Bronchitis medications for treatment

Drugs for the treatment of bronchitis

Bronchitis - inflammation of the inner shell of the bronchi, occurs when there is a strong infection and insufficient protection of the body (reduced immunity). The most common variant is complication after respiratory infection and influenza.

An excruciating cough, dry or with sputum, disturbs well-being. Medications for bronchitis are prescribed by a doctor. There is enough choice, but you can not use tablets alone.

Treatment Rules

Most often, the treatment of bronchitis in children and adults is performed on an outpatient basis. In severe cases with dyspnea, purulent sputum, hospitalization is required. In order not to start the disease and not let the infection "hide it is necessary to observe the basic rules of therapy.

To relieve the inflammation caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics and sulfonamides are needed. In severe bronchitis, a combination of two antibiotics is prescribed.

The most correct medicines can be prescribed after receiving sputum analysis for antibiotic sensitivity. Unfortunately, this requires the time and capabilities of the bacteriological laboratory. Therefore, the doctor is forced to focus on the nature of sputum, symptoms of the disease and a blood test.

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  • To clear the bronchi from thick sputum, drugs that dilute the action (mucolytics) are needed.
  • Remove spasm, as a mechanical obstacle for the withdrawal of sputum, help antispasmodics, in the process of treatment they restore patency of the bronchial ways.
  • Expectorants irritate the bronchial wall and enhance reflex cough.
  • In a set of medicines for bronchitis must include vitamins. They help in the removal of intoxication, eliminate oxygen deficiency.
  • Drugs that activate suppressed immunity are recommended during the recovery period.

Antibacterial drugs

The standard treatment of bronchitis includes broad-spectrum antibiotics and penicillin derivatives.

Macrolides (Azithromycin, Sumased, Hemomycin, Clarithromycin, Macropen) act at the level of protein substances of bacteria, destroying them and suppressing the energy reserves of cells.

The penicillin group is used as a primary or additional antibiotic (Amoxiclav, Amoxicillin, Panclav).

The method of administration, orally, in tablets or in injections, depends on the severity of the disease and the state of the patient's stomach. Drugs are given a course of 7 days. Interrupt treatment, reduce dosage can not. This helps the emergence of drug resistance and can seriously complicate the choice of therapy in the future.

The prescribed antibiotics should be drunk at certain intervals depending on the duration of the action (two to six times a day).

Means sulfanilamidnogo series (Sulfadimezin, Sulfalen, Norsulfazol) add anti-inflammatory effect to antibiotics.

If the bronchitis is caused by viruses?

Bronchitis is rarely caused by viruses, but undoubtedly, viruses provoke the attachment of bacterial infection and weaken the body.

In the arsenal of anti-influenza drugs, a lot of highly advertised expensive drugs (Tamiflu, Kagocel, Rimantadine, Ingaverin, Arbidol). The fact is that not all of them have the high antiviral activity that they are credited with.

The most reliable is the effect of Arbidol, but its therapeutic dosage is much more than preventive, taking one tablet three times a day will not work.

If the bronchitis is caused by mushrooms

Antifungal action possess:

  • Antibiotics Griseofulvin and Levourin;
  • Preparations of the azole group (Intraconazole, Fluconazole, Tenonitrazole, Diflucan).

Means for liquefaction and sputum production

The chemical composition and mechanism of action are divided into:

  • preparations directly reducing viscosity (Acetylcysteine, Mukosolvin, Fluimutsil);
  • enzymatic agents (trypsin, streptokinase);
  • preparations that affect the production of mucus in the bronchial glands (Bromhexin, Ambrobe, Ambroxol, Lazolvan, Salmeteron, Salbutamol, Berotek).

Camphor, essential oil of fir, juniper, Menthol have a weak effect.

Other assets

In severe bronchitis with an asthmatic component, treatment includes:

  • preparations containing steroid hormones (Budesonide, Beklazone, Intal, Fluticasone);
  • antihistamines (Loratadine, Citirizin, Levocabastine).

To help with high temperature, aspirin tablets, Paracetamol (Kalpol, Panadol), Brufen derivatives, Metamizol are used.

The drugs acting directly on the muscles of the bronchial ring include Euphyllin and Theophylline (the lungs), Foradil, Salmeterol, Salbutamol, Berotek.

For inhalation use, Ambroghexal and Lazolvan are recommended in drops. They are bred strictly according to the instruction by saline solution and used for breathing in nebulizers. Suitable for the treatment of adults and children.

Medications recommended for complete recovery

In the stage of recovery, the body needs compensation for the vitamins and minerals consumed. Therefore, it is recommended to take a course at -2 months reception of the vitamin complex (Supradin, Vitrum, Alphabet, Multi-Tabs).

To stimulate the defenses, you need the tincture Eleutherococcus, Levsei, Aloe. Stronger immunocorrectors are prescribed only after examination and doctor's recommendation.

Features of treatment of children

For the treatment of small children, medications are not in tablets, but in inhalations (Mucosolvin, ACC, Ambroxol, Carbocysteine).

To improve expectoration, pediatricians recommend: Mukaltin, Lazolvan, Pertussin.

With a dry cough, the funds that depress the cough center in a child's dosage are indicated (preferably only for the night): Libexin, Tusuprex, Glaucin, Stoptussin. Do not act on the nerve centers Gerbion, Prospan.

In the pharmacy you need to ask the children's form of medications, drugs are produced in syrup, chewing gums.

Drugs for bronchitis should not be used without consulting a doctor. All drugs have a side effect, which must be taken into account.

Necessary medications for bronchitis in adults

Medications for bronchitis in adults are selected depending on the cause of the disease, the nature of the manifestation, the presence of complications, the age of the patient and the qualifications of the doctor. The list of drugs that are applicable for the treatment of adult patients is broader than the list of medicines used in the treatment of children. Some funds are strictly forbidden for therapeutic therapy for bronchitis in children.

Answer to the question, what are the best drugs to use for the treatment of bronchitis, no. Each doctor approaches to treatment in different ways. Sometimes a combination of different means is required. Often patients ask a question, whether it is necessary to accept antibiotics at the given disease.Recent studies have shown that the abuse of antibacterial drugs can lead to the fact that microorganisms develop resistance to medicines. And such cases do take place.

The reason for this phenomenon lies in the fact that often patients themselves prescribe antibacterial agents at a bronchitis, but incorrectly choose a dosage or accept them when it is absolutely not required. This self-healing treatment is harmful and hinders further treatment with this group of drugs. But in a number of cases, this disease can not do without taking antibiotics.

How to distinguish bronchitis?

Bronchitis refers to the inflammatory process in the bronchi, as a result of the aggressive action of pathological microorganisms and other factors. Causes of bronchitis:
  • flu;
  • PC-infection;
  • adenovirus;
  • staphylococcus aureus;
  • streptococcus;
  • haemophilus influenzae;
  • Pneumococcus;
  • chlamydia;
  • mycoplasma.

The cause of bronchitis can be work associated with toxic substances, such as acetone, varnishes, paints. Smoking and living in a contaminated region can also provoke a disease. People suffering from allergies can experience allergic bronchitis. It often happens that the disease develops against a background of mixed pathogenic flora. For example, viral bronchitis is replaced by a bacterial one. The disease can occur in acute or chronic form.

Recognize the disease can be on the characteristic symptoms, one of which is a cough. With acute bronchitis in the early days, coughing is usually dry, barking, relentless. Because of this condition, the patient can not sleep. Body temperature often reaches 38-39 degrees. After a few days, the cough becomes wet, and the sputum begins to recede. The color of mucus can be transparent or yellow-green if the disease is triggered by a bacterial infection.

In addition to coughing, the patient feels malaise, weakness, fatigue, headaches. In 1-2 days after the onset of the disease, pain in the chest, muscles, burning behind the sternum may appear. Shortness of breath is one of the most serious signs of inflammation in the bronchi, when immediate treatment is required. Bronchitis lasts from 2 to 3 weeks, but sometimes because of complications it may take more time for recovery.

Suspect the chronic form of bronchitis can be when cough is present for more than three months a year for several years. Unlike the acute form, the chronic form of bronchitis is accompanied by a deaf, deep cough that intensifies in the morning hours. In this case, there is abundant sputum production. Body temperature can rise, but slightly. Chronic bronchitis alternates periods of exacerbation and remission.

Start treatment

Like any other disease, bronchitis treatment is prescribed after the examination. Since cough may be present in tuberculosis, lung cancer, allergies, heart pathologies, it is necessary to make a diagnosis. It consists, first of all, in auscultation (listening to the lungs) and blood and urine tests. In addition to the tests, an X-ray photo of the lung is prescribed. In obstructive bronchitis, doctors recommend that spirography be done.

Those who are very often exacerbated by the disease, perform bronchoscopy to exclude other diseases of the respiratory system. To these diagnostic procedures, it is necessary to add sputum examination to the presence of pathogens. This will help pick up the necessary antibiotic to which harmful microorganisms will be susceptible. In some cases, a blood test is performed for the presence of antibodies to chlamydia and mycoplasmas.

Patients with suspected bronchitis should stop smoking and alcohol abuse. These bad habits negatively affect the process of treatment and recovery. Smoking can complicate the already severe symptoms of the disease. People working in a hazardous enterprise and regularly inhaling toxic fumes may need to change their place of work. If the bronchitis is caused by polluted air, especially for people living in large megacities, it is worthwhile to think about the change of residence. Otherwise, the disease will manifest itself more and more often.

Selection of necessary medicines

Medicines should be selected by the attending physician depending on the nature of the severity of the illness, the cause of its occurrence and the age of the patient. It is very important to follow all the recommendations of the doctor and do not exceed the dose in order to quickly recover. In the treatment of bronchitis, drugs with this effect are used:

  • antibacterial;
  • expectorant;
  • mucolytic;
  • bronchodilator;
  • antiseptic;
  • immunostimulating.

Medications for bronchitis are divided into two groups. Some are called etiotropic, this means that this class of drugs eliminates the causes of the disease. Another group of agents belongs to the symptomatic class. Symptoms help to alleviate or completely eliminate the symptoms of this disease.

Antibacterial drugs from bronchitis (antibiotics) are prescribed only for the bacterial form of the disease.

When viral lesions of the bronchi are useless. Taking expectorant syrups or tablets is important for the exit of mucus. Usually they are prescribed after the onset of a damp cough. Mucolytic drugs have an impact in three directions. First, they affect the viscosity of phlegm, secondly, it activates its excretion, as does expectorants. And, thirdly, reduce the amount of pathogenic mucus.

The use of bronchodilators is important in order to relieve bronchospasm and to facilitate breathing, especially when it is dyspnea. Antiseptics can be used for inhalations. Immunostimulating drugs are released in the form of tablets and drops. They are designed to strengthen the protective functions of the body.

List of used drugs

The market of medical products offers many antibacterial drugs for the treatment of bronchitis. They are subdivided into such pharmacological groups:
  • penicillins;
  • cephalosporins;
  • macrolides;
  • fluoroquinolones.

A number of penicillin include drugs called Augmentin, Amosicillin, Flemoxin. Cephalosporins are Cefazolin, Cefixime, Cefuroxime, Cefaclor, Claforan. Macrolide names: Clarithromycin, Erythromycin, Macropen, Rovamycin, Wilpramen, Azithromycin. Fluoroquinolones: Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Sparfloxacin.

The best remedy for bronchitis is that to which pathogenic microorganisms that trigger the disease will be sensitive. In acute bronchitis apply drugs from a number of penicillin. Chronic obstructive bronchitis is treated with macrolides. In the absence of sputum examination, macrolides of a wide spectrum of action can be used.

Cephalosporins should be taken when microorganisms develop resistance to the penicillin line. Usually, drugs of this group do not cause negative consequences, are well tolerated and rarely cause allergies. In view of such a multitude of medicines, self-medication becomes unproductive. Therefore, taking medication with bronchitis should be done after consulting a doctor.

Use of expectorants

Expectorants are usually prescribed after the cough becomes wet. With a dry cough in the early days, medicines with an antitussive effect are used. Effective means to help make phlegm liquid, - powder ACTS. For adults the dosage of ATSTS 200, ATSTS-600 is shown. The drug is well tolerated and is used for chronic bronchitis. Disadvantage: it is contraindicated for people with a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

Ambroxol is available in the form of syrup and tablets. The drug reduces the viscosity of mucus, has a secretory and expectorant effect. Treatment with Ambroxol should not take longer than 5 days. With prolonged use, negative consequences can occur in the form of nausea, vomiting and gastralgia.

Propane - syrup on a plant basis, has spasmolytic, proticidal, mucolytic effects. It can be drunk, and also used for inhalations. The course of treatment is 7 days. Treatment with proppanom is indicated for acute and chronic bronchitis. The syrup is combined with the use of antibiotics.


Bronchodilating drugs for respiratory disease should be used very carefully, since they all have side effects. With this disease can appoint: Salbutamol, Eufillin, Ipratropium bromide. The combined drug is Broncholitin. Ephedrine dilates the bronchi, and basil oil has an antimicrobial, antispasmodic and sedative effect. Compatible with antibiotics and antipyretics.

Effective cure for bronchitis and cough in adults

Bronchitis is a fairly common ailment. Often it is a complication of colds. Pathology is characterized by coughing, high fever, difficulty breathing. With this disease, bed rest, warming of the chest area, inhalation is recommended. To reduce the strength of the cough, expectorants and antitussives should be taken. But there are a lot of such drugs on the shelves of pharmacies. What should I choose a cure for bronchitis and cough in adults? And how to find the most effective?

Selection rules

How to choose the best medicine for bronchitis from cough for adults? It should immediately be stipulated that universal means simply do not exist. After all, each person has his own individual characteristics. And a drug that has effectively approached one patient may not bring relief to another at all.

Therefore, in order to choose an effective medicine for bronchitis from cough for adults, it is necessary to take into account several important points:

  1. Distinguish dry and wet cough. For each type of medicines are provided that have a certain effect. Medications can reduce pain when coughing or help in clearing the respiratory tract from sputum.
  2. Before buying a drug, be sure to read the instructions for use. Pay special attention to contraindications and side effects.
  3. It is best not to engage in self-medication, especially such a serious illness as bronchitis. It is recommended to consult a doctor who will diagnose the patient and prescribe the most suitable drugs.
  4. When buying medicines, you should try to purchase medicines that have been tested by the manufacturer. If such drugs are very expensive, then you can consult a doctor. It will help to choose cheaper, but not less qualitative and effective analogues.

We stop dry cough

Various types of medicines are used to treat bronchitis. What medicine for bronchitis from coughing to an adult will bring maximum relief? To answer the question, you need to determine the nature of the symptomatology.

At the initial stage of the development of the disease there is a severely irritating throat dry cough. Therefore, prescribe drugs that reduce pain and frequency of attacks.

Excellent antitussive drugs are issued in the form of:

  1. Syropov - "Bronchikum "Sinekod "Stoptussin".
  2. Tablets - "Kodelak "Stoptussin "Falimint".

A good result is achieved with the use of combined drugs. These are medicines that provide both antitussive and expectorant action.

We get rid of phlegm: we treat wet cough

With the development of the disease, the symptoms change. The cough becomes moist. Sputum appears. At this stage, you can not take medications that reduce coughing attacks. It is necessary that the fluid leaves the bronchi.

Therefore, now you should take a medicine for bronchitis from cough for adults, which helps to liquefy sputum.

Suffice it to effectively cope with this task preparations:

  1. Syrups - Ambroxol, Lazolvan, Khaliksol.
  2. Tablets - "Ambrobe "Halixol "ACTS" (effervescent pills).

And now we will examine in more detail some medicines. This will help determine which drug to choose from bronchitis and cough in adults.

The drug "Mukaltin"

For a long time known medicinal medicine. Produced in the form of tablets. It helps with cough and has almost no contraindications. It can not be taken only with ulcers or in case of individual intolerance.

The active substance of the drug "Mukaltin" is an extract of the althaea. The medication affects the bronchi, strengthening expectoration and speeding up the output of phlegm.

The biggest plus of this medication is the minimum price. A blister of 10 tablets costs 15 rubles per pharmacy.

Medication "Ambrobene"

Produce a drug in the form of tablets. This is an effective medicine (for bronchitis) from cough. The drug helps to remove sputum, provides expectoration. Apply it during respiratory diseases, in which it is difficult to remove mucus, including because of its viscosity.

The main active substance is ambroxol hydrochloride. The medication has a number of contraindications.

Its reception is excluded when:

  • stomach ulcer;
  • intolerance to ingredients;
  • the first terms of pregnancy.

The side effects are:

  • headache;
  • gastrointestinal disorders;
  • weakness.

Half an hour after taking the pill, "Ambrobene" begins to have a facilitating effect, which continues for a day.

The cost of the drug in pharmacies - about 150 rubles per package of 20 pills.

The medicine "Libexin"

Tablets that provide analgesic and antispasmodic effects. They promote the expansion of the bronchi, reduce the cough.

The main active ingredient of this drug is prenoxdiazine hydrochloride. Accept "Libexin" when coughing any etiology.

Medication is contraindicated in:

  • intolerance of its components;
  • diseases, with increased mucus formation in the airways;
  • You can not take it also after anesthesia.

With special care, prescribe the drug "Libexin" to children and pregnant women.

The price of the medicine for the package (20 tablets) is about 250 rubles.

The drug "Stoptussin"

Often doctors recommend such a medicine for bronchitis from coughing to adults. The instructions for use refer to the medicament for the group of combined preparations. A remedy is made in the form of syrup and tablets.

The preparation has the following properties:

  • affects the receptors of cough;
  • helps to remove spasms in the bronchi;
  • increases liquefaction of mucus;
  • helps rapid release of sputum from the respiratory tract.

The medicine "Stoptussin" is contraindicated for use:

  • nursing mothers;
  • pregnant women;
  • children under 12 years;
  • with myasthenia gravis.

During therapy with this drug, there may be such side effects as:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • gastric discomfort;
  • headache.

There are also possible manifestations of allergic reactions. It is not recommended simultaneous reception with alcohol.

Packing tablets "Stoptussina" (20 pieces) costs in drugstores about 130 rubles.

The drug "Lazolvan"

This drug is similar in composition and effect with the drug Ambrobene. It is made in the form of syrup and tablets.

The drug "Lazolvan" is contraindicated for taking:

  • during lactation;
  • during pregnancy;
  • with kidney and liver diseases.

As side effects, allergic manifestations may occur.

The average price of a package of 30 tablets is 250 rubles.

The drug "Kodelak"

Another long-used cough remedy. Produced in the form of tablets.

Codeine (the active substance of the drug) acts on the cough center in the brain. Due to this, its tone decreases, and attacks decrease. The medicine "Kodelak" does not affect the functions of breathing, so you can take it even to kids at the age of more than two years.

Contraindicated reception:

  • breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women;
  • with respiratory failure;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • intolerance of the components contained in its composition.

Allergic reactions, digestive problems, headaches may appear during the medication "Kodelak".

The price of the medicine is about 100 rubles per package (10 tablets).

The drug "Bromhexine"

They are made in the form of tablets, syrup and drops. The active ingredient of the preparation is bromhexine hydrochloride.

This cure for bronchitis and cough in adults provides a number of positive effects. It dilutes sputum and stimulates its rapid elimination from the respiratory system.

The drug should not be taken to children under two years, carefully prescribed to women during pregnancy and lactation.

During the reception of "Bromgexin" may occur headaches, rashes, sometimes there is an intensified cough.

20 tablets of the drug cost about 50 rubles.

Tool "ACTS Long"

The medicament is produced in the form of effervescent tablets intended for dissolution in water.

The medicine "ACTS Long as well as the drug "Ambrobene has a long-lasting effect. During the day, only one tablet is needed, which helps to withdraw the sputum, liquefying it. The active substance of the drug is acetylcysteine. This is a fairly common medicine for bronchitis from coughing to adults.

The instruction recommends to exclude reception of a preparation by pregnant and feeding women, and also children till 14 years.

During the treatment of ATSs, the following side effects may occur:

  • cardiopalmus;
  • noise in ears;
  • heartburn;
  • headache;
  • nausea;
  • allergy.

In pharmacies, the drug is sold at a price of 320 rubles per package of 10 tablets.

Medication "Tablets from coughs"

Inexpensive, but effective cure for bronchitis and cough in adults. It has been produced for many years. In its composition - a powder of grass of thermopsis and sodium hydrogen carbonate. These components reduce the viscosity of mucus and accelerate its release from the respiratory system.

The admission of children under the age of 12, breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women, as well as people with stomach ulcers is excluded.

Tablets are sold in pharmacies at a price of about 50 rubles per 20 pieces.

Syrup "Gedelix"

If you need to choose a medicine for bronchitis from coughing to adults, expectorant, then this drug is completely suitable.

Natural product, does not contain sugar and alcohol. The main active substance of the drug is an extract of ivy leaves. This syrup is remarkable in that its reception is allowed to everyone, even children up to a year, nursing mothers and pregnant women.

The medicine "Gedelix" has the following properties:

  • expands and cleanses the bronchi;
  • liquefies phlegm;
  • has a prolonged action;
  • promotes effective sphagnum expectoration.

The only restriction: it is necessary to take cautiously in those cases when a strong sputum discharge is not recommended.

The cost of the drug is about 300 rubles per bottle (100 ml).

The medicine "Plantain syrup"

Herbal preparation helps to get the sputum out of the respiratory tract, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Contains sugar in its composition. It is indicated for use by children from 2 years of age.

The use of this drug for the treatment of people with diabetes is excluded. The cases of drug overdose are not fixed - the body tolerates the intake of any amount of syrup well.

The price of 100 ml of the drug in pharmacies is about 250 rubles.

Medication "Syrup of primrose"

A natural herbal remedy. Can be used even for children from two years old. Has an expectorant effect, helps to dilute sputum.

The cost of 100 ml of syrup is about 250 rubles.

Treatment of bronchitis in adults

If this disease is treated lightly, it can develop into more serious pathologies. In non-neglected cases, the treatment of bronchitis in adults can be performed both in the hospital and at home. There is no single recipe that is suitable for everyone. To answer the question, how to cure bronchitis, it is necessary to understand what kind of illness it is. Physicians define it as an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa caused by infection or external factors.

Symptoms of bronchitis

For all types of bronchitis in the first stages are common symptoms. The main ones are: severe cough, sweating, chest pain, general weakness of shortness of breath, body aches, elevated body temperature. Symptoms of bronchitis can disturb a patient both during the day and at night. Often this leads to sleep disturbance, a disorder of the nervous system. Depending on the causes of the onset, several major types of bronchitis are distinguished:

  • acute;
  • chronic;
  • the smoker's bronchitis;
  • obstructive;
  • allergic.


This type of bronchitis develops against the background of influenza, ARVI or sore throat. It is difficult to recognize such a "transition" independently. The symptoms of these diseases are similar (they can occur simultaneously):

  • cough - paroxysmal, deep, accompanied by sputum, sometimes "barking
  • hoarseness;
  • sore throat;
  • weakness;
  • elevated temperature (can last for several days);
  • headache;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • coryza;
  • a spasm in the chest.

With a mild course of acute bronchitis, some symptoms may be absent. The duration of treatment directly depends on timely diagnosis, proper therapy. The recovery period for bronchitis in adults is 10-20 days. If the treatment does not help, and the disease does not recede, consult a doctor, he will prescribe the necessary procedures and suitable pills for bronchitis for adults. The main difference between the acute form of pathology and other types of disease is that it is contagious.


A distinctive sign of chronic bronchitis is the periodicity and duration. Periods of exacerbation often occur in the cold season. It is more difficult to get rid of such bronchitis than from an acute form, as it is characterized by residual phenomena, even after the course of treatment. Over the years, the disease can progress, take more severe forms. Identify this type of bronchitis can be on the characteristic symptoms.

Doctors diagnose the chronic form of the disease, if cough is present for more than three months a year, for two consecutive years. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath even with a little physical exertion. This is explained by the deformation and blockage of the bronchi that occurs with chronic bronchitis.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Cough. With this form of the disease, it is persistent, uninterrupted, with a slight separation of sputum, recurrent. It is very difficult to stop the seizures.
  • Bronchospasm.
  • The color of sputum can be from yellow to brown, depending on the stage of the disease.


What is the smoker's bronchitis is well known to people who have this bad habit. It occurs due to the ingress of combustion products and harmful substances into the lungs. This form of the disease is characterized by a continuous cough with sputum discharge. Attacks of morning protracted cough begin immediately after awakening, repeated throughout the day. Bronchitis smoker begins as a one-sided, but eventually flows into a two-sided. If treatment is not performed, the disease progresses, leading to the development of pneumonia and chronic cough.


For any bronchitis, the main symptom is a cough. In obstructive form, seizures occur in the morning, after going to the cold, at the beginning of physical activity after rest. Often cough accompanied by spasms of bronchi. With this form of the disease, there is a shortness of breath after physical activity. At first, shortness of breath appears only after severe stress, but over time it occurs during daily activities or at rest. The main causes of obstructive bronchitis in adults:

  • Professional. The causative agent is harmful substances contained in the environment (for example, in hazardous industries). Getting into the body, they become the main cause of obstructive bronchitis.
  • Genetic. Determined by the method of taking tests and passing the survey.


In contrast to chronic or acute bronchitis, it is not infectious, so the use of antiviral drugs to treat the allergic form of the disease does not make sense. This type of pathology arises because of the acute sensitivity of the organism to any substance. Diagnosis of allergic bronchitis in adults will help list the symptoms:

  • Increase in temperature during exacerbation of bronchitis.
  • There is a relationship between external stimuli (the use of certain foods, finding near animals, taking medications) and coughing attacks.
  • The manifestation of uncharacteristic symptoms for bronchitis, for example, rashes on the skin.
  • Cough with bronchitis of allergic form - continuous, paroxysmal in the daytime.
  • The wheeze, whistling as you exhale.

Diagnosis of the disease

To make an accurate diagnosis, the patient should consult a doctor - lung specialist. Only a specialist is able to prescribe the correct treatment for bronchitis in each individual case. It is not recommended to diagnose independently and engage in self-medication. For accurate diagnosis of pathology, adults are assigned such examinations and tests:

  • bronchoscopy;
  • listening to the patient with a phonendoscope;
  • sputum analysis;
  • fluorography;
  • computed tomography of the lungs (only with chronic bronchitis);
  • general blood analysis.

How to treat bronchitis in adults

If you do not know what means of treatment of bronchitis in adults are effective, self-medication should not be engaged. Lack of necessary care can lead to the fact that the disease will remain untreated. Treatment of bronchitis is not limited only to drug therapy. The complex approach successfully used physiotherapy: UHF treatment, inductothermal interblade area and halotherapy. The standard standard for the treatment of bronchitis includes 4 stages:

  1. Refusal from smoking, proper nutrition.
  2. The use of bronchodilators (salbutamol, erespal), the mechanism of their action is to stimulate the receptors, which leads to an expansion of the bronchi.
  3. The use of expectorant and mucolytic drugs that help to withdraw phlegm.
  4. The use of antibiotics (Augmentin, Biseptol) and antiviral drugs (Cycloferon).


Preparations of this group contribute to the removal of bronchospasm. According to the type of action, these funds from bronchitis are divided into three types: adrenomimetics, cholinolytics and combination preparations. They should be considered in more detail:

  1. Adrenomimetics. Relax muscles in the walls of the bronchi, removing the spasm. An example of such a drug is Salbutamol, which is used for asthmatic and chronic bronchitis. It is contraindicated in children under 2 years of age, pregnant. Produced in different forms of the drug, there is a choice - take it inside or stab intramuscularly.
  2. Cholinolytics. They have a pronounced bronchodilating ability. A bright representative of such drugs is Erespal. It is an anti-inflammatory, bronchodilator. Children under 14 years of age are prescribed as a syrup. Contraindicated with intolerance to one of the components of the drug.
  3. Combined preparations. Combine the actions of cholinolytics and adrenomimetics. Example - Berodual (International nonproprietary name - Ipratropium bromide + Fenoterol). The actions of the components of the drug strengthen each other, which leads to a high effectiveness of treatment. The drug facilitates the condition with a dry or productive cough, it starts to act after 10-15 minutes.


The action of expectorants is aimed at excretion of sputum. This is a prerequisite for the treatment of bronchitis in adults. If the body can not independently get rid of a large amount of sputum, it stagnates, and the pathogenic bacteria begin to multiply actively in this environment. More often than other means doctors prescribe to adults such expectorants:

  • Mukaltin. It liquefies viscous sputum, facilitating its release from the bronchi.
  • Means based on the herb thermopsis - Termopsol and Kodelak Broncho.
  • Syrup Herbion, Stoptussin phyto, Bronchicum, Pertusin, Gelomirtol - are based on medicinal herbs.
  • ATSTS (acetylcysteine). Effective means of direct action. It has a direct effect on sputum. When you receive an erroneous dose, you may cause diarrhea, vomiting, and heartburn.


If the bronchitis is bacterial in nature, then antibiotic treatment is prescribed. With a viral infection, they are useless. To select effective antibiotics for bronchitis, it is necessary to conduct a sputum examination. It will show what bacteria caused the disease. The list of antibiotics is now very wide, they should be selected by a doctor. Here are the main groups of such medicines:

  • Aminopenicillins - Amoxiclav, Amoxicillin, Augmentin. The effect of these drugs is aimed at suppressing harmful microorganisms, but they do not cause harm to the patient's body.
  • Macrolides - Macropen, Sumamed, Azithromycin, Clacid. Directly block the multiplication of bacteria.
  • Fluoroquinolones - Moxifloxacin, Ofloxacin. Antibiotics of wide action. They are used to treat bronchitis, chlamydial infections, etc.
  • Cephalosporins - Cefazolin, Suprax, Ceftriaxone. Effects on microorganisms resistant to penicillin.
  • Flemoxin solute. Analog of Amoxicillin. Quickly absorbed into the blood. The form of release - tablets.


Treatment of bronchitis in adults with the help of inhalations is carried out using the following groups of drugs:

  • antiseptic agents,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • vasoconstrictor,
  • hormonal,
  • mucolytics;
  • expectorating,
  • immunomodulators,
  • antibiotics,
  • bronchodilators.

The advantage of this method is the rapid absorption of the drug. Preparations with bronchitis have a very wide range of actions, the best option is to choose only a doctor. For inhalation, such devices are used:

  1. Steam inhalers. Effective in bronchitis are inhalations with essential oils and medicinal herbs.
  2. Thermal Inhalers. Are one of the most affordable devices for conducting procedures at home. With such inhalations, alkaline solutions and phytopreparations are used.
  3. The nebulizer. One of the most effective devices. With its help, treatment is performed at any stage of bronchitis. The device turns medicines into tiny particles that easily reach the focus of the disease.

The range of drugs for inhalation with the use of nebulizer is very wide. In the treatment scheme is often used Pulmicort or Ventolin (prevents and eliminates bronchospasm). The latter is contraindicated in pregnancy, children under 2 years of age and with individual intolerance to the components of the medication. Some medications for treating bronchitis, such as Ambroxol, in addition to tablets and ampoules for intramuscular injections are also available as a solution for inhalation.


Treatment of bronchitis in adults is carried out with topical preparations. To do this, ointments based on animal fats are used. They are applied by rubbing on the skin in the area of ​​the bronchi. The positive effect of the treatment is achieved by carrying out a gentle massage while applying the product. The ingredients have a warming effect, making the cough wet and lightening it. Ointments for the treatment of bronchitis can be purchased or prepared independently at home. Before using any of them it is necessary to conduct an allergy test.

Ready-made ointments are more convenient to use and more effective in the treatment of bronchitis, they contain much more useful substances. One of these drugs - Dr. IOM, which has a minimum of contraindications, is allowed for adults and children. Another popular treatment for bronchitis is bearish fat. It is applied either inside or outside. For the impact through the skin, balms Dr. Thyss, eucalyptus, "Star Bom-Benge ointment and Bormentol, badger fat can be used.

Treatment with folk remedies

In the treatment of bronchitis in adults can be successfully used as pharmacy drugs, and cooked according to the recipes of traditional medicine. These drugs and procedures are less effective, and the course of admission lasts much longer. Here are the folk remedies that have proven effective in the treatment of bronchitis in adults:

  • Aloe with honey. It is administered orally for half an hour before meals. A mixture is made of aloe, honey, melted lard and chocolate, taken in equal proportions.
  • Propolis. An alcohol tincture of this remedy is made and added to tea and herbal infusions of 15 drops. It has antibacterial properties.
  • Milk with soda. Successfully applied for chronic form of the disease and bronchitis of the smoker.
  • Potato inhalation. Proceed according to the scheme: boil potatoes in a uniform, remove from a plate, bending over a hot pan, inhale the steam for 10 minutes. To keep the potatoes cool, cover your head with a large towel.
  • Syrup of cranberries on vodka. Rub the berries (100 g), squeezing the juice, mix them with sugar (50 g). After bringing to a boil the syrup cool, and add a glass of vodka (200 ml). To withdraw phlegm, take 2-day before meals.
  • Bathhouse. Part in it only after consulting a doctor.
  • Warming. These procedures are carried out with a mixture of honey, mustard powder and flour (homemade mustard) or castor oil and turpentine. The mixture is superimposed on the chest area and on the back and left for the whole night. As a warming agent, papillary patches are also used.
  • Compresses. For compresses used honey-oil, potato-soda mixture. Honey compress is superimposed on the back, insulated with cotton wool and left on the patient's body until the morning.

Treatment of pregnant women

Medications prescribed for the treatment of bronchitis in adults (eg, Biseptol, Levomycetin) are strictly contraindicated in pregnant women. A complete lack of therapy can lead to fetal hypoxia, a threat of abortion, bleeding and other negative consequences. An x-ray examination, prescribed for diagnosis of the disease, is strictly contraindicated.

If you suspect a bronchitis, you should see a doctor. After the examination, he will prescribe the necessary treatment, which may include:

  • Abundant drink. Milk, herbal tea, tea.
  • Anti-inflammatory herbal decoctions for sore throats.
  • Means that facilitate a dry cough - breastfeeding, lime tea, milk with honey.
  • Performance of exercises of respiratory gymnastics and physiotherapy exercises.
  • If a woman lives in an area with poor ecology, it will be useful to visit a sanatorium.
  • Physiotherapy (appointed only by a doctor).

If the cough does not pass in a month

Long-term treatment of bronchitis in adults at home often leads to the emergence of dangerous complications. If the cough does not go away after a month, contact the clinic. Refusal of treatment or trust in the knowledge of pharmacist pharmacist, in adults and in the elderly can cause the occurrence of bronchocarcitis, purulent infection, tracheobronchitis, tracheitis and a long rehabilitation.

If you followed all the doctor's prescriptions, took a medicine for bronchitis, but there was no improvement, the therapist should send you to the hospital with the transfer of the protocol of treatment. In the hospital, additional tests will be performed, you will be prescribed medication (antibiotics for adults, antiviral drugs) and procedures (dropper, physiotherapy procedures).

Video advice on the treatment of bronchial cough

Treatment of bronchitis is carried out by different methods. Remember that cough treatment is only part of complex therapy. Having looked at the videos below, you will find out which signs are the first to indicate the presence of bronchitis, what is the folk remedy for this disease. In the final video, the famous pediatrician Komarovsky will explain by examples how one can not treat bronchitis (mentioning homeopathy).

First signs

Folk methods

Komarovsky about how you can not treat bronchitis

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