Cataract is a serious ophthalmic disease, which consists in the clouding of the lens of the eye. As a result, visual acuity is reduced. Most often this disease affects older people, because the risk of its appearance increases with age. Cataracts can help cure the early stages of the disease. What is the cause of this ailment?
- Causes of cataracts
- Symptoms of cataract
- Treatment of the disease with medicinal products
- Contraindications for treatment with eye drops
- Names of preparations for the treatment of cataracts
- Replacement surgery with eye drops
- Conditions for storage of cataract preparations
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Causes of cataracts
Allocate such prerequisites, leading to the possibility of the appearance of the disease:
- diabetes mellitus and other diseases of the thyroid gland;
- alcohol abuse, smoking;
- getting injuries and burns in the visual apparatus;
- prolonged exposure to direct sunlight on the retina of the eye;
- exfoliation of the retina;
- intoxication of the body with harmful substances;
- Skin diseases such as psoriasis and eczema;
- high degree of myopia;
- work related to the risk of exposure.
It is important to know!From a young age, you should wear sunglasses in clear weather! This will help reduce the future risk of cataracts.
Symptoms of cataract
It is not difficult to detect a disease. Many of the signs manifest themselves quite quickly. Among them we can distinguish:
- bifurcation of the picture in case one eye is closed;
- fuzziness of visible objects;
- visibility of glare at night;
- colors are perceived more pale;
- short-term vision improvement.
Important!The appearance of at least one of the listed signs is an occasion to visit an ophthalmologist!
Treatment of the disease with medicinal products
Cataract drops are prescribed in cases where the operation is not possible. This method remains the only possible way to combat the disease. The process of treatment with drops takes a long time, because cataract is chronic.
The list of modern drugs has virtually no side effects, so they are suitable for long-term treatment. The main criteria for the selection of certain drops are their price, effectiveness, as well as individual intolerance to certain constituents of the drug. What are the best choices to choose a specialist.
Important!Want to know about cataract treatment with drugs without surgery? See here.
Contraindications for treatment with eye drops
The main contraindication of the use of drops for the treatment of cataracts is the individual intolerance of the organism to certain components of the drug. As a result, a strong allergic reaction, most often local, may occur. Around the eyes there are reddening, accompanied by severe itching or burning. During this period, the tear duct is activated.
The speed of the allergic reaction depends on the number of drops injected into the eyes. Also, the use of drugs for the treatment of children is prohibited.
Important to remember!Women during pregnancy should refrain from the use of drops for the eyes! This can adversely affect the fetal development of the fetus.
Names of preparations for the treatment of cataracts
Modern drugs contribute to slowing the development of cataracts and stopping it. There are many drugs that can be used to fight the disease. These are:
This drug has a complex stabilizing effect. Beneficial effect on the regeneration of the lens. Active components contribute to the expansion of blood vessels, which ensures a normal blood supply to the tissues of the eye. Due to the stimulation of intraocular fluid production, its active circulation is active. The price for this drug is about 270 r. in Russia and about 80 UAH. in Ukraine.
A drug containing in its composition nicotinic acid, calcium and magnesium chlorides. Thanks to this, the drops improve the cellular nutrition and blood flow of the lens tissue, activates its regeneration. Vitafakol also prevents the deposition of protein compounds, which contribute to the clouding of the lens. Such eye drops are very suitable for the prevention of cataracts. The cost of this drug for Russia is about 260 rubles, and for Ukrainian consumers - 60 UAH.
An ophthalmic solution that is used not only to get rid of cataract and glaucoma, but also many other diseases of the visual apparatus. Normalizes the process of metabolism, improves the functioning of cells. Provides regeneration of tissues. The course of treatment is about 3 months. Taufon is an expensive medicine. You can buy it in Russia at a price of 1400 rubles. Ukrainian pharmacies are released for about 350 UAH.
A special feature of this drug is the ability to eliminate protein compounds that cause clouding of the lens. Additional components have antibacterial action. Such a medicine is well suited for the prevention of cataract formation, a long period can be used. The price for Quinaks for Russia varies within 270 UAH. Ukrainian cost - about 80 UAH.
These drops can be used to avoid the disease. The active substances contained in SunCatalin block the formation of protein compounds. You can use these eye drops after the operation. Sold in the form of a vial, in which the tablets should be dissolved. The price of this drug is about 300 r. in Russia and 90 UAH. for Ukraine.
Important to remember!Drugs can only be prescribed by a specialist! Independently to choose a way of treatment and a dosage it is dangerous for the subsequent development of a cataract.
Replacement surgery with eye drops
As a rule, drugs are prescribed for the treatment of cataracts in the early stages. During this period, the development of the disease is quite easy to slow down. But their use must be permanent, because cataracts are a chronic disease. Long breaks can not be done, as the disease begins to progress with renewed vigor.
Important to remember!The use of eye drops will not replace surgery! After all, this is the only effective way to completely get rid of cataracts.
Conditions for storage of cataract preparations
Drops from this disease require specific storage conditions, like any other medications. Otherwise, they not only lose their healing properties, but they can also damage at the time of their use.
An obligatory factor is the finding of the drug in the required temperature regime. It should be no higher than 25C. Also cataract medications react poorly to high humidity and direct sunlight on the bottle. And, of course, keep it in a place inaccessible to children.
As for the storage period, the packed packaging can be stored for 2 to 4 years, depending on the instructions in the manual. If the vial is already open, in this form, it takes no more than 30 days.
When treating cataracts it is very important to follow a balanced diet, get rid of bad habits, avoid direct sunlight on the lens. And what better drugs are suitable for fighting the disease, tell the doctor - an ophthalmologist after a detailed examination of the patient.