Tonsillitis symptoms and treatment

How to treat chronic tonsillitis. Treatment with folk remedies

Palatine tonsils are considered to be the only serious obstacle in the path of pathogenic microorganisms that spread by airborne droplets. Getting on their mucous membranes and lacunae, which are a kind of gate through which stands out A special secret that opposes infections, microbes provoke a reaction aimed at fighting them. In some cases, palatine tonsils can not resist the attack of the infection and inflame themselves. This phenomenon is known in medicine as angina.

how to treat chronic tonsillitis

Untreated inflammatory diseases of the throat and palatine tonsils can lead to such a phenomenon as chronic tonsillitis (the photo in the article is provided). This ailment appears in most cases even in childhood. What is this disease, what are the causes of its occurrence and symptoms, and how does chronic tonsillitis work? All this is worth discussing in detail.

Why does tonsillitis occur?

The appearance of tonsillitis contributes to several causes, including numerous acute exacerbations of the disease or frequent tonsillitis. It is interesting that chronic tonsillitis in a child in 90% of cases arises precisely for these two reasons, while in adult patients the list of provoking factors is much wider. These include:

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  1. The high level of air pollution that a person breathes.
  2. High content of pollutants in drinking water.
  3. Reduced level of natural defense of the body - immunity.
  4. Systemic hypothermia of the body.
  5. Stress.
  6. Chronic diseases of the respiratory and digestive organs: caries, sinusitis.
  7. An improperly formulated diet with a predominance of products containing carbohydrates and proteins.
  8. Systematic overwork.
  9. The presence of bad habits: smoking and drinking alcohol.
  10. Hereditary predisposition.

Forms of the disease

With regard to such a disease as chronic tonsillitis, the opinions of specialists testify to the presence of several of its forms. Firstly, it is a recurrent form, which is characterized by the frequent occurrence of inflammations of the mucous pharynx, that is, angina. Secondly, it is a protracted form, in which the inflammation of the palatine tonsils proceeds sluggishly for a long period of time (up to 3 weeks). And, finally, the third form of the disease, in which exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis and sore throats do not appear for a long time. Each form of the disease requires a special approach to the treatment and prevention of exacerbations. It is this knowledge that helps to understand how chronic tonsillitis is treated in each particular case and why this or that method is chosen.

chronic tonsillitis reviews

Signs of the disease in adults and children

Chronic tonsillitis in adults and children manifests itself by various symptoms, which do not always directly indicate the presence of this particular disease. Let's consider the main ones. With an ailment known as chronic tonsillitis, in adults symptoms often resemble normal fatigue and are reduced to a constant headache, weakness and a significant decrease in efficiency. This symptomatic picture is caused by intoxication of the body with the products of the vital activity of bacteria living on the surface of the palatine tonsils and inside them. The same manifests itself and chronic tonsillitis in the child. In this case, parents may notice that he is less able to absorb materials in school or kindergarten, become irritable and whiny.

The second most noticeable sign of having a chronic form of tonsillitis is the feeling of a foreign object in the throat. This phenomenon means that the lacunae of the palatine tonsils are blocked by large plugs consisting of caseous masses, which can also contain a small amount of food residues. As a rule, the appearance of such plugs is accompanied by an unpleasant odor from the mouth even in the absence of patients with carious teeth and with absolutely healthy gums.

Breeding in the palatine tonsils of staphylococci and streptococci can cause the appearance of unpleasant symptoms from the side all organs of the human body, as they penetrate from the affected tonsils into virtually any part of the body. Here are just a few of the symptoms that can disturb adults and children in the presence of chronic tonsillitis:

  • feeling of aches in joints and bones;
  • disorders in the work of the kidneys, pain in their area;
  • disorders in the work of the heart, weak heart colic;
  • rashes on the skin that are not amenable to treatment;
  • a systematic increase in body temperature to subfebrile values.

It is worth noting that chronic tonsillitis in adults and children manifests itself in many organs, but this does not mean absence of their pathology, since the microorganisms penetrated into them, unfortunately, cause an inflammatory process.

What is the danger of chronic tonsillitis if it is not treated?

The chronic form of tonsillitis is dangerous, first of all, by the fact that it quickly becomes the cause of various complications affecting many body systems. Produced by the pathogenic microflora inhaling in the tonsils, toxins affect cartilage and ligaments most often, because of which a sick person can constantly suffer from pain in the joints and muscles.

However, the most terrible is the relationship of tonsillitis with heart disease. This is due to the fact that the specific protein material synthesized by streptococcus in the tonsils is similar to the protein from which the connective tissues of the heart are composed. As a result of this similarity, immune cells begin to attack not only foreign cells, but also the heart itself, thus causing myocarditis or bacterial endocarditis.

The same causes are the basis for the emergence and development of diseases such as glomerulonephritis and rheumatoid arthritis. As you can see from the above information, you should not joke with such a disease as chronic tonsillitis. Symptoms and treatment of this disease require the most attentive attitude, otherwise its effect on the body can have serious consequences, especially in childhood.

Methods of treatment of chronic tonsillitis

Let's consider some basic moments, how to treat chronic tonsillitis at the present time. It is worth reminding the readers that the methods of treating oral and pharyngeal diseases have changed somewhat due to the entry of high technologies into medicine. So, first of all, all ways to get rid of the chronic form of tonsillitis relate to conservative or surgical methods.

chronic tonsillitis pictures

If 25-30 years ago at the time of diagnosis specialists tried to immediately resort to the removal of palatine tonsils, then today ENT doctors try to use the maximum of ways to get rid of the disease with the help of medical technologies and medicines. It is caused by the fact that when the tonsils are removed the human body remains practically defenseless before infections transmitted by airborne droplets. In what features of these methods, we learn right now.

Conservative treatment of tonsillitis

Chronic tonsillitis (photo above) in the clinics begin to treat according to the following plan.

  1. Purification of lacunas of palatine tonsils clogged with pathological secret by means of a syringe or special device "Tonzilor". The first method is less effective and more traumatic than the second, so recently it is used only in medical equipment not equipped with medical devices.
  2. Effects on the tissues of the tonsils and the posterior wall of the palate by ultrasound, laser, vibroacoustic apparatus, medicinal solutions. This group of measures is aimed at eliminating the swelling of the tissues of the throat and palatine tonsils, reducing the number of bacterial microflora in them and improving natural trophism.
  3. Medicamental therapy, the reception of antibiotics and immunomodulators of synthetic or plant origin.
  4. The appointment of a diet aimed at preventing irritation of the tonsils and increased immunity.
chronic tonsillitis in a child

Surgical removal of palatine tonsils

Treatment of chronic tonsillitis in adults and children is surgically divided into tonsillectomies and tonsillotomy. As a rule, during these procedures, palatal tonsils are removed from both sides, and very rarely with only one. What are these surgical operations? Tonsilectomy is a complete removal of tonsil tissue, and tonsillotomy is a partial surgical excision of the tonsils. All without exception, operations to remove palatine tonsils are performed under local or general anesthesia.

Along with these two operations, some medical institutions practice the so-called abscessesillesectomy, which is a surgical removal of the tonsils against the background of a fully developed paratonsillar abscess. The main disadvantage of this procedure is a high level of soreness during the procedure, since suppuration of the removed tissue becomes an obstacle for sufficient assimilation of anesthetics.

chronic tonsillitis treatment with folk remedies

Chronic tonsillitis: treatment with folk remedies

Another fairly common method, which is even more popular than conservative and surgical treatment tonsillitis, is considered folk medicine, which absorbed the experience of the hundreds of generations that faced this ailment. There are hundreds of recipes that help to alleviate the course of the disease and even completely eliminate chronic tonsillitis. Traditional treatment is divided into an external effect on inflamed palatine tonsils and normalization of the internal atmosphere of the body, which helps it to cope with the infection itself.

To external means include pastes for tonsils, infusions or broths for gargling, poultices and compresses on the neck area of ​​herbs and other products. The means for internal use include tea, decoctions, tinctures and infusions, extracts, inhalations and much more.

External means for the treatment of chronic tonsillitis

In order to get rid of sore throat and inflammation of the tonsils with a disease such as chronic tonsillitis, treatment with folk remedies offers several fairly simple recipes. Consider the most popular of them.

  1. A poultice of dried flowers of violets fried in a small amount of purified vegetable oil. In a warm form, put on the neck in front and leave for the whole night. This method is applicable at any age, but it is not recommended for pregnant women.
  2. Propolis - one of the folk remedies, the effectiveness of which is recognized as official medicine. It can be used in childhood, during pregnancy and lactation. The easiest way: to keep for an hour a piece (1-2 g) of purified propolis in the mouth. In addition, you can use and infusion of propolis on medical alcohol (20 g per 100 ml of alcohol). Dissolve 10 drops of tincture in half a cup of boiled chilled water and rinse this composition with a throat 5-6 times a day.
  3. Paste for application to the tonsils. These preparations usually include parts of plants that have a softening and antimicrobial effect. For example, one recipe for folk medicine suggests using flax seed, mustard (not mustard powder!), Garden and parsley radish as a component of pasta, as well as a small root of horseradish. Chopping all the components to a dense mass, it can be slightly diluted with boiled water to make it easier to lubricate the tonsils.
  4. Inhalations using essential oils of tea tree, eucalyptus and chamomile are carried out or customary in all ways using a pot of hot water, or with the help of a nebulizer. This method helps to eliminate inflammation and helps to reduce cough. It is worth recalling that the greatest effectiveness from the treatment of chronic tonsillitis by inhalations occurs, if they are carried out in the period of remission, that is, in the absence of a pronounced inflammation in the tonsils.
treatment of chronic tonsillitis in adults

Despite the fact that traditional medicine is considered by many to be absolutely safe and harmless, do not forget that when applying certain recipes, serious complications can arise. To such "dangerous" methods of treatment, experts refer to the use of kerosene and other petroleum products for the removal of inflammation of the tonsils of the tonsils. Remember that such specific and not always justified means can lead to the most severe poisonings and burns of the digestive tract.

Drinks for the treatment of chronic tonsillitis

You ask: "How is chronic tonsillitis treated with tea?" It's simple! First, healthful drinks include a lot of very useful not only for the throat, but also for the body as a whole herbs. Secondly, medicinal drinks are much tastier and more pleasant to use than pastes, which have to be applied to tonsils, or frequent rinses. And thirdly, it's just delicious!

chronic tonsillitis symptoms and treatment

The most effective for chronic tonsillitis are beverages that contain beekeeping products: honey and propolis, as well as citrus, ginger, garlic and onions. Such components of teas and infusions help to fight not only with inflammation of the palatine tonsils, but also directly with the infection in them. Here are just some recipes of medicinal drinks, the use of which, according to folk healers, helps get rid of chronic tonsillitis.

  1. In , liters of warm boiled water add juice from two fruits of lime and two lemons, 10 tbsp. l. natural honey bees, stir well. Drink a drink during the day. This remedy can be used to treat patients from a very early age and during pregnancy, provided there is no allergy to the components of the beverage.
  2. In a glass of hot milk, add a pinch of turmeric and white ground pepper, stir and drink a drink before bed. It is necessary to consume this remedy within 3-4 days.
  3. To make ginger tea, you need a piece of ginger root the size of a thumb, a pair of medium-sized lemons, one large clove of garlic and honey to taste. The root is ground on a grater, the lemon and garlic are also ground and placed in a bowl, pour 0.5 liters of clean water. The mixture is brought to a boil and heated for half an hour, without giving much bubbling. After percolation, honey can be added to the drink. This tea can be used to treat chronic tonsillitis in pregnant women and children.
  4. During pregnancy, traditional medicine advises the use of tea as a cure for chronic tonsillitis, which consists of: 30 grams of dried leaves of plantain and wild mallow and the same root of althea. For 1 cup of boiling water, 1 tbsp. l. of the prepared medicinal mixture. To insist a drink it is necessary in a thermos for an hour, and take 1/2 cup twice a day before meals.

Treatment of chronic tonsillitis by people's methods is always more prolonged than with medications from the pharmacy. Therefore, choosing such a way to get rid of the disease, you must have patience.

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Tonsillitis - symptoms, types, treatment and prevention

Sore throat is one of the most common symptoms for colds. This is easily explained - it is the throat that takes the first blow when infections, parasites and viruses enter the body. If the pain in the throat inflames the tonsils, then this disease is calledtonsillitis. The disease can proceed in acute form, then diagnose angina, and in advanced stages it develops into chronic tonsillitis. About 10% of the adult population is diagnosed with chronic tonsillitis, but this indicator is slightly higher for children - 15%.

This is a disease with which lor occurs most often. A high incidence rate is caused by the fact that most people are rather poorly informed about the mechanism the occurrence of angina, do not know about when and how the angina passes into the stage of chronic tonsillitis. And, worse, they are not informed about possible complications of tonsillitis. Quite often the situation is complicated by the wrong treatment, which patients themselves resort to.

Tonsils - a natural defense of the body

Tonsils are a lymphoid tissue that is located in the pharynx and nasopharynx. They take on the function of protecting the body, participate in the processes of blood formation and are most directly related to the development of immunity in the body. They become a barrier to infections that are trying to penetrate the body through the respiratory organs, that is, they take the first blow. To date, all the functions of the tonsils have not been fully studied yet.

There are several types of tonsils. The palatines, also known as tonsils, are a pair formation in the human throat. and adenoids are nasopharyngeal and pharyngeal tonsils. In addition there are two more tubal tonsils and one lingual. The numbering of the tonsils is used: , - these are palatine tonsils, 3 tonsil is pharyngeal (nasopharyngeal), 4 means lingual, and 5 and 6 are called tubal tonsils. Their structure and functions are identical. Their tissues consist of macrophages, and, just they, and absorb, neutralize those pathogens that try to penetrate the body. That is, macrophages provide the protective function of the tonsils. Here, lymphocytes are formed that glue the hostile antibodies and remove them from the human body. We will talk about palatine tonsils, since they are affected by tonsillitis.

Tonsils take the most active part in the metabolic processes of the body, therefore everything that penetrates into the tonsils is almost instantaneously transmitted to other organs. In order to verify this, a clear experiment is carried out under laboratory conditions. In the tissue of the tonsils, a dye is injected and, after a rather short time, this dye is found in the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, ovaries and other organs. Proceeding from this information, it can be concluded that tonsils take a direct part in the development and life of the organism. Any malfunctions in the work of the tonsils are very perceptible throughout the body.

Causes of tonsillitis

Acute tonsillitis is usually bacterial in nature. Bacteria that caused tonsillitis are streptococci, meningococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, anaerobic organisms, hemophilic rod, stick of typhoid fever, provoke angina chlamydia, kabsiella, anthrax stick, Candida mushrooms, spirochaete of the oral cavity. But most often provoke the development of a pathogenic process in the field of palatine tonsils of streptococci and staphylococcus. As you know, all these infections perfectly coexist and multiply in polluted air.

There can be situations where the human body, more precisely, the tonsils are not able to fight with the infection. These are the so-called predisposing factors to tonsillitis. These factors are known to everyone: a decrease in immunity, hypothermia, beriberi, malnutrition. Contribute to the penetration of bacteria and microtrauma of the tonsils. It is also important to remember that with nasal breathing, the risk of getting angina is significantly less than when inhaled through the mouth. With persistent disruption of nasal breathing, chronic tonsillitis almost always develops. The reasons for such a violation may be an increase in the inferior nasal cavity, curvature of the nasal septums, polyps of the nose and others.

Infecting tonsillitis can be airborne from a person who has an infectious disease or is the carrier of his pathogen. Quite often there is an alimentary route of infection. In this case, we are talking about infection through household items, products, that is, by direct contact with pathogens of tonsillitis. Perhaps self-infection. In the throat of a healthy person there are different infections, and as long as the immune system is normal, their activity is suppressed. But only there is a decrease in protective forces, hypothermia of the body, as the increased activity of these very pathogenic organisms begins to manifest. This way, self-infection of a person with angina is realized.

Clinic of acute tonsillitis

Klinika-hronicheskogo-tonzillita

Isolate catarrhal, lacunar, follicular, fibrinous and phlegmous angina. Now we will tell about the main differences between these manifestations of acute tonsillitis.

Catarrhal angina- this is a superficial defeat of the palatine tonsils, this is one of the easiest forms of the disease. Usually, with proper treatment, catarrhal angina ends in recovery, but it can go to a more serious stage. It is characterized by a general intoxication of the body, which is manifested in an increase in body temperature, weakness. There is a headache, a sore throat, which is especially worse when swallowing. It can not be said that the patient's condition is very serious, but there is discomfort. The main and most unpleasant symptom is sore throat, since all the other symptoms recede into the background due to not very pronounced manifestation. Diagnosis of catarrhal angina is based on examination of the throat, which makes it possible to make a pharyngoscopic picture. There is puffiness and hyperimia of the tonsils, and the mucosa around them also has a similar appearance. A clear distinguishing feature of catarrhal pharyngitis from angina is the absence of redness of the sky and posterior wall in angina.

Lacunarandfollicularangina flow more heavily than catarrhal. Characteristic increase in pain in the throat, it can give in the ear. Because of severe pain in the throat, it is difficult to eat, so there is a lack of appetite. The body temperature rises to 40 degrees, there is a strong weakness, chills, pains the headache, can hurt in the lower back, limbs. There is an increase and soreness of regional lymph nodes.

Whenfollicularangina follicles are formed. They are formations of yellow or yellowish-white color, which appear through the hyperemia and swelling of the mucous membrane of the tonsils. The size of the follicles is no more than a pinhead. With the composition of the pharyngoscopic picture in follicular angina, there is a similarity of the "starry sky". With palpation of the lymph nodes, not only their involvement and soreness is noted. In some cases, an enlargement of the spleen is possible. Follicular angina occurs 5-7 days. Among the symptoms, in addition to severe sore throat and fever, there may be diarrhea, vomiting, dullness of consciousness.

Forlacunar anginacharacteristic appearance of lacunae (purulent, white color formation on the mucous membrane of the tonsils). Gradually they expand and cover a significant part of the free surface of the tonsils. But the lacunae do not go beyond the tonsils. Lacunas are easily removed from the surface of the tonsils, while leaving no bleeding wounds. Lacunar angina develops on the principle of follicular, but is marked by a more severe course.

Fibrinous tonsillitisis accompanied by the formation of a continuous deposit (film), which has a white, yellow or yellowish white color. If the previous forms of sore throat were not accompanied by the spread of plaque beyond the tonsils, then with fibrinous angina, the raid goes beyond the amygdala. The film is formed already in the first hours of the onset of the disease, can proceed in parallel with the lacunar form of angina. With acute onset, fever, severe symptoms of intoxication, brain damage can occur.

Not commonphlegmonous angina. This type of tonsillitis is associated with the melting of the tonsil. Usually only one tonsil is damaged. It is characterized by a sharp pain when swallowing, there is a headache, chills, weakness, trismus of the masticatory muscles, abundant saliva. The temperature of the body is kept at 38-39 degrees. The patient has an unpleasant smell from his mouth. There is an increase in lymph nodes, their soreness. When examining the throat, reddening of the palate on one side, puffiness of the reddened area is noted, and the displacement of the palatine tonsil (slightly to the center and down) is also clearly visible. Due to the fact that the mobility of the soft palate on the affected side is sharply limited, then during the reception of liquid food, it can flow through the nose. If you do not start the treatment in time, then an abscess may form in about the almond tissues, this abscess is called the perintosylar abscess. He can open himself, and maybe have to resort to a surgical opening. After opening, the reverse development of the disease occurs. It happens that phlegmous angina tightens for several months, with an abscess is periodically formed. This process is usually caused by improper intake or administration of antibiotics.

Herpetic tonsillitisor herpetic tonsillitis accompanied by a rise in body temperature, abdominal pain, vomiting, pharyngitis and rashes, the formation of ulcers on the back of the throat or soft palate. The causative agent is the Coxsackie virus. Especially often they get sick with this form of tonsillitis in summer and autumn. Infection can occur fecal-oral and by contact. The source of the virus is a sick person and animals. To start the disease is characterized by an increase in body temperature, weakness, general malaise, irritability appears. Further, pain in the throat, abundant salivation, rhinitis begin to appear. Tonsils, the sky, the back wall of the pharynx begin to become covered with vesicles with serous contents that can start to ulcerate, swim, gradually dry out with the formation of crusts. There may be diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. Diagnosis of herpetic tonsillitis includes pharyngoscopic examination, and blood analysis.

Ulcerative necrotizing anginausually develops against a background of reduced immunity, beriberi. Its causative agent is a spindle-shaped rod that lives in the mouth of every person. People are elderly. People suffering from cardiac diseases, as well as the cause, can serve another infectious disease, which weakened the human immune system. Symptoms of ulcerative-necrotic tonsillitis differ from the symptoms of the forms of tonsillitis described above. The body temperature does not increase, there is no weakness, a bolus in the throat. But there is a sensation of an extraneous body in the throat, as if something is interfering. An unpleasant smell comes from the mouth. When examining the throat, you can see a plaque of green or gray color, which is located on the affected amygdala. After removing the plaque, a bleeding sore is exposed.

Clinic of chronic tonsillitis

Chronic tonsillitis is no longer an inflammatory process in the tonsils, but a serious pathology. Usually a chronic process begins after an angina (acute tonsillitis). Chronization of the process contributes to non-compliance with the rules of oral hygiene, the presence of carious teeth, frequent catarrhal diseases, chronic inflammation of the pharynx, nose. Diagnosis of chronic tonsillitis is made by analyzing the pharyngoscopic picture. Upon examination, the doctor sees changes in the tonsils, which is noticeable not with an armed eye: the tonsils are loose, enlarged, covered with purulent matter. And the submaxillary and cervical lymph nodes are markedly enlarged. Exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis occurs 2-3 times a year. As a result, a large amount of pus accumulates in the lacunae and they lose tonsils of their protective function.

Chronic tonsillitis is accompanied by an unpleasant smell from the mouth, unpleasant sensations in the throat when swallowing. The patient is worried about headaches, he often becomes irritable, fatigue rises sharply, dizziness occurs, and body temperature often rises to 37-37.5 degrees. And also during an exacerbation there can be a disturbance in the work of the urinary-genital, excretory system, disorders of the cardiovascular system, nervous disorders.

The danger of chronic tonsillitis is that it is the focus of infection in the body, which gradually destroys the immune system, so complications can begin to develop at any minute. To treat chronic tonsillitis is necessary and the best treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor. Do not wait for complications of the disease.

Tonsillitis in children

Tonzillit-u-deteyIn view of the fact that the children's organism does not yet have a fully formed immune system, children are more susceptible to various kinds of infectious diseases. Getting into an organism an infection, the virus practically does not meet worthy resistance, therefore without problems it is introduced into the body and begins its parasitic life. And since it is the tonsils that take the first stroke, tonsillitis is also one of the most common childhood diseases. Many parents are tired of the frequent colds of their child, but not everyone knows that they can become the first step in the formation of chronic tonsillitis.

Infection of the child usually occurs by airborne droplets, in contact with sick children, adults. It is important to note that the baby has a sore throat sometimes, as if for no reason. The thing is that for the unformed immunity of a child it is enough to sneeze once in the presence of a child. The most common pathogen is streptococcus and hemophilic rod.

Symptoms of acute diseasefairly pronounced. The child usually complains that his throat hurts, while inspecting it is possible to detect his redness, a slight puffiness, possibly the presence of plaque. Quite small children become capricious, whiny, refuse food because of the pain in their throat. The child's body temperature is increased. Regional lymph nodes have signs of an inflammatory process - they are enlarged and painful. If tonsillitis occurs without purulent incrustation, then in this case, the child will be diagnosed with "catarrhal angina".

Treatment of acute tonsillitischildren can not without antibiotics, which should appoint a doctor. Among antibiotics, amoxiclav, cephalosporin series preparations and macrolides can be attributed. Engage in self-medication is very dangerous, so it is best that the drug is matched by a doctor. Do not neglect the gargling of the throat, for this purpose you can use and broths of chamomile, sage, calendula, and also pharmaceutical preparations. To relieve pain in the throat, you can use special aerosols, which also have an antiseptic effect. If you do not start timely and correct treatment of angina, then there is a high probability that it will flow into chronic tonsillitis.

Chronic tonsillitis in children is diagnosed quite often. Usually it is caused by self-medication and a refusal of antibiotics in the acute stage of tonsillitis. Parents, taking a decision to abandon the course of antibiotic therapy, only aggravate the state of the child, causing irreparable damage to his health. If the acute form of tonsillitis can be easily treated with medication, chronic tonsillitis often ends with a surgical procedure. Removal of both palatine tonsils is required only in the most extreme cases, but this is very undesirable, since after that the body is actually deprived of protective "gates", which are the tonsils. Usually, such cardinal measures are taken after ineffective drug treatment, which lasted quite a long time.

Conservative treatment of chronic tonsillitis in children provides for regular washing of lacunae of the tonsils, which allows for a continuous struggle with microorganisms that have settled there. For this purpose, antiseptic ointments, aerosols are prescribed by the doctor. Improve the state of the child's pain and physiotherapy procedures are also capable. In order that the weakened immunity could fight and resist pathogens, immunomodulatory therapy is prescribed. The complex of procedures is carried out 2 times a year.

Tonsillitis in pregnancy

Tonzillit-pri-beremennostiSore throat can occur in any person, regardless of age and sex. Unfortunately, future mothers, pregnant women, face the same danger. Tonsillitis during this period can harm not only the woman herself, but also the unborn child. If you do not start treatment on time, the consequences of this can be very deplorable.

Causes of tonsillitis in pregnant women can be sore throat, which occurred before pregnancy, chronic tonsillitis. It will not be superfluous to mention the hypothermia and the lack of vitamins, since during pregnancy this is very important. In order not to harm a child, one must warmly dress before a walk in the cold season and enrich your diet with fruits and vegetables. A woman should try to avoid contact with people who have clear signs of a cold. Sinusitis and carious teeth also often cause tonsillitis during pregnancy. From all that has been said, we can conclude that planning pregnancy, a thorough examination before pregnancy is necessary if a woman wants to take out and give birth to a healthy child. Regular, balanced meals, warm clothes in the cold season, frequent walks in the fresh air, regular Visiting a doctor and monitoring their health should become the habits of a pregnant woman.

Pregnancy is accompanied by many changes in the body of a woman, including toxicosis, "jumping" of blood pressure, nausea, mood swings and much more. But exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis or the development of acute tonsillitis bring not only discomfort, but also are very dangerous. homedanger of tonsillitis in pregnancyIs that he can provoke a miscarriage. And in the late term of pregnancy, toxicosis can begin, which can negatively affect not only the condition of the woman, but also the child who should be born very soon.

If it so happened that the woman was ill already during pregnancy, then in no case should one engage in self-medication, starting to take medication or resorting to folk medicine. After all, all these drugs have side effects that can affect the child and worsen a woman's condition with various complications, including premature birth. Only a doctor can choose the most safe treatment regimen, in which it will be possible to get rid of tonsillitis without harming the child. The greatest danger for a child is provided by an antibiotic, but without it, the treatment of angina is impossible, so the doctor will prescribe the most sparing drug. The washing of the throat, its rinsing with various antiseptic compounds will accelerate the healing process. Physiotherapy procedures can work miracles, relieving painful pains in the throat. In extreme cases it is necessary to resort to tonsillotomy (surgical treatment of tonsillitis). It is possible to use inhalations, but only after consulting a doctor. You can rinse your throat with chamomile, cornflower, sage.

Do not neglect the planning of pregnancy, as in this case it will be possible to cure all the diseases before the most important and important period in life - the expectation of the birth of a child. Only in this case the woman will be able to fully adjust to her special situation, and she will not have to worry about the baby's health, taking different medications.

Treatment of tonsillitis

Prichiny-tonzillita

To date, medicine uses two methods of treatment of tonsillitis - medication and by surgical intervention. Quite often they resort to the second option today -surgical intervention, since this is a fairly simple quick relief from chronic tonsillitis. But at the same time, to remove the tonsils - this means to deprive the body of a natural barrier to infection on the way to penetration into the body. Many doctors are easier to do a simple operation than to lead a long course of drug treatment. The main thing is that the elimination of the source of chronic tonsillitis does not cause other diseases. After tonzilloktomii patients are more susceptible to infections, more often sick with bronchitis, laryngitis, various colds. Chronic laryngitis and pharyngitis can develop. Tonsillectomy reduces the protective function of the body. To date, there have been confirmed data that the removal of glands in childhood provoked a violation of puberty, menstrual function in girls.

From all that has been said above, it must be concluded that resorting to surgical treatment of chronic Tonsillitis follows only when there is no effect of conservative treatment. You can not do an operation just because. What is easier and faster can get rid of tonsillitis, because such a solution can bring on more serious problems. The indication for surgery is that the patient has a long time with tonsillitis, he starts a different a kind of complication, rheumatism appears, there are problems with the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and other organs.

Conservative methodshave many means. However, this fact can not be called a positive phenomenon, since it indicates their ineffectiveness in the treatment of tonsillitis. The infectious nature of the disease suggests that one can not do without antibiotics and antiseptics. A doctor can prescribe a certain group of antibiotics after a laboratory smear test was performed, in order to understand which microorganism caused the disease. Speaking of such a procedure as gargling, it should be noted that it is ineffective, because the effect only on the surface of the tonsils, while the infection itself hides a little deeper. Although it is also impossible to do without rinses, as they produce an antiseptic effect, destroying pathogenic organisms. A good effect is the washing of the pharynx by a doctor using special compounds and instruments.

One of the biggest and worst mistakes of patients is squeezing out pus and tubes with a spoon yourself. Very often, tonsils are injured in this way, which aggravates the patient's condition. This method is also used in the treatment of tonsillitis, but it should be done only by an experienced specialist.

Physiotherapeutic procedures have a beneficial effect on the condition of the tonsils, return them the ability to perform their protective and hematopoietic functions. These procedures include laser, ultrasound, ultraviolet exposure to inflamed areas. To enhance the effect, it is recommended to conduct in parallel stimulation of immunity, replenish the stores of vitamins in the body.

Vacuuming and exposure to low-frequency ultrasound is considered the most effective method, which is used to treat chronic tonsillitis. The effectiveness of treatment in this case reaches 90%, which is significantly higher than the operation for removing tonsils. The essence of the technique is that, with the help of vacuum, the purulent contents of the tonsils are sucked off, after which they should be washed with antiseptic solutions, which contain an antibiotic. After these procedures, the patient is expected to receive a low-frequency phonophoresis course. These procedures are completely painless, the course consists of 7-15 procedures. This is an excellent alternative to the removal of tonsils, so if the doctor advises you to lie down under the knife, then do not rush. Naturally, this technique can not completely replace tonsillotomy, but the indications for surgery should be very significant. And the painlessness of the procedure makes the procedure accessible even in the treatment of children's tonsillitis, also tonsillitis in pregnant women. After the course of treatment, the tonsils are not only not removed. But they also retain their functions, continuing to protect people from harmful organisms.

Complications of tonsillitis

Oslozhneniya-tonzillitaComplications of tonsillitis can be both local and common. To local complications of tonsillitis concernsparatonsillar abscess, which is characterized by inflammation of the tissues that surround the palatine tonsils. This complication is diagnosed most often in people aged 15 to 30 years. It appears a few days after acute tonsillitis or after another exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease. Periodically, there are peritonsillar abscesses. Pain in paratonsillitis is usually one-sided, there is a headache, difficulty in swallowing, body temperature rises, it overcomes weakness, lethargy, weakness.Regional lymphadenitismanifested in the form of increased, painful, swollen regional lymph nodes. There is a risk that there will be a degeneration of the parenchymal tissue with the loss of tonsils of their functions, that is, tonsils will stop coping with their work (this is one of those cases where surgical removal can not be done without removing glands).

Common complications of tonsillitis are rheumatism, joint inflammation, myocarditis, kidney disease.Rheumatismis one of the most formidable complications of tonsillitis. It was found that this disease in more than half of the cases was preceded by tonsillitis (acute form or exacerbation of the chronic form), pharyngitis, rhinitis, and scarlet fever. Signs of rheumatism can be traced in 3-4 weeks after the beginning of angina or exacerbated chronic tonsillitis. It is also noted that there is a certain feature of rheumatism caused by infectious diseases from so-called "true" rheumatism. With "true" rheumatism, only the joint bag is affected. And if rheumatism is caused by an infectious disease, the process also affects the cartilaginous, bone tissue of the joint apparatus.

90% of cardiovascular diseases appear against rheumatism. In view of the fact that rheumatism is a consequence of the inflammatory process in the palatine tonsils, complications such asmyocarditisandendocarditiscan be called a complication of tonsillitis. Angina or exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis necessarily accompanied by signs that indicate a malfunction in the work of the heart. Experimentally, the relationship between the palatine tonsils and the heart was studied. For this purpose, the experimental animal was used: turmeric was injected into tonsils and the ECG was changed. The data from these studies confirmed the relationship between these bodies. At the beginning of this article, we cited a similar example, only in this case a dye was used, which manifested itself in all other organs of the experimental animal.

Tonsilocardial syndromeis also known astonsillar degeneration of the myocardium, this complication, which is recognized throughout the world, as a consequence of chronic tonsillitis. In patients, dyspnea appears, there is a sense of disruption in the heart muscle, and with physical exertion, heartbeats are significantly accelerated. Tachycardia and signs of a disturbed heart rhythm are often detected.

In view of the fact that in chronic tonsillitis there is a large number of bacteria in the body, allergenic shifts can occur. As a result, the skin appears rashes, similar to urticaria, accompanied by itching and hyperemia of the skin. Requires treatment with antiallergic drugs.

Prophylaxis of tonsillitis

Profilaktika-tonzillitaPrevention is the best method of treatment, because it helps to prevent the development of a pathological process. This is especially true when it comes to tonsillitis. To get sick with quinsy is not difficult, because it is provoked by microorganisms that are everywhere and they are just waiting for the moment when the protection is weakened to pounce on the body. Treating from acute tonsillitis or fighting chronic is quite unpleasant, and also involves additional losses of time and expenditure of funds. But the preventive measures practically do not create discomfort, and some of them are completely free.

The main task of prevention is to prevent the decrease of immunity. Particular attention should be paid to local immunity, that is, the condition of the palatine tonsils. It is necessary to exclude as much as possible the possibility of their damage. Damages they can get because of the effects of dry, cold air, rough, dry, solid food. When exposed to colds, the risk of getting tonsillitis increases. Not the least role in the prevention of angina plays and hardening of the tonsils. To this end, you can periodically use cold drinks ice cream. It is important to remember that it is possible to temper the throat only when a person or a child is healthy. One of the main conditions for the proper effect of cold on the throat is the consumption of these foods or drinks in small sips, but not at a salvo.

Prophylaxis of chronic tonsillitis should begin with the improvement of the oral cavity, the removal of pathogens. It is necessary to give special attention to the recovery of nasal breathing, if there are problems with this. For the purification of tonsils, regular washings with antiseptic agents that are specifically designed for the treatment and prevention of tonsillitis can be resorted to. It has already been said that rinsing the throat does not have the proper effect, since it affects the surface of the tonsils. But if there is no possibility to visit Laura in order to perform lavage washing, rinsing at home will be a good alternative. To prepare the solution you can use furatsillin, due to its antibacterial properties, it adversely affects staphylococci and streptococci. It is possible that the doctor will prescribe other preparations for rinsing with tonsillitis then it is better to apply them. To prevent tonsillitis, you can alternate rinsing of the throat with solutions of medicines with decoctions of herbs (chamomile, sage, calendula). The frequency of prophylactic rinses is two times a day, in addition to rinse the throat after each meal. These procedures continue for a month, then you can take a break for several months.

Massage - one of the effective methods of preventing tonsillitis. It is necessary to raise a little the chin and perform light stroking movements along the chin in the direction from the jaw to the chest. This massage is useful to make before each exit on the street, especially in the cold season, and also after something cold was eaten or eaten. Beginning to accustom the throat to the cold, this should be done gradually, and in time it will be possible to go out safely in winter to the street without a scarf and not be afraid to get sick after a portion of ice cream.

The basis of strong immunity is a correct, balanced diet. It is better to refuse fast food, half-finished products, snacks on the go. As much as you are in a hurry, but there must always be time to cook and eat healthy food. The diet should be enriched with vitamins, microelements, easy, easily digestible food. Especially carefully should make a diet for chronic tonsillitis, so it is desirable to abandon the rough, dry food, as it can damage the delicate tonsils.

A healthy lifestyle is the basis of strong immunity, allows you to forget about tonsillitis.


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Chronic tonsillitis: features of treatment

Chronic inflammation of the tonsils is a very common disease within this organ, which is called chronic tonsillitis, the treatment of which in this case should be appropriate, therefore it is necessary to know the basic symptoms of the disease.

The problem of chronic tonsillitis

Inflammation of the tonsils is considered quite a serious disease and can lead to serious health consequences. Therefore, tonsils with chronic inflammation are most often removed surgically.

Themselves of the amygdala are accumulations of lymphoid tissue, i.e., places in which there is a differentiation of cells of the immune system - lymphocytes and monocytes. In this regard, they are able to protect the body from infections.

Tonsillitis in children is a fairly common health problem.Tonsillitis very rarely occurs in adults. The most common cause is its bacteria, called streptococci, and transmitted by a drip infection, although the cause of inflammation can be and viruses.

Tonsillitis against bacterial infection is a widely known disease (angina). Not every redness and swelling of the tonsils means problems with the body itself - such a symptom can accompany the inflammation of the throat.

Symptoms of inflammation of the tonsils

Types of tonsillitisIn the case of viral inflammation, a common rhinitis first appears. But tonsillitis is, first of all, noticeable reddening, edema of the tonsils and the sky, which usually appears only in a later phase of the disease. Characteristic symptoms accompanying angina, that is, bacterial inflammation of the tonsils - a white coating on their surface.

In addition, the patient complains of severe sore throat and swallowing problems, has no appetite. There is quite a strong fever, a headache and bad breath. Ears and stomach may ache. Vomiting and coughing occur. Problems with tonsils often appear in pre-school and school-age children in the spring-summer period.

The main symptoms that help determine chronic tonsillitis include:

  • slight periodic pain in the throat;
  • Feeling of obstruction in the throat and difficulty swallowing;
  • The mucous membrane of the pharynx is inflamed.

The occurrence of recurrent acute inflammations is an important information for the doctor when diagnosing. In addition, patients complain of bad breath and unpleasant taste in the mouth. Then on tonsils there is also a characteristic cream-yellow coating.

Fever in chronic tonsillitisOften enlarged are the surrounding lymph nodes. Chronic inflammatory process leads to changes in the structure of the tonsils:
  • they become hypertrophied;
  • their surface is uneven;
  • mobility is limited;
  • when they are depressed, purulent discharge comes out of the depressions.

From the surface layer, the infection spreads deep into the tonsils or, worse, the blood vessels are transferred to distant organs such as the heart, kidneys and joints. This can cause the following serious diseases of these organs:

  • rheumatic fever;
  • glomeruponephritis;
  • arthritis.

In chronic inflammation of the tonsils, general symptoms are also observed: fever, weakness and lack of appetite.

Causes of Chronic Inflammation

The main cause is repeated acute infections caused mainly by viruses. Acute inflammation develops after infection with a drop infection from an infected person. After that, the process of replication begins, that is, the doubling of the genetic material and, as a consequence, the development of clinical symptoms.

Hemolytic group A streptococcus is the cause of tonsillitisAnother cause of acute inflammation are bacteria, mainly streptococci beta-hemolytic group A. Excess colonization of these bacteria on the tonsils leads to the development of inflammation. This occurs as a result of the release of specific proteins streptococci, which stimulate the production of cytokines (inflammatory factors) against the cells of the immune system. It comes to the development of fever, edema and dysfunction of cells.

Chronic disease is not always due to acute infections. The structure of the tonsils is dominated by cracks, branched crypts that penetrate into the soft tissue. Physiologically, the material that settles in these crypts is removed freely from the oral cavity, and the function of the tonsils is not disturbed. Sometimes it happens that the remains of nutrients are deposited constantly in the indentations, becoming nutritious the environment for bacteria that are in the mouth, which leads to chronic inflammation of the tonsils. In addition, lymphocytes, exfoliated epithelium and bacteria can settle in the depressions of the tonsils.

Treatment of tonsillitis

First of all, you should see a doctor as soon as possible.

In most cases, tonsillitis is viral and does not require treatment with antibiotics. In addition to examining the throat, the doctor can prescribe a test for a swab from the throat to make sure that the infection is caused by bacteria or viruses. Sometimes a blood test is performed to confirm that the body is undergoing an inflammatory process (a sufficiently complete blood test, in which ESR is determined).

Decoction of sage garglingSpecialists usually treat a sore throat, prescribing medications to the patient with painkillers, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs. Chewable tablets are used to relieve pain in the throat. You can gargle with sage infusion, which has astringent, antibacterial and emollient effects.

It should be borne in mind that when treating antibiotics the patient should receive probiotics and prebiotics, which restore the bacterial flora within the body.

For the duration of treatment prescribed by a doctor, you should try to irritate your throat as little as possible. Do not smoke, as this is very irritating to the throat, and makes swallowing even more difficult. In order to maximally ease the symptoms of the disease, you should moisten the air and often ventilate the patient's room.

How to cure chronic tonsillitis? Drug treatment, consisting in the rinsing of the throat and the intake of special drugs and analgesics, in the case of chronic inflammation brings only a slight improvement. Treatment of chronic tonsillitis with antibiotics is also unsuccessful, and gives results only with acute inflammation. The only effective treatment for chronic disease is the procedure for removing tonsils.

What is the removal of tonsils?

Laser Tonsillotomy ProcedureIs it possible to cure chronic tonsillitis with a surgical procedure? The removal of tonsils is the most frequently performed surgical intervention in otolaryngology. Therefore, this operation is currently performed in several methods. In addition to the classical surgical method of tonsillectomy, the method of laser removal (application of radio waves of high frequency) and cryosurgery (tissue freezing) is applied.

However, the most popular method is still the surgical method, and it is often supplemented by electrocoagulation, which reduces bleeding. The removal of tonsils by the classical method consists in separating the amygdala from the surface and carefully removing its tissues. The procedure can be performed under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. However, it is most often possible to avoid general anesthesia, when this is undesirable. The operation should not last longer than an hour.

Complete recovery after surgery should occur approximately 14 days after the procedure. Stitching is not performed because it can make swallowing difficult and leave scars.

After the operation, the patient remains on observation for about 3 days. All this time he is offered painkillers, and the diet consists of liquid products. Two weeks after the operation, the symptoms mostly disappear, and the throat after healing of the tonsils heals.

Removal of tonsils - readings

Indications for surgery for the removal of tonsils can be divided into two groups. The first of these is absolute indications, that is, a chronic illness that does not recede without a cutout of the tonsils. The second group consists of relative indications, that is, a condition in which tonsillectomy is recommended.

Sleep Apnea - an indication for the removal of tonsilsThe absolute indications are:
  • suspicion of a malignant tumor;
  • Abscesses of the tonsils;
  • Recurrent, purulent, hemorrhagic inflammation of the tonsils;
  • Significant hypertrophy of palatine tonsils, leading to sleep apnea and throughout the day.

Relative indications include:

  • 5-7 incidents of inflammation of the tonsils during the year;
  • Chronic tonsillitis, lasting 3-6 months;
  • Inflammation of the lymph nodes of the neck, concomitant with chronic inflammation of the tonsils;
  • Disorders of swallowing caused by hypertrophy of the tonsils;
  • General complications in the course of chronic inflammation of the tonsils.

Removal of palatine tonsils - the most frequent complications

Any surgical intervention carries with it the risk of certain complications. After tonsillectomy, they are quite rare, but you should keep in mind that there is no rule that indicates that they will not arise exactly from you. About the risk of surgery and its possible complications, you will be informed in detail by the doctor before the procedure.

The most common complications after tonsillectomy are bleeding, therefore it is recommended to limit efforts, avoid lying position and the use of a liquid diet, so as not to irritate the site after removing tonsils. Strong and intensive bleeding happens very rarely, in these cases, the intervention of the doctor may be crucial.

Sometimes there is vomiting, which is associated with the use of anesthesia or anesthesia. It happens that it is also caused by blood draining into the stomach. There may be inflammation and hypertrophy of other elements of the lymphatic system.

The rare complications include damages of the palatine arch, constant changes in the voice of the voice or a disorder in the function of the muscles due to damage to the nearby nerves. In addition, the occurrence of frequent infections of the upper respiratory tract.

Removing tonsils is still a controversial topic for doctors. There are many arguments for and against performing tonsillectomy. Each situation should be considered individually, and the procedure is appointed in strictly justified and carefully selected cases.

Tonsils are one of the elements of the immune system, so their removal should not significantly affect on the work of the body's immunity, especially if they themselves caused a recurrent infection. In this case, the operation will put an end to the unpleasant and intense inflammation.

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What are the symptoms of tonsillitis in children, how is it treated?

tonsillitis in a child how to treat treatment

Tonsillitis in medicine is called inflammation of the tonsils (glands) located on the palate and in the pharynx, which lasts a long time. The disease belongs to the category of infectious - the cause of its occurrence are bacteria: streptococcus, staphylococcus, hemolytic pneumococcus, as well as viral and fungal infections.

Acute form

What is the tonsils? This is an important part of the body's lymphoid system, which is a barrier to pathogens. They are clearly visible to the naked eye: if the child is asked to open his mouth wide and say a long "A", then on both sides throat on the back of it you can see mucous clumps of lymphatic tissue oval shape - this is the glands.They are on guard of health, catching harmful microorganisms and not passing them on.But sometimes, when the immune system is broken, the tonsils themselves become the object of attack of microbes, and then the source of infection for the whole organism. There is always the question of whether it is possible to cure.

Acute tonsillitis symptoms and treatment in children

Acute tonsillitis affects 50% of children between the ages of one and twelve years, but if you ask your parents if they are familiar with this disease, most will respond negatively. The reason for this is very simple: in people, inflammation of the glands is more often called angina. How to determine it in a child? Characteristic symptoms of angina are the following painful manifestations.

  1. Sore throat. With tonsillitis it is not just pink, but rich red. Tonsils increase in size, they often have a white coating, abscesses.
  2. A sharp rise in temperature. This symptom necessarily accompanies the inflammatory process in its very beginning, in the acute stage. The temperature is accompanied by headache, weakness, irritability, sweating, chills.
  3. Severe sore throat, increasing with swallowing.
  4. Enlargement of lymph nodeslocated on both sides below the ear, in the hollow below the lower jaw. When the baby is healthy, they are practically not probed, with the inflammatory process become much more, sticking under the skin like two small nuts.
  5. Unpleasant odor from the mouth.

The video tells about the symptoms and treatment of tonsillitis in children:

When one or more signs of the disease appear, you should never diagnose yourself and self-medicate. Because the listed symptoms are characteristic not only for inflammation of the tonsils, but also for more dangerous diseases: diphtheria, infectious mononucleosis, leukemia. A timely visit of the doctor will allow to exclude them and proceed to an organized and consistent treatment.

Diagnosis of tonsillitis often does not require special tests and examinations, so the diagnosis is made by a pediatrician or family doctor immediately after the examination.

Helps in acute form

Acute inflammation of the tonsils is a disease that can be treated out-patient, but antibacterial therapy is always prescribed. The drug for treating the baby and its exact dosage is determined by the doctor, while he takes into account a number of factors: age, weight, incidence of a particular child, and others.

chronic tonsillitis symptoms and treatment in children

The duration of treatment with an antibiotic is at least 5 days (usually 7-10). In no case should you stop taking the drug ahead of time, after seeing the first positive changes in the child's state of health. This is fraught with the development of complications and relapse of the disease.

In addition to combating the root cause of the disease, its treatment necessarily provides for the elimination of symptoms that cause a lot of discomfort to the child. To relieve pain in the throat, it is necessary to rinse it with medicinal (furatsilinom) and natural (broth chamomile, sage, calendula) antiseptics.It helps to remove the inflammation and pain sensations of a solution of soda (1 teaspoon per glass of water).Here you can see a recipe for a solution for the throat and soda. The temperature of the solutions is not higher than 50 degrees, the rinsing frequency is 5-6 times a day. In some cases (usually for children who do not yet know how to gargle), the pediatrician may prescribe a local antibiotic. Effective in sore throat irrigation with special sprays (chlorophyllite, inhalipt, sebidine, etc.).

When the temperature rises two or three times a day, the antipyretic is indicated.

To various warming compresses, popular in the treatment of tonsillitis, should be treated with caution: if available ulcers on tonsils heat is contraindicated, so they should be done only with the permission of the treating doctor. It is important to remember that any initiative in the treatment of acute bacterial and viral diseases can lead to its transition to a chronic stage.

The video tells about the symptoms and treatment of chronic tonsillitis in children:

Chronic form

If, in the acute form of inflammation, ignore the doctor's appointment, interpret them at his discretion, shorten the time of taking antibiotics, try to completely replace them with folk remedies for tonsillitis - there is a high probability that tonsillitis will go to a chronic stage. To get rid of it is much more difficult than from acute inflammation, so parents should do everything to prevent this. In chronic tonsillitis, the child's resistance to infections decreases, he often begins to have SARS and other viral diseases. The diagnosis is made by the doctor, based on a common clinical picture and analyzes.

The video tells how to treat chronic tonsillitis in children:

Help with chronic form

To treat the chronic form of tonsillitis, specialists are prescribed gentle treatment (gargling, treatment of the tonsils and the posterior pharyngeal wall with antiseptics, resorption of antimicrobial tablets) in combination with physiotherapeutic methods: ultraphonophoresis, UHF, microwave therapy, laser therapy. If such treatment does not help, tonsils become spreaders of diseases - antibacterial therapy is prescribed. If there is no result even after two to three courses of antibiotics, the doctor may recommend surgical intervention. The decision about surgery is taken as a last resort, as the tonsils play an important role in the immune system on throughout their lives, and their removal has a bad effect on the body's ability to resist diseases.

acute tonsillitis in children

There are several ways to remove glands:

  • extracapsular tonsillectomy(the usual operation, carried out by surgical blades);
  • diathermy(removal of tonsils and inflamed tissue around them with the help of radio-frequency energy);
  • ablation- a method similar to the previous, but less painful due to the use of lower temperatures;
  • tonsillectomyultrasonic waves;
  • removal of tonsils with a laser.

Postoperative recovery after the application of any of these surgical methods takes a long time time and is carried by the child hard enough due to pain and risk of bleeding. To alleviate the condition of the patient, he is prescribed painkillers, and to block a small bleeding helps rinse the throat with cold water. Also, the child is shown the use of solid food - it is difficult, but necessary for the early healing of wounds. For the same reason, a small patient is recommended frequent use of ice cream.

Features of care for children of different ages

When appointing a comprehensive treatment for inflammation of glands, the pediatrician and the otolaryngologist take into account the age of the patient.

The photo shows how the child's tonsillitis looks:

tonsillitis in a child
  • Child 1-3 years (years)life can not gargle, so parents are encouraged to drink it with a solution of chamomile, which has an antiseptic effect. Also at this age, instead of oral antipyretic drugs, it is better to use candles. Small patients are also offered immunomodulating drugs.
  • Starting from 3 yearsYou can use tablets and lozenges for absorption, use antiseptic aerosols. A child at this age already needs to be taught how to gargle with herbal decoctions and medicines prescribed by a doctor. In recent years, in the treatment of tonsillitis specialists have abandoned iodine rinses - iodine can cause allergic reactions and dry delicate tissues of the tonsils.
  • Children of any age, to mitigate the harmful effects of antibiotic, prescribed antihistamines and probiotics.
how to get rid of a cold in pregnancyLearn how to get rid of the common cold during pregnancy.

Symptoms of asthmatic bronchitis: http://prolor.ru/g/simptomy-g/bronxit-u-vzroslyx-raspoznat-simptomy-i-vylechit.html.

Here you can read reviews about the use of albucid in the nose to children.

Cough in tonsillitis

One of the most common and painful side effects in acute inflammation of the glands is a cough. It can be wet, dry, spastic, or asthmatic, but in any manifestation, the cough causes a lot of discomfort to the child, increasing the pain in the throat. The most dangerous and unpleasant is a dry cough, whose attacks do not bring any relief. To help the patient, the doctor prescribes drugs and syrups that dilute sputum in the bronchi and promote its exit. It is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air - it should be moistened with special devices, spray or wet towels hung on batteries or chairs. Coughing attacks can also provoke dust, which should be disposed of by daily wet cleaning.

Dr. Komarovsky on the problem

A popular pediatrician, Eugene Komarovsky, special importance in the treatment of tonsillitis makes it necessary to comply with the drinking regime. Parents often try to stuff the child with useful teas - with honey, lemon, ginger, raspberries, various broths. But we must not forget that the taste of the baby differs significantly from the taste sensations of an adult, but to prove To the sick child with a heat that he should drink tea with a raspberry, it is useless. Dr. Komarovsky insists that the child drink what he wants - juice, compote, mineral water - but drank in sufficient quantities. The temperature of the drink should be such that it does not burn the sore throat. Why is it so important? A liquid that enters the body during an illness is excreted through the pores in the form of sweat, taking with itself pathogenic viruses.

In the video, Dr. Komarovsky tells about tonsillitis in a child:

Much less attention the doctor advises to give to food - if the child has no appetite, then the body sent all the forces to fight the infection, and do not overload it with the need to digest food. Appetite will appear as soon as the disease begins to recede, but in this case, do not particularly zealous, immediately offering fatty and heavy meals. First time is better to observe a non-strict diet - less fried, sweet and smoked, more vegetables and fruits.

A lot of disputes always cause the need for water-prevention procedures.People of the older generation believe that you can not wash a child while he is sick - they say, so you can wash off all the protective barriers of the body.Dr. Komarovsky has long dispelled this myth; he argues that swabbing off the baby sweat and dirt is not just possible, but you need - this is the only way to clear the pores and allow the skin to breathe. In addition to tonsillitis, the child may have other throat disorders. Here you can read about the treatment of a throat in a child. Here you can find a list of drugs that can cure a dry cough in a child. Under this link you will find the symptoms of an allergic cough in a child. Here the symptoms of viral pharyngitis are described.

ProLor.ru

Tonsillitis: Definition, Symptoms and Signs of Disease

What does tonsillitis look like?

The term "tonsillitis" refers to the infection of the palatine tonsils.

Your tonsils are small, oval-shaped tissues located on either side of the back of the throat.

They are part of the immune system and help protect the rest of the body from microorganisms that enter the mouth.

But sometimes viruses or bacteria attack the tonsils themselves. If this happens, you will feel sick for a few days.

Sometimes the infection penetrates beyond the tonsils, causing sinus, rhinitis, bronchitis and other diseases.

Many different bacteria and viruses can lead to tonsillitis.

In addition, you can easily get infected from sick people. Therefore, the answer to the question "is contagious is tonsillitis" is affirmative.

  • Bacteria that most often cause tonsillitis are called streptococci. These bacteria can also cause sore throat without affecting the tonsils.
  • Without special tests, it is impossible to say what causes the disease, bacteria or viruses. Symptoms are the same.

Treatment

Surgical Antibiotics Drugs In Pregnancy In Children Folk Remedies

If you have one episode of tonsillitis, doctors call it acute tonsillitis. But if you regularly (five or more times per year) are sick with tonsillitis, this is a sign of chronic tonsillitis.

Symptoms of chronic tonsillitis occur in children more often than in adults. Girls can suffer from his relapses more often than boys.

Symptoms and signs of tonsillitis

Symptoms of tonsillitis include:

  • persistent sore throat;
  • redness of the glands and throat;
  • hoarseness;
  • difficulty of feeding (children);
  • pain when swallowing;
  • fever;
  • redness of the eyes;
  • headache, dizziness, weakness;
  • pain in the abdomen (due to swelling of the lymph nodes in the abdominal cavity);
  • cough;
  • coryza;
  • increased cervical lymph nodes;
  • white patches on the tonsils;
  • pain in the ear (from nerves that are in the back of the throat and go to the ear).

Less common signs of tonsillitis:

  • vomiting;
  • constipation;
  • "Fluffy" language (with a touch),
  • "Rotten" smell from the mouth;
  • problems with opening the mouth.

Bacterial, viral and purulent tonsillitis: causes

Acute bacterial and viral tonsillitis

How does bacterial tonsillitis occur?

Bacterial tonsillitis (photo above) can be caused by a variety of different bacteria, but most often its cause is group A streptococcus bacteria. Tonsillitis can be acute and chronic.

In the past, severe bacterial infections, such as diphtheria and rheumatic fever, were the trigger for the onset of the disease. Fortunately, these days this happens very rarely due to vaccination and improved treatment of these diseases.

  • Tonsillitis is transmitted in the same way as a cold and flu. It is contained in millions of tiny droplets, which when coughing or sneezing "come out" of the nose and mouth of the infected person. Other people inhale these drops and become infected.
  • You can get bacterial tonsillitis by touching the place where such a drop landed, and then touching your face.

How does viral tonsillitis occur?

Microorganisms that cause viral tonsillitis include:

  • rhinoviruses - viruses that cause colds;
  • influenza virus;
  • parainfluenza virus - causing laryngitis and croup;
  • enteroviruses - cause diseases of the hands, feet and mouth;
  • Adenovirus is a common cause of diarrhea;
  • measles virus.

It is important to know

In rare cases, viral tonsillitis can be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes inflammation of the glands. If so, the patient will probably feel very bad. During the medical examination, enlarged lymph nodes along the entire body and enlarged spleen will be revealed.

How does purulent tonsillitis occur?

Acute purulent tonsillitis is an acute non-specific inflammation of the palatine tonsils, often accompanied by pharyngitis. It is more common in children and adults under the age of 20 years. This disease requires compulsory treatment.

The main causes of purulent tonsillitis are:

  • beta-hemolytic streptococcus;
  • Pneumococcus;
  • a stick of influenza.

Pathogens are usually hidden in the tonsils and are activated when the human immunity is weakened by fatigue, cold or other causes. Then the pathogens quickly multiply and cause the disease.

Symptoms of purulent tonsillitis:

  • basically - a sore throat;
  • pain when swallowing, often with irradiation in the ear;
  • chills;
  • heat;
  • visible edema of the tonsils;
  • visually visible spots of pus.

This condition can often lead to an abscess of palatine tonsils.

Treatment of tonsillitis: bacterial tonsillitis and antibiotics

Antibacterial treatment of bacterial tonsillitisAntibiotics are used in the case of bacterial tonsillitis, whose treatment with their help is usually successful. But with viral illness, treatment with such drugs is useless.

The antibiotics of the penicillin group are most often prescribed. People who are allergic to penicillin can be treated with erythromycin. Reviews about erythromycin are pretty good, but you should not self-medicate. This drug should be taken only as directed by a doctor.

Treatment with oral antibiotics in duration takes 10 to 14 days.

  • Drugs containing antibiotics can be prescribed if the symptoms of tonsillitis become worse with time or the patient has a high temperature for a long time.
  • Studies have shown that treatment with antibiotics from tonsillitis can reduce the time of illness by about a day.
  • They also reduce the risk of complications, such as rheumatism, although complications in the treatment of viral and bacterial tonsillitis are rare in any case.
  • Diarrhea, skin rash or indigestion - frequent, but minor side effects of admission.

How to treat bacterial tonsillitis in addition to antibiotics

Home treatment

Home Treatment Folk remedies Sore Throat Inhalation Diet Propolis Chlorophyllipt Massage of tonsils Sea-buckthorn oil CollectionNo.37 Lugol

In addition to taking antibiotics, patients who want to know how to treat bacterial tonsillitis should provide their body with adequate sleep.

  • Patients should respond promptly to weather changes to maintain normal indoor humidity and prevent the body from subcooling.
  • Exercises that improve the body's ability to fight the disease are very useful in tonsillitis. But the degree of physical activity should be adjusted by the attending physician or the physiotherapist. Overstrain in tonsillitis is not the best help and so to the suffering organism.
  • Refrain from smoking during illness.
  • How to treat bacterial tonsillitis quickly and easily? Drink plenty of liquids (not alcohol) and eat semi-liquid foods at room temperature. Hot water or tea can temporarily increase unpleasant sensations in the throat.
  • Try to eat and drink regularly, even if your throat hurts. Hungry and dehydrated people experience symptoms such as headache and fatigue.

Viral tonsillitis and its treatment

If tonsillitis is caused by a virus, it is likely that the immune system will cope with it for several days.

At the same time, there are a number of things that you can do to help yourself or your child while treating viral tonsillitis.

  • With the help of paracetamol or ibuprofen, symptoms such as pain and fever can be alleviated. When taking medication, do not disregard the instructions on the package. Otherwise, you can incorrectly calculate the dose, then the remedy will not work or will have a strong side effect.
  • Patients with indigestion, stomach ulcers, kidney disease or asthma should not take ibuprofen.
  • If you are pregnant, give up ibuprofen and take only paracetamol in accordance with the instructions of a gynecologist or midwife.
  • Children under the age of 16 should not take aspirin.
  • Means such as lozenges and sprays (for example, Miramistin Spray) are often used in the treatment of viral tonsillitis, as gently soothe the unpleasant sensations in the throat.
  • Some people believe that gargling with a soft antiseptic solution can help alleviate sore throat, although there are no serious clinical studies regarding the effectiveness of the solution.

Than and how to treat tonsillitis in adults and children

How to treat tonsillitis in adults with surgeryIf you have repeated attacks of tonsillitis or it interferes with daily life, the doctor can suggest the removal of tonsils.

This will be done during an operation known as tonsillectomy.

Most often it is carried out in case of tonsillitis in children.

Many doctors believe that than to treat tonsillitis regularly, it is better to get rid of it once and for all.

  • Removal of the tonsils is carried out under general anesthesia, you will sleep during the procedure.
  • Your mouth will remain open so that the surgeon can see your tonsils.
  • The surgeon will use a special scissors to remove the tonsils and then apply the soluble sutures to the wound.

Preparations

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Than to treat a tonsillitis radically? Tonsillectomy is the answer to this question. This operation can be carried out in several ways:

  • With the help of surgical instruments. This is the most common method, in which a surgical blade is used to remove tonsils.
  • Diathermy. In this case, a probe is used that creates heat from the electric current to destroy tissue around the tonsils and remove the tonsils themselves. At the same time, heat seals the blood vessels and stops bleeding.
  • "Cold" ablation. The method operates on the same principle as the previous one, but uses a lower temperature (60 ° C). It is considered less painful than diathermy.

How to treat tonsillitis in adults: recovery after tonsillectomy

For those who suffer from tonsillitis and are interested in how to treat tonsillitis in adults once and for all, the answer is one - the removal of tonsils.

  • On average, after the operation, recovery takes 5 to 7 days. You may feel uncomfortable for up to two weeks after the operation.
  • People who have undergone tonsillectomy should refrain from attending work for two weeks. This will reduce the chance to "pick up" the infection from a sick colleague.
  • Speaking about how to treat tonsillitis in adults, we can not fail to mention that after tonzlelektomii need to drink a lot liquid, but avoid acidic drinks such as orange juice, as they will "sting" the unhealed throat.
  • It is important after removing the glands to brush your teeth regularly, it helps fight infection in the oral cavity.
  • Pain sensations usually occur within the first week after the operation and gradually disappear for the second week. Pain in the ear is a side effect of tonsillectomy and does not give cause for concern.

It is worth noting

After the tonsils have been removed, a white coating appears in the throat. Once the throat is completely healed, it will gradually disappear. This process will take about two weeks.

Than to treat tonsillitis in a small child

Sore throat is a classic symptom of tonsillitis, but it may be difficult for parents to understand that the child has a sore throat if he can not speak yet. Watch for a decrease in appetite and saliva. Sometimes a child with tonsillitis may experience excessive salivation, because it hurts to swallow.

Than to treat a tonsillitis at the child till two years? The best treatment is symptomatic help.

  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve pain and fever.
  • Offer the baby soft foods, such as bananas or pudding, and exclude from his diet tough foods such as toast.
  • Encourage fluid intake. With tonsillitis, the organism of babies can easily become dehydrated, because they do not want to drink, if swallowing causes them discomfort. Let them drink gradually, but often. Soup, ice cream and fruit ice cream are also counted as liquids.

Talking about how to treat tonsillitis in a child, it is important to say and about what to treat is not worth it. Antibiotics are usually not prescribed in the treatment of tonsillitis, because these drugs treat bacteria, and most cases of tonsillitis are caused by the virus.

gajmorit.com

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