Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the prostate gland of a man. According to statistics, about a third of men under the age of 50 suffer from chronic prostatitis.
- Types and causes of the disease
- Symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men
- Symptoms of congestive chronic prostatitis
- Symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment of chronic prostatitis
- Treatment of congestive prostatitis
- Treatment of bacterial prostatitis
- Prophylaxis of chronic prostatitis
Acute prostatitis: symptoms, causes and folk treatment Is it possible to have sex with a prostatitis? We select drugs for prostatitis in men Bacterial prostatitis: symptoms, causes, types and effective treatment What are the injections for the treatment of prostatitis?
Types and causes of the disease
Depending on what became the cause of the disease, chronic prostatitis is divided into two groups:
- Bacterial (or infectious). As a rule, it occurs due to the defeat of the prostate gland by various bacteria, viruses, fungi.
- Congestive (or stagnant). It is provoked by stagnation of secretion or fluid in the circulatory system of the organ.
- Acute prostatitis.
In addition, we can identify the so-called risk factors, which can increase the likelihood of the disease. Among them:
- sedentary, sedentary lifestyle;
- irregular sex life;
- wearing tight underwear;
- not cured infectious diseases;
- decreased immunity;
- disruption of the endocrine system;
- chronic stress, nerve stress;
- bad habits.
Often bacterial prostatitis develops against the background of chlamydia, ureoplasmosis, trichomoniasis and other infections that affect the reproductive system.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men
Chronic prostatitis never occurs suddenly, it develops for a long time without disturbing its owner. The main danger is the practical absence or mild manifestation of symptoms.
Symptoms of congestive chronic prostatitis
- Painful urination. It occurs because at the initial stage of the disease, the excretory ducts become inflamed and the epithelium exfoliates from them.
- Problems with erection.
- Reducing the "brightness" of orgasm.
- Unpleasant sensations in the urethra and perineum (burning, for example).
- Frequent trips to the toilet in a small way.
- Difficult stooling.
- Elevated temperature and signs of intoxication (rarely).
Symptoms of chronic bacterial prostatitis
This form of the disease as a whole is asymptomatic, but during the period of exacerbation it can deliver a lot of inconvenience to the patient.
Manifestations can be divided into local and general. Local include:
- painful sensations during a trip to the toilet and erections;
- blood in the urine (hematuria) and sperm (hemospermia);
- aching or drawing pains in the lower abdomen;
- problems with erection and ejaculation;
- problems with urination (difficulty, urine output in parts, weak jet).
In addition, general symptoms of infectious diseases can be added, such as headache, fever, general weakness of the body, aches, decreased performance, impaired appetite, etc.
In some cases, chronic prostatitis can occur with little or no symptoms.
Diagnosis of the disease
If you have any suspicious symptoms, you should contact a urologist for diagnosis. We already wrote, which doctor treats prostatitis. After collecting the medical history, the doctor performs the following procedures:
- Finger rectal feeling.
- Rectal ultrasound.
If the bacteriological character of the disease is suspected, tests for genital infections and antibiotic susceptibility are taken. The latter is necessary for the appointment of an effective treatment.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis
Unfortunately, today a complete cure for prostatitis is a rather difficult task for a doctor. In most cases, doctors achieve long-term remission of the disease, after which the treatment must be repeated again. Much depends on the patient's conscientiousness: the more carefully he will follow the doctor's recommendations, the longer will be remission, perhaps even for the rest of his life.
Treatment of congestive prostatitis
As already noted above, the main problem of this form of the disease is fluid stasis and secretion, which must be eliminated. To this end, a medication, using drugs that eliminate stagnation improving blood circulation, leading to normal metabolism in the pelvic organs (e.g., Diclofenac suppositories, prostanorm preparation). With the same purpose the doctor can prescribe physiotherapy procedures.
Regular massage of the prostate gland is mandatory. Many men try to avoid this procedure, thinking that this is something humiliating, unbearable and painful. However, without a massage, there will be no special effect from the treatment. In addition, I would like to note that the degree of sensitivity during the massage is largely dependent on the patient's psychological mood and his ability to relax.
For a longer-term effect, the patient is recommended to change his lifestyle, move more, engage in sports, and have a regular sex life. It is necessary to give up bad habits, eat properly and regularly.
Treatment of bacterial prostatitis
The main task in the treatment is the elimination of infection. For this purpose, antibiotics or antiviral drugs are prescribed.
If during the course of the disease the patient complains of a strong pain sensation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. Also, local treatment with herbs (chamomile, calendula) can be performed.
In the rest, the treatment of infectious prostatitis is no different from the treatment of stagnant.
When complications develop (abscess, for example), surgical intervention can be performed.
Prophylaxis of chronic prostatitis
- In time, treat acute prostatitis. In most cases, chronic prostatitis develops because of the incompleteness of the acute.
- Qualitatively treat infectious and viral diseases.
- Regular preventive examinations at the urologist will help to reveal the disease in time.
- Try to lead a lively lifestyle, walk more. This will avoid the occurrence of congestive prostatitis.
- Try to eat right. At least exclude from the diet strong alcoholic beverages, beer, spices and very salty foods.
Carefully observing these simple rules of prevention and prescription of a doctor, you can no doubt achieve a prolonged recurrence of chronic prostatitis.