Peppermint is a herbaceous plant, belongs to the family.
The plant was obtained by hybridization of wild mint species - aquatic and garden varieties.
Peppermint is a perennial plant with a stem height of 100 centimeters.
- Chemical composition of mint
- Useful properties of
- Use in cosmetology / a & gt;
- Contraindications to application
- How to collect
- Popular recipes
The flowering period falls on the end of June - the beginning of September.
In Russia, mint is grown on an industrial scale in the Krasnodar Territory and the Voronezh Region.
Peppermint has found application in:
The plant has established itself as a good helper for:
- cold and other diseases.
Chemical composition of mint
The plant is easy to recognize among other medicinal herbs, as it has a specific menthol flavor.
The smell of peppermint can not be confused with other smells. The composition of the herb contains the following substances:
- Flavonoids are elements that improve vascular permeability, making them more elastic.
They have antioxidant and anticarcinogenic characteristics.
- Menthol is a valuable element that gives the mint a bitter taste and a specific flavor.
- Vitamins of group A, B, C.
Vitamin A protects the body from unhealthy cells or free radicals, participates in exchange-oxidative reactions.
Vitamin C improves skin, hair and nails, it affects all important body systems.
The lack of vitamin C leads to a significant decrease in immunity.
Vitamin B takes part in the metabolism.
It prevents cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary for people under stressful situations and considerable mental loads.
- Tannins are active organic compounds or tannins.
They help in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Astringent properties of tannins stop bleeding.
Tannins treat intestinal disorders, cuts, abrasions, burns.
Tannins help to rejuvenate the body.
- Essential oils.
- Beta-carotene - a useful element that strengthens human immunity, reduces the development of infectious diseases.
It stimulates the growth of healthy cells, improves eyesight, strengthens the skin( the use of apricot kernel oil for the face), nails( how to do a manicure at home on short nails and see the photo written here) and hair.
The lack of provitamin A in the body leads to poor eyesight, brittle hair and nails, dandruff, frequent viral infections.
- Acids - folic, acetic, valerian, etc.
- Mineral elements: potassium, calcium, copper, magnesium.
Without potassium, the functioning of the heart muscle and the entire cardiovascular system is impossible.
- Potassium is necessary for normal kidney function, regulates heart rhythm and increases the endurance of the body.
- Calcium forms healthy bones and teeth, regulates blood pressure and cholesterol.
It is necessary for normal blood clotting.
- Copper is a mineral element that participates in the growth and development of cells, forms proteins and other enzymes.
It supplies the cells of the body with the substances necessary for normal metabolism.
- Magnesium is important for the work of the heart .
It supports the immune system, dilates the vessels.
This element is necessary for the healthy functioning of the nervous system, preventing the development of stress.
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Useful properties of
1. Peppermint is an antibiotic of plant origin.
The plant stops the growth of bacteria, Escherichia coli and some fungi.
Due to these properties, peppermint is used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases - sore throats, pharyngitis, laryngitis( about treatment in children up to a year is written in this article), bronchitis.
2. The plant improves blood supply, so the plant is used in the treatment of migraines and headaches.
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3. Medicinal herb lowers blood pressure, infusions and decoctions of peppermint are recommended to hypertensive patients.
4. Peppermint calms the nervous system.
It must be taken under stress, during difficult life situations.
The plant copes well with insomnia.
5. Medicinal herb helps to regulate the digestive system.
Peppermint relieves heartburn.
Treats constipation, diarrhea, cures gas, increases appetite and has choleretic effect.
6. Decoctions - relieve inflammation of the bladder.
7. The plant has an antiemetic effect. Helps with nausea.
8. Mint is used to care for the oral cavity.
Decoctions and infusions from the plant help with painful gums, heal small wounds in the mouth.
Use in cosmetology
Peppermint has softening and moisturizing properties.
The plant helps to improve the appearance of any woman.
To get rid of dandruff and strengthen hair, rinse your head with water and a few drops of menthol oil.
For moisturizing and tightening the skin, use a special scrub:
- mix in equal proportions coconut oil,
- mint oil,
Apply on problem skin, then rinse with water.
Lotion on the basis of peppermint cleanses the face, relieves fat and rashes, kills many bacteria.
For a rejuvenating effect, use the following mask:
- take a large spoonful of fresh mint leaves,
- add five grams of dry chamomile,
- one egg,
- a spoonful of honey.
Mix the ingredients and apply on face for 15 minutes, then rinse.
Make a mask once a week.
Contraindications to the use of
Before using peppermint, it is worth familiar with a number of limitations.
The plant contains a lot of essential oils, so people prone to allergies should use caution peppermint.
Medicinal plant should not be used by children under five years of age.
Mint tea lowers blood pressure, so it is not recommended to take hypotension.
Peppermint affects lactation, reduces the amount of breast milk and affects its taste.
Before eating a plant during pregnancy, consult a doctor.
The plant is contraindicated in varicose veins, since mint dilates the vessels.
Peppermint reduces the production of the male hormone - testosterone, so men are not recommended to abuse mint teas and drinks.
It is worth remembering that prolonged application of the plant can affect the work of the heart, liver, kidneys and adversely affect the activity of the whole organism.
How to collect
Peppermint is harvested at the beginning of flowering: in June - July.
The plant is cut with a knife or scissors.
Mint should be dried in the shade.
To do this, cut the plant in a thin layer on a light flat surface.
Do not forget to turn the peppermint occasionally.
Dried peppermint can be stored in a glass sealed jar or in cotton bags.
Take a large spoonful of dry peppermint, fill it with half a liter of water.
Put the mixture on a stove, bring to a boil and cook for ten minutes. Allow to stand for a quarter of an hour, strain.
Drink a drink three times a day. The dosage is 100-150 grams. On request, you can add honey, sugar, lemon.
For the preparation of the infusion it is necessary to take a teaspoon of peppermint, pour it with two hundred milliliters of boiling water and let it brew for twenty minutes.
Strain, add honey or sugar to taste.
This infusion is great for insomnia, stressful situations. It removes the headache and cramps in the abdomen.
This drink is good to drink in the hot season, it tones up and has a refreshing effect.
- Take a small handful of fresh peppermint,
- pour a liter of boiling water,
- let it brew for 10 to 15 minutes.
Before drinking tea must be filtered. You can add honey. Fresh mint can be replaced with a handful of dry leaves.
Tea is prepared in glass or ceramic dishes.
If desired, you can add a few sheets of peppermint into a glass of ordinary black tea.
To improve the taste, add honey, sugar or lemon. This drink will improve intestinal motility.
Peppermint is a useful medicinal plant .
It has a toning effect, helps in the fight against inflammatory diseases, hypertension, migraine.
Peppermint improves the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
The author of the video story will tell you about the properties and contra-indications of essential oil from peppermint.