Bursitis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment at home

Content

  • 1Bursitis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment at home
    • 1.1Symptoms of inflammation of the elbow joint
    • 1.2Chronic bursitis
    • 1.3People's means
    • 1.4Medicines
    • 1.5Therapy with surgery
    • 1.6: how and what to treat bursitis elbow
  • 2Bursitis of the elbow joint - treatment with folk remedies
    • 2.1The essence of pathology
    • 2.2Bursitis. "About the most important"
    • 2.3General Therapy Rules
    • 2.4Folk remedies
    • 2.5Features of nutrition
    • 2.6Recovery period
    • 2.7Prevention
    • 2.8These materials will be of interest to you:
  • 3What is elbow joint bursitis and how to treat it?
    • 3.1Varieties of bursitis
    • 3.2Why bursitis occurs
    • 3.3Main features
    • 3.4How is help with elbow bursitis
    • 3.5Medication help
    • 3.6Use of folk methods
  • 4Bursitis of the elbow joint - symptoms and treatment
    • 4.1Anatomical features
    • 4.2Etiological factors
    • 4.3Risk group
    • 4.4Clinical signs
    • 4.5Diagnostics
    • 4.6Methods of elimination of the disease
    • 4.7Medication Therapy
    • 4.8Dimexide treatment
    • 4.9Alternative therapy
    • 4.10Hirudotherapy
    • 4.11Conclusion
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  • 5Bursitis of the elbow joint: causes, symptoms, treatment
    • 5.1Description of the disease
    • 5.2Infectious and aseptic species of bursitis
    • 5.3Classification of the disease in the form of percolation
    • 5.4Varieties of bursitis due to the nature of the exudate
    • 5.5Why does bursitis develop?
    • 5.6How is the disease manifested?
    • 5.7Drug therapy of disease
    • 5.8Operative treatment

Bursitis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment at home

According to ICD-10, ulnar bursitis refers to soft tissue diseases associated with stress, overload and pressure. The cause of this ailment can be many factors.

Fighting it takes a lot of time, however, thanks to modern methods, in 95% of cases the outcome is successful. The medicine examined in detail the bursitis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment, diagnosis and prevention - every aspect is thoroughly studied by leading specialists.

If you think that this disease threatens you, read the general information about it, so as not to be ignorant.

Symptoms of inflammation of the elbow joint

To effectively combat the insidious disease, you need to know clearly how it manifests itself. Medicine identifies two forms of purulent bursitis of the elbow joint: acute and chronic.

Each of them is characterized by its symptoms and developmental features.

To inflammation synovial bag did not take you by surprise, study in detail the symptoms of this disease.

Hemorrhagic bursitis of the elbow joint in an acute form manifests itself openly. In patients suffering from this disease, the following is noted:

  • severe puffiness of the elbow joint region;
  • an increase in the synovial bag;
  • hyperthermia (fever);
  • redness on the skin from the side of the synovial bag;
  • difficulty in the movement of the joint;
  • painful sensations when bending the elbow.

Chronic bursitis

The chronic form of the bursitis of the synovial bag in the phase of remission practically does not cause anxiety.

The only reminder of the lingering illness is the swollen elbow (as shown in the photo). Inflammatory processes stop for a while. The patient feels much easier.

However, in the absence of proper treatment, systematic loads are strictly prohibited.

People who have paid attention in time to the development of pathology have a good chance to cure the elbow joint bursitis without hospitalization. This does not mean that one should blindly engage in self-medication.

If you notice the symptoms listed above, seek immediate medical attention. Doctors will put an accurate diagnosis and, if it's not too late for this, they will prescribe treatment at home.

Nowadays, there are a lot of folk and traditional remedies for fighting this disease. Use them to avoid complications.

People's means

Since ancient times, doctors have noticed that in some people with systematic physical exertion there is a tumor on the elbow. In addition, such manifestations were sometimes noted during intensive training.

In most cases, inflammation of the synovial bag was noted after serious damage. Post-traumatic bursitis was manifested several days after the impact or fall. To combat this disease we used natural folk remedies.

Nowadays these medicines also demonstrate high efficiency. Recipes for some of them you should write down for yourself:

  1. Vegetable compress. For the treatment of bursitis, potatoes, cabbage and beets are suitable. Mix them with each other is not necessary. To remove the process on the elbow, every evening at night make a compress of one vegetable. To do this, cut the potatoes / cabbage / beets in thin circles, lay them on a clean dry cloth and wrap around the diseased joint. For a warming effect, you can wrap your hand with a towel or scarf.
  2. Sugar. If the elbow joint hurts, use this product for a compress at night. Heat 150 grams of sugar in a frying pan. It is important that it is hot, but it does not melt. Pour the sugar into a small tissue pouch, attach it to a sore spot and wrap it with a towel. Repeat these procedures daily, until the pain in the elbow joint is over.
  3. Propolis lotion. Place 10 grams of propolis in a glass, add 100 ml of vodka, let it brew for 5-7 days. When the product is ready, soak the tissue and attach it to the affected joint. Repeat these procedures 2 times a day, until the pain is complete.
  4. Baths with an extract of pine needles. If a tumor appears on the elbow and you suspect that it is an articular bursitis, prepare a natural remedy that will help you recover quickly. Soak, -2 kilos of pine needles in water and boil for half an hour. After this, let it brew for 12-15 hours in a closed vessel. Type a full bath of water and add the prepared preparation (it is necessary to strain beforehand). The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. At night, it is worth wrapping a hand with a towel to ensure a warming effect.

Medicines

Each of us can hurt each other. No one is immune from this. After such traumas tumors can appear, which indicate the development of bursitis of the elbow joint. This does not happen with everyone, but to avoid complications, it is worth paying attention to the condition of the hand.

Elbow can swell the next day or two weeks - no doctor will tell exactly. If a painful densification appears, you will have to act urgently, otherwise purulent inflammation will develop from a slight swelling.

Write down, than to treat the bursitis of the elbow joint, in order to know how to act:

  1. "Collagen Ultra". Highly effective ointment, which quickly penetrates into the subcutaneous layer and activates the regeneration process of the affected cells. Begin using this remedy immediately after the onset of the tumor. Even if you do not face bursitis, "Collagen Ultra" will help normalize the functions of the damaged joint and provide an anti-inflammatory effect.
  2. Ketonal. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, which is a derivative of propionic acid. It is taken preorally. Has a powerful antipyretic and analgesic effect. This drug will help ease the condition, but no more. If other medicines and folk remedies do not help cope with the pathology, find out in the hospital which doctor is treating the elbow joint bursitis and immediately seek medical help.
  3. Dimexide. A powerful drug, which in its effectiveness is superior to many antibiotics. It is used for compresses. Strips of cloth impregnated with 25% solution of "Dimexide" and superimposed on the diseased joint. With systematic use, the inflammation of the synovial bag takes place within a few weeks.

Therapy with surgery

Surgical treatment of synovial bag inflammation is required when physiotherapy procedures, home compresses and medications do not help.

Studying the elbow joint bursitis, its symptoms and treatment, physicians found that in such cases there remains one effective way to combat inflammation - puncture.

This operation is the removal of pathological excess fluid, followed by the use of maintenance and preventive measures. The patient is given a local anesthesia, and then with the help of a syringe pumped out the blood accumulated in the synovial bag.

: how and what to treat bursitis elbow

A source: http://sovets.net/5141-bursit-loktevogo-sustava-simptomy-i-lechenie.html

Bursitis of the elbow joint - treatment with folk remedies

Bursitis is an inflammatory process in the joint bag. It can affect any joint, but most often it is localized in the elbow region.

This pathology has certain features. At the initial stage, her symptoms are almost invisible, but as the disease progresses a person may completely lose his ability to work.

Treatment of bursitis of the elbow joint at home can only be done under the supervision of a specialist.

The essence of pathology

Many people are interested in what is bony elbow joint and how to treat it. This ailment develops because of the inflammatory lesion of the ulnar synovial bag. The ICD-10 code is M70.3. Other bursitis of the elbow joint.

A characteristic sign of pathology is the appearance of a painful tumor of semicircular shape. Without adequate therapy, it can provoke purulent bursitis, chronization of the process and loss of motor activity of the hand.

Bursitis. "About the most important"

General Therapy Rules

Before you can treat an elbow joint bursitis at home, you should get a specialist consultation. Many people are interested in what kind of doctor to turn to in this case.

How to cure this disorder? To do this, it is recommended to follow a number of rules:

  1. If there is inflammation in the area of ​​the elbow, you need to put on an elastic bandage on the fold. This will help reduce the level of motor activity and provide the affected area with rest.
  2. To minimize discomfort, doctors advise applying a hot and then a cold compress to the affected area.
  3. To prevent the progression of inflammation, you need to provide the affected joint with complete peace and exclude movement.
  4. After easing the pain, you can begin to move the joint. But the intensity of movements is increased gradually.

Many people are wondering whether it is possible to steam in a bath with bursitis elbow joint. During an exacerbation, any warming of the affected area is prohibited. During the remission it is recommended to consult a specialist.

These recommendations help only at an early stage of the development of the disease. The mild form of pathology is quite amenable to therapy at home. In other situations, specialist consultation is required.

When developing an acute form of non-infectious bursitis, one should immediately go to a doctor. With this diagnosis, a conservative treatment is prescribed, which includes several categories of activities.

To eliminate the pathology, prescribe special medicines for oral use or in the form of injections. Local therapy can also be prescribed - ointments, gels, compresses.

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With this diagnosis, analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually prescribed. With their help, you can eliminate inflammation, reduce or completely eliminate the main symptoms of bursitis - pain, swelling, fever.

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The most effective means, which allow to solve these problems, include the following:

  • Analgin;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Meloksikam;
  • Piroxicam;
  • Celecoxib.
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These substances are prescribed in the form of injections for the management of pain syndrome. When unpleasant symptoms pass, they can be used in a tablet form. Usually the course of treatment is 7-10 days.

Treatment is complemented by local means. Usually prescribed ointments that have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. They include Fitobene, Voltaren, Dolobien.

High efficiency has a multicomponent compress. For its manufacture, such substances will be required:

  • Dimexide - 50 ml of solution;
  • water 50 ml;
  • ampoule Hydrocortisone;
  • Novocaine 2% - 20 ml of solution.

To cope with bursitis of an infectious nature, also use painkillers and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances. However, in this case, such drugs are used only for symptomatic therapy.

The basis of treatment of pathology should be antibiotics. Such drugs provide effective elimination of pathogenic microorganisms and successfully cope with purulent inflammation.

A specific antibacterial drug and its dosage are selected by the doctor. Most often used such means:

  • penicillins- Doxycycline, Amoxicillin, Augmentin;
  • macrolides- Azithromycin, Clarithromycin, Rovamycin;
  • cephalosporins- Cefuroxime, Ceftriaxone, Cefepime.

Folk remedies

The most effective means include the following:

  1. Collect coniferous branches and cones, pour water and put on for half an hour to cook. Then another 12 hours to insist. The finished extract must have a brown color. This product should be poured into a bath and take it for 20 minutes.
  2. Make a 10-minute ice pack. When the pain is almost gone, apply a warm compress. It can be made from herbal decoction or ordinary potatoes. In the first case, you can use chamomile, yarrow, burdock.
  3. Take a glass of water, add a teaspoon of honey and the same amount of apple cider vinegar. Take 2 glasses a day. This is recommended 2 weeks.
  4. Dry the eggshell, clean from the film and grind to a powder. Then mix it with sour milk to get a homogeneous mass. From the resulting mixture, make a compress for the elbow joint. It is important to keep your elbow warm. To do this, use cellophane and cloth. It is recommended to conduct the procedure for 5 days. If the pain remains, you need to stop for 5 days and then repeat the therapy.
  5. Mix 100 g of butter and 15 g of propolis. Take the resulting mixture for 1 small spoon. This is recommended three times a day.
  6. To soften the cabbage leaves with a rolling pin, then grease them with vegetable oil. Attach to the elbow joint and wrap it with something warm. With such a bandage you need to walk for a day, then replace it with a new one.
  7. Take 1 large spoonful of honey and crushed laundry soap, as well as 1 onion. Stir all ingredients and place on prepared cloth. Apply the compress to the elbow, then wrap it with a woolen cloth. Perform this procedure for a week.
  8. An effective remedy for bursitis is Vishnevsky ointment. This tool is applied to a cotton cloth, sprayed with vodka or triple cologne, then applied to the affected area. After a certain time, it is recommended to repeat the procedure.

Features of nutrition

To speed up the process of recovery, a special diet should be observed for bursitis of the elbow joint.

Therapeutic diet includes foods that contain vitamins A, E, C. Also, the diet should contain gelatin in sufficient quantities.

Therefore it is recommended to eat such dishes:

  • products of animal origin - fish, beef, chicken, liver, dairy products;
  • products of vegetable origin - cabbage, beets, sea buckthorn, nuts, greens, pumpkin.

To improve your condition, it is useful to eat jellied fish, jelly, jelly. A great option will be milk and fruit jelly. Also in the menu there should be a pumpkin porridge.

Recovery period

The use of medications is shown for 3 weeks. During this period, the patient may experience pain. This symptom is caused by the formation of scar tissue in the joint.

After completion of therapy, a person is shown rehabilitation. It is aimed at improving the mobility of the joint, muscles and tendons.

Prevention

To prevent the development of bursitis, it is very important to eliminate the factors that lead to damage to the articular bags.Therefore, prevention includes the refusal to reload joints, especially without training.

It is also very important to use special protective devices during sports activities.

Bursitis of the elbow joint - a rather serious pathology, which is accompanied by severe pain and can cause loss of motor activity in the arm.

To cope with the disease, you can use special medicines and folk methods. However, in neglected cases it will not be possible to do without the help of a doctor who will tell you how to treat pathology.

These materials will be of interest to you:

  • What is knee joint bursitis and how to treat it?

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A source: http://lechenie-narodom.ru/bursit-loktevogo-sustava-lechenie-v-domashnih-usloviyah/

What is elbow joint bursitis and how to treat it?

Bursitis is the process of inflammation that develops in the bag of the joint.

To understand the process, it should be told that around each joint there are several synovial bags that are filled with liquid contents.

They are intended for depreciation (separation of one joint surface from the other) and the protection of joints from traumatic injury.

Most often, the knee suffers from injury, and the second place in the frequency of trauma is the elbow joint.

It has three bags, each of which contains a certain amount of transparent liquid (interosseous, ulnar subcutaneous and interosseous ulnar).

The inflammatory process in one of these bags is called bursitis. Let us consider in more detail what are the causes of the disease, and how to treat bursitis of the elbow joint.

Varieties of bursitis

Bursitis, like any inflammatory disease, is acute, subacute or chronic.

In addition, a particular type of bursitis depends on which of the bags is damaged.

The quality of the fluid contained in the bursa for this disease is also taken into account. Therefore distinguish bursitis:

  • serous;
  • hemorrhagic;
  • purulent;
  • fibrous;
  • mixed.

If the disease is based on the introduction of cocco flora, then the process is considered nonspecific. And for violations associated with tuberculosis, gonorrhea or syphilis, it is a specific bursitis.

Why bursitis occurs

The cause of this pathology may be:

  • arthritis of any origin;
  • microtrauma of the joint;
  • monotonous identical movements (occupational pathology);
  • infectious infection in case of damage to the soft tissues of the hand, as well as penetration of infection from distant foci with lymphogenous or hematogenous pathways;
  • endocrine pathologies (diabetes mellitus);
  • decreased immune forces of the body;
  • long-term use of certain drugs;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • persistent physical overload;
  • autoimmune diseases.

In rare cases, inflammation occurs for no apparent reason, then it is called idiopathic bursitis. Some experts believe that in fact, this type of inflammation occurs after a trauma that occurred so long ago that it is difficult to combine them.

Main features

With such a disease as elbow joint bursitis, the symptoms are different, and the treatment is prescribed depending on the type and course of inflammation. The most common signs of the disease are:

  1. Edema in the area of ​​the inflamed bag, it can be of varying degrees. Sometimes the pathology proceeds absolutely painlessly and does not even interfere with flexion and extension in the elbow joint.
  2. In the absence of treatment, further synovial edema may increase, and discomfort or soreness appears.
  3. With some types of bursitis, considerable swelling starts, the skin in this area turns red.
  4. Often, bursitis is accompanied by fever and deterioration of the general condition. The patient complains of headache and muscle pain, sweating, decreased appetite, mood deterioration.
  5. As the edema increases, mobility of the elbow joint decreases.

Depending on the form of the disease, the symptomatology can manifest itself in different ways:

  1. In acute serous inflammation in the area of ​​damage, swelling is felt, the bag grows in size, there are minor pain sensations and some local increase in temperature.
  2. If the bursitis of the elbow joint is not treated, then with a small damage, an independent cure, or a transition to a chronic process, is possible. In this case, the symptomatology is expressed exclusively in the period of exacerbation, but with a prolonged course such pathology as chronic bursitis of the elbow joint, in the affected area can be palpated seals. And the longer the process lasts, the more pronounced the seals. With the slightest impact of provoking factors, a relapse occurs.
  3. Accession of infection often leads to the emergence of purulent bursitis of the elbow joint. In this case, the pains become strong, sometimes even unbearable, and the joint area - hot and red. A change in the general state is noted.

If bursitis of the elbow joint arises, only a specialist knows how to treat it. Therefore, it is not necessary to use unverified techniques, and try to improve the condition yourself. Such actions can cause irreparable harm.

How is help with elbow bursitis

Methods of treatment of bursitis depend on the cause of its appearance and the type of inflammation.

First aid in the absence of a purulent process is to apply a pressure bandage to reduce the severity of edema.

To ensure minimum physical exertion, it is advisable to use a special scarf that supports the limb in a certain position.

Medication help

To help with bursitis use the following types of drugs:

  1. Purulent process is stopped by antibiotics. To determine the type of the product, sowing is applied to the nutrient medium of the puncture of the inflamed bag. This allows us to determine the type of pathogenic microflora that causes inflammation. If, for some reason, an antibiotic can not be determined, then a wide range of drugs are administered in the form of injections. In another form of inflammation, antibacterial agents are used to prevent the development of a purulent process in oral tablets.
  2. Local treatment at home with Dimexide also helps, which is diluted in the proportion of one to four and is applied as a compress. It helps to eliminate suppuration, and when used together with an antibiotic in powder, it conducts it inside the joint.
  3. When the inflammation of the elbow joint is pronounced, the treatment is performed in the form of administration of anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antibacterial agents directly into the bag cavity.
  4. In addition to this, anti-inflammatory and homeopathic ointments are used, which are rubbed into the elbow.
  5. Severe pain is stopped by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics or glucocorticoids.

How is elbow bursitis treated if conservative therapy does not help? For this, surgical treatment is used.

And if earlier the traditional method assumed a complete removal of the bag, and this led to the fact that the patient spent a long time on recovery and not always successfully, at the moment there is a more sparing method.

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It consists in puncturing the entire contents of the bursa with the preservation of its shell.

Use of folk methods

With bursitis, treatment with folk remedies should be performed in conjunction with traditional therapies. But only on condition that they are approved by the attending physician, since he knows well how to treat the ulnar bursitis in a particular case in this patient.

  1. The simplest and most accessible way is a salt compress. For him, you just need to dissolve in water (liter) a large spoon of ordinary salt, moisten a natural cloth, put it on a sore spot, place a film on top and wrap it with a warm scarf. The duration of the procedure is about eight hours. It is best to spend it at night, for one week. Such treatment pulls out excess fluid from the inflamed bag.
  2. A very famous remedy for curing bursitis is a cabbage leaf. It is pre-beaten, then the elbow is smeared with honey and covered with a sheet from above. Then - with a film and a warm cloth.This not only leads to the removal of edema, but also relieves inflammation.
  3. It is very useful for joint diseases and bursitis to use medical baths. The most useful of them is coniferous, which can be made from needles and pine cones. They need to fill a large bucket, pour boiling water and insist for six hours. The product should be used for the bath after percolation. Take 20-30 minutes at a temperature of about 38-40 degrees.
  4. What else can you treat a sick joint? Traditional healers recommend using ointment with honey. It takes two parts of honey for three parts of alcohol and one part of the juice of aloe.
  5. Treatment of bursitis elbow joint folk methods involves the use of honey with onion and laundry soap. One medium bulb and one piece of soap are taken for a pound of honey. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed and used as a compress. You need to do it before bed, only three weeks.
  6. If there is such a sign of bursitis, as an edema, then in this case, a balm based on chestnut fruits will help. To make two cups of crushed chestnuts, one bottle of medicine bile is taken, and then several sheets of aloe are added there. After all components are thoroughly mixed, you need to add 500 ml of medical alcohol to them. The balsam is considered ready if it has been infused for ten days in a dark place. It is used as a compress and is kept for the whole night. The treatment course is 10 to 15 days.

A source: http://FitoInfo.com/lechenie-travami/oporno-dvigatelnaya-sistema/bursit-loktevogo-sustava.html

Bursitis of the elbow joint - symptoms and treatment

Bursitis of the elbow joint is one of the most common pathologies of the joints. This ailment is characterized by the development of inflammatory reactions in the synovial bursa.

As a rule, this pathology is registered with professional athletes who are engaged in weightlifting, bodybuilding, powerlifting, kettlebell lifting or armsport.

Anatomical features

The elbow joint has a complex structure, since it is designed to withstand considerable physical exertion. The elbow is formed by three bones: the humerus, the radial and the ulnar. Epiphyses of bones covered with hyaline cartilage, which provides a smooth surface.

The elbow joint is covered with a special coating. The inner shell of the bursa synthesizes articular fluid, synovia, which acts as a biological lubricant, which prevents friction between joints.

In addition, this fluid is a nutrient medium for cartilage joint tissue. Around the elbow, three periarticular bursa are formed:

  • radiolucent;
  • the interosseous ulnar;
  • ulnar subcutaneous.

Note that any of the above bags may be involved in the inflammatory reactions. The peculiarity of ulnar bursitis is that the gradually appearing signs lead to loss of ability to work, in severe cases to disability.

Etiological factors

Since the pain in this body can occur for various reasons, then the treatment should be targeted. The etiology of ulnar pains is quite diverse:

  • physical overstrain;
  • the effect of physico-mechanical factors on the joint and the periarticular bursa;
  • arthritis;
  • erysipelas;
  • metabolic uremia;
  • gout;
  • pathology of the endocrine system;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • diabetes;
  • allergies;
  • reception of steroid preparations;
  • open wound of the elbow;
  • rheumatoid polyarthritis;
  • hyperparathyroidism;
  • violation of metabolic processes in the body;
  • infectious and helminthic pathologies (brucellosis, echinococcosis, sepsis, gonorrhea, syphilis, rubella, blastomycosis, dysentery, tuberculosis, rubella, maduromycosis);
  • autoimmune diseases.

Risk group

In the people, the elbow joint bursitis is called in different ways - "tennis player's elbow "jeweler's disease "baker's elbow".

Such names of the disease arose, because the disease is most often diagnosed in athletes or patients who lead a sedentary lifestyle.

As a rule, ulnar bursitis is observed in patients of young and middle age. Men are more susceptible to this pathology.

Clinical signs

At the initial stages of development of pathology, the signs of the disease are practically absent, the patient may notice a slight reddening in the localization of the pathprocess.

The key signs of pathology include the following:

  • hyperemia and puffiness in the ulnar region;
  • pain in the joint;
  • impaired motor function;
  • discomfort during flexion and extension of the limb;
  • local increase in temperature in the area of ​​inflammation;
  • with purulent inflammation, body temperature can rise to 40 ° C;
  • general weakness;
  • an increase in regional lymph nodes;
  • aches in the joints;
  • loss of appetite;
  • headache;
  • insomnia;
  • pain in joints with palpation.

Advice! If there is any pain in the area of ​​the elbow joint, contact the clinic immediately for qualified help. After all, the symptoms of bursitis can be manifested in different ways, so it is only an experienced specialist who can diagnose the disease correctly.

Diagnostics

The first stage of treatment of ulnar bursitis is, of course, timely diagnosis. It is necessary to find out the etiology of pain in the joint. With the defeat of the subcutaneous bag, the diagnosis is not particularly difficult.

When purulent inflammation determine the sensitivity of the selected pathogens of infection to antimicrobial drugs. In the presence of specific inflammation, laboratory tests are prescribed.

Due to the deeper location of the interosseous and radiolucent burs, it is much more difficult to diagnose their inflammation.

As additional methods for diagnosing elbow bursitis, doctors are prescribed:

  • radiography;
  • sonography;
  • computer or magnetic resonance imaging;
  • biochemical analysis of blood and urine.

Methods of elimination of the disease

Many patients think about what and how to treat the ulnar bursitis at home and in general is it possible?

For maximum therapeutic effect, treatment should be performed taking into account the symptoms and etiology of the disease. Modern medicine recommends conservative and radical treatment.

Medication Therapy

To achieve maximum therapeutic effect, it is first necessary to limit the movement and load on the affected joint. Traumatologists recommend using a special elastic bandage and fixing bandages.

Medical treatment of bursitis of the elbow joint at home is prescribed by a doctor. Anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drugs are used (Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Voltaren, Finalgon, Fastum Gel)

antimicrobial agents (antibiotics of the cephalosporin series, macrolits, sulfonamides, nitrofurans), which reduce pain, block inflammation, prevent progression ailment.

The patient is treated at home, but from time to time he must visit the attending doctor.

Dimexide treatment

In the pathology of the joints (ulnar bursitis), doctors often prescribe drugs based on dimethylsulfoxide ("Dimexide"). The main properties of the medication are presented below:

  • activates transdermal passage of other medicines;
  • quickly enters the bloodstream;
  • exhibits anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect;
  • stimulates the healing process of wounds.

Before applying the dressing with the indicated medicine, prepare the solution in the following proportions:. Next, a moistened bandage is applied to the affected area, covered with a plastic bag, then insulated (you can use a scarf or something else).

Compress is used at least eight times a day. Dimexide, like any other medication, has a number of contraindications. It is highly not recommended to treat ulnar bursitis at home, without prescribing a doctor.

Alternative therapy

Methods of physiotherapy are quite popular in the treatment of elbow bursitis. Usually, a doctor appoints a patient to undergo physical therapy:

  • ozokeritotherapy;
  • acupuncture;
  • abnormal therapy
  • hirudotherapy;
  • laser therapy;
  • acupressure;
  • mud mud;
  • physiotherapy.

Note! Alternative therapies are not able to completely cure the patient. They only temporarily eliminate the symptoms of a troubling illness.

To achieve maximum therapeutic effect, it is necessary to combine the methods of physiotherapy with medical treatment.

Hirudotherapy

Elbow bursitis at home can be treated with leeches.

These are unique animals of the salivary glands, which secrete a complex of bioactive compounds (enzymes, functional proteins and proteins), which have a positive effect on the metabolism and blood circulation in the zone of the pathological zone the joint.

To biologically active substances the saliva of leeches include the following compounds:

  1. Blinennes are biological polymers of protein origin showing an anticoagulant effect.
  2. Bradikanin - substances of organic origin, activating the phagocytic function of leukocytes, while providing anti-inflammatory effect.
  3. Destabilase is an enzyme of the hydrolase class, which activates the hydrolysis of blood clots.
  4. Apyrase is an enzyme that exhibits an antisclerotic effect, that is, it helps to reduce the concentration of "pathological" cholesterol in the human body.
  5. Hyaluronidase is a hydrolysing enzyme that cleaves hyaluronic acid, a structural component of connective tissue. Thanks to the use of this enzyme, you can get rid of keloid scars.
  6. Kininase is an analgesic.
  7. Histaminopopic compounds - have an antispasmodic effect.
  8. Hirudin is an anticoagulant that prevents the adhesion of platelets.
  9. Orgelase - an enzyme that accelerates the resolution of edema, contributes to an increase in the elasticity of the endothelium of blood vessels.
  10. Eglin - polypeptides, which block the development of inflammatory processes.

Conclusion

The ulnar bursitis is a rather common pathology requiring timely diagnosis and adequate therapy. In the early stages of pathogenesis, the ailment does not pose a threat to human health.

A source: http://EcoHealthyLife.ru/kak-lechit/bursit-loktevogo-sustava/

Bursitis of the elbow joint: causes, symptoms, treatment

With the diagnosis of bursitis of the elbow joint, the symptoms and treatment of the disease depend on the degree of its severity and on the presence of concomitant pathologies. The first signals of the body about the problems are ignored by many.

The soreness that occurs when moving, and a small swelling are often not a cause for concern. However, early diagnosis and timely therapy can quickly cure bursitis.

Its chronic form reduces the ability to work and significantly worsens the quality of life.

Description of the disease

Bursitis of the elbow joint is a disease that is characterized by an inflammatory process in the synovial pouch and the accumulation of exudate therein.

The Latin name of the synovial bag - bursa synovialis gave the name of the disease. Its international code on the ICD 10 - M 70.3.

Bursitis refers to soft tissue diseases associated with stress, overload and pressure.

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An exudate is a fluid that forms during the development of an inflammatory reaction. It is rich in protein and contains uniform elements of blood. The synovial bag is a slightly flattened cavity - a pouch.

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It is attached to the joint bones near the edges of the articular surfaces or at some distance from them. Bursa tightly covers the joint, preventing it from mechanical influences and infectious lesions.

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The synovial bag is separated from the surrounding tissue joint by a capsule and is filled with synovial (articular) fluid.

From the inside, the synovial bag is lined with a synovial membrane. The matrix of the synovial membrane is based on collagen fibers and elastic networks. They form a thin fibrous framework.

The upper cover layer of the synovial membrane is organ-specific for the joint. Its cells (synoviocytes) produce hyaluronic acid.

This component of synovial fluid gives it lubricating properties.

The elbow joint is represented by three bones - the humerus, radial and ulnar. It is formed from three simple joints:

  • adrenal;
  • the humerus;
  • proximal (located closer to the center of the body) radial-fibrous.

In the elbow joint is:

  • subcutaneous cord of the ulnar process;
  • irradiation;
  • the interosseous ulna.

All three bursas are located in the joint capsule, which is common to all three bones.

Bursitis elbow provokes the deposition of salts on the walls of the articular sac. The synovial fluid contains a significant amount of calcium salts.

They help the cartilage to maintain firmness and promote rapid healing of micro-traumas. With the development of inflammation, calcium salts accumulate and are deposited in the form of dense formations.

Calcium deposits cause dysfunction of the joint.

Infectious and aseptic species of bursitis

The cause of traumatic bursitis is trauma. Inflammatory process occurs immediately after a fracture or dislocation of the elbow. Provoke an ailment may stretch or rupture the ligaments.

Post-traumatic inflammation in the synovial sac develops against a background of changes caused by trauma. Often the disease is diagnosed at the stage of rehabilitation after trauma.

Traumatic and posttraumatic bursitis is classified as an aseptic species. When the aseptic form in the joint cavity is not detected pathogens of infections.

Infected bursitis appears after the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the bursa. Most often, inflammation of the synovial sac of the gonococcus and staphylococcus is provoked. Antibiotics for bursitis elbow joint infectious nature are an indispensable component of therapy.

Infectious bursitis is divided into specific and nonspecific. To specific include diseases caused by gonorrhea, brucellosis, tuberculosis and syphilitic infection. When diagnosed, the bursitis of the elbow joint, how to treat it, depends on the type of infection.

Classification of the disease in the form of percolation

Bursitis of the elbow joint is distinguished by clinical course. They are acute, chronic and recurrent.

  1. The acute form of the flow is characterized by bright symptoms, increased body temperature and intoxication. Strong inflammatory reactions can cause disruption of the internal organs. Acute forms of an illness usually pass independently in 1-2 weeks. But repeated injuries can make the disease chronic.
  2. The chronic process is accompanied by mild symptoms. They are observed over a long period.
  3. With a recurrent form of the disease occurs with periodic exacerbations. Exacerbations can be triggered by trauma, infection, or physical overload.

Varieties of bursitis due to the nature of the exudate

There is an additional classification of elbows bursitis by the nature of the exudate.

Inflammation of the synovial sac is: serous, purulent, fibrous and hemorrhagic.

A photo. Subcutaneous tumor with bursitis of the elbow joint

  1. Serous bursitis of the elbow joint occurs at the initial stage of the disease. In the process of inflammation a large amount of exudate is released.

    According to its characteristics, serous exudate resembles a synovial fluid. From the excess of the internal liquid, the bursa is inflated and begins to resemble a subcutaneous tumor (as in the photo). Sometimes the diameter of the inflated synovial bag exceeds 8 cm.

  2. Purulent bursitis is diagnosed when pyogenic microorganisms are found in the exudate.

    They can penetrate into the synovial cavity through minor abrasions on the skin along the lymphatic path from the nearby foci of pyogenic infection (furuncle, carbuncle).

    Sometimes pus can spread beyond the synovial bag, causing purulent arthritis or phlegmon (melting of adjacent tissues).

  3. Fibrous effusion is characterized by the presence of fibrin (a protein from which a thrombus is formed).
  4. Hemorrhagic exudate has a reddish hue, because it contains red blood cells. They penetrate into the liquid from the destroyed blood vessels. Hemorrhagic bursitis often results from injuries.

There are also mixed species of bursitis (serous - fibrous or purulent - hemorrhagic).

Why does bursitis develop?

In whatever place the bursitis of the elbow joint arose, the reasons are mainly associated with regular physical exertion.

The ailment is usually found in people who load a joint a lot during sports training or in the process of professional activity.

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Regular physical overloads are accompanied by minor injuries, which eventually trigger the pathological process in the joint.

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The disease develops in people who are forced to perform a monotonous action with the elbow joint. It is diagnosed in:

  • gardeners;
  • draftsmen;
  • drivers;
  • bakers.

Inflammation of the synovial sac complains to students and students who are forced to manually rewrite a large number of texts. The disease occurs in programmers and pianists.

This usually affects the subcutaneous synovial bag of the elbow process. It is located in a place where the skin is most tightened when bending the elbow.

Less commonly, bursitis of the lightbulb bag is diagnosed.

Such inflammation is more often found in sportsmen making movements with the help of the elbow joint (tennis players, basketball players, hockey players, javelin throwers, boxers).

The likelihood of developing the disease increases with age. The pathological process provokes endocrine, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, often occurring after 45 to 50 years:

  • gout;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • systemic lupus erythematosus;
  • scleroderma;
  • psoriasis;
  • Crohn's disease;
  • deforming arthrosis.

Negatively affects the condition of the synovial bag:

  • prolonged hypothermia;
  • poisoning;
  • overweight;
  • allergic reactions.

When an allergic reaction occurs a large number of antibodies. In the acute phase of the immune response, inflammatory mediators are released and the inflammatory process is triggered.

How is the disease manifested?

The main sign of bursitis of the elbow joint is edema. He arises the very first and most of all worries the patient.

Sometimes the synovial pouch from the excess exudate is the only manifestation of the disease.

If the disease progresses, the joint swells, and its capsule clearly protrudes outward.

The tumor is clearly visible in the elbow area in the position where the arm is unbent.

Depending on the stage of the disease, the swollen synovial bag may resemble a small pads, a plum, or an apple.

The skin in the area of ​​the inflammation focus sometimes turns red. Redness indicates the infectious or autoimmune nature of the disease.

The deformity of the elbow joint forces the sick person to hold his hand in forced half-bent position. He does not so much interfere with the stretched synovial bag, how much pain. It can be firing, whining or pulsating.

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Often the pain feels in the hand. They intensify during the night rest. The stronger the inflammation, the more intense the pain. She fetters her movements, preventing her elbow.

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Motor activity is also impaired due to the deposition of calcium salts.

If the inflammatory process does not go beyond the synovial bag, temperature increase and intoxication, as a rule, is not observed. In severe form of the disease, ulnar and axillary lymph nodes may become painful and become painful.

Drug therapy of disease

If you suspect a bursitis of the elbow joint, treatment should be started with the immobilization of the arm. The articulation is fixed with pressure or kosynochnyh orthopedic bandages.

In case of severe injuries, a gypsum lingeta can be applied.

Sometimes after a short period of rest, the pain in the elbow joint stops, drugs are not required at the same time.

If the swelling is small, to reduce it, use Vishnevsky ointment or strengthen the blood circulation Finalgon, Fastum. The drug is applied to the inflamed joint. With acute disease, it can not be used. It can cause increased edema.

For the purpose of anesthetizing and reducing inflammation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used.

If a small amount of fluid has accumulated in the synovial sac and there is no severe pain, external medicines in the form of ointments (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac) are used.

They are applied to the inflamed joint (if there are no open wounds on the skin).

When symptoms manifest themselves brightly, the patient takes NSAIDs inside. The tablet is taken after a meal to reduce the negative effect on the digestive system.

Treatment of bursitis of the elbow joint is carried out with the help of:

  • Diclofenac;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Ketoprofen;
  • Nimesulid.

In the first days of therapy, intramuscular injections may also be prescribed. They are recommended for patients with pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.

Severe pain is eliminated by intra-articular injections of NSAIDs or hormonal drugs. It is forbidden to do them independently. Intra-articular injection can be entrusted only to an experienced surgeon.

Treatment with antibiotics is prescribed exclusively for purulent bursitis.

After arresting the acute process, physiotherapy is used:

  • dry warming up;
  • ultraviolet radiation.

UHF procedures are carried out simultaneously with drug treatment. Sometimes radiation therapy is used to achieve an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.

To speed up the recovery, the patient is prescribed a vitamin complex, calcium drugs and immunostimulating drugs. Calcium deposits are dissolved with magnesium preparations.

Operative treatment

With a strong exacerbation of the bursa exudate is removed with a syringe (aspirated). Aspiration is performed exclusively under sterile conditions. After removing the exudate in the bursa, a hormonal drug is administered that cures inflammation (Kenalog).

If purulent bursitis is found, the synovial cavity is drained.

During the surgical procedure, a small incision is made on the wall of the synovial bag. Exudate leaves freely through the hole.

Sometimes a wound is inserted into the wound so that it does not close and does not interfere with the outflow of fluid.

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While there is drainage, the patient is in the hospital under supervision. Washing of the drainage cavity may be prescribed. The duration of drainage and the number of washes are determined by the attending physician depending on the severity of the disease.

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In neglected cases, when the pathological process develops for a long time, the walls of the synovial bag mutate, thicken and form folds. The deformed joint is constantly inflamed and does not allow performing daily work.

How to treat the ulnar bursitis in such cases, the doctor will tell. It may be recommended to conduct a bursectomy (removal of the synovial bag). During the operation, the bag is removed, the surface of the elbow process is smoothed and the skin is sewn.

In the process of rehabilitation, a new bag is formed in the elbow joint.

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