A prolonged cough in an adult treatment

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Causes and treatment of prolonged cough in adults

The treatment of prolonged cough in adults is a long process. Cough often accompanies catarrhal diseases, but sometimes it remains for a long time. It takes several weeks, and he is still with you. To the aid come medicines, medicinal plants and physiotherapy.

The problem of protracted cough

What is a cough?

Coughing is a reflex contraction of the respiratory muscles causing a sudden expulsion of air from the lungs in response to irritation of the mucous larynx, pleura, trachea and bronchi. As a result, the respiratory tract clears from foreign particles or accumulated mucus. Cough, which does not cause a bronchial secretion (sputum), is called dry or unproductive. A peculiar opposite is a cough accompanied by excretion of phlegm. It is called wet.

Depending on the time during which a cough is observed, it is divided into:

  1. Acute - lasting less than 2 weeks.
  2. Prolonged - lasts up to 4 weeks.
  3. Subacute cough - lasting for 2 months.
  4. Chronic cough - uninterrupted for more than 2 months.
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Causes of protracted cough

  1. Smoking is the cause of a protracted coughThe most common cause is the complication of infectious and viral diseases, when the pathogen settles and actively multiplies in the bronchi.
  2. Untimely or incorrect treatment of cold and flu is accompanied by a chronic cough. For example, if the disease was initially viral, and it was treated with antibiotics. As a result, the disease worsened and complications developed. Often adults try to suffer a cold on their feet, justifying their workload and other excuses, thus delaying treatment. They consult a doctor only after they have been knocked down by a fever and a complete malaise. The launched disease "gave roots" in the bronchi and lungs.
  3. Postnazalnoe flowing discharge from the nose into the larynx, developing with allergies or chronic infectious diseases.
  4. Chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma and gastroesophageal reflux disease are also accompanied by a prolonged cough.
  5. As one of the side effects of some drugs for heart failure and hypertension, for example, Enalapril.
  6. Chronic and protracted cough quite often appears in smokers with experience after the transfer of cold or viral diseases. The mucous airway of a smoker differs from that of an ordinary person. Smokers have reduced immunity to respiratory infections.
  7. A prolonged dry cough can develop against a background of allergies. Receptors on bronchial mucosa and larynx become incredibly sensitive to irritants: dust, tobacco smoke, pollen of plants and animal hair.
Lung cancer is the cause of a protracted coughIt is worth mentioning that a cough, lasting several weeks or months, in the absence of other symptoms can signal the presence of serious diseases: tuberculosis and lung cancer. In addition, without adequate treatment, chronic cough in adults can go to pneumonia (pneumonia), bronchial asthma, pleurisy or lung abscess, which is a danger for life.Doing self-medication can be dangerous, it is better to go to a consultation with an experienced therapist, an ENT doctor and a pulmonologist.

To establish an accurate diagnosis, a specialist will assign a series of tests and examinations: blood tests, analysis sputum, fluorography, tests of the function of external respiration (tussography, bodipletizmography, spirography and spirometry).

How to cure a chronic cough

Depending on the patient's condition, clinical symptoms and examination results, the doctor will recommend one or another treatment regimen. Chronic non-productive cough is tried to convert into productive, that is, in the one where sputum goes away. To do this, prescribe expectorant drugs that contribute to the removal of bronchial mucus. In addition, they recommend drugs that stimulate expectoration: preparations of reflex or resorptive action, as well as those that dilute sputum. These include mucolytics, cysteine ​​preparations and proteolytic drugs.

In accordance with the nature of the chronic cough and the disease that provoked it, antiviral drugs, antibiotics and antihistamines are prescribed.

Syrup Sinecode for coughWith a dry, unproductive cough, at night, preparations containing codeine are recommended, as well as Sinekod. At night, the thorax and back can be smeared with warming ointment.

Inhalation is a very effective method of treating cough. They can be carried out using an ultrasonic or compressor inhaler. The vapors of the drug together with the air flow enter the bronchi. This helps to restore the mucosa, increase blood circulation and improve the excretion of sputum. Folk remedies testify to the usefulness of inhaling the fumes emanating from a hot pan, where they insisted on collecting medicinal herbs. An example is a strawberry with elderberry, raspberry with lime color and mother-and-stepmother, as well as raspberry with sage and mother-and-stepmother.

Inhalations with aromatic oils have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Take a shallow wide container and pour water into it with a temperature of no higher than 40 ° C. Pour 2-3 drops of eucalyptus, menthol or mint oil into the water. Cover yourself with a towel and inhale the couples for 5-7 minutes. Half an hour later, this procedure can be supplemented with a warm-water inhalation.

In the treatment of chronic cough, it is very useful to do similar inhalations. The thermal effect accelerates the dilution and excretion of mucus from the lumen of the bronchi. Plus, the dryness of the mucous membranes decreases. To the pharmacy physiological solution, heated to 38-42 ° C, antibiotics recommended by the doctor, sulfonamides, hormones or other components are added. In some cases, inhalation is carried out with a warm soda solution or alkaline mineral water. The procedure should last no more than 10 minutes.

Folk remedies

Steam inhalation for coughPeople's remedies for a protracted cough may be inhalation with infusions and decoctions of medicinal plants. For this, in 2 liters of boiling water, sprinkle 2 tablespoons of dry grass (chamomile, eucalyptus leaves, fragrant violet, sage, and others) and cover with a lid. Wait for the solution to cool slightly, and then breathe for 5-10 minutes.

Folk remedies for coughing recommend breathing hot infusion of onion and garlic. Onions and garlic are peeled, cut and poured to ¼ of the volume in a ceramic kettle. Boiling water is poured into about a third of the tank. Inhale the vapors coming from the teapot spout.

Banks are another means for fighting cough. It is desirable to find special small jars with a rounded bottom. Note that the procedure requires an assistant.

Drink a decoction of linden flowers. Pour 3 tablespoons of dry inflorescences with a glass of boiling water and hold in a water bath for 15 minutes. Dumb a cooled infusion filter and drink warmly 3 times a day.

Infusion of thyme has expectorant properties. 2 tablespoons of herbs pour a glass of boiling water and heat on a water bath for 20 minutes. Strain and drink thrice a day three times a day.


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To soften the cough and excrete sputum, you can make a decoction of the grass of the violet tricolor. For this, a glass of boiling water is poured into one tablespoon of chopped herb. Keep in a water bath for half an hour, the solution is filtered and consumed half a cup 3 times a day.

In the treatment of acute and protracted cough, an infusion of flowers and leaves of mother-and-stepmother is prepared as an expectorant and an anti-inflammatory agent. Add one tablespoon of dry herbs to a glass of boiling water, insist for an hour. Take infusion of a quarter cup 4 times a day.

Along with this expectorant action is famous plantain, from which the infusion is prepared. A teaspoon of boiled water is 1 teaspoon of crushed leaves of plantain. After a lapse of 30 minutes, the solution should be filtered and drunk 1 tablespoon three times a day. To raise immunity and accelerate recovery, the doctor can recommend alcohol tincture of ginseng, echinacea, rhodiola pink or eleutherococcus.


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Treating a chronic cough with folk remedies is possible, but only as an addition to the medication prescribed by the doctor.

It is important not only to stop the cough, but also to destroy bacteria that multiply on the mucous membrane of the bronchi, withdraw all sputum and improve immunity.


Prolonged cough - effective ways to cure

Causes of protracted coughOften from different people you can hear complaints about a protracted, prolonged cough. He is able to deliver a lot of unpleasant moments to a person and significantly reduce the quality of life of both the sufferer himself and the people around him. Why does the incessant cough for a long time persecute some people? The reasons for this can be quite diverse.

Why does the cough last long?

It's no secret that reflex convulsive spasms are the companions of a large number of diseases. However, some patients manage to get rid of an unpleasant symptom in a few days, while others cough does not stop a whole month, and sometimes a year. Why does this happen?

There are several reasons for this. According to studies of pulmonologists, the phenomenon of protracted cough can be caused by the following factors:

  • Why a protracted cough does not last longAllergies (for this reason, dry cough can last for two months, half a year, depending on duration of action of the provocateur, at removal of which an unpleasant symptom passes, and at occurrence arises again).
  • Some infections that cause a prolonged manifestation of an unpleasant symptom.
  • Long stay in areas with polluted ecology.
  • Wrong treatment tactics, its premature termination.
  • Smoking (continued dry cough more than a year is very often the case for this reason).
  • Combination of viral infection and bacterial.
  • The transition of the acute stage of certain diseases into a chronic one.
  • Diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous system (treatment of prolonged cough in adults is often required for this reason).
  • Residual phenomena of pneumonia, bronchitis.
  • Uncontrolled use of pharmaceuticals.
  • Poisoning by vapors, chemicals.
  • Old age (treatment of a protracted cough caused for this reason does not bring a complete cure for an unpleasant phenomenon, but it can greatly alleviate the suffering of an elderly person).
  • Drinking alcohol for a long time.
  • Swelling of the throat.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Lungs' cancer.

How to cure a protracted cough: correct diagnosis is the first step to recovery

The main advice that doctors give to people confronted with long-lasting convulsive reflex exhalations, - do not engage in independent search for the cause that caused them, and do not use drugs that suppress spasms. For any of the diseases listed above, a protracted cough may occur, the treatment of which must be started only after a visit to the doctor. The specialist will prescribe all tests and identify the factor that provokes an unpleasant symptom.

The question of what to do if a cough does not go away for 2 weeks, a month or 2 years, it is necessary to ask the doctor, not the neighbor's grandmother or girlfriend.

Treatment of a protracted coughDo not hurt the parallel conduct of examinations at the pulmonologist, laura and allergist. Specialists will be able to approach the problem in various ways. Each of them will assign the necessary tests for prolonged coughing and procedures that help with the greatest accuracy to diagnose and clarify the situation, so treatment of the disease will be much more effective.

Only after the conclusions of all doctors, the exclusion of some reasons, the confirmation of others, is prescribed treatment, which the patient must strictly observe.

How to treat a protracted cough?

After the doctor has identified the cause and outlined methods to combat the ailment of the patient, it remains only to adhere to the prescribed treatment regimen. Most often for symptomatic treatment of an unpleasant phenomenon, methods such as:

  1. Medicated.
  2. Folk remedies.
  3. Warming.
  4. Inhalations.
  5. Compresses.
  6. Massage.

Medications for protracted cough

Medicines for coughIf it is advisable to use pharmaceutical preparations for fighting convulsive spasms of the respiratory tract, the doctor first of all considers the necessity of prescribing antibiotics. With their help, a long cough is treated, accompanied by abundant green sputum, sometimes with impurities of yellow color. Such secretions are evidence of various purulent inflammations occurring in the respiratory organs, and requiring the use of drugs that inhibit the pathological process.

Experts try not to use antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, because of the stability pathogenic microorganisms to such drugs, and designate a remedy that heals specifically from a specific disease. In this case, the doctor must know from the patient what medications he had been treating before that. Of great importance is the patient's region of residence, since in different localities the resistance to different agents in pathogenic organisms is not the same.

Often prescribed drugs for protracted cough, which contribute to liquefaction of sputum and acceleration of its excretion from the body. It:

  • ATSTS.
  • Fluidite.
  • Lazolvan.
  • Bromhexine.
  • Broncholitin.

Reception of the listed preparations having symptomatic influence, spend in a complex with the medicines directed on disposal (treatment) from the basic disease.

Treatment of protracted cough with folk remedies

When combating the disease, successful results are achieved through non-traditional methods of medicine. Doctors willingly appoint, and patients use folk remedies because of their simplicity, accessibility, cheapness. Very well proven:

  • Folk remedies for coughHoney.
  • Kalina.
  • Milk.
  • Bow.
  • Garlic.
  • Raspberries.
  • Herbal preparations.
  • Aloe.
  • Potatoes.
  • Eucalyptus.
  • Turnip.

All folk methods are appointed individually, depending on the disease causing the symptom.

How to treat a prolonged cough with the help of warming up?

A great effect in the fight against the disease is given by various thermal procedures. These include such funds, known since childhood, as:

  • Warming up with a coughMustards.
  • A grid of iodine on the chest, back.
  • Hot foot baths.
  • Banks.
  • Rubbing alcohol, animal fat.

These drugs are very effective in getting rid of a protracted cough caused by diseases of the respiratory tract, nasopharynx. Unfortunately, in a number of other cases, their effectiveness is debatable.

Than to treat a long (protracted) cough: inhalations and compresses - a great way to combat an unpleasant phenomenon

Effective methods to combat the disease are those that affect the throat and the airways of the patient directly. These are compresses and inhalations. Their advantages consist in cheapness and availability of application, as well as a small list of contraindications.

For compresses, the following components can be used:

  • Honey.
  • Aloe.
  • Inner fat of animals.
  • Cottage cheese.
  • Cabbage.
  • Vodka.
  • Vegetable oil.

Ingredients for inhalation solutions in the treatment of protracted coughing are also quite uncomplicated. It:

  • Medications (ambriene, lazolvan, fluimutsil, sinupret).
  • Propolis.
  • Eucalyptus.
  • Calendula.
  • Fizrashvor.
  • Soda.
  • Mineral water.

Do not forget that not always these methods are appropriate, and they can be prescribed only by a doctor.

How to treat a protracted cough with a massage?

There are various methods of manipulation, effective in the fight against protracted cough. Among them the most popular are:

  • Massage with coughDrainage procedures.
  • Massage with cans.
  • Pressing on certain points.
  • Segmental manipulation.
  • Vibration massage.

Best of all, if you perform the procedure will be a specialist. However, some native patients learn the techniques themselves and successfully help their loved ones.

What to do if a protracted cough does not stop after a clear adherence to all medical appointments?

Treatment of a protracted coughIt is very rare, but it happens that the patient carefully follows all the prescriptions of the doctor, and the ailment does not recede. In this case, one should not lose faith in recovery. It is necessary to go for a second consultation to a specialist, undergo additional examinations. Symptom can be caused in parallel by several reasons present in the body, or one disease was cured, and the second - sleeping for the time being, suddenly became more active.

Sometimes such things happen because of the doctor's incompetence. Therefore it is very important not to save on treatment, but to go to an appointment with an experienced specialist who has proven himself well.

Fortunately, the cases of unsuccessful treatment through the fault of doctors are more likely an exception than the rule. Therefore, if the patient will strictly follow all the instructions of a specialist, do it regularly and not throw the treatment halfway, then getting rid of a protracted cough and ailment causing it will not make you long to wait.


Prolonged (prolonged) cough in adults

Prolonged cough in adultsIn the formation of a protracted cough in adults in 80% of cases, an experienced physician can after the first examination determine the cause of the disease and prescribe adequate treatment. The basis for issuing a conclusion is a visual examination of an adult (throat, listening) and his story about the fact that it is he who feels when coughing, whether sputum is allocated or not, what color and consistency, etc., P.

Unfortunately, in most cases people do not take seriously the appearance of a reflex act, which, in turn, leads to the appearance of chronic diseases. In this case, coughing in adults acquires a completely different character. It becomes strong, deep and can last more than a month. There are other reasons why the protracted reflex act does not pass quickly. These include ailments that provoke the development of jerky reflex action of a chronic nature.

Prolonged cough in adults caused by allergies

Prolonged cough for allergiesThe cause of a constant and intrusive reflex act is the ingress of minute particles into the body, which cause a negative reaction. The most common allergens include the following substances: flour, animal hair, plant pollen, insect chitin, house dust, food. If such a protracted cough in adults is not treated, then it can last 5-6 months or more. In addition, the ailment can develop into a more severe form - asthma. In this case, the impenetrable reflex act has a paroxysmal character, often resulting in a sensation of suffocation.

Prolonged cough in adults caused by smoking

The cause of the occurrence of frequent involuntary action in adults is the rejection of a healthy lifestyle. Smoking cigarettes or hookah very negatively affects the work of the human respiratory system. Harmful substances and resins enter the lungs together with smoke. Their removal from the respiratory system is a rather lengthy process. A long protracted cough in the morning is the price smokers pay for their bad habit. In this case, the protracted reflex act lasts not 2-3 months, but the entire conscious life. Even if you refuse cigarettes, then involuntary action will stop no earlier than three weeks.

Prolonged cough in adults, caused by serious diseases

Prolonged coughIf the reflex act is prolonged and lasts 2-3 weeks, then it can be a serious violation of the cardiovascular system or the gastrointestinal tract. A characteristic sign of such ailments is the presence of a protracted cough in the morning or evening, after the human body has taken a horizontal position. When you cough, sputum is released, it is frothy.

People who have suffered pneumonia, note that a protracted cough after the end of medication is stored for 7 days. In some cases, a longer period of 4 weeks was recorded. This residual phenomenon lasts approximately 1-2 months. If it persists for a longer period of time, it is necessary to seek help from a doctor, as this may indicate the transition of the disease to a chronic stage.

In addition, the cause of prolonged coughing in adults can be cancer lesions of the larynx, trachea, bronchi or lungs, tuberculosis of the respiratory tract. To confirm such severe diagnoses, additional specific examinations are needed.


Cough without fever: causes and treatment of severe dry prolonged cough

There is an opinion that cough without fever is not a signal of serious pathologies. But, in reality, everything is not so.

The increased body temperature on the contrary shows that the body is struggling with the disease.

After all, when there is no high temperature, but there is a constant cough (wet or dry) - this indicates a reduced immunity.

A prolonged and dry cough without temperature can have another origin, which is associated with a lesion of the respiratory system and the presence of latent infectious processes.

To begin treatment, it is necessary to understand what causes cause a protracted cough, lasting for a week.


Coughing with an adult can indicate the presence of the following problems in the body:

  • An allergic reaction that occurs on such irritants as dust, plant pollen, pet hair. Deep cough occurs in the morning or at night, in addition to cough syndrome comes a runny nose, watery eyes, but there is no temperature. Over time, there is perspiration and sore throat, difficulty breathing.
  • Disease of the cardiovascular system - heart failure, myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease. All these pathologies can provoke a so-called cardiac cough, which occurs due to stagnation of blood in the lungs. In this situation, chest and long cough increases in lying position, it becomes difficult to breathe, and in the most severe stages, it can be wet with blood, but the temperature does not rise.
  • Venereal infections. Some sexually transmitted diseases are accompanied by a persistent and debilitating cough that can last for weeks, for all There is no temperature; papillomatosis of the larynx is a disease due to which in the larynx there are single or multiple papillomas. There is a dry cough without temperature, it seems that something has got stuck in the throat and there is hoarseness of the voice, from frequent attacks there is a pain in the throat.
  • Cough can act as a residual phenomenon, after a trachea or bronchitis, as well as other diseases that are associated with inflammatory processes in the respiratory system. All this happens because the mucosa needs time to recover from the illness - it's 1-2 weeks. Add symptoms such as headache, burning in the sternum.
  • A severe cough without fever can occur with false croup. In this situation, in the larynx region, viscous sputum forms, which blocks the lumen of the respiratory tract. Which in turn leads to painful and debilitating seizures that provoke pain in the sternum, shortness of breath and difficult sputum discharge.
  • Tuberculosis can develop for a long time, and except for prolonged coughs nothing will give itself away, there is no temperature and other symptoms. Over time, the cough changes into a heavier form, and sputum begins to drain from the blood.
Causes of CoughSometimes the causes of coughing lie not only in diseases, but also in the contamination of the environment. In a number of situations, a strong cough without fever may be present in people who work in a harmful production (chemical or metalworking enterprise), but do not use individual means protection.

Quite often cases when a chest cough appears in smokers with experience, accompanied by severe attacks, there is a pain in the sternum.

Prolonged chest cough (3-4 weeks) is observed in the chronic form of bronchitis, accompanied by abundant discharge of mucus, pain in the chest. If you do not start treatment, bronchitis can develop into chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.


To understand what treatment is necessary and how to get rid of such a painful symptom, you need to determine which cough - wet or dry, to find out the cause of its occurrence.

Therefore, treatment should begin with a visit to a doctor who not only establishes the correct reasons his appearance, but also diagnose, in accordance with which and will be prescribed medication therapy.

If an adult has a persistent and unproductive cough, antitussive drugs are prescribed. Treatment is prescribed by drugs:

  1. Reflector type. They are taken for colds. They affect the areas in the cerebral hemispheres that are responsible for the cough reflex (Codeine).
  2. Resorptive type. They have an effect due to which the sputum is diluted. By means of such means the bronchi are quickly cleared, a protracted cough passes.
  3. Proteolytic type promote rapid separation of sputum - gelomirtol.
  4. Mucoregulators, stimulate the production of bronchial secretions, are most often used to treat a cold - Bromhexine, Ambroxol.
Bronchial asthmaA prolonged wet cough that accompanies bronchial asthma can not be completely cured, but with the help of complex therapy, one can achieve that the disease has gone into a state of remission. All means are chosen exclusively by the doctor, relying on the individual features of the development of the disease and its form.

If the smoker has a prolonged chest cough, there is no way to get rid of it until the person quits smoking. Taking mucolytic drugs, only for a while will ease the condition, but not forever.

When a severe cough without fever and its causes - such diseases as pneumonia, pleurisy, tuberculosis, tracheitis and other diseases of an infectious origin, treatment is carried out with the help of antibiotics. Groups of antibiotics:

  • Aminopenicillins, by their action, destroy the walls of microorganisms and contribute to their death. As a rule, the most prescribed Amoxicillin.
  • Tetracyclines have the property of suppressing the synthesis of protein elements. Most often prescribed Doxycycline.
  • Macrolides - Azithromycin.
  • Fluoroquinols, affect the process of creating pathogens. The most commonly prescribed is lefofloxacin or moxifloxacin.

In any case, treat with antibiotics when other therapy does not help. The dosage of the drug, the course of its administration is chosen only by the doctor.


Tracheitis is a disease due to which the inflammatory processes affect the trachea. The development of the disease is a chronic and acute form. The main symptoms are:

  1. Dry cough and weakness.
  2. During a cough, there is a pain in the throat and chest.
  3. No temperature, but in some situations slightly increases.
  4. Noisy breathing, burning behind the sternum.
  5. Headache.
TracheitisTracheitis has two causes - infectious (viruses, bacteria, fungi) and non-infectious (inhalation of toxic substances, cold air).

Tracheitis should be treated immediately, as complications that are more dangerous than the disease itself can occur.

With severe intoxication, antibiotics are prescribed (if there is purulent sputum), expectorant drugs, they can include phytotherapy - althaea root, licorice, thermopsis and others plants.

Positive on the treatment process and affect the inhalation procedures with the collection of medicinal herbs or the addition of essential oils.

If the cough is deep and prolonged, the doctor may prescribe antitussive drugs.


Bronchitis is characterized by the formation of foci of inflammation in the mucous membrane of the lungs and bronchi. It is subdivided into a chronic and acute form.

The main symptom is a constant cough that persists over time, which in the course of time passes into the wet cough. The general symptoms include:

  • Increased fatigue, malaise.
  • Discomfort in the chest, pain in the abdomen (from muscle strain).
  • Harsh and heavy breathing, shortness of breath.
  • The temperature is not only elevated, but also normal.

Reasons for

BronchitisThere are many illnesses, but the most common are smoking, genetic predisposition and a polluted environment.

In chronic bronchitis, as cough is moist, you should not take drugs that suppress the cough reflex.

If the cough is difficult, treat them with expectorant drugs. In a number of situations, a bacterial infection joins the disease, then there is no way to do without antibiotics. In some situations, to reduce inflammation, steroids and oxygen therapy are prescribed.

If a cough lasts for a long time, which does not subside, but only intensifies, attacks occur more often and are more protracted, you should consult a doctor. As already mentioned, there are many reasons for this symptom, it will not be possible to independently understand and diagnose it.

Exclusively, the doctor, after conducting a medical examination, will be able to establish the causes of cough and its nature, will prescribe adequate medication that will cope not only with a cough, but also with the disease itself that caused him. About the cough is interesting in the video in this article will tell a specialist.


Dry cough in an adult

Dry cough in an adultCough is a muscle reflex shortening of the chest in response to a stimulus. During the cough, the mucous membranes of the respiratory organs are cleansed of microorganisms, dust and mucus. When a person for a long time excruciates a dry cough, it can become a symptom of a serious illness. Such a cough is called unproductive, i.e. when coughing, there is no separation of sputum.

Causes of dry cough in adults

The reasons for this condition can be:

  • inflammation in the bronchi and trachea;
  • pneumonia;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • inflammation of the larynx;
  • tumors of the respiratory system;
  • whooping cough;
  • pleurisy

Types of cough in adults

If you listen to a cough, you can hear its different shades and varieties. There are several types:

If he is not too intrusive, with short coughs, then he is called pharyngeal. At the same time, the pharyngeal mucosa dries up or the mucus accumulates at the entrance to the larynx.

In whooping cough are characterized by multiple coughing thrusts, which are accompanied by a deep breath with a whistling sound.

Barking cough appears with laryngitis and tracheitis. It occurs when the inflammatory process of the vocal cords. If barking breath is added to the barking dry cough, then this is a manifestation of croup.

When you hear low tones with a gradual increase, this may be a symptom of tuberculosis.

During the catarrhal disease, there may appear a pertussis cough of an obsessive nature.

Spastic cough speaks of bronchial asthma. It is unproductive and intrusive. He appears closer to the morning. Such a condition may indicate obstructive bronchitis, but without a series of seizures.

The metallic shade of a dry cough that appears during a conversation during a meal can talk about a mental disorder, but this is only diagnosed after a serious examination.

Strong cough in an adult (dry)

Provoke a strong dry cough in an adult can various factors. These include:

  • Smoking when tobacco tar irritates the bronchi.
  • Dust, which causes perspiration in the respiratory tract.
  • The foreign body when exposed to the mucosa has an irritating effect.
  • Stressful situations and emotional experiences.
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Adverse reaction to medications.
  • Oncological diseases.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Heart failure.
  • Problems in the stomach and intestines, when a fistula of the esophageal tracheal region is formed and reflex dry cough appears after eating.

Long dry cough in an adult

Often a dry cough occurs during a cold disease, if the weakened immunity does not cope with its protective functions, and the disease passes into the bronchi. As a result, acute bronchitis appears, which, in the absence of proper treatment, goes into a chronic stage. With prolonged coughing in an adult, deformation of the bronchial walls can occur, which leads to asthma, lung abscess and pneumonia.

A long, dry throat cough and severe swallowing in the pharynx are with chronic pharyngitis. This is a serious disease that needs to be treated in a hospital.

A very long spasmodic cough accompanied by pain in the side, shortness of breath and fever can be observed with pleurisy.

Paroxysmal cough in an adult

The spasmodic nature of cough often refers to the manifestation of bronchial asthma. Usually it appears in the night and evening and appears against the background of an allergen. An attack can cause suffocation, pain in the abdomen and chest. It can last about one hour.

Paroxysmal cough characterized by inflammatory processes of the pharynx, larynx and nasopharynx. If the time is not taken to eliminate them, the painful condition passes into bronchitis, pneumonia and tracheitis.

Dry barking cough in an adult

Dry barking cough in adults is characteristic of parainfluenza. This is an acute viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract. It is a symptom of the acute form of laryngitis and pharyngitis and manifests itself at night. In bronchial asthma, it is accompanied by attacks of suffocation. Lack of proper treatment can lead to death. When croupous pneumonia cough is accompanied by painful sensations in the chest. Pertussis in an adult is caused not only by a barking cough, but also by attacks of vomiting.

Treatment of dry cough in adults

Dry suffocating cough in an adult

The emergence of a suffocating cough can be caused by a variety of factors. Often this happens when a foreign body enters the respiratory tract, and the allergen irritates the mucous membrane. More often the symptom indicates a serious disease, which include:

  • bronchitis;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • tuberculosis;
  • whooping cough;
  • oncological diseases;
  • heart failure;
  • farengitotracheitis;
  • laryngitotracheitis

Such a cough is often observed in smokers with experience. The absence of treatment for chronic bronchitis can lead to secondary tuberculosis.

Dry cough in an adult at night

Coughing attacks at night often occur due to bronchial asthma. It is accompanied by wheezing, stiffness of the chest and difficulty breathing.

The cause may be heart failure, in which there is shortness of breath and heart rate increases.

Acid reflux irritates the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract with the contents of the esophagus and stomach, causing a night cough.

Treatment of dry cough in adults

A good alternative in the treatment of dry cough in adults are medicinal herbs and doses. In the pharmacy you can buy various nursing fees. Phyto tea also helps effectively in treatment. They are easy to use and pleasant to taste. The most effective herbs are: plantain, flax seeds, lime blossom, oregano and thyme. To relieve bronchial spasms, chamomile, valerian, and aura are soothing at night.

Good help and inhalation, which can be carried out at home. Sage, chamomile, thyme and mother-and-stepmother in equal parts, pour two liters of boiling water. Add a few drops of eucalyptus oil and soda. Cover yourself with a towel and breathe healing couples for ten minutes.

A tablespoon of viburnum should be cooked in half a liter of water. Then add honey and drink four times a day.

In a liter of milk, boil a finely chopped onion and three cloves of garlic. Then add the honey and drink every hour for half a glass until the dry cough disappears.

Pour a tablespoon of oat flakes with a lot of water and cook for thirty minutes. Drink honey four times a day.

In half a glass of lemon juice add two tablespoons of honey and one spoonful of glycerin. Take a teaspoon six times a day.

Spoon a tablespoon of sugar over the fire until it turns brown. Dissolve, and then drink a birch sap.

To get rid of cough, it is better to use several methods of treatment.

Dry cough in an adult medicine

For the treatment of dry cough used drugs of two types:

Means that suppress the patient's cough reflex. These include: codeine, oxeladin and ethylmorphine.

Medications that affect cough receptors. Effectively help: linkas, kodelak bronho and terpinkod.


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