1Causes of pain in the lower back
- 1.1Characteristics of pain syndrome
- 1.2Pathogenesis of pain
- 1.3What is capable of squeezing a passing neural trunk?
- 1.4If the cause is in the spine
- 1.5What diseases cause pain in the lower back
- 1.6Pain in functional disorders
2Causes of low back pain in women
- 2.2Increased load
- 2.3Osteochondrosis and intervertebral hernia
- 2.4Diseases of gynecology
- 2.5Kidney Diseases
- 2.8Breast size
- 2.11Excess weight
- 2.12Diseases of oncology
- 2.14What is the pain?
3Back pain hurts: treatment
- 3.3Diseases of the spine
- 3.4Gynecological problems
- 3.5Kidney and bladder diseases
- 3.6Urological pathology
- 3.7Diseases of the intestine
- 3.10Medication Therapy
- 3.13Massage and manual therapy
4Why does pain appear in the lower back?
- 4.1Causes of a pathological phenomenon
- 4.2Problems with the spine
- 4.3Gynecological pathology
- 4.4Renal ailments and urological problems
5How to get rid of back pain?
- 5.1Violation of posture
- 5.4Herniated disc
- 5.6Methods of treatment
- 5.10"Getting Rid of Back Pain"
Causes of pain in the lower back
When a loved one has a pain in the lower back, everyone is eager to advise something: grandmothers - heated bricks and rubbing, aunts - urgently to pass urine tests. And what in fact can cause pain in this area of the body, what are their causes related to?
Characteristics of pain syndrome
When patients talk about "lower back you need to specify what zone they mean. Usually this is all that lies below the edge of the costal arch (loin and sacrum) along the spine, as well as to the right and left of it.
The pains in the lower back are of different intensity, duration, irradiation and unequal location. Often patients associate the maximum manifestation of pain with:
- sharp movements;
- turning the body;
- tilt the spine forward;
- lifting of legs.
Dull pain can be disturbed all the time, amplified at night. Sudden sharp pain literally "crooks" a person, accompanied by a pallor, frequent palpitations, in hypertensive patients - an increase in pressure.
Possible irradiation in the leg, shoulder blade, groin, abdomen or local soreness of the waist with palpation, tapping.
Pathogenesis of pain
Why does pain arise? The answer is simple: "So a person feels the redistribution of pain receptors (endings of nerve fibers) in tissues or in the course of movement of the pulse."
Nerve endings are located in the capsules of all organs (kidneys, pancreas, intestinal wall). Hence, any pathological process in them can cause a painful reaction. Most often, the capsule is stretched due to inflammation and swelling of the internal organs.
What is capable of squeezing a passing neural trunk?
Roots move away from the spinal cord in accordance with the segments. They can be squeezed and injured in case of unsuccessful vertebrae (an increase in bone spines at osteochondrosis, prolapse of the disc with hernia, curvature in scoliosis, destruction of articular surfaces).
We also recommend reading:What if it hurts at the bottom of the back?
Injuries of the lumbar and sacrum are accompanied by:
- fractures of the lower ribs and pelvic bones;
- swelling of soft tissues;
- formation of hematomas (coagulated hemorrhage).
They also negatively affect the nearby neural trunks.
Benign or malignant tumors of internal organs or spine can cause destruction of bones, mechanical pressure on nerve endings. The same process occurs with a specific tuberculous lesion of the vertebrae.
If the cause is in the spine
Any increased strain on the spine can cause pain. These include:
- lifting gravity (especially jerk) from bottom to top;
- violation of posture while working at the desk;
- a long motionless pose in the car.
Incorrect height of the table and chair in the workplace can cause muscle pain
An uncomfortable position of the body gradually leads to constant aching pain in the back due to muscle tension. It is important to take measures to normalize the workplace, control your posture, organize active breaks with stretching exercises. You can get rid of such pains on your own.
Sharp pain in the lower back on the left or on the right occurs when lifting the weight with one hand. There is a sharp compensatory bend of the vertebral column in the opposite direction.
Osteochondrosis leads to destruction of the vertebral body and growth of the processes. As a result, severe radiculitis (radicular) pains occur. According to their irradiation, neurologists judge the localization of the lesion at the bottom of the spine. The same symptoms of compression give a disc herniation.
The table shows the main direction of irradiation of pain
|The compression site of the spine (vertebra number)||The spread of pain|
|lumbar 3-4||on the back surface of the buttocks and thighs down to the heel, front to the patella|
|Lumbar 4-5||on posterolateral side of buttock and thigh down to shank|
|lumbar 5-1 sacral||down from the buttock behind the thigh, leg, foot, goes to the side of the foot and shin|
In addition, neurologists show a characteristic numbness of the skin in the osteochondrosis of the lumbar region on the thigh at the bottom behind the right or left, depending on the side of the lesion. When affecting the upper lumbar vertebrae, a sensitivity disorder is located in the calf muscle and the lateral surface of the foot.
With a long course of the disease, there is weakness in the femoral muscles and the foot. Measurement of volume at the hip level shows a decrease from the patient side. This is due to muscle atrophy.
Auto-allergic inflammation of the vertebrae with Bechterew's disease, psoriasis causes stiffness and movement disorders.
It is recommended to carry weights in both hands, distributing weight equally
What diseases cause pain in the lower back
Kidney disease occurs with a pain syndrome. It is characterized by:
- pain in the lumbar region with kidney palpation and tapping;
- increased body temperature;
- disturbed urination (rei, rapid urges);
- irradiation into the groin;
- changes in the analysis of urine (the appearance of red blood cells, protein, leukocytosis).
Inflammatory kidney diseases are accompanied by strong permanent pain. For urolithiasis typical paroxysmal acute pains at the bottom of the back with irradiation in the coccyx and groin. In this case, the attack manifests itself every time the stone moves.
The pancreas is attached to the spine by the tail section. Therefore, its inflammation (pancreatitis) causes severe shingles of prolonged pain. Usually they are associated with a violation of diet (overeating fatty foods, drinking alcohol). Accompanying vomiting, cold sweat.
Diseases of the large intestine (ulcerative colitis, tumors, hemorrhoids, paraproctitis) are the cause of pain in the lower abdomen and in the back. Accompanied by violations of the stool, intestinal bleeding, weight loss.
More often low back pain in pregnant women occurs as a result of changes in the sacrum, pressure of the uterus
Pain in functional disorders
Known painful feelings that occur in girls and women before and during menstruation. In this case, by nature, they can be aching or very strong cramping.
Localization is usually from the back side at the bottom left and right, in the lower abdomen. Gynecologists believe that they are caused by hormonal failure, a violation of the ratio of estrogens and androgens.
At the same time, women feel nausea, drooling, weakness.
Particular importance is attached to pain in the back during pregnancy. They can signal an increased tone of the uterus and provoke an abortion. Therefore, it is impossible to tolerate and cope independently with such pains. Call an ambulance.
Pain in benign fibroids of the uterus is accompanied by bleeding.
An experienced doctor will prescribe treatment of pain syndrome only after examination and finding out the reasons. It is strictly prohibited to warm up your back on your own, rub yourself with ointments, and take physiotherapeutic procedures. Only a specialist can determine the right therapy in a particular case.
A source: http://MoyaSpina.ru/diagnostika/prichiny-boli-vnizu-spiny
Causes of low back pain in women
Various pains below the loins in women can be a sign of many diseases: from minor to deadly. Sometimes women feel pain in the lower back, with sudden movements. A common phenomenon-lower back pain with menstruation.
But such symptoms are usually of a short-term nature. But the chronic pain in the lumbar spine is already talking about some kind of obvious ailment.
It is important to identify the characteristic symptoms of dangerous diseases or harmless and in any incomprehensible situation visit the district therapist.
What are the causes of pain in the lower back of women? There are many different ailments. Constant pain in the lumbar region of women is a bad sign. After all, lumbar pains of this type usually do not bode well.
The wine of some drawing pains in the lower back of women is unusual physical activity.
If the girl was almost unacquainted with sports disciplines and made a sharp increased load on her back - there is a great chance of stretching the muscles.
If aching pain in the lower back does not stop for 3-4 days, you need to visit a doctor. After all, the load can damage not only the muscles, but also the intervertebral disks, and this is a serious reason.
- We advise you to read: what to do if I tore off my back
Osteochondrosis and intervertebral hernia
The cause of pain at the bottom of the back in women can be osteochondrosis. With this pathology, the structure of intervertebral discs changes, the cartilage tissue is destroyed. Earlier, the elastic disc becomes rigid, loses its damping properties.
- Be sure to read: the loin hurts after lifting weights
The next stage of pathological changes is compression of the intervertebral discs, at which their protrusion occurs. Because of what the spinal nerves are squeezed, the blood circulation and coordination of movements are disturbed, the pain intensifies.
The final stage of osteochondrosis is the appearance of intervertebral hernias. This pathology is another reason why the loin in women hurts.
As a rule, pain in the lumbar region - very pronounced, radiating to the limbs and other areas of the back.
In this condition, the backbone can whine in almost any position of the body (except lying).
Diseases of gynecology
Gynecological diseases very often cause lower-back pain in women. Can fall asleep in the lower back, and lateral areas.
There are such diseases:
- Tumor formations (cysts) in the ovaries;
- Pathologies of the uterus;
- Varicosity of the organs surrounding the pelvic floor;
- Benign formation in the inner wall of the uterus;
- Tear of ovarian tissue.
It is for these reasons that women often pull their lower backs.There are unpleasant sensations, loss of strength, irritability and other symptoms.However, there may be many really dangerous consequences: problems with the birth of children, violation of cycles of menstruation.
If there is pain in the lower back on the right or left, or even around the lower back, there is a high probability of kidney pathologies, one of which is pyelonephritis.
When the infection is exacerbated, inflammation of the kidney occurs (one or two). Pain in the lower back on the right is not the only symptom in this pathology.
The person feels a number of negative manifestations:
- Increased body temperature;
- Increased sweating;
- Violation of the functions of the genitourinary system;
- Loss of appetite;
- Exudative discharge.
Many women who have decided to have children and become pregnant often have pain in the lower back.Associated with the physiological changes in the structure of the hip belt, low back pain is absolutely normal and does not require treatment.
Aching pain in the lower back arises due to a sharp increase in body weight and localization of the fetus in the lumbar region. In the last months of pregnancy, both the lower back and the lower abdomen can be sick.
Such symptoms are not uncommon, but if you want, you can discuss the problem with your doctor.
Another cause of pain in the lower back of women - excessive coverage of the epithelium. With this disease, the upper skin layer of the uterus covers the excess area of the pelvic organs.
Endometriosis not only provokes pain in the lower back, pathology can lead to serious consequences. When untimely treatment, ignoring the disease, the reproductive function is violated.
And the pain in the back below the waist can result in infertility.
If the woman's back hurts, it may be that critical days have begun. This phenomenon is regularly repeated, so that the girls know what to expect.
Back pain on the right, pain in the lower back and lower abdomen occur as a result of uterine contractions and a sharp increase in body weight from stagnation of water in the body.
Some girls with 4-5 breast sizes may experience pain in the lower back.
Not only does the load on the thoracic region increase and there may be osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, so also the load on the lower back comes from unnatural bending in the spine.
In such a situation, the back hurts, mainly because of incorrect posture, stoop. Doing exercises to strengthen the muscles - extensors along the spine and driving a mobile way of life, such back pain can be avoided.
Another reason that the waist is painful for women is the prolonged wearing of shoes at too high a heel. When walking the pelvis a little goes up and an unusual bend appears in the lower back. The load rises and there is aching pain in the lower back.
Some back pains on the right behind are associated with a certain period in the life of every woman.
During menopause, hormonal failure occurs and blood circulation around the pelvis is disrupted.As a result, the spine does not receive the right amount of nutrients.
And, directly, the causes of pain - complications from a deficiency of vitamins (osteoporosis, etc.).
The female body contains more fat tissue than the male body. In old age, ladies, predisposed to fatness, can gain a lot of excess weight. In such a situation, the spine experiences a strong constant load.
Diseases of oncology
Tumors of any kind, reaching a certain size, begin to create pressure on the nerve endings.
As a result, pain may occur below the lower back on the left or right, depending on the location of the tumor.
Benign or malignant pathological formation, all the same, it is necessary to begin treatment immediately.Any tumors can sooner or later become deadly.
Why is there pain in the lower back or abdomen? If you do not dress for the weather, sit on cold surfaces - you may experience hypothermia.
The pain below the waist on the right appears if the girl has chilled the organs surrounding the pelvic floor. However, you can supercool and lumbar - sacral spine.
Acute pain in the lower back on the right of women can be the cause of this kind of hypothermia.
What is the pain?
Various causes in women can cause pain syndrome. The nature of the pain can be different. In order to help the doctor in setting the right diagnosis, you need to be able to determine the properties of pain.
Here are the main types:
- Very pronounced pain, which occurs suddenly, is localized at a certain point. For example, pain in the lower back on the left.
- Drawing pain in the lower back, arising during monotonous processes in an uncomfortable position of the body. The appearance of such a symptom answers the question of why it pulls the lower back.
- Irradiating pain. Characterized not by local manifestations. Such pain from the bottom of the back, giving to the legs and groin, speaks about the intervertebral hernia of the lumbosacral section.
Localized acute, aching pain at the bottom of the back on the left or right - usually do not carry a serious danger, but it is still necessary to see a doctor. There are some diseases with blurred symptoms, in this case and the diagnosis is performed.
One of the most dangerous cases is a pain in the lower back left or right, which does not stop even in a comfortable position of the body (lying down). Very often this is how the cancerous tumors give themselves out.
With pains in the lower back to the right, to the left or any other, the most correct decision will be an appeal to the local doctor-therapist.
After a personal examination, appointing the delivery of tests and some procedures, the doctor determines the need to connect other specialists.
If the disease is serious, the therapist appoints a consultation and a neurologist, gynecologist, nephrologist, oncologist. After conducting the necessary examinations, doctors make a conclusion and determine the disease.
Any pain in the lower back of women has causes and treatment. It is important to correctly diagnose and determine the cause. Some diseases are difficult to treat, some can be cured in a few weeks.
Of course, every disease has its own treatment methods, and complex therapy is often used.
But with mild diseases or even simple complications (with menstruation or pregnancy), you can use folk remedies..
After a complete diagnosis, when the doctor gives permission, you can use some analgesics of traditional medicine. Such medications are used for pain in the right side of the waist, in the left side. In a word, localization is not important..
Some recipes for fighting the pain syndrome, so as to calmly look at the surrounding world:
- Tincture on the root of elecampane is effective against low back pain in women. It is necessary to take about 5 g of root and put in a glass with boiling water. You can use several times a day on a tablespoon.
- Tincture based on field horsetail has analgesic means. It is necessary to put about 20 g of roots in a volume of boiling water, equal to two glasses. You can take 50 ml once an hour.
- Tincture based on the root of celery also has an analgesic effect. Take the root of celery (35g) and put in a glass of plain water. Tincture is prepared for several hours. Then you can take several times a day for a small glass (70g).
- Tincture based on dry raspberry leaves. It is necessary to take 2 cups of boiled water and pour 70 g of dried raspberry leaves. You can take twice per hour for several days.
A source: https://pozvonochnik.guru/boli-v-poyasnitse/bolit-poyasnitsa-u-zhenshhin.html
Back pain hurts: treatment
Perhaps there is not a single person who at least once did not face pain in the back. This problem is the most urgent for people after 60 years, but in young people there are similar situations.
It is known that the limitation of physical activity in the working age is most often due to pain in the lower back. Why this happens and what to do when it appears, the doctor will tell.
And the patient only needs to come to a specialist's consultation.
Any pain is a signal about certain malfunctions in the body. And its localization, as a rule, indicates the source of the problem.
If the back is concerned, most people will fairly think about the pathology of the spine.
True, axial skeletal injuries are the most common cause of pain in the lumbosacral region. Such conditions include:
- Intervertebral hernia.
- Bechterew's disease.
- Stenosis of the spinal canal.
In this case, any structures of the axial skeleton may be affected: vertebrae, discs, joints, ligaments, tendons and muscles. A pathological process often has a degenerative-dystrophic, inflammatory or traumatic character.
This is facilitated by lack of mobility, sedentary work, weight lifting and other types of stress on the spine.
An important role is played by internal factors associated with exchange-metabolic, immune and age-related changes in the body.
But the pain in the lower back is a sign not only of diseases of the spine. And all doctors know about this. Under such a symptom, quite common diseases of the internal organs in women and men can be masked. Therefore, the causes of pain should be sought among such conditions:
- Gynecological problems.
- Diseases of the kidneys and bladder.
- Urological pathology.
- Diseases of the intestine.
In addition, the back can hurt during pregnancy, when the load on the lower back increases due to the displacement of the center of gravity of the body and the inner ligaments of the small pelvis are stretched.
Why there were pains from the bottom of the back, you can find out after a medical examination and additional diagnosis.
When a patient seeks a doctor, he wants to get exhaustive information about the origin of unpleasant sensations and further tactics.
And for this you need to undergo a survey.
And the primary stage is a clinical examination, during which the subjective and objective signs of pathology are elucidated.
If we talk about complaints, then the greatest concern in patients is caused by pain. They can have different colors, but more often they are characterized by the following features:
- Acute or chronic.
- Shooting, aching, pulsating, pulling, stitching.
- Different intensity: from weak to strong.
- Localize in the lumbosacral region.
- Give in the lower extremities, inguinal zone, stomach.
- Increase when moving the body, sitting, walking.
However, lower back pain is not the only sign of a pathology - the clinical picture includes other symptoms, according to which one can assume a probable source of the problem.
Diseases of the spine
When patients are worried about the back in the lumbosacral region, one must seek confirmation of the vertebrogenic nature of such sensations. Pain is often associated with muscle tension or compression of the nerve roots. Therefore, they can have the following character:
- Lumbago - acute lumbago in the lower back.
- Lumbalia - dull and deep pains.
- Lumbo-schiaalgia - pain, giving to the lower limb along the sciatic nerve.
Sometimes the first to appear unpleasant sensations in the leg, and the back begins to bother somewhat later. In addition to pain, the composition of radicular syndrome (radiculopathy) includes characteristic neurological disorders associated with damage to sensory, motor and vegetative fibers. They include:
- Inhibition of tendon reflexes.
- Reduction of strength in the lower limbs.
- Relaxation of sensitivity.
- Numbness, tingling, crawling, burning.
- Change in the color of the skin.
Such disorders appear in the corresponding dermatomes - segments of the body innervated by the affected spine.
And local signs of spine pathology include muscle tension and soreness paravertebral points in the lumbosacral section, the smoothness of physiological lordosis and the restriction active movements.
Vertebrogenic diseases are equally common in men and women, with age they only progress and often lead to a decrease in the functional capacity of a person.
If there were pains in the lower back of women, then you need to pay attention to the possibility of pathology in the gynecological area. Most often we are talking about inflammatory diseases or dysfunctional conditions. In such cases, the following symptoms may appear:
- Irregularity of the menstrual cycle.
- Vaginal discharge.
- Temperature increase.
Acute processes in the uterus and appendages can go into a chronic form or end as a complication in the form of peritonitis. In addition, the cause of pain may be ectopic pregnancy or spontaneous abortion. Then the risk of internal bleeding and shock is great.
Kidney and bladder diseases
Pain sensations in the lower back are considered as one of the signs of kidney pathology - nephritis.
As a rule, they have a permanent character, and in the case of urolithiasis can be intensified by jerking or running.
With cystitis, such sensations are localized in the suprapubic region and can be irradiated to the sacrum. The inflammatory process is accompanied by other symptoms:
- Dysuric disorders: rubbing, burning with urination.
- Change the color of urine.
- Fever, general malaise.
Chronic pathology is accompanied by a gradual decrease in the functional capacity of the organ, which grows into renal insufficiency.
If men have a back pain in the lower back, then a differential diagnosis should be carried out with urological and diseases.
First of all, exclude prostatic diseases - prostatitis and adenoma. Such pains are felt in the pubic region and perineum, they are given to the rectum and sacrum.
Often there are additional signs:
- Discharge from the urethra.
- Difficulty with urination.
- Decreased potency.
With acute prostatitis, general manifestations are possible in the form of fever, weakness, malaise. And chronic inflammatory processes have a sluggish character and poor symptoms.
Diseases of the intestine
Considering the question of the origin of pain in the lumbosacral zone, one should also mention the pathology of various parts of the intestine.
Appendicitis, ulcerative colitis, proctitis are conditions that require different approaches to diagnosis and treatment, but may be accompanied by similar symptoms. These include:
- Pain in the abdomen or sides.
- Changing the stool - constipation or diarrhea.
When colitis is often found pathological impurities in feces: blood, mucus or pus. And an objective examination with palpation of the abdomen and rectal examination gives additional information about the disease.
Nonvertebrogenic pathology is quite diverse, so a doctor needs a clear differential diagnosis of back pain.
To understand why the patient hurts the lower back, you need to undergo an additional examination. The doctor will appoint a set of laboratory and instrumental methods, the results of which will help to make the correct conclusion. These include such studies:
- General tests of blood and urine.
- Biochemistry of blood (markers of inflammation, rheumatological tests, urea, creatinine, etc.).
- Analysis of urine by Nechiporenko, Zimnitsky.
- Analysis of secretions from the genital organs, feces.
- Radiography of the spine.
- Magnetic resonance and computed tomography.
- Ultrasound of internal organs.
- Endoscopy of the intestine.
If necessary, the list of diagnostic procedures is expanded. All possibilities are used to establish the source of pain.
To treat vertebrogenic diseases is necessary based on the nature of the pathological process and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.
The possibility of concomitant states that also require adequate correction is taken into account.
If the causes of pain that are not related to the spine are excluded, then the treatment is performed by a vertebrologist, neuropathologists or an orthopedic trauma specialist.
As with other diseases, an important place in the correction of axial skeletal disorders is medication. To achieve a lasting effect, use medications that affect the various links of the pathology. As a rule, the following drugs are prescribed:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (Orthofen, Arthrosan, Nimesil).
- Muscle relaxants (Tolperil, Midokalm).
- Vitamins (Vitaxon, Milgamma).
- Chondroprotectors (Mukosat, Teraflex, Alflutop).
When infection is infectious, antibiotics are necessary, and systemic diseases require hormonal therapy (Metired) and the appointment of cytostatics (Methotrexate).
In addition, local blockades with Novocaine and glucocorticoids (Diproospan, Kenalog) are used.
After elimination of acute symptoms, anti-inflammatory ointments (Dolobien, Fastum, Diklak) are used.
Drugs should only be prescribed by a specialist. The doctor is not responsible for the consequences of self-medication.
Complex treatment includes non-drug effects, which include physical methods.
With the help of procedures, muscle relaxation is achieved, blood flow in tissues is improved, biochemical processes are stimulated, which helps to reduce pain and inflammation.
When a lesion of the axial skeleton is recommended to use such means of physiotherapy:
- Electro- and phonophoresis.
- Laser treatment.
- Wave Therapy.
- Water and mud therapy.
What procedures are necessary for a particular patient and how many sessions should be taken to obtain the effect, the doctor will determine.
An obligatory component of treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system is gymnastics. Exercises should be done for every person who has pain in the lower back, connected with the spine.
Only medical movements will help restore previous activity, prevent further exacerbations and progression of pathology.
And if in the beginning it is necessary to reduce the load on the spine, wear special corsets and more to be in a horizontal position, then, as the pain subsides, the regime expands:
- Lying on the back, perform movements of the lower limbs: flexion and extension in the joints, retraction.
- Lying on the abdomen, simultaneously raise the opposite arm and leg.
- Being on all fours, bend the back up and down.
- From the standing position they make legs with legs, torso with the trunk.
- Vis on a Swedish wall or a horizontal bar.
Therapeutic exercises are performed only after acute pain is eliminated. Classes should be gradual and regular.
Massage and manual therapy
Methods of manual influence on the spine are very popular. During the massage, the muscles of the back relax and the blood flow in the soft tissues improves.
A manual therapy allows you to perform a gentle decompression of nerve fibers, eliminate subluxations of joints and functional blocks.
Such treatment, like physical education, is applied after the elimination of acute phenomena.
In case of ineffectiveness of conservative measures, the question of surgical correction is considered.
In an operative way eliminate pathological formations in the spine that are a source of pain: osteophytes, disc hernias, bone fragments.
Non-viable tissues are removed, as well as fixing unstable segments. After this, it is necessary to wear a corset and go through a rehabilitation course.
To find out why there were pains in the lower back, it is necessary to undergo a detailed examination, which It should include differential diagnosis of vertebrogenic pathology from internal damage bodies. Based on the results, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment. And its effectiveness largely depends on the patient himself and the implementation of the recommendations received.
A source: http://1lustiness.ru/zhenskie-bolezni/kategoriya/73970-bolit-niz-spiny-lechenie
Why does pain appear in the lower back?
Almost every person can suffer from back pain at the bottom. To get rid of such pain it is necessary to determine the cause of its appearance. The specialist can help in this. Because of what does the lower back hurt, and how to treat this pathology correctly?
Causes of a pathological phenomenon
Any kind of pain is a signal about any violations of the human body. If the lower back hurts, the reasons can be very diverse. They can be classified into the following groups:
- Household overwork.
- Problems associated with impaired spinal function.
- Gynecological ailments.
- Period of pregnancy.
- Urolithiasis and kidney disease.
- Urological pathology.
- Failures in the work of the intestine.
The pain can be of different nature, namely: chronic or acute, coming or sudden, permanent or aching. Such pain can arise in women, and in men, and even in children.
Most often, such categories of people are susceptible to pain in the back:
- Traumatic injuries.
- Age over 50 years.
- They have problems with the musculoskeletal system.
- In the anamnesis of which there are other chronic ailments.
- Abuse bad habits.
- Pregnant women.
The treatment of such painful sensations depends on the cause, which provoked their appearance. It is carried out, as a rule, by the attending physician after a complete examination.
Problems with the spine
The most common cause of pain in the lumbar region and the sacrum, as a rule, are pathological processes in the spine. The ailments that provoke such pain are as follows:
The pain and crunch in the back and joints with time can lead to terrible consequences - local or complete restriction of movements in the joint and spine until disability. People who have learned the bitter experience to cure joints use a natural remedy recommended by the orthopedist Bubnovsky ...Read more »
In addition to all of the above, there are factors that also affect the functioning of the spine, so that pain may appear at the bottom of the back. They are as follows:
- a sharp rise in gravity from the top down;
- incorrect posture when working at the desk;
- fatigue, associated with frequent slopes during work, for example, in the country;
- long uncomfortable motionless pose in the car;
- overload training, especially for beginners.
The lower back on the left and right can also hurt due to the lifting of the weight with one hand, which results in a sharp bending of the spine in the opposite direction. Another pain on the left in the lower back indicates the advanced stage of the disease. These include:
When the bottom hurts, the cause may be intestinal ailments, hormonal disruptions or obesity.
The most correct decision in the manifestation of such painful sensations on the left and right side is to consult a specialist for advice.
Pain in the lower back in women can be associated not only with diseases of the spine, but also with gynecological problems.
Among these there are:
- threat of detachment of the fetal egg in the first trimester of pregnancy;
- infectious diseases of the pelvic organs;
- cervical cancer;
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometritis);
- omission or prolapse of the uterus;
- ectopic pregnancy;
- rupture of the ovary or cyst, its twisting;
- myoma of the ovaries.
The aforementioned ailments require urgent treatment in a medical institution.
Also a common cause of lumbar pain after childbirth is a rupture of the pelvic floor muscles. Pain manifestations are then felt not only at the bottom of the back, but in the abdomen, waist and sacrum.
A little bit about secrets
Have you ever experienced constant pain in your back and joints? Judging by the fact that you are reading this article - with osteochondrosis, arthrosis and arthritis, you are already familiar personally.
Surely you have tried a bunch of medicines, creams, ointments, injections, doctors and, apparently - none of the above you did not help ...
And this has an explanation: pharmacists simply do not benefit from selling a working remedy, as they will lose customers! Nevertheless, Chinese medicine for millennia knows the prescription for getting rid of these diseases, and it is simple and understandable.Read more ».
Most often, the back and lower abdomen of the female half hurts because of the menstrual cycle. In this period, the development of so-called mediators of pain called prostaglandins is increasing. In a certain period of menstruation, this pain disappears on its own..
During pregnancy, there may also be lumbar pain.
This is due to the fact that the intrauterine fetus grows, becomes larger in size, and the ability to tolerate the burden of a woman, as a rule, decreases.
In addition, progesterone, which is actively produced during pregnancy, makes the joints and ligaments weak.
Renal ailments and urological problems
Lumbar pain can be seen by doctors as one of the signs of kidney disease - jade.
In this case, the pains are permanent, and if there is urolithiasis, then they are aggravated by shaking and walking.
With the development of cystitis, pain manifestations are felt more in the suprapubic part, but can also be given in the lower back. Additional symptoms of such ailments, for more correct diagnosis, are:
- resists and burning with urination;
- feverish condition;
- change in color of urine;
- general malaise.
If men appear below the back of pain, then first of all it is necessary to exclude such pathological processes as prostatitis and adenoma. This will help and additional symptoms with such ailments of the prostate:
- decreased potency;
- inconvenient urination:
- discharge from the urethra.
A source: http://TvoyPozvonok.ru/pochemu-poyavlyaetsya-bol-vnizu-spiny.html
How to get rid of back pain?
Pain in the spine, in recent years, has become one of the most common symptoms that patients complain about when they visit medical facilities.
Such pain is not a separate nosological unit, but a clinical manifestation of a number of ailments.
Of particular importance to this symptom is the fact that often with an acute pain syndrome, the ability to move and the work capacity of people is significantly limited.
In a large number of cases, the explanation of the cause is not very difficult. It is enough to consult a doctor, he carefully examines you, can send for analysis or, for example, an X-ray.
Pain relief is directly correlated with the definition of its cause, that is, the disease or process that has affected your body. Treatment should be selected individually for each situation.
Medical statistics indicate that this symptom is very rare in children, but if it occurs, it indicates the occurrence of a disease of internal organs in the baby.
As a person grows up, the likelihood of a pain syndrome in the area of the spinal column increases.
Elderly people face it almost every day and only 25% who have this anomaly go to the hospital.
Violation of posture
A prerequisite for the appearance of pain in the back is a violation of posture. It is important that often a disorder causes scoliosis. Symptoms that confirm the presence of scoliosis:
- visible deformities of the spinous processes of the vertebrae;
- asymmetry of shoulder blades, shoulders and folds in the waist, which do not disappear when you sit down;
- asymmetry of the paraspinal muscles;
- severe thoracic kyphosis and changes in the sagittal plane.
Sometimes, there is a lordosis, it is also characterized by violations of posture. It almost always has a secondary character and is caused either by the pelvic forward inclinations, or pathological processes in the hip joints.
Deformation of the spine can be both functional and anatomical. Functional curvatures occur with muscle spasms or short legs in a child.
Anatomical curvatures may be symptoms of acquired or congenital pathologies..
Another lesion of the spine occurs in the case of Sheyermann-Mau disease (juvenile kyphosis), Prader-Willi syndrome, spinal cord injuries..
Also, with rickets (non-fixed kyphosis, which is due to a weak ligamentous-muscular apparatus), spondylitis is tuberculosis.
All these diseases are accompanied by pain syndromes of different nature and strength.
Osteochondrosis is a complex of disorders of the dystrophic type affecting the articular cartilage. It can begin in completely different joints, but often it affects the intervertebral discs.
Osteochondrosis happens, manifests itself at the most unexpected moment.
A person who does not experience discomfort until this time, can sharply feel an acute attack of pain, a partial weakening of the motor function.
The patient experiences a painful attack at the time when the intervertebral discs began to collapse. Acute soreness is felt during compression of vessels and nerve endings.
The ailment delivers patients a powerful pain and quality of life significantly worsens. Although despite serious symptoms, radiculitis of the spine is successfully treated operatively. Of course, surgery is very rarely required.
Pain syndrome appears rather sharply in the spine, it often localizes in the lower, in the middle, at the top of it. The pains are localized only on one side of our body, that is, left or right.
Usually, the causes of radiculitis are deformities of the bones and herniated intervertebral discs. Young people rarely have radiculitis. Risk usually increases in middle age, but most of all risk those who are somewhere in their 50s.
And in the process of moving beyond this bar the probability of the disease begins to fall.
- It starts with a feeling of chill, a rise in temperature (often up to 40.0) and a rapid heartbeat.
- A couple of days later, there is pain, characterized by localization over the injury site.
- Appears edema in the lesion and redness (hyperemia) of the skin, limited motor activity.
- If you have chronic osteomyelitis, then on the skin there are traces of fistulous moves (wounds, rounded shape with pus). If you suspect an appearance of osteomyelitis, you need to urgently go to the doctor. The treatment of this pathological process is handled by a surgeon.
When the load is applied, the internal substances of the disc can swell. Thus, they break through the rigid outer membrane, the entire disk is deformed.
If the subsequent activity or injury provokes a rupture or tear in the shell, then the substance can influence pressure on the nerves, diverging from it or the spinal cord. This process causes severe pain, which weakens.
Such a clear signal will immediately stop all possible movements, and the next damage to the disk can become irreversible.
Herniated discs are very common in males, and for women they are typical at the age of 30-50 years, but sometimes, they appear in hyperactive children and adolescents. People of advanced age, rarely have liquid centers, because of this they are less prone to this pathology.
Tumors of the spinal column are quite rare - about 15% of cases among other bone lesions. But a large number of tumors of the spine, taking into account benign neoplasms, proceed very hard.
They are accompanied by disorders of sensitivity and motor functions, can even lead to disability. Certain causes of the appearance of tumors in most situations have not been established.
However, for example, trauma and heredity increase the risk of their occurrence.
A typical element of the symptoms of spine tumors, all sorts of origins and all kinds of localizations, is pain. Painful spasms in the back are initially vague, weak. As the tumor grows, the force of pain increases. She achieves unbearable sensations, becomes painful.
Methods of treatment
You can start therapy only after knowing the cause of the pain. Usually, to determine it, you need to undergo examination (radiography, computed tomography, laboratory tests of blood / urine and the like). After these procedures, the specialist puts the diagnosis and outlines the course of treatment.
A competent treatment of pain syndrome is carried out only in a hospital.
Regardless of the reasons, the patient is prescribed medications that quickly and with a lasting effect stop soreness..
After that, taking into account your condition, prescribe non-steroid preparations against inflammation, the doctor selects therapy that strengthens health. Ill, undergoes a course of exercise therapy and massages..
Note that you need to rest properly after strong physical exertion. Lying should be on the back with legs that are not raised. If the back hurts after sleep, then you need an orthopedic mattress, and if the pain becomes regular and strong, then the specialist can make a blockade.
If the massage is performed correctly, then the effect on the ligaments, joints, muscles will allow to correct most of the local pathologies.
For example, correct such violations, as a subluxation of the joint or muscle tension.
The procedure of manual therapy helps to effectively and quickly eliminate pain syndrome.
Only address to experts of the business! That is, doctors specializing in massage.
An incorrectly performed procedure can cause severe complications.
It is absolutely not permissible to apply to the average health workers and people without medical education. Remember, the massage has contraindications.
Treatment is carried out by affecting the affected area:
- high and low temperature;
- magnetic field;
- electric current;
- laser beams;
- ultraviolet rays;
- therapeutic mud;
- water procedures.
Physiotherapeutic therapy is recognized as the most preferable, as it has high safety, efficiency and accessibility.
This way of treating pain in the back is very ancient. It is based on the use of water for the patient's recovery.
It consists in the action: water jets, contrast shower, diving into water and wiping with a towel soaked in water.
Clinical trials confirm that hydrotherapy, with regular application, can reduce pain in the spine and joints.
"Getting Rid of Back Pain"
From this video you will learn how to get rid of back pain at home.
A source: https://prospinu.com/anatomija/boli-v-spine/bolit-niz-spiny.html