- Why does the intestine need to be restored?
- Methods used
- Related videos
Antibiotics are a group of drugs that cope well with many infectious diseases. Thus such means have a wide list of contraindications and side effects. Antibiotic drugs negatively affect not only the pathogenic microflora, but also beneficial bacteria.
After the antibiotics the whole body suffers, but, first of all, the negative effect of such treatment affects the intestines. From pathogens, it is the mucous membrane of the intestines that suffers most, since this surface tissue provides the absorption of nutrients necessary for the body.
Disturbance of microflora caused by antibacterial therapy, entails a loss of natural protection, as well as a violation of metabolic and digestive processes. On the other hand, you do not need to panic fear antibiotics and categorically reject them. With some diseases without antibiotic therapy can not do, for them, for example, purulent angina, pneumonia, sepsis.
Proper use of these drugs can eliminate the risk of unwanted complications. As you know, every bacterium has its own antibiotic. Therefore, before the appointment of the drug, the doctor prescribes bacteriological analysis to identify the pathogen and determine its sensitivity to medicinal products.
Along with antibiotics, it is necessary to use agents that promote the normalization of microflora. This will avoid the development of dysbiosis. In addition, in no case can not self-interrupt the treatment course with improving well-being, this is fraught with the development of resistance, that is, the addiction of microorganisms to the action of the antibiotic.
Low quality antibiotic tablets can provoke disruptions in the intestine, unreasonable intake of medicines without agreement with the doctor, use in viral diseases. To cause a dysbacteriosis any antibiotic is capable, but more often the tetracyclines, aminoglycosides, aminopenicillins, fungicides become a violation of the microflora composition.
If after treatment the patient has diarrhea, pain, rumbling in the abdomen, discomfort, this most likely indicates a violation of the qualitative and quantitative composition of the intestinal microflora. As a result, dysbacteriosis can lead to a weakening of the immune system, hypovitaminosis, frequent allergic reactions, as well as disruption of digestion. In this article we will talk in detail about how to restore the intestines after antibiotics, but first we will find out why it is worth doing.
After taking antibiotics, dysbiosis
may develop. Why does the intestine need to be restored?
In some cases, an intestinal disorder goes away by itself and does not require special treatment. But unfortunately, this does not always happen. This development may occur in people with strong immunity, but in young children and the elderly, the resistance of the body does not stand such an attack of pathogens.
Depending on the severity of contamination and the aggressiveness of the pathogen, antibiotics are divided into two groups:
- associated with diarrhea, that is, causing diarrhea;
- associated with colitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the large intestine.
Dysbiosis manifests itself in the form of repeated disorders with digestion. A person develops chronic diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, bloating. There is a violation of concentration, there is anxiety. Against the background of a deterioration in appetite, weight loss occurs.
Separately it is worth noting colitis, as a complication of antibiotic therapy. The disease is accompanied by the appearance of such unpleasant symptoms as feces with impurities of blood and mucus, fever, spasms and abdominal pain, dehydration, palpitations, arterial hypotension. The disease develops rapidly. It can lead to perforation of the intestinal wall and death.
Specialists distinguish four main degrees of intestinal lesions:
- At this stage, enzymatic activity is retained, but the number of beneficial bacteria decreases. In patients, the appetite worsens, diarrhea, flatulence, and other dyspeptic disorders appear.
- The percentage of opportunistic microorganisms is significantly increased. There are pains in the abdomen, diarrhea alternates with constipation, there is constant nausea, bloating. A person becomes emotionally unstable, his work capacity and stress resistance decrease. At this stage, hypovitaminosis is formed and anemia can develop. There is an allergic skin rash.
- There is a sharp decline in healthy microflora, along with this there are atypical representatives of microbiocenosis.
- A healthy microflora is completely replaced by pathogenic microorganisms. The condition is accompanied by symptoms of severe intoxication and dehydration of the body.
The intestine needs rehabilitation after antibiotic therapy, because these drugs negatively affect both harmful and useful bacteria.
Restoration of the intestine after antibiotics includes a whole complex of measures that involve correction of nutrition and lifestyle. The gastroenterologist will help to select an individual rehabilitation program. Such bad habits, like smoking and alcohol abuse, negatively affect the state of the intestines.
Treatment begins with a diagnostic examination. After determining the root cause of treatment begins with the improvement of intestinal motility. As a supplement, a specialist can prescribe antispasmodics, choleretic, and also enzymatic agents. Further details about each of the methods by which we restore the intestine.
After the antibacterial course, it is necessary to ensure the entry into the body of beneficial microorganisms that improve the state of the intestines. For this purpose, probiotics are prescribed. This group of drugs restores the destroyed microflora, normalizes the work of the intestine, and also improves the ability to absorb useful substances.
Probiotics are of different generations:
- Famous representatives of this group are Bifidumbacterin and Lactobacterin. If there is a slight violation of the microbiocenosis, such means will be enough.
- Applied for more serious lesions. Included in the bacterium contribute to the suppression of pathogenic microflora.
- Drugs of this generation relieve from undesirable manifestations of dysbiosis. They include a whole strain of useful microorganisms.
- Intended for the treatment of severe dysbiosis. Preparations of this generation are enriched with sorbing substances that help the body get rid of the products of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
To cope with the undesirable effects of antibiotics, probiotics
will help. Other drugs will help with dysbacteriosis:
- digestive enzymes;
- prebiotics, eubiotics;
- intestinal antiseptics.
More details discuss popular probiotics, which are used to treat dysbiosis after antibiotics. Linex. This is a combined preparation, which consists of three types of beneficial bacteria. The microorganisms present are part of the normal intestinal microflora.
Active components of Linex are lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and Enterococcus fecium. After entering the body, they colonize the intestine and create an acidic environment in which pathogenic microorganisms can not normally exist. Thanks to Linex it is possible to get rid of such unpleasant symptoms of dysbiosis, as:
- nausea, vomiting;
- severity after eating;
- rumbling in the abdomen;
- abdominal pain;
- diarrhea or constipation;
- regurgitation in toddlers.
Lactic acid bacteria, which are part of Linex, are involved in the synthesis of enzymes, vitamins, and also produce substances with antiseptic action. The drug is characterized by high levels of safety. It is even allowed for use by children up to a year, as well as during pregnancy and lactation.
The exception is people with lactose intolerance. The drug is well tolerated, but in some cases, after the start of treatment, hives may appear. Linex is taken after a meal, washed down with a sufficient amount of water.
Lineks helps treat dysbacteriosis and restore the work of the digestive tract
Acipol. This drug from the group of probiotics normalizes the intestinal microflora, and also eliminates manifestations of dysbiosis and digestive disorders. Acipol is also prescribed in the therapy of acute and chronic intestinal infections, as well as food allergies. The drug is available in capsules. Such a dosage form protects microorganisms from the corrosive effects of gastric juice. The capsule dissolves in the intestine - exactly where it is needed.
Active components of Acipole are dried lactobacilli and polysaccharides of kefir fungus. It is worth noting that lactobacilli remain alive, it is simple with the help of lyophilization that they pass into an inactive state. As for polysaccharides, these substances quickly and well multiply, colonize the intestine and do not allow further development of dysbacteriosis.
Acipol negatively affects pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms. The active ingredients produce lactic acid, and also create ideal conditions for the active propagation of beneficial bacteria. Active components are also involved in the synthesis of B vitamins. Acipol strengthens the body's overall resistance to attack of various kinds of diseases.
Now let's talk about prebiotics. These drugs help increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. Hilak Forte. Unlike probiotics, the composition of these agents does not include bacteria. Active components are the products of vital activity of microorganisms that pass through the digestive tract without changes. The mechanism of action of prebiotics is based on stimulation of reproduction of useful strains and suppression of harmful microorganisms.
Hilak Forte accelerates the disappearance of signs of body intoxication. There is a normalization of the stool and the disappearance of dyspeptic disorders. According to the research, the use of the drug helps to reduce the inflammatory reaction, as well as to restore the mucosa and increase its thickness. Hilak Forte can not be used in the presence of individual intolerance, as well as during the period of bearing of the child.
Lactofiltrum. It is a combination of two active components - a prebiotic and a sorbent. This means that the drug simultaneously normalizes microbiocenosis and cleanses the body of the products of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms. Lactofiltrum, among other things, has antidiarrheal and antioxidant effects.
The powerful intestinal sorbent, which is a part of the preparation, is able to bind such substances:
- salts of heavy metals.
Lactofiltrum first removes toxic substances, and then prevents their negative effects on the body. In rare cases, the drug may cause undesirable side effects: flatulence, diarrhea, allergies.
Non-traditional recipes allow you to quickly get rid of unwanted manifestations of dysbacteriosis. The composition of individual medicinal plants makes it possible to stimulate the production of nutrients. Restore the microflora of the intestines will help decoctions of herbs that have an antimicrobial effect: chamomile, eucalyptus, St. John's wort, sage. Morse from strawberries and raspberries will also help in the fight against dysbiosis.
Before using folk advice, be sure to consult with your doctor
Mint tea will also help to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. Three tablespoons of dry plants pour a glass of boiling water. If disruption of the bowel is accompanied by a delay in the stool, take senna and aloe, as they increase peristalsis. In this case, it is worth remembering that senna can cause pain in the abdomen.
If the disturbance in the intestines causes diarrhea, use the oak bark, as well as a decoction of pomegranate seeds and blood-grouses. It should be extremely cautious, since excess dosage can cause severe constipation. An excellent antimicrobial effect is bee honey. The product contributes to the destruction of pathogenic microflora, and also enhances the intestinal peristalsis.
In all cases of taking antibiotics, the populists advise swallowing whole cloves of garlic once a day. To enhance the recovery effect, it is recommended to drink it with some sour-milk product. Droplet water is another effective remedy for restoring the intestines. A hundred gram of boiling water is a teaspoon of dill seeds. The filtered solution should be taken three times a day in a teaspoonful. Dill water helps fight against flatulence.
Solving the problem of dysbiosis will help daily enrichment of the diet with this product. Antimicrobial action is possessed by such plants: anis, leaves of mother-and-stepmother, root of aira. Remove the inflammation will help St. John's wort, yarrow, calendula. The enveloping properties are the seeds of flax, elecampane, angelica, marshmallow. Stimulate intestinal peristalsis with the help of the root of buckthorn, aloe and senna.
Nutrition plays a key role in the process of bowel rehabilitation after antibiotic therapy. It is recommended to eat healthy food that will not create an aggressive environment in the intestine.
Specialists recommend to enrich their diet with such products:
- berries and greens;
- fresh vegetables and fruits;
- lean meat and fish;
- juices and fruit drinks;
- dried fruits;
- sour-milk products.
Sauerkraut helps restore bowel function
If bowel dysfunction is to be avoided, fruits and berries with a high content of ascorbic acid should be excluded. With constipation, the diet should be enriched with products that have a laxative effect: beets, prunes, fruits, oatmeal. Fruits and fruits rich in fiber play a special role in disorders of the bowels:
- apples, plums, peaches, apricots, bananas;
- carrots, pumpkin, beets, celery, eggplant, cabbage.
In the menu it is useful to include products that are natural prebiotics: beans, artichoke, cereals, chicory. It is recommended to drink natural water on an empty stomach. Such a useful habit helps increase the amount of probiotics in the intestine. I'll have to give up fried, smoked, pickled food. Dishes with spicy sauces and condiments irritate the intestines, so they are also prohibited.
Refuse to have and other products:
- onion and garlic;
- oily seafood;
- semi-finished products;
- of flour products.
So, the intestine needs to be restored after a course of antibiotic therapy. Antibacterial drugs are effective in combating many infectious pathologies, and they have a negative impact on beneficial bacteria. Proper use of antibiotics according to the prescription of a doctor can reduce the likelihood of dysbiosis.
You can restore the intestines with drugs. For this purpose, probiotics and prebiotics are prescribed. As a supportive help simple recipes of traditional medicine. Proper nutrition is another important element in the rehabilitation process after the antibacterial course.