Tolokno is a traditional food product that is made from finely ground oats or barley. Sometimes peas are used for this.
The grains are pre-treated with hot steam, after which they are dried, subjected to special roasting, separated from the shell and crushed.
In the old days, the grains were pumped by a mortar, from which the name "oatmeal" originated. But do not confuse oatmeal with flour, these are two different food products that differ in useful properties.
Tolokno is qualitatively different from flour and is considered more useful, since it preserves all the benefits of grain. While in the usual flour for us, all the most valuable parts are separated and go into waste production.
Use of oatmeal
Tolokno is a traditional national food product. Before the revolution, it was spread very widely throughout Russia, especially in the northern regions. Usually the cooking process looked like this.
A bag of oats was placed in the water for 24 hours, usually it was a dam or a river. Then it was processed in a stone oven, and then all excess water was removed from the grate. At the last stage the grain was poured a thin layer on a special pan and browned at a low temperature.
Then the oats were ground with a wooden mortar. At the same time, it was periodically sieved and large parts were again ground. As a result, it turned out a fragrant cereal, which was harvested and used in each family.
From the oatmeal prepared various dishes, sweet cereals and jelly. Oatmeal porridge was eaten with butter, with honey and nuts, with sugar or salt. From it kneaded a dough and formed oblong "sausages".
At present, it is used much less often, mainly doctors recommend it for special dietary and therapeutic nutrition. This product is very useful, because it contains many useful vitamins and trace elements, as well as an important substance such as lecithin.
Ground oats perfectly normalize metabolism, treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Tolokno is recommended for various poisonings, for the removal of harmful substances, radionuclides and heavy metals from the body.
A thick decoction of oatmeal is very useful for anemia, and kissel well normalizes the level of acidity. Such oatmeal is irreplaceable for baby food. For a quick recovery, doctors prescribe an oat diet to patients after surgery, with high blood loss, this product is recommended after radiation and chemotherapy, during the recovery period after removal of the tumor.
Recently, more and more people include this wonderful product in their daily diet. Scientists came to the conclusion that it has in its composition a rare balanced combination of useful components that perfectly complement and reinforce each other.
Tolokno does not contain animal fats and is therefore also useful for problems with the kidneys. Oatmeal when digested several times increases in size and quickly causes a feeling of saturation. This quality contributes to rapid weight loss.
In addition to nutritional value, oatmeal is an excellent cosmetology tool. Masks with the use of ground cereals are used to cleanse and rejuvenate the skin of the face, to eliminate various defects. With the help of fiber it is possible to get rid of pigment spots and freckles.
You can also adjust the activity of sebaceous glands, get rid of black dots and couperose. From oatmeal, you can prepare a wonderful scrub for the face and body, with the help of it to reduce the appearance of cellulite and flabbiness of the skin.
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General useful properties:
- activates in the body the removal of harmful substances;
- normalizes the level of bile and cholesterol;
- strengthens the immune system;
- accelerates metabolic processes in the body;
- facilitates the rapid restoration of forces;
- well helps with nervous exhaustion, improves attention and memory;
- improves the immunity and protective properties of the body;
- strengthens the walls of the vessels;
- normalizes the work of the esophagus;
- improves skin and hair condition.
Nutritional value and calorific value of
The nutritional value of oatmeal is very high. This is certainly a useful product, which almost has no contraindications. And this benefit is due primarily to a balanced composition.
It contains quite a lot of carbohydrates( 50-60%) and vegetable protein( 15-18%).In 100 gr.the product is approximately 360 kcal. In the fiber there is a useful lecithin and ligine, which promotes the release of excess bile and cholesterol.
Also important are flavonoids, which are natural antioxidants, contribute to the elimination of harmful substances and protect the body from intoxication and cancer.
Tolokno contains a large number of B vitamins that have a rejuvenating effect on the entire body, have a positive effect on the nervous system, improve the appearance of the skin and nails.
Avenantramids with the composition of this remarkable product contribute to the effective purification of veins and vessels, contribute to the prevention of atherosclerosis.
Also oatmeal is very rich in useful fiber, which contributes to the removal of harmful substances and helps to reduce excess weight. Fiber is an important component of nutrition for those who lead a healthy lifestyle and want to have a beautiful sports figure. Filling a large volume in the digestive tract, it reduces the feeling of hunger and promotes normal digestion.
Harm and contraindications for use
With a large number of beneficial properties, oatmeal has contraindications to use. This product is not recommended for individuals who experience deficiency of calcium in the body .
This is due to the fact that oats worsen the absorption of calcium. But in practice this is unlikely, because for this you need to consume a large amount of fiber every day.
The high content of carbohydrates makes oatmeal harmful for persons suffering from with diabetes ( see the treatment of the disease in this article).Also, one should not sit on an excessively rigid diet and get carried away with this product, because oatmeal does not contain animal protein, and its deficiency can lead to dizziness, memory impairment and muscle weakness.
It should also be remembered that the product contains a large amount of hard fiber, which can be very harmful for individuals with with various intestinal diseases .If you suffer from intestinal obstruction or a stomach ulcer, always consult a specialist before use.
Application in folk medicine and for weight loss
From the fiber it is possible to prepare many useful dishes that will be very effective for weight loss and improve the general condition of the body.
Kissel made from oat
Composition: water 2 l., Oatmeal 300 g., Stale black bread 100 g., Salt and sugar to taste.
Method of preparation. In hot boiled water( 1 liter), add fiber and add the same stale bread. Stir well and wait for several hours. When the process of fermentation begins and the liquid begins to rise and wander, you need to remove the crust and add one more liter of water.
Stir well and strain through a thick layer of gauze. The resulting liquid must be brought to a boil, add the amount of salt and sugar needed. You can add berries or fruit at will. This jelly is an excellent way to lose weight.
Kulagas( traditional Slavic dish)
Ingredients: berries of cranberries, cranberries or currants 800 gr., Oatmeal 200 g., Linden honey 150 g., Sugar 150 g.
Method of preparation. Berries must be washed and cleaned, pour 1 liter of water and boil for 5 minutes. Tolokno must be pre-brewed and added to berries. In the process, you need to add honey and sugar. After 10 minutes, put the resulting mixture for steaming for 20 minutes in a water bath.
Delicious and healthy dish is ready, it can be used with diets, to improve digestion, it is very useful for anemia and beriberi. Also, the cup will be very popular with children as a vitamin dessert.
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The recipe for cooking mushroom soup
Ingredients: 6 tbsp.l., white mushrooms or champignons 400 gr., 40 gr.vegetable oil, leek 80 gr., carrots 1 pc., salt and spices.
How to prepare .The butter should be melted in a pan and lightly fried on it finely chopped mushrooms. Add there crushed onions and carrots. When they become slightly golden, send them to a pot of boiled water and cook for another 5 minutes.
Tolokno should be diluted in a small amount of water and poured into a saucepan in small portions. In this case, you need to make sure that there are no lumps. Cook for 10 minutes until completely thick. Add salt and spices to taste.
Before serving, add crushed herbs to the plate. This dish perfectly promotes weight loss and promotes the removal of harmful substances.
Tolokno is widely used in folk medicine. It perfectly tones and cleanses the skin. On its basis, wonderful masks are prepared.
Composition: Toluene 2 tsp, milk or kefir 4 tbsp.l., essential oil of a rose 3-4 drops.
Method of preparation. Tolokno should be mixed with slightly warmed milk to a homogeneous mass, while you need to make sure that there is no lump. Add the essential oil of rose to the resulting mixture. The resulting mask should be applied to clean skin, avoiding the area around the eyelids. Wait 20 minutes and rinse with clean water. Apply 2 times a week.
Composition: 100 grams of fiber, whey of 300 grams, essential oil of orange or lemon 6-8 drops.
How to use. Oatmeal must be pre-brewed with steep boiling water and left for swelling. After 10-15 minutes, slightly warmed milk whey should be added to it and mixed thoroughly.
The mixture should not be hot, it is also important that it is homogeneous. There also add essential oil. The resulting mask should be applied to the problem zone of the thighs or buttocks. To strengthen the effect, you need to apply it with light massage movements.
Coat with a special cosmetic film and leave for 15 minutes, then rinse with clean water. This mask helps to lose weight, smooths the skin, nourishes and rejuvenates the skin.
Hair mask with oatmeal
Composition: oatmeal 50 gr., Olive oil 2-3 tbsp.l., essential oil of lavender 3-4 drops.
How to use. Tolokno must be brewed in boiling water, cooled and mixed with olive oil. Add lavender oil to the mixture. Apply to strands along the entire length and leave for 20 minutes.
Then wash hair with shampoo and clean water. This mask perfectly nourishes the hair and rejuvenates the scalp, contributes to the destruction of fungal infections.
Tolokno is a great product that will be useful for those who watch their health. With it, you can cure many diseases, lose weight, become younger and more attractive.