurrent forms.
In addition, for reasons of origin, depending on what was the causative agent of the infection, the disease also has a division.
For example, a virus is considered to be that bronchitis, which was caused by a flu or adenovirus, bacterial - triggered by streptococci, staphylococci, chlamydia or a hemophilic rod, and allergic or obstructive is called the bronchitis caused by chemical irritants or dust in the house, the coat of pets, pollen plants.
How to recognize the beginning of bronchitis in children?First of all, a child with bronchitis has difficulty breathing, wheezing, poor overall health, the baby becomes sluggish and weak, the temperature may rise.
Coryza - this is a common phenomenon in this disease, especially in its beginning.
However, cough is the most obvious sign of the bronchitis that has begun. It can be both a dry and wet cough with the discharge of purulent sputum or its absence.
With chronic bronchitis, sputum is usually secreted with pus, and in case of acute bronchitis - clear phlegm. A continuous cough can cause pain in the chest.
Methods of treatment of children's bronchitis
Sometimes it happens that bronchitis in young children is difficult. But with rapid diagnosis and the appointment of proper treatment, the mucous membrane of the baby is possible restore quickly enough, the cough disappears, and after a few weeks the disease completely retreats.
All this time the child should be observed by a pediatrician: he diagnoses the disease, determines the severity of bronchitis, prescribes treatment, selects the most suitable medications.
Usually, children are assigned bed rest and a special diet, it is necessary to drink a large amount of liquid, especially if there is an increased temperature. Helping also herbal inhalation and antipyretics.
How are bronchitis treated in children treated with folk remedies?Folk remedies are able to treat bronchitis in children, while causing minimal damage to their fragile body. Traditional medicine has many good recipes for relieving symptoms of bronchitis.
Recipe 1: decoction against chronic bronchitis
For this herbal decoction is taken 16 st. l. Labrador tea, 4 tbsp. l. kidney birch, 8 tbsp. l. herbs of oregano and 4 tbsp. l. leaves of dioecious nettle. These herbs in fresh form must be crushed, mixed, poured, l boiled water. Put the boil for 10-12 minutes, then pour into a thermos and leave to infuse. Filter once after a lapse of 30 minutes. Drink a decoction of 70 g 3 times a day after eating.
Recipe 2: black radish in the fight against coughing
Black radish juice is often treated dry and wet cough, this remedy is affordable and effective. To do this, the radish is cut into cubes, sprinkled with a lot of sugar and left for 12 hours to brew at room temperature. Thus, the juice is produced, which is drained and given to a sick child every 2 hours for 1 tbsp. l.
Recipe 3: milk decoction, relieving cough
Remarkably struggling with a cough during bronchitis is a milk broth, which includes not only milk, but also figs or onions and garlic. To prepare the broth take a liter of milk, 10 onions and 1 head of garlic. Milk pour into a container, where the onions with garlic lie, put on the stove (should boil), cook on low heat, until the onions with garlic are completely soft. Then the container is removed from the plate, the liquid is filtered, and the juice of mint is added (proportion:). It is accepted for 1 tbsp. l. every 50-60 minutes.If you use figs, then 2 of its berries are filled with a glass of milk and boiled for 2 minutes. Cooled broth is given to the child 4 times a day (a quarter cup) after eating.
Recipe 4: treatment of acute bronchitis with vegetable oil
Another simple, affordable and yet effective way to overcome the symptoms of acute bronchitis is the use of vegetable oil. To do this, the oil must be boiled with a water bath. Now take a large towel, which is soaked with preheated oil, slightly cool (it should be warm). In this towel the child wraps up, a thin oilcloth is put on top and covered with a warm blanket.
Recipe 5: goat fat (internal and external means)
The popular treatment of childhood bronchitis with such a means as goat fat implies not one method. So, for example, to ingest goat fat is pre-melted, milk is heated, dissolved fat is added, this mixture is allowed to drink to the sick child. In addition, the same melted goat fat is used to lubricate the baby's feet and chest.
And goat's milk will raise the baby's immunity, especially since the body absorbs such milk well, allergic reactions usually do not occur..
Recipe 6: boiled potatoes in the treatment of bronchitis in children
This is one of the best folk recipes, passed the test of time. Unrefined potatoes are brewed, then softened, the resulting mass is given the shape of two flat cakes. Hot (not so that you can burn yourself) tortillas wrapped in a towel and placed on the chest of the child, as well as between the shoulder blades. After that, it is necessary to wrap the baby well and leave lying down until the cakes cease to be warm. Then immediately you need to wipe the child and change. It is best to take this medication before you put the baby to bed..
Folk methods of treating bronchitis are effective and do not cause negative consequences (like dysbiosis), unlike medicines. But, using different ways of treating traditional medicine, it is necessary to remember that it is mandatory to visit a doctor. It is necessary to consult a specialist in any treatment. One should be careful, trying to help the baby on their own, because of allergic reactions to any of the products of folk treatment, no one is immune.