- Where does the bitterness come from?
- Causes of bitter taste in the mouth
- How to eliminate bitter taste in your mouth and nausea folk remedies
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There is bitterness in the mouth and nausea as a result of casting bile into the esophageal tube. Often, these symptoms are disturbed after awakening or eating. They appear because of many factors.
The cause of bitter taste in the mouth and nausea can be suggested for additional symptoms, for example, dryness of the oral mucosa, vomiting, tongue on tongue, and fever. Constant bitterness in the mouth is a sign of dysfunction of the liver, stomach, gall bladder or intestine.
Where does the bitterness come from?
Bitterness in the mouth and nausea manifests an organic pathology, as a result of which bile penetrates into the overlying parts of the gastrointestinal tract (hereinafter - the gastrointestinal tract) or is a consequence of an improper diet, the use of certain foods and medicines.
Bile is 98% water, the rest are organic substances that are necessary for the breakdown of fats, and they also affect the activity of substances produced by the pancreas. In addition, bile regulates intestinal motility and is responsible for its secretory function.
Thanks to it, inactivation of pepsin and decrease in acidity of gastric juice entering the duodenum takes place. Hepatic secret also has a bactericidal effect: it prevents the development of putrefactive bacteria in the intestines.
The bile produced by the liver drains into the gallbladder. Hepatic bile is a light yellow color, its pH is 7.3-8, and the cystic bile is dark brown with a pH of 6-7 (due to absorption of hydrocarbonates). The active components in the gallbladder are several times higher than in the bile, which is still in the gland.
Normally, during the chemical and physical stimulation of the stomach tissue, bile is released into the intestine and stimulates the movement of the intestine, the production of intestinal juice, activates the enzymes of the pancreas.
If the intestine does not contract (and, therefore, stagnation of its contents occurs), or the gatekeeper is unable to prevent reflux, the bile enters the esophagus, and then it appears in the throat, which is perceived as a bitter taste and eructation.
Causes of bitter taste in the mouth
Casting the contents of the intestine into the upper GI tract can occur for several reasons. Often the bitterness in the mouth occurs when the following pathologies are:
- violation of the motility of the bile duct. The weakening of the contraction leads to the fact that the outflow of bile is broken and the secret stagnates in the gallbladder;
- cholecystitis. With inflammation, the ducts are relaxed, which causes bile to stagnate, it concentrates, which leads to the formation of bile calculi;
- liver disease (hepatosis, hepatitis, cirrhosis);
- cholelithiasis. During movement, concrements in the gallbladder provoke the strongest pains (colic) that appear when the neck of the bladder is clamped, the biliary tract is blocked, and the tissue traumatized.
What exactly became the cause of bitterness in the mouth and severe nausea can only be determined after a complete examination of the bile ducts
What exactly caused the bitterness in the mouth and nausea can be assumed in the presence of additional symptoms:
- increased body temperature, severe cramping pain under the right ribs, symptoms of poisoning and muscle pain indicate the development of acute cholecystitis;
- stupid, not regularly arising pains in the right hypochondrium and upset of the stool can occur with chronic cholecystitis;
- severe pain with clear localization, fever, and sometimes yellowing of the skin or sclera are characteristic of gallbladder movement;
- the smack of metal, blurred drawing pains and heaviness in the liver region occurs when the bile ducts are blocked or squashed (neoplasm, stones);
- inflammation or degeneration of liver cells is associated with yellow skin, bitterness in the mouth, light feces and dark urine;
- bitter, dry mouth and nausea may be due to hepatic insufficiency, drug overdose or the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Promoting food triggers the ejection of concentrated bile from the gallbladder. If there is a digestive disorder, this does not happen. If the contents of the stomach penetrated the 12-colon, but there is no secret, the digestive process slows down and rotting and fermentation begins in the intestines, which causes bloating and nausea.
As a rule, choleretic preparations fully cope with the disease, but it is likely that gall bladder removal (cholecystectomy) will be necessary. Bitterness in the mouth also occurs with dysfunction of the digestive tract. So, the symptom happens with the following pathologies:
- with worsening of gastric motility;
- increased acidity (hyperacid gastritis);
- gastritis or an ulcer;
- bowel spasm;
Inflammation causes a violation of the secretion of gastric or intestinal juice, which contributes to normal digestion, leads to motor and suction disorders. With uneven or insufficient separation of bile into the bowel, a complete cleavage of the substances is impossible.
To bitterness in the mouth and nausea are added and other dyspeptic symptoms: flatulence, diarrhea, anorexia, bitter eructations
Against the background of gastritis or peptic ulcer develop duodenal gastric reflux, because of which the alkaline contents of the intestine penetrates into the stomach and neutralizes the acidic environment. Pathology can also occur if the tone of the sphincter of the stomach, the diaphragmatic hernia, the high pressure in the small intestine (cholecystitis, pancreatitis, Botkin's disease), as a result of surgery or changes in the concentration of bile acids, enzymes.
With duodenal gastric reflux, the following symptoms occur:
- pain in the abdomen after eating;
- severe heartburn;
- yellow coating on the tongue;
- seizures and redness in the corners of the lips;
- dry hair and nails;
- smell from the mouth.
In gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastric or duodenal contents regularly enter the esophageal tube. GERD is a frequent disease of the digestive system, leading to many complications (Barrett's esophagus formation, cancer). Developed pathology as a result of sphincter deficiency of the esophagus.
Normally, the sphincter between the esophageal tube and the stomach is closed and prevents the food from moving in the opposite direction. With insufficiency, the sphincter is always open and after reflux of the stomach, reflux is noted. Aggressive environment destroys the esophagus mucosa and leads to tissue degeneration or manifestations.
In addition to bitter or sour eructations in the disease, nausea and vomiting, swallowing disorder, chest pain, increased salivation in the sleep, a change in the voice, an unpleasant odor upon exhalation may occur. Bitterness and heartburn often intensifies if the esophagus and stomach are at the same level, and also when overeating.
In diseases of the digestive system, bitterness in the mouth and nausea become a consequence of a primary disease, and to detect and cure it it will be necessary to perform gastroscopy of the digestive system. The occurrence of bitterness in the mouth in some cases is due to a change in the hormonal background.
Reflux may also appear in the absence of pathology, for example, with inclinations, but if belching and heartburn occurs more than 2 times a week, it can be assumed that GERD
A change in the concentration of adrenaline and norepinephrine leads to spasm of the bile ducts, which entails a stagnation of secretion. Weakness, nausea and bitter taste in the mouth is a sign of many endocrine diseases.
Thus, lack of appetite, lethargy and chilliness often occur when the thyroid gland is disturbed (hypothyroidism). Bitter taste in the mouth and dryness, nausea, which does not pass for a long time, can appear with hypoglycemia, that is, a very low concentration of sugar in the blood, which is due to liver damage.
During the gestation of the child in the female body, the hormonal background changes, and in later terms the grown-up kid presses on the neighboring organs, because of what they shift and do not perform their functions completely.
To bitterness in the mouth can lead and factors not associated with organic lesions of the digestive system, for example:
- the use of certain products (sea buckthorn oil, pine nuts, St. John's wort, alcohol);
- taking medications (antibiotics, antidiabetics, antihistamines or anti-inflammatory drugs);
- malnutrition or, conversely, overeating;
- Diseases of the oral cavity (stomatitis, glossitis, reaction to the material of the filling, prosthesis).
Overflow of the stomach leads to an increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity, which causes reflux, hence, nausea and bitterness in the mouth. If the symptoms are provoked by inorganic pathology, it is sufficient to eliminate the negative factor in order to eliminate them.
There may be bitterness in the mouth and during pregnancy
How to eliminate bitter taste in your mouth and nausea folk remedies
The doctor should treat the disease, but if the symptom appears rarely and is not accompanied by an additional clinic (no vomiting, no diarrhea, heat or dizziness), then one can resort to folk methods.
If the bitterness in the mouth and nausea are the consequence of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, because of which the gastric juice is too acidic and corrodes the walls of the stomach, then you need to take funds that envelop the mucous and do not allow it to traumatize. The linseed oil copes well with this task.
Seeds need to be given with boiling water (one glass of liquid is taken for one spoonful) and let it brew. You need to drink a whole glass after waking up and in the evening with a course of 3-5 days. Eliminate bitter aftertaste and nausea with herbal infusion of calendula flowers. To prepare the preparation, 10 g of dried calendula should be poured with boiling water and allowed to stand for half an hour. Drink such tea four times a day.
Bitterness in the mouth and nausea will pass if you drink a cocktail of carrot juice (200 g), celery (150 g) and parsley (60 g). Freshly prepared juice will replenish the body with vitamins, will have an anti-inflammatory effect, it is useful and if there are stones in the body.
To eliminate the symptom advise to use grated horseradish with milk (1:10). The ingredients are mixed and slightly warmed, and then let it brew for 15 minutes. Drink the mixture 5-6 times a day on a sip.
Cope with bitterness and freshly prepared vegetable juices. The most effective of them are cucumber, beetroot and spinach juice.
It is necessary to remove foods that help to relax the gatekeeper (fatty foods, chocolate, coffee, tomato juice, oranges, mint, onions, alcohol, spices). Often, to get rid of the symptom, it is enough to adhere to proper nutrition.
The use of food in small portions prevents the stagnation of bile in the gallbladder, and starvation helps to concentrate the bile and the formation of stones, so it is important to adhere to a fractional diet.
Only after the diagnosis is made can begin treatment of bitterness in the mouth and nausea with the help of drug therapy, because it directly depends on the causes that caused the symptom. For relief of symptoms, antiemetic drugs (Domperidone), sorbents (activated charcoal), antispasmodics (No-shpa) are prescribed.
To eliminate bitterness and nausea, it is recommended to exclude from the menu sweet, sour and fried
To eliminate the underlying disease, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents may be required. If the cause of bitterness in the mouth and nausea in the development of organic pathology, then medication is needed, which should be prescribed by a doctor and depends on provoking factors.
If the symptoms appear under certain conditions, for example, due to overeating or skipping meals, taking drugs or alcohol, excessive physical exertion, it is enough to balance the menu and eat small portions, but often.
It should be remembered that the appearance of reflux is possible in the absence of any pathology, however, these are isolated cases that are not accompanied by nausea and frequent eructations. If there are additional symptoms, then it is necessary to consult a specialist with a narrow profile.
After analyzing the clinical picture and conducting a comprehensive examination, the doctor will tell you what to do in order to prevent the development of the disease. With pain in the liver, you should consult a hepatologist, and with soreness in the stomach or intestine to the gastroenterologist.