Drugs for the treatment of influenza

Treatment of influenza

Treatment of influenza is carried out mainly at home.

Hospitalization is carried out according to clinical, epidemiological and social indications.

Clinical indications:

  • severe and hypertoxic forms of influenza;
  • complicated course of influenza (meningitis, encephalitis, pneumonia, etc.);
  • the period of the newborn, regardless of the severity of the disease; Hospitalization of infants is also advisable.

Epidemiological indications:

  • stay of the child in a closed institution or in an organized collective (an orphanage, a child's home, a health camp, etc.).
  • Social indications:
  • lack of opportunity to organize treatment and adequate care in outpatient settings for social, technical or other reasons;
  • the lack of an opportunity to organize a "hospital at home" if necessary in it;
  • antisocial family;
  • homeless and neglected children.

Patients with influenza should be hospitalized in a boxed or semi-boxed department.

All patients with influenza are shown:

  • curative and protective regime (bed - during fever and intoxication with a further transition to the half-bed, which is observed until recovery);
  • Milk-vegetable diet, enriched with vitamins, abundant drink in the form of hot tea, cranberry or cowberry mors, alkaline mineral water;
  • anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agents in an age-related dose at a body temperature of 38 ° C or higher (if not indications for the appointment of antipyretics at a lower temperature - febrile convulsions in history, epilepsy and other). The safest antipyretic for children is paracetamol (Pediatric Panadol, suspension or suppository). Single dose - 15 mg / kg, daily - 60 mg / kg of the child's body weight;
  • at "red fever" also use physical methods of cooling (wiping alcohol in half with water);
  • "Pale fever as a rule, reflects an infectious-toxic shock and requires intensive therapy;
  • In the case of influenza, the use of acetylsalicylic acid is strictly forbidden because of the risk of development of Reye's syndrome with a very high lethality;
  • mucolytic agents (acetylcysteine, carbocysteine) with thick and viscous sputum, as well as mucolytics with expectorant effect - bromhexine, ambroxol;
  • expectorants (lycorin, althea medicinal extract, thermopsis extract, etc.) coughing patients with poorly departing sputum.

Local flu treatment

  • with rhinitis intranasal,% solution of sodium chloride, vasoconstrictive drops (oxymetazoline, xylometazoline); with prolonged rhinitis with pronounced nasal congestion additionally topical antihistamines (desloratadine with 2 years), and with the allergic component - intranasal spray with topical a glucocorticosteroid;
  • with pharyngitis, tonsillitis 2% solution of silver of proteinate or collargol; in older children - bikarmint, chlorhexidine + tetracaine + ascorbic acid, etc .;
  • with laryngitis, tracheitis, laryngotracheitis for children over 2 years to improve drainage steam inhalation (with infusion of chamomile, calendula, mint, sage, St. John's Wort, 1-2% sodium bicarbonate solution); with obstructive laryngitis / laryngotracheitis (croup syndrome) in the hospital use paroinhalation chambers with the use of bronchodilators (berodual, etc.), glucocorticosteroids, sodium bicarbonate;
  • vitamins: ascorbic acid, B vitamins, multivitamins;
  • antihistamines are indicated for children with allergic diseases in the acute stage (atopic dermatitis, respiratory allergies, etc.). Use klemastin, chloropyramine, loratadine, fexofenadine, etc.

Etiotropic antiviral treatment of influenza

  • Adamantane derivatives: children from 1 to 7 years % remantadine syrup 5 mg / (kg / day); in children older than 7 years - remantadine, mg / (kg / day);
  • Inhibitors of viral neuraminidase: oseltamivir 2 mg / (kg / day) for children over 12 years;
  • Specific anti-influenza immunoglobulin, normal human immunoglobulin is indicated for severe and hypertoxic forms of influenza;
  • Interferons (interferon-alpha intranasal. interferon-alpha 2 rectally, interferon-alpha 2a - intramuscularly with severe forms) and inducers of endogenous interferon (arbidol, anaferon infantile, kagocel), and others. Against the background of therapy with a new domestic drug kagocel in children with influenza and other acute respiratory infections, the duration symptoms of intoxication, fever, catarrhal phenomena in the rhinopharyngeal cavity and the main symptoms of stenosing laryngotracheitis (bronchitis). Kagocel helps to increase the production of a- and y-interferons by a factor of -2 in patients with initially low levels. In no case of the use of this interferon inducer in clinical studies in children, side effects and adverse events were reported in including not observed and exacerbation of allergopathology on the background of treatment, while in the comparison group, respiratory infection caused an exacerbation of atopic dermatitis. Kagocel is well tolerated by children, shortens hospitalization and can be used in pediatric practice in children with 6 1 tablet three times a day for the first two days, then 1 tablet 2 times a day for the next 2 days. The analysis of the conducted clinical studies has shown that kagocel has a universal effect on infection in viral respiratory infections, regardless of their etiology and clinical manifestations.

Treatment of influenza with antibiotics

With the flu, as with other ARVI, there is no need to prescribe antibiotics, they are advisable only if there is a suspicion of the bacterial nature of the inflammatory process in the airways.

It should be clearly understood that the treatment of influenza with antibiotics does not have a positive effect, since antibacterial drugs They are designed to treat infectious diseases that have been caused by bacteria, and influenza develops under the influence of viruses. Moreover, treatment of influenza with antibiotics can harm your body, since with uncontrolled and inappropriate use of them increases the risk of developing infections that are resistant to antibiotics. Remember, bacteria and viruses have completely different nature, and treatment of the flu with antibiotics is absolutely useless. Antibiotics can be prescribed by a doctor only in case of complications caused by the influenza virus, since such complications can be caused just by bacteria that have penetrated into a weakened disease organism. Antibacterial drugs are prescribed for such complications of influenza as pneumonia, bacterial bronchitis, inflammation of the pharynx or respiratory tract, conjunctivitis, etc.

Antibiotics for influenza are prescribed according to strict indications:

  • Bacterial complications (acute obstructive purulent-necrotic laryngotracheitis / laryngitis - regardless of the degree of croup, II-IV grade croup syndrome, pneumonia, otitis media, sinusitis, streptococcal or other bacterial tonsillitis / pharyngitis, lymphadenitis, especially with fluctuations, bronchitis with purulent sputum, pneumonia and etc.);
  • Suspicion of a bacterial infection in a patient with influenza (when it is difficult to exclude the development of bacterial infections - severe toxicosis, severe sore throat, raids on tonsils, pain in the ear, dyspnoea without signs of bronchial obstruction, asymmetry of wheezing in auscultation of the lungs, leukocytosis in the blood more 12-15x109 / p). It is necessary to prescribe antibiotics early in case of suspected bacterial complications in children under 3 years of age. However, if the subsequent surveillance and examination does not confirm the suspicion of a bacterial infection, the antibiotic should be discontinued;
  • Severe and complicated forms of influenza;
  • Chronic foci of bacterial infection and especially their exacerbation (recurrent otitis media, chronic sinusitis, chronic pyelonephritis, etc.);
  • Clinical signs of immunodeficiency.

Treatment of influenza in the home

Treatment of influenza in the home must necessarily be comprehensive. First of all, one should be aware that a patient with a flu needs a bed rest, since any physical activity significantly increases the risk of complications. To effectively fight infection, the body needs abundant and warm drink. This helps prevent intoxication, improves the excretion of sputum and helps restore water balance in the body. To bring down the temperature below 38 and a half degrees is not recommended, as it creates a barrier to the propagation of infectious agents. To reduce the heat at home, you can use raspberries - two spoons of raspberries are added by two spoons of mother and stepmother and oregano spoon, pour with boiling water, insist for half an hour and decant. The resulting broth is taken on a quarter cup four times a day. Reduce the temperature can also be done with acetic compresses on the calves of the feet. When coughing effectively warm milk with mineral still water. To facilitate nasal breathing with a cold and nasal congestion, vasoconstrictive drops and sprays (eucazoline, rinazoline), as well as oil-based drops (pinosol) are used. To wash the nose, you can use herbal decoctions and a solution of furacilin. To reduce the inflammatory process in the throat is possible with the help of rinses, using for these purposes an alcohol solution of chlorophyllipt, furacilin, chamomile and sage broth, soda-salt solution. At the very beginning of the disease, antiviral drugs such as arbidol, anaferon, amyzon, etc. are shown. To facilitate the condition can onion juice in breeding with natural honey. Take this mixture you need every half hour for one teaspoon. A powerful antioxidant effect has a lemon - it reduces intoxication of the body and has a destructive effect on the virus.

Drugs for the treatment of influenza

Drugs for the treatment of influenza are prescribed depending on the accompanying symptoms. Antihistamines are indicated in the common cold, frequent sneezing, watery eyes. Decongestants are used to squeeze the head, discomfort in the nose, ears. Anesthetics and antipyretic drugs for influenza help relieve the pain syndrome of various locations and reduce body temperature. When influenza is also prescribed interferon preparations, interferon inducers, immunomodulating, mucolytic, antitussive, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral drugs.

Antiviral drugs have the ability to destroy viruses and are represented by etiotropic agents. The use of etiotropic drugs alone in a flu epidemic is not enough. Immunomodulating drugs restore the function of the body's defenses. The main indication for the use of this group of drugs is the infectious-inflammatory process, which is difficult to treat. To drugs for the treatment of influenza are the following:

Adapromine

The drug is taken orally after eating. At the first signs of the disease, appoint r, g once a day for four days.

Daytiforin

Is taken orally before eating. On the first day of the disease - on, r three times, on the second and third day - on, g twice a day, on the fourth day g once. On the first day of the disease, the daily dose can be consumed in one session.

Remantadine

The drug is most effective at the very beginning of the disease. On the first day, take two tablets (100 mg) three times a day. You can drink a daily dose at a time (six tablets) or for two meals (twice a day for three tablets). On the second and third day of the disease - two tablets (100 mg) twice. On the fourth and fifth day - two tablets (100 mg) once a day. The course of treatment is five days.

Ingavirin

Take one capsule per day.

Immunostat

The drug is taken 200 mg four times a day. The interval between receptions should be six hours. The average duration of treatment is from three to five days.

Arbidol

Po, g (2 tablets) four times a day before meals. The drug is taken within three days.

Anaferon

One tablet under the tongue from three to six times a day, depending on the severity of the disease. After the onset of improvement, a single dose is recommended for eight to ten days.

Amizon

The maximum single dose is 1 g, the daily dose is 2 g. The drug is taken by, 5 g (one or two tablets) from two to four times a day. The course of treatment is from five to seven days.

Amiksin

Take after eating 125 or 250 mg (one or two tablets) per day for two days, then one tablet with a break in two days. All doses of drugs are indicated per adult.

Treatment of influenza in pregnancy

Treatment of influenza during pregnancy has its own nuances, since many drugs against influenza are contraindicated for pregnant women. Among them, aspirin, various antitussive, antiviral and vasoconstrictive drugs. Therefore, the treatment of influenza during pregnancy should be combined with an abundant drink of warm a liquid that helps to eliminate toxins - tea with honey and lemon, milk, broth of wild rose, raspberries. To reduce the temperature, you can take a tablet of paracetamol. When you cough, you can drink breastfeeds and expectorants that are approved for use during pregnancy (Dr. Mom, Gedelix). To reduce the inflammation of the nasal mucosa, oil-based drops "Pinosol" can be used. To wash the nose use aquamaris, a homemaker, a marimer. As part of complex therapy, the use of vitamin-mineral complexes is mandatory.

Effective treatment of influenza

Anti-influenza therapy, started in the first thirty-six hours after the onset of symptoms disease, can significantly reduce the duration of the disease and reduce the risk of developing complications. Effective treatment of influenza is the combination of chemotherapy with non-specific drugs or is achieved when using only interferons and their inducers and immunomodulating agents that possess an antiviral activity. Effective treatment of influenza must necessarily be comprehensive. If you are sick, consume a large amount of warm liquid (tea, milk, cranberry juice, herbal decoctions). When you cough and runny nose, use disposable paper napkins, then wash your hands with soap and water. Often ventilate the room. Take antiviral drugs and keep bed rest.

Treatment of influenza in adults

Treatment of influenza in adults is carried out at home with strict adherence to bed rest. Hospitalization is indicated for hyperthermia, convulsions, blurred consciousness, severe arterial hypotension, cardiac disorders, complications. Symptomatic therapy at home is the regular use of a large number of warm drinks, the use of antiviral, antihistamine and antipyretics. If the temperature subsided, you can make herbal inhalation with chamomile, calendula, sage. At the very beginning of the disease, remantadine is used, the nasal passages are washed with furacilin and lubricated with oxalic ointment. Antibacterial drugs and sulfonamides are shown only in case of bacterial complications, and also in order to prevent the development of chronic purulent-inflammatory diseases.

Treatment of the influenza virus

Treatment of the influenza virus consists in carrying out specific therapy depending on the type of virus. The influenza A virus is capable of creating an epidemiological situation of moderate to severe severity, for example, swine and chicken flu. Influenza type B usually does not cause epidemics and has local outbreaks of the disease. The influenza type C virus has not been sufficiently investigated. Its signs are usually negligible or completely absent, this type of virus can be combined with a type A virus. Treatment of the influenza virus, first of all, should be aimed at the destruction of viral cells. The influenza A virus, for example, is sensitive to oseltamivir and zanamivir. The main types of influenza virus are A and B. Type A is more common, with M2 inhibitors used to control it. Against the viruses of group A and B, neuraminidase inhibitors are effective. Antiviral drugs that use flu treatment can suppress viral enzymes and stimulate the formation of interferon. The first group of drugs suppresses the virus itself, the second - reduces the susceptibility of cells to viral agents. Treatment of the influenza virus should begin with the first symptoms of the disease.

Treatment of influenza

The treatment regimen for influenza includes sequential procedures to remove current symptoms of the disease and neutralize viral cells.

  1. To directly neutralize the virus, antiviral drugs are taken (arbidol, amixin, rimantadine, groprinosin).
  2. High temperature (above 3, degrees), which is accompanied by severe chills, headaches and muscle pain, can be brought down with antipyretic drugs (aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen) /
  3. The primary symptoms of the disease may also be a dry cough and a sore throat. In such cases, expectorant tablets and syrups (bronchial, doctor Mom, herbion, lazolvan) are shown - three to four times a day, antiseptic tablets for resorption and candies (septefril, pharyngosept, decatilene, septothete, strepsils) - from three to six times in a day.
  4. To eliminate nasal congestion, locally used vasoconstrictive drugs - naphthyzine, rinazolin, tizin, eucazoline - one injection in each nasal passage three times a day. When the mucous compartment of mucus from the nasal passages is abundant, the nose is washed with saline solution, as well as preparations such as saline, a hummer, a marimer, and a pure.
  5. As part of complex therapy, they take funds to strengthen immunity (tincture of Echinacea purpurea, immunal, vitamin-mineral complexes). Immunal is taken as follows: twenty drops three times a day, with a small amount of liquid. The primary dose can be forty drops once, then for two days, take twenty drops every hour or two, after which they switch to the recommended average dosage.
  6. Periodic rinsings of the throat with herbal decoctions, soda-salt solutions, regular abundant warm drinks, rest and bed rest are also shown.
  7. Contraindicated any physical activity, antibacterial drugs, as well as thermal procedures, if the high body temperature.

Treatment of influenza in lactation

Treatment of influenza with lactation, as in pregnancy, should be done with extreme caution. With a severe course of the disease without taking medication can not do, but, of course, not all medications are allowed during breastfeeding. According to the doctor's prescription, antiviral drugs based on interferon can be taken. To reduce the temperature, you can drink paracetamol. With the flu, you should always drink warm tea with honey, raspberries, lemon or milk. The throat can be rinsed with an aqueous solution of soda and salt, a decoction of chamomile. Regularly ventilate the room to clear the air from the accumulated viruses. When the flu is also necessary rest and bed rest. In severe cases, drug treatment of influenza with lactation is an indication for the interruption of the feeding process.

Modern treatment of influenza

Modern treatment of influenza includes a set of various procedures for the destruction of viruses and the elimination of symptoms of the disease. When influenza, the patient is necessarily shown bed rest, copious drinking, gargling and nasal passage for the erosion of infection. Modern treatment of influenza also implies the appointment of a dairy and vegetable diet, foods rich in vitamin C. In recent years, the treatment of influenza is combined with the use of immunomodulators, which help the body to cope with the disease more quickly. Natural immunostimulants are the hips, the extract of the roots of Eleutherococcus, Chinese lemongrass, echinacea purpurea, etc. However, it should be remembered that uncontrolled use of them can, on the contrary, worsen the functioning of the immune system. In the case of influenza, a remedy like remantadine, which has high antiviral activity, is well established. At the very beginning of the disease, you can dig in three to five drops of human leukocyte or recombinant interferon in each nasal passage with a break of one to two hours for two to three days. Nasal passages can also be lubricated with oxalic ointment. With nasal congestion, vasoconstrictive drops and sprays are used. The temperature is knocked down only if it exceeds thirty-eight and a half degrees, since it promotes the production of endogenous interferon (the organism fights the infection). When influenza is recommended taking vitamins and minerals, as well as immunomodulating drugs. Detoxication therapy is carried out with the help of such drugs as polyglucin, reopolyglucin, a five percent glucose solution, hemodez, ascorutin.

Rapid treatment of influenza

Rapid treatment of influenza depends on the combination of various factors that affect the course of the disease. First, it should be clearly understood that with the flu, it is necessary to show bed rest. This is one of the necessary conditions for successful and rapid treatment of the disease. If you take antiviral drugs and at the same time engage in physical activity, then naturally, you should not expect a quick effect, this can only aggravate the situation. So, the first rule - a full rest and bed rest. The second obligatory condition is active consumption of warm liquid in any kind - it can be green or black tea with honey, lemon, milk, fruit juice, raspberry compote. The liquid helps to remove toxins from the body and, as a result, rapid treatment of influenza. Do not forget to regularly ventilate the room and use disposable handkerchiefs when coughing and sneezing to avoid the multiplication of viruses. For the elimination of viruses are shown antiviral drugs - arbidol, anaferon, amixin, remantidine, etc. To eliminate the current symptoms of the disease, use antiseptic tablets and sprays (anginal, chlorophyllipt, orasept, septefril, lysobakt, pharyngosept, etc.), expectorant drugs (mucaltin, ambroxol, herbion) and vasoconstrictors (galazolin, tizin, rinazolin, eucazoline).

Treatment of influenza with folk remedies

Among the folk remedies for influenza, the dog rose proved to be well established. Dry rose hips must be crushed and poured in cold water (1 L), then boil for ten minutes. The resulting broth to insist in a warm place for eight to ten hours, then strain. Take a ready-made medicine you need one glass five to six times a day, you can add honey.

A similar agent can be prepared by mixing the dogrose with honey and adding the fruits of currants or raspberries. Take three times a day for half a glass before eating. A good effect in the treatment has a viburnum. The fruits of this plant are mixed with mother-and-stepmother and poured with boiling water, and then strain and take one glass a night in a warmed state. Another popular remedy for influenza is the onion. A medium-sized bulb should be rubbed on a grater, then spread on gauze, folded into several layers. Put the resulting mixture on the side surfaces of the nose for ten to fifteen minutes. Repeat the procedure should be three to four times a day. Skin covers before the procedure, it is recommended to lubricate with lean oil or a cosmetic face cream. Rinse nasal passages can be saline. Also, with a cold, you can dig in the nasal passages of a drop of vegetable oil mixed with garlic. Garlic crushed, add a spoonful of lean oil, insist for twelve hours, and then filter. At a temperature, mixed rose hips with mountain ash, poured hot water, insisted for four hours and decant. Received infusion take three times a day for half a glass. Also to remove the heat, you can dilute 1 tablespoon of vinegar per liter of slightly warm boiled water, moisten the vinegar solution with a towel and rub the shins, arms, the area of ​​the armpits. When the temperature drops, you can pour dry mustard powder into your socks and put them on all night, wrapping your feet warmly. At normal body temperature, you can do inhalation with sage, eucalyptus, chamomile. You can also cook unrefined potatoes, drain the water, crush, add two or three drops of fir oil and breathe steam for five to seven minutes, pre-covered with a towel. Inhalation is contraindicated in people with diseases of the cardiovascular system.

ilive.com.ua

Review of antiviral drugs in cases of influenza and influenza

Any disease, especially ARVI and the Flu is easier, cheaper and safer not to treat, but not to prevent, to prevent its occurrence. Recently, especially worried about the "point" - it's safer. Should I take antiviral pills at all? In today's complex world, how to understand the issues:

  • Will the effect of using an expensive antiviral drug?
  • Which drug is better for adults to take flu, children?
  • Do not it cause harm to health?
  • Is there the best cure for flu?
  • Effective antiviral drugs - is it advertising, business, dummy or not?

Antiviral drugs for Orvy on the Russian pharmaceutical market are as follows:

Virtually all antiviral drugs for orvi and flu have no evidence base for their antiviral efficacy. Studies are very expensive, conducted by the manufacturers themselves and those interested in the positive conclusion of the parties. Today, most clinical trials of new drugs are regularly falsified in order to bring "miraculous" drugs to the market with a new price tag. Given the fabulous commercial benefits of selling expensive antiviral drugs during the epidemic, honesty and objectivity of research is not believed. As you know, pharmacological publications, even in medical journals today, are about 90 percent - these are custom-made articles of an advertising nature.

Today in the pharmacy chains an abundance of various medicines, some of which in fact "Medicines" are not, because there are a lot of fakes, frank dummies and inefficient means. Advocates of patients' rights in Ukraine, for example, argue that in 4 drugs registered as antiviral - the active substance was not found. However, a wide advertising company allows producers to earn millions of hryvnias on them per year.

Antiviral drugs for Orvi are conventionally divided into:

  • Vaccines - stimulation of the production of antibodies before infection with the virus
  • Immunostimulants - drugs that temporarily enhance nonspecific immunity, which promote the production of interferons
  • Antiviral drugs are agents that affect neuraminidase (a viral enzyme) by suppressing the multiplication of the virus (Oseltamivir, Zanamivir) and blockers of M2-channels Amantadine, Remantadin - these drugs have proven clinical effectiveness, but as any means have a number of side effects effects.

Most antiviral drugs for orvi and influenza are developed and applied no more than 10-40 years. The drug should have a greater "trial period" in order to draw a conclusion about its effectiveness and side effects. As for immunostimulants, these funds can have delayed consequences (development risks autoimmune diseases, oncological diseases of the blood, etc.) and should be prescribed according to strict indications.

Immunity modulators and antiviral agents

The immunostimulants produced today show the activation of immune reactions at the biochemical level (what is called "In vitro"), but their real benefits and long-term consequences of use are rather complex, poorly understood region. Since information on many mechanisms of immunity has become known relatively recently, scientists are getting more and more information about its functioning every year. Therefore, there is no confidence in the safety and correctness of general stimulation of the "under-researched" immune system (see Fig. what is immunity and whether drugs are needed to improve it). Especially prudent should be the preventive use of immunostimulants and the treatment with antiviral medicines for children.

"Pharmacy immunostimulants can not only help the body, but also harm" - says Ph.D. Tatyana Tikhomirova, immunologist-allergist. Such a state as hyperactivation of the immune system, as well as immunodeficiency is extremely dangerous, the human body functions normally only with the balance of the immune system. And if a person each time stimulates ("to increase self-immunity"), then, in the presence of predisposing factors, this may result in pathological inflammation, launching of immune aggression on healthy tissues, hyperactivation of the immune system and theoretically (in extreme cases) to the development of autoimmune or oncological disease.

If the next of kin has any autoimmune disease (rheumatoid arthritis, insulin-dependent sugar diabetes, Sjogren's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, etc.), then under no circumstances should a person use any immunostimulants. Even if a person is healthy, there is already a violation of the immune system, and one can live with them all his life, but if he is rude and persistently try to stimulate their immune system, it can end with the debut of an autoimmune disease.

Fortunately, for most healthy people, without the presence of any predisposing factors, it is difficult to "achieve" your immunity so as to seriously damage your health. Since most of the known immunostimulants either do not work at all, or almost do not work. One part of the drugs - an ordinary deception, another - ineffective means. But it should be remembered that any drug has side effects.

Drug Groups Act Names of drugs
Interferon preparations Blockade of viral mRNA translation, presentation of viral antigens Recombinant alpha / gamma interferons
Etiotropic means Neuraminidase inhibitors
  • Relenza
  • Tamiflu
  • Peramivir
Ion channel blockers Rimantadine (Remantadine, Orvirem)
Antiviral drugs with varying degrees of evidence of action Enabling synthesis
endogenous interferons
  • Kagocel
  • Cycloferon
  • Lavomax (Amiksin, Tyloron)
  • Cytovir 3
Specific HA chaperone
  • Arbidol
NP-Protein Inhibitors
  • Ingavirin

Alexander Khadzhidis, Chief Clinical Pharmacologist, St. Petersburg states the following: "Some doctors for some reason first appoint patients antipyretic drugs, and then immunomodulators, supposedly for the production of interferon - which is illogical and generally is absurd. That is, first, knocking down the temperature - "forbid" the body to fight the virus (at high temperature, antibodies are produced against the virus and infection), and then artificially "forced" do.

In developed countries, interferonogens (drugs that stimulate the production of interferon) are not at all. Interferons can work only with parenteral (intravenous) administration, and even then, their effectiveness is questionable. In Russia, these drugs are extremely popular, despite the fact that they are useless.

With regard to antipyretics with the virus - to knock down the temperature better with paracetamol and once with a rise in temperature, rather than 4 p / day - "just in case." Taking Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) in ARVI, especially in children under 12 years old, is contraindicated, it can become the cause of severe damage to the central nervous system and the liver, it is not recommended to apply it to those who suffered from peptic ulcer disease Gastrointestinal tract. "

Well-known in Russia doctor Alexander Myasnikov says that all immunomodulators widely advertised in our country are a waste of money. In the United States and Western Europe, it is already unequivocally recognized and proven that these remedies are ineffective, but most Russian doctors continue to believe in the power of immunomodulators in treating Orvi.

Cytovir 3

Pharmacological action: Integratedimmunostimulating, an antiviral drug,

has an interferonogenic effect. As part of the drug - Timogen sodium, ascorbic acid, bendazole. Timogen synthetically obtained dipeptide, it enhances the nonspecific resistance of the organism. Ascorbic acid normalizes the permeability of capillaries, reducing the activity of the inflammatory process. Bendazol stimulates the production of endogenous interferon in the body.

Side effects: in people suffering from vegetative-vascular dystonia, causes a decrease in blood pressure.

Contraindications: in pregnancy, children under 1 year, thrombophlebitis, severe hypotension, diabetes mellitus, stomach ulcer, urolithiasis.

Issued: since 2001 in capsules, for children since 2006 in syrup, in powder for the preparation of solution
Research: There is no reliable information about clinical trials confirming its efficacy and safety. Often, doctors and pharmacists recommend this tool for children, but use it to treat children should be used with caution or not used at all.

References: Quite a lot of reviews in patients who use Citovir, about the effectiveness and absence of side effects. Improvement of well-being is observed on the second-third day, in single cases the drug did not help.
Price: Cytovir 3 - average240-580rub.

Kagocel

Pharmacological action: inducer of interferon synthesis, antiviral,immunomodulatingeffect. Composition: the sodium salt of the copolymer, which causes the formation of late interferon, which has high antiviral activity. The greatest effect occurs if you start treatment within the first 24 hours of the disease, but not later than the 4th day after the onset of an acute infection. With a view to prevention, it is possible to take it at any time, preferably immediately after contact with a sick Orvy or a flu.

Side effects: the emergence of allergic reactions.
It is issued: It is registered in 2003, since 2005 it is made in tablets, since 2011 it is resolved to use for children over 3 years old for the treatment of influenza, as an prevention for children can be used for children older than 6 years.

Research efficiency and safety: There is conflicting information. The active ingredient is the sodium salt of the gossypol copolymer with carboxymethyl cellulose.

And Gossipol itself is a natural polyphenol, it has been banned in the world since 1998 due to its toxicity. Gossypol for a long time and actively studied by some countries as a contraceptive, with its continued intake completely stops spermatogenesis. Chinese and Brazilian scientists say that host gossypol boys and men may suffer infertility in the future. However, Kagocel is not pure gossypol, it is the sodium salt of the copolymer, which has other properties that differ from the properties of the chemical itself.

The manufacturer actively advertises the drug and claims that the salt in Kagocel is negligible, 4 times lower than the concentration from the international standards allowed. Multiple stages of purification of the product ensure the absence of free Gossypol in the final drug, which is checked by monitoring the quality of each series of Kagocel tablets. The method used to check the availability of free gossypol is very accurate, it can reveal its content higher, 036%. In early 2013, data were published on tests performed on rats - no changes in reproductive function were detected in animals.

That is, research on primates was not done? It is known that gossypol for different animal species has its maximum dose of toxicity, according to the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) for rats the limiting toxic dose is 2200-3300 mg / kg.,for pigs 550, for guinea pigs up to 300 mg / kg. The research carried out by the manufacturer consisted in the administration of therapeutic doses to male rats, and doses 25 times higher than therapeutic doses250 mg / kg). Can you trust the rest of the statements and "studies"?

Neither in Western Europe nor in the United States Kagocel is not used, there are no WHO medicines on the list. The effectiveness of the drug is not proven according to the representatives of the Formulary Committee of the RAMS and SDMX. There were no statistical studies on the development of side effects as of autumn 2013.

The drug is actively recommended for use by adults and children, but evidence of the safety of this medicines for children 3-6 years old no, clinical studies for this age group are not was produced.

Reviews: Many help, some children and adults are allergic reactions in the form of rashes, swelling, itching.
Price: Kagocel - average180-280rub. In 2012, the volume of sales amounted to - 2.64 billion. rubles

Tyloron (Amiksin, Lavomax)

Pharmacological action: active ingredient Tiloron, possesses antiviral andimmunomodulatingaction, it is a synthetic inducer of interferon that stimulates the formation of interferons alpha, beta, gamma.

Side effects: short-term chills, allergic reactions, contraindicated in breastfeeding and pregnancy.

Issued: almost 40 years ago, children under 7 years of age are strictly prohibited.

Research: The benefits of the drug are unquestionable for both treatment and prevention of viral diseases, but this can overlap with potential harm to the body. In the 80's in the US, after tests on mice, the drug was banned, as it had a highly toxic effect,in experimental animals, retinal bundle, liver lipidosis and other side effects were observed. It does not apply in the US and the European Union. In our country, continue to produce antiviral Amiksin and doctors appoint it to patients.
A small study involved 14 patients who received tilorone in a dose of 152 and 189 g, in 2 the drug caused keratopathy and retinopathy (while the visual acuity did not decrease), these effects were reversible. The authors of the study concluded about the potential danger of the drug for health.
Reviews: The occurrence of allergic reactions, the high cost of medicine.
Price: Amiksin - on average500-560rub. Sales volume in 2012 amounted to 7 billion. rub.

Additionally! Medicines, the so-called immunomodulators - Lycopid, Polyoxidonium, Cycloferon, Proteflazide, Timogen, Panavir, Isoprinosine, Neovir, Groprinosin and others. - should not be used to treat children (for various diseases) without immunograms and serious indications as they do not have the proper clinical trials of efficacy and safety in the treatment children.

Antiviral drugs

Below are just some of the antiviral medications from Orvi, reviews about them, a brief description, comments on known studies of their effectiveness, the average price in pharmacies.

Ingavirin

Pharmacological action: active substance imidazolylethanamide pentandioic acid. It is active against adenovirus infection, influenza A, B, respiratory syncytial infection, parainfluenza. It is an immunomodulator that affects the functional activity of the interferon system.

Side effects: allergic reactions

Contraindicated: children under 18 years.

Produced: as a drug for the treatment of influenza and orgi from 2008, before that, according to prof. Vlasova Vasilia Vitaglutam (imidazolylethanamide pentane diacid) was used in Russia before 2008 as a stimulant for hematopoiesis in cancer patients receiving an anticancer therapy.

Research: According to the manufacturers, the idea of ​​producing Ingavirin arose in the 1980s, but Only after many years of research into its safety and efficacy was the drug submitted for registration by 2008 year. When Vitaglutam was used in patients with oncological diseases, there was no convincing evidence of its effectiveness. And when in 2008 Ingavirin appeared on the pharmaceutical market without full-fledged studies, the "epidemic of swine flu" began in the country, therefore Ingavirin was actively sold. The drug was recommended by the Ministry of Health and Social Development, even despite the absence of placebo-controlled studies, reasonable evidence of its effectiveness.

One study conducted at 105!!! of patients with confirmed influenza showed the following results:

  • Receiving ingavirin reduced the duration of fever to 3 hours (if used in the first 1 days after the onset of the disease)
  • In the placebo group, this is 72 hours
  • In the group taking Arbidol - 48 hours

Analyzing the duration and intensity of flu symptoms - weakness, headache, dizziness in patients with ingavirin was confirmed to reduce the severity of the disease, side effects are not revealed.

In May 2009, Alexander Chuchalin, chief therapist of the Russian Federation, (he led a team of drug developers) gave an interview to the magazine Ogonek: "The new antiviral agent Ingavirin efficiency is much higher than that of the AmericanTamiflu. The Russian drug is quickly and easily integrated into the genome of the A / H1N1 virus, immediately destroying it. It is also effective with other dangerous viruses. "

Reviews: Most drug does not help, isolated cases confirm the reduction in the timing of the disease.

Price:380-460rub. From January to June 2010, the sales volume of Ingavirin was 220 million. rubles, 467 thousand packages were sold.

Arbidol

Pharmacological action: Antiviral, has the ability to suppress viruses of influenza A and B, SARS - severe acute respiratory syndrome, associated coronavirus. Arbidol is also used in the complex therapy of acute rotavirus intestinal infections.
Active substance: Methylphenylthiomethyl-dimethylaminomethyl-hydroxybromoindole carboxylic acid ethyl ester.

Side effects: use of children under 3 years is prohibited, individual

allergic reactions.
Produced: invented in 1974, in 1992, it began its industrial production.

Research: Until 2013 there was no convincing evidence in its effectiveness and safety. Studies conducted in the USSR have not been published. In Russia in 2008, a study of 300 people showed that Viferon was more effective than Arbidol. In 2004, in China, tests for 230 patients with symptoms of Orvi showed it was not effective, in contrast to Tamiflu and Ingaverin. In 2009, in the journal of the UK "Antiviral Research the authors of the research stated that strains resistant to Arbidol are formed less frequently than those of Remantadine and Amantadine.

The Office of Quality Control of US Medicines denied registration of Arbidol in the United States, and WHO has never considered this drug as an effective antiviral drug.

Update on the drug: At the end of 2013, the World Health Organization Arbidol (umifenovir) as an antiviral drug with a direct effect, assigning it an individual code J05AX13. Thus, Pharmstandard received a nominal permission for widespread use of the drug on the territory of the Russian Federation, where Arbidol is included in the standards of treatment and prevention of influenza and ARVI in children and adults.

Nevertheless, the multicenter test of the effectiveness of Arbidol, which was planned to be completed in 2013, has not been completed to this day, and its terms have been postponed to 2015. The results of this test, which has serious sponsors and does not suffer from a shortage of patients, could put a dot over I in the arbidol epic, but for unknown reasons this is not occurs. I.eevidence of effectiveness is not present until now, it remains to wait ...

Reviews: The same number of positive reviews and opinions about the ineffectiveness of its use. There are isolated cases of allergic reactions in the form of dermatitis, angioedema, pain in the epigastric region.
Price: Arbidol - on average130-710rub. In 2012, the volume of sales - more than 5 billion. rub.

At the pharmaceutical market in Belarus, an analog of Arbidol, producer of JV "Lekpharm" appeared. It is a generic drug, in the Belarusian import-substituting packaging - Arpetol. The instructions to him indicate that the active substance is: arbidol hydrochloride? Once again, the commercialization of today's pharma market and the lack of proper control is proved!

Tamiflu

Pharmacological action: an antiviral drug, which includes oseltamivir carboxylate (active metabolite), suppresses influenza A and B viruses. When Orvi is not effective.

Side effects: Nausea, insomnia, diarrhea, dizziness, lethargy, cough, headaches, with caution to pregnant women and lactation. Contraindicated for children under 1 year.

Produced: since 1996, the pharmaceutical company "F. Hoffmann-La Roche "registered the right to develop

preparations containing oseltamivir.

Research: Tamiflu has a disadvantage - it complicates the diagnosis, because side effects are similar to the symptoms of influenza. It is dangerous in the epidemic period with long-term admission. Optimum effective only short-term use - a few days at the beginning of the flu. Independent researchers demanded a standard report from the Swiss manufacturer of 4-5 research modules. To which the pharmaceutical company provided only the first modules, repeated requests for full information were never satisfied.

Since 2004, cases of neuropsychic disorders began to be registered, more often in children and adolescents, who took Tamiflu during influenza - hallucinations, nightmares, confusion, convulsions, anxiety, etc.

Japanese postmarketing studies of this drug in 2006 have indicated a risk of developing impaired consciousness in humans - psychosis, depression, suicidal tendencies, especially in children. And there were also 54 deaths after Tamiflu, 16 of which were in adolescents 10-19 years (15 killed suicide, 1 died, hitting a car), the rest died of kidney failure (it is possible that due to severe flu).


The latest information about this drug:Back in April 2014, the Cochrane Society (an independent health research network) represented by Tom Jefferson and the British Medical the journal published data from the Cochrane review of studies that did not confirm the efficacy of Tamiflu and Relenza in the treatment and prevention influenza. Also, the efficacy of reducing influenza complications with these drugs has also been questioned. The firm attempts of Roche firm to fight back with a firm promise to provide undeniable evidence in the form of results of randomized trials have so far not been successful. Evidence is expected to present.

April 10, 2014, the Cochrane Collaboration website published the results of these 26 clinical trials Relenza and 20 clinical trials of Tamiflu, in which 2, 00 people participated.

As a result of the research it was found that:

  • Oseltamivir as a preventive agent slightly reduces the risk of developing influenza in families, without reducing the ability of the influenza virus to be transmitted from person to person.
  • The duration of symptoms is reduced by 16 hours (from 7 to, days), in children this effect is absent altogether.
  • The drug has no effect on the risk of serious complications (sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bronchitis), that is, does not reduce the likelihood of complications.
  • The medicine is recognized as sufficiently toxic, increasing the risk of nausea, vomiting in both children and adults.
  • When used for preventive purposes, the drug was dangerous to health, because it leads to mental disorders, impaired renal function, in some cases found that it helps to reduce the production of their own antibodies to the virus.

Based on these studies, health officials of the world's leading countries should decide to stop mass procurement of antiviral drugs with the current substance Oseltamivir due to the high risk of side effects and low effectiveness as a medicine for the therapy and prevention of influenza virus in the period epidemic.

reference: only on the basis of the claims of the manufacturer Tamiflu that the drug significantly reduces the risk of serious complications and hospitalization of patients during the epidemic, countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States in 2009 in connection with the epidemic of swine flu, these drugs were purchased at 40 million doses (The USA, bln. dollars, Great Britain 424 million. f.St.).

Based on recent data on the low efficacy and non-safety of this antiviral agent, an international group experts in evidence-based medicine called on the governments of the world's leading countries to stop mass purchases of Tamiflu and Relenza.

Reviews: There are enough reviews about side effects in the form of vomiting, dizziness, psychosis, headache. The effectiveness of influenza is confirmed by many.

Price: Tamiflu-on average1200-1300rub.

Remantadine (Rimantadine)

Pharmacological action: antiviral drug, an adamantane derivative, suppresses various strains of the influenza A virus (swine flu including).

Side effects: contraindicated in pregnant women, children under 1 year. Reduces concentration of attention, causes dizziness, nervousness, headache, increased fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dryness in

mouth.

Produced: information on the first uses of the drug are known since 1968.

Research: The tests were conducted from 1981 to 2006, mainly they showed a lower toxicity of Remantadine in comparison with Amantadine. One study showed the effectiveness of preventing Amantadine influenza infection by 61% in compared with the placebo group and in the event that a person fell ill, then for 1 day reduced febrile syndrome. In the same study, he was compared to Tamiflu, he gave an efficacy of 73% of the placebo group. Rimantadine (Remantadine) is currently considered a drug with proven clinical efficacy, but the possible resistance to it of some strains of the influenza virus.

Reviews: There are reviews that Remantadin causes side effects - dizziness, tachycardia, bitterness in the mouth. In general, the reviews are positive.
Price: Remantadine - average50-150rub.

It is during the flu (including swine) with the first symptoms of therapists and pediatricians recommend: adults - Remantadin, Tamiflu. Children over 1 year old are shown by Orvir (rimantadine syrup), Viferon. Children older than 8 years can - Remantadin (in the table), Tamiflu.

Interferon preparations

Interferons are informant proteins, which are excreted by cells infected with viruses. They seem to inform other cells about the infection and the required inactivation of the virus. Alpha interferons produce lymphocytes, beta - fibroblasts. In addition to Viferon, the alpha group includes Intron, Reaferon, Kipferon.

Viferon

The creation of the drug was scientifically justified in the period 1990-1995. group of scientists of the Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology. N.F. Gamaleia under the guidance of prof. Malinovskaya V.V.
Since December 1996 on the basis of the same SRI, serial production of recombinant interferon alfa-2b in suppositories begins. Viferon - a candle with a different content of the active substance.

Application:

  • Viferon-1 (150000 IU) is designed for babies from birth to 7 years. It is used in ARVI, herpetic infection, as an additional remedy for prolonged pneumonia or sepsis, including in preterm infants with intrauterine infections. The drug is given a course for 5 days. Children under 7 years are recommended 1 candle 2 times a day. Preterm, born on a period of more than 34 weeks - as children under 7 years. With a shorter gestation period - 1 candle three times a day. If necessary, after a five-day break, the course can be repeated for another 5 days.
  • In children older than seven years, an adult drug in candles for 50, 00 IU is used twice a day for five days. Possible use of viferon in pregnant women.
  • Candles with viferon content of , 0, 00 and , 0, 00 IU are used in the treatment of viral hepatitis and herpetic infections.
  • The preparation in the form of ointment is intended for the therapy of herpes on the skin and mucous membranes in adults and children older than a year.

Side effects: the main side effect of drugs viferon may be an allergic reaction, which happens infrequently.

Research: As for the effectiveness of the drug, it is not included in list A of evidence-based pharmacology. I.e,wide randomized trials in humans consistent with international standards were not performed. However, a positive practical experience of treatment with viferon in pediatric practice is available. (By the way, nitroglycerin also does not have randomized studies that prove its effectiveness, which does not make it an ineffective first-line drug for stenocardia). Publications of these clinical trials of the drug are available only in Russian and were conducted only in domestic clinics. Value for money allows pediatricians to recommend a drug for ARVI treatment in children younger than seven years. For adults in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, the drug is of limited use because of rectal administration and the availability of alternative drugs.

The main arguments of the opponents of the drug:

  • high molecular weight of protein molecules that can not be absorbed in the gut
  • lack of clinical trials that meet international standards.

Kipferon

In candle light a little expensive for the treatment of common colds. Therefore, it is replaced by viferon. But, with severe forms of intestinal dysbiosis in children of the first two years of life, the drug shows good clinical results.

Studies: Randomized trials were not conducted, that is, the drugrefers to the list of drugs with unproven effects. The main claims:

  • High molecular weight, which prevents normal absorption
  • Adding to the drug components of the donor blood, which can cause fever and allergies.

Cycloferon

Cycloferon was originally registered as a veterinary drug in 1993 for the treatment of animals with viral infections, in 1995 it was already honey. a drug.

The drug Cycloferon is approved for use in adults and children older than four years. Produced in solution for injection, tablets, liniment. Refers to immunomodulating drugs, is an inducer of interferon, enhancing its production and exhibiting antiviral, anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating properties.

Application: on the territory of the Russian Federation is used in the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, viral hepatitis, herpes infection, human papillomaviruses and other urological and gynecological pathologies (eg, candidiasis, chlamydia).
Contraindications: The drug is not recommended for pregnant and lactating. May cause an allergic reaction.
Research: Cycloferon is an immunostimulant that stimulates the immune system and the production of interferons. To date, allclinical trialsthis drug, published in the medical literature,were conducted only in the territory of the Russian Federation and do not meet international standards.

There are no serious clinical trials for cycloferon that would prove its effectiveness or refuted the absence of long-term adverse effects of this drug (development of autoimmune diseases). It is not superfluous to recall that all drugs that are on the pharma market for less than five years are still at the fifth level pharmacological tests and it is quite possible to identify previously unknown undesirable effects from drugs such series. In the presence of newly identified harmful effects, the drug will be withdrawn from the pharmacy networks and discontinued, and most of those who have been treated with this remedy and have earned some disruptions in health are unlikely to receive at least some compensation.

Conclusions:

Ineffectiveness of antiviral agents due to the stability of strains of the virus

The lack of a positive effect with the use of certain antiviral drugs for influenza is possible, and because there are drug-resistant viruses and a specific influenza strain may already be resistant to a particular drug (eg, Remantadin).

Other treatments and placebo effect

It is also possible that patients whose reviews indicate the efficacy of such remedies were quickly recovered by other methods of symptomatic treatment, and the placebo effect is not excluded (cf. amazing facts about placebo).

Strong immunity

In a healthy organism, after 2-3 days, the immune system produces enough protective antibodies against the virus, it does not need additional medicines. It is enough to comply with all the known rules - bed rest, plentiful hot drink, vitaminized foods and drinks, clean air in the patient's room, gargling, etc.

Rapid recovery with antiviral drugs

In various life situations, reducing the duration of the disease even for one day can be very important, for example - wedding day, urgent business trip, important business deal, exam, interview and etc. It is in such cases that the use of antiviral drugs, which reduce the duration of the illness by 2-3 days, may make sense.

There are no adequate studies

Absence of benign studies on the study of effectiveness and side effects (on a large group of people, different ages, during long time), most antiviral agents from Orvi and influenza suggest the caution of their use or even the rejection of them.

Do not spend money on pacifiers

Spending money, in some cases, considerable, on drugs with unproved efficacy, side effects, questionable safety, perhaps, is not advisable. Any medicine, even useless or empty, can damage the body.

Video transmission: How the placebo effect works

  • sec: 4 min. - about what means are usually prescribed by doctors
  • with 2: 0 - about the effect of placebo on the work of the immune system
  • with 3: 7 - about the high effect of placebo in children
  • with 3: 5 - about preparations-pustachki, appointed or nominated at ORVI
  • with 3: 0 - about homeopathy and antiviral drugs in ARVI
  • with 4: 7 - on how modern research is conducted

zdravotvet.ru

Information: Effective antiviral drugs against influenza

Antiviral drugs against influenza help the body to conquer the disease faster by increasing the synthesis of interferon. Experts advise taking antiviral medications for influenza, because this way you can kill the pathogen of the problem faster and save the person from possible complications.

Why you need to use antiviral drugs

If the human body is completely healthy, then to fight the flu or cold it can and without additional help. In the event that the human immunity is strong, the disease will proceed in a fairly easy form. Otherwise, it is necessary to use antiviral drugs, because a weak immune system can lead to serious complications after the flu.

With the help of an antiviral agent, the healing process can be accelerated and the duration of the disease reduced to 3 or 5 days. At the same time the risk of serious enough complications decreases several times. It is worth noting that drugs of this type will be effective only at an early stage of the disease. Take the money you need to start immediately after you notice the first signs of the flu, because later they will not bring any positive result.

Medications that are based on interferon

Interferons are special proteins that begin to produce every cell of the human body when a virus enters it. Thanks to this substance, it is possible to stop the development of pathogenic flora without problems, and then the person is not sick. Sometimes the body can not independently develop the right amount of this substance, so when influenza should take antiviral drugs, which are based on a sufficient number of interferon.

Most often, experts are appointed to treat influenza:

  1. Cycloferon.
  2. Kipferon.
  3. Viferon.

Cycloferon is one of the inducers of interferon, which has an antiviral and immunomodulating effect on the body of a sick person. This drug is often used not only against the flu, but also for the treatment of colds or ARVI. The medicine is given in tablets, and you can take them after 4 years. The essence of the work of cycloferon is very simple: it affects the induction of alpha and beta interferons, which makes the cells of the human body immune to the causative agent of the flu.

Kipferon also kills viruses and improves the functioning of the immune system. Thanks to the effect of this drug, you can quickly and easily eliminate the inflammatory processes that occur during the flu. Kipferon is sold only in the form of candles and it is often used to treat influenza, acute respiratory infections, colds, intestinal, adenoviral infections. Kipferon allows several times to increase the immune defense of the body, due to its effect on the induction of interferon. Accordingly, the development of viruses stops, and then they die.

Viferon - a drug is one of the complex antiviral drugs that treat the flu, colds, herpetic or hepatitis infections. You can buy Viferon in the form of candles, a gel or an ointment. The effect of the remedy is that it suppresses the influence of viruses and at the same time activates the human immune system. Use these drugs for influenza can not only adults, but children.

Antiviral drugs of direct effect

Drugs of this type act directly on the virus, which provokes the development of influenza. As a result, the viral envelope does not merge in the cells of the human body. At the same time, direct-acting drugs provoke additional production of interferon in the human body.

Most often for treatment use such drugs of direct effect:
  1. Ingavirin.
  2. Rimantadine.
  3. Arbidol.
  4. Tamiflu.

Ingavirin is a modern antiviral agent that contains vitaglutam in its composition.The medicine allows to cure the influenza A and B, kills adenoviral infections.At the same time, this medicine stimulates the functioning of the immune system and stops the development of inflammatory processes. As a rule, Ingavarin is prescribed in the presence of influenza, acute respiratory infections, parainfluenza. Do not take the drug before age 18, pregnant women, during lactation or if there is an increased sensitivity to individual components of the drug.

Rimantadine is used not only for treatment, but also for drug prevention. As a rule, they only treat influenza A group. Can not be used during pregnancy or to treat children under 7 years old. Contraindicated taking rimantadine in the event that there are any specific problems with the kidney or liver.

Tamiflu is a modern drug that appeared on the shelves of the pharmacy just recently. Used to treat influenza A and B. At the same time, tamiflu will not bring any effect if it is used to treat a cold, SARS. Due to the fact that the medicine has an incredibly high level of toxicity, it is not used as a preventive measure. Do not use the drug for a long time, because it can provoke problems in the work of the kidneys or cause a mental disorder.

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Immunostimulating agents for influenza

Such drugs are aimed at quickly and safely strengthen the immunity of a person who has the flu:

  1. Tyloron.
  2. Kagocel.
  3. Cytovir 3.

Tyloron is a synthetically derived interferon inducer. Tablets of the drug are very effective during treatment of influenza, colds, SARS, viral encephalomyelitis. Even considering the toxicity of Tyloron, it is still used as a preventive measure. At the same time, drugs can not be used to treat children under 7 years old, pregnant women, while breastfeeding.

Kagocel was invented relatively recently, and it very well stimulates additional production of interferon. A remedy effective for treating all strains of flu, cold or SARS. In order to obtain the desired result of treatment, it is necessary to take the drug as early as the first day after the disease manifested itself. Do not use Kagocel tablets to treat pregnant women or children who are under 3 years old.

Cytovir 3 has a complex effect on the human body, it is actively used for rapid production of interferon in cells. They are used to treat acute respiratory viral infections and influenza at the initial stage of the disease. At the same time, it is not possible to use as effective an agent as Cytovir 3, in the form of a syrup for treating children under 1 year, in the form of capsules - up to 6 years. Contraindicated drug pregnant women and during lactation.

Means against plant-based viruses

This plant increases the natural production of interferon, the activity of influenza viruses very quickly begins to be suppressed.

To date, experts have proven that some medicinal herbs can destroy viruses. On their basis, and were created drugs that are intended for the treatment of influenza, SARS, colds and while they are completely safe and do not harm the body of a sick person. At the same time, it is very important to monitor the condition of the body, so that in case of an allergic reaction, stop treatment with such medicines in time.

The most commonly used for the treatment of influenza are the following herbal antiviral agents:

  1. Altabor.
  2. Immunoflavid.
  3. Proteflazide.
  4. Flavozid.

The albator in its composition contains a large number of ancestral alder.

At the same time, Albator is able to kill many other bacteria. You can not use this medication during pregnancy or lactation. In addition, scientists have no information about the influence of Albator on the children's body.

The rest of the medicines have almost the same composition, and they are based on extracts of such herbs as pike and turkey grass. With the help of these drugs you can oppress the enzymes that produce viruses. Accordingly, the viruses stop multiplying and soon die.

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Flu is a serious disease that needs to be treated with antiviral agents. It is not necessary to engage in self-treatment and it will be better to contact a specialist, he will help to select the right medicine as accurately as possible, which would not harm your weakened organism.

respiratoria.ru

List of inexpensive drugs against influenza and colds

Almost every person, at least once a year, suffers from a cold. No matter how strong the human body, it can not be fully insured against viruses and infections, especially if there is an off-season or winter. Producers for disease control offer inexpensive medicine for colds and flu. You need to know which ones are not just cheap, but also effective.

Antiviral drugs are inexpensive but effective

All funds for influenza and cold are divided into three broad categories:

  1. Antiviral. These drugs fight the virus, make the body cells more resistant to its effects.
  2. Immunomodulators. Preparations to correct the body's defense reactions to the natural level.
  3. For symptomatic treatment. Drugs of this group do not suppress the infection, but simply remove the symptoms of a cold or flu.

Antiviral tablets

The most famous drugs of this category:

  1. Tamiflu, Oseltamivir. Adults and adolescents drink 1 tablet twice a day for five days. The medicine is not recommended for those who have diseased kidneys.
  2. «Amiksin». Adults drink on the first day of illness two tablets of 125 mg, and then - a piece every other day. The dosage of a child's drug is halved. The drug is not allowed for pregnant women.
  3. "Ribavirin." The drug is a new generation, very effective. Adults take r, r four times a day. Course - 5 days.

Immunomodulators

Inexpensive good cures for cold and flu of this category:

  1. "Cycloferon." The drug for adults and children, who are already four years old. The course is 20 days, take a pill every other day.
  2. «Kagotsel». This medicine can be combined with antibiotics. Adults drink two tablets three times the first two days, and then one each. "Kagotsel" can not be taken for the first three months of pregnancy.
  3. Anaferon. Homeopathic remedy. Adults drink one tablet 3-6 times a day.

For symptomatic treatment

List of drugs that can remove signs of illness:

  1. "Koldakt Flyu Plus." Capsules with paracetamol and excipients. Drink them one by one every 12 hours. During treatment it is necessary to refuse categorically from alcoholic beverages.
  2. "Coldrex". Helps with a cold with a wet cough. It is necessary to take one tablet 3-4 times a day. This drug can not be drunk if you have diabetes, liver or kidney failure.
  3. "Rince". Tablets take a piece 4 times a day. They can not be drunk with pregnant women, children under 15, people with heart disease, blood vessels. Course - 5 days.
  4. Fervex. The drug is released in the form of sachets of powder, which must be dissolved in warm water. Do not use "Fervex" for more than three days. A day can not drink more than 4 packages.

Cold remedies

In addition to pills, there are many other drugs that fight disease effectively. If you do not want to take antiviral medications for cold and flu, drink complex means of symptomatic action, then you can try another treatment tactic. The decision must be made based on the severity of the disease. There are many inexpensive drugs for cold and flu that will ease your condition.

From a sore throat

To remove inflammation and irritation you will benefit from such medications:

  1. "Grammidine." Quick-acting tablets for resorption with anesthetic. Take them two times four times a day, observing a weekly course.
  2. Strepsils. Relieve pain and have an antiseptic effect. Tablets must be dissolved one at a time every three hours. Children over five years of age are allowed to be treated with the drug. Completely remove the pain in the throat for three or four days.
  3. Faryngosept. A powerful medicine that is forbidden to children under six. Tablets are recommended to dissolve after eating and then for a while not to drink liquids. For a day - no more than five pieces. The course of treatment is three days.

Nasal drops

Runny nose will help you remove these drugs:

  1. "Sanorin". Have vasoconstrictive effect. Do not treat nasal congestion, and temporarily eliminate it. These drops can not be used for more than five days in a row. The composition of the reduced concentration of vasoconstrictor substances and eucalyptus oil.
  2. "Pinosol". Medicinal drops that have a curative effect. They struggle slowly with the causes of the common cold, but they do not eliminate the stuffiness.
  3. Aqua Maris. Means for moisturizing the nasal mucosa. It does not dry the blood vessels, it speeds up the healing process. Moisturizing drops are recommended to apply for any type of common cold.
  4. "Vibrocil". Antiviral drug. Drops remove not only the common cold, but also its cause. They have vasoconstrictive, antihistamine action, kill bacteria, and reduce swelling.

Antipyretic

Rapidly reduce the temperature of such medicines:

  1. "Paracetamol". A time-tested and inexpensive remedy that removes heat, relieves pain and inflammation. There are practically no side effects. Paracetamol is the main active ingredient of many other medicines: Panadol, Fervexa, Flukolda, Coldrex.
  2. Ibuprofen. This medicine is rather anti-inflammatory, but it also lowers the temperature well. Do not take those with an ulcer, kidney or liver disease. It is part of the "Nurofen "Ibuklina".
  3. "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid). Antipyretic and analgesic. Do not take pregnant women, children under 12, those who have low blood coagulability. It is the main component of a huge number of other antipyretic drugs.

From herpes

This unpleasant symptom of cold will help to overcome such ointments:

  1. Acyclovir. The most inexpensive means. It struggles with the virus, does not allow it to multiply. If you are pregnant or are breastfeeding, do not use the drug. If herpes you often appears, it is better to alternate "Acyclovir" with another antiseptic ointment or cream, so as not to cause addiction.
  2. Zovirax. The composition of the cream includes propylene glycol, thanks to which the active substance penetrates into the cells faster and more efficiently. It is well absorbed into the skin. "Zovirax" should be used clearly according to the instructions.
  3. Fenistil Pencivir. Very powerful medicine that eliminates herpes immediately. Does not allow the wound to become scarring. The drug can not be used by pregnant, lactating mothers, children under the age of 12.

From cough

Table of preparations:

From a dry cough

From a wet cough

  • "Lazolvan
  • Ambrohexal;
  • "Herbion
  • "Libexin
  • "Stoptussin."
  • "ACTS
  • "Broncholitin
  • "Acestad" (analogue of ATSTS);
  • "Pertussin
  • Mukaltin;
  • Doctor MOM.

Inexpensive drugs analogues

If even the cheapest antiviral drugs are too expensive for you, use Paracetamol, Aspirin, or Ibuprofen. For symptomatic treatment, use local remedies: nasal drops "Naphthyzine" or "Farmazolin tablets for the treatment of sore throat "Septifril medicine "From coughing". It will also be effective to rinse your throat with "Chlorophyllipt".

Drugs for the prevention of influenza and colds

To protect yourself from the disease, and not to cope with its manifestations, it is best to use drugs with immunomodulating action. The rules of preventive reception are described in the instructions of each of them. You can try capsules "Broncho-munal which is allowed to combine with almost all drugs. A good prophylactic action is possessed by such drugs as Ribomunil, Immunal, Rimantadine, Arbidol, Amizon.

Video: home Coldreks for colds

Reviews

Olya, 27 years old: At the first symptoms of the flu, I always take some symptomatic medicine, for example, "Rinzu" or "Coldrex". This does not allow the infection to "play out". Immunomodulators did not drink at all because of the high price. And I try to treat the child with folk remedies, but I knock down the temperature with Paracetamol. I trust more domestic products.

Lena, 35 years old: Now the pharmacy offers so many names of medicines for colds that it's hard not to get lost. I try to use antipyretic drugs, for example, "Aspirin" or "Paracetamol." If the runny nose begins, then I use "Pinosol". He helps well, though he does not break his nose. If you start a sore throat, I use "Chlorophyllipt".

Tanya, 24 years old: I always have ORVI with fever and cough. I drink Fervex in powders, and I also buy ACTS. Thanks to this treatment, my illness lasts for three or four days. Last winter, saw for the prevention of "Arbidol but still sick, so I do not recognize any medications for correcting the immunity. I'm cured when the cold has already begun.

sovets.net

Effective drugs for ARVI and influenza

At the time of worsening epidemiological situation, the question of how to effectively treat ARVI and influenza is very acute; drugs that modern pharmacological industry, help not only to eliminate the symptoms of viral diseases, but also to influence the mechanisms of their development, which makes them the main means of treatment virus infections.

Influenza is a part of the ARVI group, so this type of illness is similar in its symptoms. The difference is the duration of the incubation period, the course of the disease and the complications of advanced forms of the disease. The similarity of the symptoms makes it possible to apply an identical remedy for cold and flu for therapeutic therapy.

Features of viral infections

To select the effective treatment of viral respiratory diseases, the doctor focuses on such symptoms as:

  • fever, chills;
  • pain in the muscles;
  • headache;
  • general malaise, weakness;
  • high body temperature;
  • change in the condition of the lymph nodes;
  • inflammatory processes in the airways.

In some cases, there may be swelling of the larynx mucosa, coughing and lacrimation. Influenza begins suddenly and has more severe symptoms than SARS or ARI. With a typical manifestation of these types of viral infection and their course for more than 7 days, the doctor prescribes effective medications for cold and flu. Especially it concerns small children, if begun ORVI is complicated by additional symptoms from other organs. Of great importance in this case is antiviral therapy, which consists of three main areas:

  • influence on the cause of the disease and directly on the virus-causative agent with the help of etiotropic drugs;
  • influence on the mechanisms of the development of the disease;
  • elimination of painful symptoms.
The most effective remedies for colds and flu are etiotropic drugs that have an effect on viruses. In the treatment of colds and influenza, they are given special attention when the first symptoms appear, but by 5-7 The day when bacterial flora can join the disease, doctors recommend taking antibiotics. Etiotropic drugs are not used as preventive agents. If the disease has an easy form of leakage, antiviral drugs doctors do not recommend using, because the body itself is able to cope with the infection under normal immunity.

When new symptoms appear in the form of a cough, runny nose, fever, only the use of antiviral medicines helps. During this period, active propagation of the virus-agent occurs, therefore, as soon as the patient began to observe these symptoms of a cold, these medications must be taken immediately. After a few days, taking these medicines will be useless.

Classification of antiviral agents

Drugs from influenza and colds are divided into several groups:

  • interferons and their inducers;
  • antiviral antibiotics;
  • antiviral phytopreparations;
  • stimulants of immunity - immunomodulators.
Interferons are a protein group of substances that are produced by virus-infected cells.

Due to their effectiveness, the multiplication of viruses in cells ceases, which allows us to further protect the body from a virus attack.Interferon is a powder that is dissolved in boiled water.

It is taken immediately before contact with the infected person and before leaving for places with a large population of people. Use the drug as follows: dissolved powder is injected into each nasal canal for 5 drops for 2 times a day.

For today it is the best remedy for viral diseases. The earlier his reception is begun, the more effective he will show himself. When the infection begins, the dosage of the drug is changed. The drug is administered 5 drops every 2 hours (5 times a day).

Treatment continues for three days. You can treat the disease with Interferon, using it as a substance for inhalation: in 10 ml of warm water dilute 3 ampoules. The thermal procedure is carried out 2 times a day for 3 days.

To this group of drugs is another means for influenza and viral infections - Grippferon, which is a combined preparation of preventive and curative action. The drug is instilled in the nasal passages every 4 hours for 3 drops. If the patient is sensitive to the components of the drug, its use is discontinued. It is contraindicated for pregnant women, especially in the early stages.

ARI and influenza are treated with Viferon. Recently, doctors recommend it for treatment of young children as the best tool to help stimulate the formation of interferons in the body. They have a depressing effect on different groups of viruses such drugs from influenza and ARVI, as Amiksin, Lavomax, where the active substance is Tyloron.

Arpeflus, Arbidol, Immustat - a group of drugs that help increase the body's resistance to viral infections. The main substance in them is Umifenovir.

Other antiviral agents

Treatment for colds and influenza is also carried out with the help of other drugs that inhibit the process of reproduction of the virus by affecting its shell. These medications include Remavir, Rimantadine.

For children this type of medicine is prescribed for treatment and prevention. Packaged powders are diluted in water and given in the scheme. As a preventive tool, it is recommended to drink the medicine for two weeks with 1 diluted bag (the dosage varies according to the age of the child).

All these groups of drugs have side effects and contraindications. To avoid severe consequences, it is necessary to carry out a sensitivity test and strictly observe the dosages for the treatment prescribed by the doctor. The most common side effects are nausea, dizziness, stools, hypertension, allergies. Especially cautiously should take these drugs to people with kidney disease.

Other types of drugs that act solely on the influenza virus are neuraminidase inhibitors. These include Zanamivir, Relenza. These drugs are used only as inhalants as a curative and preventive agent. Preparations in which the active substance is Zanamivir, have a high degree of toxicity, which demonstrates a large number of side effects. Very carefully it should be taken to people with kidney diseases and prone to allergic reactions.

Preparations of the natural group

Inhibiting the activity of influenza virus neuraminidase and helping the body to produce its own interferon are antiviral drugs of plant origin.

Effective among them are Proteflazide, Flavozid, Altabor, Immunoflazid, in which the extract is an active alder. This type of medicines has not only antiviral, but also antibacterial action. For medicinal and prophylactic purposes, the medicine is taken three times a day, dissolving two tablets. The course of treatment is 7 days.

If a patient has increased sensitivity to this group of drugs, the doctor appoints others. Against the background of long-term use of drugs in this group, there may be an allergic reaction. When pregnancy and breast-feeding, they are also not recommended.

To reduce and stop the multiplication of viruses, the administration of Proteflazide, Flavozide, Immunoflazide, which are made on the basis of medicinal herbs of pike and turtle, terrestrial.

This group of medicines is also characteristic of its immunomodulating feature. Doctors appoint them as a curative and preventive agent. Immunoflazid - syrup, which is used for two weeks twice a day for 9 ml. With a preventive purpose, it is consumed within a month.

The drug Flavozid is taken according to the scheme: 5 ml twice a day from the first to the third day of the disease, starting with the fourth - 8 ml. Preparations made on the basis of phytocomponents almost never show side effects. Their reception is contraindicated only to pregnant women in the first trimester, as well as during lactation.

Complex homeopathic antiviral drugs that suppress the active action of viruses are Engystol, Sagrippin, Amizon, which have antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, interferonogenic properties.

Treatment of children

In acute respiratory viral diseases, pediatricians recommend the use of homeopathic medicines - candles, powders, syrups. These types of drugs actively suppress viral attacks and increase the protective properties of the child's body. These include Viburkol and Aflubin, Gripp-Heel, EDAS-903 and others. Significant effectiveness of these drugs with simple forms of viral diseases.

Some pediatricians are inclined to believe that not all phyto-drugs have an effective antiviral effect, so they advise not to experiment with the health of the child. If the drug does not begin to show therapeutic effect within 24 hours, it should be replaced with a drug of another group.

Treatment of influenza and colds in children is carried out with drugs such as Arbidol, Rimantadine, Ribavirin, Tamiflu. In some cases, it is recommended to take Acyclovir, which acts on many types of viruses. Rimantadine, as a rule, is used only to neutralize the influenza virus, it does not have the proper effect on other types of viruses.

This drug is considered the most in demand during the flu epidemic as a preventive. It is shown in the treatment of children and Ribavirin, which in its spectrum of action is very similar to Rimantadine. In addition, it has a depressing effect on the virus that causes pneumonia in infants. If there is a decrease in the effectiveness of rimantadine, it is advised to replace it with Ribavirin.

The spread of the virus in the child's body delays Arbidol. Despite its popularity in ARVI, it can only have a curative effect on influenza viruses. Of all antiviral drugs for children, Tamiflu is recognized as the most effective.

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Its activity is observed not only in the early stages of the disease, but also in the period of exacerbation. Its effect is several times stronger than other drugs. Tamiflu has side effects, so it is prescribed only to children who are 12 years old.

Assign drugs and interferon group with a child's dosage - suppositories Viferon, drops Grippferon, suppositories Kipferon. The drug of the new domestic pharmacy Derinat, despite its recent existence on the pharmacological market, has won many positive reviews.

It is available in the form of drops. This helps start an active fight against the viruses through the nasopharynx, preventing them from penetrating further into the body. The drug helps to strengthen the effect of drugs that treat a child in conjunction with Derinatom. It is allowed to use this medicine for infants from the first days of life.

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Sometimes children are prescribed immunostimulating agents - Riboxin, IRS 19, Imudon, Bronhomunal, Metiluracil. There are separate types of these medicines, prescribed by the pediatrician as a prophylactic, and those that are can appoint only immunology doctors after a special diagnosis of the immune characteristics of the body child. It must be remembered that immunostimulants do not have a therapeutic effect during the active development of the disease. They are used before the infection begins to multiply in the body.

respiratoria.ru

Antiviral medicines for influenza: do they need?

Influenza refers to diseases caused by a virus. Therefore, it is logical to assume that people are fighting the flu with the help of antiviral drugs. If the flu is not treated, it can cause a variety of diseases, ranging from the symptoms of mild cold, typical for influenza, to life-threatening pneumonia, bacterial infections and other serious complications.

Antiviral drugs against influenza

There are a number of antiviral drugs approved by medical experts for the treatment and prevention of influenza. Vaccination is the main means of prevention and control of influenza.

  • Vaccine against seasonal flu
  • Other influenza vaccines

Vaccination is desirable to be carried out every year for children up to six months and adults up to 59 years to reduce the risk of the incidence of influenza. The vaccine makes the body's immune system more powerful and helps it fight the flu by destroying its viruses. The vaccine against influenza begins to work two weeks after the injection and its effect lasts for up to a year.

Use of antiviral drugs to treat influenza

Influenza outbreaks occur every year and usually reach epidemic levels during the disease season (it starts around October). As a rule, uncomplicated influenza can pass without treatment, but it can cause significant discomfort and restriction of human activity. Complications of influenza may include bacterial infections, viral pneumonia, cardiac and other disorders of organs and systems. People with chronic diseases may be at increased risk of complications after the flu.

Many other diseases, including rapidly progressing blood infection, can begin with symptoms resembling flu. Laboratory tests can help to find out what it is: flu or not. However, a negative result does not exclude the possibility of entry into the body of an influenza infection, as well as the possibility of other diseases.

Many people with uncomplicated influenza can simply sleep more and drink plenty of fluids to reduce flu symptoms. Sometimes they take over-the-counter drugs. But antiviral medications prescription by a doctor can shorten the time of improvement of symptoms, they also are used in some situations to reduce the likelihood of disease in people who have undergone influenza.

Different types of treatment for influenza

To treat complications of influenza and other diseases that resemble influenza, different types of treatment may be required, and in some cases urgent medical care. It is worth knowing that antiviral drugs do not eliminate the risk of complications, so they can be supplemented with other drugs.

Some complications of influenza can be life threatening. The fact is that influenza viruses can become resistant to specific antiviral drugs against influenza, and all of them can give side effects. If you experience any new symptoms during treatment, or if your symptoms persist or worsen during treatment, you should immediately consult your doctor.

Depending on the strain of the influenza virus, antiviral drugs can be very effective or, conversely, useless. Therefore, do not treat them yourself, but contact a doctor. And by the way: antiviral drugs against influenza are not a substitute for a vaccine. They are used in addition to the vaccine to fight the flu.

Best Antivirus Tools

Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate) and Relenza (zanamivir) are two effective antiviral drugs recommended for use against newly circulating influenza viruses.

The old drugs amantadine and rimantadine are approved by the medical community for the treatment and prevention of influenza A. But many strains of influenza, including the 2009 H1N1 flu, are now resistant to these two drugs. Medical experts recommend the use of these two drugs only when specific strains of the virus can be susceptible to these drugs.

Dosage of antiviral drugs

Be sure to keep in mind that the dose and the regimen for each drug are different. They depend on the age, weight and health status of an adult or child. In addition, the total daily dose and duration of admission in the treatment of acute diseases may differ from dosing and duration of admission for the prevention of influenza and should be appropriately adjusted doctor.

On the package of the drug there is always information about the side effects and the manufacturer of each drug. The doctor's decision to use these drugs should be based on an individual risk assessment. Treatment with antiviral drugs should be done only under the supervision of the therapist to avoid possible uncontrolled deviations.

Antiviral drugs against influenza can help prevent the disease or reduce the severity of its symptoms, or accelerate the duration of treatment. But we must remember that for a good effect of these drugs, self-medication is unacceptable.

ilive.com.ua

Names of antibiotics for colds and flu

In the treatment of respiratory diseases, direct-acting drugs are used that affect the cause of the disease. They depress the pathogens. Such therapy is called etiologic. In the fight against the flu and cold the main thing is right - to choose the right medication. Some people, trying to get better sooner, begin to drink strong antibiotics from a cold at the first symptoms of ARVI. Is it correct?

When it is necessary to drink antibiotics for colds and flu

In most cases, respiratory diseases are caused by viruses to which antibacterial drugs do not work. Therefore, their reception from the first day of the disease is not justified. Therapy of respiratory diseases with antibiotics is justified, if on the 5th-6th day of the course of the flu or cold, the person's state of health is consistently poor. As a rule, these are symptoms of bacterial infection, which provokes the development of purulent sore throat, acute bronchitis, pneumonia.

Signs of complications of the flu and colds:

  • after the onset of acute respiratory viral infection, the body temperature rises sharply after 5-6 days;
  • general health worsens, fever, coughing, shortness of breath;
  • pain in the throat, chest area, ears;
  • enlarged lymph nodes.

When treating colds and flu with antibiotics, do not interrupt treatment while improving well-being. People who commit such a mistake then suffer twice as much. In this case, the improvement of a person's condition does not mean that the disease has passed. The batch of bacteria under the influence of antibiotics died, but another part of them adapts to the drug and begins to attack the weakened organism with new strength. This leads to a new round of disease with subsequent complications.

What antibiotics are better for taking cold?

For the treatment of respiratory diseases, bactericidal preparations are used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms. Antibiotics in the fight against colds and influenza are given the role of heavy artillery when there is a risk of acute complications. For treatment of respiratory diseases, three main groups of antibacterial drugs are used:

  1. penicillinic - ampiox, augmentin, amoxaplav;
  2. cephalosporins - cefotaxime, cefpyr, cefazolin;
  3. macrolides - roxithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin.

List of effective antibiotics for adults

For colds of bacterial origin, doctors prescribe antibiotics in extreme cases. Prolonged cough, prolonged angina, severe fever, stably high body temperature - these are alarming signs of the development of an acute disease. In this case, traditional antiviral drugs, immunostimulants, vitamins and medicinal herbs are powerless. For effective therapy, you need to know which antibiotic is better for a cold to an adult:

  • amoxicillin;
  • arlet;
  • fleumoclave;
  • rovamycin;
  • azithromycin;
  • hemomycin;
  • suprax;
  • cefepime;
  • erythromycin;
  • levofloxacin.

Names of good drugs for children

To treat bacterial diseases at an early age, antibiotics are used in extreme cases. With pneumonia, acute otitis, purulent angina, resulting from a respiratory illness, it is justified to take such drugs. The form of antibiotics is prescribed depending on the age of the child. Breastfeeding - drugs in pricks, older children - in pills. Babies do not always make injections, it is allowed to open the ampoule and give the child a medicine in the proper dosage. Baby antibiotics for colds:

  • ampicillin;
  • flemoxin solute;
  • moximac;
  • avelox;
  • augmentin;
  • zinnat;
  • Macropen;
  • gt;
  • esparoxy;
  • alpha normix.

Often parents mistakenly believe that antibiotic therapy is necessary for the successful treatment of influenza and colds in children. This is a misconception about the effect of antibiotics on the baby's body. In viral infections in children, the prescription of these drugs is unreasonable even at high temperatures, which persists for a long time.

Treatment with antibiotics of children leads to dysbiosis, weakening of the immune system, anemia. To conduct antibacterial therapy for babies is advisable exclusively in critical situations. For example, when there is aerobic streptococcal angina, acute otitis media, pneumonia, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The use of antibiotics to treat children with colds and flu without complications is justified when:

  • expressed signs of reduced resistance to the body - a constant subfertile body temperature, frequent cold and viral diseases, HIV, oncology, congenital disorders of immunity;
  • rachitis, malformations of general development, lack of weight;
  • the presence in the history of the child of chronic recurrent otitis media.

Gentle medications for treating colds in pregnant women

When treating complications of respiratory disease in a woman in a position or nursing mother, take into account the effects of the antibiotic on the development of the fetus. For treatment select sparing antibacterial drugs. To find the right medicine, the doctor identifies the causative agent of the disease, its resistance to various drugs. If it is impossible to conduct such a study, prescribe sparing antibiotics for pregnant women:

  • ampicillin;
  • oxacillin;
  • cefazolin;
  • erythromycin;
  • azithromycin;
  • bioparox;
  • minocycline;
  • oxam;
  • ericcicline;
  • ristomycin.

To treat influenza and colds in pregnant and lactating mothers, in order to avoid the occurrence of dysbiosis, it is advisable to take drugs in the form of injections. To avoid allergic reactions, the use of antibiotic therapy is combined with antihistamines. From the diet of pregnant and lactating women, chocolate, citrus and coffee are excluded.

List of broad-spectrum antibiotics

In bacterial therapy for the treatment of complications of influenza and cold prescribe drugs aimed at inhibiting groups of pathogens. Such drugs are called broad-spectrum antibiotics. They help to cure the complications of influenza and acute respiratory disease. Cheap tablets are effective, as are expensive ones. These types of drugs are dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription. Before taking the drug, read the instructions and read reviews about antibiotics. A good drug has a small number of side effects. Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action:

  • amosin;
  • beccampicillin;
  • ospamox;
  • eco-ball;
  • zinforo;
  • kefelim;
  • flamixi;
  • cefodox;
  • klatsid;
  • oleterin.

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