- Causes of the appearance of unpleasant symptoms
- Surgical diseases
- Infectious lesions of the digestive tract
- Diagnostic measures for abdominal pain
- Related videos
Soreness in the abdominal cavity can occur for many reasons. But with some diseases there is a triad of symptoms: temperature, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
Many people cope with the pathology on their own, but there are times when medical care is simply necessary, during which the disease is correctly diagnosed and treatment is prescribed. After all, if you perform the wrong therapy, you can do much harm to your body.
Causes of the appearance of unpleasant symptoms
When the stomach hurts, diarrhea and body temperature is increased, it is possible to suspect some diseases with similar signs:
- surgical diseases( appendicitis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer and others);
- infectious lesions of the digestive tract( food poisoning, colitis and e
- noninfectious diseases( abdominal form of myocardial infarction).
The main pathologies that require surgical intervention and their symptoms are discussed below.
Inflammation of the appendix of the cecum. The reasons for the onset of the inflammatory process are many: a blockage in the lumen of the appendix( stones, helminths, tumors, etc.), a violation of the microcirculation of the blood in the organ.
Also improper nutrition( eating food, which slows the intestinal peristalsis, as a result of which stool stagnates in the intestine), allergies, propensity to constipation. The symptomatology of appendicitis is the same in 95% of cases: pain in the lower abdomen, mainly on the right, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. The temperature can reach up to 38 degrees or not rise at all.
Inflammatory disease of the pancreas. There are many causes of inflammation of the gland of internal secretion: alcohol, fatty, smoked, fried food, stomach and duodenal ulcer, gallstone disease.
Postponed infectious pathologies, taking certain medications( antibiotics, glucocorticosteroids), stomach injuries and allergies can also trigger the onset of the inflammatory process.
The clinical picture is expressed:
- severe shingles;
- nausea and vomiting, not bringing relief;
- slight increase in body temperature in adults and above 38 degrees in children.
Diarrhea can be replaced by constipation, there is a strong weakness, increased fatigue, bloating. Treatment of pancreatitis is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor in a hospital. An important condition on the way to recovery is diet, taking anti-inflammatory and antispasmodics.
Inflammation of the gallbladder. The appearance of cholecystitis is triggered by the following factors: the presence of stones in the bile ducts, helminthic invasion, infectious agents( staphylococcus, E. coli and others), a decrease in the acidity of gastric juice, biliary dyskinesia, malnutrition( eating dry, eating with a long break in time)obesity, propensity to support, violation of the circulation of the gallbladder, abdominal trauma.
Cholecystitis begins to manifest after a certain shock and has certain symptoms: acute pain in the upper abdomen, more often on the right, nausea and vomiting, bitterness in the mouth, fever, in case of complications, yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes and scleraeye. To treat cholecystitis is necessary in a hospital.
Stomach ulcer and duodenum
A group of diseases characterized by damage to the mucous membranes of the digestive system with the formation of erosion. The main cause of the disease is the active reproduction of Helicobacter pylori.
Provoking factors for this are quite a lot: increased acidity in the stomach and intestines, constant stress, decreased immunity, improper nutrition, bad habits. First, the gastric mucosa and the 12 duodenal ulcer swell and become inflamed, if you do not spend time on any treatment, sores appear.
The clinical picture is very similar to gastritis: patients complain of stomach pain, heartburn, acidic eructations, nausea. The body temperature rises no more than 37.5 degrees. But there are cases when peptic ulcer is leaking without temperature. Over time, there are problems with appetite, patients lose weight and feel fear of eating.
It is often possible to observe constipation, persisting from several days to 4-6 days. Treatment can be carried out both out-patient and in-patient, depending on the severity of the disease. If no treatment is given, vomiting with an admixture of blood may occur, which indicates gastric bleeding.
Infectious diseases of the digestive tract
Food poisoning is a combination of symptoms of a digestive tract disorder( nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, high body temperature) that can be combined with other unpleasant symptoms. Most often, the disease can be diagnosed in a child, since the immune system is not fully formed.
The causes of the disease are associated with the use of poor quality food and water, poisonous plants, inedible fungi, chemicals( heavy metal salts, dyes, toxins, etc.).Food poisoning, depending on the degree of severity, can start in different ways: from a temperature rise to 37 degrees and ending at 40.
There is malaise, general weakness, stool disorder in the form of frequent acts of defecation, severe abdominal cramping, nausea andthe urge to vomit, lower blood pressure and cold sticky sweat.
In severe cases, symptoms may appear that are not associated with the digestive tract: decreased vision and hearing, headache and muscle pain, seizures, and others. Treatment requires emergency hospitalization. In such cases it is necessary to do dehydration therapy.
Inflammatory disease characterized by involvement of the mucosa of the small or large intestine. The disease can be both infectious and non-infectious. Most often the disease is combined with acute gastritis, allergy. The reasons for which the inflammatory process occurs are many.
Most often occurs as a result of a mucous infection of any infection, helminths, poisons, corrosive chemicals. But there are other factors contributing to the development of the disease: malnutrition, prolonged and frequent constipation, primary diseases, which resulted in the appearance of colitis.
Symptoms of intestinal mucosa damage begin with abdominal pain in the navel area, upset of the stool( diarrhea is replaced by constipation), increased gas formation and bloating, weight loss. There may be an admixture of mucus and blood in the stool, which indicates a severe inflammation and a malfunctioning of the mucous membrane.
An infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella. Another name for the pathology is bacterial dysentery. Based on the observations of specialists, it was concluded that people living in large cities are more likely to be ill. This is due to the fact that in the city the population density is much higher.
People with a low standard of living who do not have access to clean water and the ability to eat quality foods are also more vulnerable to infection. Shigella enters the body by food, water or by contact-household way.
Bacterial dysentery begins acutely: nausea and vomiting, cramping pains in the abdomen, which constantly causes desecration, tenesmus after bowel movement, watery diarrhea with veins of mucus or blood, the number of acts of defecation reaches 10 or more times in 24 hours, at whichthe amount of feces is compared with spitting.
Because of this condition, patients have general weakness, malaise, dry skin and mucous membranes resulting from dehydration. The body temperature is high and can reach 39 degrees, there is a strong headache and chills. Treatment of the disease is carried out by antibacterial drugs under the supervision of a doctor.
Acute intestinal disease caused by bacteria of the genus Salmonella. The source of infection can be carriers or sick people, infected animals( poultry, cattle, cats, dogs, etc.), dirty water, contaminated food. It should be noted that freezing does not affect the virulence of bacteria.
Salmonellosis can begin to appear after several hours from the moment of getting into the body of bacteria. Of all forms, the most common gastroenteric form of the disease. It manifests itself:
- in the form of a sharp rise in temperature and signs of intoxication( headache, malaise, general weakness, body aches);
- has a paroxysmal pain in the abdomen;
- diarrhea with frothy and smelly feces of green.
Nausea and vomiting can occur more than 5-7 times a day, depending on the severity of the disease. Treatment of salmonellosis is possible only on condition of hospitalization.
Diagnostic measures for abdominal pain
In case of abdominal pain, temperature and diarrhea, treatment and diagnosis should be performed simultaneously. The cause of the onset of soreness is established on the basis of an anamnesis, a specialist examination and the conclusion of a laboratory and other diagnostic measures.
When collecting information, special attention is paid to the following issues: when there was pain, acute or chronic, whether suddenly or gradually, the duration of soreness, the location of the localization, the nature and the place of the pain's irradiation, which brings relief and accompanying symptoms.
Do not neglect physical research. The most common procedures are palpation of different areas of the abdomen with the definition of peristalsis of the intestine, the degree of tension of the abdominal wall. The determination of the pulse and blood pressure is performed in each patient regardless of the state of health.
One of the main diagnostic measures is laboratory diagnostics( clinical blood test, pancreatic enzymes, biochemistry, general urine analysis, coprogram).Elevated levels of leukocytes in the blood will indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in the body.
X-ray of the abdominal organs together with ultrasound help to identify the location of the pathological process, determine its size and structure
The level of amylase and lipase indicates the malfunction of the pancreas. In the case of diarrhea, the white blood cell count indicates inflammation of the intestine.
Everyone knows that it is much easier to prevent a disease than to treat it later. That is why the rules were developed, compliance with which will significantly reduce the risk of the appearance of pathology of the digestive tract:
- Proper nutrition should be in priority( refusal of fried, smoked, hot and fast foods);
- Active way of life;
- Refusal from bad habits( alcohol abuse and smoking);
- Compliance with personal hygiene;
- Avoid close contact with sick people. If it is not possible to do so, then it is recommended that paragraph 4 be followed;
- Closely monitor the expiration date and the quality of the products used;
- Ventilate the room and do wet cleaning with cleaning and detergent;
- Check the health at least once a year from a specialist.
If the disease does occur, it is necessary to comply with all the prescriptions of your doctor. This will allow you to make an amendment as soon as possible and return to a full life sooner.