Concussion in children - signs and treatment

Any trauma in children is more dangerous than in adults, because the joints, bones, cartilage, internal organs of the child's body are only being formed. After a fall, there is often a concussion. Timely diagnosis and first aid will prevent the development of complications. Symptoms of concussion in a child are similar to those of adults.

Content:
  • The severity of concussion
  • First aid
  • Symptoms of concussion in infants
  • Manifestations of concussion in children
  • Treatment
  • Consequences and complications
Related articles:
  • What are the symptoms of concussion in adults
  • How to determine that a person has a brain concussion
  • How to recognize a concussion of the brain - treatment and consequences
  • Possible consequences after concussion of the brain
  • What to do with a concussion of the brain - first aid

The severity of concussion

There are three degrees of concussion, each of which manifests itself in different ways:

  1. The first degree. Signs appear immediately - general weakness, loss of strength, dizziness, slight problems with coordination of movements, sometimes vomiting is possible. All these symptoms pass usually themselves, after half an hour the child again looks healthy. If this happened in an 8-month-old baby, it will cease to be whimsical, if at 12-13 years old - it will again become mobile.
  2. The second degree. It is considered an average trauma, unlike a slight concussion, more serious symptoms appear. The child constantly has a headache, there may be a brief loss of consciousness. Due to damage to the skull as a result of the impact, abrasions, bruises, bruises appear. The victim is sick all the time, there is vomiting.
  3. Third degree. If a severe concussion has occurred to the baby for up to a year, the result may be deplorable. Often combined with a fracture of the skull bones, intracranial hematomas can form. Symptoms of the third degree: severe bruises, prolonged loss of consciousness, hemorrhage, increased excitability or inhibition.

Important! Determine the concussion of the brain independently, especially the first degree, is not easy. Sometimes children 5-6 years after hitting their head do not tell parents about it, so that they are not punished. It is important to warn the child of the consequences and ask to report all injuries.

There is a serious brain disease - glioblastoma. It is a malignant neoplasm, leading in most cases to death, usually prescribed chemotherapy. Although the concussion does not in itself cause glioblastoma, it, like other head injuries, is considered a provoking factor for tumor growth.

First aid

The earlier the first aid is given, the more likely to avoid complications. It is necessary to carefully examine the victim to determine the severity of the injury and, depending on the results, provide first aid. It is important to consider the first and the longest shaking symptoms. At an easy degree the child quickly ceases to complain, but survey by the doctor all the same is necessary.

The basic rule is to deliver the child to the hospital as soon as possible or call an ambulance. While waiting, you can:

  1. At the first degree. Ensure a horizontal position. If a child is taken to a hospital, this should not be done in public transport. Usually, after the examination, hospitalization is not required, the doctor simply prescribes treatment. If the baby is about 5 months or less, it is recommended to stay in the hospital for a short time.
  2. At the second degree. Usually there is nausea, vomiting. It is necessary to ensure a horizontal position, but not to fall asleep until the doctor arrives. After awakening, well-being will only worsen.
  3. At the third degree. It is important to fix the child's body so that it does not choke in case of vomiting, which is abundant in severe shaking. The optimal posture - put on the right side, legs bend at the knees. This is important even for an adult child, at 10-11 years old and older, the urge to vomit is uncontrollable.

Important! In no case should children be left unattended after a concussion.

Symptoms of concussion in infants

The cause of brain concussion in young children is inexperience and negligence of parents. Doctors report frequent serious injuries, even in newborns. Sometimes parents disregard the advice of doctors on swaddling, bathing, sleeping a baby, as a result of which children fall. The fall even from a low swaddling table is dangerous for a baby.

Diagnosing a concussion in a small age is very difficult, because you can not identify the symptoms immediately. The height from which the fall, for example, of a one-year-old child, may seem to parents to be harmless. In infants the main signs of a concussion are:

  • regurgitation after every meal, even after breast milk;
  • lack of appetite;
  • pallor;
  • nervousness, capriciousness;
  • constant crying;
  • increased body temperature;
  • sleep disorders: drowsiness, but the baby sleeps badly and restlessly.

An uneven bone system leads to severe symptoms of concussion, but at the same time, they quickly pass. It is important to understand in time what happened, to call a pediatrician who will tell you what to do next.

Important! Any unusual behavior of the baby should immediately arouse suspicion among careful parents, so it is important to observe the baby.

Manifestations of concussion in children

The older the child, the more he can describe his state, explaining to his parents what happened to him. Parents should be observant to know what changes in the behavior of the baby are uncharacteristic for him.

The child of 2-3 years with alarming symptoms are:

  • pale complexion;
  • light dizziness;
  • violation of gait;
  • vomiting;
  • abdominal pain;
  • decreased activity, apathy or increased excitability.

In children from 3 to 7 years of age, injuries are common, in most cases on the playgrounds. But at this age the child can inform parents about the basic symptom of a concussion - a severe headache. Often it is of a pressing nature, extends to the occiput and temples. There is an uncharacteristic drowsiness for the child.

In children of school age - from 8 years and older, concussion is most often due to fights and falls. Experts say that any brain injury at this age is not accidental, so the big responsibility lies with the parents who are obliged to instill in children the norms of behavior.

Interesting! Social services constantly remind parents of their responsibility not only for upbringing, but also for the physical health of the child.

Treatment

The first thing that parents should do after a child's concussion is to show it to a traumatologist or a neurosurgeon. These doctors check the general condition of the victim, determining the degree of concussion and the complications that have arisen. After that, soft tissue is treated, further medication is prescribed.

Advice! The only thing that parents can do without waiting for medical help is to give an anesthetic in the age-related dosage if the child complains of a severe headache.

Usually, with concussion of the brain, children are prescribed such medicines:

  • Pantogam;
  • Diakarb;
  • Glycine.

Diuretics, antihistamines, anesthetics are also used. Dosage and duration of application of any of them is determined by the attending physician individually. In addition to drug therapy, vitamins are prescribed.

Consequences and complications

Concussion can change the psychoemotional state of the child, its consequences are manifested in adulthood. Avoid serious complications with properly prescribed treatment and rehabilitation. If this is a repeated concussion, the treatment should be approached particularly seriously.

Most often there are such consequences of a brain injury:

  • emotional instability - inability to withstand stress, frequent mood swings;
  • alcohol intolerance;
  • weakened immunity, resulting in frequent infectious diseases;
  • convulsions;
  • vegetative-vascular dystonia;
  • vasomotor disorders visible to the naked eye;
  • frequent headaches of a pressing, pulsating nature;
  • impossibility to concentrate attention, restlessness;
  • psychoses - violations of perception of reality, hallucinations.

To avoid such complications, parents need to take a responsible approach to the issue of treatment, not only taking medications, but also following recommendations for sleep, bed rest, others.

Concussion in the child manifests itself in different ways. The clinical picture depends on the severity of the injury, the age of the victim. An important role in successful treatment is played by proper first aid, timely access to doctors. Adherence to properly prescribed therapy is necessary in order to quickly rid of negative symptoms and prevent possible complications.

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