Varicose veins - this is one of the most common pathologies, in which there is an expansion of the diameter of the lumen of the vein and the thinning of its walls, resulting in "nodes" that are aneurysm-like local extensions.
- Symptoms and signs of pathology
- Causes of the disease
- Varicose veins in pregnant women
- Treatment of varicose veins at home
- Decoction of hop cones
- Mixture of garlic and honey
- Cabbage in the treatment of venereal diseases
- Treatment of varicose veins with medications
- Prevention of varicose veins on the legs
- Diet for varicose veins
- Exercises for varicose veins
Correctly choose compression underwear for varicose veins Correct treatment of varicose veins in women We get rid of varicose at home Correctly choose ointment from varicose veins on the legs The doctor treating varicose veins: to itself to address?
The disease occurs when the venous valves do not perform their functions or are completely absent. When the valves stop functioning, the blood begins to flow through the veins in the opposite direction, gradually accumulating in the lower limbs. As a result of these pathological processes, the vein changes its normal form, after which various complications begin.
Varicose veins are a fairly common disease. According to statistics, it is available in 1/3 of the world's population. Therefore, if a patient is diagnosed with varicose veins on his / her feet, that this does not raise questions. Half of the patients at the first stage do not even suspect they have a problem.
Varicose veins in men on the legs are 3 times less common than for varicose veins in women. And older women get sick more often. At the age of 25 years, only 8% of women suffer from varicose veins, while in patients older than 55 years, the disease is diagnosed in 65% of cases.
Symptoms and signs of pathology
Symptoms of the disease may vary significantly depending on its stage. So, at the initial stage it can be asymptomatic. Sometimes the enlarged veins are visible to the naked eye, but there are no symptoms at all. With varicose veins, part of the patients are always protruding, and some of them become visible only after performing serious physical exertion. Many people notice signs of varicose veins after they spent the whole day on their feet in hot weather.
Note!If you find yourself having thickened veins with knotty extensions, if they swell, when standing and tapering, when lying down in a horizontal position, then, most likely, it is varicose veins on the legs.
The symptoms of varicose veins include swelling of the legs, which occurs when a person is sitting, standing or doing physical exertion. In this case, puffiness usually disappears immediately, as soon as the patient assumes a prone position.
Another sign of the disease are pigmented patches of skin from the inside of the shin. The skin in this place acquires a painful sheen, the hair in this area almost always falls out.
Chronic fatigue, heaviness and burning sensation are also characteristic features. Some people have pain with varicose veins and convulsions. In this case, patients are shown to wear stockings from varicose veins.
Causes of the disease
As a rule, varicose veins occur in people who, due to the profession, are forced to stand for a long time, for example, teachers, hairdressers, cooks. It is important to understand that varicose veins are not only an aesthetic defect that afflicts many of the fair sex.
Varicose veins are a pathology that develops for a long time. And it happens under the influence of various unfavorable factors.
Among the main causes of the disease, physicians distinguish:
- excess body weight;
- disorders of the digestive tract, frequent constipation;
- flat feet;
- weakening the tone of muscle fibers as a result of a sedentary lifestyle;
- large physical exertion;
- lifting weights;
- constant muscle tension of the legs.
In this case, the main reason for the development of pathology, doctors who treat varicose, consider excess weight. It creates a strong strain on the legs, as a result of which the blood circulation deteriorates.
Varicose veins can also cause inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs in women, endocrine disorders, prolonged stress, toxin poisoning, genetic factor.
Unfortunately, congenital abnormalities of valvular valves are transmitted from the parent to the child in 70% of cases. If one of the parents has varicose veins, the child can get sick at the earliest age.
Note!Presence of a predisposition to varicose does not mean 100%, that the person will develop this disease. Pathology can occur only if there are accompanying adverse factors.
Varicose veins in pregnant women
Many women in the situation face such a problem as varicose veins. They feel constant fatigue, their legs swell and hurt. According to statistics, circulatory disturbances in the period of gestation are developing in 20-40% of patients.
The first symptoms of pathology in 20-30% of women occur during the first pregnancy and 40-60% during the second. After 3 births, the risk of developing pathology increases by 80%. In this case, most often with varicose veins, women who have a predisposition to this disease. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that pregnant women should not take pills from varicose veins. In this case, the doctor can recommend only proper nutrition and tights from varicose veins.
Treatment of varicose veins at home
Faced with this disease, patients understand that treatment will be long, and the first thing that begins to interest them is the question: "Varicose on the legs: how to treat yourself?".
To begin with, it is necessary to answer the question, but is it possible at all to self-medicate with such a serious illness? After all, this is a serious pathology, at the first signs of which it is recommended to consult a doctor. Only a doctor can correctly determine the stage of the disease and appoint the most effective treatment, will help select golfs from varicose veins.
However, in some cases, doctors even recommend themselves to treat the disease at home. These activities should include the conduct of therapeutic exercises, the use of various ointments and tinctures. In addition, it is strongly recommended to use compression underwear for varicose veins.
In order to remove the unpleasant symptoms of the disease, you can wipe the affected areas with ice cubes daily or make cold ice baths for 5-10 minutes. After that, it is recommended to lie down for 10 minutes, lifting your legs above the body. A great benefit is massage with varicose veins. It improves the venous circulation.
In addition, you can use the following recipes.
Decoction of hop cones
To make a medicine pour 1 tbsp. l. cones of hops with a glass of boiling water and let it brew in a warm place for 20 minutes. This remedy for varicose must be drunk every morning 30 minutes before eating.
Mixture of garlic and honey
To make the mixture, crush 250 g of garlic with 400 g of honey and leave it infused for 2 weeks. This mixture should be consumed 2 times a day for 30 minutes before eating 1 tbsp. l.
Cabbage in the treatment of venereal diseases
To heal varicose veins, spread the cabbage leaf with honey and attach it to the sore spots, wrap all the food film and leave for 2-3 hours. This procedure should be done regularly 1-2 times a week.
Note!All patients with varicose veins should be under the supervision of a phlebologist. Folk remedies for treating varicose can help prevent the disease or alleviate its symptoms. In advanced cases, varicose veins are treated with medicated preparations.
Treatment of varicose veins with medications
Drug therapy is an important component in the treatment of varicose veins, especially in severe form. Properly selected medications significantly reduce the risk of occurrence in patients of such complications as pulmonary thromboembolism, varicose eczema, thrombophlebitis.
Usually their action is aimed at diluting the blood, improving blood circulation, eliminating swelling and pain.
In addition, medications help to solve the following problems:
- improvement of the tone of the veins (phlebodia, rutozide, ginkor-forte, vasocet, escus, etc.);
- improvement of lymph drainage (drugs listed above + troxerutin and enzyme treatment);
- improvement of blood circulation (drugs listed above + agapurin, aspirin, thrombophot);
- elimination of inflammatory processes (phlebodia, rutin, gliwenol, diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen, aspirin, corticosteroids).
These drugs will not only relieve the patient of unpleasant symptoms, but also with regular application will completely cure the disease.
Note!Prescribe drugs for the treatment of varicose veins only after careful examination!
Prevention of varicose veins on the legs
As for the prevention of disease, it is recommended to avoid heavy loads on the legs, during sitting, you need to change the postures as often as possible. In addition, you need to perform light exercises, such as walking on socks, walking on stairs, running 2-3 km a day, cycling. Women are not recommended to often wear heels, whose height exceeds 4-6 cm, tight jeans and pantyhose, which can worsen blood circulation in the veins of the legs.
Note!The best prevention of this pathology is an attentive attitude towards your body. When the first symptoms appear, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible and begin treatment.
Only a phlebologist can adequately assess the condition of your veins and determine the stages of varicose veins. Paying attention to the disease in the early stages, the doctor will prescribe you treatment for varicose veins without surgery.
Diet for varicose veins
How to get rid of varicose veins with a diet? Phlebologists say that eating a certain foods a person can, how to improve their condition, and aggravate the course of the disease.
With varicose veins, doctors recommend eating as much as possible products that dilute the blood. These include currants, garlic, onions, olive oil, cherries. If you have the opportunity, eat these foods every day. In the preparation of food is recommended to use such condiments as cinnamon and ginger.
However, proper nutrition with varicose veins does not guarantee that you will completely get rid of the disease. In addition to proper nutrition, you need to perform light physical exercises with varicose veins. They will contribute to weight loss. After all, varicosity, as a rule, occurs in people with excessive body weight. The diet should be selected together with the attending physician. Ideally, it will help strengthen the walls of blood vessels, dilute blood and lose weight.
Exercises for varicose veins
No matter how modern and good nebyl medicines they can never normalize the pressure in the lower limbs. In this case, only exercises from varicose can help.
Note!Before performing exercises from varicose veins, experts recommend putting your feet on the pillow and lying down for 5-10 minutes. This is done to normalize blood circulation.
- A bike. Lie down on the floor, tightly pressing his back and waist, and begin to rotate the pedals in the air. The speed of the exercise you choose, however, overexertion is not recommended.
- Vertical Scissors. Lay down on the floor and stretch your arms along the body. Cross the legs during exercise. Try not to let your breath get out at this moment. You can choose the pace of the exercise yourself.
- Exercise for the lower part of the legs with varicose veins. Rotate the feet in different directions, bend and unbend them. You can twist them clockwise, and then - against, then up and down. This exercise can be done with each leg separately, or two at a time. The advantage of this exercise is that it can be performed during working hours, under the table having removed the shoes before it.
- Semi-press. Lie down on the floor, put your hands behind your head, bend your knees. On inhaling, try to raise your torso as high as possible, and in the exhalation take the initial position. This exercise should be repeated 5-10 times, depending on fatigue.
- Bow. Lie on your stomach, stretching your arms along the trunk. Try to lift the chest and legs at the same time. Perform the exercise 10-15 times.
After doing this exercise, we recommend using a contrast shower.
Note!Exercises for varicose veins will only benefit if they are performed regularly, combined with the application of traditional medicine recipes and medications.
Varicosity is a serious disease that requires complex and lengthy treatment. Therefore, it is better to prevent it than to treat it.