Many people think that coriander and coriander are different plants and are mistaken in this.
In fact, it is one and the same plant, but different parts of it, which smell differently.
Coriander is called seeds, and coriander is the greenery of the same plant Coriandrum sativum.
- The chemical composition of
- The medical properties of
- The healing properties of
- The use in cooking
- When to buy coriander and how to choose it
- To whom can not
Cinnamon and coriander are also called:
- by Chinese parsley,
- by chicken,
The plant combines spice( leaves) and spice( small seeds).
It is a relative of dill, cumin, fennel, anise.
Kinzu is bred in all corners of the planet, respecting it for its unique properties, taste and aroma, thanks to which it is successfully used in cooking, perfumery, cosmetology.
According to popular beliefs, planted at home coriander, it purifies the air, attracts money, and a tincture of coriander will charm the man.
Cilantro contains a huge amount of nutrients and valuable essential oils. The ripe fruit of a plant is valued for its unique characteristics.
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Seed contains from 0.7% to 1% of essential oil, containing linolaol( up to 70%) and geraniol( up to 5%).
In addition, the essential oil contains:
- decyl acid,
- fatty acid glycerides,
- vitamins A and C,
- organic acids,
To get 1 kg of essential oil take at least 100 kg of mature seeds. The oil has a familiar spicy aroma and a pleasant aftertaste.
In green shoots of plants and leaves are concentrated vitamins and microcells.
This is the vitamins of group B, K, A, PP, E. Minerals are represented by sodium, calcium, iodine, phosphorus.
There are many in coriander and potassium - a microelement, irreplaceable for the full work of the heart muscle. In the leaves of cilantro is rutin, carotene, ascorbic.
The healing properties of
Thanks to its healing properties, coriander became known from antiquity.
In China, the plant is harvested from the 4th-5th centuries, the Roman soldiers took their seeds with them on hikes, coriander seeds were found in the tomb of Pharaoh Ramses II.
In the Middle Ages, the leaves of cilantro recommended eating for the prevention of a terrible disease - typhus.
Since ancient times, the ability of coriander to excite appetite is appreciated.
Spice contributes to the rapid splitting of food and has a beneficial effect on the walls of the stomach, faster digestion of food.
Heavy food, it will be assimilated ten times better if coriander or coriander gets into it at the same time( therefore, in the Caucasus, a bunch of coriander on the table is mandatory during plentiful feasts).
And what do you know about the medicinal properties of black elderberry in cancer? Read in the current article, by clicking on the link.
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Fruits of cilantro have sweatshop and carminative properties. It is not superfluous to use spices for food with hemorrhoids.
In case of gastritis and ulcer , coriander produces an analgesic effect.
In cystitis, painful rapid urination, inflammation of the kidneys is a diuretic and choleretic action. Cilantro has bactericidal action.
Pathogens, which have a destructive effect of coriander oil, are more than 20 species, including E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella.
The most useful parts of the are leaves and seeds that contain the most valuable substances.
Coriander feeds blood , activates the work of the heart muscle, strengthens the walls of blood vessels.
Leaves and fruits improve cardiac and cerebral activity, are useful in depressed state and hysteria.
Coriander tincture helps treat:
- gum bleeding,
- normalizes blood glucose level,
- strengthens the eye muscles,
- improving visual acuity.
Seeds, if thoroughly chewed, eliminate the alcoholic odor from a person, and a little seeds in a pile of vodka will slow down the process of intoxication, making it easier at the same time and hangover.
Juice plants use for the treatment of stomatitis .
Doctors have long noticed the characteristic feature of cilantro beneficial for human skin:
- coriander helps in the treatment of youthful acne.
Has coriander and hemostatic, wound healing, choleretic, antiviral, antiseptic actions.
Coriander tea ( 1 teaspoon of seeds per one glass of boiling water) is effective in allergic reactions.
It will remove skin itching, dermatological manifestations and will remove toxins.
Infusion is effective for heartburn:
- relieves burning sensation in the stomach,
- eructation( about treatment with folk remedies is written in this article),
- has a healing effect on the mucous membrane.
Decoction improves digestion.
The tincture is used as a sedative and anticonvulsant.
Coriander is included in the collection of medicinal teas.
For the preparation of infusions and broths brew 10-30 g of seeds 1 liter.boiling water. Insist half an hour.
Essential oil coriander is used in aromatherapy, perfumery for making toilet waters, cosmetology.
However, the plant also has side effects:
Green coriander in large quantities sometimes leads to a malfunction of the menstrual cycle, provoking the development of pathologies of the female reproductive system.
- in some people with spice abuse may occur:
- sleep disruptions,
- impaired concentration,
- memory impairment.
Therefore, it is not recommended to eat more than 35 grams of leaflets or 4 grams of seeds a day.
Caloric content of coriander is slightly more than 200 kcal per 100 g of fresh greens.
Application in cooking
In different countries of the world, they prefer to use different parts of the plant in cooking.
Leaves are more often found on the table in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, seeds - in the Mediterranean, Uzbekistan, China.
This is a universal seasoning that will suit any dish and will work well with other spices:
- with white and black pepper( read what is cayenne pepper),
- celery( what is useful for men written here),
- cumin( useful properties and contraindications),
Fresh greenery of cilantro is the best addition to light summer vegetable salads.
Green coriander for soup is put in a bowl or only on the last minute of cooking.
It is used for making sandwiches, for decorating dishes.
But perebarschivat with coriander on the table is not necessary - spices have a very specific taste.and it may not all be to taste.
Celery greens are eaten just like that, wrapping in flat cakes or lavash.
Cilantro greens are dried to be used later as a spice, but still, more often in winter time, seeds are harvested for future use.
Spicy twigs of cilantro with a familiar whole scent, added to a meat or fish dish, transform the taste.
Sauces, snacks, marinades acquire a stunning flavor when adding this herb.
Seeds of the plant are used for the preparation of marinades. Meat in this marinade will last longer.
You can sprinkle the raw fillet with coriander seeds and vinegar and it will last longer, get the original spicy taste.
Coriander is also present in some sausages and cheeses.
Seeds are recommended to grind immediately before adding to the dish - raster in a mortar or a wooden rolling pin, so that the aroma is saturated.
Cooks use the seeds and baking:
- buns and muffins will be more fragrant then, if the dough add the coriander.
The famous Borodino bread is sprinkled with seeds from above.
In home cooking, coriander is added to gingerbread, biscuits, gingerbread, marzipans and much more.
Coriander improves the aroma and flavor of legume dishes. Vegetable Soup
puree pumpkin, carrot, mushrooms adding coriander acquire unexpected flavors.
Seeds are used for pickling cabbage and pickling cucumbers and mushrooms( especially in combination with cumin).
is impossible to imagine without spices such familiar Caucasian dishes like:
- Abkhaz adjika,
- Georgian satsebeli,
- lobio and other dishes.
Roots of cilantro, also fragrant - a common ingredient in Thai and Vietnamese cuisines.
Cilantro is added to curry and masala - it is an indispensable ingredient for preparing carrots in Korean and fish Xe.
From cilantro do and pesto, replacing the usual in this dish green basil.
- Take a one-pound bundle of spice, tear off the leaves and chop.
- Put the gruel into a mortar, add a little garlic and, if desired, nuts - you can have walnuts, almonds or cedar.
- Salt the dish, rastolkite all this together in puree.
Gradually pour in the olive oil, continuing to grind to the state of the paste.
At the end, add grated cheese, season with pepper to taste - pesto is ready.
It is added in soups, in vegetable dishes, pasta, mixed with fish and meat.
If the seeds are infused with alcohol, you will get a fragrant coriander tincture.
Alcoholic beverages are prepared using seeds or extracts from them.
Coriander oil is present in popular gin varieties, and the Germans have learned to cook even the most delicious coriander beer.
Coriander is a magnificent honeycomb .If you are a honey lover, be sure to try coriander honey.
When to buy and how to choose it
Season of greenery of cilantro - from June to early September, but the hothouse grows all year round.
Dry can be bought in supermarkets all year round.
When buying fresh herbs, choose fresh and strong plants.
Not suitable for cooking is sluggish, rotten greens, with yellow and black spots. Store
cilantro can frozen:
- cut into small pieces of herbs,
- tamp into plastic molds for ice,
- top fill olive oil,
- put in the freezer.
Cubes are used for cooking risotto, soups, vegetable dishes.
Who can not
There are no words, coriander has a lot of useful qualities, but there are contraindications.In any form you can not enjoy this spice during pregnancy - it will provoke miscarriage and premature birth.
Contraindicated in the grass and during breastfeeding.
Do not add the coriander in a food, the people, who have suffered:
Hypertension and coronary heart disease will also cause not to put this herb into your salad.
- myocardial infarction,
- patients suffering from thrombophlebitis.
About the curative properties of cilantro and coriander, look in the offer video.
- The medical properties of