How quickly to cure bronchitis in an adult without antibiotics?
Bronchitis. Distinguish between acute and chronic bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa. It is most common in young children and the elderly. It is usually associated with viral infections of the upper respiratory tract, but can be caused by bacteria as well as by allergic reactions. With acute bronchitis, the tissues along the walls of the passages swell and produce a large amount of mucus.
Symptoms: There is a dry, sharp cough that intensifies at night. Cough usually softens in a few days due to the release of mucus.
Traditional methods of treatment: showing bed rest, abundant warm drink, mustard. Appointed expectorant, bronchodilator drugs. Sometimes, antipyretic and analgesic agents are used.
In chronic bronchitis, mucus-producing cells that line the bronchial walls thicken and produce too much mucus. The mucous membrane of the bronchi swells. The occurrence of chronic bronchitis is associated with the exposure to the mucous membrane of the bronchi of harmful impurities contained in the air: tobacco smoke, automobile exhausts, etc.
Symptoms: A persistent cough in which very much mucus is released. As the disease progresses, breathing difficulties increase, especially in connection with physical exertion. Sometimes swelling and puffiness of the whole body are observed. Destructive complications include congestive heart failure, acute respiratory arrest, emphysema.
Traditional methods of treatment: Assign expectorants, antibiotics. In severe cases, patients may be hospitalized.
Unconventional and folk methods of treatment:
1) Clean 3 garlic heads and together with 5 lemons with a peel, pass in a meat grinder or grate on a fine grater, pour them 1L. boiled water and soak in a closed pot for 5 days. Strain, squeeze the remainder. Take as a sucking agent for bronchitis 3 times a day for 1 tablespoon.
2) Take 5-6 large cloves of garlic, grind into a gruel, mix with 100 grams. A butter and a bunch of finely chopped dill. In the morning, afternoon and evening, spread the mixture on bread. This oil also helps with pneumonia.
3) An excellent prescription for the treatment of bronchitis: 1kg. ripe tomatoes, 50gr. garlic and 300 gr. root horseradish grind in a meat grinder. Mix and salt to taste. To eat: to children 1 teaspoon before meal 3 times a day, To adults - 1 table spoon 3 times a day.
4) Mix in the ratio by weight 2 grated on a fine grater onions, apples, honey. To treat bronchitis, accompanied by a cough, take at least 5-6 times a day.
5) Carrot juice, hot milk and honey in the ratio 1 to insist 4-5 hours and drink in a warm form on a glass 3-4 times a day.
6) Mix 300gr. honey and 1 sheet of finely chopped aloe, pour them, l. boiled water, put on fire, bring to a boil and keep on low heat for 2 hours. Cool and mix. Store in a cool place. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
7) To facilitate the separation of phlegm, drink cowberry juice with sugar syrup or honey. Take 1 tablespoon as often as possible.
8) Prepare fresh cabbage juice, add sugar (2 small spoons for 1 glass of juice). Take 2 times a day for 1 glass, as an expectorant.
9) With bronchitis with viscous sputum brew, l. boiling water 4 tablespoons chopped plantain leaf and insist 4 hours. Drink a glass 4 times a day.
10) To weld in, l. milk 2-3 sheets of mother-and-stepmother and add to the broth on the tip of the knife fresh lard. Drink before going to bed for 2 tablespoons.
11) Powdered althea root (sold in a pharmacy) diluted with warm boiled water, bringing to the consistency of thick sour cream. The resulting mixture is taken 1 tablespoon 4 times a day for chronic bronchitis.
12) Take 1 part of pine buds, 1 part of plantain leaves, 1 part of leaves of mother-and-stepmother. 4 teaspoons of the collection to insist 2 hours in a glass of cold water. Boil for 5 minutes and strain. Take 1 glass during the day.
Help marmot or badger fat, try breathing exercises from yoga. If you do not find it - please contact me - I'll write.
heat the bottle of beer until hot and drink, then cook the uncooked potatoes and steam over the pan with something covered, but to breathe when the potatoes cool down a little. good luck and health.
I can only advise the direction, and then I'll get to know you. Bronchi heals well with eucalyptus and birch buds, by the way they are collected now.
A! Means the diagnosis have put - now self-treatment begins!!! Bad bronchitis is treated with paraffin: ordinary paraffin candles melt in a water bath, glue cakes from it. put on your back, covered with polyethylene film on top, then with a diaper, then a shawl and a blanket. and half an hour bainki. But only if there is no temperature!!! Good luck!! !
Yes, I forgot - it's 5 days in a row at night! And do not cool down after the procedure!
Apparatus such as "Monsoon" or more expensive modern nebulizers, they turn liquid medicine into aerosol for exposure to compressed air (jet or compressor nebulizer) or ultrasonic waves (ultrasonic).
The nebulizer is intended primarily for emergency therapy of exacerbations of bronchial asthma. For daily therapy, the doses of drugs used during exacerbations will be too great.
It can be used for chronic bronchoconstriction and for prolonged use of bronchodilators and expectorants.
Sometimes a nebulizer is used for routine therapy of bronchial asthma in very young children (up to 3-5 years) and in weakened patients. For example, treatment for children from asthma up to a year without a nebulizer is generally difficult.
Apply nebulizer in the treatment of cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis and a number of other diseases and in all cases when it is necessary to deliver drugs to the alveoli.
The nebulizer is the only way of inhalation delivery of certain drugs: there is simply no antibiotic and expectorant metered-dose inhalers.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of using a nebulizer?
- there is no need to coordinate breathing and drug intake, which makes it easier to use and allows the use of a nebulizer even in patients who are not able to use other inhalers;
- You can use large doses of drugs;
- the medicine quickly falls into the zone of the respiratory tract necessary for its action, even through narrowed bronchi;
- the medicine is delivered continuously;
- the aerosol does not contain freon.
Antibiotics for bronchitis
Antibiotics for bronchitis are selected after a thorough examination, examination and all necessary tests by the treating doctor.
Bronchitis is a common disease, both among children and among older people; in recent years, the disease has become chronic in the population. In an adult, the signs of the disease manifest themselves differently depending on certain factors. Before you start treating the disease, you need to determine the cause that led to the disease. Unfortunately, modern doctors prescribe antibiotics at random, according to the principle of "no more will be." However, with some forms of bronchitis, the use of antibiotics only hinders recovery. Bronchitis of a viral origin and without antibiotics is well treatable, since viruses are not destroyed by antibacterial agents. When treating viral bronchitis with antibiotics, depression of immunity begins, dysbacteriosis, allergic reactions, bacteria develop resistance to the drug.
With bronchitis in acute form, the focus of inflammation in the bronchi develops due to ingestion of viruses or infection. If before the disease in humans in the lungs there were no pathological processes, in 95% of the bronchitis was caused by viruses. At a bronchitis of the acute form of a virus origin antibiotics are not obligatory. If a person has a strong immune system, then treatment of a disease of staphylococcal, streptococcal, pneumococcal infection is predominantly symptomatic, recovery is an average of two of the week. If the defenses of the body are weakened, antibiotics must be taken. Acute bronchitis is manifested by a strong cough, pain in the chest, increased body temperature. Most of the patients recover fairly quickly (within two weeks), in some cases, cough lasts about a month.
Chronic bronchitis is considered if the disease occurs throughout the year often enough (the total number of days of illness for a year exceeds 90). At a chronic bronchitis of the person excruciates a strong cough with allocation of slime. Such a cough can be associated with harmful working conditions, smoking, allergic manifestations, infections in the upper respiratory tract. With exacerbations or repeated diseases, treatment is carried out with antibacterial drugs in combination with expectorants.
In a separate category there are bronchitis of Chlamydia and Mycoplasma origin. Recently, bronchitis, provoked by bacteria of chlamydia and microplasma, is diagnosed more often. The development of the disease is very slow, accompanied by signs of intoxication, the disease proceeds in a protracted form, with frequent relapses, treatment such bronchitis succumb extremely hard. In addition to a person's strong cough, fever, high fever, and muscle pains are excruciating.
Antibiotics for pregnant women with bronchitis
The frequency of bronchitis in pregnant women is quite high. This is primarily due to a weakened immune system that is unable to resist viruses and infections. The development of bronchitis begins as a manifestation of the common cold (weakness, temperature). After a few days, a dry cough begins, and after a couple of days sputum begins to appear from the bronchi. It is extremely important for a future mother to take their health seriously, because this threatens with various (sometimes quite serious) complications for the child. If there is a suspicion that the bronchitis is developing, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The excretion of sputum from the lungs in pregnant women is difficult, since the mobility of the diaphragm is reduced, and it is in a raised state. A long time stagnating in the bronchi sputum prolongs the term of the disease, in addition, this state is extremely harmful for the future mother, and for her baby. If in total the disease lasted no more than two weeks, most likely, the disease proceeded in acute form, but if the treatment lasted for a month or more - it means that the disease became chronic shape. Acute bronchitis has no harmful effect on the future baby, but a long chronic form of the disease can lead to intrauterine infection of the fetus. After the examination and all tests confirmed the diagnosis of bronchitis, treatment of a woman should be started as soon as possible.
X-rays to pregnant women are prescribed only in extreme cases, when the doctor has doubts about the correct diagnosis, the disease is accompanied by a very serious condition of the woman, a variety of complications. Antibiotics for bronchitis are prescribed quite often, but the use of such potent drugs for women in period of pregnancy is not recommended, especially during the first three months you need to exclude any medicinal preparations. As a rule, antibiotics are prescribed to pregnant women in extreme cases, when mothers are threatened with serious complications. In the event that it is not possible to dispense with antibiotics, preparations from a number of penicillins, which can be used in the treatment of pregnant women, are prescribed. These drugs virtually eliminate the possibility of harm to the child. If a woman is in the second trimester, then the use of cephalosporin group drugs is possible.
With bronchitis in acute form, you can use Bioporox - a local antibiotic with which inhalations are carried out. This agent acts directly in the respiratory tract, therefore, the possibility of penetration through the placenta is completely excluded, which is extremely important for a woman in the position.
List of antibiotics for bronchitis
Antibiotics of this series are destructive to the walls of bacteria, their action is directed only at harmful microorganisms, and there is no harm to the body as a whole. The only drawback of such drugs is that penicillins are capable of provoking strong allergic reactions.
Block the multiplication of microbes due to disruption of protein production in cells.
Antibiotics for bronchitis of a wide spectrum of action, their frequent use leads to disruption of the digestive tract, provokes dysbiosis.
Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, well cope with microorganisms resistant to penicillins. Preparations of this group are usually well tolerated by patients, in very rare cases cause allergic reactions.
Antibiotics for bronchitis in adults
Antibiotics for bronchitis in older people often have a major importance in the treatment of the disease. First of all, anti-infectious agents with antibacterial effect are used: rovamycin, flemoxin, chemomycin, azithromycin.
In second place is a cephalosporin group of antibiotics: suprax, ceftriaxone, cefazolin, cefepime. Such antibiotics are used in light and medium course of the disease, mainly in the form of tablets. Severe stages of the disease are treated with injections, in some cases it is advisable to use combination therapy combining injections and taking tablets. With bronchitis of viral origin, antiviral agents such as vifron, kipferon, geneferon, and the like are used. It is also necessary to take expectorants (ACS, lazolvan, bromhexine, etc.). If you suffer from dyspnea, you can use bronchodilators: teopek, euphyllin, berodual, salbutamol, etc. Also, treatment should be supplemented with vitamin preparations to strengthen the defenses of the body.
If antibiotics are prescribed without sputum analysis, preference is given to broad-spectrum antibiotics, usually penicillin or a protected penicillin group. The most commonly prescribed is augmentin from the group of protected penicillins, which has a disastrous effect on most bacteria that are unable to develop resistance to this drug. Augmentin is available in the form of tablets, injections, suspensions. The drug in the form of a suspension is convenient to use for the treatment of small children, this drug can also be used in pregnancy. Safety of use of the drug in childhood and pregnant women has been proved by numerous studies.
Also, antibiotic preparations of the macrolide group, for example, azithromycin, have a good therapeutic effect. Preparations are convenient to use, since it is required to be taken once, besides the course of treatment is not very long, 3 to 5 days.
However, the appointment of an antibiotic should be carried out taking into account the identified pathogens of the disease, on the basis of bacteriosives (sputum analysis).
Antibiotics for bronchitis in children
For the treatment of such a disease as bronchitis in children, drugs that improve drainage of the bronchi, i. a variety of mucolytic agents (liquefying phlegm): ambroxol, licorice root, althea, etc. Recently, inhalers have become very popular with the help of a special inhalation device - a nebulizer, which can be used at home.
Antibiotics for bronchitis in children are often prescribed together with antiallergic and immunomodulating drugs. Its effectiveness and safety for children was proved by the phytoantibiotic Umkalor, which includes bacteriostatic properties. This drug is well suited for the final cure of the disease, after using more powerful antibiotics, since the drug has good immunostimulating properties. Umcalor is recommended to take at least a week after the disappearance of the main symptoms of the disease for prevention.
It is mandatory to take funds aimed at maintaining and restoring the intestinal microflora in order to prevent the development of dysbiosis and weakening of the body's defenses. If treatment is started in a timely manner and an effective course of treatment is chosen, recovery occurs in 2 to 3 weeks.
Antibiotics for chronic bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis develops a change in the bronchial mucosa. Characteristic signs of bronchitis is sputum for more than two consecutive years, frequent prolonged exacerbations of the disease (at least three months a year). With chronic bronchitis there are stages of exacerbation and remission. In case of exacerbations, usually, the patient's extremely difficult condition is observed, in which he is forced to seek qualified help. In such periods, people suffer severe attacks of cough, weakness, increased sweating, fever. Periods of remission are accompanied by regular sputum discharge when coughing, which does not greatly affect a person's daily life. With chronic bronchitis, mucous ulcers get purulent sputum, sometimes bloody impurities appear.
The chronic form of bronchitis is most often sick at an older age, young people and children usually suffer the disease in a protracted form, with frequent relapses.
Antibiotics for bronchitis should be prescribed only after determining the sensitivity of pathogens to the active substance. Exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease can occur with the activity of chlamydia, legionella, and microplasmas. In this case, effective drugs for the treatment of the disease are antibiotics of the macrolide group (azithromycin, rovamycin). If the causative agent is Gram-positive coccal bacteria, antibiotics of the cephalosporin series are prescribed, with Gram-negative coccal infection - preparations of the last generation.
Good efficacy in the treatment of chronic forms of bronchitis are shown by antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, tetracyclines, macrolides, etc.
Antibiotics for acute bronchitis
The causative agents of the acute form of bronchitis are mainly rhinovirus infections, respiratory-sentient viruses, influenza viruses, and the like. Bacterial pathogens of the disease are most often mycoplasmas, chlamydia. The culprits of acute bronchitis are viruses in 90% of cases, in the remaining 10% - bacteria. Also, acute bronchitis can develop as a result of prolonged exposure to poison gas or chemical compounds.
When acute form of bronchitis appears cough with the discharge of mucous sputum (sometimes with an admixture of pus), fever, weakness. In some patients, cough lasts about a month.
Antibiotics for bronchitis, which occurs in acute form, in most cases, use is undesirable, because the disease is most often caused by a viral infection, in which antibiotic therapy is ineffective. Treatment of bronchitis in acute form is mostly symptomatic (antipyretic, antitussive, vitamin preparations). If bronchitis has developed as a result of influenza virus, treatment is advisable to carry out antiviral drugs.
In some cases, the use of antibacterial drugs for bronchitis is still a necessity. First of all, these are people in old age and small children, since they have an increased risk of developing severe complications (exacerbation of chronic disease, pneumonia). Usually, in such cases, amoxicillin (500 mg three times a day), josamycin (500 mg three times a day), spiramycin (2 times a day for 3 million IU), erythromycin (500 mg four times a day) is prescribed in such cases.
Antibiotics for obstructive bronchitis
Obstructive bronchitis is accompanied by a dry obtrusive cough that lasts almost without stopping, usually arises, and after coughing, there is no relief. Cough often intensifies at night, thus preventing a person from resting, the first time the body temperature is not increased. The usual symptoms of the disease (weakness, headache, fever) are practically not observed. In most cases, dyspnea appears in the disease, difficulty breathing, small children often widen the wings of the nose when trying to breathe, while breathing noisy, with hissing sounds.
The course of obstructive bronchitis occurs in acute or chronic form. Diseases in the acute form are most often affected by children, chronic - adults and elderly people.
Antibiotics for bronchitis of the obstructive form are appointed after a bacterial infection is detected. The usual means used for treatment are fluoroquinolones, aminopenicillins, macrolides. With an exhausting cough that does not give the patient a full rest, an erespal is prescribed (usually one tablet twice a day).
Antibiotics for purulent bronchitis
The development of a purulent form of the disease usually occurs due to the initially incorrect treatment of the acute form of the disease. With bronchitis, sputum analysis is rarely prescribed for sensitivity, and in most cases, drugs with a wide spectrum of action are immediately prescribed. Usually this kind of treatment is effective. Together with antibiotics, thinner phlegm and antiallergic drugs are prescribed. A number of complications are caused by the viral nature of the disease, in this case, antibiotics for bronchitis are completely ineffective, since their effect does not apply to viruses. With such treatment, the disease progresses, and passes into a more severe form, most often into a purulent one. With purulent bronchitis, sputum appears with purulent impurities.
Treatment of the disease should be done after the mandatory determination of microflora and its sensitivity to antibiotics. Good efficacy in the treatment of purulent forms of bronchitis show inhalation.
Natural antibiotics for bronchitis
Natural antibiotics in bronchitis are not able to completely replace drugs, but they can fully protect the body from of most infections, to strengthen immunity (in contrast to chemical), besides natural remedies do not destroy microflora in the intestine and do not provoke a dysbacteriosis.
For a long time people knew the products and plants that had anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties during treatment. One of the most famous strong antibiotics of natural origin is garlic. It well destroys viruses, bacteria, parasites, penetrating into our body. Garlic acts fatal to such bacteria as Styrmococcus, Staphylococcus, Salmonella, diphtheria, tuberculosis. In total, garlic fights with 23 different bacteria.
Onion is also a widely known powerful natural antibiotic that helps stop the reproduction of sticks of dysentery, diphtheria, tuberculosis, streptococcal, staphylococcal infections. The aroma of onion helps cleanse the airways.
The root of horseradish contains lysozyme, which destroys the cellular structure of bacteria, thereby eliminating the infection.
Black radish acts destructively on cells of microorganisms. In combination with honey, it has a strong bactericidal effect. In addition, it helps to strengthen the defenses of the body, weakened by the disease.
Garnet has strong anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, since ancient times pomegranate was used to treat typhoid fever, salmonellosis, colitis, stomach diseases, non-healing wounds, dysentery, cholera, sore throat. Substances in the pomegranate function in the human body selectively, in contrast to chemicals, and destroy only pathogens.
Raspberry has long been known for its sweating, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal properties, besides, it has a good soothing effect. Raspberries are especially effective for diseases of the throat, bronchi, and the like.
Kalina has good bactericidal properties, successfully destroys various fungi, bacteria, viruses, and also increases immunity. But the viburnum can not be taken continuously, it is recommended as a prophylaxis of seasonal diseases (in the autumn-winter period).
In honey contains all important for our body trace elements. It helps to cope with various diseases, in particular caused by bacterial infections.
The composition of propolis is rich in essential oils, flavonoids, flavonoids, organic acids. Scientists have repeatedly argued that propolis is effective in fighting a variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Propolis has no contraindications and side effects (except for individual intolerance), in addition, microorganisms do not develop resistance to it.
Aloe - a long-known medicinal plant, which is popular in our days. In scarlet, except for a multitude of trace elements, vitamins, etc., there is one substance that has a strong antiviral, antiseptic, antifungal effect. In addition, scarlet increases the body's defenses and helps cope with serious diseases.
Mumiye in its principle of action resembles propolis. Scientists have already been shown the presence in the mummy of an antibiotic, which is superior in strength to the effects of penicillin. The solution mummy destroys E. coli, staphylococcus and other pathogenic microorganisms. Take mummies should be a course of no more than 10 days, because there is a strong stimulating effect.
In the composition of chamomile is a large number of essential oils, which have a good anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect on the human body. Also in the composition of chamomile are various acids, glucose, carotene, which are very useful for human health. Modern science has recognized the chamomile as one of the few plants that help a person effectively combat gastrointestinal diseases, nervous disorders, colds, etc. Camomile is also a strong antiseptic and has expectorant properties.
Calendula has a wide variety of uses. Its antibacterial properties of calendula is due to the essential oil entering into its composition. Infusion and flowers of calendula is usually well tolerated by people prone to allergic reactions.
Sage is one of the strong natural antibiotics, which has antiseptic and antiviral properties. Sage has proven itself as an additional remedy in the treatment of diseases that cause various viral and bacterial infections. It is very effective against gram-positive microorganisms (enterococci, staphylococci, etc.).
Essential oils of plants such as sage, cloves, tea tree, fir, lavender, mint, etc. are natural antibiotics that destroy bacteria, viruses, fungi and inhibit the reproduction of microbes.
A good antibiotic for bronchitis
Antibiotics for bronchitis are used in several groups:
- aminopenicillins - act destructively on the walls of bacteria, thus causing the death of microorganisms. Of this group, amoxicillin is often prescribed. The human body does not have components that are similar in structure to the bacterial cell walls, so preparations of this group act solely on microbes and do not have a harmful effect on the body rights. But penicillin antibiotics are more likely than other drugs to provoke severe allergic reactions.
- macrolides - disrupt the production of protein in bacterial cells, as a result, bacteria lose their ability to reproduce. A wide spread of azithromycin, roxithromycin. If the nature of the disease is protracted, drugs of this group can be treated for a long time, without fear that the medicine will harm the body. This group of drugs can be used in childhood, during pregnancy and lactation.
- fluoroquinolones - break the DNA of bacteria, which leads to their death. Usually moxifloxacin, levofloxacin is prescribed. Preparations of this group show a good result in the treatment of various forms of bronchitis, but they are quite expensive. Fluoroquinolones have a wide spectrum of action (an order of magnitude greater than macrolides and aminopenicillins), therefore, with prolonged reception, the development of dysbacteriosis is provoked.
Antibiotics from which group is better, it is rather difficult to say. The drugs of the first line (ie those that the doctor appoints first) are penicillin antibiotics. With individual intolerance or expressed resistance of microorganisms to penicillins, second-line drugs - macrolides are used. If, for some reason, macrolide antibiotics are not effective in treating bronchitis, they switch to fluoroquinolones. Usually, treatment is limited to only three of the above groups of antibiotics, but in some cases, tetracyclines, cephalosporins can be used. In different clinical situations, a drug is selected that is optimally suited to specific conditions, taking into account the analyzes, the patient's condition and the severity of the disease.
Sumamed with bronchitis
Sumamed is used in the treatment of various infectious-inflammatory diseases. This drug belongs to the group of macrolides, it is well absorbed into the digestive tract, it has a good ability to penetrate into the blood and bacteria cells. In particular, the preparation penetrates into the cells responsible for immunity, which contributes to its rapid entry into the focus of the infection, where it destroys the causative agents of the disease. In the focus of inflammation, a sufficiently high concentration of the drug is observed, for a long time, not less than three days, which reduced the course of treatment. Sumamed is prescribed a course three days once a day (500 mg), an hour before meals or two hours later. This antibiotic is active against a large number of pathogens of the upper respiratory tract, ENT organs, soft tissues and skin, joints, bones, as well as against ureaplasma, mycoplasmal, chlamydial infections, which are difficult to cope with treatment.
Antibiotics for bronchitis should be prescribed only after preliminary examination of excreta (sputum) on the sensitivity of bacteria. However, in practice, antibacterial drugs with a broad spectrum of action, such as sumamed, are usually immediately prescribed, and if after the analysis it is established that the bacteria are insensitive to this type of antibiotic, the doctor changes it to another antibacterial a drug.
Usually sumamed by patients is well tolerated and does not cause side reactions if all the necessary admission rules are followed. However, adverse reactions still occur in rare cases (as with any other medication): nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. In the intestine, irritation is not caused by the drug itself, but by a conditionally pathogenic microflora inhabiting the intestine of a person who begins an active life after the destruction of a beneficial microflora. Also intensify the activity of Candida fungus, which threatens the development of candidomycosis (thrush) of the oral cavity, intestines, genital organs and other mucous membranes. Also, Sumamed can disrupt the liver, nervous system (lethargy, insomnia, dizziness, increased excitability, etc.).
In general, sumamed is an effective drug that must be applied correctly and accurately.
Augmentin with bronchitis
Augmentin inhibits the growth of bacteria and acts destructively on microorganisms. The drug refers to the semisynthetic antibiotics of the aminopenicillin group, contains clavulanic acid, which enhances the action of the basic substance. Antibiotic preparation is made in the form of injections, drops, tablets, powder for suspensions. Due to a wide spectrum of action, the drug is used in the treatment of most inflammatory infections caused by bacteria that do not develop resistance to penicillins. Despite the fact that augmentin refers to penicillin antibiotics, its effect on microorganisms is enhanced by clavulanic acid, which blocks the action of beta-lactamase, produced by microorganisms to suppress activity penicillins. As a result, augmentin is effective against a greater number of bacteria than other antibiotics in the bronchitis of the penicillin group.
Adverse reactions in the treatment of augmentin develop quite rarely, in some cases, the emergence of dysbiosis, violations of the liver, nausea, urticaria. Very rarely can anaphylactic shock occur. Do not prescribe augmentin for individual intolerance to penicillins, with hepatic or renal failure, during pregnancy (especially in the first trimester).
The dosage of the drug depends on the patient's condition, the individual sensitivity of the microflora, the age of the patient. For young children (up to a year), the drug is prescribed three times in the form of drops per day for 0, 75 or 1, 25ml. In severe cases, intravenous injections are given every 8 hours. Children 7 - 12 years are prescribed a drug in the form of a syrup or suspension of 5 ml 3 times a day. Children over 12 years of age and adults with a mild and moderate course of the disease are recommended to take the drug three times in the form of tablets per day (by, 75 mg). In severe bronchitis it is recommended to take three times a day, 25 mg (2 tablets). If the hepatic function, the individual dosage of the drug is determined by the attending physician.
Amoxiclav in bronchitis
Amoxiclav is a combined preparation with a wide spectrum of action, it acts perniciously on the majority of microorganisms-pathogens of infectious diseases. Produced by the drug, like many other antibiotics for bronchitis in various forms: tablets, injections, drops and suspensions. The dosage of the drug depends on the age, body weight, severity of the disease. The recommended dose for an adult is 1 tablet three times a day.
Amoxiclav contains an antibiotic of the penicillin series (amoxicillin) and clavulanic acid, which also has a slight antibacterial effect. Due to this, the drug is effective against bacteria that are resistant to penicillin.
Amoxiclav is well absorbed into the digestive tract, penetrates into the blood, from which it enters various tissues, and it also has the ability to penetrate the placenta. The drug is excreted mainly by the kidneys, decomposing into metabolic products. Usually the drug is well tolerated by patients and has virtually no contraindications. You can not use amoxiclav for individual intolerance, violations of the liver, with lymphocytic leukemia, infectious mononucleosis, in children under 12 years (in the form of tablets). After taking the drug in some cases, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and headaches may occur, rarely convulsions appear. Also, the drug has the ability to reduce the defenses of the body.
New generation antibiotics for bronchitis
Antibiotics for bronchitis are usually prescribed with a wide range of effects, although the choice of drugs should depend on the results of a laboratory study of sputum. The best way to treat the disease will be that which has a disastrous effect directly on the causative agent of the disease. This approach to treatment is due to the fact that laboratory analysis takes quite a long time (3-5 days), and treatment should be started as early as possible in order to avoid complications.
In bronchitis, the following groups of antibacterial drugs are used:
- penicillins - the composition includes penicillin and substances that enhance their effect. Penicillin drugs have been used in medicine for quite some time. During this period, microorganisms acquired resistance to the action of penicillin, so it became necessary to strengthen the drugs special substances that will block the action of enzymes produced by microorganisms to reduce activity penicillin. Currently, the most effective antibacterial drugs of the penicillin series are panclav, amoxiclav, augmentin.
- macrolides - are usually prescribed when there is an individual penicillin intolerance. Today, erythromycin and clarithromycin are widely used for the treatment of bronchitis.
- Cephalosporins are usually prescribed for obstructive forms of the disease. Modern effective drugs are ceftriaxone, cefuroxime.
- fluoroquinolones - are commonly used in the treatment of bronchitis in chronic form in the stage of exacerbation, it is recommended to begin treatment from the first days. Today, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin are of great efficacy.
The effectiveness of an antibiotic is determined after a laboratory test for the sensitivity of pathogenic microflora.
How to cure bronchitis without antibiotics?
Bronchitis is a widespread disease of the respiratory tract, so there are many recipes of folk medicine that help effectively fight against viruses and bacteria. Antibiotics for bronchitis are usually appointed in case of detection of a bacterial infection. In other cases, treatment with such drugs will harm the body more.
The most first aid to man in the fight against diseases are the well-known products: onions and garlic. Their action has been known to people for a long time. For the treatment of bronchitis, tincture of onions with honey was widely used. To make a medicine, grate the onion, then add the honey (1 part of honey and 3 parts of onions) to it. Take such a drug you need about three times a day for a tablespoon, after 20-25 minutes a field of food.
Also, the sweetly baked bulb is effectively helped to fight the diseases of the respiratory tract according to the old French recipe. For cooking, you need to remove the core from the half-cut bulb and pour a teaspoon of sugar into the cavity, bake in the oven at 150 degrees to caramelize the sugar.
A debilitating cough will help to defeat milk with sage. A glass of milk will require a tablespoon of herbs, the broth should be boiled for about 10 minutes. Then the mixture is filtered and taken in a warm form in half a cup. The broth should be drunk in small sips.
A good hot drink helps in the fight against bronchitis: tea with the addition of honey, viburnum or raspberry, in which there is a lot of vitamin C to maintain immunity. Certainly you need to consume more citrus (lemon, grapefruit). Good anti-inflammatory and supporting the body properties are decoctions of linden, mint, pine buds. A decoction from a mixture of plantain, licorice root, violet, mother-and-stepmother (mixed in equal amounts, then a tablespoon is poured into 200 ml of boiling water, brought to a boil and boiled for 20 minutes slowly fire). The broth is taken about six times a day for 5 tbsp. spoons.
In addition to broths, various inhalations have good efficacy in the treatment of bronchitis, after which dry mucous moisturizes, calms down, coughs die, directly in the hearth inflammation. Inhalations can be carried out with the addition of various essential oils (fir, pine, eucalyptus).
Antibiotics for bronchitis help cope with a disease that is of bacterial origin, i.e. is caused by the activity in the bronchi of various bacteria. With viral bronchitis (for colds, flu), antibiotics are prescribed only in extreme cases, when the disease threatens with severe complications, there is a risk of developing a bacterial infection, etc. Bronchitis with the right approach to treatment is cured within two weeks. To prevent the disease from turning into a heavier form, it is necessary to comply with bed rest, drink enough liquid (mainly teas with the addition of raspberry jam, viburnum, honey, as well as herbal decoctions of mint, linden, chamomile and etc.).
How to cure bronchitis with antibiotics: a list of the best drugs
Bronchitis is an inflammatory process that develops in the bronchi. There may be several types, each of which has a distinctive symptomatology and specific treatment that the doctor should appoint. Remember that self-medication of such a serious disease as bronchitis, at home is just dangerous!
Types and symptomsThe considered inflammatory process can proceed in the following forms:
- purulent- The sputum, allocated at a cough, contains in itself an admixture of pus; For more information on how to treat purulent bronchitis in adults, read the article.
- purulent-serous- characterized by the release of specific sputum, differing in gray and the presence of "fibers" / inclusions of pus;
- fibrinous- phlegm in the patient is very viscous and dense, poorly separated, which provokes a narrowing of the lumen of the bronchus and, as a consequence, attacks of bronchospasm;
- hemorrhagic- The inflammatory process affects the blood vessels, thinens their walls and the blood gets into the sputum;
- catarrhal- the most common form of bronchitis, characterized by the accumulation of a large amount of mucus in the upper parts of the bronchi.
As the treatment of chronic bronchitis with antibiotics is worth reading for information in this article.
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This disease can have a different course:
- acute bronchitis- always begins suddenly, accompanied by pain in the chest (even with deep breathing), paroxysmal coughing and fever;
- Chronical bronchitis- is a consequence of an untreated acute form, has all of the above main symptoms bronchitis, but in a less pronounced form, and hyperthermia (fever) can and does absent.
When examining the patient and carrying out the diagnosis, the doctor necessarily differentiates the bronchitis according to the functional sign:
- non-obstructive- narrowing of bronchi, sudden bronchospasm and stifling is not observed;
- obstructive- due to a large amount of viscous sputum or because of the anatomical features of the patient's body, there is a significant narrowing of the bronchial lumen. In this case, the patient complains of shortness of breath, attacks of suffocation, accompanied by a strained dry cough. And here's how to treat obstructive bronchitis in children, you can find out by reading this article.
Antibiotics for bronchitis
Only antibiotics contribute to the cure of bronchitis, the remaining funds only facilitate the patient's condition
Many, who noted the first symptoms of the disease in question, begin treatment of bronchitis propolis, soda, garlic and other folk remedies and usual tablets from a cough - it's in the bud wrong!Only antibacterial drugs (antibiotics) can relieve directly from inflammation and pathogenic microorganisms(bronchitis has an infectious etiology), and all other methods of treatment and remedies will only alleviate the condition of the patient. This does not mean that you need to immediately and unconditionally go through a course of antibiotic therapy - consultation a doctor will still be needed, but the antibiotic used most often for children with bronchitis is indicated in the article.
Important: with acute bronchitis antibiotics are not prescribed at all - this form of inflammation has viral etiology, and the drugs in question are absolutely useless in the fight for viruses.Antibiotics can be prescribed in tablets and injections, but most often the tablet form is used medicines - it allows you to go through the entire course of treatment on an outpatient basis, without the need to find hospital. Doctors may prescribe injections with antibacterial drugs in the following cases:
- the body temperature reaches the highest boundaries and keeps at this level for more than a day;
- there is pus in the phlegm;
- bronchospasm and severe dyspnea are observed.
In addition, antibiotics can also be used in inhalations with a nebulizer - this is generally considered to be the most effective method of treatment: the drug falls directly on the walls of the bronchi, affected by the inflammatory process and acts localized.
Antibiotics of the old generation
Augmentin - one of the popular means of the old generation
Most often in the treatment of bronchitis of different forms and types of doctors appointed penicillins - drugs of the old generation, but this did not become less effective. Recommended preparations:
RRecommended dosage: 625 mg per treatment. Such receptions per day should be 3 (every 8 hours).Importantly: penicillins give a very good effect, but more often the resistance of pathogenic bacteria that provoked bronchitis to these drugs is revealed.Therefore, the patient is prescribed a medicine, followed by monitoring the dynamics of the disease for 3 days) and in the absence of positive "shifts" the antibiotic is replaced by another, more effective.
If the patient has an individual intolerance and / or hypersensitivity to antibiotics of the penicillin series, macrolides are assigned to him. To such it is possible to carry:
They are produced most often in tablet form, so the dosage is calculated as follows: 1 tablet per reception, use should be done every 6-8 hours.
Modern antibioticsIn obstructive bronchitis, antibiotics of a new generation are appointed - cephalosporins, which are injected into the body only by injection - intramuscularly or intravenously (in especially severe cases). These include:
Please note: the exact dosage should be prescribed by the attending physician - it will depend on the severity of the course of the disease, the general condition of the patient, the "neglect" of the inflammatory process.
If a patient has previously been diagnosed with chronic bronchitis, then at the first signs of his exacerbation take fluoroquinolones - broad-spectrum antibiotics, identical to cephalosporins, but more soft / gentle. The most commonly prescribed are:
It is recommended to treat with a short seven-day course, injecting any of the above medications intramuscularly twice a day.What amount of the drug is needed for one injection, only a doctor can determine - in this case, it is unreasonable to make a decision independently.
The chronic form of bronchitis is always and certainly treated with antibiotics - they will help "drive" the inflammatory process into the stage of long-term remission.
Antibiotics and nebulizer
Inhalation nebulizer is especially effective in bronchitis
To conduct inhalations with a nebulizer, antibiotics can also be used - the effect will be rendered almost immediately, because in this case the drug will act directed / localized and immediately after it hits the organism.Most often for this type of treatment is appointed Fluimucil - a drug that in its composition contains both antibacterial agent, and special for liquefaction of sputum.Produced antibiotic in the form of a powder - you need to take one package and dissolve in a small amount of sodium chloride (maximum 5 ml), and the resulting liquid is divided into two inhalations per day.
Inhalation Fluimutsilom most effective in purulent bronchitis, but can be prescribed for other types of inflammatory disease.
Indication / contraindications
Antibiotics are quite powerful medications that have categorical indications and contraindications.You can not thinklessly take antibacterial drugs - in most cases they are absolutely useless, but their negative effect on the work of the intestines, liver and kidneys can already have(the so-called side effects). For those who want to know in more detail how many days to drink antibiotics for bronchitis, you can learn from the article. Therefore, one should know clear indications for the appointment / use of antibiotics for the treatment of various forms / types of bronchitis:
- borderline high body temperature, which can not be reduced by usual antipyretic;
- purulent sputum content;
- developing bronchospasm;
- previously diagnosed chronic bronchitis.
It is strictly forbidden to prescribe to doctors or take antibiotics on their own:
- diseases of urinary system of severe course - renal failure / nephropathy;
- violations of the functionality of the liver - selectively, for example, with certain forms of hepatitis;
- ulcerative disease of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach / duodenum).
Important: it is necessary to exclude an allergic reaction to antibiotics - it can develop rapidly, which leads to anaphylactic shock and edema Quincke.
And notice: if the patient has already undergone treatment shortly before the development of bronchitis antibacterial drugs of any group, then these funds will be absolutely useless in the treatment any type of bronchitis.
If you ignore the symptoms of bronchitis, self-treatment, the abandonment of antibacterial drugs can develop quite serious complications of bronchitis:
- pneumonia and pneumothorax;
- bronchial asthma - especially dangerous in this regard, obstructive bronchitis;
- pulmonary hypertension;
- emphysema of the lungs;
- bronchiectatic disease.
Please note: acute bronchitis with properly conducted treatment is cured quickly enough, otherwise the form of the disease will certainly be replaced by a chronic one.
From this video you will learn about the proper treatment of chronic bronchitis:
Frequent recurrences of chronic bronchitis, prolonged obstructive, purulent and / or catarrhal appearance of the disease in question can lead to the development inflammation in other organs and body systems - as complications are considered otitis (acute / chronic), tonsillitis (compensated / decompensated).
Antibiotics for bronchitis
The thunderstorm of the autumn-spring period is bronchitis. Often it begins with a common cold and other respiratory diseases - sore throat or sinusitis. How to treat bronchitis correctly, only the doctor will say. Many people avoid using strong medicines and are treated with folk remedies. Often this is the reason for the transition of manifestations of bronchitis in the chronic course of the disease. Antibiotics for bronchitis should not be taken alone - be sure to contact your doctor.
Scheme of treatment of bronchitis and pneumonia with antibiotics
Treatment of inflammation of the respiratory tract is carried out in a hospital or outpatient. Light bronchitis is successfully eliminated at home, chronic or acute manifestations require hospitalization. Bronchitis and pneumonia are insidious diseases, so do not self-medicate. For adults and children, doctors prescribe different antibiotics and apply different healing procedures. Thus, antibiotics for bronchitis and the treatment regimen depend on:
- having a tendency to allergies;
- the nature of the disease (acute, chronic);
- type of pathogen;
- parameters of the drugs used (speed and spectrum of action, toxicity).
Antibiotics powerfully affect the human body, and their thoughtless use can harm, not help. For example, the use of strong drugs in the prevention of bronchitis can have the opposite effect. The constant intake of antibiotics inhibits immunity, promotes the emergence of dysbiosis, adaptation of strains of the disease to the drugs used. Therefore, it can not be said that antibiotics are the best remedy for bronchitis. Treatment of obstructive bronchitis with antibiotics is prescribed in the case of:
- if there is a high temperature (more than 38 degrees), which lasts longer than 3 days;
- purulent sputum;
- protracted nature of the disease - treatment for longer than a month does not bring recovery.
- manifesting severe symptoms during exacerbation.
- if the analysis of sputum revealed pathogens, bacterial or atypical nature.
What antibiotics to drink in adults with bronchitis? A specific treatment regimen is used based on the severity of the disease, its course and the age of the patient. With bronchitis of acute type, drugs of penicillin group are prescribed - Amoxicillin, Erythromycin. With chronic it is possible to use Amoxiclav, Augmentin. If this group of drugs does not help, they switch to the use of Rovamycin, Sumamed and others.
For the elderly, Flemoxin, Azithromycin, Suprax, Ceftriaxone are prescribed. If sputum analysis was not performed, then a wide range of antibiotics are preferred: Ampicillin, Streptocillin, Tetracycin, etc. After the analysis, the doctor prescribes directed drugs. The decision on what antibiotics to take when bronchitis in adults is taken by the attending physician. In any case, the following treatment principles should be adhered to:
- Drugs are taken strictly according to the instructions (dosage, schedule) at regular intervals.
- It is unacceptable to skip the reception of tablets.
- If the symptoms of bronchitis have disappeared - you can not arbitrarily stop treatment.
Unlike adults, the treatment of bronchitis in children with antibiotics is extremely undesirable and dangerous. It is allowed to use drugs only if there is a suspicion of an infectious type of disease. Children should take penicillin group drugs. For children with asthma, the use of azithromycin, erythromycin is allowed. In the rest the treatment scheme of the child is standard and is aimed at eliminating symptoms. Assign:
- bed rest, child care;
- drugs to reduce temperature;
- means for eliminating cough and sore throat;
- application of traditional medicine.
Groups of antibacterials of new generation
Penicillins (oxacillin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, piperacillin). The group of drugs includes such as "Amoxiclav "Augmentin "Panklav etc. They have a bactericidal effect, they affect the formation of the protein wall of a harmful bacterium, as a result of which it dies. Preparations with it are considered the safest. The only negative is the ability to excite allergic reactions. If the disease is started and the drugs with penicillin do not have the proper effect, then they switch to strong drugs.
Macrolides. An extensive group of drugs, which include erythromycin, oleandomycin, midecamycin, dirithromycin, telithromycin, roxithromycin, clarithromycin. The brightest representatives of macrolides on the pharmacological market are preparations "Erythromycin "Claricin "Sumamed". The mechanism of action is directed to the disturbance of the vital activity of the microbial cell. In terms of safety, macrolides are less harmful than tetracyclines, fluoroquinols, more dangerous than penicillins, but they are good for people who are allergic. In combination with penicillins reduce their effectiveness.
Fluoroquinolones (pefloxacin, lomefloxacin, sparfloxacin, hemifloxacin, moxifloxacin). On the market, the drugs are presented by "Afelox "Afenoxin and medications that are of the same name with the main active substance, for example, "Moxifloxacin". This group is used as a medicine for bronchitis. It is prescribed only if the previous two groups of antibiotics did not affect the causative agent of the disease.
Cephalosporins (active substances - cephalexin, cefaclor, cefoperazone, cefepime). According to the type of pathogen, the patient is prescribed "Cefalexin "Cefuroxime axetil "Cefotaxime". Limited to the effect on some pathogens. For example, such antibiotics absolutely do not affect pneumococci, chlamydia, microplasmas, listeria. Preparations of the first generation are practically not absorbed into the blood, and therefore are administered in the form of injections.
Which antibiotics are the most effective?
Amoxicillin. Form release - capsules and granules. Adults take 500 mg (1-2 capsules) 3 times a day, if the bronchitis in severe form is doubled to 1000 mg. The child is prescribed from 100 to 250 mg per day, depending on the age. To facilitate admission for children, a suspension is prepared - in half a glass of water, the antibiotic is diluted and shaken. The method of intake is only oral, by injection the drug is not administered.
Sumamed. It is used for bronchitis and pneumonia. It is not used by patients with liver and kidney dysfunction. Produced by tablets, capsules, powder for suspensions. Dosage for adults - 500 mg per day, course 3-5 days. Children dose determined by weight - 5-30 mg of medicine per 1 kg. More accurate and correct dosage will be told only by a specialist, do not neglect medical opinion.
Levofloxacin and Moxifloxacin. They are positioned as antibiotics for chronic bronchitis in adults (over 18 years of age). Highly effective in pneumonia, sinusitis, pyelonephritis, infections of various etiologies. The use of this antibiotic is accompanied by a plentiful drink. Avoid direct contact with ultraviolet light of any origin. The form of release - tablets. Dosage - 1-2 times a day for 500 mg.
Cefazolin. Produced by powder for the preparation of infusions and injections. Methods of administration - only intravenously and intramuscularly. For adults, 3-4 injections per day on, 5-1 g. Therapeutic course - 7-10 days. The child's dose is determined proportionally to the weight of the child - 25-50 mg per 1 kg. Stabbing - 3-4 times a day. If patients have renal dysfunction, dosage adjustment is performed.
Antibiotics because of their nature have an extensive list of side effects. From the gastrointestinal tract - is diarrhea, vomiting, dysbiosis, constipation, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, flatulence, dry mouth. From the urogenital organs - itching, impotence, kidney failure, blood in the urine. On the part of the locomotor system - dizziness, arthritis, muscle weakness, numbness of the limbs, paralysis. Skin reactions are hives, itching, allergic reactions.