What to do and how to help the child Clean the nose Increase the air humidity Treat the runny nose With adenoids and chronic tonsillitis False groats: first aid and doctor call Related videos Runny nose in childrenearly childhood How to cure a runny nose in a child About treatment of a cold will tell Dr. Komarovsky
When a stuffy nose is laid
A kid can not suck his chest, can not sleep, becomes irritable and whiny. The nasal passages in the child are narrow, and a slight edema of the mucosa and a buildup of mucus or crusts is enough to disturb breathing through the nose. A small person does not know how to blow his nose and breathe with his mouth, so he suffers and suffers, and feeding turns into torture for him and a hassle for the mother.
First of all, it is necessary to find out the cause of obstructed nasal breathing. Maybe you have not cleaned a little nose for a long time? Or during regurgitation, the milk got into the nose and withered, turning into crusts?
In this case, simple hygiene procedures will bring relief and return the baby health.
What to do, how to help the child Clean the nose
To clean the spout, take the cotton wicks moistened with vegetable oil and screwing in each wick into each nasal passage to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, clean the nasal cavity from the crusts. Nasal breathing will immediately improve and snuffing will stop.
Clean the spout daily during the morning wash, and if necessary - more often, for example after regurgitation. Do not use cotton swabs or cotton-wool matches for this purpose, so as not to injure the mucous spout.
Increase air humidity
If the air in the room is dry ( and in our apartments during the heating season the air is dry), moisten it, as the dryness of the air leads to difficulty in nasal breathing. Cure a runny nose
If the cause of nasal breathing is the
runny nose, then the child should be examined by a doctor to prevent the spread of the infection to the eyes, ears, or throat. In the first hours of the disease, dip into the nasal interferon 2 drops every 2 hours.
So that the spout is actively released from the mucus, drink the baby more often, since swallowing movements help to cleanse the nasopharynx.
To dilute and easier to remove mucus helps instill in the nose of a 2% solution of baking soda( 1 teaspoon per cup of boiled water).After that, use a rubber pear or a special aspirator to remove mucus from the nasal cavity( in the people this device is called a "suction device").In pharmacies are widely represented solutions for washing children's spouts: saline( 0.9% solution of table salt), Aqua Maris, Marimer, Aqualor, Salin, etc. This procedure should be done carefully, avoiding large volumes and high blood pressuredid not fall into the auditory tube and into the colonic sinus.
Before feeding and before bedtime, use nose drops recommended by your local physician. When the breathing is adjusted through the nose, the child will eat well and sleep peacefully.
Keep in mind that an overdose can lead to drug poisoning. A detailed story about this will be yet to come. When using vasoconstrictive drops, strictly observe the dosage and multiplicity of the procedure.
In adenoids and chronic tonsillitis
The proliferation of lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx ( adenoids, chronic tonsillitis) leads to the sagging of her and the soft palate into the lumen of the pharynx and the appearance of obstruction( from the Latin obstructio - "obstruction", "hindrance") of the airways. Such a child snores in a dream, and several times a night snoring stops and silence comes.
But this silence is ominous, as it indicates a stoppage of breathing, called
( ASAS) sleep obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in medicine.
The anatomical features of the facial skeleton contribute to the appearance of the obstruction of the pharynx. For example, with insufficient development of the lower jaw( micrognathia) in the dream, the tongue of the tongue in the pharynx is occluded and the breathing is disturbed with the development of obstructive apnea.
False groats: first aid and call of a doctor
The swelling of the mucous membrane of the larynx under the vocal cords sharply disrupts the patency of the upper respiratory tract and is familiar to many parents by their experience under the name of "false groats".With the false sprout developed in the middle of the night, any mother can diagnose the diagnosis according to the following signs: a rough "barking cough", shortness of breath, voice hoarseness - immediately call an ambulance, and before her arrival, perform alkaline inhalation, give the child a warm alkaline drink(milk, Borjomi), after which help him clear his throat, pressing on the root of the tongue with a finger or a handle of a spoon. This technique called "cough stimulation" helps to remove phlegm from the larynx, after which the breathing improves.
Foreign bodies of the respiratory tract, obstructive syndrome on the background of ARVI and allergies, bronchial asthma also lead to their obstruction and respiratory failure.
Next, we will talk about these pathological conditions and the measures for first aid to children with respiratory failure in more detail and specifically.
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How to cure a runny nose in a child
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Doctor of Komarovsky
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