Allergies are always a dangerous ailment. The child is in the group of special attention, because the young, unformed organism is incredibly susceptible to various types of infections. Maternal immunity no longer protects, and its not yet strengthened - the situation is hopeless. Any disease instantly knocks down. Therefore, drops from allergies for children are a real salvation. They need to learn how to choose. This is the subject of the article.
- Side Effects of Children's Drugs
- First generation
- The second generation
- Third and fourth generation
- The most effective drugs - by age category
- Drops for children up to a year for ingestion
- Drops for children 2 years and older
- Medications for children 5 years and older
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Not all "adult" drugs are allowed to the child. Most contain substances that are contraindicated to the child's body. We need a more accurate approach, and at the same time - quite effective.
For the treatment of allergic processes it is necessary to stop the production of a special substance - histamine. One should not allow its large presence in the blood. The consequence is anaphylactic shock: pressure drops dramatically, nausea starts, in frequent cases - vomiting. It is necessary to call an ambulance, otherwise everything will end in a lethal outcome.
Children are especially susceptible to allergies. Sometimes the genetic predisposition is affected. If one of the parents, for example, has intolerance to certain foods, fifty percent of the fact that the child will also have this kind of allergy.
The best kind of children's medicines is a drop against allergies to the eyes and nose. This is explained by the fact that it is much easier for young children to remove a layer of ointment on the skin than to do the same with another kind of medication.
Important!The final decision regarding the taking of drugs is the right to take only a qualified doctor. Do not be tempted to persuade someone who knows all the neighbors and advertisements on TV. Treatment depends on the individual characteristics of each individual child.
Side Effects of Children's Drugs
In the treatment of allergic reactions, antihistamines are used. They eliminate the slightest signs of ailment:
- edema mucous, with cold allergies - hands and fingers;
- catarrhal symptoms - cough, tear, nasal congestion;
- other respiratory problems, including dyspnea;
- irritation, roughness of the affected skin.
Antihistamines are divided into four generations. This is especially important in determining possible side effects.
The first generation is the most outdated. It has the following negative characteristics:
- reduces concentration. Consequences: problems in school lessons, lack of proper attention in other life situations;
- short duration of action, as well as inhibition. Antihistamines of the first generation act slowly, require constant repetition, increasing the dose;
- memory impairment;
- the emergence of addiction - the medicine needs to be replaced with a stronger one.
However, medicines of this category are able to help children with respiratory diseases. For children under one year, these medications do not exactly fit, they cause unnatural sleep - this is contraindicated at such a young age.
The second generation
The indicators, in comparison with the previous generation, have somewhat improved. However, bad consequences are still present:
- exacerbation, intensity of headaches;
- high fatigue.
Third and fourth generation
Negative characteristics are practically nonexistent, but preparations of these categories should still be approached with caution. The third generation is most commonly used in treatment. Such funds from allergies in drops instantly affect the body.
The most effective drugs - by age category
What are the best allergy drops? Only the doctor can answer this question correctly. A selection of medicines below will help you think about what medicines you should not take for sure, but about which ones you can consult.
Drops for children up to a year for ingestion
From birth it is allowed to apply Zodak. Well assisted with seasonal reactions, are literally salvation in children's conjunctivitis. In the first months of life, apply the medicine in small portions - a few drops twice a day.
From the month you can apply Fenistil. It removes such a manifestation of allergies, like cold symptoms. Do not be scared if the result of the child is not visible immediately - finally the effect becomes noticeable until half an hour after application. The instruction will tell you in more detail.
After six months, use Zirtek. It successfully eliminates the itching, which gives so much trouble to the child. It also helps relieve pain and skin irritation. Carefully make a purchase: the pharmacist will offer you pills or drops. The first species is more common, but insist on the second. The child is easier to take the medicine in this form.
Drops for children 2 years and older
From this age the child can take drops not only in the form of drops, but also in the form of a spray - in the nose. As an example - Avamis. It is used for allergic rhinitis, so be sure to consult with your doctor about the exact diagnosis of your baby.
Prevalin is more often used in the treatment (removal of the main symptoms of allergies - sneezing, itching, pain, burning, tearing), but it can be useful for preventive measures. You should know more with your doctor.
Medications for children 5 years and older
Kromogeksal - in the form of a spray, and also release eye drops from allergies. It can be addictive, so use it carefully. In addition to learning the instructions, consult the doctor in addition. He will tell you what medicines you can go to, and also the dosage in which you need to take the medicine.
Do not forget to show your child to the doctor in time - this will prevent the occurrence of diseases. As you know, intolerance of certain substances does not occur on an equal footing - other infections that have a special effect on the children's body are responsible. Care for the integrity of the immune system is necessary from the very beginning, accustoming to a healthy lifestyle not only themselves, but also the child - from the first months of life. Good luck in dealing with allergies!