- The real reasons
- Diseases that occur with constipation and pain
- The tummy of a newborn is hurting
- Features of treatment
- Related Videos
The intestine of a healthy person is emptied regularly with a period of one to two days. The problem of stool delay can not be ignored. Constipation can cause severe pain in the abdomen. This is due to the fact that feces remain in the intestine for a long time, which causes changes in its work.
Errors in nutrition, inadequate intake of fiber and natural water can cause the development of disorders with a stool. If the act of defecation occurs less than once a week, constipation is considered severe.
Depending on the causes of the pathological process, the patient is prescribed medication, dietary nutrition. Coping with the violation will help and recipes of traditional medicine. So, why does the stomach and constipation hurt?
The real reasons
Constipation may occur as a result of various causes:
- alimentary type. Constipation and abdominal pains occur due to lack of fluid and fiber;
- hypokinetic type occurs in people who lead a sedentary way of life;
- reflex constipation appears due to disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
- toxic disorder of the stool appears due to intoxication, which can trigger medication;
- endocrine type is associated with diseases of the thyroid and ovaries;
- mechanical constipation due to the presence of tumors or scars.
Discomfort can occur during straining or immediately after bowel movement. Soreness in the intervals between acts of defecation can have a diffuse character or be localized in a specific place: in the region of the waist, navel, right scapula or hypochondrium.
Pain, which is not associated with an act of defecation, may be a symptom of appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis. With constipation, not only the intestine itself suffers, but also other organs. The accumulation of stools threatens the displacement and squeezing of internal organs. This leads to the appearance of pains of different locations: in the lower abdomen, in the navel, at the sides.
Accumulation of fecal masses in the intestine negatively affects the work of a number of located organs, which causes discomfort
Due to the prolonged stay of feces, toxic substances are released in the intestines, which affect the work of the liver, kidneys, and lungs. Patients may complain of fever, chest pain, headaches.
People who suffer from constipation often have ARI, allergic reactions, cardiovascular pathologies. This is due to the fact that the accumulation of fecal slags makes the immunity work just to wear. Solid feces are heavily evacuated from the intestine. Due to the fact that the person starts to push, there are ruptures and cracks in the mucous membrane of the rectum.
The following causes can lead to the occurrence of accidental constipation:
- ignoring the urge to defecate;
- pain in hemorrhoids or fissures can provoke incomplete emptying of the intestine;
- passive lifestyle;
- stressful situations;
- insufficient fluid intake;
- age changes.
Sedentary lifestyle can cause stooling
If the pain after constipation has not passed, it means that the problem is not solved. In this situation, it is necessary to take operational measures, otherwise the problem will become chronic. Prolonged discomfort can indicate the presence of anal fissures. In some cases, persistent pain indicates the presence of malignant formation in the intestine.
If abdominal pain with constipation is accompanied by nausea, this indicates a buildup of stool and a slowing of peristalsis. Painful sensations in the lower abdomen can be accompanied by a general malaise, the appearance of a plaque on the tongue.
Discomfort in the lumbar region may indicate pyelonephritis or gynecological problems. There are such pains often during pregnancy. This is especially pronounced in the third trimester. In general, constipation in pregnant women is associated with hormonal changes in the body, as well as with the squeezing of the intestine by a growing uterus.
Diseases that occur with constipation and pain
Constipation - this is not a disease, but only a symptom of some disease of the digestive system. Let's consider the widespread reasons on which there are strong pains at a constipation.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Neurosis of the intestine, according to statistics, occurs in every fourth inhabitant of the globe. In this case, the intestinal mucosa is not affected by pathogens. In addition, there are no inorganic pathologies of the intestinal tissues. Sometimes even numerous examinations do not help the specialist to determine what actually happens in the patient's body.
A major role in the appearance of irritable bowel syndrome is stress. Sixty percent of patients are diagnosed with anxiety, depression and other neurological disorders. How are neurological problems associated with irritable bowel syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome is closely related to psychological disorders
In the large intestine, water and nutrients are absorbed from the remainder of the food. Further, fecal masses are formed, which are directed to the rectum. This becomes possible, due to the reduction of the walls and the release of mucus.
It is interesting that the intestine has its own nervous system - enteral. This system is an integral part of the VNS (autonomic nervous system). Despite the fact that the enteral system is not directly dependent on the central nervous system, the regulating departments of the brain are responsible for the production of substances that control the operation of the enteral system.
That is why under stressful situations there are failures in the work of the intestine. The brain gives the intestines false signals, because of which the enteral system in turn also gives incorrect information about their work. This leads to a violation of intestinal motility and attacks of severe pain.
Still, the emergence of irritable bowel syndrome can lead not only to stressful situations and increased sensitivity. Consider other provoking factors:
- hereditary factor;
- infectious processes in the intestine;
- passive lifestyle;
- hormonal disorders.
Separately, I want to say about the role of food in the formation of the syndrome. Fast foods, alcohol, soda, fatty foods, chocolate, biscuits - excessive consumption of these products contributes to the development of IBS.
Frequent consumption of fast foods promotes the development of irritable bowel syndrome
According to statistics, IBS is more common in women. This is due to the fact that women are more emotional, close to the heart of what is happening. In addition, in the female body, there are often changes in the hormonal background. It is possible that this is also due to the fact that women are more likely to approach doctors than men.
The disease manifests itself in the form of flatulence, bloating, constipation or diarrhea. Pain can appear as an intestinal colic of a cramping character. Discomfort, as a rule, appears after eating and passes after the act of defecation.
Due to the fact that IBS is caused by a whole complex of causes, treatment often has some difficulties. Specialists are still studying the mechanism of the disease, so treatment approaches have not been fully developed.
Doctors prescribe symptomatic therapy, which helps to avoid negative complications of the gastrointestinal tract. An untreated disease threatens the development of hemorrhoids, paraproctitis and anal fissures. Attacks of pain and stool disruption lead to a deterioration in the quality of life, so it is wrong to let the disease run its course.
In the irritable bowel syndrome, constipation is accompanied by pains in the lower abdomen
The disease can develop for several hours. A typical picture is characterized by the appearance of diarrhea, in some cases, patients complain of a delay in the stool. In addition to constipation, patients complain of nausea, vomiting, bloating, fever. Pain first appears in the region of the stomach, and then descends, to the right.
With the development of appendicitis, poisoning of the body occurs, so the patient complains of dizziness, headaches, and lack of appetite. The operation should be performed on the first day, otherwise further serious complications may develop.
The tummy of a newborn is hurting
Without the help of a specialist it is difficult to understand whether the child has constipation or is simply a physiological feature of development. For this reason, it is important for parents to pay attention not only to the frequency of defecation, but also to the density, odor, consistency of stool.
The tummy may ache due to the malaise of the feeding mother. Women during lactation should be excluded from their diet of tea, coffee, semi-finished products, fat broths, rice, nuts.
The introduction of complementary foods can sometimes provoke constipation in the baby. When giving new dishes, it is important to control the work of the intestines.
Psychological constipation in newborns is not an invention. Stressful situations, for example, separation from the mother, can provoke a disorder of the stool. What to do if the baby has constipation accompanied by pain? In the first place, you should contact a specialist to identify the true cause of the disorder and make an accurate diagnosis.
General recommendations for constipation include normalization of nutrition of the baby and lactating mother, increase in the amount of fluid consumed, as well as changes in the nature of complementary foods or infant formula.
To remove a spasm, and also to raise peristalsis of the intestine, massage of the tummy will help: do soft strokes, but without pressure, massage should be clockwise
Features of treatment
Cope with constipation can be through the normalization of nutrition, moderate exercise and simple folk recipes. Drug therapy has a good effect, but you do not need to start using drugs immediately, otherwise the intestine will get used to such help.
In disorders of peristalsis caused by errors in nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle, experts appoint fast-acting tablets with irritating effects: Bisacodyl, Regulax, Senad.
The drugs can cause defecation after six to eight hours. The use of such tablets should be short-lived, otherwise it can lead to intestinal atony.
To adjust digestion probiotics will help or assist. Such preparts have practically no contraindications, they are prescribed even to small children and pregnant women. Probiotics restore the natural balance of microflora, have a gentle laxative effect, and stimulate peristalsis.
At home, it is useful to take tea from grass hay. In some cases it will be useful to carry out a cleansing enema, but you should not abuse such a procedure. With chronic violation, the following recommendations will help:
- in the morning on an empty stomach drink two glasses of water with a small amount of baking soda;
- eat apples uncleaned;
- a glass of kefir at night. Two hours before going to bed, you should drink fresh kefir, if the product has stood for several days, then, on the contrary, it will contribute to the fixing effect;
- gymnastics for the intestines. Retract and bulge the intestines, while inhaling and exhaling, hold your breath. Then do self-massage of the abdomen clockwise and counter-clockwise;
- pour the wheat bran with water and eat in the form of porridge;
- before going to bed, drink a glass of rose hip broth.
Sufficient fluid intake is a good prevention of constipation
An important role in healing is proper nutrition. The diet promotes regular emptying of the intestine, as well as the removal of toxic substances from the body.
Let's consider the list of allowed products:
- vegetable soups;
- low-fat varieties of meat and fish;
- porridge: wheat, buckwheat, oatmeal;
- vegetables: carrots, cabbage, beets, tomatoes;
- low-fat dairy products;
- fresh and dry fruit;
- steam omelet or egg boiled soft-boiled.
It is forbidden to consume the following products during constipation: fresh bread, biscuits, confectionery, fatty dairy products, legumes, strong tea and coffee, sweets, canned food, smoked products, mayonnaise, sauces.
Constipation, accompanied by pain, causes enormous discomfort and worsens the quality of life. The pathological condition can be the result of a variety of diseases, among them irritable bowel syndrome, neuroses, diverticulosis and others.
A major role in the onset of constipation is played by lifestyle and diet. Moderate physical activity, sufficient fluid intake and a balanced diet is the key to the proper functioning of your intestines.
If you have a problem, try to adjust your diet, if you are concerned about frequent constipation, which, despite the efforts, do not go away and are accompanied by other symptoms, be sure to contact a specialist. Early diagnosis will help in the early stages to identify the disease and timely remove it.