Arthritis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment

Content

  • 1Arthritis of the elbow joint: causes and symptoms, medicamentous and auxiliary treatment, traditional medicine
    • 1.1Main symptoms
    • 1.2Diagnosis of ulnar arthritis
    • 1.3Treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint
    • 1.4Medication Therapy
    • 1.5Physiotherapy and massage
    • 1.6Physiotherapy
    • 1.7ethnoscience
  • 2Arthritis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment, prevention
    • 2.1What is arthritis of the elbow joint?
    • 2.2Anatomy of the elbow joint
    • 2.3Causes of the pathology of the joints of the hands
    • 2.4Symptoms of arthritis of the ulnar zone
    • 2.5Diagnosis of the disease
    • 2.6Treatment of arthrosis of the elbow
    • 2.7Medication Therapy
    • 2.8Physiotherapeutic procedures, exercise therapy and special massage
    • 2.9Folk remedies
    • 2.10Surgery
    • 2.11Prevention of disease
  • 3Symptoms and treatment of elbow arthritis
    • 3.1Causes of ulnar arthritis
    • 3.2Symptoms of Arthritis
    • 3.3Treatment of ulnar arthritis
    • 3.4Operative intervention
  • 4Symptoms and signs of elbow arthritis
    • 4.1Causes
    • 4.2Symptoms
    • 4.3Diagnostics
    • 4.4Treatment
  • 5Arthritis of the elbow joint: photos, symptoms and treatment
    • 5.1Why arthritis of the elbow appears
    • 5.2Symptoms of arthritis of the elbow joint
    • 5.3Diagnostic measures
    • 5.4Treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint
    • 5.5Treatment with folk remedies

Arthritis of the elbow joint: causes and symptoms, medicamentous and auxiliary treatment, traditional medicine

The ulnar arthritis refers to the deforming pathologies of the articular tissue and is characterized by the fact that inflammation develops in the synovial membrane of the elbow joint. It is quite common not only in the elderly, but also in young people.

Because arthritis tends to spread rapidly to other joints, the first symptoms of inflammation of the elbow joint tissue should immediately consult a doctor.

Having ascertained the cause of the disease and conducting the diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe the correct treatment, which should be comprehensive.

The elbow joint is formed by the ulnar, radial and humerus bones, which makes it a rather complex articulation of the body.

The joint is protected by a special capsule with a special fluid and strengthened by a ligamentous apparatus. In arthritis, the articular bag or cartilage becomes inflamed.

The mainthe causes of inflammation are:

  1. Contusions. After trauma, internal hematoma can form, which will interfere with blood circulation. As a result, over time, it rot, the pathogenic bacteria begin to develop, and the joint becomes inflamed.
  2. Infections. Osteomyelitis and insufficiently processed open wounds contribute to the introduction of the infection into the blood and lymph, which quickly spread it through the body, as a result of which the joint fluid is affected.
  3. Specific infectious diseases. Tuberculosis of bones, typhoid, gonorrhea, scarlet fever may be the cause of infectious ulnar arthritis. Incorrect treatment of the listed diseases and low immunity aggravate the patient's condition.
  4. Nonspecific pathogens. Staphylococci, streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other bacteria can trigger the onset of arthritis. They are dangerous also because one joint does not restrict inflammation, but also affects nearby tissues. As a result, the whole arm hurts and swells.
  5. Rheumatism. Chronic rheumatism in most cases leads to arthritis, which develops on both elbows of the hands. More often from such pathology elderly people suffer.
  6. Autoimmune diseases, gout, psoriasis. Ulnar arthritis can develop in the late stages of these diseases. In this case, inflammation begins gradually, without pronounced symptoms.

Main symptoms

The ulnar arthritis can bedistinguished by the following features:

  1. Pain in the elbow when limb moves.
  2. Painful palpation of the joint.
  3. Morning stiffness in the joint, which can last from a few minutes to several hours and be of varying severity.
  4. Expressed pain in the morning.
  5. Change the configuration of the joint.
  6. Redness of the skin in the elbow area.
  7. The elbow joint is hot to the touch, enlarged and swollen.
  8. Reduced the volume of active movements in the joint.

The duration and severity of pain depends on the cause of the pathology. If arthritis is caused by gout, the pain will be aching and blunt. When rheumatic lesions appear acute andvery intense pain, in which you can not even move your hand.

Since arthritis affects the nearby nerves, the patient develops neuritis. The pathology is manifested by sharp painful sensations at extension and flexion of the arm, and also when it is stretched.

In addition to local symptoms, the patient has ulnar arthritis and general changes in the body. Quite often, there is general weakness, fever, headache, malaise. Sometimes there may be nausea and vomiting.

Diagnosis of ulnar arthritis

Only a specialist of a medical institution on the basis of the diagnosed diagnosis can prescribe the appropriate treatment for an inflamed joint. Therefore, with the first symptoms of ulnar arthritis, to which thePuffiness, redness and pain in the elbow, you need to see a doctor.

Diagnosis of pathology begins with a patient's interview and external examination of the affected area. Already on the basis of local manifestations, the doctor can diagnose. To determine the degree of inflammation, X-rays of the elbow joint are performed and the general blood test is examined.

With arthritis of the elbow joint, a puncture is almost always done with a diagnostic purpose.

The taken liquid is evaluated externally and its seeding is carried out on nutrient media.

Currently, there are more modern methods of research, which include magnetic resonance and computed tomography.

Treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint

Treatment of arthritis is a rather complicated and long process, therefore it is necessary to approach it with all responsibility.Therapy should be comprehensiveand consist of the following stages:

  • drug therapy;
  • Exercise therapy and massages;
  • physiotherapy;
  • use of folk remedies;
  • in very severe cases, surgical intervention is possible.

Medication Therapy

First of all, the treatment should be aimed at alleviating the symptoms and relieving the inflammation.

To reduce the pain, a special bandage or orthopedic aids in the form of elbow pads or bandages are put on hand.

At the same time, they are prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

As an analgesic, the doctor can prescribe:

  • Ibuprofen;
  • Tramadol;
  • Methadone;
  • Oxycodone;
  • Tylenol;
  • Capsaicin;
  • Analgin;
  • Paracetamol;
  • Acetaminophen.

To relieve inflammation,Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed:

  • Indomethacin;
  • Nimesil;
  • Celebrex;
  • Poroxicam;
  • Meloksikam or Movalis;
  • Nimesulide;
  • Acetylsalicylic acid.

If the above drugs do not help, the patientprescribed steroid hormones:

  • Detraleks;
  • Kenalog;
  • Triamcinoline;
  • Prednisolone;
  • Hydrocortisone.

To restore the cartilaginous tissue of the joint, chondoprotectors are appointed, which accelerate the regeneration of cells. They are accepted by long courses, even if the basic treatment is already completed.The chondoprotectors include:

  • Arthra;
  • Structum;
  • Chondrolon;
  • Glucosamine;
  • Hondoitin sulfate.

If there is pus in the joint, then the contents are opened and deleted. The affected area is treated with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Infectious diseases arthritis of the elbow jointadditionally treated with antibiotics, antitoxic agents and immunostimulants.

Medications for the treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint are usually prescribed in different forms of release, so that the treatment was both general and local. It can be:

  • solutions for lotions in the form of Dimexin;
  • ointments Menovazine, Nicoflex, Bishofit;
  • various painkillers and anti-inflammatory creams and gels;
  • solutions for intraarticular and intramuscular injections;
  • pills.

Since the ingested drugs overload the gastrointestinal tract, simultaneously with them prescribe the digestive tract and diet.

Very well help to cope with the inflammatory process of the ointment. Theywarm up the affected area, due to which the flow of blood to it increases.

Especially effective ointments for post-traumatic diseases. With restriction of movement in the joint, ointments with preparations of NSAIDs, bee or snake venom are very effective.

Physiotherapy and massage

An important role in the treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint is physiotherapy and massage. They very well help after relieving the exacerbation of medications, and are appointed during the recovery period.

Physiotherapy includes treatment with paraffin and ozocerite, magnetotherapy, phonophoresis, amplipus, electroprocedures, mud therapy, dimexin applications, diathermy. Suchprocedures help:

  1. Reduce the pain.
  2. Improve local blood circulation.
  3. Reduce the inflammatory process.
  4. Helps reduce edema.
  5. Accelerate the restoration of the function of the hand.
  6. Warn contracture of the joint and muscle atrophy.

However, physiotherapy can not always be used. It is contraindicated in the phase of exacerbation of arthritis, with pregnancy and a tendency to bleeding, with increased blood pressure and in childhood. Also contraindication is arthritis caused by tuberculosis and oncology.

Very effective in inflammation of the elbow jointmassages. Their role is as follows:

  1. Reduction of edema of soft tissues.
  2. Improvement of venous outflow.
  3. Increase in the amplitude of active movements.
  4. Increased muscle tone of the hand.
  5. Improvement in the joint of metabolic processes.
  6. Reduction of stagnant phenomena in soft tissues.
  7. Improvement in the upper extremity of blood and lymph circulation.

The massage technique includes gentle stroking movements with the use of various ointments and gels.

Physiotherapy

Gymnastics is one of the mandatory conditions for the treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint. It is assignedafter the end of the inflammatory processand stabilization of the patient's condition.

To develop a hand movement, physical education begins with small oscillatory movements of the upper limb with a gradual increase in amplitude. Very effective exercises in the pool. Motion, strength and aerobic exercises can also be prescribed.

In any case, treatment with physiotherapy exercises should be conducted under the supervision of a specialist.

ethnoscience

A good auxiliary and preventive means for arthritis are folk techniques.

Successfully fight with pain in the elbow you canwith the help of table salt.

One spoon of salt is dissolved in a glass of water, poured into molds and put in a freezer for freezing. Ice cubes are applied to the sore spot.

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As soon as they melt and the skin dries, the affected area turns into a warm cloth for three hours.

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With severe inflammation, you can take cowberry infusion. For its preparation, several spoons of cranberry leaves are poured into a glass of boiling water. After two hours, the solution is taken two tablespoons before meals.

For the preparation of grits, you can use dried sunflower baskets.

200 grams of raw material is poured into one liter of vodka, 20 g of grated baby soap is added to the mixture and everything is mixed well.

Thenthe flour is infused for 10 days, filtered and used to treat arthritis.

Effectively relieve inflammation, and ease the condition of a sick bath based on fresh branches of spruce or pine. Prepared branches should be filled with 3 liters of boiling water and let it brew.

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The resulting broth is poured into a bath of water, the temperature of which should be at least 37C. The procedure should last for 30 minutes, during which the necessary water temperature should be maintained.

After taking a bath, the affected area is insulated. The course of treatment should consist of 7 procedures.

Because arthritis of the elbow joint cancause movement limitationsand, as a result, a person's disability, the first symptoms should be addressed to a doctor.

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Secure yourself from this pathology with proper nutrition and gymnastics. Physical loads, however, should not be abused.

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Everything should be in moderation, in accordance with the general state and age.

A source: http://artrit.guru/bolezni-spiny-i-sustavov/artrit/artrit-loktevogo-sustava-simptomy-i-lechenie.html

Arthritis of the elbow joint: symptoms and treatment, prevention

An alarm symptom is pain in the joints of the hands, especially the elbow joint. According to statistics, pain in the ulnar region occupies 55% of the total number of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.

In specialized medical institutions, patients seek help almost in the last stage, when the joint structure undergoes pathological changes in the anatomical structure, that is, an increase in size due to swelling and restriction movement. What could it be? This pathology is an inflammation of the elbow joint accompanied by complications in the form of infection and destruction. To avoid such problems, one must know everything about arthritis of the elbow joint symptoms and treatment.

What is arthritis of the elbow joint?

Arthritis of the elbow joint is characterized by inflammatory-destructive changes in the construction of the elbow joint, namely: bones, cartilaginous tissue, capsule, ligaments and muscle tissue.

The pathological symptom complex consists of specific reactions like pain of varying degrees, puffiness and stiffness of the motor function depending on the degree of involvement of the joint components.

The patient can not bend and unbend his arm (or both arms in the event of a bilateral defeat) and is not able to lift the lightest objects.

With this disease, patients try to spare the sick body and give it a certain position.

Anatomy of the elbow joint

The structure of the elbow joint, biomechanically very complex, but due to this upper limbs have high mechanical stability and mobility.

The joint of the ulnar, humerus and radius bone is fastened by means of three joints, namely, the radial, pleural and brachial.

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The ligament system and the capsule with synovial fluid protect the bone and cartilage system from mechanical abrasion and trauma during movements.

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In case of injuries, the treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint begins only after an instrumental examination of the intraarticular space and its components.

A solid layer of cartilaginous and connective tissue, helps in amortization of bones, as well as in the stabilization of all structural components. Anatomical details are firmly strengthened among themselves. All three elbow joints have one capsule.

If one of them is damaged, the others suffer, or rather become involved in an inflammatory or destructive process. Therefore purulent arthritis of the elbow joint or arthritis of another etiology involves all three bones and joints in the process, which completely complicates the function of the limbs.

The same situation occurs with mechanical injuries of the elbow.

Causes of the pathology of the joints of the hands

The factors causing the inflammatory-destructive process in the elbow joint are divided into two groups: endogenous and exogenous. Plus, they add a number of other causes of unclear etiology, they are called idiopathic.

The causes of endogenous origin are:

  • hereditary factor;
  • change in the metabolism, in the direction of strengthening or lowering;
  • endocrine diseases (toxic goiter);
  • diseases of the central nervous system;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • post-traumatic arthritis of the elbow joint;
  • Malignant formation in the bones, cartilage tissue or metastasis of the cancer of other organs and systems;
  • infectious diseases of the digestive tract (hepatitis, the second and third stage of diabetes, blood diseases, cholecystitis, pancreatitis) and respiratory systems (bronchoectatic disease, tuberculosis, sycosis and bronchial asthma);
  • post operational complications;
  • leaching calcium from bone tissue;
  • infection of blood with infectious agents;
  • allergic reaction (reactive arthritis of the elbow joint);
  • pathology of development of cartilage and bone tissue;
  • Cerebral palsy;
  • connective tissue diseases (for this reason, rheumatoid arthritis of the elbow joint arises);
  • ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke;
  • kidney disease (chronic pyelonephritis, urolithiasis and kidney failure);
  • complication after suffering venereal diseases like syphilis and gonorrhea.

List of factors of exogenous nature:

  1. mechanical effects on the elbow (stroke, contusion, contusion or compression);
  2. general poisoning of the organism with poisons, acids, gases, alkalis;
  3. increased radiation background (radiation sickness).

All factors belong to a group of causes; arthritis of the elbow joint, mcb 10 (international classification of diseases 10 revision).

According to the form of manifestation, the inflammation of the elbow joint is divided into: acute and chronic form.

Depending on the type of disease divided: infected (purulent), uninfected (serous) and destructive type.

At the developmental stage, the inflammation of the elbow is divided into the first, second and third degrees.

Symptoms of arthritis of the ulnar zone

Symptomatic signs of arthritis of the elbow joint or inflammation of the elbow are divided into two groups: local type and general nature.

The local picture is pain syndrome of varying intensity (from aching, to acutely pulsating and unbearable pain), puffiness (minor, medium and large sizes), redness of the skin around the affected elbow and restriction movement.

Arthritis of the elbow joint, symptoms of a general nature: in the second and third stage of arthrosis, general weakness, migraine, nausea, a decrease in appetite, an increase in temperature to 39-40 degrees with pronounced lability (especially at night) and pain radiating to the shoulder and shoulder blade. High temperature causes an increased level of sweating, a gag reflex, and not infrequently - confusion.

Elbow pain is one of the most important symptoms. Its intensity depends on the degree of organ damage, as well as on the factor causing arthritis.

The latter includes connective tissue disease (arthritis of rheumatoid origin) and is expressed symptomatically in caressive pain and stopping articular movement, gouty arthrosis is characterized by aching pains, and the usual arthrosis is expressed in gradually increasing pain, swelling and body temperature. Synovial fluid accumulates in the bag and surrounding tissues. In the infectious and inflammatory process involved articular cartilage, bag, ligaments and muscles. This symptomatic picture applies to arthrosis of arthritis of the elbow joint with elements of destruction.

Diagnosis of the disease

Diagnosis refers to complaints from the patient regarding pain and swelling. At visual inspection, the swelling of the joint zone with reddening of the skin is visible. The results of palpation: tenderness, tension of the tissues surrounding the elbow and the detection of fluid accumulation.

There are special diagnostic techniques or symptoms that allow you to correctly diagnose the disease, namely:

  1. Reception Thompson: the hand should flex to the rear, if it quickly takes a palm position due to unbearable pain, then there are clear signs of inflammation in the elbow joint.
  2. Reception of Velta: synchronous bending of both hands. If one hand is late in committing this movement, and its cause in a painful sensation is a clear result of a joint pathology of an inflammatory nature.

Radiography in two projections and puncture of the patient joint, in case of puffiness, are mandatory items for instrumental examination of patients. X-ray images are sufficient to detect the first degree of the disease as acute elbow arthritis.

Further MRI and ultrasound are performed at the second and third degree of the disease, these procedures are appointed by the doctor. The final diagnosis of arthritis of the elbow joint is a diagnosis based on computed tomography.

This method will indicate the exact focus of the infection and the extent of the lesion.

Treatment of arthrosis of the elbow

The effectiveness of therapeutic therapy depends on the complete restoration of the physiological function of the diseased limb. How to treat arthritis of the elbow joint correctly? The most optimal treatment regimen includes the following steps:

  • conservative treatment, consisting of medicinal preparations, physiotherapy, exercise therapy, special massage and auxiliary folk remedies;
  • surgical intervention.

Medication Therapy

In acute form, analgesics and antibiotics are prescribed, as well as one of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Plus, the limb must be immobilized, giving the joint a complete rest.

This manipulation will lower the pain barrier. At the second degree, one of the preparations Analgin, Barralgin or Ketanov, as well as Diclofenac Sodium or Dicloberte, is prescribed.

It is better to prescribe these drugs in an injectable form.

If the pathology is accompanied by a temperature, detoxification drip therapy, one broad-spectrum antibiotic (Lincomycin in injections) and B vitamins are prescribed. As an antioxidant, vitamin C is prescribed.

Arthritis of an allergenic origin must necessarily have a desensitizing drug in the list of the therapeutic regimen such as: Dimedrol, Suprastin, or Tavegil. In severe forms, Dexamethasone or Prednisolone is prescribed.

Injections with such drugs are performed inside the joint.

Locally appointed ointments, gels and lotions. Gel or ointment for arthritis of the elbow joint, especially when treating the first and second degree of arthritis, are effective means for eliminating pain and swelling.

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You can choose one of the drugs based on non-steroid substances, namely Indomethacin, Diclofenac or Piroxicam. Gels are rapidly absorbed into the skin, their effect is higher than that of ointments. Plus, the concentration of the active medication is greater in gels.

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To restore cartilaginous tissue chondroprotectors - chondroxide or chondrolon are appointed.

Physiotherapeutic procedures, exercise therapy and special massage

Physiotherapeutic procedures in the form of electrophoresis from lotions based on nonsteroidal drugs and UHF eliminate inflammation and improve blood circulation.

The latter, enhances the metabolism and regeneration of the affected tissues. In addition to these methods, phonophoresis, magnetotherapy, and amplipus are prescribed for medical reasons. Mud treatment, ozocerite and paraffin also help.

All of the above is performed only after the inflammatory process has been eliminated.

LFK for arthritis of the elbow joint is a necessary procedure for restoring functions. Through special exercises, the hand, during the recovery period, is subjected to stress. A variety of rotational, flexural and extensor movements leads the body into a normal channel.

Exercises for arthritis of the elbow joint begins from sparing physical exercises, smoothly turning into volumetric movements with increasing physical exertion. Moderate exercises lead to increased tissue metabolism, eliminating inflammation and restoring lost biomechanics.

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Recommended gymnastics for arthritis of the elbow joint will strengthen the aching muscles and ligaments of the joints of the hands. Massage procedures passively help the articular components to acquire the former strength.

Exercises for elbow joints with rheumatoid arthritis are no different from those listed, but they must be performed continuously and under the supervision of a doctor.

Physiotherapy, massage and exercise are prescribed during the rehabilitation period after the surgery.

Folk remedies

Since time immemorial, folk remedies for arthritis of the elbow joint have helped people get rid of such a disease, and the strangest thing is that they have eliminated the disease partially or completely.

At the same time, the simplest ingredients like garlic, apple cider vinegar and horseradish, as well as honey with cinnamon, iodine nets and propolis tincture have been used and are still used.

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Sea salt takes first place in the therapy of arthritis of the elbow joint. Treatment with folk remedies is used in conjunction with drug therapy.

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These funds refer to auxiliary methods of treatment, in the singular they only extinguish the acute phase of the disease, which smoothly passes into a chronic form.

Surgery

In the case of the attachment of infectious agents and the growth of edema of the elbow joint, puncture or surgery is recommended.

Excessive formation of synovial fluid is withdrawn pinching, and more complicated cases are treated promptly.

During the operation, all necrotic tissues are removed, the joint is cleared from pus and destructive elements. Next, drug treatment and joint plastic surgery are performed.

Prevention of disease

Prevention of this pathology of the elbow consists of several rules, namely:

  • Moderate physical exertion on the joints of the hands.
  • Constant occupation of physical culture.
  • Massage of hands.
  • Correct and adequate nutrition.
  • Exclusion of alcoholic beverages, coffee, strong tea and quitting.
  • Restoration of the hormonal background: for women - estrogens, for men - androgens.

The last point is more relevant to people with age-related changes, as the lack of sex hormones leads to the washing away of calcium and cartilaginous tissue, which lead to arthritis and arthrosis.

Infectious inflammatory process in the elbow joint is a serious problem for human health.

If you do not apply on time for specialized care, the disease will become chronic, which promotes the development of ankylosis of the joint.

At the first symptoms it is strongly recommended to contact traumatologists or surgeons. Timely treatment will save you from disability!

A source: http://zdorovue-systavi.ru/artrit/loktevogo-sustava-simptomy-lechenie/

Symptoms and treatment of elbow arthritis

The word "arthritis" is of Latin origin and means "aches in the joints". Its manifestation is often not an independent disease.

This is a collective designation of any lesions that can occur with joints.

Can be positioned as a major disease, one of them - spondylitis, or manifest as a consequence of another disease, for example, rheumatism.

Causes of ulnar arthritis

Manifestations of diseases in each case are individual. Arthritis of the elbow joint may occur due to one or several of the following reasons:

Psoriasis can provoke psoriatic arthritis

  • infection of joint tissues with viruses, fungi or bacteria leads to infectious arthritis;
  • food poisoning can cause eteroarthritis;
  • one of the types of skin diseases - psoriasis can provoke psoriatic arthritis;
  • getting a trauma (fracture, dislocation, bruise, frostbite or burn) subsequently often leads to traumatic arthritis;
  • various autoimmune diseases cause destruction of the joint tissues by the immune system;
  • such diseases as syphilis or rheumatism, are accompanied by damage to connective tissues;
  • a metabolic disorder in the body leads to gout;
  • infection of the respiratory tract, diseases of the genitourinary system can provoke reactive arthritis;
  • the consequence of an unclear etiology is idiopathic arthritis.

Modern medicine has more than a hundred factors, because of which it is possible to develop pathologies leading to arthritis. Symptoms of many of them are the same. Until now, the causes of many types of this disease have not been fully determined. The disease can be either primary or secondary. For example, a purulent manifestation of pathology is possible because of direct infection when getting injured. This is the primary form. If the disease develops due to a virus or streptococcus from neighboring tissues, then this is secondary purulent arthritis.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The primary symptoms in arthritis are the appearance of pain and stiffness of joint movement, while the temperature in the articulation area, and sometimes, in advanced cases, and the entire body increases.

With such manifestations, the best solution is to seek medical help immediately.

If you conduct a timely diagnosis of the disease, without waiting for a full clinical picture, treatment is faster and better.

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Other symptoms of the disease are as follows:

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  1. Swelling of tissues. It can be expressed as a weak puffiness, which is poorly defined by the touch or a pronounced increase in the joint size.
  2. General weakness and malaise. Often accompanied by an increase in temperature.
  3. Lack of appetite, headaches, and nausea or vomiting. Such symptoms manifest themselves in varying degrees. It depends on the cause of the inflammatory pathology.

Pain sensations appear depending on the processes that cause them.

In the case of rheumatism, the pain is severe and sharp, and with gout - dull and aching.

With the infectious, purulent nature of the disease, the symptoms are most pronounced. There is a strong edema, the skin in the affected area becomes hot and red.

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Any movement of the joint leads to sharp and severe pain. The disease can occur due to a common infection of the body - sepsis.

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In such cases, accumulations of pus can be found in other joints or places.

Treatment of ulnar arthritis

To treat arthritis of the elbow joint is necessary in a complex. Only in this case the procedure will bring the maximum effect. The necessary components for this are as follows:

  • medicamentous treatment includes intraarticular injections, droppers and blockades;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage and self-massage;
  • regenerative gymnastics.

What methods to perform a patient's treatment can only be done by a specialist on the basis of a survey.

In this case, the patient himself must take into account that for the period of the course, any load is completely counter-indicative. For the treatment to be effective, the patient's elbow joint should be constantly at rest.

The course is made depending on the stage of development and type of illness, age and sex of the patient, as well as the characteristics of his body.

The conservative method is most often used. The inflammatory process is removed by anti-inflammatory drugs of non-steroid type.

Drugs that are treated can be in various forms - in the form of tablets, gels, ointments or creams, as well as solutions for intraarticular or intramuscular injections and lotions.

To remove allergic manifestations can be used antihistamines

To remove allergic manifestations can be used antihistamines of a new generation. If necessary, the use of hormonal drugs and antibiotics.

In this case, the main goal of the course of treatment is the effect on the disease, which became the cause of the inflammatory process in the elbow joint. Such drugs may have certain side effects affecting the stomach and other organs.

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In this regard, treatment involves diet and the use of drugs to maintain the digestive process or in order to remove side effects.

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Only after elimination of painful manifestations is it possible to switch to physical therapy and use of physiotherapy combined with massage. Treatment with these methods is required to prevent muscle atrophy.

Operative intervention

The use of surgery is required to achieve the following objectives:

  • the need to remove the processes from the surface of the bone;
  • replacement of the implant part of the joint;
  • removal of fibrous adhesions, synovial fluid, or part of the lining of the cavity;
  • complete replacement of the joint in the presence of serious indications.

The recovery process can take a long time. For example, with tuberculosis lesions, the synovial bag is excised. The shell is restored with time. In this case, the elbow joint will be able to work, as before. However, this requires a long period.

Recipes of traditional medicine can help during the course of both treatment and rehabilitation.

However, this method should be used in case of accurate knowledge of the diagnosis.

Such recipes include the imposition of compresses, the reception of broths or tinctures, the grinding of home-made ointments.

In cases when timely conservative treatment has not been performed, it is possible to develop irreversible pathologies in the hand. This leads to unpleasant complications and further disability.

  • All means have been tried, and nothing has helped?
  • Are you in constant pain?
  • And now you are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that will give you the long-awaited well-being!

A source: http://lechuspinu.ru/artrit/artrit-loktevogo-sustava-simptomy-i-lechenie.html

Symptoms and signs of elbow arthritis

The elbow joint is formed by 3 bones - the elbow, the radial and the humerus.

In its structure it is a complex articulation of bones, consisting of 3 simple joints - the brachial, brachial and radicular.

This joint is protected by a capsule with articular (synovial) fluid and strengthened by a ligamentous apparatus.

Arthritis is a common name for inflammatory diseases of one or another joint.

Most often, arthritis involves an acute inflammatory process in the articular cartilage and capsule without gross structural changes in the joint.

This arthritis differs from arthrosis - chronic degenerative-dystrophic joint damage with its anatomical changes. Arthritis can affect almost any joint, including ulnar.

Causes

The main etiological factors leading to arthritis of the elbow joint

  • Systemic diseases of connective tissue - rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other diseases, united in a group of so-called collagenoses.
  • Metabolic disorders - gout, diabetes mellitus
  • Sepsis
  • Respiratory tract infections, digestive and urogenital diseases, leading to reactive arthritis
  • Injuries of the elbow joint - fractures, dislocations, tendon ruptures
  • Tuberculosis and syphilis
  • Malignant tumors
  • Unclear etiology (idiopathic arthritis).

Symptoms

If the elbow joint is affected, local and common manifestations are noted. Local symptoms of arthritis of the elbow joint are universal and include:

  • Pain in the joint
  • Swelling of soft tissues in the joint region
  • Redness of the skin in the projection of the joint
  • Local fever (the skin above the joint is hotter than in neighboring areas)
  • Reduction of the volume of movements in the joint.
You will be interested in:Inflammation of the elbow joint

The leading symptom is pain in the elbow. The nature of pain and its intensity depend on the cause of arthritis. In rheumatic processes, pain is sharp, intense, and constricting movements.

With gouty arthritis, she is on the contrary, dull, aching. Pain, redness and swelling due to the accumulation of excess articular fluid in the joint capsule, inflammation of the articular cartilage.

In addition to local, there are also common signs of arthritis of the elbow joint.

As a rule, it is general weakness and malaise, fever (fever), headache, nausea and vomiting. There are also specific manifestations.

For example, with tuberculosis - it hemoptysis, with sepsis - the presence of purulent foci in other areas, with tumors - a general depletion.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of ulnar arthritis includes examining, questioning the patient and conducting special diagnostic methods.

More often the diagnosis can be put already on the basis of a characteristic clinical picture with presence of the above-stated signs.

To determine the degree of inflammation, a general clinical blood test and specific laboratory tests are performed. Obligatory is the radiography of the elbow joint.

Puncture (puncture) of the synovial membrane of the elbow joint is carried out with both therapeutic and diagnostic purposes.

The appearance of the removed liquid is evaluated, and then it is sown to nutrient media.

Along with radiography, you can resort to more "advanced" methods - computer and magnetic resonance imaging. When reactive arthritis is required to diagnose the underlying disease.

Treatment

We advise you to read:
Medial epicondylitis of the elbow joint

Treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint implies:

  • Medication Therapy
  • Physiotherapeutic procedures
  • Massage and physiotherapy exercises
  • Surgery.

Pain and inflammation of the joints is eliminated by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These drugs are used both in the form of tablets (all known acetylsalicylic acid), and in combination, in injections and ointments.

A typical example is diclofenac in tablets, injections and in the form of Diclac gel. Nimesil, piroxicam, indomethacin are also used.

Virtually all drugs in this group have a negative effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and liver function.

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Steroid hormones (prednisolone, hydrocortisone, detraleks) also relieve inflammation. These drugs are used mainly in tablets and ointments. A Kenalog and hydrocortisone is injected directly into the elbow joint.

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Along with NSAIDs, they use means to restore cartilaginous tissue (chondroprotectors). As a rule, it is chondroitin sulfate in combination with glucosamine. Use and other drugs - structum, chondrolon, artra.

Such agents as bischofite, dimexide, nicoflex, menovazine when applied to the skin in the projection of the joint have an irritating effect, and thereby reflexively enhance blood circulation and metabolic processes in sick joint.

Fizprotsedury apply only after relieving exacerbation of medicines. Assign magnetotherapy, amplipulse, phonophoresis, treatment with paraffin and ozocerite.

In addition to the acute phase, a contraindication to physiotherapy is tuberculosis or tumor arthritis, a tendency to bleeding, pregnancy, children's age, high blood pressure pressure.

The same restrictions for massage and exercise therapy. In the beginning, in the acute phase of ulnar inflammation the joint is generally immobilized (immobilized).

In the future, as the process calms down, the elbow joint is subjected to physical stresses, first sparing, and subsequently with an expansion of the volume of movements and performed functions.

In this case, not only the inflammation is eliminated, but partially atrophied muscles and ligamentous apparatus are strengthened. Massage fixes the effect of drug treatment, physical therapy and exercise therapy.

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All these methods of treatment will not be effective if the fluid accumulated in the joint cavity is not removed in time. Excess of this fluid was formed due to inflammation of the joint membrane.

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Removal of the liquid facilitates the physiological unloading of the affected elbow joint. This manipulation, as well as intra-articular drug administration, is performed by a surgeon in a hospital.

In order for this and other methods of treating inflammation of the elbow joint to be effective, the patient should seek medical help in a timely manner.

A source: http://MoyaSpina.ru/artrit-loktevogo-sustava-simptomy-i-priznaki-zabolevaniya

Arthritis of the elbow joint: photos, symptoms and treatment

Pain in the elbow can cause arthritis of the elbow joint, a disease that is an inflammation in the lining joint of the synovium.

Monoarthritis is a local inflammation of the elbow joint, as in the photo, is rare.

It often occurs together with the inflammatory process in other joints, it is about:

  • wrist-restrained,
  • knee,
  • hip,
  • the shoulder joint.

Why arthritis of the elbow appears

Inflammation of the elbow, as with another form of arthritis, may appear due to:

  1. malfunctions in the immune system,
  2. infections,
  3. metabolic disorders.

The most likely cause of ulnar monoarthritis is infectious lesions.

Infection penetrates into the joint through infected wounds, purulent foci in the soft tissues of the lower limbs or in the focus of osteomyelitis, that is, purulent-inflammatory bone disease. Infection can also be directly infected with open trauma.

Due to damage due to contusion of the periarticular tissues, blood can enter the joint cavity, thus, there will be hemarthrosis - the accumulation of blood inside the joint.

Infection can spread through lymph and blood in various specific or nonspecific infectious diseases. With specific infections, a diagnosis can be made and named causative agent, based on the nature of the course of the disease, with nonspecific it is impossible to do.

Arthritis of the elbow joint is a complication due to the following diseases:

  • tuberculosis,
  • typhus,
  • diphtheria,
  • scarlet fever,
  • gonorrhea.

Tuberculosis lesions of the elbow often occur in children, it is very common among artists, which is due to the presence of specific infections.

There are the following pathogens of nonspecific infectious processes:

  • Staphylococcus aureus,
  • streptococcus,
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa,
  • Pneumococcus.

Since the capsule of the elbow joint is weak enough, purulent inflammation can quickly develop and in adjacent to the joint soft tissues, taking the character of phlegmon, that is purulent diffuse inflammation with blurred borders.

Arthritis of the elbow joint is not a characteristic feature, and appears only in the late stages of such diseases:

Symptoms of arthritis of the elbow joint

In the arthritis of the elbow, the ulnar, brachial and radial bones suffer. In one capsule, in fact 3 joints are combined, they allow the arm to move around the vertical axis and in the frontal plane.

Podsihozhilnye bags and twists, formed synovial membrane, are located almost under the skin. The ulnar, radial and median nerves pass in this area in the musculoskeletal channels, they adjoin directly to the joint capsule.

Certain anatomical features determine the main symptoms of arthritis of the elbow joint. Local symptoms are always pronounced, as a rule, it is so obvious that with diagnostics of the disease there are no problems.

In the area of ​​inflammation, there is swelling, as well as swelling over the pockets and twists of the synovial membrane. When palpation of these areas, oscillation of the fluid is felt, which is produced by the synovial membrane during inflammation.

The joint capsule is enlarged due to swelling and accumulation of fluid in it. This leads to compression of the nerves, so inflammation in this area always causes severe pain.

Often the ulnar, median and radial nerves begin to be involved in the inflammatory process, which leads to the appearance of neuritis. In these cases, the symptoms of nerve inflammation are part of the overall picture of arthritis.

Usually, the disease accompanies the symptoms of acute intoxication:

  • pain,
  • fever,
  • weakness,
  • loss of appetite.

Diagnostic measures

To specify the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes such procedures:

  1. Ultrasonography.
  2. Computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or radiography.
  3. Biopsy of the synovium. A small incision is made, and a person takes some tissue to study it under a microscope.
  4. Biochemical and general blood test,
  5. Immunological research.

Treatment of arthritis of the elbow joint

In all cases, you need to provide the patient with the maximum rest with the help of an orthosis or a tire.

It is necessary to take anti-inflammatory drugs, such as:

  • Diclofenac,
  • Mawalis,
  • Xefokam.

If they are not effective enough, then the use of glucocorticoid hormones is indicated.

If a purulent inflammation, purulent arthritis, entered a serious stage - surgery is necessary. At the beginning of the disease, a puncture is made, pus and effusion are removed, and the joint cavity is flushed with antibacterial agents.

Treatment with folk remedies

To relieve the symptoms of ulnar inflammation in the presence of swelling and redness, you can use folk remedies, for example, lotions with vodka. It is necessary to take 6 layers of bandage, moisten in vodka and wrap the affected area.

Elimination of arthritis with folk remedies is, first of all, the use of egg shell and sour milk. The shell must be dried, after which it is ground into a powder. Add a similar amount of sour milk to the mass.

The mixture is laid out on the bandage and applied to the diseased area, which must then be wrapped in a warm cloth. In the morning, the bandage can be removed. The course lasts 5 days, after which you can take a break.

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For the therapy of folk remedies to be effective, camphor alcohol with egg proteins is also used. It is required to whip 3 proteins, pour in 100 g of camphor alcohol, then put 100 g of mustard powder. The mixture is smeared on the joint, wrapped in a warm cloth and left for the night.

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Traditional means of treatment are not only cooked recipes, but also the use of plants as additives in food. For example, fresh herbs of primrose appear to be effective against arthritis.

It should be noted the use of such folk remedies:

  • Raziraniya fresh radish juice black.
  • Turning the joint with leaves of mother-and-stepmother and burdock. Traditional healers, the method is recognized as effective in severe joint swelling.
  • Mix 100 grams of vodka, a glass of honey, a large spoonful of salt and a half cup of fresh radish black juice. Blend the joints with a mixture.
  • 250 g of calamus is boiled in three liters of water, it must be poured into a bath of room temperature.
  • Fresh spruce branches should be poured with boiling water and insist for half an hour. Immerse the elbow in a warm infusion.

A source: http://sustav.info/bolezni/arthritis/artrit-loktevogo-sustava.html

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