Prolonged runny nose in adults: causes and treatmentA prolonged runny nose in an adult is a rather unpleasant and widespread phenomenon.With this problem in the cold season almost everything collides, and only a person with strong immunity can remain healthy. Runny nose is the first sign of a cold, and it can also go on without other cold symptoms. It is common to call rhinitis, which does not last for 2 weeks.
Causes of prolonged cold in an adult
The adult does not go through a runny nose for a certain reason:
- First of all, you should pay attention to the state of the environment.If the work is related to harmful substances, a person has to stay in a dusty place for a long time, there is a chance of developing a chronic allergic rhinitis.
- Runny nose for a long time can bother a person and at home, this occurs in the case of allergic reactions to household dust, as well as dust mites.
There are other causes of a prolonged runny nose in an adult, among which: excessively dry air in the room.
Usually there is a lingering rhinitis from the dryness of air during the heating season.
Solve the problem of dryness of the nasal mucosa by increasing the air humidity by using an air humidifier.
Otolaryngologists sometimes speak of congenital causes of chronic colds. According to them, many congenital diseases and anomalies disrupt the normal functioning of the nasopharynx, as a result of which excess mucus is constantly released from the nose. Among such anomalies are violations in the structure of the facial skeleton - curvature of the nasal septum, an increase and deformation of the nasal concha and other pathological processes.
In rare cases, the runny nose does not go away for a long time due to the development of systemic hereditary diseases, among which most often there is the Kartagener syndrome.With the development of this ailment in the entire human body, there is a disruption of the functioning of the ciliated epithelium, which ensures the excretion of mucus from the mucous membranes. As a result of such disorders, mucus begins to stagnate and accumulate in the nasopharynx and bronchi. The disease is manifested with rhinitis and cough, while the secretion of yellow or yellow-green color can be released from the respiratory tract.
Among the causes of protracted rhinitis in adults, experts also call some autoimmune diseases. It can be:
Wegener's granulomatosis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, systemic scleroderma, in which a prolonged rhinitis often occurs.
Medicinal runny nose for a long time
In otolaryngology, a notion is known as a medicinal runny nose, which is also characterized by a prolonged course.The disease is caused by improper use of vasoconstrictors, in some cases it occurs as a side effect when using certain medications. Medicinal, or medicinal rhinitis is manifested by abundant clear secretions from the nasal cavity, reminiscent of an allergic reaction of the body. Also this form of protracted rhinitis may be manifested by the embeddedness of one or two immediately nasal passages.
Medicinal rhinitis caused by long-term use of vasoconstrictive drugs is called a "ricochet" runny nose. It develops when the course and dosage of vasoconstricting drops or sprays is exceeded.
How to cure a prolonged runny nose in an adult: drugs to treat a prolonged cold
Most people do not know what to do if they do not go through a runny nose in an adult or a child for a long time. First of all, it is necessary to visit a specialist's office with a view to examining the nasal cavity. The otolaryngologist based on the condition of the nasal mucosa and the patient's complaints will diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment of the disease.
Treatment of a prolonged runny nose should be immediate, comprehensive and systematic.In this case, do not forget about its effectiveness and safety for the patient. To get rid of the inflammatory process, you need to take medications and perform some physiotherapy.
How to cure a prolonged runny nose in an adult, I should say a specialist.
Usually patients expect the appointment of really effective remedies, since prolonged rhinitis, as a rule, is accompanied by nasal congestion, abundant secretion of mucus, headaches, impaired sense of smell, general weakness and discomfort.
Treatment of a prolonged runny nose in an adult can not do without the use of medications aimed at strengthening the walls of the vessels of the nasal mucosa. As a result of such therapy, blood circulation in the affected area of the body improves, and all previously disrupted nasopharyngeal functions are restored. Such drugs, as a rule, have no side effects, but can cause addiction to the body.
The admission of these drugs is contraindicated in patients who are diagnosed with "medicinal rhinitis because it is the vasoconstrictor and triggered the development of the disease.
Than to treat the tightened rhinitis at the adult: tablets, drops and a spray
Some experts on the issue of patients than to treat a protracted rhinitis in adults, prescribe the use of drugs Sinupret in tablets and Fliksonase for washing the nasal passages. This therapy removes the swelling of the mucous membrane and promotes a faster elimination of mucus from the nasal passages.
Often with a prolonged rhinitis, the mucous membrane is damaged, it becomes inflamed, and crusts form on it. Get rid of this help children's cream-balm Healer, which can be used by adults. They need to lubricate the nasal cavity 5 times a day, until the intensity of manifestation of rhinitis decreases, then it is enough to put the balm in your nose just before bedtime.
Another option, how to treat a prolonged runny nose, is the alternation of drops of Sinuphorte and Spray of Nasobek.
How to treat a prolonged runny nose by irrigation?Do not forget about the procedure, such as irrigation, which is the washing of the nasal cavity in order to purify it of pathological contents - mucus and pathogens.For irrigation, such solutions are most often used:
- saline solution - at ½ st. warm boiled water is used 0, 5 tbsp. l. sea salt or common salt;
- chamomile solution - 1 tbsp. l. salt on a glass of chamomile;
- eucalyptus solution - 1 hour. l. eucalyptus oil on a glass of boiled water.
The procedure is effective for allergic, viral and bacterial rhinitis.After it, nasal breathing improves and the amount of mucus released decreases. For irrigation, you can also use seawater-based sprays or a special Dolphin device.
Knowing how to cure a long runny nose, you can avoid the development of many complications.
Against the backdrop of prolonged rhinitis often occurs sinusitis, otitis media, bronchitis, pneumonia and other serious diseases.
Possible causes of a prolonged runny nose in an adult
In the modern world, a prolonged runny nose in an adult is a fairly common phenomenon. In addition to shortness of breath, this condition can be accompanied by purulent or clear discharge from the nose, itching, dryness, headaches, lacrimation and other unpleasant symptoms. Few did not come across a runny nose, especially in the cold season. The usual cold with proper treatment and a strong immune system is an average of a week. If the symptoms and manifestations of rhinitis make themselves felt for a longer period (weeks or months), you need to seek professional help. After all, it can be no longer just an easy indisposition, but a protracted runny nose, capable of acquiring chronic form, therefore, it is necessary to find out its cause and take measures aimed at recovery.
Varieties of pathology
Prolonged rhinitis can cause a variety of reasons, ranging from seasonal allergies and ending with the incorrect treatment of infectious diseases.The following types of rhinitis are distinguished:
Any form of rhinitis can go into chronic form in the absence of timely and proper treatment.Prolonged breathing difficulty leads to the appearance of dyspnea, the appearance and progression of symptoms of bronchial asthma. This is a serious condition that requires a long and versatile treatment, so when lingering rhinitis, the obligatory help of an otolaryngologist, an allergist and pulmonologist is necessary. Self-medication in this case is unacceptable, since it can lead to more severe consequences.
To a separate category of diseases associated with a common cold, one can include psychosomatic rhinitis, having not physiological, but psychological causes and is the consequence of various disorders the psyche. In this case, the help of a professional psychotherapist is already needed, which will offer alternative medicine and various types of psychotherapy as a treatment.
Types and causes of rhinitis
Rhinitis is the calling card of many diseases caused by infections of a viral or bacteriological nature. Angina, sinusitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis - is not a complete list of diseases accompanied by a runny nose. Under adverse conditions, the symptoms of the disease can become chronic.
Allergic rhinitisAllergy is the leader among the causes of a prolonged protracted runny nose in adults.
In severe cases, symptoms can persist year round, causing a lot of inconvenience to patients.
The environment surrounding a person contains a huge amount of allergens (pollen of plants, household dust, chemicals, animal hair), and with a decrease protective function of the immune system, allergies may occur, accompanied by a runny nose, nasal congestion, a cut in the eyes, lacrimation and headaches pain.
Progressing allergies can lead to the development of bronchial asthma.
Runny nose may occur as a side effect of taking some medications, and also be a consequence of the abuse of vasoconstrictive drops. Taking drops from nasal congestion has strict limitations, which patients often neglect. Thus, the use of vasoconstrictive drugs for more than 3-5 days causes habituation of the nasal mucosa. After drug cancellation the mucous membrane swells even more than at the beginning of the disease, which leads to a new coil of droplet reception. Addiction leads to a gradual increase in the dose and chronic edema, proliferation of mucous membranes, which can only be managed surgically.
Atrophic rhinitisAtrophic rhinitis can be caused both by external harmful influence (an unfavorable ecological environment) and by congenital, hereditary factors.
The disease is characterized by thinning or proliferation of the mucosa, its atrophy, loss of smell, in certain cases - fetid odor from the nasal sinuses.
Atrophic rhinitis requires conservative or surgical treatment.
The causes of vasomotor rhinitis are not yet fully understood. It is believed that the rhinitis of the vessels in the nasal cavity causes a runny nose. As a result of the active activity of the nerve endings of the parasympathetic nervous system, the blood vessels overflow with blood, causing swelling of the nasal mucosa. These symptoms can worsen when the person goes to the cold, when inhaled sharp odors, with increased emotional stress and stress.
Specific types of colds
Also, a prolonged course of rhinitis may be due to:
- Congenital diseases and anomalies.
The most common congenital causes of rhinitis are the curvature of the nasal septum and the wrong structure of the facial part of the skull, deformation and enlargement of the nasal concha.
- Getting injured.
- Pathological increase in nasopharyngeal tonsil (adenoiditis).
The increase in the pharyngeal tonsil is caused by the proliferation of lymphoid tissue. In this case, the nasal inputs overlap, stiffness occurs, and normal air access is limited. According to statistics, this pathology is most often diagnosed in children, but cases of proliferation of lymphoid tissue in adults are not uncommon.
- Fall into the sinuses of the nose of foreign bodies, including parasites.
In the nasal cavity of man, both animals and plant parasites can live. These are worms (pinworms, roundworms), larvae of various insects, leeches, and also some kinds of fungi (for example, candida fungus, which causes thrush of the mucous membranes of the nose). An accurate diagnosis is established on the basis of blood tests, smears from the nose and microscopic examination of secretions.
- Benign proliferation of the mucous membrane (polyps in the nose).
- The presence of any disease, a symptom of which is a protracted runny nose.
One such disease is hypothyroidism - a decrease in thyroid function, in which the body a person suffers from a lack of hormones and there is edema of connective tissues, including nasopharynx. You can identify the disease by passing a blood test to the level of thyroid hormones. Other diseases associated with nasal congestion include:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- cystic fibrosis;
- Wegener's granulomatosis;
- Carthage syndrome.
To prevent the transition of a common cold to a chronic form, you need to monitor your health, follow the instructions of the attending physician and in every way temper the body. The benefits of vocal exercises for adults, breathing exercises, walks through the forest and the sea coast are proved. Burying vasoconstrictive drops is better to replace the procedure of washing the nose with infusions of medicinal herbs (after consultation with an ENT doctor and if there is no allergy) or inhalation. When treating a cold it is important to make an accurate diagnosis. Often, curing the underlying disease leads to the disappearance of symptoms of rhinitis.
How to treat a runny nose in an adult, if it does not pass 2 weeks
A common cold in an adult can provoke prolonged exposure to cold or infection. Despite the fact that this condition can not be called pleasant, it does not carry any particular danger if the treatment is started on time. But there are cases when the rhinitis does not leave the human body for a long time. There are various reasons for this, which will be considered later.
How to treat a runny nose in a newborn, you can find out by reading this article.
What contributes to
The reason for long-term rhinitis may consist in allergies, prolonged use of vasoconstrictive drops, untimely treatment, in the transition of the common cold into a chronic form.
If the rhinitis lasts more than 2 -3 weeks
When the runny nose does not pass for 2-3 weeks already, there is no need to panic, as for a week it just does not go away. During this time it is very important to understand the cause of its formation and continue the symptomatic treatment that was prescribed by your doctor.
How to use the right spray for an allergic rhinitis is indicated in this article.
If more than a month
Here if rhinitis disturbs you within a month, 2 months and more, then this is cause for concern. But do not panic and start self-therapy.In this case it is important to consult a doctor, so that he can re-specify the diagnosis.Very often, the reason for such a prolonged rhinitis is the transition to a chronic stage. In this case, the doctor can diagnose vasomotor and allergic rhinitis.
What to do when pershit in the throat and runny nose, you can learn from the article.
The most common cause of this ailment is the frequent use of vasoconstrictive drops. Vasomotor rhinitis is one of the most common forms of chronic rhinitis. It arises because of a strong reaction of the blood capillaries of the nasal mucosa. It is also called the neuro-vascular rhinitis.
The main manifestations of a vasomotor runny nose include:
- mucous discharge and nasal passages when the heat is changed to cold;
- nasal congestion during nervous tension;
- congestion of mucus in the throat;
- poor sleep;
- pain in the head.
The video discusses the situation if the runny nose of an adult does not pass 2 weeks:
For such a form of the common cold, the nasal congestion is inherent. This is especially evident in the prone position. In addition to dependence on medicines, there are a number of factors that cause a vasomotor runny nose:
- environmental factors that irritate the nasal mucosa - dust, smoke;
- dependence on weather conditions;
- emotional stress;
- hormonal disbalance;
What remedy for the common cold in pregnancy 3 trimester is best used, you can learn from this article.
If you make the right treatment and start on time, then you can eliminate the chronic runny nose at any stage. In this case it is very important to be persistent and to follow all the doctor's recommendations accurately.
If you are actively engaged in treatment, the runny nose does not go away, then the cause is allergy. To make sure of this, the doctor will send a blood test. If the doctor's fears are confirmed, then after you pass the test for the allergen. The most common cause of allergies lies in the following:
- pet hair;
- certain food products;
- house dust;
- household chemicals;
- Poplar fluff;
- tobacco smoke;
- smell of cosmetics;
What to do when the child has watery eyes and a runny nose, you can find out by reading the article.
The video tells you what to do if you do not have a runny nose for a long time:
Symptoms of seasonal rhinitis are as follows:
- frequent discharge from the nasal passages;
- redness and discharge of tears from the eyes;
- nasal congestion;
- frequent sneezing.
What are the folk remedies for the common cold and nasal congestion, indicated in the article.
The disease worries about six months and more
Such a period of rhinitis is very long and may indicate the presence of its transition to a chronic stage. But very often the runny nose is a symptom of a serious illness. Such pathologies include sinusitis and sinusitis.
How to get rid of the common cold by folk remedies, you can find out by reading the article.
When a cough comes along with a runny nose, the doctor often diagnoses sinusitis. It is divided into certain types, taking into account the place of concentration of the inflammatory process:
The video tells about sinusitis and the situation, if the cold does not pass more than a month:
The cause of this ailment lies in the presence of an infection that has concentrated in the paranasal sinuses. Sinusitis is characterized by the following manifestations:
- nasal obstruction;
- from the nose secretion of purulent mucus;
- loss of smell;
- pain syndrome in the area of the facial bones;
- night cough.
How to treat folk remedies for an allergic rhinitis, is indicated in the article.
Rarely, the patient may experience a rise in temperature and general fatigue. The danger of sinusitis is the transition of infection from the sphenoid sinus to the brain.
If you do not treat the treatment with all seriousness, and the rhinitis does not last for six months or more, then most likely you have this kind of sinusitis, like sinusitis. This disease is an inflammatory process of the maxillary sinus, the cause of which is an untreated rhinitis or cold. The patient may experience the following symptoms:
- rise in temperature to 37-380 C;
- painful sensations in the temporal region and nose;
- nasal obstruction;
- heaviness in the head;
- loss of smell;
- painful sensations in the nasal area of a growing character.
on the video after Orvi does not go through a runny nose (sinusitis)
From this article you can learn how to distinguish an allergic rhinitis from the usual.
Only timely and effective treatment allows you to get rid of the common cold quickly. If, for some reason, this did not happen, the doctor, after re-diagnosing, prescribes another course of therapy.
Long-term rhinitis after ARI
It is very important in such a disease not to allow the mucus to dry out and form crusts. Otherwise, the person will breathe through the mouth. From time to time, nasal passages need to be cleaned and monitor the humidity in the room.
It is not necessary to apply with this rhinitis vasoconstrictive drug, since they only temporarily relieve swelling and stuffiness of the nose. If you use them for a long time, you can earn a chronic rhinitis. It is advisable to use such medications in order to prevent sinusitis, but the therapeutic course should not exceed 7 days.
What to do when a child has an allergic rhinitis and cough, you can learn from this article.
To eliminate this runny nose it is worth using antihistamines - Suprastin and Diazolin.Often, doctors include homeopathic medicines in the treatment regimen, which have no side effects. The most popular drug is Edas-131.
Long and thick
Such a lingering rhinitis should be treated with vasoconstrictive drops and sprays. Then it will be possible to restore normal nasal breathing. You can use Vibrocil, Glazolin, Xylen. But do not get too carried away by them, otherwise habituation will arise. To dilute the mucus, the doctor may prescribe Rinoflumacil.
A very effective procedure is the washing of the nose. To do this, use salt solutions Aquamaris, Dolphin. Thanks to them, it is possible to dilute the thick mucus and it is easy to remove it from the nasal passages in the process of blowing out.
Salt solution can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared independently. Take a dessert spoon of sea salt and dissolve it in 500 ml of boiled water. If sea salt is not available, can use the cookery. The cooking process is similar to the previous version. The washing procedure should be performed at least 4 times throughout the day.
With a prolonged thick rhinitis, it is very important to apply local antibacterial drops - Polydex, Bioparox, Isofra. When rhinitis is accompanied by complications, the doctor prescribes antibiotics.
To achieve maximum effect, you can combine the methods of traditional medicine with folk methods. Such measures allow to achieve a speedy recovery and prevent the formation of complications.
The most popular are the following recipes for folk treatment of a dense rhinitis:
- Rinse the nose with a solution of aloe juice, onion, calanchoe.
- Steam inhalations with the help of boiled potatoes, medicinal herbs. Carry out treatment is 3 times a day. Carry out inhalations carefully so as not to get a burn of the airways.
- Soar your feet.To conduct the procedure, you should dial hot water into the basin to a level that covers the shins.So sit 15 minutes, and then put on warm socks, which will be filled with mustard.
- Drip the nose with a remedy obtained from the yarrow herb and flowers of oregano. To make drops take a tablespoon of herbs, add 250 ml of boiling water, wait half an hour. Judge, strain and bury your nose.
Prolonged rhinitis in expectant mothers
During the gestation of a child, in addition to the usual rhinitis that has arisen against the background of a cold or allergy, a woman may have a runny nose for a long time. It refers to varieties of the vasomotor runny nose, which occurs due to hormonal changes. As a result, there is swelling of the nasal mucosa.
Use of traditional medicine in this case is inexpedient because of their inefficiency. But no one forbids them to apply, because every person has his own features.
The video tells what to do if the runny nose does not pass during pregnancy:
To treat a protracted runny nose, pregnant women should use local thermal manipulation. To warm the nasal sinuses is to use a bag of sand or salt. For such procedures, the blue lamp is very suitable. To facilitate breathing help inhalation with menthol oil. On the day to perform such manipulations 3-4.
The most effective procedure in treating a runny nose in future mothers is washing. Use ready-made salt solutions Marimer, Aquamoris. Very positively affect the washing with the help of decoctions of medicinal herbs (chamomile, sage). Perform washing 2-3 times a day.
Pregnant women can use vasoconstrictive nasal drops, but only after they are approved by the attending physician. Use Vibrocil, Nazivin according to dosage for children. But to drip a nose only in case of strong zalozhennosti and a dyscomfort.Treatment with vasoconstrictive drops during pregnancy should not last more than 3 days. Otherwise, you can damage the health of the baby and mom.
Treatment of the common cold is a very important point, because often due to late treatment, you can earn a protracted rhinitis, which turns into a chronic stage. Be more attentive to your health and follow all the prescriptions of the doctor, then the runny nose will disappear as suddenly as it appeared.
Tip 1: How to cure a protracted runny nose
The main causes of protracted cold are complications of infections, as well as manifestations of allergies. Treatment in these cases should be carried out simultaneously in several directions.
Treatment of a protracted cold
Therapy of a protracted rhinitis takes place simultaneously in the following directions: exposure to mucous membranes shell of the nose, elimination of the cause and provoking factors, stimulation of the body's immunity, prevention relapses. If prolonged rhinitis is a consequence of not cured colds or infectious diseases, the choice of medication for treatment depends on the symptoms and health status. With abundant and transparent discharge from the nose, vasoconstrictive drugs are used (Otrivin, Adranol, Sanorin, Nazivin, Ximelin, Vibrocil, etc.).
If the runny nose has an atrophic form, which is manifested by thick and lean secretions and from the nose, antibacterial preparations ("Pinosol" drops, "Bactroban" ointment, "Polidex" spray) should be used. You should also wash your nose with saline solutions or use special sprays (Aqualor, Salin, Aqua Maris). For a few months, a protracted runny nose is treated with physiotherapeutic procedures, a laser, and surgical intervention.
Treatment of a protracted runny nose with allergies should begin with the termination of contact with a substance that causes negative symptoms. Clear manifestations of allergic rhinitis are the sudden onset of the disease, the absence of signs of a cold, the presence of characteristic signs (lacrimation, abundant discharge from the nose, multiple sneezing, difficult nasal breathing), ineffectiveness of conventional means used in runny nose. To treat the manifestations of allergy use drugs of one group - antihistamines in the second row ("Loratadin "Kestin "Clarinase "Zirtek "Telfast "Allergodil"). These medicines do not cause drowsiness, weakness, headache and impaired coordination.
How to treat a protracted runny nose
A protracted runny nose can be caused by endocrine disorders, a reflex action on the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx. Its causes may be a change in the temperature of food or air, emotional stress, overwork. In this case, the use of multivitamins and biostimulators is recommended. Wellness activities, frequent airing of the premises, long exposure to fresh air, sports will be useful.
Prolonged rhinitis can be cured by traditional medicine. The inhalation of fumes of chopped garlic or onions is good. The procedure should be performed three times a day for 5-8 minutes. With a prolonged runny nose, you can use aloe juice mixed with honey. It is necessary to wrap a sheet of plant in black paper and put it for 14 hours in the refrigerator. Then squeeze out the juice and mix it with 1/3 of a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is digested in the nose three times a day by a full pipette into each nostril. Folk remedies for the treatment of a protracted runny nose should be used only after consulting a doctor.