Dermatitis is a serious disease of the skin. Experts agree that the disease must be treated in a comprehensive manner, so it is recommended to use several drugs at the same time. As a rule, the doctor will carefully examine the affected area, if necessary, assign tests and on the basis of the data obtained, select the correct treatment regimen. The article will talk about a disease such as dermatitis, its treatment with ointment and cream.
- Brief description of the disease
- Types of rashes and ways to treat them
- Allergic dermatitis
- Contact dermatitis - treatment, ointments
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Atopic dermatitis
- Non-hormonal and hormonal ointment
- Than it is possible to smear dermatitis at the child
Causes and symptoms of exfoliative dermatitis, treatment Effective methods of treating seborrheic dermatitis on the face Photo of atopic dermatitis in adults: diagnosis and treatment Photo of contact dermatitis: symptoms and treatment Seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp: what is it?
Brief description of the disease
Dermatitis is an inflammatory process on the skin. As a rule, it appears because of the influence of an aggressive environment. The disease is not life-threatening, but it spoils the aesthetic appearance of the skin and causes many unpleasant symptoms. Among the main features it is worth noting:
- itching and inflammation;
- small bubbles, inside of which there is liquid;
- appearance of coarsened crusts and their detachment from the base layer of the epithelium;
- the skin becomes thicker and acquires a dark pink hue.
It is important to remember that skin dermatitis is not transmitted from one person to another. There are several types of disease. All of them differ in the place of localization on the body, as well as in treatment. Given this point, below will be described drugs that effectively cope with the disease.
Types of rashes and ways to treat them
A lot of factors contribute to the development of dermatitis. Because of this, the disease manifests itself in different ways and appears on the hands, on the legs, head, etc. The main symptoms of manifestation are usually similar to each other, however, the therapy is different. The specialist will recommend how to treat the disease, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient, as well as the nature of the manifestation of the disease.
Diffuse neurodermatitis or allergic dermatitis is more common in preschool children. If it is not treated in time, the disease becomes chronic. The cause of the development of the disease is an overestimated sensitivity of the organism to various allergens, which are read about 3000. This pathology is transmitted genetically. An ailment can not be infected from a sick person, since it is not transmitted.
Treatment of the disease is complex. The main scheme of therapy necessarily includes topical preparations. As a rule, doctors recommend ointment for allergic dermatitis. The most popular and effective medicines are described below:
- Advantan, Elokom;
- Elidel, Fenistil;
- Topic, ointment with zinc;
- Kerotalan, Skin-up;
- Bepanten, Panthenol;
- Clotrimazole, Cureosin;
All ointments from dermatitis affect skin differently (they heal, soften, relieve inflammation). Drugs can be applied to any area of the skin, and even on the face. Do not engage in self-medication, as with poor-quality therapy, the disease will only worsen.
Contact dermatitis - treatment, ointments
Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that develops due to direct contact with the allergen or under the influence of aggressive chemicals. With the disease, the affected area turns red, swells, itches and hurts. If a person has found such unpleasant changes on his body, it is necessary to urgently appeal to a dermatologist. The doctor will examine the patient and prescribe to take tests that will help determine the causative agent of skin disease. Based on the findings, the doctor will select the best treatment regimen. As a rule, it is recommended to use local therapy (ointments, creams, gels). Depending on the nature of the rash, a specialist can prescribe different drugs. Below is a list of effective medications for contact dermatitis:
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin, which is accompanied by increased activity of the sebaceous glands. It is in this substance that various microorganisms develop rapidly, which also provoke unpleasant symptoms. Usually, the ailment appears on the back, face, chest and scalp. When the disease ointment from seborrheic dermatitis is simply necessary, because without it it will not be possible to achieve good results. Depending on the nature of the manifestation of the disease, the patient is selected therapy that allows to eliminate the rash.
If the scalp is affected, then it is recommended not to use ointment from seborrheic dermatitis, but curative shampoos. They include active components that can eliminate pathogens (ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione, cyclopyrox). To treat dermatitis on the face, you need to use special cosmetics, as well as an effective ointment for dermatitis on the face (Nizoral, Ketodin, Pimecrolimus, Elokom, Lamizil, Elidel, Tacolimus, Bifisam).
Atopic dermatitis or childhood eczema is a skin disease caused by allergens and toxins. As a rule, it appears in children at an early age, if it is not treated, then the ailment becomes chronic. It is always exacerbated in the spring and autumn, as well as in contact with allergens. Treatment of atopic rash is always performed in a complex way, as the preparations are aimed at restoring, hydrating and softening the skin, as well as eliminating the inflammatory process. Usually, dermatologists recommend an effective ointment from atopic dermatitis (all medications can be used from an early age, for children up to a year):
All medicines must be prescribed by a doctor. The specialist takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient, his age, and the complexity of the disease.
Non-hormonal and hormonal ointment
To treat any kind of dermatitis, doctors often recommend hormone therapy. It is prescribed in the event that non-hormonal ointments are not able to defeat the disease. However, this drug should be selected only by a doctor, since it has a lot of contraindications and side effects. Modern pharmacology produces hormonal drugs that have virtually no side effects, since they are not absorbed into the blood (their names are Advantan, Elokom). All such medications are effective, but they can not be used for a long time, as they are addictive. Among the common hormonal ointments and creams are in demand among consumers:
Than it is possible to smear dermatitis at the child
The skin of an infant is very sensitive to an aggressive environment, as well as internal malfunctions in the body. Dermatitis can appear on any part of the body. At the first rashes of an unpleasant disease, the crumb should be urgently shown to the pediatrician or dermatologist. The specialist will select a quality therapy that will help restore health. Typically, doctors recommend the following effective ointments and creams:
- Skin-cap anti-inflammatory ointment for children;
- Panthenol or Bepantel eliminates bacteria;
- Zinc ointment;
- Methyloracilone 10% ointment or Actovegin heals, formed wounds;
- Videstim or Radevit will not be allowed to form crusts;
- Sulfargin or Dermazin antiseptics.
Do not engage in self-medication and decide what is right for the child without the doctor's recommendations. The specialist makes all the appointments based on the results of the tests!