Is it possible to cure pneumonia with flexmoxin solutab? (83 years) Is it possible to drink an antibiotic on an empty stomach?
Flemoxin is a very good drug. Pneumonia is a direct indication of its purpose and can be taken regardless of food (which can not be said about most antibiotics). But age raises doubts.. . here you need to rely on the general condition and resistance of the body, as well as take into account the possibility of an allergic reaction. Perhaps you should go to the hospital.
Eh! Late drink Borjomi, if the lungs have disappeared ...
It is necessary that the antibiotic was strong and drink better after eating
It is possible and cured. But maybe an eighty-four-year-old man should be attached to a hospital? Still pneumonia, they are more heavily tolerated than young. And x-ray control is necessary. On a skinny stomach, amoxicillin is better and take.
Hardly. One more antibiotic of other series is necessary and it is desirable parenteral.
I think this AB is assigned to your grandmother given her general condition and the lack of opportunity for injections. in general, this is an ordinary amoxicillin, only its rat form. In general, pneumonia at this age is an indication for hospitalization. and cure or not cure Flemoxin is difficult to answer, because we do not know the initial state of granny
Very often, people use antibiotics for treatment without consulting a doctor. Such self-treatment is the reason for the adaptability of pathogens to antibiotics and their further reproduction. All this leads to the fact that the inflammatory process in the body is growing, and does not respond to treatment. These kinds of situations stimulate specialists to new research in the field of medicine and to produce new, stronger, more effective drugs. Antibiotic flemoxin refers to this type of drugs, which has a wide spectrum of action and is part of a group of penicillins.
In inflammatory processes, flemoxin acts on the source of the disease bactericidal, that is, it destroys pathogens of infections. It should be noted that prolonged use of this antibiotic can lead to addiction, and as a consequence - its inefficiency in treatment.
After taking Flemoxin, it begins to be quickly absorbed into the digestive tract. The peak concentration of this type of antibiotic in the blood occurs 2 hours after its administration. The concentration of the drug necessary for treatment is achieved by its penetration into the mucosa, and therefore, Flemoxin is quite effective:
- with angina;
- with bronchitis;
- at a genyantritis;
- with pneumonia;
- at otitis.
In the treatment of meningitis, flemoxin is not effective, since the process of drug absorption into the cerebrospinal fluid is quite long.
Flemoxin - indications for use
Flemoxin is used in the treatment of:
- respiratory tract diseases caused by various bacteria that are sensitive to the action of flemoxin (tracheitis, bronchitis, inflammation of the lungs, etc.), as well as with ENT diseases (pharyngitis, follicular angina, otitis, sinusitis, etc.);
- infectious processes in the gastrointestinal tract;
- infectious processes in the organs of the genitourinary system;
- with infectious lesions of skin and tissues.
Dosage of Flemoxin
The dosage of flemoxin depends on such indices:
- Severity of the disease.
- Individual features of the body.
In small doses, the drug is acceptable to prescribe during pregnancy. When lactating with an antibiotic should be accurate, because penetrating through the mother's milk in the body of the child drug, can cause him an allergy to flemoxin.
Use Flemoxin allowed for thirty minutes before meals, or 30 minutes after, after chewing the tablet, or swallowing whole.
The period of taking the drug for infections of medium severity is about 7 days, if the disease has a larger scale - the period of treatment with this antibiotic reaches 14 days. In this case, in case of disappearance of signs of the disease, the antibiotic should be taken about two more days.
Flemoxin - side effects
- GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT: flatulence, diarrhea, in rare cases - colitis (inflammatory processes in the large intestine);
- kidney: nephritis (inflammatory processes in the kidneys);
- organs responsible for blood formation: a decrease in the total number of leukocytes (which leads to a decrease in the protective functions of the body), as well as platelets (which leads to the development of bleeding);
- a variety of allergic reactions, a rash of different nature, hives, which can go to the Quincke's edema, in rare cases, anaphylactic shock may occur.
Remember that before buying an analog of flemoxin you should consult your doctor.
Flemoxin: instructions for use and reviews
"Flemoxin" is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against most gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Due to its effectiveness, it is the first choice drug for angina, scarlet fever, sinusitis and many other infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Instruction for the use of Flemoxin
"Flemoxin Solutab" is active against streptococci, staphylococci (including golden), meningococcus, gonococcus, tetanus, listeria, enterococci and other bacteria. They can be treated:
- respiratory tract infections (bronchitis, pneumonia, laryngitis, tonsillitis, etc.);
- infections of the digestive system (gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, the causative agent of which is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori);
- infections of the genitourinary system (cystitis, pyelonephritis, gonorrhea, etc.);
- infections of soft tissues and skin (furuncles, folliculitis, etc.).
Also, "Flemoxin" is indicated for inflammation of the facial nerve and skin infections that arose after animal bites. Children up to 8 years of age, the drug is prescribed for the treatment of borreliosis, a disease transmitted by infected ixodid mites.
The dosage of Flemoxin may differ depending on the weight and age of the patient, as well as the diagnosis and severity of the course of the disease. For children up to one year, the drug is usually prescribed at 10-20 mg / kg three times a day. Children aged 1-3 years "Flemoxin" give 125 mg three times a day or 250 mg twice a day. For children 3-10 years, the dosage of the drug is increased to 250 mg 3 times a day or 375 mg 2 times a day. Adults prescribe 500-750 mg twice a day or 375-500 mg three times a day. The duration of treatment should be at least 5-7, and in some cases - 10 days. With gonorrhea, "Flemoxin" should be drunk only in the amount of 3 g. With relapsing infections and chronic diseases, the dosage of Flemoxin can be increased. If the liver or kidney is broken, on the contrary, it is reduced.
You can drink Flemoxin regardless of the meal. The tablet can be swallowed whole, chewed, divided into parts or dissolved in water.
"Flemoxin Solutab" is contraindicated in case of allergy to the main active substance and additional components of the medicine. With caution, the drug should be taken with kidney failure, lymphocytic leukemia, pregnancy, infectious mononucleosis and during lactation. "Flemoxin" is not compatible with all medicines. To avoid complications during treatment, you should inform your doctor about taking any medications before starting therapy.
In most cases, Flemoxin is well tolerated by both children and adults. Improvement usually occurs on the second-third day after the initiation of therapy. However, there are also negative reviews about the drug. Some patients complain of complications such as nausea, flatulence, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Allergy sufferers often develop a rash, and in some cases exudative erythema. The drug manufacturer warns that in the presence of these or other complications, you should consult your doctor and revise the dosage.
Antibiotics for bronchitis
The thunderstorm of the autumn-spring period is bronchitis. Often it begins with a common cold and other respiratory diseases - sore throat or sinusitis. How to treat bronchitis correctly, only the doctor will say. Many people avoid using strong medicines and are treated with folk remedies. Often this is the reason for the transition of manifestations of bronchitis in the chronic course of the disease. Antibiotics for bronchitis should not be taken alone - be sure to contact your doctor.
Scheme of treatment of bronchitis and pneumonia with antibiotics
Treatment of inflammation of the respiratory tract is carried out in a hospital or outpatient. Light bronchitis is successfully eliminated at home, chronic or acute manifestations require hospitalization. Bronchitis and pneumonia are insidious diseases, so do not self-medicate. For adults and children, doctors prescribe different antibiotics and apply different healing procedures. Thus, antibiotics for bronchitis and the treatment regimen depend on:
- having a tendency to allergies;
- the nature of the disease (acute, chronic);
- type of pathogen;
- parameters of the drugs used (speed and spectrum of action, toxicity).
Antibiotics powerfully affect the human body, and their thoughtless use can harm, not help. For example, the use of strong drugs in the prevention of bronchitis can have the opposite effect. The constant intake of antibiotics inhibits immunity, promotes the emergence of dysbiosis, adaptation of strains of the disease to the drugs used. Therefore, it can not be said that antibiotics are the best remedy for bronchitis. Treatment of obstructive bronchitis with antibiotics is prescribed in the case of:
- if there is a high temperature (more than 38 degrees), which lasts longer than 3 days;
- purulent sputum;
- protracted nature of the disease - treatment for longer than a month does not bring recovery.
- manifesting severe symptoms during exacerbation.
- if the analysis of sputum revealed pathogens, bacterial or atypical nature.
What antibiotics to drink in adults with bronchitis? A specific treatment regimen is used based on the severity of the disease, its course and the age of the patient. With bronchitis of acute type, drugs of penicillin group are prescribed - Amoxicillin, Erythromycin. With chronic it is possible to use Amoxiclav, Augmentin. If this group of drugs does not help, they switch to the use of Rovamycin, Sumamed and others.
For the elderly, Flemoxin, Azithromycin, Suprax, Ceftriaxone are prescribed. If sputum analysis was not performed, then a wide range of antibiotics are preferred: Ampicillin, Streptocillin, Tetracycin, etc. After the analysis, the doctor prescribes directed drugs. The decision on what antibiotics to take when bronchitis in adults is taken by the attending physician. In any case, the following treatment principles should be adhered to:
- Drugs are taken strictly according to the instructions (dosage, schedule) at regular intervals.
- It is unacceptable to skip the reception of tablets.
- If the symptoms of bronchitis have disappeared - you can not arbitrarily stop treatment.
Unlike adults, the treatment of bronchitis in children with antibiotics is extremely undesirable and dangerous. It is allowed to use drugs only if there is a suspicion of an infectious type of disease. Children should take penicillin group drugs. For children with asthma, the use of azithromycin, erythromycin is allowed. In the rest the treatment scheme of the child is standard and is aimed at eliminating symptoms. Assign:
- bed rest, child care;
- drugs to reduce temperature;
- means for eliminating cough and sore throat;
- application of traditional medicine.
Groups of antibacterials of new generation
Penicillins (oxacillin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin). The group of drugs includes such as "Amoxiclav", "Augmentin", "Panklav", etc. They have a bactericidal effect, they affect the formation of the protein wall of a harmful bacterium, as a result of which it dies. Preparations with it are considered the safest. The only negative is the ability to excite allergic reactions. If the disease is started and the drugs with penicillin do not have the proper effect, then they switch to strong drugs.
Macrolides. An extensive group of drugs, which include erythromycin, oleandomycin, midecamycin, dirithromycin, telithromycin, roxithromycin, clarithromycin. The brightest representatives of macrolides on the pharmacological market are preparations "Erythromycin", "Claricin", "Sumamed". The mechanism of action is directed to the disturbance of the vital activity of the microbial cell. In terms of safety, macrolides are less harmful than tetracyclines, fluoroquinols, more dangerous than penicillins, but they are good for people who are allergic. In combination with penicillins reduce their effectiveness.
Fluoroquinolones (pefloxacin, lomefloxacin, sparfloxacin, hemifloxacin, moxifloxacin). On the market, the drugs are presented by "Afelox", "Afenoxin", and medications that are of the same name with the main active substance, for example, "Moxifloxacin". This group is used as a medicine for bronchitis. It is prescribed only if the previous two groups of antibiotics did not affect the causative agent of the disease.
Cephalosporins (active substances - cephalexin, cefaclor, cefoperazone, cefepime). According to the type of pathogen, the patient is prescribed "Cefalexin", "Cefuroxime axetil", "Cefotaxime". Limited to the effect on some pathogens. For example, such antibiotics absolutely do not affect pneumococci, chlamydia, microplasmas, listeria. Preparations of the first generation are practically not absorbed into the blood, and therefore are administered in the form of injections.
Which antibiotics are the most effective?
Amoxicillin. Form release - capsules and granules. Adults take 500 mg (1-2 capsules) 3 times a day, if the bronchitis in severe form is doubled to 1000 mg. The child is prescribed from 100 to 250 mg per day, depending on the age. To facilitate admission for children, a suspension is prepared - in half a glass of water, the antibiotic is diluted and shaken. The method of intake is only oral, by injection the drug is not administered.
Sumamed. It is used for bronchitis and pneumonia. It is not used by patients with liver and kidney dysfunction. Produced by tablets, capsules, powder for suspensions. Dosage for adults - 500 mg per day, course 3-5 days. Children dose determined by weight - 5-30 mg of medicine per 1 kg. More accurate and correct dosage will be told only by a specialist, do not neglect medical opinion.
Levofloxacin and Moxifloxacin. They are positioned as antibiotics for chronic bronchitis in adults (over 18 years of age). Highly effective in pneumonia, sinusitis, pyelonephritis, infections of various etiologies. The use of this antibiotic is accompanied by a plentiful drink. Avoid direct contact with ultraviolet light of any origin. The form of release - tablets. Dosage - 1-2 times a day for 500 mg.
Cefazolin. Produced by powder for the preparation of infusions and injections. Methods of administration - only intravenously and intramuscularly. For adults, 3-4 injections per day for 0.25-1 g Therapeutic course - 7-10 days. The child's dose is determined proportionally to the weight of the child - 25-50 mg per 1 kg. Stabbing - 3-4 times a day. If patients have renal dysfunction, dosage adjustment is performed.
Antibiotics because of their nature have an extensive list of side effects. From the gastrointestinal tract - is diarrhea, vomiting, dysbiosis, constipation, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, flatulence, dry mouth. From the urogenital organs - itching, impotence, kidney failure, blood in the urine. On the part of the locomotor system - dizziness, arthritis, muscle weakness, numbness of the limbs, paralysis. Skin reactions are hives, itching, allergic reactions.
The preparation "Flemoxin Solutab" for children and adults
The preparation "Flemoxin Solutab" is the first choice medicine for the treatment of complications of respiratory diseases of bacterial etiology, such as sinusitis, otitis media, streptococcal tonsillitis (group A). This antibiotic can cure the majority of community-acquired pneumonias caused by bacteria. One of the advantages is that the "Flemoxin Solutab" medication is suitable for children and adults.
The drug has a large spectrum of antibacterial action, which allows you to suppress almost all pathogens that cause inflammation of the respiratory tract. The active substance of the drug is amoxicillin. Despite the fact that he does not have resistance to beta-lactamase, this antibiotic is very valuable for pediatricians, since in general, ARI is provoked by pathogens that do not produce this enzyme. Therefore, you can use "Flemoxin Solutab" for children.
The drug penetrates well into the mucous membranes, bone tissue, sputum, intraocular fluid and achieves therapeutic concentrations there. The drug through the BBB does not penetrate, but with inflammation of the meninges in the cerebrospinal fluid, its concentration is approximately 20% of the level in the blood plasma. The drug is eliminated mainly by the kidneys. However, if their functions are disrupted, the half-life may increase from 1-1.5 to 8-8.5 hours (especially with anuria).
Form of issue
The minimum dosage of the drug is the tablet "Flemoxin Solutab" 125 mg. Instructions for the medicine are described in this article. Other variants of the release are 250 mg and 500 mg tablets. This allows you to accurately select the dosage. For children, the "Flemoxin Solutab" 125 is well suited. Instructions for the drug contains recommendations for dosage and a regimen for taking the medicine. Tablets can be taken as a whole, or by dividing them into parts. The medicine can be dissolved in water and in any syrup. This makes the reception of the "Flemoxin Solutab" medication for children very convenient.
Advantages of the form
The drug is highly bioavailable. Amoxicillin is almost completely absorbed, while retaining intestinal flora. This allows you to reduce the incidence of gastric and intestinal disorders that occur when taking other forms of the drug, as well as reduce the effect of antibiotic on the quality of the stool. Researches of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences showed that only 1% of children taking the "Flemoxin Soluteab" remedy had a disorder of stool. Due to the high bioavailability, higher peak concentrations of the drug are observed in the blood. This allows you to reduce dosage. Studies have also shown that the burden of medication on the intestinal flora is four times lower than that indicated during antibiotic administration in capsules. As already mentioned, tablets "Flemoxin Solutab" can be taken in various ways - in parts, dissolve in different liquids, etc.
The main contraindications for taking the drug are intolerance to its components or increased sensitivity to them. Also, the drug "Flemoxin Solutab" is contraindicated in lymphocytic leukemia and mononucleosis, because the majority of patients with these ailments develop exanthema.
Application in the period of lactemia and pregnancy
Prescription of the drug to pregnant and lactating mothers is possible only in those cases when the expected useful result exceeds the risks of side effects. Small doses of amoxicillin are present in breast milk. This can cause sensitization in the child.
Dosage and route of administration
The medicinal preparation is taken orally after or during a meal. The tablet is swallowed whole or divided into parts. It can be washed down with a glass of water or diluted in it. Means "Flemoxin Solutab" for children over the age of ten and adults with infections and inflammatory processes mild and moderate severity is indicated in doses of 500-750 mg twice daily or 375-500 mg three times a day. The daily dose of the drug, including for infants up to 1 year, is 30-60 mg per kg of body weight (in two or three doses).
When treating severe infections, especially with hard-to-reach foci (acute otitis media, etc.), a three-time antibiotic is recommended. Chronic diseases and relapses mean taking the drug 750 mg - 1 g three times a day. For children - 60 mg per 1 kg per day for three meals. Uncomplicated acute gonorrhea is treated with a single dose of 3 grams of the drug in combination with 1 gram of probenecid. With average and mild levels of severity of infections, treatment is carried out for 5-7 days. If they are provoked by Streptococcus pyogenes - not less than 10 days. Treatment of chronic diseases with severe leakage implies the calculation of dosages of the drug, based on the clinical picture. The medication should continue for another 2 days after the disappearance of the symptoms of the disease. For patients with creatinine clearance less than 10 ml / min, the dose should be reduced by 15-20%.
When taking the drug in rare cases, there may be changes in taste, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting. In some cases - an increase in the level of activity of liver transaminases. Hemorrhagic and pseudomembranous colitis are very rare. In rare cases, interstitial nephritis develops. Possible hemolytic anemia, neutropenia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia - violations of the hematopoiesis system. However, they are extremely rare. There are also various allergies: skin rashes and exudative erythema multiforme (rarely). In some cases, anaphylactic or angioedurotic shock is possible.
Such agents as phenylbutazone, oxyphenbutazone, probenecid and - to a lesser extent - sulfinipirazone and acetylsalicylic acid, cause inhibition of tubular secretion of penicillins. Therefore, when they are taken together with the "Flemoxin Solutab", the half-life and the concentration of antibiotic in the plasma are increased. Antibiotic drugs with a bactericidal mechanism of action (cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, rifampicin, vancomycin) together with ampicillin have a synergistic effect. When combined with some bacteriostatic antibiotics (sulfonamides, chloramphenicol) antagonism is possible. Medication "Flemoxin Solutab" can reduce the effectiveness of estrogen-containing oral contraceptives, as well as increase the risk of breakthrough bleeding. Joint reception with the drug "Allopurinol" does not lead to an increase in the frequency of skin reactions.
In case of an overdose, the following symptoms may be observed: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. Violated water-electrolyte balance. Measures: the appointment of salt laxatives, activated carbon, gastric lavage, restoration of water-electrolyte balance.
Erythroderma is not a contraindication to the appointment of the "Flemoxin Solutab" for children and adults. There is a possibility of cross-resistance with other penicillin antibiotics and cephalosporins. In some cases, there is a risk of developing superinfection (as with other penicillin therapy). Severe diarrhea, as with pseudomembranous colitis, is a signal for drug withdrawal. Patients with lymphocytic leukemia and mononucleosis should be prescribed with great care, as there is a risk of non-allergic exanthema.