- When do I need qualified help?
- Drugs for the restoration of the biocenosis
- Diet therapy for intestinal dysbiosis
- Traditional medicine tips
- Related videos
There are about 500 species of bacteria( about 2-3 kg) in the adult large intestine that are important for digestion. Normal microflora provides the body with food, supplies ATP, promotes peristalsis, maintains ion balance, participates in biochemical processes, is important in maintaining local immunity, synthesizes certain vitamins and acids.
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine is a violation of the composition of microflora, in which the number of beneficial bacteria is reduced, and the number of pathogenic microorganisms, on the contrary, increases. When the microflora changes, the functioning of the intestine is impaired. Dysbacteriosis therapy includes several stages: finding out and eliminating the cause of pathology, purifying the body of toxins, colonization of the intestine with useful bifido- and lactobacilli.
When do I need qualified help?
To understand how to cure dysbacteriosis of the intestine at home, you need to know what caused the violation of eubiosis. Only eliminating the provoking factor can restore the biocenosis and normalize digestion.
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine develops under the influence of drugs or substances that adversely affect the obligate microflora. Suppress the vital activity of beneficial bacteria antibiotics, hormonal drugs, cytotoxic drugs, sulfonamide drugs. Also, the intestinal dysbiosis can develop as a result of:
- of malnutrition;
- use of chemical additives that suppress flora;
- power failure;
- drastic changes in eating habits;
- of intestinal infections;
- diseases of the digestive tract;
- metabolism impairment.
Symptoms of intestinal dysbacteriosis( dyspeptic disorders, intoxication, reduced immunity, malabsorption syndrome), as a rule, arise against the background of the primary pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.
After the treatment of the underlying disease, the intestinal microflora is normalized, and for a more rapid colonization of the intestine by bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, the gastroenterologist recommends diet therapy and drugs that restore normal biocenosis.
Drugs for the restoration of biocenosis
To correct the composition of microflora, the gastroenterologist can prescribe selective nonabsorbable antibacterial agents, intestinal antiseptics, preparations in which there are culture-antagonists of pathogenic flora, bacteriophages. These drugs for the treatment of dysbacteriosis should be taken only under the supervision of the attending physician.
Drugs are required for acute forms of dysbiosis
To restore the microflora are intended:
- probiotics. Means containing living obligate microorganisms( "Acilact", "Bifidumbacterin", "Lactobacterin", "Flonivin");
- prebiotics. Preparations that accelerate the growth and reproduction of the right bacteria( Dufalac, Normase, Lactofiltrum);
- Synbiotics. They contain both microbes and a substrate for their growth and development( "Bioflora", "Narine Forte", "Algilac").
These drugs have no contraindications, do not cause overdose and addiction, so sold without a doctor's prescription. They are available in tablets, capsules, powder, candles. However, their administration is advisable only in the acute period of the disease.
Dysbacteriosis can be treated at home using dietotherapy. Before starting therapy with home remedies, you need to undergo a medical examination, since the symptoms of the disease are not specific and can indicate other functional or organic lesions of the digestive system.
Dietotherapy for intestinal dysbacteriosis
Patients with dysbacteriosis are assigned a diet No 4, which normalizes the activity of the intestine and reduces the activity of decay processes. The diet should be balanced both on the composition of nutrients, and on energy value.
When compiling the menu, it is necessary to take into account the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the daily norm of vitamins and trace elements, the amount of free liquid. Diet No 4 limits the amount of carbohydrates and fats in the diet and excludes the use of spices, pickles, smoked products, coarse fiber.
For the growth of obligate microflora in the intestine, the intake of food fibers and pectin( contained in vegetables, fruits, cereals, sea kale) and amino acids such as arginine and glutamine, which are in soy milk, is required from outside.
When dietary therapy is observed, eubiosis of the intestine is restored within 2-3 weeks.
Acid medium is preferred by harmful bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and it is at a low pH that they manifest themselves most pathogenically. Useful microorganisms multiply in alkaline environment and in the process of vital activity, they alkalize it even more, which adversely affects pathogenic bacteria, hence, useful bacteria "displace" harmful ones.
The level of acidity of the digestive and excretory organs is affected by the food consumed. To restore the acid-base balance in the intestine, you need to consume more fresh vegetables and fruits, greens, drinking water, olive oil, whole milk, and limit the consumption of baking, chocolate, carbonated drinks, coffee, fresh juices, meat, eggs, alcohol.
Non-pharmacological methods of treatment of dysbacteriosis include:
- increase in the diet of fruits and vegetables that contain large amounts of fiber( carrots, apples, beets, pumpkin, celery, plums, peaches, apricots, bananas, cabbage, eggplants, onions).Dietary fibers improve intestinal motility and remove toxins, and the fetus of sulfur contributes to the increase in the number of beneficial microorganisms;
- the use of bread from a meal of a coarse grinding and the germinated wheat. These products increase pH in the intestines, which contributes to the growth of useful flora and death of opportunistic microorganisms;
- addition to the diet of horseradish, dill, mustard, cilantro. They stimulate the production of gastric juice, which means that proteins and carbohydrates will dissolve faster and better in the small intestine, and food for putrefactive bacteria will not enter the large intestine. You can also acidify the dishes with apple or grape vinegar, currant juice, pomegranate or cornelian juice;
- inclusion in the diet of natural prebiotics. Prebiotics include lactulose, inulin, galactose, fructose isomers and other oligosaccharides. They are found in dairy products, onions, garlic, bananas, bread, beans, artichokes, cereals, chicory. Garlic has an antimicrobial effect, is rich in vitamins and trace elements, and also eliminates excessive gas formation. It is recommended to eat one clove of garlic twice a day( you can eat only if there are no chronic gastrointestinal diseases);
- addition to the daily menu of probiotics These include sour-milk products containing live bifidobacteria. It is kefir, "Bifilact", "Bifidin", live yoghurts, acidophilus, yogurt, kumis, butter, cottage cheese, quick-ripening cheese. Many sour-milk products contain antibiotic substances( formed by the action of bifidobacteria, milk and cream streptococci, acidophilus coli), which suppress the development of facultative microflora of the intestine( staphylococci, tubercle bacillus, etc.);
- honey consumption. The product has an antimicrobial property and is able to suppress the activity of streptococci and staphylococci( these bacteria most often supplant the obligate microflora).Also, honey reduces the severity of the inflammatory process, stimulates intestinal motility;
- drink water on an empty stomach. This will increase the pH of the gastric juice and give an antacid effect, which will lead to an increase in the amount of probiotics in the intestine.
For dysbacteriosis, it is necessary to include in the diet products containing live bacterial cultures, as well as food with high fiber content.
. To restore eubiosis, fatty varieties of meat and fish, confectionery, macaroni, any fried, sweet, spicy and fatty foods should be discarded. Also, you should not drink alcohol, as it irritates the gastrointestinal mucosa and leads to inflammatory and degenerative processes.
It is important to follow the meal schedule. When overeating, the process of cleavage of nutrients slows down, which means protein, food for putrefactive bacteria, enters the large intestine, hence the rot and increased gas production. If you skip meals, the gastric juice irritates the gastrointestinal mucosa. Eat preferably at regular intervals, often in small portions.
Advice of traditional medicine
In violation of the ratio of useful and harmful micro flora, folk medicine recommends drinking decoctions and infusions that have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, enveloping, fixing or laxative effect. Some of the infusions are drunk to get rid of pathogenic bacteria, while others struggle with clinical manifestations of the disease.
Antibacterial effect is infusions from the root of the blood-groove, the herb of St. John's Wort, marsh, chamomile, chamomile, sage, anise, mother-and-stepmother. It is believed that the herbs destroy the pathogenic flora and do not affect the useful flora in any way. Anti-inflammatory properties are expressed in the infusion from flowers of calendula, yarrow, St. John's wort, chamomile. Tea with the addition of herbs will be useful if the dysbacteriosis has developed against the background of an inflammatory disease of the digestive tract( gastritis, colitis, enteritis).
A decoction of flax seeds, oats, Diagel, and elecampane envelops the walls of the stomach, thereby protecting against the corrosive effects of hydrochloric acid, trypsin and bacteria. These broths will help reduce the severity of dyspeptic syndrome in patients with hyperacid gastritis.
Normalize the stool will also help the herbs. With diarrhea, folk medicine recommends drinking a decoction from a bug, cherry fruit, oak bark, pomegranate crusts, and with constipation tea from mint leaves, anise fruits, dill seeds. Eliminates flatulence eucalyptus infusion. If the dysbacteriosis develops against a background of stress, then teas with the addition of herbs that have a sedative effect( melissa, St. John's wort, valerian, chamomile, mint, ginseng, oregano) will help.
Juice and fruit cocktail from rose hips, raspberries, cranberries, blueberries have a bactericidal effect, so it is useful to include them in the diet in the presence of intestinal dysbiosis
Eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis and help restore intestinal microflora:
- birch leaf infusion. On the first day, take one sheet of birch and pour boiling water, give the night to brew, and in the morning drink on an empty stomach. The next day the infusion is made from two sheets, and the third of three, etc. The course of treatment is up to 40 days. Infusion improves digestion, normalizes intestinal motility, reduces gas formation;
- decoction from the tinder. A spoonful of crawfish is poured with boiling water and kept on a low heat for a quarter of an hour, then allowed to stand for 10 hours. The broth is drunk half an hour before meals three times a day. You need to consume a decoction for two weeks. Phytoncides and tanning materials of tinderweed prevent the growth of pathogenic flora;
- eucalyptus tea. Three spoons of eucalyptus are poured into two glasses of boiling water, allow to cool. Drink 30 minutes before eating a quarter of a glass for 10-14 days. The drug has an antimicrobial effect, preventing the development of opportunistic microflora;
- peppermint tea. For 200 ml of boiling water take 3 tablespoons of dry leaves of the plant. They drink tea half an hour before meals three times a day for a quarter of a glass, the remaining infusion is drunk two hours after dinner. Mint improves the secretion of gastric juice, has a choleretic effect, increases the number of enzymes, and this normalizes digestion, which means that the conditions for reproduction of harmful bacteria disappear.
To cured dysbacteriosis does not recur, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. First of all, take any broad-spectrum antibiotics only on strict doctor's instructions, as they destroy not only pathogenic microorganisms, but also the entire intestinal microflora.
It is also necessary to adhere to proper nutrition: to observe the schedule of food intake, to balance the diet by the number of nutrients, to consume a sufficient amount of liquid. In the prevention of dysbacteriosis, it is important to prevent infectious and inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract, since it is against their background that pathology develops.