Ear drops are an effective remedy for otitis. Their advantage is that the medicine directly gets to the site of the lesion, which is important for inflammation of the middle ear. However, drops are a serious remedy, applying it thoughtlessly can be dangerous. Therefore it is important to know which is best in each particular situation.
- Which drops can I use
- How to properly use the drops in otitis
- Tsiprofarm drops
- Other remedies for otitis media
- Boric alcohol
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It is important to remember that otitis treatment is always complex. Therapy is selected only by the doctor after diagnosis, depending on the nature and severity of the disease, medications and procedures are prescribed. Therefore, it is better not to try to pick up ear drops yourself, you should immediately go through the necessary studies and get the right recommendations.
Which drops can I use
In general, all drops can be divided into three groups:
- Drops based on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Drops on the basis of antibacterial agents.
- Combined drops with glucocorticosteroids and with antibiotic.
Also, otitis media sometimes use vasoconstrictive drops in the nose if there is a runny nose or severe swelling. For example, Naftizin, Sanorin, Ximelin and others.
Correctly selected medications will help to achieve a speedy recovery. The main thing - do not delay with treatment, acute otitis can become chronic if you neglect full-fledged therapy.
Important! If the condition does not improve or worsen during treatment with drops, you should contact your doctor again.
How to properly use the drops in otitis
To use the medicine most noticeably, you need to be able to use it correctly. Drops are topical preparations, so the result of treatment depends on a more accurate application of the medicine. General rules of instillation are as follows:
- You need to lie on your side, the sick side up.
- When instilled by adults, it is necessary to pull the auricle back and up, children under 3 years old - pull the lobe back and down, this will straighten the ear canal.
- Drops should be comfortable when administered. Before instilling it is possible to hold a bottle in hands. The pipette can be held in hot water, the drops themselves are not worth it, they can deteriorate.
- You can drip from a pipette, or moisten with a medicine a cotton turunda and put into your ear. You should carefully read the instructions to the drug, can these drops be used when perforating the tympanic membrane.
- After digging in, you need to lie down for 3-5 minutes in order to take the medicine glass down the ear canal and reach the focus of inflammation.
Compliance with these rules will help make treatment most effective. The delicacy of the administration of drops may vary depending on the course of the disease and the chosen drug.
Otipaks is a proven remedy for controlling otitis media. It has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, is more effective against external otitis media and in the early stages of the middle, until the eardrum is damaged. After its perforation, Otipax is contraindicated.
Otipaks have almost no contraindications: drops are suitable for adults and for infants, even infants. Pregnant and with lactation period apply with caution. Otipax may cause allergies, so it is best to consult a doctor.
Important! Otypax should not be combined with other drugs.
Drip on 3-4 drops to three times a day, the dosage is specified by an otolaryngologist. The duration of the course is no more than 10 days.
Sopraidex - drops with antibiotics, which have a strong anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect. Used in the treatment of otitis externa, sometimes helps with disease of an allergic nature. Of the minuses of the medicine - burning and itching in the ear after instillation, appears in most cases.
The drug is contraindicated in newborn babies, during lactation and during pregnancy. There are other contraindications, for example, damage to the tympanic membrane, since the antibiotic that is part of the medicine has an ototoxic effect.
It is applied 2-3 drops to four times a day, depending on the severity of the disease.
Anauran is a medicine with a strong anesthetic and antiviral effect, it is especially widely used for purulent otitis. The drug is suitable for the treatment of chronic and acute forms.
Anaurean is contraindicated for children up to one year, with caution used during pregnancy and lactation. Apply Anauran for longer than a week can not, in the composition there is an antibiotic, with long-term admission may appear strong side effects.
Drip 3-5 drops of medication up to four times a day, depending on the severity of the disease and the patient's age.
Otofa - inexpensive drops from otitis, a strong antibiotic. It is used for acute and chronic ear diseases as an antibacterial agent, against pain this medication is not used.
Bury 3-5 drops three times a day, depending on the age of the patient and the course of the disease. Often, these drops are referred to as funds for children, but Otofa is contraindicated in pregnant women.
Otinum - cheap drops with a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, help with otitis various types, including with fungal. Otinuma has almost no contraindications, allergic reactions are rare.
The otinum should not be used if the tympanic membrane is damaged, the salicylic acid content can damage the hearing.
Normax - antibiotics for otitis in adults, children under 18 years old, during pregnancy and lactation period can not drip them. The drug can cause a strong allergy, so before using a specialist consultation is needed, perhaps weaker means. Of the advantages of this medication is a low price.
Ciprofarm is used for diseases of the eye and ear, this drug has a pronounced antimicrobial effect. It can be used after surgery to prevent complications.
Drip on 3-4 drops every 12 hours, depending on the age of the patient. The course should not last more than a week. Tsiprofarm can be dripped to children after a year.
Important! If an allergy occurs on the medicine, you should consult your doctor and choose another drug.
Other remedies for otitis media
There are other drugs that can be digested in the ear with otitis, but their effectiveness is controversial. Apply them only if you go to a doctor or buy specialized drops there is no possibility.
This remedy can only be used with purulent otitis media. Pregnant, nursing and children up to a year of Levomycetin can not be used categorically. This drug is available in different forms, an alcoholic solution of Levomycetin is suitable for the treatment of ear disease.
Drip on 2-3 drops of a solution no more than three times a day. Frequency can be changed only with the permission of the attending physician. Levomycetin is usually used in combination, if there are many discharges, the form of otitis is severe, the medicine will not function fully.
Important! Long-term use of Levomycetin is not recommended, there is a high probability of allergic reactions, Quincke's edema.
Boric alcohol is considered an outdated treatment for ear diseases, but some prefer to use it because of its low price and availability. The use of boric alcohol is controversial, so it is better to apply it if other medications are not available.
Boric alcohol can be dripped into the ear, preheating it. Cold fluid can increase pain. Adults drip three drops about four times a day. Drip with a pipette.
A safer method is to drip with a cotton turunda. A few drops of boric alcohol are applied to the turundum or a small twisted flagellum of cotton wool, then it is inserted into the ear. It is better to do the procedure in the evening, the turunda should be left in the ear for the night.
Important! Use boric alcohol and levomitsetinovy alcohol with damage to the eardrum is strictly prohibited.
There are other contraindications and side effects at which boric alcohol can be dangerous:
- Pregnancy, lactation, age up to three years. Also boric alcohol can not be used for violations of the liver and kidneys, with the likelihood of allergies.
- The results of toxic effects of boric acid. Usually, if treatment with alcohol lasts more than ten days, the procedure is carried out too often.
- When using boric alcohol, nausea, vomiting, confusion, convulsions, and other symptoms of intoxication may occur. In this case, you need to see a doctor immediately.
With a careful use of boric alcohol can have a beneficial effect on otitis.
If the acute stage develops rapidly and there are severe pains, accompanied by inflammation, you can make a vodka compress. This will temporarily weaken the course of the disease and help to hold out to seeking professional medical help.
You need to slightly warm the vodka. For a compress, apply a few drops of vodka on a cotton swab, attach it to your ear and put it on your head with a bandage, you can wrap it up with a scarf to keep the heat on top. The compress can be left overnight.
Important! Clean alcohol can not be used, the strength of the solution should not be higher than the strength of vodka.
Currently, there is a huge selection of different drugs and ear drops with different principles of action, with which you can quickly and relatively easily cure otitis and prevent it from developing into a chronic form.