What to do when there is a cough with a whistleCough often acts as a protective reaction of the body, but it also often occurs as a result of the development of the inflammatory process in the airways. Depending on the type of cough, this sign can indicate the flow in the patient's body of various diseases. Coughing with whistles causes people a lot of emotions, because it does not belong to the number of common phenomena, especially in young children. This type of cough can be distinguished by the presence of whistles and wheezing during the inhalation of air.
When does a wheezing cough appear?
A wheezing cough can be caused by many diseases, among which experts most often diagnose the development of obstructive processes - bronchitis or bronchial asthma. But other diseases that require medical intervention can also develop.
Whooping coughThe disease is caused by penetration of the respiratory tract infection, it is protracted. This disease affects both children and adults. For him, characteristic is such a symptomatology:
- convulsive cough, accompanied by a whistle on inspiration;
- increased body temperature;
- swelling of the face and eyes.
Treatment of whooping cough should be comprehensive and systematic, drugs are prescribed depending on the age of the patient. Specialists prescribe medications that block bronchospasm, antitussive, mucolytic and antibacterial drugs. In some cases, the use of light tranquilizers, vascular and immune drugs, in the severe condition of the patient, the use of hormones becomes inevitable.
BronchitisMost often in a child, a wheezing cough appears against the background of obstructive bronchitis. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the baby experiences shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing resulting from the narrowing of the airway lumen. Often in the diagnosis of pertussis and measles, with wheezing and whistling in the bronchi, there may be a development of a catarrhal-purulent process.
Treatment of bronchitis, in which there is a symptom such as a cough with a whistle, is carried out by sulfanilamide drugs that remove bronchospasm. Also anti-tussive, anti-inflammatory and expectorant agents are indicated. Pediatricians often prescribe to small patients such expectorant and softening syrups as "Doctor Mom", "Gedelix", "Phytostoptussin". Sodium inhalations that are useful for children and adults will also help to remove the inflammatory process. For this purpose, you can use ordinary saline or alkaline mineral water, using a steam inhaler for the procedure.
Bronchial asthma, which is allergic, is difficult to treat and, as a rule, is inherited. For this disease, the following symptoms are typical:
- shortness of breath with shortness of breath;
- whistling while breathing;
- itching in the chin, chest and neck;
- blueing of the nasolabial triangle.
A child with a whistling cough, as a rule, occurs at night, has a paroxysmal character, is accompanied by nasal congestion. Treatment of bronchial asthma can be carried out at home or permanently, depending on the severity of the disease. Patients are prescribed bronchodilator aspirators-inhalers with hormonal preparations, anti-inflammatory and antiallergic medicines are also used.Whistle when coughing can disappear as a result of taking antihistamines, which also need to be used in the treatment of bronchial asthma of allergic origin. With a wheezing cough, it is better to refuse treatment with folk remedies, especially medicinal herbs, because in this case can only aggravate the course of the allergic process in the body patient.
How to help the patient?If at night a person is disturbed by coughing attacks accompanied by whistling, it is necessary to change his position during sleep. It is important to know that the patient should be in a semi-sitting position. For the period of treatment, people should be provided with favorable conditions for a quick recovery - a lot to be outdoors and drink warm drinks. The danger of coughing with whistling in adults is that this sign can indicate swelling of the lungs, so you should immediately seek emergency medical help. Before the arrival of the doctor, the patient's relatives can give him antihistamines that relieve swelling of the bronchi or lungs.
Improve the patient's condition will help light chest massage. But you should know that in the case when there are attacks of coughing with whistles, the use of warming agents and essential oils is categorically contraindicated, because such actions can complicate the situation.
Coughing with whistles in adults: causes of wheezing
Cough is a protective reaction of the body to irritants. Viruses and pathogens begin to multiply on the mucosa, which causes irritation.
There is a severe dry cough that can deprive the patient of sleep for the duration of treatment. But besides this, cough can appear as a result of inflammation of the respiratory organs.
The causes of coughing with whistles are different. It causes not a lot of experiences of the patient, because it is not ordinary.
A wheezing cough is not a frequent occurrence, but it brings a lot of inconvenience. It strongly irritates the throat and larynx, it can cause side diseases like angina and even bring the lungs to their inflammation.
Its characteristic features are a whistle when coughing and wheezing during breathing.
When does a wheezing cough appear?A cough with a whistle can overtake both adults and children. In the latter, this symptom is particularly difficult. The reasons for this may be different, but more often it is a side symptom of bronchitis or even asthma. A wheezing cough can develop many serious diseases.
One of them is whooping cough. When pathogenic bacteria and other infections enter the respiratory tract, they begin to multiply actively, hitting all the larger areas. There is a lot of inflammation and swelling. Whooping cough can be determined by the following symptoms:
- A convulsive cough, rolling in with bouts and accompanied by a whistle on inhaling and wheezing on exhalation. In practice, it looks very frightening: as if the patient suffocates;
- As with many diseases, the temperature rises;
- The face, in particular the skin around the eyes, swells.
To be engaged in a selftreatment of a pertussis in no event it is impossible. It is urgent to see a doctor. He will prescribe a comprehensive treatment, prescribe drugs that block bronchial spasms, antibacterial and mucolytic. In this case, only medicamental treatment will help, without any folk remedies.
In especially severe cases, tranquilizers and hormones are prescribed.
BronchitisCauses of coughing with whistles can be caused by bronchitis. In adults, it occurs less often, but it is as severe as in children.
Often, he comes in pairing with measles or whooping cough, which worsens the situation.
The earlier the symptoms are detected, the sooner the treatment will start:
- Increased temperature;
- General weakness;
- Chest pain;
- Shortness of breath, breath with whistling;
Bronchitis, in which there is a cough with whistle is treated with drugs that relieve spasm of the bronchi. Prescribed expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antitussive.
Bronchodilators and syrups, such as Dr Mom or Gedelix, are helpful. This type of medicine does not disturb the already sore throat and help to relieve coughing spasms.
During the treatment of bronchitis, it is permissible to use folk remedies, for example, inhalations or rinses of the throat, they minimize coughing with whistling.
AsthmaCoughing with whistles can cause even more serious causes. For example, bronchial asthma. This disease is allergic, difficult to treat.
It is usually inherited, but can also be acquired already in adults. Most untreated chronic bronchitis flows into asthma.
It is difficult to diagnose asthma at first, because it is very similar to bronchitis, but over time, the symptoms become more and more evident, and the chances of curing the disease decrease. So, the typical symptoms of asthma are:
- Wheezing and coughing;
- Itching in the chest, in the region of the chin and neck;
- Blueing of the nasolabial triangle.
Most often, coughing and shortness of breath happen at night. They are accompanied by nasal congestion and are severe. You can treat asthma both at home and in the hospital. Most often choose the first option, since this disease is not out of speed. The treatment uses inhalers with bronchodilators, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drugs.
Whistling cough can eliminate antihistamines. Treating it with folk remedies is not recommended. Many herbs offered in recipes are allergic and too sensitive during asthma, the body can react badly to them.
In general, any treatment not approved by a doctor can be dangerous for the patient.
How to help the patient?
The reasons for which coughing overtakes at night are not known. It is very important to know how to help him in this case. In severe attacks, it is best to call a doctor, but also to sit, looking at the misery can not be. So, how to help the patient?
- Change the position of the patient during an attack. Correct - half sitting;
- Provide access to fresh air;
- Warm drinking of any kind;
- Before the arrival of a doctor, during an attack, it is necessary to relieve the swelling of the bronchi and lungs. Antihistamines will help in this;
- Easy breast massage;
- During coughing attacks, warming agents are strictly prohibited, as they can lead to complications.
In the program of Elena Malysheva, in the video in this article, an interesting approach to the problem of coughing, which we recommend to look at.
Whistling cough: how to treat
Cough is the body's signal about developing infection in the airways. Cough can be the result of a cold, flu, other ARI, or it can signal more serious lung diseases, such as tuberculosis or cancer. Different types of cough may indicate a particular disease. For example, a wheezing cough can be a consequence of bronchial asthma or obstructive bronchitis. Did you develop a wheezing cough? How to treat it, read this article.
Whistling cough: a characteristic of ailment
A wheezing cough is characterized by wheezing and whistling during a sudden exhalation of air. Whistle is the result of sputum accumulated in the bronchi (mucus). According to statistics, bronchial asthma is up to 10%. The main symptom of this disease is a sharp paroxysmal whistling cough, which often appears at night. Asthma is characterized by a spasm of small bronchi, so it becomes difficult for children to breathe, and it can begin to suffocate. At exhalation it is well audible "whistles". An attack of a wheezing cough can last about an hour, and ends with the spitting out of the sputum. Due to the fact that the patient feels a lack of air at the same time, there may be dizziness, darkening in the eyes.
Whistling cough: how to treat illness
1. Treat diseases that are accompanied by a wheezy cough, can be bronchodilator means, whose action is aimed at expanding the bronchi. These drugs include salbutamol, fenoterol, terbutaline.
2. Inhalation is an effective method for treating a wheezy cough. The folk method of inhalation is the following, a hot solution is poured into a container, pan or iron bowl. Lean over a container at a height of 30 cm, cover the top with a blanket or towel and breathe the medical vapor for 15 minutes.
3. Soda inhalation during a wheezing cough can be done as follows: take an iron kettle, pour a glass of water into it and add a teaspoon of soda. When it boils, put a twisted sheet of paper on the spout and get this steam for 15 minutes.
4. Little babies can be treated with a whistling cough inhaled. Older children can be covered with a towel on top and allow them to breathe above the capacity of 10 minutes, and small children are simply kept close to the pan so that they breathe a little of this healing steam.
5. It must always be remembered that self-medication can be unsafe and ineffective, so if you have a wheezy cough, it is better to go to the reception to a specialist.
Barking cough in a childMost often parents face such a symptom of childhood illnesses as cough, it can be different: dry, wet or barking, but almost always indicates the presence of some kind of disease.
Barker is called dry, frequent, paroxysmal cough, in which the patient can not clear his throat, suffocates, he may have hoarseness and noisy wheezing.
Especially dangerous barking cough in a child under 3 years old, it indicates a severe pathological process in the respiratory tract. Barking cough signals about such dangerous diseases as whooping cough, diphtheria or false cereal, so when it appears in children under 5 years of age, it is necessary to immediately call a doctor and begin treatment.
Cough occurs when viruses or bacteria enter the trachea or bronchi, they enter the cells, cause swelling and inflammation, and irritate the cough receptors. This provokes a contraction of the muscles of the bronchi and supporting muscles of the chest and helps to release bronchi and lungs from accumulated mucus and bacteria. But dry barking cough does not bring the body benefits, it only depletes the patient and irritates the vocal ligaments, and to improve the condition, one should try to immediately begin treatment to help phlegm.
Causes of appearance
The causes of barking cough may be different, but most often it occurs when the infectious agent enters the respiratory tract, it is:
- influenza, parainfluenza, rhinovirus, reovirus and other ARVI;
- laryngitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis;
- laryngotracheitis or false groats;
- whooping cough;
- diphtheria or true croup;
- allergic diseases;
- foreign bodies in the larynx.
Viral infections- at the beginning of the disease, the child rises body temperature to subfebrile and febrile digits, sometimes even up to 40 degrees and above, There is also weakness, general malaise, then a runny nose, lachrymation, dry, sometimes barking, coughing and sore throat. In the normal course of the disease, after a few days, sputum appears, the temperature decreases, and the patient's condition normalizes.
Inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system- tracheitis, laryngitis or pharyngitis - dry barking cough appears in the early days of the disease, depending on the severity of the inflammation, the patient's condition may remain relatively satisfactory or symptoms of intoxication also appear: hyperthermia and headache. As with ARVI, no special treatment is required.
Laryngotracheitis or false cereals- still fairly widespread and severe diseases of infants and young children, this is due to the physiological feature of the structure their respiratory tracts - swelling of the lining space can completely block the flow of oxygen into the lungs, since they have a very narrow lumen of respiratory ways. Because of this, air can not enter the lungs, and the baby starts to choke.
Laryngotracheitis can occur due to any viral disease, most often its onset is provoked by adenoviruses, parainfluenza viruses or PC viruses. For schoolchildren and adults, laryngotracheitis is not particularly dangerous, as well as for about 90% of young children - swelling and inflammation gradually decrease and the disease passes without complications. But the appearance of a characteristic triad of signs of laryngitis in young children should alert the parents:
- rough barking cough;
- hoarseness or complete disappearance of the voice;
- noisy, wheezing, audible from a distance.
Or he suddenly developed a fit of severe cough, and there were signs of lack of air: pale or cyanotic skin, shortness of breath and so on or the child experiences panic attacks, his parents should immediately go to an ambulance, and before her arrival try to help the baby yourself.
Pertussis and diphtheria- Today, these infectious diseases are rare and often occur in a latent form, taken by parents for common colds. The main difference between whooping cough and other infections is a very frequent coughing, accompanied by noisy wheezing and vomiting after a cough. Diphtheria is much more difficult to distinguish, the first signs of the disease almost completely coincide with the symptoms of ARVI.
The main difference between diphtheria, the only disease that provokes the development of true croup is the formation of tonsils of a dirty-gray plaque and persistent dry cough, practically not amenable to treatment by usual methods. If these infections are suspected, the child should be taken to the hospital, since a specific treatment is needed - the introduction of antitussive antitoxin or antidiphtheria serum.
Allergic diseases- the emergence of a constant dry cough, not accompanied by hyperthermia and other symptoms of the inflammatory process, may be a sign of allergic bronchitis or even bronchial asthma. In this case, the symptoms occur suddenly, under certain conditions and in addition to coughing can be: lacrimation, copious discharge from the nose, redness and rashes on the skin, itching and so on. In this case, to cure a patient by usual means from a cold does not work and consultation and treatment is required from a specialist.
Foreign bodies in the larynx- very often children swallow or inhale small objects that get on the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and cause its irritation. In this case, there is a sudden attack of a strong barking cough that can also stop suddenly.
Depending on the size of the object, sometimes there is an attack of suffocation or inflammation of the mucosa, due to which the patient will be tormented by a constant dry cough, with complete physical health, if you suspect a foreign body, you should visit the ENT doctor or another specialist.
TreatmentWhen a barking coughing occurs, the child must be shown to specialists, since such a symptom always indicates a pathological process in the respiratory organs.
Before applying to a doctor, you can try to help yourself to the patient yourself, but you can not do it yourself.
At home, you can:
- Create a calm environment - the excitement and fear causes spasm of the muscles of the larynx, provoking an increase in coughing and shortness of breath. Therefore, it is very important to calm yourself and try to distract and reassure the patient.
- Humidify the air in the room - it is necessary to moisten the air as much as possible in the patient's room, this will facilitate breathing, soften the irritated mucosa and calm the cough. If necessary, it can be placed in the bathroom, next to hot water, so that the air is all saturated with water vapor.
- Provide the patient with a large amount of warm liquid - this will help reduce body temperature and facilitate the excretion of phlegm. The patient should constantly drink a warm, alkaline liquid - compote, unsweetened tea, milk, juices.
- Steam inhalations - they are carried out with the help of special devices, or simply letting the baby breathe over a pot of boiling water with the addition of soda, sage or boiled potatoes.
- Antihistamines - sometimes taking antiallergic drugs allows you to quickly stop all signs of malaise.
All these funds will not help cure the child of the disease, they are only able to alleviate his condition, and a full treatment can appoint only a doctor, so when barking coughing is not possible to delay the treatment for medical help.