- General rules
- Curative fasting
- How to eat with calculous cholecystitis?
- Diet for cholecystitis and pancreatitis
- Related videos
Acute cholecystitis is a common disease of the digestive tract. The basis of the disease is a sudden inflammation of the gallbladder. To provoke an inflammatory reaction can be a stagnant process. Because the accumulation of bile secretions creates ideal conditions for the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
Changing the composition of bile may be associated with anatomical features, nutritional errors, obesity and many other problems. The pathological process is characterized by the appearance of severe pain in the region of the right hypochondrium.
The pain flare can be so strong that it gives to the right half of the body - neck, shoulder blade, arm. Attacks may result in vomiting with impurities of bile. A key role in the treatment of acute cholecystitis is played by therapeutic nutrition. Without adjusting the diet, treatment will be inadequate and may even prove ineffective.
Food can not only benefit, it can also hurt, especially during illness. Doctors, nutritionists have developed a special menu, which should be adhered to patients with acute cholecystitis. Next, let's talk about what you can eat, and what products should be avoided. First, we will outline the general recommendations for therapeutic nutrition.
The diet for acute cholecystitis is primarily aimed at normalizing the digestive processes and improving the outflow of bile. During an acute process, the inflammatory reaction tends to build up, so the gall bladder should provide complete peace.
In the early days to eat at all is not recommended, but the liquid should be consumed as much as possible. It can be not only natural water, the patient is allowed to give a weak little sweetened tea, berry and fruit juices, mineral water without gas, barley broth.
Nutrition for acute cholecystitis is aimed at relieving the load from the gall bladder
Despite a large list of limitations, the menu should contain enough proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Patients are prescribed a therapeutic diet number 5 a. To normalize the production of biliary secretions, patients should try to eat at the same time. Cooking salt thickens the bile secret and promotes stagnant processes, which is why its amount should be limited in its diet.
In the acute period, it is important to avoid foods that have choleretic action. This will aggravate the situation, since the load on the gallbladder will be increased and the entire digestive tract will work in a strengthened mode. In addition, under the ban are products that can cause rotting decay, as well as increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid.
So, let's outline the main list of prohibited products:
- fresh bread, buns, buns;
- fatty meat, fish, strong broth;
- fried, spicy food, marinades, pickles;
- beans, peas and other beans;
- egg yolk;
- spinach, sorrel, radish;
- onion, garlic;
- mushrooms, including broths;
- fat, fat;
- mustard, pepper, mayonnaise, ketchup;
- ice cream, chocolate, coffee, cocoa.
The amount of salt must be reduced. With regard to products approved for acute cholecystitis, their choice should be in favor of those that can maximally relieve the gastrointestinal tract. The way of preparation of dishes is also important. In the acute period, it is unacceptable to eat fried foods. It is best to steamed, cook, boil or bake in the oven.
So, let's highlight the main products that you can safely use for acute inflammation of the gallbladder:
- crackers, biscuit biscuits, yesterday's bread with bran;
- jelly, mousse, mashed potatoes;
- vegetarian soups;
- buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina porridge;
- low-fat sour cream, cottage cheese, yogurt, yogurt, homemade yogurt;
- boiled vegetables;
- a protein omelette for steaming;
- vegetable and butter;
- honey, pastilles, marshmallows.
With acute cholecystitis, it is allowed to cook a steam omelet, only without the use of yolks.
. Do not underestimate the importance of dietary nutrition in the treatment of acute cholecystitis. Whatever expensive drugs you use, nutritional errors can negate the entire treatment process. Non-compliance with the diet threatens such serious consequences:
- cholelithiasis, requiring surgical intervention;
- hepatic colic;
- of jaundice;
- abscess, gangrene, perforation of the gallbladder.
Consider an exemplary menu for patients with acute cholecystitis:
- breakfast - buckwheat porridge, curd casserole and loose black tea;
- lunch - lazy vareniki without sugar;
- dinner - vegetarian soup, boiled chicken breast with baked vegetables and compote of dried fruits;
- afternoon snack. Gallet biscuits with a boar decoction;
- dinner. Hake with stewed vegetables;
- two hours before sleep drink a glass of low-fat kefir.
Short-term abstinence from food can have a different effect depending on the existing disease, as well as the individual characteristics of the patient. Therapeutic fasting is widely practiced in acute pancreatitis.
This procedure allows you to suspend the production of pancreatic enzymes that corrode and destroy tissue organs. In addition, the refusal of food clears the body after the inflammatory process and promotes the acceleration of regeneration processes.
Now let's talk about the peculiarities of fasting with cholecystitis. As you know, the procedure is of two types: dry and wet, that is, with the use of liquid. The first type of fasting is usually prescribed in a chronic process. In the formation of cholelithiasis, you can not refuse food and liquids!
Fasting with cholecystitis will allow to stop the acute inflammatory process
Fasting is an effective method of treatment, but it can also do harm if the patient does not know the rules of its conduct. It is also important to understand how to get out of the state of hunger correctly. Entering the regime of refusal from food, the patient is extremely necessary to comply with bed rest. Usually, when acute cholecystitis of a person does not worry, the feeling of hunger is more intense, as the pathological process is accompanied by nausea and even vomiting.
Do not forget about the contraindications to the procedure, they can include:
- hypoglycemia, which lowers blood glucose levels;
- arterial hypotension;
- vitamin deficiency.
How to eat with calculous cholecystitis?
With calculous cholecystitis, the inflammatory process provokes the presence of gallstones. To provoke the SCI can be various factors: a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, abuse of fatty, fried, food, taking medications.
Biliary colic manifests itself as a very severe acute attack of pain. Unbearable pain often appears in the evening or even at night and lasts from two to six hours, and even longer. Concrements are capable of traumatizing the gallbladder, since they have not only a smooth, but also an uneven surface. Stones often cause blockage of the biliary tract, which requires an operation.
Correctly selected diet will remove inflammation, pain, and also eliminate stones. Enrich your diet with chronic calculous cholecystitis with the following products:
- baked or boiled vegetables;
- lean meat;
- fruit juices diluted with water;
- dried fruits;
- egg whites;Dairy products of
But do not forget about products that are banned:
- alcohol, soda;
- fast food;
- oily fish and meat;
- bakery products.
Diet for cholecystitis and pancreatitis
The organs of the digestive system are inextricably linked not only anatomically, but also functionally. Pancreatitis and cholecystitis have common provoking factors and a development mechanism, therefore dietary nutrition in these diseases is based on the same principles.
We will outline the basic principles of the diet for cholecystopancreatitis:
- Limitation of the amount of fat.
- Low calorie food.
- Use of foods that contain a large number of vitamins and minerals.
Nutrition for cholecystopancreatitis includes adherence to the strict diet of
Patients are allowed such products:
- beet, zucchini, carrots, potatoes, pumpkin;
- vegetable soups;
- ripe non-acidic fruit;
- vegetable oil;
- sour-milk products;
- baked apples.
Regarding the restrictions, it is better to exclude from the diet:
- bakery products;
- milk soups;
- borsch, soup;
- corn, wheat and millet porridge;
- beans, radish, radish;
- animal fats;
- spices, sauces;
- raw vegetables;
- lard, mustard, horseradish.
The diet for cholecystopancreatitis is not only a list of permitted and prohibited products. Specialists identify a number of so-called controversial foods. For example, bananas are a non-prohibited product, but they should be consumed in small quantities. It is best to combine a banana with yogurt, casserole or drink banana juice.
Bananas can be eaten, but in small quantities
With regards to nuts, they are allowed only at the stage of remission. They are a source of essential fatty acids and are recommended for consumption during snacks. Nuts are able to stop the inflammatory process and protect body tissues from destruction. It is worth while not forgetting that nuts are a fatty product, so they do not eat much and will not do it good. In addition, some may have an allergic reaction to this product.
Honey is known for its unique properties, it eliminates stagnant processes in the gallbladder and promotes the rapid elimination of bile. But if a patient develops diabetes mellitus against pancreatitis, honey is not recommended.
So, the therapeutic diet for acute cholecystitis is an important component of the complex treatment of such a serious ailment. Correctly selected menu will remove the load from the digestive tract, including the gallbladder, support the body as a whole and prolong the duration of remission. Even after acute cholecystitis, you need to continue eating properly, this should become your lifestyle, only in this case you can reduce the likelihood of a relapse.