Endemic goitre of thyroid gland: treatment, prevention

Endemic goiter is an increase in the of the thyroid gland in residents of certain geographical areas. There is endemic goiter in the Caucasus, Chuvashia, the Baltic, Transbaikalia, in certain regions of Siberia and the Far East. Recently, a large number of patients began to appear in St. Petersburg and the surrounding area.

Here we will talk about the treatment and prevention of endemic goiter in the thyroid gland at home using folk remedies and in a hospital.



Causes of

If the normal weight of the thyroid gland in a healthy person is 35 grams, then when the thyroid is endemicstruma it increases up to 60 grams or more.

Endemic goiter most often affects children and adolescents under 15 years, then the frequency of the disease decreases. In men, endemic goiter occurs 5-7 times less frequently than in women.

The development of endemic goiter can be explained by iodine deficiency, which occurs in some areas of our country. A person gets iodine from food and water. If iodine is not enough in water and soil, then the body reacts to this by increasing( hyperplasia) of the thyroid gland. Especially rapidly develops goiter in areas where there is not enough iodine in the soil and water, but many salts of fluoride and calcium.

Symptoms of

If the endemic goiter of the thyroid gland does not reach a large size, then this process is not always accompanied by pathological changes in the body. With an increase in the appearance of toxicosis, as well as symptoms of compression of the trachea and larynx.

Patients usually complain of difficulty breathing, hoarseness, dry cough, asthma attacks( especially when the body position changes).Sometimes a breathless attack occurs at night and there may be a breathing disorder that threatens life( due to a fall in the tracheal wall).At this time there is shortness of breath, cyanosis( cyanosis) of mucous membranes, dry paroxysmal convulsive cough, tachycardia. All these phenomena resemble an attack of bronchial asthma and often even doctors do not always make the correct diagnosis.

When strangling the esophagus, goiter may cause a swallowing disorder.

When compressing the goiter with carotid arteries and jugular veins, there may be signs of circulatory disorders: patients complain of a sense of tension in the head when the torso is tilted and stress and blood flow in the veins of the neck are noted.

Large size zob can cause changes in the heart, it increases in size( the "goat heart") as a result of stagnation in the small circle of blood circulation caused by respiratory distress and compression of the deep vessels of the neck.

Thyroid types of thyroid

There are three types of goiter: euthyroid, hyperthyroid and hypothyroid. Each of these species has its own characteristics, but it should be noted that the euthyroid goiter is not accompanied by changes in the function of the thyroid gland.

There are mountain and plain species of goiter. At the first, the nodular forms of goiter with a tendency to hypothyroidism( nodular goiter) are more common. At the second - more often there are diffuse forms with a hyperthyroidism( a diffusive toxic struma).

When diagnosing a disease such as endemic goiter, factors such as endemic goiter at the place of permanent residence, an increase in the size of the thyroid gland and symptoms of toxicosis should be considered.

Prevention of

The most important preventive measures for endemic goiter are:

  1. addition of iodized salt( iodized salt contains 10 g of potassium iodide per 1 ton of salt);
  2. prevention in schools among children( children are given iodized candies, 1 candy contains 1-2 mg of potassium iodide);
  3. prohibition to sell ordinary( unidentified) salt in places where endemic goiter is distributed.

Treating endemic goiter with folk remedies

For goiter it is useful to wipe daily the neck and the goiter area of ​​ with raw oak bark powder or with fresh bark of .Necklace from the bark of oak can be tied to the neck and worn to reduce the size of goiter.

Chinese tea. Contains a large number of vitamins C and R. Vitamin P suppresses the function of the thyroid gland as it increases. Bulgarian folk medicine uses Chinese tea to treat thyrotoxicosis and goiter.

For the prevention of goiter( especially in families or areas unfavorable for goitre), it is recommended to have mature apples in large quantities and chokeberry( there are no plants with as high iodine content as chokeberry): 1 kg of mountain ash per 1 kg of sugar. Take 1 teaspoonful 3 times a day. The recipe is recommended by Tibetan medicine for goitre and atherosclerosis.

With an enlarged thyroid gland( goiter, thyrotoxicosis) grate on the grater lemons with skin, but without seeds, and oranges. Add sugar to taste. Take a mixture of 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.

Capers are spiny. In Central Asia and the Caucasus, the fruits of capers are treated with goiter. They are used both inside( with food) and externally - in the form of compresses from crushed fruits. The compress is placed on the neck area for 40 minutes an hour before bedtime.

Traditional medicine advises rubbing the goiter placenta. A fresh aftertaste has just been burned twice a week.

Patients suffering from thyroid diseases( goiter, Graves disease), folk medicine advises wearing a string of amber on the neck of the .

In goiter you should try to avoid neck tension, and women are advised to follow menstruation, as their impairment worsens the general condition of patients.

Prepare the collection :

  1. flax seeds - 60 g;
  2. brown algae - 60 g;
  3. grass sweet clover - 60 g;
  4. Veronica herb - 50.

Mix everything, grind it. A tablespoon of the collection pour a glass of boiling water, insist 1 hour, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.

The tactics of treating endemic goiter depend largely on the degree of enlargement of the thyroid gland and the state of its function. With a slight increase in the size of the gland( goiter of the first degree) is usually limited to the appointment of potassium iodide( necessarily intermittent course) and foods rich in iodine.

Treatment for endemic goiter with medicine

When thyroid function is reduced, synthetic analogues of thyroid hormones( levothyroxine, Eutirox) or combined drugs( Thyreotom) are administered, under the control of the thyroid hormone in the blood.

If the shape of the goiter is nodal, the nodes are large or fast-growing, leading to compression of the surrounding organs, surgical treatment of goiter is performed. After the operation thyroid hormones are prescribed for blocking the thyrotropin feedback mechanism and preventing goitre recurrence.

With endemic goiter, iodine mineral waters are useful.

The main resorts with iodine mineral waters are: Chartak, Nalchik, Seregovo, Shikhovo, Ust-Kachka, etc.

Video on topic

Endemic goiter: causes, symptoms, treatment

Endemic goiter: symptoms and treatment methods

Treating the thyroid gland with folk remedies: hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism

. Source: YNGorgov. Official and traditional medicine. The most detailed encyclopedia.- Moscow: Izd-vo Eksmo, 2012.