From this article you will learn: what are the symptoms of precursors and the main symptoms of stroke in women. First aid in case of a stroke to oneself and an outsider.
Symptoms are the precursors of a stroke in women
The symptoms and signs of a stroke in women and men are the same, the only difference is that womenmore often do not pay attention to the precursors of a stroke and carry them on their feet.
Symptoms - precursors of stroke in women
These are signs that do not necessarily indicate that a person will certainly have a stroke. However, when they appear, you should immediately seek help from a doctor. The precursors of stroke indicate insufficient blood supply to the brain. If you do not contact a specialist in time, a high risk of a stroke or transient ischemic attack( TIA) of the brain( micro stroke).
Warning signs of stroke:
- frequent attacks of dizziness;
- persistent headaches;
- forgetfulness, absent-mindedness;
- numbness of hands, feet;
- Awkwardness of movements( impaired coordination).
If these signs do not go away within a few weeks, ask your cardiologist for help with the cause of insufficient blood supply to the brain.
The main manifestations of a stroke
These are signs of a pathology, through which you can recognize the stroke yourself.
|Pain signs||Arising unexpectedly sharp pain in the face or on one side of the body, headache, compressing chest pain|
|Symptoms from the heart||Heart "pops up" from the chest, you feel a strong palpitation, shortness of breath|
|Signs from the digestive system||Nausea, hiccups, sometimes vomiting|
|Muscle Symptoms||Feeling of weakness in the muscles, numbness of the arm muscles and / or legs with one of the sides|
|Other signs||Dry mouth, thirsty, sweating, "sticky" sweat,temperatures.|
If you experience these symptoms, call an ambulance immediately!
The most dangerous symptoms of a stroke in a woman
When these signs occur, a person is unable to call himself an ambulance.
Symptoms of this group include:
- loss of consciousness;
- sharp loss of orientation - a person can not understand where he is.
How to recognize a stroke from another person?
If you notice an unexpected deterioration in the health of your relative, ask him to perform some simple tests:
- Ask the person to smile. When a stroke it does not work. One side of the face will spread in a smile, and the second will remain relaxed. Which side will sag depends on which hemisphere of the brain has suffered from a stroke. If pathology affects the right hemisphere, the facial muscles of the left side of the face refuse, and if the left one - on the contrary.
- Ask the person to show the language. The patient also will not be able to fully stick it out. It will be twisted to one side.
- Ask a person some elementary question: what he ate today, did what today is. When answering, you will immediately see the difficulty of speech, due to the weakening of the muscles of the articulation organs. Sometimes, with stroke of the brain, there are disturbances in thinking. They can also be noticed when a person answers a simple question. You can also ask a person to repeat for you a simple patter.
- Ask to lift up both hands. If the right side of the brain has suffered from a stroke, a person can not raise his left hand, if the left hemisphere is damaged - the right one.
If a person can not perform at least one of the listed tasks, immediately call him an ambulance!
First aid for strokes
Once you have detected symptoms in yourself or a relative, you must immediately call an ambulance. But while doctors are on the road, you can provide first aid to yourself or another person. Regardless, a woman or a man has suffered - first aid is given equally.
|First aid to yourself||First aid to another person|
|Try to calm down and not be nervous while the ambulance rides||Calm the patient, explain to him that the doctors will be soon. Do not leave him alone so he does not experience excessive anxiety.|
|Lie down. Necessarily on your side! If you are very vomiting, when lying on your back, vomiting can go into the respiratory tract||Do not give the victim to drink and even more so. Do not allow to drink tablets|
|Unbind clothes to make it easier to breathe.||. Lay the patient on his side. The head should be in a horizontal position, at the level of the whole body( in no case lower!)|
|Try not to move, as this can provoke more severe bleeding in the brain.||Open the windows and unbutton the clothes|
|Do not drink or eat||Constantly talk to the victim so that he does not faint.|
|Do not take any medication before an ambulance arrives, as the body can atypically react to them. Also, taking medications can affect the results of diagnostic tests in the hospital||Measure the patient's blood pressure. Normally, it should be from 160 to 90 to 180 per 100. If necessary, the pressure can be reduced with the help of cold compresses( medicines can not be used before the arrival of doctors).Compresses are applied to the extremities or to the area under the lower jaw, but in no case to the forehead or occiput.|
|Prepare the patient's documents in advance, so as not to look for them when the ambulance arrives. The hospital needs a passport, a medical card and an insurance policy, if any.|
When an ambulance arrives, the victim will immediately be taken to the hospital. There he should be fully diagnosed within an hour and then immediately begin intensive therapy. The admissible start date of treatment is 3 hours after the onset of the very first symptoms. If medical care begins to turn out later, the chances of surviving and subsequently recovering are significantly reduced.