Symptoms of pneumonia in adults without fever
Inflammation of the lungs or pneumonia is a very insidious disease. And it affects everyone: people aged, children, young guys and girls. This disease has an infectious nature (although it is not transmitted from person to person) and is accompanied by inflammation of the lung tissue.
Usually pneumonia occurs after hypothermia and is accompanied by a strong inflammatory process.
Everyone knows that the main symptoms of pneumonia are high fever (38-39 degrees), excessive sweating, coughing and shortness of breath, acute pain in the chest. However, in recent times, there is an increasing frequency without temperature or latent pneumonia. It is especially dangerous, since it is quite difficult even for an experienced doctor to diagnose this disease.
- Often, the sick do not even turn to the medical institution, writing off their poor state of health for an ordinary cold. At this time, the general condition of the patient is aggravated. If you do not take care of yourself in time, the ending of such a story can end sadly.
- In order that the irreparable does not happen, it is necessary to determine as soon as possible that the patient has pneumonia. Pneumonia without temperature can be caused by several factors. In most cases, the disease proceeds in this way in people with weakened immunity. Therefore, adults need to keep a close eye on the diet and include in it vitamin-rich fruit, more out in the fresh air and tempered.
Monitor your health - inflammation of the lungs, not complicated by temperature, can lead to foci of infection: sick tonsils, teeth or lymph nodes. Also often this diagnosis is put to people who are fond of uncontrolled intake of antibiotics not prescribed by a doctor.
Most often without a temperature inflammation of the lungs occurs if a person tries to heal a cold or carries it "on his feet."The constant intake of antibiotics no longer has any effect on the virus, but the tablets knock down the temperature, and it becomes more difficult to diagnose.
Inflammation of the lungs in this case can be diagnosed by a patient's prolonged cough. However, there are clinical cases when he is absent (or "drowned out" by means of cough - tablets, medicines). If you are faced with this particular patient, pay close attention to the appearance of a person. Symptoms of pneumonia in an adult without a temperature are also reflected in appearance, that is, pneumonia is accompanied by a pallor of the face and a painful blush on the cheeks.
Changing and breathing - it becomes jerky, accompanied by a small whistle. A man loses his appetite and refuses his favorite dishes. Even a slight physical load is not tolerated well: dyspnea appears, pulse and heart rate increase. In especially difficult cases, there is a tachycardia.
It can happen that an adult has a slight temperature for a long time - 37 degrees.This indicates an inflammatory process in the body, so you should immediately show yourself to the doctor.
It is almost impossible to diagnose pneumonia without the help of the patient himself. The signs of pneumonia in an adult without a temperature directly depend on the general condition of the patient.
An adult feels in his condition that something is wrong with him, and he must tell the doctor about it. It should be more responsive to their health, and then the disease will not go into a chronic form.
Native patients should alert the following symptoms, which also indicate pneumonia - excessive weakness, heavy breathing (possibly hampered by inhalation or exhalation), excessive sweating, unreasonable and constant thirst, pain and aches throughout the body. By the way,the latent inflammation of the lungs is also characterized by the absence of movement of one side of the chest during inspiration or exhalation.
If you have found several of these symptoms, you should immediately call a doctor who will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe a treatment that is adequate to the condition of a person.
It is very important in time to identify pneumonia in the patient. Otherwise, sclerotized areas are formed on the lung tissue. They are not able to participate in gas exchange, so the working part of the lungs is reduced, and this does not have the best effect on the quality of a person's later life. Other complications of the course of the disease are possible, some of which can lead to death.
Therefore, as soon as you have a suspicion of pneumonia, call an ambulance or a doctor at home. Drink more and do not take any medicine, so that the doctor had a complete picture of the disease.The doctor must necessarily listen to the patient and assign him medical research. X-rays can help determine if the patient has pneumonia, and show complications from the disease.Only after this can be diagnosed - pneumonia.
If pneumonia was diagnosed on time, complications do not occur, and doctors make favorable predictions. Usually after three to four weeks of effective treatment a person completely recovers. Pneumonia without temperature is a very unpredictable process, so you should take care of your health and take care of every ailment.
Pneumonia without temperature: symptoms and treatment
Pneumonia is a lung infection caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Inflammation of the lungs to this day is a very serious and dangerous disease, and also stands at the sixth place among the causes of death.
Symptoms of pneumonia are quite diverse. The main symptoms of pneumonia are high body temperature up to 40oC, dyspnea, separation of viscous sputum, constant chills, a strong cough, pain in the chest when trying to take a deep breath, sometimes marked skin color with the development of cyanosis. But in recent years, an asymptomatic current is increasingly encountered, during the illness the patient does not have a fever and may not have a cough. Pneumonia without temperature is typical, as a rule, for people with a weakened immune system and those who have taken various antibiotics continuously and uncontrolled. Symptoms of inflammation are so weak that it is possible to diagnose correctly only after a series of examinations.
It is possible to suspect this disease if a morbid, unhealthy blush is observed in the cheeks, intermittent breathing with whistling, shortness of breath and a frequent pulse, weakness and malaise, sternal sinking during breathing. It is also possible dull pain in the lungs with torso turns. During pneumonia, children develop unusually high drowsiness, decreased appetite, severe sweating, cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle, and refusal of their favorite activities.
For the treatment of pneumonia, second and third generation antibiotics are used, for example, "Sulfamethoxazole", "Cephalosporin", "Amoxiclav", "Clavulanate". In pneumonia, which is caused by adenoviruses, rhinoviruses or influenza and parainfluenza viruses, antibiotics do not bring the desired therapeutic effect, so antiviral drugs are necessarily added to them. And with fungal forms of pneumonia, it is necessary to use drugs acting locally for each species of fungus.
In addition to drug treatment is recommended to include and folk remedies. For example, garlic with pneumonia fights very well. In the period of illness you need to eat one tooth after eating. An effective remedy for pneumonia is a garlic inhaler. Make a few holes at the bottom in a normal plastic cup. Finely chop the garlic and put it on the bottom of the glass. Inhale the air from the glass, soaked in garlic, and exhale - nose. This procedure is recommended to be done every hour for 10-15 minutes.
For the treatment of pneumonia, use a honey pack. Apply honey to the skin on the lung area, from above place a piece of natural tissue, moistened with vodka, and wrap the bandage with polyethylene. Apply the compress twice a day: morning and evening before bedtime.
Pneumonia without feverPneumonia is an acute infectious disease that proceeds with focal inflammation of the respiratory tissue of the lung and sweats the inflammatory fluid into the pulmonary vesicles. Different types of pneumonia may differ somewhat in the types of pathogens, mechanisms of development and external manifestations.
Pneumonia has known classic symptoms:
- Fever - increase in body temperature> + 38 ° C.
- Pain in the chest from the side of the inflammation, intensifying with a deep inspiration, movement, coughing attacks.
- Acceleration of dyspnea, uncharacteristic for the patient.
- The appearance of a cough, sometimes with phlegm or rusty phlegm.
These symptoms when they appear in the complex should cause suspicion of inflammation of the lungs in both adults and children. Patients with pneumonia may be disturbed by general weakness, fatigue, sweating at night.
Is the course of pneumonia possible without fever?
Suddenness of onset of the disease, fever and chest pain may sometimes not occur, for example, in elderly and weakened patients with immunodeficiency.
In elderly people who have severe chronic diseases or a decrease in body defenses, there can be pneumonia without temperature. In 25% of patients with pneumonia at the age of> 65 years, fever is often absent, and extrapulmonary symptoms prevail in the clinic of the disease. External clinical signs are erased and expressed as weakness, fatigue, nausea, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, confusion of consciousness.
With such a hidden course of the disease, little or no external signs of pulmonary inflammation, usually detected by the doctor during examination, are absent.
The idea that there is pneumonia without a temperature should arise if, for obvious reasons, the elderly, children and weakened people significantly reduced physical activity. At patients the general expressed weakness grows, the person ceases to move, all time lays, becomes indifferent, quite often drowsy, refuses reception of food.
How to suspect lung inflammation without fever?
A careful examination of a sick person sometimes reveals a one-sided cheeks blush on the side of the inflammation and dryness of the tongue, coated with a white coating. Pneumonia without temperature is always manifested by a significant increase in dyspnoea and rapid heart rate - tachycardia. Listening to the lungs usually helps to detect a place of accumulation of wet wheezing above the lesion site.
There are classic signs of inflammation of the lungs, detected when the patient examines the doctor. These symptoms will help diagnose "pneumonia" without temperature in weakened patients.
- Stupidity of the percussion sound over the inflamed part of the lung during percussion.
- Limited focus of hard breathing over the lungs when listening.
- Limited congestion of sonorous small bubbly wet wheezes.
- Limited loss of breath over the pulmonary field.
What is the danger of belated diagnostics of inflammation of the lungs?
Late diagnosis and delayed antimicrobial treatment in patients with pneumonia for more than 4 hours, worsen the survival prognosis.
Pneumonia is dangerous by the development of complications:
- Pulmonary - exudate pleurisy, suppuration of the lung, empyema of the pleura, edema of the lungs.
- Extrapulmonary - infectious-toxic shock, psychosis, pericarditis (inflammation of the cardiac sac), myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), sepsis (blood infection).
Will X-rays help clarify the diagnosis of pneumonia without temperature?An X-ray study of patients with a presumed diagnosis of pneumonia will help clarify the signs of lung inflammation and its complications.
To confirm the diagnosis of "pneumonia", the patient is given a chest x-ray in two projections. The main x-ray sign of pneumonia is a limited darkening of the lung tissue against the background of external signs of inflammation of the respiratory tract. In the absence of darkening of the lung tissue on the X-ray, the conclusion about the presence of pneumonia is not justified.
Treatment of pneumonia - basic rules
Diagnostic studies should not delay the antimicrobial treatment of pneumonia due to a worsening of the prognosis when it is delayed.
Antibacterial treatment for the destruction of pathogens of pneumonia is selected on the basis of the natural activity of the drug. In each case, the possible resistance of microbes to the drug is taken into account. Treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics lasts an average of 7-10 days. In the presence of a cough with thick sticky sputum, treatment can be supplemented by expectorants and medications that dilute sputum.
An X-ray study is performed at the onset of the disease and again 10 days after the onset of antimicrobial treatment. X-ray images can be performed at an earlier time if there is a threat of complications or a significant deterioration in the patient's condition.
Inflammation of the lungs: symptoms (without temperature). What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Unfortunately, pneumonia occurs quite often. Respiratory organs are very sensitive to all kinds of infections, bacteria and fungi. Many people often ask the question: "What are the symptoms of pneumonia?" Is it necessary to have a high temperature? Many diseases are latent in nature. Often in a latent form and inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms without temperature significantly complicate the diagnosis.
Pneumonia is a serious disease of the respiratory system, which affects the lung tissue. This condition can provoke streptococci, staphylococci, other bacteria, chlamydia, legionella, some fungi (eg, candida), influenza viruses, herpes. Infection "settles" is not in the nasopharynx, but falls below, causing inflammation in the lungs. The products of the vital activity of pathogens, which are inherently toxins, poison the body. Special harm is done to the central nervous system, the heart and blood flow organs. Pathogens penetrate the body by airborne droplets. Often, the disease can cause bacteria that inhabit the upper respiratory tract.
In general, pneumonia develops on the background of a weakening of immunity and respiratory diseases. With significant supercooling, the defenses of the body weaken, and harmful microbes penetrate into the lung tissue without much difficulty. In addition, overwork, poor nutrition, lack of essential vitamins and minerals, stress and strong emotional outbursts also contribute to the development of a disease such as pneumonia. Symptoms (without fever or with a significant increase in it), cough should alert the patient. The danger of a latent course of the disease lies in the fact that there is a high risk of all possible complications (damage to the central nervous system and the cerebral cortex, decrease in the level of red blood cells in the blood) and so on. The mildly flowing disease is not paid special attention, it is not difficult to confuse it with other similar ailments.
Types of pneumonia
Pneumonia can develop as an independent disease (primary), and as a complication after the transferred infectious diseases (secondary). Depending on which area of the lung is affected, the following types are distinguished: focal, segmental, lobar, draining, total pneumonia. In the first type, a small area of the lung tissue becomes inflamed. Segmental affects several segments, and the share can spread even to the whole organ. With drain inflammation, small areas merge into one large one. Total pneumonia affects all of the lungs. If the inflammation is present in one lobe, then they say one-sided pneumonia. But if the disease touched both, then bilateral inflammation of the lungs is diagnosed. Symptoms (without temperature and cough, including) can be used to judge the development of SARS. By type of pathogen, the following types can be distinguished: bacterial, parasitic, viral, fungal inflammation of the lungs.
Classic Symptoms of Pneumonia
The most common is pneumonia as a complication in acute respiratory infections. As an independent disease in infections, it is not so widespread. What are the first symptoms of pneumonia? Cough, which has a permanent character, and over time it becomes stiff, with phlegm. The body temperature is significantly increased, the person is shivering. Paracetamol often does not have any effect. It becomes hard to breathe, an attempt to take a deep breath provokes a fit of coughing. It is worth paying attention to the bluish shade of the skin around the mouth and wings of the nose. If the catarrhal disease does not pass in a week, or the symptoms worsen, the doctor may also suspect pneumonia. Knowing which symptoms of pneumonia most often occur will help in time to consult a doctor. After all, this disease is extremely dangerous, especially in young children.
Pneumonia. Symptoms without fever
Unfortunately, it is widely believed that pneumonia is a disease in which a high fever is required. Her absence misleads people, they do not even suspect that a disease such as pneumonia is already developing. Symptoms without temperature characterize atypical pneumonia. General lethargy, fatigue, headache, nausea - all these signs a person often closes his eyes. In addition, it is possible to suspect pneumonia if breathing becomes severe, there is pain in the chest, dyspnea appears. A cough that does not go away for a long time should be alerted. All this is the main feature. Inflammation of the lungs (the symptoms are often contradictory) requires a complete examination to confirm diagnosis, including X-ray and blood tests to determine the level of leukocytes.
Pneumonia in children
And how does pneumonia develop in children? The disease has its own characteristics. Inflammation of the lungs in infants has the following symptoms: lethargy, anxiety, poor sleep and appetite. Atypical pneumonia is characterized by the fact that the child constantly wants to sleep, he literally falls asleep on the go. He will not perform the usual actions for him, he does not want to play if the inflammation of the lungs develops. Symptoms (without temperature) also include increased sweating, pain in different parts of the body. Children become more capricious during the period of the disease. If there is a suspicion of the usual inflammation of the lungs, Komarovsky's symptoms are as follows: a prolonged cough, high body temperature does not go away after 3-4 days. You can conduct a small test. If more muscle participates in breathing, it is given as it were with difficulty, then the development of pneumonia is possible. To make a diagnosis, you should consult a pediatrician. Obligatory is a blood test, which will determine the level of leukocytes.
If an appropriate diagnosis is made, therapy should be started immediately. Atypical pneumonia is well treated with antibiotics, which are selected depending on the type of pathogen. On average, the duration of treatment is approximately 10 days. In addition, the doctor prescribes special cough preparations. They contribute to the dilution of phlegm. Incorrectly selected medications (if the patient decided to prescribe themselves) will only intensify the coughing attacks and make it tough. If there is a high fever, then you can take antipyretic medications alone. Over the course of the illness, a generous warm drink is recommended. If the patient's age is less than 60 years, and there are no accompanying diseases, then therapy can be carried out at home. Indications for hospitalization are the risk of complications, severe form of the disease, age over 60 years. In addition to antibiotic therapy, a specialist can prescribe respiratory gymnastics, vitamin preparations, massage and exercise therapy.
Actions that can not be performed with pneumonia
If all signs are found (inflammation of the lungs symptoms are sufficiently characteristic) of this disease, then it is important to remember and what to do absolutely not. First of all, you should not take antibiotics yourself. Only in the case of a complete clinical picture with an established type of pathogen the specialist prescribes the necessary preparations. You can not warm up your chest. A sauna, a sauna and hot tubs are strictly forbidden. Cough medicine is also prescribed only by a doctor. If the body temperature does not exceed 37.5 ° C, then do not take antipyretics. It is necessary to give the body the opportunity to fight pneumonia on its own. Large physical exertion, lack of bed rest will only exacerbate the course of the disease. Even if hospitalization is not needed, it is not worth bearing the disease on your feet.
Inflammation of the lungs in animals
Pneumonia often occurs in animals. It is very important to know that such a condition is a direct threat to the life of the pet. Inflammation of the lungs in cats has symptoms similar to those seen in humans. First of all, a cough develops. In addition, the animal loses its activity, refuses to eat. What symptoms of pneumonia can be observed yet? One of them is high temperature. To confirm the diagnosis, an X-ray examination is performed. Inflammation of the lungs in dogs has the same symptoms. However, often four-legged friends retain their usual activity and lead a seemingly ordinary way of life. When the condition is stable, when the animal is active and has a normal appetite, the therapy is carried out at home. If the cat or dog is passive, badly eats, then before the normalization of the state of treatment occurs in the hospital. Everything, as at people. Sometimes our friends have smaller and critical condition, which requires ventilation. As in the case of humans, treatment of cats and dogs can not do without the use of antibacterial drugs. Additionally, physiotherapy, which helps to separate sputum, is also shown. If the therapy is carried out at home, it is worth paying attention to weather conditions. Unusual walks in wet, rainy weather. It is important to complete the course of taking antibiotics according to the recommendations of the veterinarian.