Viral coughCough, runny nose, temperature - all these phenomena need treatment. Most often people get sick in the cold season. Since there is more cold time in the main part of Russia than warm weather, one must be ready and meet colds fully armed. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea may be accompanied by fever, suffocating cough and general malaise. In order to begin treatment, it is necessary to understand what caused the disease. It can be both viruses and bacteria.
Bacterial or viral cough?
Bacterial tracheitis is transmitted by kissing, communicating and with close contact. In order not to become infected, simple security measures must be observed. Viral tracheitis accompanies ARVI and influenza, it can have an incubation period that does not allow starting timely treatment. Wet cough is not contagious, so you should not be afraid of infection during this period. Determine the bacterial or viral cough in a person can only a doctor, so if within two weeks can not cope with the disease, it is better to visit the clinic.
If the apartment has a person with respiratory illness, it is necessary to ventilate the room frequently. It is also important to observe the regime of rest and nutrition. Most often people fall ill in the fall and spring, when they breathe in cold air. Contaminated and cold air adversely affect the work of the respiratory system.
Viral infection with a cough
ARVI most often sick children from three to fourteen years. Viral infection with a cough is afraid of ultraviolet rays and disinfectants. It enters the body through the respiratory tract and is fixed on epithelial cells. Destroyed cells allow the virus to enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. A bacterial infection can join a viral infection. In this case, the illness is delayed and difficult to treat.
Viral cough treatment
In order to quickly recover and not get complications, you must comply with bed rest, and this means you must stop going to work and study. Viral cough treatment is carried out with such drugs as "Lavomax" and "Arbidol". With an increase in body temperature, it is necessary to take antipyretics. A plentiful warm drink and steam inhalations can alleviate the condition of the patient. In order for sputum to depart better, it is necessary to take expectorant drugs, such as "ACTS "Bromgexin" or "Ascoril".
Means of traditional medicine can be used at the same time as those medications prescribed by the doctor. However, they must be given only with the permission of a specialist, especially if it is a child.
A viral cough in a child
Cough can be pathological and physiological. Physiological cough helps to clear the respiratory tract from dust, foreign bodies and mucus. With this cough, there is no runny nose, vomiting, diarrhea and chills.
A dry cough in a child should alert the parents, because it can be a sign of pharyngitis, tracheitis, tuberculosis or pneumonia. Pathological cough needs treatment.
In order to save the child from a dry cough, it is necessary to use antitussive drugs that reduce spasm and facilitate a painful condition. As soon as a viral cough in a child becomes wet or productive, one should start giving expectorants that will help to get the phlegm out of the lungs. Wet cough doctors call good, it leads to a rapid recovery.
Residual cough can last about a month. Do not treat it. At this time, you need to strengthen immunity, often ventilate the apartment and make short walks in the fresh air.
What is bacterial bronchitis, how to diagnose and treat it?
Bronchitis is a disease of the bronchi. It can be viral and bacterial. Most often, people face viral bronchitis, the bacterial is much more difficult to get sick.
But this diagnosis can be made only by a doctor, it is very difficult to distinguish between these two diseases, because they are similar to each other.If a person often suffers from bronchitis, it is very important for him to know the difference between the viral and bacterial types of the disease.Despite the fact that bacterial bronchitis is a very rare phenomenon, it is more dangerous than a viral one.
Basic information about bronchi
Bronchi are two tubes that connect the trachea and lungs. These two tubes have many branches in the lungs, which allows a person to breathe freely, saturating the body with oxygen. If we consider the structure of the bronchi, then we can note the following components:
- mucous membrane;
- fibro-muscular-cartilaginous tissue;
- adventitial shell.
As for the basic functions, here, in addition to supplying oxygen to the lungs, there are a couple more points. So, the bronchi have a protective function and protect with the help of cilia lungs from the effects of the environment. Another item is the function that is responsible for the cough reflex. For example, the person inhaled the dust, and with the help of this reflex everything returned and the lungs remained clean.
Bronchi have their own hierarchy, which defines:
- zonal bronchi;
- segmental and subsegmental;
- small bronchi;
Various bronchial diseasesLike any organ in the human body, bronchi are also prone to a number of diseases that can worsen a person's condition. Disease of the bronchi is a serious enough thing, which, if improperly treated or if it is absent, can lead to a fatal outcome. There is a disease like chronic bronchitis. It is a cough, constant or intermittent, during which sputum is secreted. It lasts at least 2 - 3 months. Cough is returned when the disease begins to exacerbate.
Another known disease is bronchial asthma. It occurs after a person has suffered an infectious disease in severe form or if someone from the family is sick or has asthma. It seems as if someone is strangling someone. Such attacks usually happen at night. The main thing is a well-chosen treatment that will reduce the incidence of bronchial seizures.
The third common disease is bronchospasm. With this disease, lungs spasmodic and dyspnea appears. With him, too, there may be suffocation and it is difficult for a person to breathe in, as the bronchi begin to give out a secret that clogs the bronchial tubes. Usually this disease does not arise from nowhere. Parallel to this problem, the two above mentioned diseases develop. There are many more bronchial diseases, but the most common is bronchitis, which can occur in both adults and children.
Bronchitis and its varieties
It is necessary to distinguish between viral and bacterial bronchitis. Only a doctor will be able to give you the correct diagnosis, however, knowing the difference, you can save time, money and nerves. If you are a person who often suffers from bronchitis, understanding the difference between bacterial and viral bronchitis is especially important to you.Viral bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa due to viruses that affect the respiratory tract. As a result, the whole body system begins to suffer and the infection spreads easily. This disease is often diagnosed in children.
It happens this way: an infected air stream enters the bronchi, the viruses stay in them and remain multiplying. Children suffer most often, because this disease can be picked up not only on the street, but also with a large crowd of people, namely in kindergartens, schools, dormitories. Sometimes viral bronchitis occurs due to a disorder of nasal breathing or infection of the nasopharynx.
Bronchitis occurs due to weakened immunity after a recent illness (flu, cold). Symptoms of viral bronchitis are fairly simple to notice:
- Pain in the thorax.
- Breathing is wheezy.
- Cough. Initially, cough is with phlegm and the person is very difficult to clear his throat, but gradually it becomes diluted and the patient becomes easier to breathe.
As for the treatment, there is an individual approach to each person here. The doctor decides what preparations to take at one or another stage of the disease. But there are some tips that apply to all people. So, it is necessary to drink a lot of fluids. Try to drink tea with lemon, raspberry or honey every hour. The human body is dehydrated and it is necessary to replenish the water balance. Together with the liquid, an infection is eliminated, and the body becomes easier to cope with the disease. Eat more often. The meal should be 4 to 5 times a day. In the room, the air should not be dry, so you need to do a wet cleaning and put wet towels on the batteries. Eat more vitamins, especially vitamin C: they strengthen the immune system and help the body fight infection.
Bacterial bronchitis can be met very rarely. Usually this is 1% of 100%. Many believe that bacterial can be infected almost as much as viral, that is, outdoors or indoors. But few know that in fact, bacterial bronchitis is a complicated version of his colleague. That is, it is a neglected form of viral bronchitis. It occurs when the treatment is wrong or if there is no response to it.
Symptoms in bacterial bronchitis are the same as in viral: temperature, headache, etc. but they add a cough, only with a thick, dark sputum.This is an indication that bacteria are involved in the process. Treatment, too, should appoint a doctor. To begin with, he needs to be diagnosed and find out which of the two types of bronchitis the patient has. This will help in prescribing certain medications to fight bronchitis. For viral and bacterial bronchitis, different approaches to treatment are needed. The doctor should find out the strain of bacteria that destroy the human body.
A person who still suffers from asthma should immediately consult a doctor. This is a precautionary measure, in order not to aggravate the situation. The doctor usually asks a series of questions, prescribes tests and a chest X-ray.
The main recommendations for the treatment of bacterial bronchitis coincide with the previous disease. The main thing is to comply with bed rest and take enough fluids. If severe pain occurs in the thoracic region, you can drink an anesthetic drug. You can take a hot shower, but do not collect a full bath of water. Try not to take a shower for long. You can also do steam inhalation on various herbs. Whatever disturbs you with this disease, it is better to consult a doctor, rather than self-medicate. However, most people believe that this is just a cough: you can drink some broth - and everything will pass. Chamomile bacteria will not kill. Antibiotics and antitussive medications are prescribed by the doctor..
A person who smokes should try not to use cigarettes for at least a few days. They contain many harmful chemicals that enter the body as a vapor and can contribute to the development of bacterial bronchitis, thereby worsening the patient's health. To prevent bacterial bronchitis, you should try to lead a healthy lifestyle, often be outdoors, tempered, vaccinated against influenza and maintain your immune system. At observance of all recommendations of doctors the human body starts to recover already in 3 - 4 days.
The baby has a runny nose and cough without fever: what does this mean?
Children have colds very often, and especially this applies to infants. The rhinitis without temperature at them arises because of that the respiratory ways are cleared of a various sort of pollution. This phenomenon is considered normal and does not require cause for concern. But sometimes a runny nose and a cough without fever can be a reason to call a doctor. The reasons for the occurrence of such symptoms are many, so the doctor's task is to find the one and eliminate it.
What to do when a dry cough does not clear, you can read this article.
As a rule, a runny nose and a cough without temperature are symptoms of a cold, caused by various viruses.
Immunity of the baby begins to recognize pathogenic microorganisms and enters into battle with them. But sometimes it is very difficult to recognize a virus, so it penetrates into the cells of the body without problems. For this reason, with bacterial damage, the temperature rises almost immediately, but with viral indicators remain normal.
Why there is a dry cough with no signs of a cold, stated in the article.
If you leave viral rhinitis without treatment, then the cause of such a negligent attitude to health can become a serious inflammation of the sinuses of the nose. In other words, the child will have sinusitis. It is also important to understand that along with slime microbes can get into the throat and trachea. If you do not give the crumb a timely treatment, then it can develop the following complications:
- Pharyngitis, laryngitis;
- Bronchitis, tracheitis and pneumonia.
How to treat a tracheal cough, you can learn from the article.
On video - the child has a runny nose and cough without fever, the reason is perhaps a red throat:
How to treat bronchitis, you can find out by reading this article.
Viral infection greatly weakens the protective functions of the body, as a result of which bacterial can also be connected. ARVI very often activate and other pathogenic microorganisms, which lead to inflammation of the ENT organs. On the basis of this, parents are obliged to understand that they can not do without the help of a doctor, even if the cough and runny nose are not accompanied by an increase in temperature indicators.
The next reason for the development of such symptoms is an allergic reaction.Rhinitis of allergic form occurs in patients who have been in a dusty place for a long time. Very often this is due to a rare wet cleaning. Coryza can act as a reaction to the flowering plants, flying insects, children's cosmetics and chemicals. Often even healthy children are affected by a cough and runny nose due to the much over-dried air in the room.
If a dry cough and runny nose without temperature disturbs the crumb for a long time, then these are very disturbing symptoms. Against the background of an allergic reaction in young patients, bronchial asthma can develop. In this sour, it is very important to help the baby in time, only this way you will double the chances that your child will grow up healthy.
How to treat a dry paroxysmal cough in an adult is indicated in the article.
To overcome the viral infection that is in the body in a child, it is necessary to have medicines from the antiviral group. Without them, treatment will not have a positive effect. But before this, a compulsory specialist consultation is necessary, only he will be able to determine which of their available drugs will be most effective and what is his dosage. The antiviral drugs group includes the following:
This is not all drugs, these are allowed to be used by children from the first day of life. To increase the fight against the disease, it is worthwhile to use indinators of interferonogenesis in treatment:
How to treat a wet cough and runny nose without fever, you can find out by reading this article.
To raise the vitality and protective forces of the body is to take the tincture of echinacea. At the time of therapy of small patients, it is very difficult to dispense with medications that are aimed at fighting symptomatology. When the child has a stuffy nose and is difficult to breathe, vasoconstrictive nasal drops can be used:
But do not get carried away with them, either. It is allowed to use drops for no more than 5 days, otherwise you can earn allergic rhinitis.
What to do when the baby has a runny nose without fever, you can learn from this article.
When a wet cough has been tortured by a child, it is necessary to prescribe drugs whose action is aimed at diluting the sputum and rapidly withdrawing it.For these purposes, it is necessary to use licorice root tincture, althea, Mucaltin, ACC.
To eliminate dry cough, you can use Tusuprex, Pertussin, Libexin. Prolonged cough excellently removes the herbal pouch. But once again to suppress cough is not necessary, because you can break the sputum, and in the lungs there will be inflammation.
To remove puffiness and allergies that have arisen against the background of the inflammatory process, it is necessary to use antihistamines. Here the following types of preparations are in great demand:
When treating colds at home, you can perform inhalations. Thanks to them, it is possible to direct the medications directly into the respiratory tract. For such treatment it is allowed to use both special inhalers and improvised drugs. All components of medications penetrate along with the vapor into the upper respiratory tract and purify the mucous from microbes, relieve pain in the throat, cough and hoarseness in the voice.
Whether there can be a cough with teething will become clear after reading this article.
Steam inhalations that are time-tested can be used. It is the inhalation of steam from cooked potatoes. It is necessary to carefully wash the vegetable and boil it, drain the water and bend over the hot potatoes, from above with a towel. Leave the steam for 20 minutes. If such manipulations you will do with the baby 3-5 years, then they must be performed together, otherwise the baby can get burns.
When the cold is pronounced with a runny nose, it is worth using the drops in your nose at home. For these purposes, you can use calanchoe, aloe, garlic and onions.
If you decide to apply aloe juice, it is best that his age does not exceed 3-4 years. The resulting juice diluted with water in the proportion: 0 and drip with medicine each nasal passage of 3-5 drops. It is not necessary to combine aloe juice with such drugs as Naphthysine or Sanorin. Otherwise, it will lead to the development of sinusitis.
How to treat a wheezy cough is indicated in the article.
Features of treatment of infants
If a baby has a cold, for which a cough is characteristic, a runny nose and sneezing without fever, then it is necessary to immediately go to the clinic. The doctor after a thorough diagnosis can determine the cause of the pathology and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
The video tells about the causes of a cold without fever in the baby:
First of all, all actions should be aimed at increasing the body's immune forces. For this, the baby should be given Interferon and Grippferon. Bury the nose to the child by drop in each nasal passage 2 times throughout the day. If the baby is already 6 months old, then you can give him a child Anaferon for the treatment of influenza and the prevention of colds. The tablet of this drug should be dissolved in warm water, and then give a drink to the baby. The number of receptions per day should not exceed 3 times.
How to cure an asthmatic cough is indicated in the description of this article.
The earlier the parents begin to treat a cold, the sooner it will begin to have a positive impact. Presented drugs will prevent the defeat of the baby's body during an epidemic of flu, when they already have someone sick from adults.
Treatment of rhinitis during the cold involves the use of Aquamaris or Solin.
These are saline solutions, which need to drip the nose of a small paitsent. If there is a strong nasal congestion, then you can buy an aloe extract from the pharmacy. When a cold has a positive effect of inhalation using garlic. It is necessary to grind this product on a grater and let the baby breathe. Use vasoconstrictive medication for an infant is not permissible.
To treat a cough, you can give crumb infusion of chamomile over a dessert spoon 3 times a day. Only you can take it to a child, whose age is already more than 6 months. For irrigation of the throat should use the spray Tantum verde, do the procedure 2 times a day.
It has a disinfectant effect on the mother's milk, so a chilled baby needs to be given breast as often as possible. In addition, it is worthwhile to provide the child with an abundant drink.
When you cough up a crumb, you can make a vodka compress.To do this, mix the vodka and water in an equal proportion, moisten the cotton in it and put it on your throat, from above cover with gauze and cellophane. It is necessary to perform such measures with extreme caution, otherwise it will be possible to burn the tender baby skin. It is also permitted to use mustard plasters, then it is necessary to be extremely pointed, put them only through 3 layers of gauze and after the approval of such treatment by a doctor.
If a child has a cold with a strong cough, then he is allowed to use Mukaltin from medications. This medication has no side effects, since it is produced on the basis of natural components.
What Komarovsky thinks
According to the famous pediatrician Komarovsky, during treatment for a cough and runny nose without fever, parents should direct all their efforts to maintain the mucous membranes of the nose in a moistened condition. Here it is necessary to fill the child's room with fresh air regularly, that the temperature in the room does not exceed 21 degrees, and the humidity of the air is not lower than 75 percent.
The doctor gives the parents the following tips:
- Regularly perform irrigation of the nasal mucosa with saline. You can buy it in any pharmacy, and also make it yourself. You just need to dissolve a dessert spoon of sea salt in a glass of warm water.
- Apply the drug Ekteritsid, which has an anti-inflammatory and softening effect.
- Perform inhalation using a nebulizer or improvised means. For these purposes, medicinal herbs, essential oils are very suitable.
In the video - Dr. Komarovsky talks about a cough without a cold and fever:
To prevent colds bypassing your child, Komarovsky recommends that you follow the following rules of prevention:
- Carry out tempering of the body, so often walk with the baby on the street in active games.
- The ration of crumbs should be filled with vitamins and trace elements.
Coryza and cough are two unpleasant symptoms that indicate that the virus has settled in the body. The virus disease can flow without temperature, which indicates a strong immunity of the child.But in this case, treatment is a necessary measure.It is important to maintain the immune power of the baby, otherwise the body can not cope and there will be various complications.
How to treat bronchitis and cough caused by an adult?
Coryza, redness of the throat, severe cough, often accompanied by fever, shortness of breath - all this is a manifestation of bronchitis. In most cases, it has a viral or infectious origin. With it, inflammation of the bronchi occurs, and coughing attacks exhaust the person with their frequency and intensity. At first, the cough is dry, and the chest feels pain and burning. Then he goes to the wet, which is accompanied by phlegm, and his attacks become less powerful. The acute form of bronchitis is accompanied by sputum with pus, sometimes there is blood in it. This disease is fraught with complications in order to prevent them from having to be treated on time, and do not delay contacting a doctor - pulmonologist.
In most cases, the causative agents of bronchitis are viruses, so the disease does not make sense to treat with antibiotics. The question arises, what to treat bronchitis and cough in an adult. But if after five days of prescribed treatment the temperature has not passed, the whole body feels weak, there is shortness of breath, sputum production increases, then the causative agent of the disease is the infection that has entered the body. Then you can not do without antibiotics. Stop coughing attacks will help cough antitussives, which can reduce its dry appearance and help him go to the wet. Here are described preparations from dry cough in adults.
After that, expectorant medications are used to promote the production of sputum and mucus from the cavity of the bronchi. The main thing to find is an effective expectorant. When the throat is used, antiseptics are used in the form of sprays. It is also recommended to gargle with various solutions prepared according to folk recipes. Immune stimulants, which strengthen the body as a whole, help to recover quickly. If suddenly the disease will be accompanied by bronchospasm, then bronchodilators are used. Many people have a question whether they are treating it with antibiotics.
Acute form, viral
Diagnosis of the disease occurs after the treatment of the patient to the doctor. To accurately determine the form of the disease, you must undergo a visual examination, auscultation, in which the specialist will check the noise in the lungs and bronchi, then it will be necessary to take an X-ray and donate blood to analysis. If after all the examinations the diagnosis is confirmed - acute bronchitis, then you should immediately start treatment.Viral bronchitis even in an acute form does not require the use of antibiotics.All treatment should be aimed at getting rid of the virus from the body, by removing it from the phlegm. The disease itself does not belong to complicated, but with its complications it is quite difficult to fight. Therefore, it is so important in time to seek help from a specialist.How to use a child's antibiotic for cough and cold is indicated in the article.
How to treat a runny nose and a sore throat without fever is indicated in the article.
That it is possible from a cold with breastfeeding, is specified here: http://prolor.ru/n/bolezni-n/rinit/nasmork-pri-grudnom-vskarmlivanii-lechenie.html
The video tells how to treat acute bronchitis:
The following tools are usually used:
- immunostimulating drugs, which contain vitamins A, B, E and C;
- antibiotics. At temperatures above 38 ° C, which does not drop for three days, effective medications are prescribed: Biseptol, Amoxil and Streptomycin;
- when using them, you must drink in parallelpotions, restoring the intestinal microflora, the activity of which will be disturbed by the action of antibiotics. For these purposes, it is best to use Lineks, Bifidobacteria and Yogurt;
- at a high temperature are appointedantipyretics. Such as aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen. They act directed, and besides that they remove headache and muscle aching pain;
- liquefying phlegm. Well proven themselves: Bromgeksin and Ambroxol.
Biseptolis released in tablets. Usually it does not have any side infections, so it is often used for bronchitis. Its dosage is set by a doctor, a drink is consumed after a meal. It is a combined antibacterial agent for a wide range of uses.
Amoxylbelongs to the group of aminopenicillins. It suppresses the multiplication of harmful microbes, acting overwhelmingly to the synthesis of their cells. It is used for 500 mg twice a day. When entering the body, it is perfectly absorbed into the bloodstream and begins to act after two hours. It is also used in the hospital.
Streptomycinit is prescribed in inflammatory processes. It can be injected intramuscularly or used as an aerosol. Before using it, it is required to pass a skin test, so you can check the patient's sensitivity to the components of the medicine. When administered intramuscularly, a single dose of the drug is from, to 1 gram. The daily dosage should not exceed 2 grams.
The course of treatment with these drugs is from 5 to 7 days. Aspirin, it has antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. He is drunk after a meal, no more than three times a day for one tablet.
Paracetamol- An analgesic. It is used in cases when other non-steroid drugs are contraindicated. It can remove pain and relieve fever. The medicine is administered orally on one tablet (500 mg) at a time. He is drunk four times a day. Between medications take at least 4 hours. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 4 grams. The course of taking the drug is a week.
IbuprofenIs a potent remedy. It has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects on the body. It is taken orally in tablets (200 mg) 3 to 4 times a day. If necessary, increase the dose to 400 mg and three times a day. But not more than 1200 mg per day. At recovery, the dosage of the drug is reduced to 600-800 mg. In the morning, the drug is taken before meals, and in the remaining times after eating. The course of treatment should be no more than 5 days. The drug has many side effects and contraindications, so treatment should take place in the shortest possible time.
Bromhexinehas an expectorant effect. It makes sputum less viscous and promotes its excretion outside. It reduces coughing spells, participates in the adjustment of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. It is taken orally in tablet form or in the form of a syrup, regardless of the food intake, drinking it with a warm liquid (water, herbal tea or infusion). Drink two tablets three to four times. The syrup is drunk the same amount of times in a dosage of 16 ml. It has a cumulative property, so its effect is manifested on the 2 - 6 day after the first intake. The maximum rate is 28 days.
Ambroxolan effective agent that can be completely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. It reaches the maximum concentration in the body in two hours. This mucolytic drug has an expectorant and secretory function. Produced in the form of tablets and syrup (more suitable for children). Dosage of the drug is prescribed at the rate of 30 mg per 1 kg of body weight. The resulting indicator is divided into four applications.
The acute form of bronchitis presupposes compliance with diet, bed rest and performance of therapeutic gymnastics.
Chronic form, protracted bronchitis
A three-month continuous, mild cough is the main symptom of a slow inflammation process bronchus, which eventually gets chronic form, if such processes are often repeated within two years. The effectiveness of the treatment of chronic bronchitis depends entirely on the correctly chosen integrated approach, which must overcome the infection and remove the symptoms of the disease. The main assistants in this are antibiotics.What to do, after the common cold, the sense of smell is gone, you can understand from this article.
What inexpensive and effective remedy for the common cold is most often used, is indicated in the article.
How to cure a child's edema in the nose without a cold, is indicated here in the article: http://prolor.ru/n/simptomy/otek-nosa-bez-nasmorka-prichiny.html
The main tasks in the treatment of exacerbation of chronic bronchitis are the fight against infection and the elimination of symptoms.Therefore, drugs are used: Clarithromycin, Tetracycline and Sumamed.
Clarithromycin, clarithromycin teva- is obtained synthetically from erythromycin. Whether this antibiotic treats? It acts bacteriostatically. The dosage of the medication is determined individually for each. One-time reception is 5 - 1 gram. He is drunk, regardless of the meal twice a day.
Tetracycline- antibacterial agent that eliminates germs. It is taken orally by, 5 g for half an hour before meals. For a day the number of receptions can reach 6 times.
Sumamedcan eliminate harmful bacteria. It quickly penetrates into the blood and dissolves in it. Its effect is noticeable already on the second day. It can be used for 5 days or apply an accelerated course consisting of a three-day use of the drug. A single dose is 500 mg - one tablet or two capsules.
After eliminating the inflammatory process with antibiotics, they can be replaced by inhalation. In the basis of them will be used juice from onions or garlic. The recipe for their preparation is simple: you need to take one part of the juice of plants and connect with three parts of novocaine.
If long-term use of antibiotics led to the emergence of fungal infection, it should be in parallel with the general treatment to drink antifungal medicines.
Taking antibacterial drugs can make phlegm more dense. Therefore, it is advisable to use such drugs: Rinatiol, Trypsin or Bromhexine. An expectorant effect is infusions from such medicinal herbs: althaea, chamomile, thermopsis, mother - and - stepmother. They should be drunk at least 10 times a day in parallel with the abundant intake of warm liquid inside.
Good for treating chronic bronchitis with inhalation. They can be with different solutions. If necessary, then funds are used to restore bronchial obstruction: Teofedrine, Euphyllin, Astaman or Ventalin.
During the exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, the following measures will be effective:
- addition of the diet of the patient with vitamins C and A, and also analogues of group B;
- application of natural biostimulators - aloe, sea buckthorn oil and propolis;
- conducting physiotherapy;
- performance of exercise therapy.
The same measures are effective for the beginning of bronchitis. All medications are prescribed by a doctor - a pulmonologist.
It is treated in a comprehensive manner. To eliminate it, it is necessary to use medical therapy containing the following medicines:
- bronchodilators (Berodual, Teotrad, Formoterol, fenoterol);
- hormonal agents (Prednisolone or Prednisol);
- antibiotics (Erespal, Amoxicillin, Heparin);
- expectorant medications (Bromhexine, Acetylcysteine);
- infusions of bronchicum, Ledum or thermopsis;
- antihistamines (suprastin or diazolin).
BerodualIt is able to expand the lumen of the bronchi, which narrowed due to muscle spasm. Its active substances are: fenoterol and ipratropium bromide. They have a beneficial effect on the smooth muscles of the bronchi, eliminate their contractions and prevent the accumulation of sputum. It is available in the form of drops and aerosol. Adults to stop coughing should drink 20 to 40 drops per application four times a day. The medicine can cause side effects: nausea, dizziness, arrhythmia, increased blood pressure and sometimes a rash.
Erespalit removes inflammation, excludes bronchoconstriction. It should be taken before meals for 1 tablet containing 80 mg or 45 - 90 ml of syrup twice a day. If necessary, the dosage is doubled and divided into three doses. When using it can cause nausea, minor tachycardia, vomiting. Pregnant such a drug can not be consumed. Here you can get acquainted with the instructions for the use of cough syrup Erespal.
In addition to medical intervention, the following methods are effective:
- manual therapy;
- vibrating massage;
- changing the diet of the patient.
Its appearance is not associated with catarrhal diseases, it arises as a result of an allergic reaction of the organism to pathogens that enter the lungs together with air. His symptoms are absolutely similar to chronic bronchitis, asthmatic, so doctors recommend to treat it medically. In this case, drugs should not only reduce cough and make breathing easier, but also eliminate allergic reaction. The treatment of allergic bronchitis is a complex approach. It includes the use of the following medicines:
- antihistamines (Diazolin, Suprastin and Tavegil);
- expectorants (Broncholitin, Mukaltin, Pertussin and Bromhexin).
- bronchodilators (Cromoglin, Ketotifen, Atrvent)
Tavegilis taken before meals twice a day. One dose is 1 mg. It has side effects in the form of fatigue, drowsiness, noise in the ears, dry mouth, vomiting.
Suprastinis used both in tablet form and in injections. It should be drunk one pill (25 mg) three times a day. If the drug should be administered intramuscularly, the dosage is from 1 to 2 ml. For a day you can not eat more than 100 mg. Contraindications include:
- stomach ulcer;
- lactation period;
Pertussinfamiliar from childhood sweetish syrup, active ingredients of which are extracts of thyme and thyme. It should be taken to adults three times a day for one tablespoon. The course of treatment should not exceed two weeks.
Ketotifenprevents bronchospasm. It enhances the effect of antihistamines. He is drunk during a meal of 1 mg. Preferably in the morning and evening. If necessary, the dose can be doubled. Its contraindications include:
- kidney disease;
- time of breastfeeding;
- children under three years.
Features of treatment
Each individual is assigned individual therapy, which depends on various risk factors and the form of the disease. For individual patients, there is a specific treatment.
The organism of the mother and the child in it is a single system. When treating women in this situation, it is necessary to consider the following features:
- there is no medicine that would be considered completely safe for the baby, so when choosing it, it must be taken into account that the drug should be of more use than the intended harm;
- on crumbs medicines exert a greater influence than on mother.
The video tells how to treat bronchitis during pregnancy:
In the first days of the disease, pregnant women must comply with bed rest, drink plenty of warm drinks. They can be inhaled.
But it is worthwhile to clearly imagine that in the first trimester, and, more precisely, in its first month, all medications taken can affect the fetus toxic effects, so you should try to cure the disease folk remedies, natural decoctions and medicines or apply physiotherapy.
From the second trimester to relieve bronchospasm, you can use Ephedrine, Euphyllin or inhalation. To facilitate cough, secretion and sputum thinning medications are prescribed (Bromhexine, thermopysic mixtures). In the third trimester, medicines based on abroxol have already been approved.
In this case, the baby can refuse to eat, because he can not eat, when the mother has a persistent cough, it is dangerous that the child can choke. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct treatment on the basis of high-speed means that will not affect the eating of crumbs.
The video tells how to treat bronchitis with breastfeeding:
For faster recovery, several means should be used at the same time, however, how much is treated, the question is different:
- copious drink. It is necessary to drink as much chicken stock as possible, it is able to remove phlegm and cleanse the bronchi. It is necessary to brew breastfeeds collected from safe herbs;
- Inhalation with soda solution or boiled potatoes;
- draw a grid of iodine on the chest;
- to drink a safe cough remedy for herbs - Mukaltin;
- when dry cough use Lazolvan, Gedelix or Bronchicum;
- if there is a need, antibiotics compatible with lactation (macrolides or semi-synthetic penicillins) can be used;
- to make a therapeutic massage.
Elimination of the disease in a smoker
How to treat in this case? These people must first give up their addiction, and then seriously start treating their chronic illness. To successfully combat the disease, you must perform simple actions:
- constantly conduct a wet cleaning in the room, so that the dust does not settle on the bronchi;
- use anti-inflammatory and disinfectants in the form of sprays and rinses;
- Do inhalations with broths of herbs, as well as compresses and rubbing;
- to improve the withdrawal of phlegm use expectorant drugs;
- perform gymnastics to restore breathing and exercise;
- take advantage of folk remedies. Drink radish juice with honey, drink decoctions and infusions of healthy plants.
On video - than to treat chronic smoker's bronchitis:
The course of the disease with and without temperature
High temperature requires compliance with bed rest. It is necessary to drink antipyretics (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen or Aspirin), if it lasts more than one day, then you should start taking antibiotics. The patient should make alcohol or acetic rubbing, cold compresses, wipe his face with a damp cool napkin, do not forget to give him a warm drink.
When the temperature goes away, the patient's room must be well ventilated and moistened. Carry in it wet cleaning. Remove possible allergens (dust, soft toys, carpets and other similar things) from it. Bring the patient to fresh air, if he is still very weak, then at least on the balcony or porch of the house.
Treatment of bronchitis should be done in a timely manner so that the disease does not take an acute form or become chronic. You should consult a doctor - lung specialist and find out which means are more effective to take in your case. Each patient is treated with an individual approach, taking into account the characteristics of his body and the course of the disease. The recommendations and instructions should be strictly observed and carried out regularly.