The sensation, when it catches the breath, was experienced by everyone in a state of a surge of emotions - both positive and negative. But when there is a lump in the throat with a neurosis, this is a symptom of the disease. It means that a person needs treatment.
- The causes of spasm
- Symptomatic manifestations
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment of pharyngeal neurosis
- Medication Therapy
- Preventive measures
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The causes of spasm
The nature of the development of a spastic condition can be:
Psycho-neurological etiology plays a major role in spasm in both healthy people and in mental disorders (schizophrenia, manic states, depression). The so-called hysterical com is observed in people with a labile, unstable nervous system. Spasm of different intensity occurs on nervous soil, mainly in women. In the weaker sex psychosomatics determines the same phenomenon in the menopausal period, when hormonal changes occur, during pregnancy or before critical days (premenstrual syndrome).
The somatic sphere includes:
- infectious diseases;
- diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
- disturbance of the cardiovascular system;
- the appearance of tumors in the throat.
Laryngospasm and lump in the throat are accompanied by frequent diseases of the nasopharynx. Chronic inflammation of mucous membranes leads to the fact that the mucus necessary for moistening the respiratory tract is produced in insufficient quantities. Stable streptococcal infection can cause pharyngo neurosis and laryngoneurosis.
Important! Spasm of the larynx is not an independent disease, but it can be a warning signal, a symptom of a serious disease.
Thyrotoxicosis caused by hyperthyroidism also leads to someone in the throat. Problems with swallowing increase with the increase in the body of the gland and its pressure on surrounding tissues and organs.
Other factors that can cause disturbance of the swallowing function and spastic status are osteochondrosis, tumor diseases, vegetative-vascular dystonia (VSD), hyperacid gastritis. Spasm sometimes occurs after irrigation of the pharynx with certain medications - for example, in the procedure of fibrogastroduodenoscopy, an optical probe is inserted into the esophagus to examine the stomach and duodenum. To suppress the gag reflex, the palate is irrigated with a solution of novocaine. After the procedure, the patient will feel a coma in his throat for a while.
Symptoms that occur with spasm of the larynx:
- sore throat;
- difficulty swallowing;
- heavy breathing;
- sensation of pain, tightness in the throat and sternum;
- change in complexion (pallor, in severe cases, cyanosis);
- profuse sweating;
- threadlike pulse.
Depending on the cause that caused a lump in the throat, the duration and intensity of the symptoms varies.
During a spasm, inhalation is difficult. A person can have panic attacks, fear of suffocation. As the muscle tension weakens, the person first makes a noisy wheezing breath, which is called a stridor, after which the breathing is restored.
If the coma is neurotic, it gives in the back, it can be radiculopathy with paresthesia - violation of innervation as a result of pinching of nerve endings. In this case, the accompanying symptoms will be a sensation of crawling, light burning, reduced tactile sensitivity or numbness in the local area.
Diagnosis of the disease
The doctor interrogates the patient, finding out what he was sick with, whether there are hereditary diseases, the date of the last menstrual period is specified for women. The yawn is examined, if necessary, a swab is taken.
To exclude somatic factors, it is necessary to conduct a survey of the patient with a mandatory laboratory blood test. It will help to identify the infectious agent. Allergic tests are necessary when suspected of an allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.
Important! Spasm of the throat and violation of the swallowing function can be a symptom of rabies - a dangerous disease that always ends in a fatal outcome. Therefore, when suspected of a disease, the patient should be immediately placed in an infectious isolator.
If necessary, do X-ray, tomography, ultrasound. This reveals the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, osteochondrosis, tumors and other diseases. If somatic nature is excluded, the patient will be further dealt with by a psychotherapist.
A lump in the throat on nervous soil is diagnosed when:
- man is prone to hysteria;
- is depressed;
- is subject to frequent stresses.
Separately, I must mention the iatrogenic factor: a person can misinterpret the words he heard from a medical worker, frightened of incomprehensible terms. Then, on the basis of autosuggestion, the patient develops various symptoms of the disease, which he does not have. For example, a patient can imagine that he has a throat cancer, after which he begins to have difficulty swallowing, although there are no objective prerequisites for this.
Treatment of pharyngeal neurosis
It is best to combat this with comprehensive measures that will include:
- drug treatment;
It is useful for occupational therapy - it is an easy occupation, it helps from depression. To get rid of obsessive conditions - fear of cancer (carcinophobia) and others - often there is enough attentive attitude and detailed explanation from the attending physician. In the event that this condition is caused by mental disorders, profile treatment is prescribed.
With frequent stress, fatigue, insomnia, sedative preparations of plant origin (valerian root, motherwort, hawthorn), homeopathic (Tenoten), tranquilizers of anxiolytic group (Afobazol), antidepressants (Tryptizolum, Amitriptyline, Ludomil), neuroleptics (most often Aminazine), nootropic means (Nootropilum, Piritinolum). The use of tranquilizers, antidepressants and all psychostimulating drugs has a number of limitations, what you need to know about.
Important! Only the attending physician decides what medicines to drink, at what dosage and how long the course of treatment lasts.
With a tendency to hysterical reaction in adults, sedatives, massage, and non-traditional methods (acupuncture, breathing exercises, yoga) are prescribed. The spasm of the throat in infants is explained by the fact that they have not yet formed a nervous system, and the neuromuscular apparatus of the larynx is too exciting. You do not need to treat it, the child will grow.
If hysterics with a pharyngeal neurosis are observed in an older child, an explanatory conversation with parents is necessary so that in the future they do not create the reasons for such behavior. Often there is such a kind of childish hysteria as provocative - when the child wants to reach his own by frightening his parents. In this case, they need to show perseverance and patience. Medicamental treatment is minimal, vegetative preparations are used in the age-related dosage.
Treatment of a coma in the throat with folk remedies is carried out with the help of various phytopreparations having a calming effect. They are used inside and outside. To syndrome of the pharyngeal coma has passed, you need to switch from coffee and black tea to green or phyto tea. The most effective herbal remedies are decoctions with chamomile, St. John's wort, mint, jasmine.
Help to remove the spasm of warm baths with the addition of pink and other essential oils, as well as massage with these substances, aromatherapy. It is useful to carry a small bottle of such oil or a pocket inhaler, periodically inhaling a remedy. Consider the popular recipes of folk medicine:
- Bath with lavender. In warm water, add lavender infusion, which is prepared from 4 tbsp. l. dry inflorescences and 1 liter of boiling water. Insists half an hour, then filtered and poured into the bathroom. Duration of the procedure - 20 minutes, it is better to take a bath before going to bed.
- Chamomile tea. It is prepared from a dry collection of chamomile inflorescences. For a glass of boiling water 0.5 tbsp. l. colors. Strain the infusion, drink before bed. Children can sweeten with honey.
- Rinse with calendula. Soften and disinfect the mucous membrane of the oropharynx. Pour a glass of boiling water 2 tbsp. l. dry colors of calendula (you can prepare a solution by taking 1 tbsp. l. chamomile and marigold), insist, strain and dilute with a glass of boiled water. Gargle every 4 hours for half a cup.
- Sea salt. It takes 1/3 h. l. sea salt and dissolved in 0.5 liters of water. Rinse 5-6 times a day.
You can remove the spasm that has started by using air humidification with a conventional spray gun or even a bulk dish with water or a medicinal decoction.
To reduce excitability and reduce the likelihood of spasm of the larynx, you should limit the use of coffee, strong tea, chocolate (especially for children). Adults are advised to refrain from smoking and strong alcohol. It is necessary to avoid stressful situations and negative emotions if they provoke neurotic spasms of the throat (television news, detective films, "horror movies" and so on). Children do not want to play on the computer before bed.
If you are inclined to spasms, you need to develop a culture of nutrition:
- Do not swallow large untreated pieces;
- Do not eat dry-sour;
- do not swallow with food.
Day regimen, high-grade vitamin nutrition, exercise, sufficient sleep in a well-ventilated and humidified room - all this will help stabilize the nervous system, temper the body and get rid of the coma that appears periodically in the throat.